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ARRIVAL OF THE ATLANTIC. NEW YORK, March 27. The AtlaYitio arrived With d lei tu ihe Mth, Brown A Shipley reports that cotton be gan active, but Tell off and closed tamo at barely advance. Manchester trsih- better. Bread-luffs dull t 3d decline; Whent Is.; flour la Corn, Daring reports, I, inJoo, generally fsir bus) noes. Iron q ilct, American , took.- quiet and unefaingcd. Monty , ier. The Emperor Alexander second litii suc ceeded peaceably to tbe Itn-tian throne, IN hue issued m manifesto !f a t i ty that Te will adhre tothepiliey of bis father Nicholas Constmtine and the other mythcrs and itffl cors have taken oaths of allegiance. Alex ander hag confirmed lb ' diploifl.it ist. Gurts chakoffin the previous Instructions to nego tiate nnd the ti rat preliminary Conference has been nt Vicuna. NlthoUl hid re-called Menchikoff and appointed Gen. Gortachskoff chief in coinninnd, nnd O-lciisucken second Alexander bad appointed (ienl. Hudimer minister of War. The fHlel hid ordered llietr Generals to press forw ard tbe war. There Ins be. n nor 0gbt!ng in t!,e Cii mea. The French stonm-d a redoubt, skill fully erected by the Ruial.tl during the night, several hundred were kll'rd. It it rumored that the Grand Duke M.uhi e! is wou ide I or d'- id at Sebastupul. UrgO force f Ruisltm threatens D tla- hu'vt. Tbe blockade ol the I) nub" Is rail d. Brousaa was destroyed with moat of thU inhabitants by an earthquake. A speck of disagreem -nt, had arisen be tween Napoleon and England. Napoleon aaid the armies should n t act together if R -buck's aeniniitteo proceeded. Lord (Claren don went by ex proa to Boulogne to ! made matters straight, meantime the committee proceeds but it is thought Parliament will be dissolved. The difficult lea nre serious in Tlcllio Swit zerland. The Belgium crisis continues. Tbe King of Denmark is sick. Mi'ligau reportt Kales of 7,111)0 balei el cotton; fair Orleana A. middling 61, fair up lands 5J, middling 4 7-8. Prices advanced i, market opened with a good demand, but fell off toward the cl .s. Flour, western ca nal 38s, OhW tils. Com, yellow -1 1 h. u hi'. 42s. Tbe tl it.tic left Liverpool at 2 o'clock P, M., on the 10th, and arrived off light shif about midnight but did not come in until daylight. She experienced westerly galui during the entire passage, brings 71 pissem gers amongst them aro Archbiahop tlughei, Bishop Newman, &c Atlantic arrived oul ut Liverpool on the 4th. The Czar expired skortly after noon on Fri day, March 2d, of atrophy of the lungs, after a few d)S sickness. U .,t words lu the Empress were "Tell Frederick, King of Prut aia tu continue attached to Ruaaia as he has hitherto been, and never forget bis lathers last word-.." It is said tint u few days be fore tho Cans death he succeeded in effect ing a complete reconciliation between tbe two eldest suns Alexander und Constantino ho were at variance. Tbe news of the Emperor's death was re. ceived with dem lustrations of joy. Several Theatre managers csme before the curtain and annoniictd the fact, whic.1 wus received in most InetoMcea with lumnltnoui cheering. The Berlin c. urt placed itcl! in meumillg nnd orders wcreissned for the whole Pruaaian nr ny ta wear symbols of mourning lor four weeks, The Emperor of Austria directed in ac knewledgrini nt for services rende red bv Nicholas during the time of his unfortunate tnala, that the Nicholas -regiment of Cuirae eiur shall always preserve the name us Sou vinoirln tho Austrian irmy. Pattia. Thi Police arrested a ballad ting er for chanting verses ditretpectful to the drnd Cltr, Tbe Riraa! an Embassadors announce the new Emperor's accession. A synopsis of Alexander's mtnlftato had been received ria Kouigaburgh, lie is de clared welcome to his empire, lie nays bis only object will be to endeavor to maintain Kussia in the bigbeal standard of power and glory, and will uim to accomplish lbs inces annt wishes of his predecessors, and hopes the zeal of his Mibjee'twill assist him therein. Immeiiislely , n the death of Nichols! be coming known in Paris, orders went su it to Cenrobert to press oa ibe siege ol Bebaatopol w lib tbe utmost vigor. Of Napoleon's departure for the scene of action nothing additional is known, though prcparulinua continued to b made, Tho ft rt meeting of ibe Plenipotentiaries wsa held ut Vienna on the 8th inst. Their debates hud for ite object the fixing of the precise meaning ot the Id ol the guarantee points. The Ruaaian representation was not oretcnt. Further Conferences uro to be held without delay. Gen. Wed.l left Paris on bis return to llei iin, be was said to b the bearer of instruc tions which would insure tho conclusion of a treaty with Prussia ai,d the Western Powers. The Chamber ot Deputies ol Hlutlgtrd vo ted 3,01)0,1100 thalers demanded by th Mihis ter, it was loveeted lormully in the bill of re. commendation, to follow closely on the policy of Austria. Itaiititaliotit of a treaty with Sardinia have been ear-hanged. Dates fruin Hrbaslopi.l to March 6th, reach ed Paria on the Ilk, staling tint oo.uuu Rus sians were ihrealoniiii the English forces st alaklaf. Doiipiet is eadeavorltig to get his corps in the rear nl the enemy with the view of cut ting thren off from reinforcements and becom ing the attacking parly. The weather was very vsriablr at latest dates. a of 200 wijons tueeeeded in en, trring Kobasiopul. Firing continued on butt aidet with mure or les tteadineas during tlx night of the 3ist. The Russians, tl rsw uf an arm.'d redoubt in tbe flank of the fortiflca. nuns nf hebsstopel. and on the night of tin 24th if was attacked and formed, Tbe French screou's of the event ore very contra dictory Menschekwft" sa; a the French wen repuU. d with lite loss of (100 men. Tin whole French accounts claim tbe victory wilt 100 of their men killed. The French like, wise desiioye d the work, srjuud MaUkbaf but with great loss. February Mlb. Nothing new byj occur. ru st Eupstor a Liverpool circulsra are very conlrtdictcry as te their guotaliead of BreaajatelVs. Mrs S's Dennisiowu iuote rlmir H declined i U'beitM Curji -J Od. vVeetern ('aaal leur 33ss39s, Baltimore nnd Philadelphia 37s. 3Us. (Ohio 38sstJ. Wheat, white llfttdelftl red mixed 10s (Ida Ha 31. Corn y How and mixed 40sa4ls&d, whit' -llss4J i A special Co-respondent of ibe London I) it y N.'w., at BalaWsfl on the t!:td says: It is rumored thst Canrnbert has ordered a court lMttlal of an -Hirer high in OofflsMmd in the French Army, aceuse) uf holding treasonable currospotidenre with tbe enemy. It is rumored that Krhamyl in conjunction with the tOftS fa ol iil Mahomed will invaile the t'riinea, by way uf Anapa and Sea u! Azof- A daughter vn born to the Emperor and Eiiir ss of Aus'fis. on tbe tilth. Bwlta rland. A disinrbauee hae broken out in the raii'oii of Tyrno, the difli 'tilty is In tween t lie led rsl Cvnitaissioil and the citi zens of ibe canton . Belg'um. Thu political crisis still contin ues. The country is yet without a ministry. The London tUrning Herald says ihl they have despatches Irom Host excellent au thority stal iug that lilt French Emperor has remonstrated against tho Committee for en quiring into ihe conduct nt the war, and thai! he has said thnt in tho event of tl e commit- lee Continuing tn sit, the armies of the two countries canmt net together, although t.iry I in iy.net for the same object, sin order there- lore to salis'y L-uiis Napoleon without ufTocI- 1 ing the Engli.-b peo,,le, u dissolution will, it is staled on some authority, take place. ! It wns not known whether the recent visit ' : Of Lofd Clarendon to (be Emperor of the French had reference to the above mutter or not. I, r.i LuClin, il was said, bus been denied a court martial. j The ltah.ick committee fetill proceeds w ith ; its investigations. I Another CaflVe war vrac apprehended, and I Government is inking uctive measures to a i vert it if possible. THE BELMONT MIKUNICLE. 'EternrSl hostility to every form of tvr- ti n 11 y over the iiyuil ol Mini." stae Tliurstlay Mitniitig, A pril 5, 1805. I PoOTAOa. It may bo well for us to state I for the benefit of tbe public thu. fiom and after the 1st. Inat., nolottrT Will be carried . .in any U. S. mail unless the postage is pre puiiid. Letter writers may save something hy beunug this in mind. VETOED. CONCORD, March 28. I l!ov. Darslown of WiJcjnsIn has vetoed the pro i.ihiiory liquor law, So, at least nys the Telegraph, and we j presume It is correct. But what a high i handed move is this veto! What is the effect of it! le t us examine it and see. The people, impressed with the great necessi ty ol s Prohibitory Liquor Law elected such r.icu to tlnir legislature as euiVod th 111 to secure such u law. The law being enacted, in steps ibis one man power, with king ly prersgatlve, and says "1 forbid," and the law la a nullity. The hope of thousands is crushed, ami being Op long duferrcd his made I he beu't ick. Thouaandt of poor inebriates looked to1 thai law as the City of tln ir Iteluge from the wiles o' the tempter. Thousands of wives, and children looked to that law as the healer of llu ir woes, and the balm lor all their lioub ' let, They bad bound il about With the flow- 1 'prBol Lopfi und mice mini' in fjney their ! lire-ii!e wore lb ' old time pleasant air. Veora of sin and eorow, ;-uuble and woe haj I fladd uud left the wretch;1 inebriate a he I was before the wily lempter hemmed hint in, and led him from the piths ol virtue lovo and truth. But in a moment) even when hope wan aboii; to he changed to fruition, the I bright dream was dispelled, und all Ilia cll't tering hopes Dung back upon his crushed and . bleeding heart. Ciov. Btrstown could not have realized whut a world ol blissful hopes ' he was nbulliiig out from the heart of lb) drunkard when he vetoed that bill. I'juldho bu' have Conjured up before him a ti the of I ufTering ruin lias caused in tlio Slate of ' Wieeontoni he would have shrank in horror, and withheld not his name. Should the lime ever coma when the no ble Buckeye State shall succeed in getting a good prohibitory law (ami we hope th j lime is nut lur di.-lun) we pray that a (inver nor may not be found reckless enough to dash the hopes ol tilt- thousands now groan- i I ing undor the thraldom of rum, rnuio men an- Un n great, some achli ve greatness, ' And Home inn, greaiuoat tbrusl upon thtm.'1 Ill these three aleatai WO presume we must clasa DUrtell among Ibe latter, ttuce it wus I the good will and pleasure of out fellow citi- j ' zem to sfeeaii us io the office of member of 1 I the lown council, without uur knowledge oil I consent. Being elected, however, without any r 1 - or itatfo.m, wo may slute here, as is customary With persons who are elect ed to plucei ol honor, .rnir or trust, that we j ! have "no friends to rew urd, nor no enemies i to punish." Uur coteuiporariea need not be ' alarmed, aswe shall still continue to exchange w lib them.i "a freely as heretofore, uur eleve- lion not yet having rendered w oblivious oil our former position. P. H We shall slill continue to edit and publish the Chnmicle, and shall always be glud to see our Iriends, und receive any t mount ol new subtcribeis. 'I -- - ' '! 0, O, It. it. Co. The gross earnings of ' i ih. i road lor the six days ending llie 17th of j March, were at follows: From Passengers $3,0jl 10 Mail und Uxprest 625 hi " Freight 3,438 00 Total $7,iig tti The above is better than waa anticipated fur that ttrin, as the recent heavy rains ' caused slips and detentions during thst urns; Inn nuiwilhslandir.g 'he untoward events re- l furred IO, Ibe exhibit shows gratifying pro- gtfai.-jai ZunneiV.v ram in INtanda1, like a kite' to Hy well, depeuds very I Uiuel) ou 'be length uf the talc it bat to carry. Wheeling—Central Ohio Rail Road. We took occasion, some weeks since, to ' notice the very lair offer of Ihe "Hjllimi re 3l Ohio" und "Central Ohio" Companies to ' ihe city of Wheeling. Certainly it waa all nsy, more thnn we mi 'posed would be conceded. T.ie "7Vtns," tbe leading pa per ol the city, counseled its acceptance. Every w hi re it was huiled as the harbinger of abetter era of a Iriendly feeling and extend ed buolntM relation, To our utter surprise and mortilicoton, we learuid that Wheeling refused ibe propos, thin. It seemed so absurd we doublell at lint llie rcporl and declined ite publication, but the proceedings enexed show it has been officially considered by the Directory ol the Central Ohio. We copy Iromllu. MonaaVlUo Courier the resolutions and orders adopted at its luie meeting: We are Informed that, at the meeting of the Hoard of D. rectors of the C. O. R. JR. Co., held on the 23d InOt.i u copy ol t he pro. position of the Prefideuts uf the it. St. O. and C. O. K. K to the city uf VVueelng for the construction ol a bridge acros the Ohio river, and also, 'he correspondence ol the Chair man ol the Wheeling Committee with the Proaidctlte I f the t.vu roads, and with llie withdrawal of the proposition on the part ol the J O. R. R w as presented, ond ufti r consideration, the follow ing preamble, resolu tion and orders were Unanimously adopted; WiiLl'.tis, This Company, since the open ing if tbe Road to the Ohio River, have un -formerly furnished evry focility in their power fur the transmission of freight and passengers to and from Wheeling) nnd tint notwith standing this policy iheaaid city is ii jw an Ideavoring to enforce the Injunction lately granted against ihe Baltimore und Ohio Rail Road Co. i which injunction is under.-toud tu be, and was intended tu be, practically, oper ative against this ( unipany, quite as much I as against the aaid Bajtimore Si Ohio Rail road Co., ind is as odious effort to force t'hii trade and travel, which that city has nut created er a de l in dovel p tig, Irom its short est und least expen-ive r, ute- therefore be it "Rr$0lt(i, That the act ion of the President in making the proposition to the city of Wheeling, upon the si bject of a hi idge cross inn the Ohio River, and a!sr the Withdrawal of aaid proposition, be and tin- same is berebv opproved "Ordered1, That the ex-Committee be au thorized to employ special counsel to take tuoh proceeding! as the Conetit ition and laws ol the United States 'hall justify, to pro tect this Company from the injurious results j ol the hostility of ibe city of Wheeling. "Ordered, That the President he authorized to inquire and report at the next meeting o' the Board, what amount uf available ,iock subscription can be obtained for the Construe . tion of a branch of this road to a point op posite MuUtldlVillc, ill Marshall county Vir ginia. "Ordered That the Superintendent be nu thorined lu have the boat In the employ of the Company on the Ohio River, extend its trips in connection With i no of the prsienger trains in Mnundaville, in Virginia. "Ordtrfid, That the superintendent be au thorized on consultation with the ex-commit lee, to establish rates of ptssenger fare (on the round trip ticket) from any pointaon the roads Call of and inclusive of Millwood to Xauesville and return, as low as from any of such points to Wheeling and return, und also that for partios availing themselves of such ar rangement, the freights bo equulized curres pondingly." The necessity that imposed such action is deeply to be regretted. The citizens of Wheeling' must know that this uttsiupt tu Ut; blu. h ifnrtt upon tttu HOIgUl sua navel of Ohio will not be advocacy of its Suspen sion Itrid ;e, and will estrange u valuable business which her position should give her Irom this side of the river. Tho resolutions, indeed, wata Offered by the members of the II i ml Irom Belmont, und we are assured that along the whole lino of the road u very gnolcaiant atale vf feeling exists. We do I ,',-nnyc? that ihe City Council of Wheeling: will N)v"jnief its action, nnd that this vexed j question may be Jui'v and amicably adjusted j It is very true that Wheeling may throw tern pnrary obstaclea in llie tvny. .''id occasion both roads considerab'e iuconve'ence. Hut where there is a will iheiu is a way, t.ml that ' way, let us add, ducidedly morn practical)!." I and eaty than Wheeling urny imagine. 0 ' 8, Journal. QooD kob Mit, BHUaK. The California I Legislature, at its present session, invited nj Mormon elder to participate in the devotion- I ul exercisus ol the morning openings. Rev. ! J. L. Shuck, the llaptist minister ut Sacra mento, wrote (he following rebuke lo tbe Legislature. He says: "I am precluded from accepting the InvltBtlOjl you have extended, I rt1 in Ibe fuel of the Assembly's having by a large vote acknowledged the Christianity ol that daring Imposture of systematized li cenliourness cai'sd Mormon lam and with it or its 'elders' I can have no rulipn ms affinity, sympathy, fraternity, or intercoune, I claim I for myself, Individually, no superiority in I righteoutneta over other men; but, as a chris tian minister. I do claim lor Christianity a I soperiorily over every other religious rystein; and us to Mormeiiisin itscll, I regurd it as a i dishonor to the one living and true (iod, l libel upon t'hriatianity a disgrace to the phi losophy of human progress, and a bold In I suit to t lie intelligence of tbe century." Oir-'1'1"' r-.oli.nt ol ihe New-York Times says that a part of the Soule corn's- pondence was net sent tu Congress by the 1 Fresld'Oti and that this purl reveals tbe fact! that Mr. Perry, Secretary of Legation at M i- I di id, Complaining, in a letter to Mr. Miii, thu' Mr, Boule Wilfully neglected to secure an amicable adjustment ol the Black War rior affair, and that he himself could have ar ranged llie mutter in precise accordance with the instruction., from Ibe Administration, du- ring ihe ab-enee of Mr.Soule, but he was forbidden by thai gentleman' to comiuunicaie with the Spanish Ciovernineiu in relation tu thu mailer. MISSOURI ELECTION. CiiU'AU'i, March II, A disnateh from Weston, Mo., saya tbe pro-all very ticket on llie North sale of the Kansas, is elected by a , thousand majority. There was no opposition to Ihe pro-slsviry ticket in It or, Oak and Atchison precincts. RECRUITING. Nkw i ohk, March 31st. Il ta staled that ihe U. S. Marshal ol ' PhiiatV Iphi t this morn-1 ing arrested an officer u' the Uritiah Army in thu city 'or having been engaged in tbe re-' cruilinir servica u1' furoivu nawer. m r.-.... . A great change in life is like a old bilh in w inter -w e ull hesitsto it tbe first lunrje. A Contrast--"Comly Between States"— An Abolitionit Rode on a Rail. Correspondence of he N. Y. Daily Times. Greensboro, Qan mndayi March 18, '04. Tin re wins ditfrteful mob here on Salur- dsy, il.a 17th. I wn attacked by a crowd an the principal stieci. On drawing near, I saw a young man of bout 22 years standi nj; lu the midst if the crwd. They were ask ing hil name w hich i appeared he declined giving. I inquired i s bystander what the PtCltemeUt was. II informed me the youne "hud dei larid himsell nu Ahslitiouist, and il not agreeing w ith tin sentiments of ll e peo ple, they hud a Hotioi to mob him." II ' w as told to leave the )ucq, but he declined. Some said, "Hang bin!" "Tar and feather him!" Rule him on a rail!" Others, more modi rute, proposed to 'end him from town All were in favor of lis leaving; anil those that were the (eael excited advised him lo leave, lie wns asked where be was from; be answered, "Massmbusctts." 1 saw him leave the crowd, and go V the I hotel. Soon he came oul and wulked pist the crowd, go ng in tic direction of the de- ! pot. The leader of the mob, vho(l wsttold) was the Sheriff, swore he anou'd not leave ! the tow n, and w ent in chasf pi him, tallow ed by several others. Not knowing what they might do, I coucladed to follow, aid if I could be ul ui v servicr to tender it, be ap pearing to be a strang.r as veil oa myself. I On my w ay I passed some young ladies , students uf tho Female College. They In qui red what was the matter. I answered, "They ssy I here is an Abolitionist in town." Berne exclaimed, "Tar and feather him!'1 Others, "Hide him on a rai'!" I passed on, and found him in trout of a minister's dwell ing. As soon as 1 srriv.i', I lo'd ibe leader I wished to speak with nfl a moment He aaid, "if it was a 'unlit that ifrn, he would not hear it.1' At this point til man broke, and they after him. He jumped! p!cket fence, and entered a dwelling hnus,went upstairs, and hid himself in a watdrotl They search ed the house a long I' rot be fee he Wl found. I tried to reason with some, persuading them to give it tip and let him go. Hut they were 1 10 excited, I did nut ki.o.v but they would lynch nu , it I said much moo. i I went up town, and tool the mob came ' back, making ull sorts of hid uus noises, with their prisoner on a rail, csried by negroes. I The Sheriff drew his pistol and would have shot him if e had not interfered. Alter gel ling in town they had a liegriibtiok the pris oner's face. Some said "putin vinegar and I nitrate of ellver," etc, After, blacking him, I be was sold at Auctiut.. llov much he bro'l - I can't loll, us I did not hear ihfl bldl, but heard them crying him off w Isle I w as at tea. The mob louk him tu a drinhing saloon, and had the niggers bugging unAkissing him He bore it like a martyr Tbcy said they i would kill him If he resisted. A search war I rant was procured to search bis baggage, to ! see if he had any Abolition documents, and all that wns fount ony way tuap'elout were ' three copies of the New V. rk Tribune. j While et the drinking suluon, they indul i ged quite Ireely, uud. -unit got inuru then they could beur. i, The second in command of tb;s mob was a flOtury hand, nnd, I should judge, a very poor one, who never owned a negro, and more, never will, if one may judge from hie ragged appearance, The cars left at II o'clock in the evening, and he wus put un board and tent to Augusta. While ut Jhe depot the Sheriff and Marshal had a fight, and thus en ded tblf disgraceful mob of Greensboro. Baltimore M. E. Conference. The labors of the Methodist Cunlercnce in Baltimore closed on the 3l' of March, alter being in session thirteen days. The amount raised within the buuncls of llie Conference during Ihe past year fur missionary purposes wae 9il8i4M, Total increase df membership during the past year, 1,350, of which 1,075 were whites and ",71 colored. The minis ters of ill" Conference subscribed $1,600 for the Female Institute at Staunton, and 3,000 for llie benefit ol the DickinBen College, The venerable llislmp Waugl presided and the l altiinore American Bay Bishop Woughyeeteri,'ay delivered the clo sing mil' ress, in which he exhorted the youcg cr members ol the Conference to great ener gy, especially in their pastorul duties not tu forget the poor. lie Was deeply affected una .."counted llio years of his connection with the 2,v,liiinorc Conference with which he wus asaociai'j'' '" ,lU young" lli,ys- ni for which ne still tail. " pretjiinco. Bishop Waugh is now in the autu."-Wio und his form iroinbleiandcr the weight voare.whlle his health ia bruken. During hU ri.'''''4 the most perfect stillness prevailed in lu church, and ull w rre eager tu catch the w ords of ibis faithful father in Israel. Reciprocity Act—Proclamation. The President issued his Proclamation on the Mlh of March, 1855, declaring ihit the following articles, being the (jrowlb produce of the provinces of Canada, New Rrurewick, Nova Beetle, und Prince Edward's Island, shall bo introduced inte the United States lreeofduly.su long as the treaty between the United Slates and Great Britain, uf June bih, 1854, : h.. ii remain in forap, oubject, how ever, to be suspended in relation to tbe trade to Canada, an the condition mentioned in llie fourth article of the said treaty; to wit: tin in, flour, and breadslull'i ol nil kinds; animate of all kinds; fresh, smoked, an I salt ed taeuts; cultun-wuol; seeds aa vegetables; M...i.;.a f i:ii-, Jrted friM-l-egfi.f alt kliitt products of tih and ull other creutores living in the water; poultry; eggs; hides, furs, t-kins, or tails undressed; stune or marble in i'i crude or un wrought stale; alate; butter, cheese, tulluw; lard; burns; imnures; ores of metals of ull kinds; coal; pitch, la', turpen tine; ashes; timber and lumbei or all kinds, round, hewed, und sawed, unminuliietured in whule ur in part; firewood, plai ts, shrubs, and treea; pelts; wool; fish oil; rice: broom-corn and bark; gypsum, ground or onground; hewn or wrought or unwrought burr ur grind stones; dye-stuffs; tlux, hemp, snd tow, un manufactured; unmanufactured tobacco; and rugs. Death or Ex-8enatob Piki.is It is w th sincere regr t that we itceited last e Vening, by a te'egraphx dispiecll, informs tion of the death of llie Hot. Samuel S. I'm Lie, lute and for many years Senator ia Cnngresa from tbe State ot Vermont. He w as an ubls man, a clear-headed constitution al lawyer, a close reusoner, and ol a readiuess of wit and playfulness of mind which delight ed the social circle. He died tthii residence in Middlebury on Sunday lust, ;.-d about Af-ly-five years. A'ul. lidelligtncr. The only prsise that ought tjbe relied on, comes from compeleut judges tithoul temp tation tu Hatter. Capital Punishment. A bill to abolish Capital Punishment hnf been reported to our Aiaembly; but we pre sume the pressure of business will furnish a HllBclenl excuse for leaving it un cted on Yot he subject is one of lur wider Import anee thin many of either the advocates or opponents nt Hanging Imagine, It is mil the few wretches whom the Gallows deprives Ol life, but the many whose moral perception it darkens and depri ve- to whom it leache the niorHlity of evil lor evil and Vengeance fof wrong for WtlMOeeakO we mainly d snu its aboil inn, and iisk our rei Jers lo pombr tbe following facts: The Slates of Msixt and Vermont virtu ally uhol shed the (jsllows many years ago. ; But one mar has since been hung in Maine, and none in Vermont. And the recollection of our readers will boat w itness with ours that no portion of tin Union is more moral or more exempt from sanguinary crime than those two St ilea. The chiunpior. of Hang ing is welcome to nu intstn that thtlf moral ity is ciiuse ur consequence of the if diu-eof llie (i allows, as be shall see fit. Michigan was the pioneer State of the Fr e West In the abolition of Hanging. Bight years ago her Legislators eracled its down fall. Immediately thereafter, atreiiu ms ef forts were made to i estore It impelled we : regret to say, by clergymen. But they di I not prevail, and the S'ate has never recoil ed from her advance movement. During the eight years in which her luwshnve utterly ig nored the rule of blood for blood, her popula tion hat averaged some Four Hundred Thou 1 sand; it is in w over Half a Million. Fifteen lives have been feloniously taken within her 'jurisdiction during these eight yenrt; or, at Ihe rate of one per annum for every 'J 1 3 000 of population. In thai CKyt ihe aum oar of human lives feloniously taken exceeds in each year tboae thus taken in Michig.in.with ; a population nearly equal to that of oui City, in the entire periud of e;ght years. And Michigan, though she ha but one large city, has a very full share of Foreign b rn and of ; rude border population miners, pioneers, ietferlng men, Sic We think these facts clearly ebtiblish the' lafttjfut aboli.-hlng the Hallow-. We do not suppose that men will wholiy cease to kill where the Slate ceaaet to hang; we only in sist that no more murders occur because of this abstinence from legal blood-thcdding. And if it be safe to leave man-killing to fel ons, who would n it preler to httve his cbtl dien grow up where the air is never polluted by the spectacle of a gallows bearing its hor rible fruit where the lesson of revenge il never taught by the legal exaction of life for life! The iate Election changed llie political as cendancy in Michigan turned out the pur'y w hich had abolish 'd the gtllowe, and instal led their old adversaries, from Whole ranks the cry for a restoration of legal homicide had mainly if n It wholly arisen. A leading Whig bid i tor thereupon raised the standard of repeal of the humane and humanizing sta tute. But it met with no response from the People nor from the Leg'slature' Not even a show of support for the moment could be got un in either House no report in its fa vor not even a bill. We believe one Sena tor and five Representatives wore t he full extent ot the lorce that, could have been mustered for Rope I had there been anybody to lead tbe forlorn hope. Bui the project fell still-born; und we presume there will ne ver again be a serious effort mailt in Michi gan for the restoration of the Callows: In Indiana, a recent Legislature guve lo each Jurv in a capital esse the power of ad judging u convict to the Callows or the State lrn.oi in avrtfJ .liny should lilt HO, proper. We haven't yet heard of any one sentenced to be bung under this rule, and do not expect to. We do net approve ol this mode of pitching tbe old machine uverbuaid, but none can doubt tbut it indicates the set ut tho current N. Y. Tribune. Nnwar-APifte Judge Longatreet, whose views on all subjects are sensible, Jpnctical, and worth treasuring up, thus sets forth the vu hie of a newspaper: "Small is the sum thut is required lo p.v rouine n nowepaper, and moat mn; ly remu nerated is the patron. I care not bow hum ble and unpretending the gazette which he ' takes, il is next to impossible to fill u sheet ' fifty-two times in a year, w ithout potting into it lomething that is worth the subscrip tion price1 Every parent whose son is off i fr nu him at school should be supplied witli a paper. I well remember what n difference t there wss between those of my schoolmate! who bud and those who had not access to 'newspapers. Other things being equul, tho first were always decidedly superior to the latt i" debate aad composition u. least. Tbf ratal " it plain; they had command of more lacts. Vouth will peruse a newspaper with delight when they will reud nothing else." From the San Francisco Herald. Division of California—The New State of Columbus. ASSEMBLY, February 27. By Mr. Hunt: ''An Act to create a new Stute uut of tho Territory of California.' (A very lengthy and animated debate ensued on the introduction of this bill. Mr. f.teven son moved, before the bill was read, that the whole matter be indefinitely postponed.) Tbe provisions ol the bill are substantially i these: The new Slate is to be culled the "Slate uf Culumbia," and is lo embrace all Sm f-r l the il .... O.'uili, i,J hlutuOlVO, UT the counties ol Santa Cruz, S nun Claral'u olumne uui Calaveras. A portion of the pre sol Slute debt is to be assumed by tbe new Stale on an equitable bus s. The bill wus ordered tu Le printed. The Wheat ('roi The Messenger, pub lished at Ilium, bah Missouri, learns Irum lar mers that the prospects lor s good wheat crop throughout northern Missouri are more prom ising than they have been for some years past In Illinois ihe prospects for an abun dant wheat crop are also good. We learn from tbe Alton Courier, the editor ot which paper hu recently made a trip across the i .iuti.il portion of Illinois, that, "however short ike crops might have been last year, it has not deterred the farmers of the Stute from seising every portion of favorable lime during Ihe fall for towing their wheal, and the re sult shows that there are at lean twenty per cent, more acrea now in wheal than in any previousyear. The weather bas been excee dingly favorable, and if we should be blessed with our ordinary spring, Illinois will have an amount of wealth injthal single crop which it would be difficult to estimate." Convince a wise niau of his error, and he will thank yuu, convince a fool, and he may intuit yuu. ; Divinity and Tobacco. A Methodist clergyman, a member of the conference lately in cession at Baltimore, i ststed thut by a careful calculation as to the I amount of money exp nl-d uniuiHy fof tuba- I co by preachete of t'.tat o in am e, i o figur d i ihe sTIi ut .110011 a sum sufficient to amply il support two micalotiarlee in China, The preacher in charge of the monument street church sai l, that he hud spittoons pre- j pared lor use, in order to protect Ihe huil- i iling from tbe Althinctl of ihe wcei1. one clergyman claimed that tho u e oft ibuco hud been beiielici.il lo hut , but II shop Waugh I said, "he could not see how ai y member of the Conference could assert that iheiliewing nf tobacco did hlmzga id." The New York Commercial says: There is a large room in thii cily where I clergymen congregate weekly, Which room ii statcd y us, d lor other purpo es, in I the floor is left by the clergymen in such a filthy condition by the use of tobacco, that at I lie j close of the clerical session, a woman enters with a bru-h and pail to make it fit for the ( meeting of the gentleman whi s'a'ed'y OCCli py ' The Legislature of Massachusetts, it Wo d seem, bus i ore regurd for their State House, than the Baltimore Conference has for the ' Holy Templee," dedicated lo the worship of Almighty God, for while tlies.dd Legislature has instructed the Sergeant st Arms to pre- vent smoking upon the State House premis es, and has removed tobacco and snuffboxes from their eh ambers, tin said Conference, by an overwhelming majority, refus d to take any steps towards tilt Corre lion ' Ithe d'rly pr.ictice so Immoderately indulgid In by their preachers. The Boston Alias thus paro ' es upon this inttteBaC00 inOVeinitH o! the Bay State So lon: "O now forever. Farewell the tranquil qui. I! f irew. II tbe puff, farewell the finely BUI and the hi pltnpi Thai made a'libiti in easy! O farewell, Farewell the neighing ineeae, and the iu ill trump." YX., i.c. , CUvjUhJ Herald. BRITISH RECRUITS ARRESTED. A warrant wit issud ut Philadelphia on , Wednesday morning by Cummissioiier Hoz II tl, ul the instance of the United Stutes Dis trict Attorney , and placed ill the hands of the. United States Marshal, Mr. Wl hkoop, fori the arrest of certain parties engaged in en- listing recruits for a foreign nutien with which tho United Slates is now ul peace. , Marehel Wynkoop, assisted by bis deputlee went to the wharf ot which the vessel ley which waa to heve conveyed the rccru'us o New York, and Deputy Marsha! Jenkins was pit cod on board. The ateamer M. Ban ford started with the recruits, thirteen ill number, und when opposite tbe navy yard wus stop ped by order ot Deputy Marshal Jenkins until Marshal Wynkoop und his lissttntl could arrive ueidi of h-r 'n uteam-lug. She was not permitted to approach the shore. Mir-' shel Wynkoop speedily arrived and took into CUttody the entire p r:v, together with an Englishman who bad them in charge, and at about on o'clock brought them before .he j Commiesioner for a hearing; und at about halt-pa.-t 1 o'clock thirteen others were brought in. District Attorney VaKPVKE read the sec ond section ol llie ucl of Cungrett oftl8i7; and, after reading it, he charged the defend ants with hiring pertont to enlist men for u 1 loreign service, uller Ihev should get beyond -t 'ho limits of tbe United States. He said thst i for this purpo a , a ,'endeiVOUS had neon open-1 cd in South third street, where the ur'inge inent wus explained to them. Some were employed to work on the railroads and mines I but when they should arrive at Nova Scotia they were lo go into burracks; thut Commis sions for captains, lieutenants, &.C had been promised by Mr. Perkins und others tu sev- ' erul persons un condition thut they procured I a certain number Ol men to enlist. Several cargoes of men had already been ?ent aw ay. He presumed that the defendants acted un der the advice and protection of some one I who might be considered a foreign Power it self. Several ol the men were then exatrin ed and stated the facts ol their enlistment, the promises held out of commissions, bounty, etc. The Commissioner then held Messrs. Her., Boseebart, Budd, and Perkins in 9, 000 each to uppearon Saturday morning next for a lurther hearing. The thirteen recruits taken from on board iho steamer were held to testily. Correspondence of Baltimore American. I Ah Excellent Isvemtiox. Mr. Edwards Campbell, ol Columbus, Ohio, bus made ap plication for a new patent for a new inven tion that we regard of very g'reut utility and j importance. It is a process of making a bond of union hstween cast iron at a voryhigh temperature and 'gluts in a atate of fusion. The purpose to which Mr. Campbell has ap plied tbia invention, and with which it is as- oj-iuCd in iiis cli.i n, is that of in king of glass I the inu''?,iur of ibe boxes in which the axles I o die wheels of carriages and machinery are to relolve. The cdvaatagea of glass for this , , purpose have, long been 'indertood, but we ! , belitve a means of applying 'l lias not here I tofure been known. It retains a tmooth iiurfico, nnd wears but little by friction, and! greoter uceuruiy can therefore be preterved; 1 it requir s but little lubrica'ion.as its temper-1 ! ature it not materially increased by the fric-' tion that would render any of the metals in- I tensely hut: it is economical, costing even I less then cast iron; and, from all these cause', it is a safer reliance than other agencies. I The tests tu which the specimen we have seen lias been snojected at once convinced 1 us thut glass thus embeded in iron could tus- j tain ex'raordinary pressure nnd tho mist; powerful b'oWV but a doubl arose in relutiun l i the inequality in the contraction and ex pension of the twj metals, by sudden changes in their temperature. Iron, however, expan.is' and contracts by heat far more than gl tss, 1 and ihe casl-iron box, being expanded to its utmost when the gluss congeals, all its after tendency by this means mu.t necessarily be I to embrace the glass within it; and this glass i being in the form of an arch, with its busts snd apex both embraced by the iron, it can1 yielJ to no power that is not capable of lit- erally crushing il to powder. i Mr- Cu npbell utTirms that he can at once proceed to the manufacture of those b x -s, ol ull sizes, fruin the fourth of an inch to liventy inches in diameter. They will no d- hi bejirmpily brought inti ms tor all kinds , of machinery and carriages; but it is upon the j railroad thut their advantiget will be m nt highly appreciated, tor it it there that hu-1 mr.n life must dependsupon the accuracy and reliability of every part of the siructu e in w hich we journey at such luriuus speed. ffjt. Intel. w jj NOTICE IS hereby given to those who may be de lirout of undertaking the building ef a Meet in. House in Unieatnwn for the Aceeciete Reform Church. Proposals for building said Church will be received on the 7th day of April at the old Union Church et l!l o'clock on said day, w lien llie matter will be taken Into consideration 10 to the amount of material tu be Used out ifaild old church Inconatruetlng the new4.' The houoi to be frame, to by .00 feet, and the 'indortuker ti. furnish llieir uA'u material, Wm. Shah e, W'm. CattrWILt, AaORBW Walker, Wm. Rosa, Building Com. E. Balls, Thus, CLi.Eiirson, Wm. Tayloc. M ireb 24th, 1555. 034) over not Win-ton has isiued a proc lamation setting apart the 7th day of April next as a day of humiliation and prayer 'o o observed hy the peofle uf Alabama. The Governor says: ' It well becomes every ane w hose political lot has been caOt in this lection ot the Union, to examine prayerfully ihe end tu which the political fanaticism of llie North is to rapidly tending, and to im plore Himwho endued th! g:ern nvu, tho fat here of our Repnlic, with lor.itr.de, patri Dtiem and wisdom lo conduct our infant peo ple through the difficulties of llie revolutiun ury etrugge, and the eetabllehment ofu Con tltutlanal Government, to enable m to be. r ourselves in whatever emergency we may be placed, so as not to rcll .-cl -disgrace on our uncestors." The Governor might havn found a more appropriate theme for a fust had he turnel lo the Bible. '7','ii's is the fust that I have cho sen," said God, th ough Isaiah, "that ye brttt'i tvery iole and let the oppressed go free." OirDi laware, it Will be remembered, has p.ssjd quite astringent pruhibitory law When the fate of the bill hung in a ispense, u successful appeal was made by at inebri utc. Reud it, ye advocates of the largest liberty, and remember Ti e most convincing argument in favorof prohibit!! n thai we have ever heard, is said to have been made to a member in the State Senate of Delaware, during the pending of the Prohibitory uill before that body. A man uf notoriously i cmpor tj hub'". a said lo the honorable member, (who it wat thought held the Ufa or deulh of the bill at his will ) 'suppuse, Mr. , a vetCt'l wag nut in the Bay, in a sinking c. mdition, with a large number of persons on, without boats or any other means ol 'escape, and you had tbe only boat aad the only meant of escape, and w tboiit your assistance they must perish, mid you could save them without. cnJanger n your own life, would you do it!' 'Cert, inly I would I should be inhuman to d i otherwise!" "Well, 'aaid he, I, and there are bund ei of olbett like me that have liecotne such crea tures o! habit, that we hive not ihe hi in to try to save oureelvee you can by your vjU in the Senate help us. Will you do ill' This appeal was said lo be more convin cing than r di zen sueb lectures would have been from Te .iperance m"n; and the honor able geiltlei.intl's mind was more firmly fixed iii luvorof ibe bill than it had ever been be fore. The geullein iu did vote for this bill, and it has become a law. In few nioutns that poor iuebriate, with hundreds of others, their wives und children v lil have the shield of law lor their protection. May Go I protect the right. ("CTlie re-ult ol the late cenuus of Kan sas demonstrates .'hat there were not as ma ny settlers in the territory us there were votes at the election of delegates to Con gress. This luct establishes beyond all doubt the outrageous frauds that were practised by people irom Missouri, Tin; tamo game will be pracii.-ed ut the election of members of the legislature, this spring. We are glad lo see that Gov. ReBDER is doing all he can to prevent these frauds. It is slated in a let ter from Leavenworth, to the N. Y. Tribune that the Governor has declared his determi nation that this election thill be lajrly held, er no ejection ol all, that ia, he will withhold his certificate of election from a men whore it is prove d that they were ele.tdh such im ported votes. We trust this moy Jbe true, ond that ha will act as becomes an honest American cit izen, in this emergency. The freeman of the land will sustain him in his efforts to re pel the impertinent and arrogant interfer ence of thee." slavery minions und tools of Atchison, I ouglua unit Co. Let these men remember the character of the next House ol R prcsentatlves, at Washington. THE SLAVE ROSETTA. CINCINNATI, April 2. The U. S. .Marshall was committed to jail to-day for contempt of court ia having refu sed to produce the sluve R isetta before Judge Parker. It was then found that Ruseltu had been tiken from jail undsecretel. The re port reached here this evening that a large number of armed men were coining down to night Irom Muysville, to lake her by force lo Jfoutucky. but ia nut generally believed. The ibienCC of "he girl from jail is causing ruuch excitement. Another Female Demonstration Against Liquor. i ,n- iitcuii ofin arji g'vrs uie .ouowing account of a "brandy stnasl ," got up by the lulies il Howeli a week or so ugo: It seems thai the husband of one of the la d es of that viilage was formerly n very hard drinker ai times a continued as', abusive to his family, and an object of regret to all his friends and BCeM ntanc.es, but who, when ev ber, is a man of talents and respectability, has been trying lor h few months pan tore form. He had stood firm for some time, but one day or rather night, last week, he went h me intoxicated. It is afiirned that he w. a urged and especially invtad to drink, at first in 'm the specious plea thai he needed a lit tle for his health, at tie gr-:iry where tha flow of spirits" occurred. The whole con J unity were exasperated, and about thirty females o-Ue.i to make a descent upon Ihe ru:n-hule,nnd enforce by strength what could not be done by law or reusou. They sreor J ugly armed tl.emsclves, and wall u I into 1 Die giocery and proceeded to knock out the heads of whiskey bam Is, break jugs, decan ters, Sic, without ceremony. When they Il id accsmpliihed the feat of deitro'ing all the liquor in tbe grocery, they coolly tent warning io the other gruceries that the traf fic mutl nop.