OCR Interpretation

Belmont chronicle. [volume] (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 1855-1973, April 05, 1855, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85026241/1855-04-05/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

NEW YORK, March 27.
The AtlaYitio arrived With d lei tu ihe
Brown A Shipley reports that cotton be
gan active, but Tell off and closed tamo at
barely advance.
Manchester trsih- better. Bread-luffs dull
t 3d decline; Whent Is.; flour la Corn,
Daring reports, I, inJoo, generally fsir bus)
noes. Iron q ilct,
American , took.- quiet and unefaingcd.
Monty , ier.
The Emperor Alexander second litii suc
ceeded peaceably to tbe Itn-tian throne, IN
hue issued m manifesto !f a t i ty that Te will
adhre tothepiliey of bis father Nicholas
Constmtine and the other mythcrs and itffl
cors have taken oaths of allegiance. Alex
ander hag confirmed lb ' diploifl.it ist. Gurts
chakoffin the previous Instructions to nego
tiate nnd the ti rat preliminary Conference
has been nt Vicuna. NlthoUl hid re-called
Menchikoff and appointed Gen. Gortachskoff
chief in coinninnd, nnd O-lciisucken second
Alexander bad appointed (ienl. Hudimer
minister of War.
The fHlel hid ordered llietr Generals to
press forw ard tbe war.
There Ins be. n nor 0gbt!ng in t!,e Cii
mea. The French stonm-d a redoubt, skill
fully erected by the Ruial.tl during the
night, several hundred were kll'rd.
It it rumored that the Grand Duke M.uhi
e! is wou ide I or d'- id at Sebastupul.
UrgO force f Ruisltm threatens D tla-
Tbe blockade ol the I) nub" Is rail d.
Brousaa was destroyed with moat of thU
inhabitants by an earthquake.
A speck of disagreem -nt, had arisen be
tween Napoleon and England. Napoleon
aaid the armies should n t act together if R -buck's
aeniniitteo proceeded. Lord (Claren
don went by ex proa to Boulogne to ! made
matters straight, meantime the committee
proceeds but it is thought Parliament will be
The difficult lea nre serious in Tlcllio Swit
zerland. The Belgium crisis continues.
Tbe King of Denmark is sick.
Mi'ligau reportt Kales of 7,111)0 balei el
cotton; fair Orleana A. middling 61, fair up
lands 5J, middling 4 7-8. Prices advanced
i, market opened with a good demand, but
fell off toward the cl .s. Flour, western ca
nal 38s, OhW tils. Com, yellow -1 1 h. u hi'.
Tbe tl it.tic left Liverpool at 2 o'clock P,
M., on the 10th, and arrived off light shif
about midnight but did not come in until
daylight. She experienced westerly galui
during the entire passage, brings 71 pissem
gers amongst them aro Archbiahop tlughei,
Bishop Newman, &c Atlantic arrived oul
ut Liverpool on the 4th.
The Czar expired skortly after noon on Fri
day, March 2d, of atrophy of the lungs, after
a few d)S sickness. U .,t words lu the
Empress were "Tell Frederick, King of Prut
aia tu continue attached to Ruaaia as he has
hitherto been, and never forget bis lathers
last word-.." It is said tint u few days be
fore tho Cans death he succeeded in effect
ing a complete reconciliation between tbe
two eldest suns Alexander und Constantino
ho were at variance.
Tbe news of the Emperor's death was re.
ceived with dem lustrations of joy. Several
Theatre managers csme before the curtain
and annoniictd the fact, whic.1 wus received
in most InetoMcea with lumnltnoui cheering.
The Berlin c. urt placed itcl! in meumillg
nnd orders wcreissned for the whole Pruaaian
nr ny ta wear symbols of mourning lor four
The Emperor of Austria directed in ac
knewledgrini nt for services rende red bv
Nicholas during the time of his unfortunate
tnala, that the Nicholas -regiment of Cuirae
eiur shall always preserve the name us Sou
vinoirln tho Austrian irmy.
Pattia. Thi Police arrested a ballad ting
er for chanting verses ditretpectful to the
drnd Cltr,
Tbe Riraa! an Embassadors announce the
new Emperor's accession.
A synopsis of Alexander's mtnlftato had
been received ria Kouigaburgh, lie is de
clared welcome to his empire, lie nays bis
only object will be to endeavor to maintain
Kussia in the bigbeal standard of power and
glory, and will uim to accomplish lbs inces
annt wishes of his predecessors, and hopes the
zeal of his Mibjee'twill assist him therein.
Immeiiislely , n the death of Nichols! be
coming known in Paris, orders went su it to
Cenrobert to press oa ibe siege ol Bebaatopol
w lib tbe utmost vigor.
Of Napoleon's departure for the scene of
action nothing additional is known, though
prcparulinua continued to b made,
Tho ft rt meeting of ibe Plenipotentiaries
wsa held ut Vienna on the 8th inst. Their
debates hud for ite object the fixing of the
precise meaning ot the Id ol the guarantee
points. The Ruaaian representation was not
oretcnt. Further Conferences uro to be held
without delay.
Gen. Wed.l left Paris on bis return to llei
iin, be was said to b the bearer of instruc
tions which would insure tho conclusion of a
treaty with Prussia ai,d the Western Powers.
The Chamber ot Deputies ol Hlutlgtrd vo
ted 3,01)0,1100 thalers demanded by th Mihis
ter, it was loveeted lormully in the bill of re.
commendation, to follow closely on the policy
of Austria.
Itaiititaliotit of a treaty with Sardinia have
been ear-hanged.
Dates fruin Hrbaslopi.l to March 6th, reach
ed Paria on the Ilk, staling tint oo.uuu Rus
sians were ihrealoniiii the English forces st
Doiipiet is eadeavorltig to get his corps in
the rear nl the enemy with the view of cut
ting thren off from reinforcements and becom
ing the attacking parly.
The weather was very vsriablr at latest
a of 200 wijons tueeeeded in en,
trring Kobasiopul. Firing continued on butt
aidet with mure or les tteadineas during tlx
night of the 3ist. The Russians, tl rsw uf
an arm.'d redoubt in tbe flank of the fortiflca.
nuns nf hebsstopel. and on the night of tin
24th if was attacked and formed, Tbe
French screou's of the event ore very contra
dictory Menschekwft" sa; a the French wen
repuU. d with lite loss of (100 men. Tin
whole French accounts claim tbe victory wilt
100 of their men killed. The French like,
wise desiioye d the work, srjuud MaUkbaf
but with great loss.
February Mlb. Nothing new byj occur.
ru st Eupstor a
Liverpool circulsra are very conlrtdictcry
as te their guotaliead of BreaajatelVs. Mrs
S's Dennisiowu iuote rlmir H declined i
U'beitM Curji -J Od. vVeetern ('aaal leur
33ss39s, Baltimore nnd Philadelphia 37s. 3Us.
(Ohio 38sstJ. Wheat, white llfttdelftl
red mixed 10s (Ida Ha 31. Corn y How and
mixed 40sa4ls&d, whit' -llss4J
i A special Co-respondent of ibe London I) it
y N.'w., at BalaWsfl on the t!:td says: It
is rumored thst Canrnbert has ordered a court
lMttlal of an -Hirer high in OofflsMmd in the
French Army, aceuse) uf holding treasonable
currospotidenre with tbe enemy.
It is rumored that Krhamyl in conjunction
with the tOftS fa ol iil Mahomed will invaile
the t'riinea, by way uf Anapa and Sea u!
A daughter vn born to the Emperor and
Eiiir ss of Aus'fis. on tbe tilth.
Bwlta rland. A disinrbauee hae broken
out in the raii'oii of Tyrno, the difli 'tilty is
In tween t lie led rsl Cvnitaissioil and the citi
zens of ibe canton .
Belg'um. Thu political crisis still contin
ues. The country is yet without a ministry.
The London tUrning Herald says ihl
they have despatches Irom Host excellent au
thority stal iug that lilt French Emperor has
remonstrated against tho Committee for en
quiring into ihe conduct nt the war, and thai!
he has said thnt in tho event of tl e commit-
lee Continuing tn sit, the armies of the two
countries canmt net together, although t.iry I
in iy.net for the same object, sin order there-
lore to salis'y L-uiis Napoleon without ufTocI- 1
ing the Engli.-b peo,,le, u dissolution will, it
is staled on some authority, take place.
! It wns not known whether the recent visit '
: Of Lofd Clarendon to (be Emperor of the
French had reference to the above mutter or
I, r.i LuClin, il was said, bus been denied a
court martial.
j The ltah.ick committee fetill proceeds w ith
; its investigations.
I Another CaflVe war vrac apprehended, and
I Government is inking uctive measures to a
i vert it if possible.
'EternrSl hostility to every form of tvr-
ti n 11 y over the iiyuil ol Mini."
Tliurstlay Mitniitig, A pril 5, 1805.
I PoOTAOa. It may bo well for us to state
I for the benefit of tbe public thu. fiom and
after the 1st. Inat., nolottrT Will be carried
. .in any U. S. mail unless the postage is pre
puiiid. Letter writers may save something
hy beunug this in mind.
CONCORD, March 28.
I l!ov. Darslown of WiJcjnsIn has vetoed the pro
i.ihiiory liquor law,
So, at least nys the Telegraph, and we
j presume It is correct. But what a high
i handed move is this veto! What is the
effect of it! le t us examine it and see.
The people, impressed with the great necessi
ty ol s Prohibitory Liquor Law elected
such r.icu to tlnir legislature as euiVod
th 111 to secure such u law. The law being
enacted, in steps ibis one man power, with king
ly prersgatlve, and says "1 forbid," and the
law la a nullity. The hope of thousands is
crushed, ami being Op long duferrcd his made
I he beu't ick.
Thouaandt of poor inebriates looked to1
thai law as the City of tln ir Iteluge from the
wiles o' the tempter. Thousands of wives,
and children looked to that law as the healer
of llu ir woes, and the balm lor all their lioub
' let, They bad bound il about With the flow- 1
'prBol Lopfi und mice mini' in fjney their !
lire-ii!e wore lb ' old time pleasant air.
Veora of sin and eorow, ;-uuble and woe haj I
fladd uud left the wretch;1 inebriate a he I
was before the wily lempter hemmed hint in,
and led him from the piths ol virtue lovo and
truth. But in a moment) even when hope
wan aboii; to he changed to fruition, the I
bright dream was dispelled, und all Ilia cll't
tering hopes Dung back upon his crushed and .
bleeding heart. Ciov. Btrstown could not
have realized whut a world ol blissful hopes '
he was nbulliiig out from the heart of lb)
drunkard when he vetoed that bill. I'juldho
bu' have Conjured up before him a ti the of I
ufTering ruin lias caused in tlio Slate of '
Wieeontoni he would have shrank in horror,
and withheld not his name.
Should the lime ever coma when the no
ble Buckeye State shall succeed in getting
a good prohibitory law (ami we hope th j
lime is nut lur di.-lun) we pray that a (inver
nor may not be found reckless enough to
dash the hopes ol tilt- thousands now groan- i
I ing undor the thraldom of rum,
rnuio men an- Un n great, some achli ve greatness, '
And Home inn, greaiuoat tbrusl upon thtm.'1
Ill these three aleatai WO presume we must
clasa DUrtell among Ibe latter, ttuce it wus
I the good will and pleasure of out fellow citi- j
' zem to sfeeaii us io the office of member of 1
I the lown council, without uur knowledge oil
I consent. Being elected, however, without
any r 1 - or itatfo.m, wo may slute here,
as is customary With persons who are elect
ed to plucei ol honor, .rnir or trust, that we j
! have "no friends to rew urd, nor no enemies
i to punish." Uur coteuiporariea need not be
' alarmed, aswe shall still continue to exchange
w lib them.i "a freely as heretofore, uur eleve-
lion not yet having rendered w oblivious oil
our former position.
P. H We shall slill continue to edit and
publish the Chnmicle, and shall always be
glud to see our Iriends, und receive any t
mount ol new subtcribeis.
'I -- - '
'! 0, O, It. it. Co. The gross earnings of
' i ih. i road lor the six days ending llie 17th of
j March, were at follows:
From Passengers $3,0jl 10
Mail und Uxprest 625 hi
" Freight 3,438 00
Total $7,iig tti
The above is better than waa anticipated
fur that ttrin, as the recent heavy rains
' caused slips and detentions during thst urns;
Inn nuiwilhslandir.g 'he untoward events re-
l furred IO, Ibe exhibit shows gratifying pro-
gtfai.-jai ZunneiV.v ram in
INtanda1, like a kite' to Hy well, depeuds very I
Uiuel) ou 'be length uf the talc it bat to carry.
Wheeling—Central Ohio Rail Road.
We took occasion, some weeks since, to '
notice the very lair offer of Ihe "Hjllimi re
3l Ohio" und "Central Ohio" Companies to '
ihe city of Wheeling. Certainly it waa all
nsy, more thnn we mi 'posed would be
conceded. T.ie "7Vtns," tbe leading pa
per ol the city, counseled its acceptance.
Every w hi re it was huiled as the harbinger of
abetter era of a Iriendly feeling and extend
ed buolntM relation,
To our utter surprise and mortilicoton, we
learuid that Wheeling refused ibe propos,
thin. It seemed so absurd we doublell at
lint llie rcporl and declined ite publication,
but the proceedings enexed show it has been
officially considered by the Directory ol the
Central Ohio. We copy Iromllu. MonaaVlUo
Courier the resolutions and orders adopted at
its luie meeting:
We are Informed that, at the meeting of
the Hoard of D. rectors of the C. O. R. JR.
Co., held on the 23d InOt.i u copy ol t he pro.
position of the Prefideuts uf the it. St. O. and
C. O. K. K to the city uf VVueelng for the
construction ol a bridge acros the Ohio river,
and also, 'he correspondence ol the Chair
man ol the Wheeling Committee with the
Proaidctlte I f the t.vu roads, and with llie
withdrawal of the proposition on the part ol
the J O. R. R w as presented, ond ufti r
consideration, the follow ing preamble, resolu
tion and orders were Unanimously adopted;
WiiLl'.tis, This Company, since the open
ing if tbe Road to the Ohio River, have un -formerly
furnished evry focility in their power
fur the transmission of freight and passengers
to and from Wheeling) nnd tint notwith
standing this policy iheaaid city is ii jw an
Ideavoring to enforce the Injunction lately
granted against ihe Baltimore und Ohio Rail
Road Co. i which injunction is under.-toud tu
be, and was intended tu be, practically, oper
ative against this ( unipany, quite as much
I as against the aaid Bajtimore Si Ohio Rail
road Co., ind is as odious effort to force
t'hii trade and travel, which that city has nut
created er a de l in dovel p tig, Irom its short
est und least expen-ive r, ute- therefore be it
"Rr$0lt(i, That the act ion of the President
in making the proposition to the city of
Wheeling, upon the si bject of a hi idge cross
inn the Ohio River, and a!sr the Withdrawal
of aaid proposition, be and tin- same is berebv
"Ordered1, That the ex-Committee be au
thorized to employ special counsel to take
tuoh proceeding! as the Conetit ition and
laws ol the United States 'hall justify, to pro
tect this Company from the injurious results
j ol the hostility of ibe city of Wheeling.
"Ordered, That the President he authorized
to inquire and report at the next meeting o'
the Board, what amount uf available ,iock
subscription can be obtained for the Construe
. tion of a branch of this road to a point op
posite MuUtldlVillc, ill Marshall county Vir
ginia. "Ordered That the Superintendent be nu
thorined lu have the boat In the employ of
the Company on the Ohio River, extend its
trips in connection With i no of the prsienger
trains in Mnundaville, in Virginia.
"Ordtrfid, That the superintendent be au
thorized on consultation with the ex-commit
lee, to establish rates of ptssenger fare (on
the round trip ticket) from any pointaon the
roads Call of and inclusive of Millwood to
Xauesville and return, as low as from any of
such points to Wheeling and return, und also
that for partios availing themselves of such ar
rangement, the freights bo equulized curres
pondingly." The necessity that imposed such action is
deeply to be regretted. The citizens of
Wheeling' must know that this uttsiupt tu
Ut; blu. h ifnrtt upon tttu HOIgUl sua navel
of Ohio will not be advocacy of its Suspen
sion Itrid ;e, and will estrange u valuable
business which her position should give her
Irom this side of the river. Tho resolutions,
indeed, wata Offered by the members of the
II i ml Irom Belmont, und we are assured
that along the whole lino of the road u very
gnolcaiant atale vf feeling exists. We do I
,',-nnyc? that ihe City Council of Wheeling:
will N)v"jnief its action, nnd that this vexed j
question may be Jui'v and amicably adjusted j
It is very true that Wheeling may throw tern
pnrary obstaclea in llie tvny. .''id occasion
both roads considerab'e iuconve'ence. Hut
where there is a will iheiu is a way, t.ml that '
way, let us add, ducidedly morn practical)!." I
and eaty than Wheeling urny imagine. 0 '
8, Journal.
QooD kob Mit, BHUaK. The California I
Legislature, at its present session, invited nj
Mormon elder to participate in the devotion- I
ul exercisus ol the morning openings. Rev. !
J. L. Shuck, the llaptist minister ut Sacra
mento, wrote (he following rebuke lo tbe
Legislature. He says: "I am precluded from
accepting the InvltBtlOjl you have extended,
I rt1 in Ibe fuel of the Assembly's having by a
large vote acknowledged the Christianity
ol that daring Imposture of systematized li
cenliourness cai'sd Mormon lam and with it
or its 'elders' I can have no rulipn ms affinity,
sympathy, fraternity, or intercoune, I claim I
for myself, Individually, no superiority in I
righteoutneta over other men; but, as a chris
tian minister. I do claim lor Christianity a I
soperiorily over every other religious rystein;
and us to Mormeiiisin itscll, I regurd it as a i
dishonor to the one living and true (iod, l
libel upon t'hriatianity a disgrace to the phi
losophy of human progress, and a bold In I
suit to t lie intelligence of tbe century."
Oir-'1'1"' r-.oli.nt ol ihe New-York
Times says that a part of the Soule corn's-
pondence was net sent tu Congress by the 1
Fresld'Oti and that this purl reveals tbe fact!
that Mr. Perry, Secretary of Legation at M i- I
di id, Complaining, in a letter to Mr. Miii,
thu' Mr, Boule Wilfully neglected to secure
an amicable adjustment ol the Black War
rior affair, and that he himself could have ar
ranged llie mutter in precise accordance with
the instruction., from Ibe Administration, du-
ring ihe ab-enee of Mr.Soule, but he was
forbidden by thai gentleman' to comiuunicaie
with the Spanish Ciovernineiu in relation tu
thu mailer.
CiiU'AU'i, March II, A disnateh from
Weston, Mo., saya tbe pro-all very ticket on
llie North sale of the Kansas, is elected by a ,
thousand majority. There was no opposition
to Ihe pro-slsviry ticket in It or, Oak and
Atchison precincts.
Nkw i ohk, March 31st. Il ta staled that
ihe U. S. Marshal ol ' PhiiatV Iphi t this morn-1
ing arrested an officer u' the Uritiah Army in
thu city 'or having been engaged in tbe re-'
cruilinir servica u1' furoivu nawer.
m r.-.... .
A great change in life is like a old bilh
in w inter -w e ull hesitsto it tbe first lunrje.
A Contrast--"Comly Between States"—
An Abolitionit Rode on a Rail.
Correspondence of he N. Y. Daily Times.
Greensboro, Qan mndayi March 18, '04.
Tin re wins ditfrteful mob here on Salur-
dsy, il.a 17th. I wn attacked by a crowd an
the principal stieci. On drawing near, I
saw a young man of bout 22 years standi nj;
lu the midst if the crwd. They were ask
ing hil name w hich i appeared he declined
giving. I inquired i s bystander what the
PtCltemeUt was. II informed me the youne
"hud dei larid himsell nu Ahslitiouist, and il
not agreeing w ith tin sentiments of ll e peo
ple, they hud a Hotioi to mob him." II
' w as told to leave the )ucq, but he declined.
Some said, "Hang bin!" "Tar and feather
him!" Rule him on a rail!" Others, more
modi rute, proposed to 'end him from town
All were in favor of lis leaving; anil those
that were the (eael excited advised him lo
leave, lie wns asked where be was from;
be answered, "Massmbusctts."
1 saw him leave the crowd, and go V the
I hotel. Soon he came oul and wulked pist
the crowd, go ng in tic direction of the de-
! pot. The leader of the mob, vho(l wsttold)
was the Sheriff, swore he anou'd not leave
! the tow n, and w ent in chasf pi him, tallow
ed by several others. Not knowing what
they might do, I coucladed to follow, aid if I
could be ul ui v servicr to tender it, be ap
pearing to be a strang.r as veil oa myself.
I On my w ay I passed some young ladies
, students uf tho Female College. They In
qui red what was the matter. I answered,
"They ssy I here is an Abolitionist in town."
Berne exclaimed, "Tar and feather him!'1
Others, "Hide him on a rai'!" I passed on,
and found him in trout of a minister's dwell
ing. As soon as 1 srriv.i', I lo'd ibe leader
I wished to speak with nfl a moment He
aaid, "if it was a 'unlit that ifrn, he would not
hear it.1' At this point til man broke, and
they after him. He jumped! p!cket fence,
and entered a dwelling hnus,went upstairs,
and hid himself in a watdrotl They search
ed the house a long I' rot be fee he Wl found.
I tried to reason with some, persuading them
to give it tip and let him go. Hut they were
1 10 excited, I did nut ki.o.v but they would
lynch nu , it I said much moo.
i I went up town, and tool the mob came
' back, making ull sorts of hid uus noises, with
their prisoner on a rail, csried by negroes.
I The Sheriff drew his pistol and would have
shot him if e had not interfered. Alter gel
ling in town they had a liegriibtiok the pris
oner's face. Some said "putin vinegar and
I nitrate of ellver," etc, After, blacking him,
I be was sold at Auctiut.. llov much he bro'l
- I can't loll, us I did not hear ihfl bldl, but
heard them crying him off w Isle I w as at tea.
The mob louk him tu a drinhing saloon, and
had the niggers bugging unAkissing him
He bore it like a martyr Tbcy said they
i would kill him If he resisted. A search war
I rant was procured to search bis baggage, to
! see if he had any Abolition documents, and
all that wns fount ony way tuap'elout were
' three copies of the New V. rk Tribune.
j While et the drinking suluon, they indul
i ged quite Ireely, uud. -unit got inuru then
they could beur. i,
The second in command of tb;s mob was a
flOtury hand, nnd, I should judge, a very poor
one, who never owned a negro, and more,
never will, if one may judge from hie ragged
appearance, The cars left at II o'clock in
the evening, and he wus put un board and
tent to Augusta. While ut Jhe depot the
Sheriff and Marshal had a fight, and thus en
ded tblf disgraceful mob of Greensboro.
Baltimore M. E. Conference.
The labors of the Methodist Cunlercnce in
Baltimore closed on the 3l' of March, alter
being in session thirteen days. The amount
raised within the buuncls of llie Conference
during Ihe past year fur missionary purposes
wae 9il8i4M, Total increase df membership
during the past year, 1,350, of which 1,075
were whites and ",71 colored. The minis
ters of ill" Conference subscribed $1,600 for
the Female Institute at Staunton, and 3,000
for llie benefit ol the DickinBen College,
The venerable llislmp Waugl presided and
the l altiinore American Bay
Bishop Woughyeeteri,'ay delivered the clo
sing mil' ress, in which he exhorted the youcg
cr members ol the Conference to great ener
gy, especially in their pastorul duties not tu
forget the poor. lie Was deeply affected
una .."counted llio years of his connection
with the 2,v,liiinorc Conference with which
he wus asaociai'j'' '" ,lU young" lli,ys- ni
for which ne still tail. " pretjiinco. Bishop
Waugh is now in the autu."-Wio und his
form iroinbleiandcr the weight voare.whlle
his health ia bruken. During hU ri.'''''4
the most perfect stillness prevailed in lu
church, and ull w rre eager tu catch the w ords
of ibis faithful father in Israel.
Reciprocity Act—Proclamation.
The President issued his Proclamation on
the Mlh of March, 1855, declaring ihit the
following articles, being the (jrowlb produce
of the provinces of Canada, New Rrurewick,
Nova Beetle, und Prince Edward's Island,
shall bo introduced inte the United States
lreeofduly.su long as the treaty between
the United Slates and Great Britain, uf June
bih, 1854, : h.. ii remain in forap, oubject, how
ever, to be suspended in relation to tbe trade
to Canada, an the condition mentioned in
llie fourth article of the said treaty; to wit:
tin in, flour, and breadslull'i ol nil kinds;
animate of all kinds; fresh, smoked, an I salt
ed taeuts; cultun-wuol; seeds aa vegetables;
M...i.;.a f i:ii-, Jrted friM-l-egfi.f alt kliitt
products of tih and ull other creutores living
in the water; poultry; eggs; hides, furs, t-kins,
or tails undressed; stune or marble in i'i
crude or un wrought stale; alate; butter,
cheese, tulluw; lard; burns; imnures; ores of
metals of ull kinds; coal; pitch, la', turpen
tine; ashes; timber and lumbei or all kinds,
round, hewed, und sawed, unminuliietured in
whule ur in part; firewood, plai ts, shrubs, and
treea; pelts; wool; fish oil; rice: broom-corn
and bark; gypsum, ground or onground;
hewn or wrought or unwrought burr ur grind
stones; dye-stuffs; tlux, hemp, snd tow, un
manufactured; unmanufactured tobacco; and
Death or Ex-8enatob Piki.is It is
w th sincere regr t that we itceited last e
Vening, by a te'egraphx dispiecll, informs
tion of the death of llie Hot. Samuel S.
I'm Lie, lute and for many years Senator ia
Cnngresa from tbe State ot Vermont. He
w as an ubls man, a clear-headed constitution
al lawyer, a close reusoner, and ol a readiuess
of wit and playfulness of mind which delight
ed the social circle. He died tthii residence
in Middlebury on Sunday lust, ;.-d about Af-ly-five
years. A'ul. lidelligtncr.
The only prsise that ought tjbe relied on,
comes from compeleut judges tithoul temp
tation tu Hatter.
Capital Punishment.
A bill to abolish Capital Punishment hnf
been reported to our Aiaembly; but we pre
sume the pressure of business will furnish a
HllBclenl excuse for leaving it un cted on
Yot he subject is one of lur wider Import
anee thin many of either the advocates or
opponents nt Hanging Imagine, It is mil the
few wretches whom the Gallows deprives Ol
life, but the many whose moral perception it
darkens and depri ve- to whom it leache
the niorHlity of evil lor evil and Vengeance
fof wrong for WtlMOeeakO we mainly d snu
its aboil inn, and iisk our rei Jers lo pombr
tbe following facts:
The Slates of Msixt and Vermont virtu
ally uhol shed the (jsllows many years ago. ;
But one mar has since been hung in Maine,
and none in Vermont. And the recollection
of our readers will boat w itness with ours
that no portion of tin Union is more moral
or more exempt from sanguinary crime than
those two St ilea. The chiunpior. of Hang
ing is welcome to nu intstn that thtlf moral
ity is ciiuse ur consequence of the if diu-eof
llie (i allows, as be shall see fit.
Michigan was the pioneer State of the Fr e
West In the abolition of Hanging. Bight
years ago her Legislators eracled its down
fall. Immediately thereafter, atreiiu ms ef
forts were made to i estore It impelled we
: regret to say, by clergymen. But they di I
not prevail, and the S'ate has never recoil
ed from her advance movement. During the
eight years in which her luwshnve utterly ig
nored the rule of blood for blood, her popula
tion hat averaged some Four Hundred Thou
1 sand; it is in w over Half a Million. Fifteen
lives have been feloniously taken within her
'jurisdiction during these eight yenrt; or, at
Ihe rate of one per annum for every 'J 1 3 000
of population. In thai CKyt ihe aum oar of
human lives feloniously taken exceeds in
each year tboae thus taken in Michig.in.with ;
a population nearly equal to that of oui City,
in the entire periud of e;ght years. And
Michigan, though she ha but one large city,
has a very full share of Foreign b rn and of ;
rude border population miners, pioneers,
ietferlng men, Sic
We think these facts clearly ebtiblish the'
lafttjfut aboli.-hlng the Hallow-. We do
not suppose that men will wholiy cease to kill
where the Slate ceaaet to hang; we only in
sist that no more murders occur because of
this abstinence from legal blood-thcdding.
And if it be safe to leave man-killing to fel
ons, who would n it preler to httve his cbtl
dien grow up where the air is never polluted
by the spectacle of a gallows bearing its hor
rible fruit where the lesson of revenge il
never taught by the legal exaction of life for
The iate Election changed llie political as
cendancy in Michigan turned out the pur'y
w hich had abolish 'd the gtllowe, and instal
led their old adversaries, from Whole ranks
the cry for a restoration of legal homicide
had mainly if n It wholly arisen. A leading
Whig bid i tor thereupon raised the standard
of repeal of the humane and humanizing sta
tute. But it met with no response from the
People nor from the Leg'slature' Not even
a show of support for the moment could be
got un in either House no report in its fa
vor not even a bill. We believe one Sena
tor and five Representatives wore t he full
extent ot the lorce that, could have been
mustered for Rope I had there been anybody
to lead tbe forlorn hope. Bui the project
fell still-born; und we presume there will ne
ver again be a serious effort mailt in Michi
gan for the restoration of the Callows:
In Indiana, a recent Legislature guve lo
each Jurv in a capital esse the power of ad
judging u convict to the Callows or the State
lrn.oi in avrtfJ .liny should lilt HO, proper. We
haven't yet heard of any one sentenced to
be bung under this rule, and do not expect to.
We do net approve ol this mode of pitching
tbe old machine uverbuaid, but none can
doubt tbut it indicates the set ut tho current
N. Y. Tribune.
Nnwar-APifte Judge Longatreet, whose
views on all subjects are sensible, Jpnctical,
and worth treasuring up, thus sets forth the
vu hie of a newspaper:
"Small is the sum thut is required lo p.v
rouine n nowepaper, and moat mn; ly remu
nerated is the patron. I care not bow hum
ble and unpretending the gazette which he
' takes, il is next to impossible to fill u sheet
' fifty-two times in a year, w ithout potting
into it lomething that is worth the subscrip
tion price1 Every parent whose son is off
i fr nu him at school should be supplied witli a
paper. I well remember what n difference
t there wss between those of my schoolmate!
who bud and those who had not access to
'newspapers. Other things being equul, tho
first were always decidedly superior to the
latt i" debate aad composition u. least.
Tbf ratal " it plain; they had command of
more lacts. Vouth will peruse a newspaper
with delight when they will reud nothing
From the San Francisco Herald.
Division of California—The New State
of Columbus.
ASSEMBLY, February 27.
By Mr. Hunt: ''An Act to create a new
Stute uut of tho Territory of California.'
(A very lengthy and animated debate ensued
on the introduction of this bill. Mr. f.teven
son moved, before the bill was read, that
the whole matter be indefinitely postponed.)
Tbe provisions ol the bill are substantially
i these: The new Slate is to be culled the
"Slate uf Culumbia," and is lo embrace all
Sm f-r l the il .... O.'uili, i,J hlutuOlVO, UT
the counties ol Santa Cruz, S nun Claral'u
olumne uui Calaveras. A portion of the pre
sol Slute debt is to be assumed by tbe new
Stale on an equitable bus s. The bill wus
ordered tu Le printed.
The Wheat ('roi The Messenger, pub
lished at Ilium, bah Missouri, learns Irum lar
mers that the prospects lor s good wheat crop
throughout northern Missouri are more prom
ising than they have been for some years
past In Illinois ihe prospects for an abun
dant wheat crop are also good. We learn
from tbe Alton Courier, the editor ot which
paper hu recently made a trip across the
i .iuti.il portion of Illinois, that, "however
short ike crops might have been last year, it
has not deterred the farmers of the Stute from
seising every portion of favorable lime during
Ihe fall for towing their wheal, and the re
sult shows that there are at lean twenty per
cent, more acrea now in wheal than in any
previousyear. The weather bas been excee
dingly favorable, and if we should be blessed
with our ordinary spring, Illinois will have
an amount of wealth injthal single crop which
it would be difficult to estimate."
Convince a wise niau of his error, and he
will thank yuu, convince a fool, and he may
intuit yuu. ;
Divinity and Tobacco.
A Methodist clergyman, a member of the
conference lately in cession at Baltimore, i
ststed thut by a careful calculation as to the I
amount of money exp nl-d uniuiHy fof tuba- I
co by preachete of t'.tat o in am e, i o figur d i
ihe sTIi ut .110011 a sum sufficient to amply il
support two micalotiarlee in China,
The preacher in charge of the monument
street church sai l, that he hud spittoons pre- j
pared lor use, in order to protect Ihe huil- i
iling from tbe Althinctl of ihe wcei1. one
clergyman claimed that tho u e oft ibuco hud
been beiielici.il lo hut , but II shop Waugh I
said, "he could not see how ai y member of
the Conference could assert that iheiliewing
nf tobacco did hlmzga id."
The New York Commercial says:
There is a large room in thii cily where I
clergymen congregate weekly, Which room
ii statcd y us, d lor other purpo es, in I the
floor is left by the clergymen in such a filthy
condition by the use of tobacco, that at I lie j
close of the clerical session, a woman enters
with a bru-h and pail to make it fit for the (
meeting of the gentleman whi s'a'ed'y OCCli
py '
The Legislature of Massachusetts, it Wo d
seem, bus i ore regurd for their State House,
than the Baltimore Conference has for the
' Holy Templee," dedicated lo the worship of
Almighty God, for while tlies.dd Legislature
has instructed the Sergeant st Arms to pre-
vent smoking upon the State House premis
es, and has removed tobacco and snuffboxes
from their eh ambers, tin said Conference, by
an overwhelming majority, refus d to take
any steps towards tilt Corre lion ' Ithe d'rly
pr.ictice so Immoderately indulgid In by their
The Boston Alias thus paro ' es upon this
inttteBaC00 inOVeinitH o! the Bay State So
lon: "O now forever.
Farewell the tranquil qui. I! f irew. II tbe puff,
farewell the finely BUI and the hi pltnpi
Thai made a'libiti in easy! O farewell,
Farewell the neighing ineeae, and the iu ill trump."
YX., i.c. ,
CUvjUhJ Herald.
A warrant wit issud ut Philadelphia on ,
Wednesday morning by Cummissioiier Hoz
II tl, ul the instance of the United Stutes Dis
trict Attorney , and placed ill the hands of the.
United States Marshal, Mr. Wl hkoop, fori
the arrest of certain parties engaged in en-
listing recruits for a foreign nutien with
which tho United Slates is now ul peace. ,
Marehel Wynkoop, assisted by bis deputlee
went to the wharf ot which the vessel ley
which waa to heve conveyed the rccru'us o
New York, and Deputy Marsha! Jenkins was
pit cod on board. The ateamer M. Ban ford
started with the recruits, thirteen ill number,
und when opposite tbe navy yard wus stop
ped by order ot Deputy Marshal Jenkins until
Marshal Wynkoop und his lissttntl could
arrive ueidi of h-r 'n uteam-lug. She was
not permitted to approach the shore. Mir-'
shel Wynkoop speedily arrived and took into
CUttody the entire p r:v, together with an
Englishman who bad them in charge, and at
about on o'clock brought them before .he j
Commiesioner for a hearing; und at about
halt-pa.-t 1 o'clock thirteen others were
brought in.
District Attorney VaKPVKE read the sec
ond section ol llie ucl of Cungrett oftl8i7;
and, after reading it, he charged the defend
ants with hiring pertont to enlist men for u
1 loreign service, uller Ihev should get beyond -t
'ho limits of tbe United States. He said thst i
for this purpo a , a ,'endeiVOUS had neon open-1
cd in South third street, where the ur'inge
inent wus explained to them. Some were
employed to work on the railroads and mines
I but when they should arrive at Nova Scotia
they were lo go into burracks; thut Commis
sions for captains, lieutenants, &.C had been
promised by Mr. Perkins und others tu sev-
' erul persons un condition thut they procured
I a certain number Ol men to enlist. Several
cargoes of men had already been ?ent aw ay.
He presumed that the defendants acted un
der the advice and protection of some one
I who might be considered a foreign Power it
self. Several ol the men were then exatrin
ed and stated the facts ol their enlistment, the
promises held out of commissions, bounty,
etc. The Commissioner then held Messrs.
Her., Boseebart, Budd, and Perkins in 9,
000 each to uppearon Saturday morning next
for a lurther hearing. The thirteen recruits
taken from on board iho steamer were held
to testily. Correspondence of Baltimore
I Ah Excellent Isvemtiox. Mr. Edwards
Campbell, ol Columbus, Ohio, bus made ap
plication for a new patent for a new inven
tion that we regard of very g'reut utility and j
importance. It is a process of making a
bond of union hstween cast iron at a voryhigh
temperature and 'gluts in a atate of fusion.
The purpose to which Mr. Campbell has ap
plied tbia invention, and with which it is as-
oj-iuCd in iiis cli.i n, is that of in king of glass
I the inu''?,iur of ibe boxes in which the axles
I o die wheels of carriages and machinery are
to relolve. The cdvaatagea of glass for this ,
, purpose have, long been 'indertood, but we !
, belitve a means of applying 'l lias not here
I tofure been known. It retains a tmooth
iiurfico, nnd wears but little by friction, and!
greoter uceuruiy can therefore be preterved; 1
it requir s but little lubrica'ion.as its temper-1
! ature it not materially increased by the fric-'
tion that would render any of the metals in- I
tensely hut: it is economical, costing even I
less then cast iron; and, from all these cause',
it is a safer reliance than other agencies. I
The tests tu which the specimen we have
seen lias been snojected at once convinced 1
us thut glass thus embeded in iron could tus- j
tain ex'raordinary pressure nnd tho mist;
powerful b'oWV but a doubl arose in relutiun
l i the inequality in the contraction and ex
pension of the twj metals, by sudden changes
in their temperature. Iron, however, expan.is'
and contracts by heat far more than gl tss, 1
and ihe casl-iron box, being expanded to its
utmost when the gluss congeals, all its after
tendency by this means mu.t necessarily be I
to embrace the glass within it; and this glass i
being in the form of an arch, with its busts
snd apex both embraced by the iron, it can1
yielJ to no power that is not capable of lit-
erally crushing il to powder. i
Mr- Cu npbell utTirms that he can at once
proceed to the manufacture of those b x -s,
ol ull sizes, fruin the fourth of an inch to
liventy inches in diameter. They will no
d- hi bejirmpily brought inti ms tor all kinds ,
of machinery and carriages; but it is upon the j
railroad thut their advantiget will be m nt
highly appreciated, tor it it there that hu-1
mr.n life must dependsupon the accuracy and
reliability of every part of the siructu e in
w hich we journey at such luriuus speed.
ffjt. Intel. w jj
IS hereby given to those who may be de
lirout of undertaking the building ef a Meet
in. House in Unieatnwn for the Aceeciete
Reform Church.
Proposals for building said Church will be
received on the 7th day of April at the old
Union Church et l!l o'clock on said day, w lien
llie matter will be taken Into consideration
10 to the amount of material tu be Used out
ifaild old church Inconatruetlng the new4.'
The houoi to be frame, to by .00 feet, and
the 'indortuker ti. furnish llieir uA'u material,
Wm. Shah e,
W'm. CattrWILt,
AaORBW Walker,
Wm. Rosa, Building Com.
E. Balls,
Thus, CLi.Eiirson,
Wm. Tayloc.
M ireb 24th, 1555.
034) over not Win-ton has isiued a proc
lamation setting apart the 7th day of April
next as a day of humiliation and prayer 'o
o observed hy the peofle uf Alabama.
The Governor says: ' It well becomes every
ane w hose political lot has been caOt in this
lection ot the Union, to examine prayerfully
ihe end tu which the political fanaticism of
llie North is to rapidly tending, and to im
plore Himwho endued th! g:ern nvu, tho
fat here of our Repnlic, with lor.itr.de, patri
Dtiem and wisdom lo conduct our infant peo
ple through the difficulties of llie revolutiun
ury etrugge, and the eetabllehment ofu Con
tltutlanal Government, to enable m to be. r
ourselves in whatever emergency we may be
placed, so as not to rcll .-cl -disgrace on our
The Governor might havn found a more
appropriate theme for a fust had he turnel lo
the Bible. '7','ii's is the fust that I have cho
sen," said God, th ough Isaiah, "that ye
brttt'i tvery iole and let the oppressed go free."
OirDi laware, it Will be remembered, has
p.ssjd quite astringent pruhibitory law
When the fate of the bill hung in a ispense,
u successful appeal was made by at inebri
utc. Reud it, ye advocates of the largest
liberty, and remember
Ti e most convincing argument in favorof
prohibit!! n thai we have ever heard, is said
to have been made to a member in the State
Senate of Delaware, during the pending of
the Prohibitory uill before that body.
A man uf notoriously i cmpor tj hub'". a
said lo the honorable member, (who it wat
thought held the Ufa or deulh of the bill at
his will ) 'suppuse, Mr. , a vetCt'l wag
nut in the Bay, in a sinking c. mdition, with a
large number of persons on, without boats or
any other means ol 'escape, and you had tbe
only boat aad the only meant of escape, and
w tboiit your assistance they must perish, mid
you could save them without. cnJanger n
your own life, would you do it!'
'Cert, inly I would I should be inhuman
to d i otherwise!"
"Well, 'aaid he, I, and there are bund ei
of olbett like me that have liecotne such crea
tures o! habit, that we hive not ihe hi in to
try to save oureelvee you can by your vjU
in the Senate help us. Will you do ill'
This appeal was said lo be more convin
cing than r di zen sueb lectures would have
been from Te .iperance m"n; and the honor
able geiltlei.intl's mind was more firmly fixed
iii luvorof ibe bill than it had ever been be
fore. The geullein iu did vote for this bill, and it
has become a law. In few nioutns that
poor iuebriate, with hundreds of others, their
wives und children v lil have the shield of
law lor their protection. May Go I protect
the right.
("CTlie re-ult ol the late cenuus of Kan
sas demonstrates .'hat there were not as ma
ny settlers in the territory us there were
votes at the election of delegates to Con
gress. This luct establishes beyond all doubt
the outrageous frauds that were practised by
people irom Missouri, Tin; tamo game will
be pracii.-ed ut the election of members of
the legislature, this spring. We are glad
lo see that Gov. ReBDER is doing all he can
to prevent these frauds. It is slated in a let
ter from Leavenworth, to the N. Y. Tribune
that the Governor has declared his determi
nation that this election thill be lajrly held,
er no ejection ol all, that ia, he will withhold
his certificate of election from a men whore
it is prove d that they were ele.tdh such im
ported votes.
We trust this moy Jbe true, ond that ha
will act as becomes an honest American cit
izen, in this emergency. The freeman of
the land will sustain him in his efforts to re
pel the impertinent and arrogant interfer
ence of thee." slavery minions und tools of
Atchison, I ouglua unit Co. Let these men
remember the character of the next House
ol R prcsentatlves, at Washington.
The U. S. .Marshall was committed to jail
to-day for contempt of court ia having refu
sed to produce the sluve R isetta before Judge
Parker. It was then found that Ruseltu had
been tiken from jail undsecretel. The re
port reached here this evening that a large
number of armed men were coining down to
night Irom Muysville, to lake her by force lo
Jfoutucky. but ia nut generally believed. The
ibienCC of "he girl from jail is causing ruuch
Another Female Demonstration Against
i ,n- iitcuii ofin arji g'vrs uie .ouowing
account of a "brandy stnasl ," got up by the
lulies il Howeli a week or so ugo:
It seems thai the husband of one of the la
d es of that viilage was formerly n very hard
drinker ai times a continued as', abusive to
his family, and an object of regret to all his
friends and BCeM ntanc.es, but who, when ev
ber, is a man of talents and respectability,
has been trying lor h few months pan tore
form. He had stood firm for some time, but
one day or rather night, last week, he went
h me intoxicated. It is afiirned that he w. a
urged and especially invtad to drink, at first
in 'm the specious plea thai he needed a lit
tle for his health, at tie gr-:iry where tha
flow of spirits" occurred. The whole con J
unity were exasperated, and about thirty
females o-Ue.i to make a descent upon Ihe
ru:n-hule,nnd enforce by strength what could
not be done by law or reusou. They sreor
J ugly armed tl.emsclves, and wall u I into 1
Die giocery and proceeded to knock out the
heads of whiskey bam Is, break jugs, decan
ters, Sic, without ceremony. When they
Il id accsmpliihed the feat of deitro'ing all
the liquor in tbe grocery, they coolly tent
warning io the other gruceries that the traf
fic mutl nop.

xml | txt