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Belmont chronicle. [volume] (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 1855-1973, April 19, 1855, Image 1

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"TOE QWIWWIUL "
B. R. COW EN, EDITOR & PROPRIETOR. " ; i E CORY Ciil LOVE tTOTHSJO." .TERMS $1,50 A YEAR, IN ADVANCE
NEW SERIES, VOL. VTT, NO. 28. ST. CLAIRSVILLF., OHIO, TlIURSDA Y. APRIL 19, 1855. WHOLE NO. 953
THE BELMONT CHRONICLE-
PUBLISHED EVKUY THURSDAY MORNINO,
Office on Rorth Hide of Main Street in
the New IWnsonlc Ilnll, h lew l
East of the Court House, nnd a
lew doors West of the Norton
II ouso.
tkrms Of SMORIFTIolt.
ir pW within Mires months, $V,n
If rui'biM ilmtiliiie. ,
Papera SlSSoMlnaSS only at tlie niliou of (lie ililor,
vlule arrearages are ilue. I
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Every additional insertion, 23
.Yearly advertisement) une SSlaaUa, fic.iui
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Prole i on lit card 9tl per annum.
lCT'AII lellem artilieicu to (lis eilltr.r mual he paid to
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, JtjNu paper iticnminne t until all arrearages are
'paid ttnlcia at the option of the editor. if
POETRY.
LEAVES AND MEN.
BY EBENEZER ELLIOTT.
Drop, drop into tlie grave, OKI Leaf,
Drop, drop into the gravid
Tky ocorns grown, thy .acorns sotvn--
Drop. drop into the grave.
December's Tempests ravo. Old Leaf,
Above UtO lores! grave, Old Leaf,
Drop, drop inlo tlie grave.
The birds in spring will sweetly sing,
That dealli alone iasad;
The grnss will grow, the primrose show,
That Death ulone is sud;
Lament above the grave, Old. Lent;
For w hat has lile to do with Clriett
'Tig death ulone that's Bad.
What then! Wo too have both UVetl 'throne h
Tha sunshine and the rain:
And blessed be He, lonioand then.
Who srtit IDs Sun, and rain;
We've had our sun una1 rain, Old Leaf,
And God will si nd again. Old Leal,
The junshine and the ruin. I
Rnee after race bfteavci and r.ieh, ,
Bloom, wither, am' are gone. ,
A winds and Wateih, rise and fall
t-o Ufa B'ni death r .1 1 on;
And long '-' p"n heaves. Old Leaf. '
And b'jd and lade tlie leaves, Old Leaf, I
Will life and ileuth roll on. 1
I
IIuw like am I to thee, 0 Leaf,
We'll drop together down;
How like art thou to me, Old Lcalf
We'll drop together down.
I'm gray and Ihou art brow n, Old Leaf,
We'll drop together down, Old Leal,
We'll drop together down.
Drop, drop into the gravel Old Leaf
Drop; drop inlo the grave; (
Thy aeorns grown; thy siOMI sown
Drop, drop Into thy grove.
December's tempest rave. Did traafi
AbOVO the forest graves. Old Leaf;
Drop, drop into the grt vol
MISCELLANEOUS.
TALE OF THE SEA.
The Last Cruise of the Wasp.
BY J. E. DOW.
Tlie wind Ihit rings along the wave,
The clear t'ttsHildoWed sun,
Are torch and trumpet to the brave,
Whose last an en wreath is won, 1
HOLMES.
On a lovely evening in midsummer in thp
year 1814, a sloop of war appeared off the
chopa of the English channel, and stood in
toward! the shore of Cornwall. The breeze
from the ocean sighed through .he neatly fit
ted rigging of the belligenint stranger, nod ,
the faint ripple at the bows gave evidence j
that 6he won Blowly gliding ahead. The I
'waves seemed to creep in long, unbroken
swells before lipr, and the lingering glow of I
sunset as it glanced through the valleys of
the deep and rested or. their dark green stun- I
mite, seemed like the smile iff the dying
ilsy upon the rolling prairies of Illinois.
Her sails from sky lu water swelled beau
tlfullj to the rising shores of merry England j
her ports were shut in; a silence equal to
that of v forsaken bark reigned through her j
hails of thunder, while u solitary battle lap.
fern gleamed at the door. The tread of the I
Orderly on duty, Itlone gave evidence that the
gullonl vessel was not a spectre ship 'some
galleon freighted with lib dead." Hour f- v
ter hour lazily rolled away. Tlie laud DOW J
began to grow more distinct, while the haze
of morning settled deeper upon the shadow- 1
ed w ater.
At 4 A. M.,a bright flash appeared where j
ther-hade of the moonlit billows mingled o-
gether, and then one alter another the glea-1
ining suili of a ship hove in sight
'Ileal to quarters!' thundered the cnmrnnn-l
der of the American vessel, for such wnsj'
the character of the stranger, and then a
quick us thought the silence of the vessel '
w as broken hy the shrill notes of the fife.thei'
tread of armed men, the tricing up of ports. '
i!ie rattling D( cannon shot in tlie racks, and j
the running out o f heavy ordnance.
The chase now Bhowed English colors, !
turned swiftly upon her heel, and run up tlie
private signal of the channel Heel.
'Show them the stars!' cried the immortal
Blakely. 'Forecastle there.'
'Aye, aye,' replied the master's mate.
'Are you all ready with the bow gun."
All ready sir.'
Luff quarter master.'
'Luff it is, sir,' said the old salt at tha i
helm.
'Stand by forward Firel'
The sloop yawed gracefully at the command
of the trumpet, and displayed hef ent'ttn,!
which had been hidden behind the mountain!
of canvass that lowered before it. A heavy :
roar fdlowed a volume of fire and woolly
smoke from ihe American vessel's bows, and '
then a sharp and cricking sound frnm the
chse, as though hetvy body had fallen j
from l great height upon a thin lattice of
Itthfi and had passed thrtnrjfh1 it, accompani
ed by scry of agony, that echoed fearfully
over the still waters, told but too plainly
the work o! death had commenced.
'They havefelt the sting of '.he VVopp.' cri
ed the American captain as he scanned the
clmse through the night glass. '(Steady so,'
answered Iho attentive gunner! And the
galluut ship was as silent as before,
At fifteen minutes past one P. M., the en
emy bore uown 00 the Wasp's weather quar
ter, answered her cannon at defiance, and
stood gallantly down to cl ise. W'lien with
in sixty yards of the American, Ihe chase fi
red a shilling gun from his top-gallant fore
Matte, and repeated tlie same unwelcome sa
lute for several minutes This destructive
fire, however, was borne without a murmur
by the Wasp, which vessel could not bring a
gun to bear on her antsgunist. A favorable
moment had now arrived.
Put your helm down!' shouted Blukely nt
the quarter deck.
In a moment the broadside of this vessel
began to show its teeth upon the enemy, and
soon the stronger received his former double
shotted salute with interest.
Haul up tlie mainsail!' thundered the deck
trumpet.
The order had scarcely died away, before
the heavy sail hung in testoons upon the
main yard. The tire o! tho Wasp now be
came dreadf il every shot told; uid fooling
that any risk was isfei than the one he Was
then!runn!ns, the captain of the ilritisii crul
scr, at forty minutes past three,rati the asp !
aboard on the starboard rjilarte-r, his larboard
now coming foul. The Bnglith commander
now uttered the magic command 'Boarders
away!' and placing hiniseif at the head ol his
crew, endeavored to curry Ihe dock of his an
tagonist. Three times in succession the at
tempt was made; and three times the Araerl- ;
:uns drove the assail nit's back with great
ilaughter. At the third rush, the gallant oan
tain of the enemy fell from the Wasp's mix
ten rigging while in the act of flourishing
lis sword two bullets had pierced liis bruin
Hid he was dead ere he touched the deck.
At fortyfour Minutes past three, Captain
Ulakely gave the Command to board iii turn,
l'lie American so ,men now started en masse,
rounded over the hammock nettings of the
neiny like a living'torrent) and in one min
Ite, amiu the clashing ol cutlasses, the sharp
eports of boarding pistols, the groans of the j
lying and the yells of the wo'dnded, were,
musters of the foe. As the sword of the dy
ng Manners was laid upon the capstan, the,
lag of Britain dripped suddenly upon the,
lloody deck ol the Reindeer, und ere the i
loectator could mark the movement, the bnn
ler of freedom floated triumphantly in its
place.
The Reindeer was an eighteen gun sloop-'
f-'ar. and hud a complement of 118 souls.
Dhe had Bfi killed and 43 wounded; while '
he Wusp hid but five killed, un I 22 woun-
led.
After burning his shattered prize, tho vie- ;
orious Blakely shaped his course for L'Ori
tut. where he arrived on the 8lli of July,
frith his ensign waving above the tattered
lag til' England, an J his vessel crowded with
irieonors of war.
On ihe 27th of August, having Undergone
i thorough repair, the Wasp dropped down
n the outer anchorage, and departed fertile
ihores of France, Having made a few pri-.
ies, she stood further out to sea, mid en the
norning of the first of September found him- 1
idf in the midst of a fleet of merchantmen,
inder convoy of the Armand.i, seventy-four. I
With Ills accustomed skill und gallantry,
Japt. Blakely, now beat to qoa-ters, and '
lashed in among the unsuspecting fleet. A 1
essel loaded with guns and military stores, I
vus soon captured, and while the hoarding I
fficer was busily engaged with another, the I
evetfty-four came down upon the wind md
lopped the havoc. With her heavy thunder. i
Evening now crept in long und dusky shad- 1
iws alung le s'iletit Wutors.'nnd the lookout I
tan from his airy height, watched with eag- i
r eyes the lioriz in arouiid.
The cry of'Sail O!' now roused the offi-
ers from their evening meal. Busy feet 1
ehoed along tho cleared decks, and the sliot f
tick received a farther f npply of the iron 1
lossenger of death, while the active powder '
oy stood with a s'pare cartridge in his loath- '
ru passing box beside hi- gun. F.nir sail '
ow hove in sight, but the nearest one spoili
ng like a man-of-war the V'as;j r.:n do.vu to 1
peak her. , '
At twenty niinules past nino the chase,
ins on her lee bow, within hell. A heavy!'
igbteen now burled its death-dealing shot '
nTo the enemy's bridle poit, and swept his '
lock fore and aft. ! '
Tin' shot Was promptly returned by the 1
hase; when Blakely, passing under his lec. jl
earful 'est he might escape, the wind blow- '
il" high, and th? Wasp going ten knots
laving reached l'ie right position, the g aj J
ant iirtle Wasp pouted in a brOau-ide which'
titled the enemy's spars and rigging abjUt i
lis ears, and convinced him of the true c!i ir- J I
icter of the stranger. It was no'v ninco'-;J
Mock at night. Darkness rested upon the 1
icean, save when illuminated by the bright 1
lashes of musketry; and the heavy roar of ; 1
:nucn died away amid the din of the swell- 1
iug waves. Furious was tlie fird of the j
Wasp, and warm was the return made by the
enemy. It was almost impossible to tell the ; ;
officers from the men, amid the smoke and I
durknossof thehour; and tlie seamen slipped i
upon thefclpody deck as they ran out their'
long eighteens. The wind howled mourn- !
lully through the riggging; the vessels plun-j
ged heavily along the agitated deep. As
they come upon the lop ol corresponding
waves, tho practised gunners fired, and w lien
Ihey rose again discovered the damage they
had (lone.
For one hour this terrible conflict was kept
up with unmitigated tiercenoss. At ten the
cnemj's fire ceased, ;and Captain I5lak"ly,
leaning over the quarter, hailed them iu a
voice louder than the rocring ocean
'Have you surrendered!
No human voice repliej, but a few Ion ;
eightecns thnndered bark the emphatic
Nb"
j - -
A fresh broadside was now poured into the I
; enemy, and as the fire was not returned,
Blakely hailed them a second lime;
'Have you struck V
A faint 'Aye, aye,' now comeov?r the wa
tery, and a boat war? nt once lowered 1 0 take
pOifeeMori of the prize. Aj the cutter touch
ed (He wave, the look-out-nun cried.
'Sail O! olose aboard!'
The smoke having cleared away, another
vessel was seen nearingtho Wasp. The cut
ter was run up to the davits, and the crew
sent again to the guns.
Tlie Wasp tvts soon in readinrs- to recaivc
tlie second antagonist; but two more sails
heavine in sight astern, the conqueror was
forced to leave bis prize.
The helm of the Wasp was therefore put
up, and the vessel ran off free, in order to
repair bcr rigging and to d-sw the veriel of
the enemy from its consorts.
The second stranger continued her chase
of the Wa-p urtii she got across her stern,
gave her a parting tiro ids'de, and beat up to
wards his consort, whose I(;ru I guns o! dis
tress now echoed in melancholy murmurs a
long the midnight deep
The Wasp left her prize in such haute as
to be ignorant nf her name and force. When
the sea gives up its dead, and the cew of
tlie little Avon and the little band of Iib.ko
Iv, shall muster together at the final judg
ment, then, and then only, shall the conque
ror know his vanished foe
The Wasp wassoon lost amidst the dark
ness of the night, while the Castalinn, the
"essel that came to the assistance of the en- 1
emy.and the consorts hovered around the 1
Wreck of the prize, and eirleavrred to save
Ihe crew I
As the rpornitig watch was called the A
eon g vo a sudden roll to the lpewjrd. then '
jettling swiitly by the stern, she sunk with
a gurgling sound, while her dead men float- ' i
ed in ghastly forms upon the sea. With I
heavy hearts tl.e English cruisers lowered , I
iheir ensigns at half mast, and left the ocean ' I
tomb of their Ulster, firing rriinute gurts to j I
lli e memory of the brave. i
Having repaired damages wlii( h were prin-
cipully in span and rigging, the V asp con- I
linued her cruise to the westward. and on the I
12th of September, fell in with md took
trie Three Brothers. After scuttling her.she I
overhauled and took the Brig BacotlUS. This i
vesBel she soon sent to a final resting place t
in cold water. As eho neared the Western i
Islands an afrtted brig hofe in sight, (.'row- I
ding on all sail, the gallant Blakely fired a 1
shot across her bow, and received her des
cending flag as a token df submission. The I
vessel proved to he th" Atalanta of eighteen I
gUns and nine'CPii men. Mldshipinau Oei- i
senger, now a post captain in the service, l
was put on board o( her, and the prize mas- i
tsr and his crew were the Inst Americans
Who beheld the Wasp arid her gsllunt Crew , I
and lived to 'ell tlie tale. i
On the 6th of October following, tlie S.vc- I
dish brig Adonis, from Rio, hound to F.il- 1
mouth, was boarded by the Wasp in latitude
18 den. 35 mln. North, longiiude 3D deg. I
10 Itlfn. West, nnd two passengers, Lieut.
Mr Knight, and master's mate Lyman, lale ol
Ih e gallant Essex, w ere taken from her. The t
Swede then pursued his course, while the i
American cruiser continued to he Southward I
inder easy sail. At 4 P. M., her topsails t
lipped in tho Southern Ocean; and when i
he son set she wac seen no more. I
Of tlie fiui I end of the Wasp, rumor bar I
leen besy with ber thousand tongues. At I
me time she was said to have been iost on c
.lie doBolate coast of Africa, while her sea- c
hri battled with the Arabs of the desert, t
hen she was said to have sunk in a ft It off I.
he Saanish share, alter an action with an
inglish frigate. At one time she was suppo- r
ed to have been lust in the wild oo.ean.aloue. d
U another, blown up by the accidental ig- li
lition of her magazines. Historw being si- r
ent on the subject, the pen of imagination I
oust irace her Insf moments. ib
It was an awful night in the South Allan-j a
ic tho Waves leaped in mighty masses, like , p
p.-ctre knights in dusky armor. Loud roll-b
id the thunder of heaven, und round the hor- j y
zon the lightning, like the tongue of a thou- a
and adders forked in air, or reared around i
lie magazines df hall, ib.it reared their pale s
ilue bodies upon tha b.MOm of tlie storm. , li
'he wind swept In cne unbroken how l, and n
he din of the dashing wuters completed the g
lcme;itary war. I e
Not a sail was to be seen. It seemed that b
nan hud left the oceun in its majesty to his 1 0
iod, while the clouds and darl!ness. the whirl- s
vim! an 1 the water spout, the lightning und 8l
he deep mouthed thunder, gave terrific evi- ri
lence of the presence of the Creator. But, r;
lark! n cannon echoed faintly; sec! apileU,
lepuleJiral light faintly glares upon the deep!
nd now, with the velocity of the wounded h
vhale, a sloop-of-wur with her sails in strips, !
icr spars twisted, splintered and broken, he' a
mlwarks partly carried awiy, her rudder c
rone, roinos down before the wind. She ,
alls off from her course; now she buries her p
iead in tho foam, and now her stern seems t
ust disappearing in the hollow of the deep, h
Sea after sea rolls over her deck, and the j n
leair.en lashed to her sides seem waiting the i
lour of near destruction. n
Tiie commander at fbe wheel with his bra- j I
ten trumpet is silent. Ilia eye flashes like j
hat of the chained eagle, as ho scans thai I
leep. A few hours more and the vessel 't
must founder at eeu. Her banner still floats c
n ri'oborls at her pjak, a faint light gleams I
Irom her starboard pinnacle, and the signal i
bell tolls sadly as she Is thrown from broad-1
side to broadside upon the sideling waves.
Tlie storm abates! The fierceness of tho t
blast is gone! The sen rolls in gentle bil-'t
lows, and the heavens shower darkness in- U
stead of forked lightning. A temporary rod-' ,
der is rigged, a stdrin stay sail is Set. tho ' ,
wreck of spars is cleared away. The rol
ling guns are checked with hammocka from i i
thejiieltings, and ports are closed.
'Ha! mv brave felows,' thundered the com
mander, 'we are safe. Reily .Tillinghasl and
Barry, nobly have you stood lbs test of this
war of nature.. Ml hands-save ship." 1
t !:'
'AH hands!' shonled the first Lieut.
'Tumble up, ttlmble up, cried the boats
wain's mate below.
And now the wenry rrsw are upon deck.
Those who are lashed cut their seizings as if i
ly mugic. Grasping Bxes.the officers spring '
tntlic tops, and Jwcrk with their undaunted!
men. The shattered topmasts are replaced,'
new sails are bent, and already the distress-!
ed bark begirm to wear I he nppoarance of a J
ship of war. But hark! from Ihe north wostj
a rushing sound is heard! A bright bow)
rears itself from tl e edire of the tiorizon! j
And from the centre of the If oh of fire, a
Basil of lightning followed by an instantane
ous crash, blinds tlie ryes of the anxious lea- j
der nnd his. buy crew. In a moment more:
the fierce Norther strikes the ship aback.!
from the top of s giant b.iinw it hurls her
down. A huge ahys yWns to receive her, j
and with her main must blaz'ng with the
lightning's fir", am! her tattered stars gleam
ing nmid.-t thfl lurid glare down to the ocenn
sepulchre, sinks the gallmt Wasp, withj'
her immortal Blakely and ha msJchless i
crew.
One wild wail now rings along the solitary ' I
sea, it dies in echoes fur BWaJT. The wind;
howls sadly in i's fury ;the wa'es leap in mc
jeety around; the thunder peal answers the'
r nr of the billow, and the dead sleep in their
ci ffin of glory In pweet forgetfulness.
Tlie following composition was written by'
Miss LtOKofeA Smith, and rea I by her at thej
ilose of the "Valley School," one mile north
if Bridgeport in this County,
THE WIDOW'S SON.
It was noon! Noon in the e.st, when lie
ays or the sun were pouring down upon ihe ,
larlh with their most iniease bent. T;,
lowers were all drooping, tumble to sustain I
heir own weight in the great heat; the birids I
lad ceased their 6ongs, tn'i were hiding from
he sun among the thick foliage of the tre' s; i
he still waters looked like bBiids of melted
lilver as they regvtted the blaze of th fiery j
lrb in nil intensity ; and even the tall cedars!
hat adorned Lebanon's'proud summit, looked j
irown und scorrhed iri the extreme beat.
In tlie city, tho dingy brick walls locked I
ike fires themselves neath tho fervid glire;,
he camels and horses wer- i.e.; iy basking in,
he sun; the place of business were closed;!
ind the human portion if ;he population j
vere sleeping away the hours while it Wssl
no hot for work.
But not every one was thus lost in dreary:
orgetftilness. In one of tlie dwellings, at j
east, was o'he wttbse heart wss frought with
ingdiah too deep and poignant for ?!eep; one
vho, by the mldulght taper, as well as in the i
itillnes of noonday, had offered her agonized
irayers fir strength 'o bear he-alBiction. She j
lis wept till the fountain of her tears is dried 1 ,
ip; and novV the agonised look of her pale,
earless face, is at once the index of a heart
orn by the most extreme anguish.
And wnal is it that has tile power to move i '
icr thus!
Look but a rhort distance from her, and
ou will see the tause of her suffering. On
bat dismal bier, claeped in the icy embrace
if Death, is stretched the pale form of the i
ast link of affection that bound the soul of
hst Wean mourner Id earth. It is her son,
vho was in all the bloom of youth and health,
md just budding into manhood, whbn relent-
i'6s Death seized upon him as a victim; and
lurrying his Botil away, left his noble body
old, pule, and motionless. Soon they w ill
ome to benr him (o his long, lost home; and '
i If
hen that widowed mother will hac more ' '
;ft to love and cherish hor uj he had none.
From the sad reality of the present, the (
niud of the mourner wandered back to the
ays of her own happy childhood, when she
ad been caressed by fond parents, and sur- j
ounded hy friends. I ,
Then she thought of herself as the joyous
ride of one who hud loved and cherished her
s he would u tender flower that needed his J
rotectiod from the chill blaits of winter; and
elore her mind arose u loii train of
ears, all too happy and bllsiiful to last. Then
darker scene urose belore her. Again she c
IW the noble form of that fond tins and
tretcbed upon u bed Of sickness; when h"r a
lends told her that ho must die but the co"d J
ol give up nil hope that he would recover,
mil she Saw that his spirit, had indeed wing,
d its flight to the bright world of eternal
liss. Then followed long dcys and n;ghts
f unepcakable agony, ill which she was con- ;
jled only hy the reflection that she hud her
in vol to love, and to care for. Then slip j
membered how he had provided for her eve-, (
r want; and had striven by every ioviug art (
i cheer her loneliness, and alleviate her lone-j j
ness, and alleviate her dm row; and how, at.
ist, that noble sou himself had been seiz-d ;
ilh sickness; and Iho long hoars of anguish
lie had spent while bending over his couch, :j
oolinghis fevered brow, and attending to v
is slightest wish; and how in agony sha had ' .
rayed that God would sp re her son to be j
he comfort of her declining years; hoWshsU
ad consulted physicians and those skilled in i (
ledioinc, nil to no purpo?e. The destroy-!,
ig angel had marked him for his own, and s
o oarthlv power could save him. Now she 1 1
.as a widow, and childle :-, and all earthly 8
jy for her had passed a .y. She was left to
take her way aioiio and in her old age thro' v
he cold and unsympalbising world. She t
oiild bear to think no farther, and 'jurying
ier faco iu her garments, she groaned aioud J j
n the bitterness of her spirit. j t
On leaden wings the hours flow slowly t
ly; and towards'evening the friends began to I t
issemble, to follow the remains of the dend
o the last resting place. Mail) entile togeth
er on that sud occasion, for there was not one i
vlto knew her, that did not pity that poor i
widow In bet bereavement.
The procession formed, und sh wly winding
ihroogh the stleets, passed out at the gate ol
the city. Just, outside of the gate they were
met by a small parly of pedestrians who were
about to enter the city. One of them by his
mild, henignint countenance, and noble, dig
nificd demeanor, altiacteo particular attea-
I on, and from the de; criptions they had heard
of h;fh he wns immediately recognised hy the
c't:Z''iis ol Nain, as no other than leens of
Natareth', the Immartel Son of the Almighty
Jehovah! They had heard before of his at OR.
df Ota Works while on earth; arirl so it wns no
marvel, when Iip approached and Inuched the
bior, on which was Ihe dead, that they who
carried it stood still to hear what he had to ,
say .
'Young man, I say unln thee, arise!
See the emotions that are caused by tl.'se
words! The lnughty lips of some were curl
ed with scorn, others viewed h:m with undis
guised wonder; others, more believing looked i
on with asgtr anticipation) While the illsins
led isotlier, in an agony of mingled hope and
Jespair, looked ae though she would implore
bim not to raise I er hopes too hitfh, only to
be da-hed again lo the ground, and leave ber l
more hopeles thuu belore.
But who elisll desrrlbe the joy, admiration, i
and wonder, depicted on every countenance,
alien, m obedience to the words of divine,
SomiOSnd, the J oong man sat up and spoke to
those around him! lie was presented by Je- j t
his to his dell jilted mother, Wkst now forgot
ill ber past sorrow , in the exquisite bliss of '
Ihe thought that her son wns restored to her, ;
and she would not have to pass the ;est of her
time in solitude and ntglect.
The Late Elections.
The political campaign of 1855 opened j
with ihe memorable contest in the old Gran- j
ile State, the resolote, and, heretofore, invin-'
cible supporter of Loi ofocoism, and the home j
of Franklin l'ierce. Every element appeared j
to be in favor of its remaining r.n sdrcinisirt
lion St ite. All the influence oi the General ;
Government wns brought lo bear upon her
people to keep them in line. But, tlie frandu-,
lent and outrageous uct of repealing the His
aouri Compromise, and the identity of the Ad
ministrstion with this act, paralyzed all the J
efforts of its friends. New Hampshire !'
swung from its old moorings, and took posl-l'
tion in the ranks ol States whigh have not;
forgotten that there is a north. T!:3 defeat I
of the Nebraska, pro-slavery Depiocracy was: 1
total and terrible. Everything was lest to j 1
lliem. Governor, both branches of the Le
gislature, nil the members of Congress, and 1
two United States Senators, were thus secu- '
red to the opposition .
Since this LIo.v, upon the already r?clir.g '
r.d Incompetent administration, elections 1
ISVe taken piece in Connecticut and Rhode 1
Island. Both of these Stat OS cut louse from.
:he administration a year ago, and elected op
position Legislatures. There was a faint '
lope that the tide, having left the Slave Dc- :
inocracy without a single free S'ate, would 1
now reti ru, sud they would again be greeted '
ivith their old familiar shout of victory. But;
his privilege is nut yt vouchsafed them.
riie fruits of Ihe vile barter betweenvthe pro- j '
slavery interests of the South, and the trafli- '
sing, unprincipled men of the North, who '
luld themselves for a price, are yet too palpa- 1
iilo to be overlooked or forgotten.
Connecticut sends an undivided anti-Ne- , 1
araska, sntl-Administration delegation to '
dongrees. The Nebraska candidate for Gov- 1
;rnor is iu a minority of near lot housand.
Df the twenty-one Senators, eightern or 1
twenty ere opposition Of the House of '
depresentstives, at least two-thirds are of the '
'ame cha'acter- Connecticut stands fust by 1
ier integrity, end again refuses lobow lo the (
pro-Slavery dogmas of Douglas & Co.
llhode Island has also spoken, and in no '
incertain tone. Lif:e Connecticut, it took : 1
"round against the Nebraska s vindlo in the ! '
ipring of 1851, and like Connecticut, it has '
toil firmed that record by a similar verdict ill I '
IS55. There is scarcely a semblance of pro-; 0
slavery Democracy left. I!ut lvo email !c
owns iu the Stale have given majorities in! v
avor ol the administration. The Governor,'
loth branches ol the Legislature, and both :
he miimbers of Congress are the fruits of the ; j
oti-Nebraaka triumph of 1303. It could not 1 1
isve been more comp'ete.
Thus opens the grand political dramj ofl
he current year. Toe sober second-thought!
f the people everywhere confirms t le ac'sj
nd the votes of last year in opposition t the
dmlnlslrstldn party. Virginia will be the
ext Slate to record her verdict. We look j R
lii- a total rout of the LoeofoCO party there,! ,
,'hieh will only find its equal. in New-Hamp-i
hire. let tlie people ponder upon tho.e . ,
lllnga. O. S. Jjurnal. : r
: u
Gutenberg.
No fad in history is more interesting than
hat tho invention of the printing press by
iu ten berg le to be asciibed indirectly to thp
iifliience of religion, as is thus sel lorih:
"Gutenberg traveled alone, on foot, carry:)
ng a knaps; ek containing books andc'othei,:
ike a mere student visiting the schools, or a;
lUrr.cvnian looking for a master. He thusl
ent through the Rhenish provinces, Italy,
IwiUerlendi Germary, and, lasiiy, Ho land,1
ml without anobjeci, like a man who lets I
isirnaginiti nwunder at the caprice of bis 1 1
outsteps, but carrying 9Vciy S'herewlth hllJ'
fixed idea, an unchanging will, ted by a pre-
Snilment. This guiding slar w as the iho'l j "
f spreading the word of God and the Bible "
mong n vast i.umher of Bouls.
"Thus it iiti religion which, in tbis young j "
vandering ap .Bile, was seking the soilj "
rhereln to so- a single ieedi ot which the
ruit hereafter was to be a thousand various e
rsia It is the glory of printing that it was!"
Wen to the world by religion, not by indus- J
ry. Religious enthusiasm was ulone worthy ; ''
o give Llrth to the instrument of truth.
A RiifuS Chaste was cross questioning I
l witness in one of the couits, a few days r
since, he asked him what profession ho fol- I
lowed tor a livelihood.
Tlie witness replied.
I am e candle of the lord minister ol
the Gospel;' v
'Of what denomination!' I
A Bat tist,' he replied.
Then you are a lift, but I trust not a wick
ed caudle,' aid I 'hoate.
I
Pennywise and his Paper.
Kvery farmer ought to takes newspaper of
some kind of oonrse a foreign one is better
than none at all. But w e reel perfectly Baff
in asserting that any oiinty paper, however
poor the meanest, moat insignificant, ahak
biest, smallest is worth lo the farmer, in
hard dollars, ten limes more than tlie laryst,
fulletl and luti fur'in paper, even when it
la AIM With caref ully selected matter, nut
previously ued w hich is not often the case.
Publishers of county papers ought not lo
undertake to compete in price with the pow
cr-preses i,nd five times used matter of mam
moth conglomerate city weeklies. It is
vain and foolish. No cuunly paper can be
iffurded at less than two dollars a year, and
t' e citizen ought not to ask it. But the peo
ple's attention ought to be turned to the rea
on lor its necessity. The very reasons lor
Ite necessity shew its value. And its value
jught to demonstrate its support.
But no:' 'I can get a huge, ungainly, vast
inper from Cincinnati fur a tljllar. I gu'sa
I won't subscribe. ' 'Ism takings Cincin
iati paper. Such are the usual answers.
Vou can get a paper for a dollar, Mr. Penny
ise! Farseeing aenl Wise country edi
:or, who talks of no 'postage to pay,' and
thus mikes it appar that his paper, after all.
s almost &s ci,er.p' the 'Cincinnati Mam
moth S'eam Bnortsr,' which Pennywise gets
riT a dollar and thir'een CCnUi al! told!
Well, Pennywise lakre s city paper, and
teiis the country editor he may 's'op ' Prob
ably too, he depei.ds upun tlie cenmunlty of
phich the editor is a portion', for his tubals
lence but no matter for tha. Perhaps he
lells his pn duce 'in town ' The first week
ae loses fifty do'lars by not knowing the
price of barley. The next week he lose I a
bargain of a hundred dollars in a piece of
laud sdvertised. The nest week he misses
i valuable agricultural item, selected for tiie
rery township in which he lives, and los-sl
twenty dollari. He wa very anxious alwiys
;o hear Mr. Thomis Traveler, lecture. He
.hiiil".s It would do bim ten dollars worth of
food at ,': 1st tor he is an intelligent man,
ii.d Would like to le'l his children years
i"nce toat he heard the famous man lecture
In the epring of '55.' S.me emerpris ng
nen induced Mr, Traveler to visit Mr. Pen
lywise's coumy town, and ll.i-y duly sdver
ised il in t!;e county paper. Next week Kr.
f. comes trotting into tcwr. as COtCplscSntlv
is if lie had heier been 'pound foolish.' Ev
irybody it laiking about 'the lecture last
aiglit-' 'Whose!' asks Pennywise. 'Oh,
the famous Mi. Traveler was here last night
Big audience, dood talk-. Never forget it
is long as I live.' 'Pshaw! why I never
Ireained of his coming here. I w ish I had
known it. Whywssn'tit advertised1'
This is the tourth week. Tiie fifth Mi63
lerusba Je.nlaMa.'aftBsrrisge is published, ami
ild Mrs. Bilkins's death. Mrs. Pennywise
icard of it at a neighbor's, and is asked,
Whv law! dont your husband Uke the pa
ter !
Tlie next week Mr. P. intends to loo'i
iharo. He Will borrow a pap?r. II? tra' -lis
a quarter of a mile through a mud ly lane
ifter it, slid spends three bonrs; 30 cts.
rhe name next week. tiO cts. Ti.e sanie
text week; y!) cts. "'he next forty-tour
veeke at thirty cents e week; 12,50 total
osttime, 14,40. But this he considers bet'
er than his first five weeks experience, in
vhicli he Ijst S 1 (JO. He is doing bravely,
md his neighbor Smith says, When he turns
lis back with the paper in bis hand, 'If II
rere us rich as Pennywise, I think l"d take
paper, and not epor je on my neighbors." '
Vnd Mrs, Smith, washing the dishes, re-;
narks, 'Pennywise seems tc be ginin' to be
dread'ul mean man.' And pretty soon the
ominunity all around w ill talk of Penny
ise as a penurious fellow.
Now let us square the accojnt
Penny wiss Dr. Fennvwiw Qr.
"osundritt ftlSO CO liyititf ier.ee
,Ost lims 14 10 between couu-
ost reputation MOD 00 ly piper sue
city paper 1 yr. 3T
To's'l 219l 40 37
37
latsttce s'at Psnnvwls Sim 30
1 I
Irish Quixotism. Some love-sick Emer-
Ider had d.-op;ied the following laconic cpi.
le in the street. In it was enclosed a, line.
linch of glossy brown hair, woich looked s
' It had been pulled out with n Giie-totri
iiinb, but w ithout the least appearance of
nvthing moveable thereon.
Och. I) ddy. rm darhnt.
Here's a lock o' m 1 lioir,
An il thsta'sasnsrl In it,
Trsth I doll'l c ire,
Aiiyhov.
I'm gain1 off, Di.idy.
To work on the track.
Ye can tak. it nnd knpe it
Until Iget back,
Hjre like.
FiT.iL Acsitest. An Irishman named1
ieorge Reed was instantly killed at Bel! Air
puterday morning ? leaping from the grav
I train of lbs C. O. Railroad. Ho waa I j
rorkuMfl on the road and, as we learn, hav
ig b"cn directed by ihe overseer to utiend to
nrlething off the train, he jumped from the ,
ont car while the Iran was in rapid motion,
-f-11 beneith 'he wheels, having his head!
otribly mangled and his legs broken in sev- j
rul places and his body otherwise frightfully j
intilattd. He waa aged aboot 20 years, had,
een in thii conn'ry but a few mouths, and
ad no relatives here. Wheeling lute),
i '
CO"Hon. Thomas II Bayly, of the Acomac 1
)istrict, in lower Virginia, is out ugaih lor
(-eleclion . He advocates many of the prin
tlplesofthe Know-Nothings, and declares
n win utit volt for Mr, Witt,
T"There are some moments in existence
vhicli comprise the power ol years, us Ihous
iiids of roses are compressed into a few drops
if their essenci).
Adversity i the true touchstone o.'merii.
terSt (licnrilir.
AGRICULTURAL.
ip'.ai
lie thnt tiy tiie pliiiff!i would thrive, r
Hiiiisclf iiiusleit.u.; hold or drive.
Raising Potatoes Under Straw.
li U CoWEtt, Coshocton, O., writes thus
to the Ohio Cultivator.
I heve this j ca- raised a crop of sound good
potatoes aa ever need he set belore Ihe most
fa-tidieui e-iicurc. Tny are spoken of of
all who ci me t our table, SS bs ng the best
they have seen (his season, set t was so
dry there that our eorn dried u, , and no' hjf
a cr .p was realised.
The plan I have adopted is n it original
wiih myself, but has been publiihed in various
agricul oral journals, and is as !ol!ows: 8.
k-ct a good. Mellow piectdf 'and, rich erievgh
lo bear good corn, eithel stubble or Bward,
und plough it th iroug ily, six or sight inches
d ep, as soon as it is dry and sufficient y warrh
for pststoes to vegetate. Harrow ami marl
offlightly with a siio'-el plo.v, one way, about
two end a half or three feet apart fc'el-cl
sound and good potatoes for seed, if you can
g-t them, and drop in the rows about eigh
teen menus apart, and cover lihtiy, ub. ut
two inches, sny. It la an Important po nt to
get th' m planted early, and I think e. rly vr
tieties do uett-r than late. Toe Biue Me
shannock, I consider equal to any extant.
The next operation is to cover the w'ole
surface of tho ground With o d straw or par
tially rotted mjnure, to the depth of five or
six inches, if the materials, used are wet, to
the depth of 10 oi 15 if dry str..w is us d, as
the latter wi.l settle MBtiuareblj wiici it be
comes moistfned by the rain
As the soil and weather are rs'.her coo! at
this teeson, I find it aavai,ta0-eoua to delay
the appliea.ion of the eiraw till the po'atoes
bave sprouted and grown nejrly to the sur
face. They thu-come forward earlier lhao
if cever, d immediately on pluming.
If the work that fur has been proper') d me,
nothing more is necessary till the pi t a toes
ara large enough to "dig and eat." Tue ad
vantug. s of ibis method are, 1. It eueUually
secures the crop ag linat the drouth.
U. Tiie crop needs no attention in the busy
part ol the s'-,-on, as no weeds will termi
nate or grow -.v'l-.ere the ground is so Coveted,
3. Il secures an abundant crop, whether
the tea-oil he wet or dry. Lot or cold.
Should the weather be . very wet putatoea
should be dug as soon as ripe, and placed in
a dry position, otherwise they rrLiy rol, at thj
stre. : is a greet retainer ot moisture.
1 think good mellow la a 1 just cleared,
would do well to plant without any pio-ving,
bu. merely drop tlte seed upon the surface,
und cover with the stiuw. in winch case, il
would njt be much trouble lo dig tho pots
toes. Try it, brother farr. cr; eat goad potatoes
next )ear, and report -tho resu't.
Sina.il Faim tii eat Prof lis,
The Toledo Repuo i.-an notices the farm
of one ol our s iliscribers. Geo. S. Breed, near
thai city, which jiiows what can be d-;ne with
a few acres.
'A liiile farm wsil ti'ied is our b' iu idt-al
ol rural life, and w hen we go to the country,
to noisa jp our moital career, webe-pesk not
over five ceres for c homestead
Tiie Republican says:
"Mr. Breed has 1 ss thun twenty-five acres
under ctil ivaticn, (which he thirjks was about
half tilled.) and bit net profits during the past
year exte id 01,000. He promises us a state
ment, givmj tiie pariieu'ers. While such
resu ta can be accoinpl S ied in a searon like
t!ie pasi, let no man complain of lite difficul
ty Of un king u living st tanning. It . prop
er to say tha Mr, Breed's idea nt good far
ming d, .!'- v ry .nuch from Uiose of many
who ollo.v Lbii business.'' Ohm Farmer.
SPARE YOUR TREES.
Civiltzalioh uses a vast amount of wood,
tilth ugh for many put posea it is being fast
scpersoded; but it is not the necee'sry use of
wood that is sweeping away tho forests of
the Un ted Btatet so mueh as its WsnlOS de
struction. We should look to the consequen
ces ot this. Palestl a, once trail wooded and
cultivated like a garden, is no a deaorl
the haunt of B iduuios Greece, In her palmy
d vs, the la id of laurel forests, is now a des
olate was.e. Persia and Bab) fin, in the
cradle of lU'ilzatioii, are now covered be
Death the send of the dessrtt, produced bytb
eralicatlon of her fore-ts. It is cmpsrative
If sssy to oradiea e ill - tore-fs of the North,
for they sre of e gegirlous order cn cists
surceeil.ng anot'i-r; Out tkstroplis! forests,
com; a dot ii.nimeraOi vaneti-s, crrowing
logetlirr in the most democratic uni n and
e.iu ilily , ar never eradicated. Keen in Hio
dostan. its msnv ruliliont m ppel.liti bave
never been this to conquer its pooi nx life of
its tropical vegeiation. Furetis act us rigu
latura. preserving snow and rain from melting,
an I evaporation, tnd pro luting a regularity
in the (low ol the rivers that drain llieru.
When they d sappear thunder s;urmt becom
less frequent and n o e heavier, ihe tno v
melts in Ike hi st w inn days of spring earn
ing freshets; and in the fall, the rivers dry up
an 1 eeate to be navigable. Tness f.enheie
mid drouths produce also the malaria, which
is the scourge f the Wes e. n bottom lands.
Forests, although they are at first an obstacle
to civilization, soon become mce.sary lo its
; oontinusuce,
Our rivers, not having t eir sources tbove
the snow line, are depi tide.it on forettt for
their supply of water, end il is essential to
the fin lire prosperity of ihe country that they
honld b? f feterved. Staian Islander.

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