Newspaper Page Text
AGRICULTURAL FAIR. TO BE HELD IN ST. CLAIRSVILLE On Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, The 3d, 4th & 5th of Oct., 1855. LIST OF PREMIUMS TO BE AWARDED HORSES. CLASS 1-THOROUGH To be owned or stood in the county. Best. J Best. Ftallionr, - Dip? end $30 $20 Satisfactory evidence of un- -broken pedigree mml to furnished lha. committee. Brood Mares, Dip. and 1ft To bt owned in the county. 10 Roadsters of Horses best adapted to Saddle and Light Harness. CLASS II. But. Stallion 4 year old Dip. end 86 do 3 vesrs old, 5 ,! a 4 do 1 " " Hpring Colt, either sex, 3 Sd beet do do O. Cult. 2d Best. Brood Mate, 4 yrs. Dip and 6 Filly, S yrs, 4 do, 2 dj 3 do 1 do 3 Saddle Horse, Geld, or Mare 6 Pr Matched Horses, 8 Sinn'la Driver. 4 3 O. Cult, 4 6 Committee Dr John Mr-xander.Jshn Har ris, of Goshen, Dr J T Updcgraff, Jesse Buo ly, J W Mitchell. 4 1 41 3', 5 3 ' j 1 3 , CLASS III. HORSES OF ALL WORK. Best. Stallion, 4 years, Dip and $8 do Colt, 3 do 8 do do 3 do 4 do do 1 do 4 ' 3 Spring Colt or I illy, '3 3d best do dj Brood Mare, ' Dip. snd 8 Filly, 3 yesrs 4 do 3 do 3 do 1 do 1 Spriiig Colts 3 Pr Matched Geldinps or Mares a) Sinj'.e Gelding or Mure 4 $4 . 4 3 3 ' 3 j 1 1 4 ' 3 1 9 , CLASS IV. DRAUGHT HORSES. Stallion 4 years Dip and 0 do Colt 3 do do do 2 do , do do 1 do Brood Mure, Filly, 3 years do 3 do do 1 do Pr Draft Horses or Mores, Sing'e do do Spring Colts, either sex '31 Best 4 a 0 5 4 3 a 4 3 1 Booker, E)lirniin Geo B'-'.hel, of ' Committee Snmuel F McClory, Joel Dawson, Flushing, Thos. Sweeney, of Wheeling chairman. CLASS V. JACKS, JENNETS AND MULES. Ze st Jack, "Jennet, Diploma, do 3d Best. Best. Pair Mules, 85 3 Single do 9 1 Committee Msj Tho Thompson, Junltin son Parks. CLASS VI. CATTLE-DURHAMS THEIR GRADES. Bull, 4 years, $5 4 do 3 do 4 3 do 3 do 3 3 do 1 do 3 1 Cow 4 vs. old 6 4 " 3 11 4 3 " a " " 3 3 .1 j 11 11 j 1 Spring Calf, either stx, 3 3 3d best do do 81 bpnng Lalves of both sexes, competing tsgether or against each other. Committee Mnj 1 Noiswangcr, John Al Isn, Townsend Frasicr. CLASS VII. DEVONS AND THEIR GRADES. Vest. 86 ti Beat. do 3 do 4 1 do 3 do 3 1 do;i do i I Cow 4 yrs. old 6 4 .1 3 11 ii 4 3 11 .j 11 11 .3 3 1 1 11 11 2 Spring Calf, either sex, 9 3d Best do do 81 Spring Calves of both aexos, competing, together or against each other. Committee Huht Wilson, Ohio co., Vs., Abner Lodge, J W Frasirir. 4 CLASS VIII. MISCELLANEOUS CATTLE. Best, 3d Bust. V files) Work Oxen, 3 years, Qualities of draught to be tested 5 I Fst BuIIik k to weigh Jot less than 1400 lbs gross. 4 Dairy Cow, (any brued) pro duos to bo cerliliod to by disinterested witneat 5 3 CLASS IX. SWINE. Jiett. 3d Best. Bisrsvsr 1 year 6 .3 do tinder 1 yr 4i over 6 mss 3 9 Brood Sow, 1 year, 8 de ' do under do I 3 Litter pigs, not less.than 6 m. 4 9 Committee Calvin llassen.James Young, Win. Gosseil. CLASS X. FINE WOOLED SHEEP. Merinos, and Grades. best. SJDist. Buck over 1 year, 84 3 do unCer I do 8 3 84 8 4 AND iliit. 4 3 Best pen of 6 Ewss, FRENCH MEUINOES SAXONS. 3d Best. Suck csr 1 yrar, do under 1 do Best pen of 6 Ewss, 4 '. Uoraiiiiiore Charles II Arrlck, J A Work. Henry Naff. . CLASS XI. LONG WOOLED & MUTTON SHEEP. .V-.i ; . Best. Bast Buck em pns year 6 do under do 3 ii psn of A ewe 6 tie spring Lauib sithsr sos 3 uo Mutton sheep 3 3d Bsst; 3 9 8 3 3 SOUTH DOWNS. tel. 'ii Brit. Buck over I year 6 3 do under I year I do Ten of 6 Ewea 6 3 do Spring Lamb either sex 3 ' 3 do Mutton sheep 3 Committee Jacob Hall.Moiet Bcggs.Wil- Lucas. CLASS XII. POULTRY. Puir White Shanghais 9 1 C Colored do 3 1 Pair Cochins 9 1 Pair Brahma's 9 1 do Black Spanish 9 1 do Jersey Blue 9 1 c"o White Dorking 9 1 do Turkeys 9 . 1 do Ducks 9 1 do Gpeso 9 I de (iuinons 9 1 Greatcit and bcit display by ono Exhibitor. 0 Committee Dr. Dallas, Francis D. Fox, D. S. Adams. S 3 CLASS XIII. FARMING IMPLEMENTS. Bes. Flow for general pjrposes Dip. and do do do 6.00 4,00 4,00 4,00 6.00 4, 3,00 3,00 3,00 4,00 3,00 10,00 10,00 2,eo Stvard Plow Sidchill Plow Subsoil Plow Wheat Drill Corn Planter Seed Planteror hand or horse Lame Harrow Corn Cultivator Field Roller Horso Hny Rake Mowing Machino Reaping Murhine Grain Cradle Specimen hand hny rskee J dozen. Scythe Snath Specimen of hoes Ox Yoke Farm Wagon Family carriage Straw &. Hay cutter Buggy Corn f.tulk cutter dip and 1,90 1,00 1,00 1,00 6,00 6,00 3,00 3.00 6,00 6,01 6,00 3,0 3,00 8,00 6,00 Corn and Cub Mill Corn Shcller (horse power) do (hand power) Vegetable Root cutter Threshing Machine Clover liullins do For the best exhibition of farm implement own bA and exhibited bv olio fanner, 5,1)0 Tho above class of articles to bo entitled to draw premiums must bo manufactured by exhibitor- Committee Emor Bales, John Lewis Sutton. John Bundy. Welsh, CLASS XIV. LEATHER GOODS. Best. Sd Bust Sample Furm Harness c!o Curriugo Harness Huddle fur man 3,00 3,00 3'00 3,00 3,00 2,00 1,00 !, 1,00 1,00 3,00 Side do Trunk . Puir lino borts Coarse da Fine shoes 3 side solo leather 3 do upper do i doz. culf skins It diz. kip do 3;00 Committee Isaac Aakow.Wilmsth Jones, Joel Elliott. CLASS XV. CABINET & OTHER WOOD WORK. Boat Funcy Bureau, 83 "do Sofa .3 do Ilcdstoad, do 4 dozen Fancy chairs, do Rocking chair, do Churn, do Specimen of coop)ry, do i dozen common brooms, do Specimen coin., baskets, do Pump for Well, Committee Hugh Ferguson 9 3 3 9 3 3 3 1 Andrew Grubb, John Frint. CLASS XVI HARDWARE AND CASTINGS. Best sot of Farmer's Edge-tools, do Cook Stove, do Parlor do do Pr Horse Shoes, do Specimen horso shoe nails, do do Axes. do Assort copper or tin ware each do Pr Drawing chains do do llrcast do do Ox chain, do Show caso of cutlery, co Specimen Horse-shoeing, do Matlock, Committee Humphrey Alexander, Hiram Boroll', P M TIioiims. CLASS XVII. CLASS XVII. FACTORY GOODS Cloths, Satinetti, and other Fancy Goods. Boat Piece 10 yards Factory Cloth, 83 do do Sutinett, do do Flannel, do de 15 yds Wool Carpet do do 10 yds Jeans, no do 10 yds Tweed, do Assortment Silk Goods, 3 do Piece oilier Factory Goods each, 1 Committee Jus W Hutchinson, Win Tid bull, James Bulterworlh. 3 3 8 9 3 DOMESTIC MANUFACTURES. Best yards Domestic Linen, 83 do Diaper Tuble Cloth, 3 do I'r Coverlets. 3 ' do pr blankets 8 do Bod Quill, 9 do 10 yards Rag Carpel, 9 do 10 do Wool do 8 cu Heurth Rug, 3 do Pieco Domsstio Flannel, 9 do Pr Couu'm panes, 3 do 1 lb Sowing Thread, 1 do 1 lb Woolen Vitro, 1 do 3 pr Woul or Cotton Socks, 1 do Made Shirt. 1 do Fancy Fly Brushes, 1 do Variety do 3 do and nualcst made Lady's Dress 3 do Children's Hats or Caps, 1 Committee R E Csrothers, Mrs Thoburn Mrs Lewis Sutton. CLASS XVIII. NEEDLE, SHELL & OTHER FANCY WORK. Best Bonnet and Trimming do Specimen Embroidery esch do do, Fancy Needle Work, do do do do do do do do do do Othsr Fancy Work, do Shell Woik. do Vi Flowers, do do Fruit. do Bead Work, Variety of Ornaments, Lamp Mat, ; Variety Worsted Work, Ltdy's Cap Committee Mrs I Neiswanger.Mrs Judge Keniion, Mrs II Kinsey. CLASS XIX. CLOTHING. &c, Best made Overcoat, 9 da Dress coat, 9 do Vost, j 1 do Pants, 1 3d best In the above class, I the above rntes. Committee Eugene Naglc, M Edwards, Troll. CLASS XX. FLOUR, BREAD, HAMS, ND DAIRY PRODUCTS. Best Flour.from least qttan. 2d beat do do 3 Best Hams, country cured, do Hams made Bread, do Baker's do do 6 lbs Eutlr, nmle m Spring, 1 do do so do 1 lbs. co Fresh, 1 do do do 60c do Country Cheese, 1 2d do do 60c Process of manufacture to be furnished in writing to tho corrmitlee. Committee YmJ Crymblo, H Kinsey Mrs a BentIey,Mrs. J Lippincott.Mrs Stecn red. PRODUCTS. CLASS XXI. FRUIT. Best. 3d Best Specimen Autumn Apples, 1 60c do Winter do 1 60c 60c 60c 60 e 60c do Peaches, do 1 do Pears, do 1 do Grapes, do 1 do Quinces, do 1 Each specimen of tho abovo to concini uf uui less inan J pa Specimen Plums, . I do Liiornc.i, strawuerries,' Gooseberries, Grapes, Nec tarine each plutn full to constituto a spe cimen of tho above: SOc Greatest and best assortment not less than 10 varieties of Apples, by one exhibitor $3 Greatest and best variety sf all other Fruits bv ono exhibitor. loininittco Kev. A 1 oung, Joseph Harris, Joel Wood. Committee on Summer Fruits Tho Kditors, 3 CLASS XXII. VEGETABLES, GRAIN, &c. Sweet Potatoes, do risli do do do do do ! do 4 Onions, Tomatoes, Parsnips, f 'urrots, Heels, Obboees, 50 50 St) 60 5U do Specimen Watermelons, do do M uxkini'luns, ko do Pumpkins, do do Siiuaxhes. do do Wheat, Ityr, Oals, Barley, Buckwheat, Corn in the eur samples nut less than i hii?li. each SO Committee Isaac Taggafl,P Askew, F Coggs 5D j ! AO j 5 1 1 - CLASS XXIII. PAINTINGS AND DESIGNS. Painting in Oil, do do Wuter, do Cruyon drawing, do spec. innn Daguerreotypes, d do Cut Marble, do Variety of Marble Work, do Design of Farm Buildings, do do Cottsgo do 1 do do Floral do do Specimen Kngravings, S Committee Muj I Nciswangor, Hugh Ander son, T 11 Leu in. CLASS XXIV. FLOWERS, &C. Dast exhibit of Pot Flowers, do do Cut do do do Dahlia, do do Evergreen, do do ol the uhova varieties or 1 copy of Florncultiirn. SOc 60 50 50 Committee Mrs J 11 Ileatun, Mrs D S Adams, Mrs C i! Ariek. MISCELLANEOUS LIST. Hunt. Sd Best. Piekles, Preserves, Sic. $1,00 5llo Committee Mrs. Merriman, Airs. S. Booker, Mrs. J. M. Mitchell. M ISCKLI.AN KOl'S CUKIOS1TI Eft. Committee Judge Cowcn, Daniel Peck, Jus. Weir. Appropriate premiums will bo offered for the best specimens of Feniuln Equestrianism. FIELD CROPS. Best 3d Best. For tho greatest yield of wheat not less than .'ID hush, to tho aero, and not less than 3 ucrcalO.OO Best corn do 111,(10 do Oala do 5,1111 do Barley do 8.IHI do yield of Hay 10,(111 do a aero Potatoes 5,00 5,0(1 5,1111 3.110 4,0(1 b,()0 1,00 Committee Crawford Welsh, tr. Jesso Bar ton, lion. W. II men, Best managed Farm 20,00 3d do do 10,110 Condition of Stato Fair of last year a to management of farm In bo complied with. Committee J. W. Fruaier, Nicholas Coopor, Kev. Young, Chairman. TEMPERANCE MEETING. a previous call, the frionda of temperance mot at Retd's Halt, May 18, 1855. Owing to thj inclency of the weath er adjourned to msct at the same place on tho 10th ult. Tho citizens of Barnesvillo and vicinity meet, in accordance with said ad journment, and organized by appointing E. u. Barnes Chairman, and E. Ramsey, Sec. When lha following preamble and resolu tions waa reportod by the committee appoint ed at the previous meeting and unanimously adoptod: Whereas; Whenever the opportunity has occured for so doing, tha poeple of Belmont Ci unty have signilisd thoir disapprobation of the use of alcoholic liquors, and havo em phatically enrolled thomselvos or the side ol Temperance, and behoving is We do, that tho welfare ir tha Stats of the msrals of the community of progress and improve ment dep. nd in a greut measure on anbrietv snd that tha use of alcoholic driuks tends to drunkenness poverty and crime There lore, Resolved, That as citizons, feeling a doep interest in the good of Society, as a band of oromers malting common came against tha conunen foe, we feel it to bo our duty, oarly to proslsm our unalterable determination to support no one at the coming legislative election, who is not a decided friend of tha lemporance reformation. ResolveJ, That, no one of the parties have a right to complain of our not acting with them, if, after this declaration they (ail to present to tho people Tomporance men. iusoivea, i hat in our opinion tho people of Ohio want a Law similar to the Maine 1.SW, and that we heaitily join in lha same. Resolved, That tho proceedings of this meeting be published in the county pupers, snd that lha Secretary be requestld to fur nish for E. D. BARENS, Prest. E. RAMSEY, Sec'y. DmoctATic Fimissj to a Max Black wood a Aisgaiine, in a uulice af tha death of Nicholas refers to tha cssa of tha French- mast who was sent out of St. Pstersburgh for muting- a eigar in lha strest before tha Em peror, and adds lha following "There la no doubt of it) the cigar in tha mouth gives a ctrtttiusmo.iaiis flniskto a man." THE BELMONT CHRONICLE. 'Eternal hostility to etrry form of tyr nnny over the mild of. Han." the Thursday Morning, Juno 14, 1855. of REPUBLICAN MASS MEETING. A Mass Meeting f tho Republi can Tarty will be held at the Court House in St. Cluirsville, on tho 4th day of July next, for toe putposc of selecting delegates to icprcsent Bel mont County in tho Convention to be held at Columbus cn tho 13th of July, and for tho transaction of such other business as rnajbe brought bc foro the meeting. , By order of tho Central Com. C, C. CARROLL, Chairman. June 2, 1855. June 2, 1855. THE AMERICAN PLATFORM. : After much suspense in the part ot many persons in Ohio in relaton to the position of tho American nartv of this state, the true nosition of that party It known to the world aii pontons remised the difficulty which would aiUe in an attempt to harmonize the different members of a party who wera re cently members of opposite political organiza tions. Much uneasiness wts manifested that tho action of he State Convention would bo of such a nuturo that the American Reform nnrtv. but lately so powerful, would bo dis- 1 - A-irnnizntt nml disnprsac. Tha State Con vention assembled, passed a series of reso lutions, and adjourned. How. far the resolu tions will avail in binding the party toget'ier the future must tell, we only know what tho resolutions ore, and propose to discuss them. lat. They proclaim "unlimited Freedom ol ltcligion, aisConneKea. Wltn pontics, uuu l.m-. 1. -!-... !n ., ,. nOStllliy I" t'UUIC&IUHUeai luiiucilvo uun affairs of government,' &c. It is a historical fnrt that in countries where there is a union of Church and State persecutions, and oppressions on account of religious belief are rife, It was with a view to this well known fact, no doubt, that the resolftion was passed. It takes the Consti tutional ground, and nllcws all men "to wor ship Gud according to the dictates of their own consciences." 3d. Refers to tho naturalization of Foreigners, Our views upon this sub ject, are and always have been peculiar. We aro not in favor of refusing to naturalize aiV foreigners until they hove been here twenty ono years. We think it proper to allow a foroigner to abjure his connection, and al legiance to the foreign power to which he was subject as soon alter ho arrives in our country as possible, but II withhold from him the right of suiTraga unrff he Is thoroughly scnuuinted with our language, appreciates the relation of the peoploto their law mak ers, and understand our fom of government. When he is well acquain'ea with all these let him be admitted to aRthe privileges of citizenship, and no soonei, whether -it be in one year or fifty. These are our views in re lation to naturalization; trey may be visionary and impracticable, but na entertain them honoitly, novcrthleas. 3d. The third jcsoluton is all right. When a man csmes herefrom another conn- j try submit to our laws, aid becomes one ol us, ha is no longer a foregnrr, but an Ameri can. 4lh. Their action on he slavery question is right, and proper, Nether too blustering, nor too sycophantic. It okes the right view, we think, of tha Nebraska outrage, and de mands in a proper spirit, .he rodreas of griev ances inflicted in the ncv territory. If tho party possesses sulficioniiacA'-Zione to stand up to this resolution they w ill find themselves the only party in Ohio in another yoar. We fosr, however, that they vill prove mucilagin ous on this subject, yot hepa (or the best. 6th. Non-intorventiou in the affairs of other States, is depreca es, but sympathy never withhold. This wis always the policy of Washington, and has besn the policy t' nine-tsnths of our people :vr years. It is the only truo ground fur us to occupy, and j the only position in which we are safe. Cth. Protects American industry against the adverse influence of foreign nations; re commends tho inmroTomeut of Rivers and Harbors', and the consliuctioa of National Roads connecting tha Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Of course after fighting for years for these same piincipler we will not aband- on them because another! party chooses to mnke thorn a part of their platform. Far from it we still occupy hat platform, and hope wo always shall. 7th. It would be treasbn to oppose. 8th. Comprises a systfm of State policy which will suit every patriotic citixen of Ohio. As it was becomiig so apparent to all taxpayers that our taxss were a burden, too grievous to be borne, and that each suc cessive leg:slaturo only mido matters worse, it seemed high that some action was tskon to put a stop to the indiscriminate squander ing of the public monoy. New let the party abolish thair secrecy, and they will be pretty near the right thing. If they are willing to take advice from an outaider wa wou'.d advise (hem to select their best men for Legislators, men who have experience In law making, and who know what tha people want, and nut a let of man who, though able enough, and har.eat enough for all practical purposes, yet have ne more idea o! ts rsal wanU af tka people Use Khan of Tartary or the man in the moon. Ohio has had suchnicn in her legislature too long, and it is becoming a byword and a tervn reproach to her. Tha platform may bs found in another portion of this paper. ,v-SV ,- 0 tent In the Moviwo-k call apuea-ed In the Isst Chronicle. requesting iho "Belmont County HipMiian Central Comrrlhieo," to meet on Inst tinturaky, to appoint delegates to the Convention lo be held at Columbus His 1 Jill ot July."L.if nro. When will our neighbor of the Gatette $ Cititen learn to tell tho truth1 We ask this question In all earnestness, and expect an answer. How did he find that tho Central Committee was called together ror tho pur pose of appointing Delegates lo the 13lh of July Convention) If he will read that call again, and then honestly give his Impressions thereof he must confess to being mistaken in reference to tho purpose for which the Convention was called. Below is a copy of the call os it first appeared) tha CENTRAL COMMITTEE. The Belmont County Republican Central Com mittee are requested 10 meet at my ollica in the town ol ht. Oliiiravuie, on baturUny, the 'M day o June next, at the licur ol' So'clock, P. M. The cnl ling ot a meeting to appoint delegates to tlieTjon vention to bo held at Columbus on tha 13th of July, and other important business will bo brought tno toininuico. C. CARROLL, Ch'n. Com. May 18 1855. 07" Barnum's Booty Show, as the N. Y. Tribune calls it, come off according to notice. The irrt ninni f enA which was to be derived from tl is exhibition to the human race, in the better developement or the ris ing generation is summed up by the Tribune reporters follows: "The baby who took the premium of $100 as the handeomest in the collection somehow escaped tho notice ot reporters. Its name is Charles Oilnndo Scottj it was born Feb. 18. 1851; the lather is 30 years oM and the mother 28; tha mother has had two children before-, slia "lived Ireclv" lor the yoar previous to its birth; she indulged during that time 111 general domestic excreise; its birth wns regular, and i: has been bathed Tin cold water Winter and Summer. Mr. Utirnum speaks in very high terms ol the beauty of tlio mother. The mutiier and child will bo enthroned to-day and through the week lor tlic.nublic raiilicntion of the awuru. After that it can bs found at No. 36U i'ourth-av. Its lather is a coachman. It is therefore definitely ascertained that a hiindsomo baby must have a liandHomo moth tint she must have Had twocliiiiiren ne lore, mat ulin inn.t livn f..lv In'm frin,.rnl ilmn,t i.'. I'Tf-ri ifl on level land, audtlial Iter liusu.mu niustue a eoaen nian. Barnum, howevei, true to his natural pro. clivilies, has an eye to tho profits, and whuth or the exhibition Is a Fojeo mermaid, an old nigger, or a buby show, ho makes it py. An Iiifa. The Hudson Gazette says that at i marble yard near its office they ore preparing grave atones with dncuerreoiyuesof the deceased set ir marble. The idea is ooetic. and il generally follow etl would mnke living galleries, through which the eye would delight to wander, it the gloomy crave yard. II hreling Uazeltc The idea is not new. Mr.' R. II. Evans tho scurptor, of your city, assisted by Mr. Faris, the Daguerrean Artist, has executed at least one joo of tho kind. ECONOMY IN RAIL ROAD ENTERPRISES. Any one can see at a glunco that to make a rail road enterprise remunerative the strict est economy is necessary in all its monetary transactions. In times of great financial em barrassment the bonds or Counties and cor porations have been bartered away at 10, 30, 40, and 60 per cent discount. At this rate it is impossible that rail roads should pay a fair dividend. If a rail road, by carelessness and extravagance costs $40,000 per mile, and an this having investment pays a dividend of 5 per cent., by economy in its construction, and a judicious disposition of tho paper, it might have been built, for $20,000 per mile, when the dividend would be 10 per centum 1 his is an plain proposition, and needs no illustration. The C. M. St T. rail road is graded, and bridged, lias the cross ties on, and the comp any have secured the right of way, to Mas silon, a distanco of CO miles from its place of beginning, for less than $4,000 per milo. This can be finished for $7,000 per mile, in addi tion, which will make $11,000 per mile, to put the road in good running order. The following article from Herpath's Jour nal is applicable to the question. We cotr- mend it to the pcrsual of persons interested in railroad enterprises Take care of the Capital Account and the Revenue will take care of Itself. It is a re markable fact that thoue lines in England which pay remunerative dividends ate those whose capital cost la light. From the same cause and no other, aro the French railways excollent properties. Nothing is more easy of explanation than this circumstance. The business or railways is always highly profitable, but it is aeldoin the capital expenditure is otherwise than ex travagant. Thus it is that those railway companies which realize the largest amount of profit disburse the lowest rate of dividend. Let a lino have the muderuto extent ol Ira Ilia rftprsientsd by -10 per mile per week, or (about) 2000 per mile per annum. The expenses being 50 per cent. nvre than which they are not generally here is profit 1,000 per inilo per annum applicable to the payment of interest or dividend (or which ia usual, tu both interest and dividend) on what ever capita! has been expended, if the capital expended has been 10,800 par mile the dividend will be 10 per cent, per annum. Supposing no part of the 10,000 ctpital was ruiseu on loan, but it is generally the case that at least ono third of tho wholo capital is borrowed 3,000 of the 10,000 per mile boing borrowed at the fixed rate of interest of 6 per cent.; there would be 150 of the 1, 000 per mile per annum profit for interest en loans, and 330 applicable to the payment of dividend on 7,000 per mile raised by or dinary share capital. This would afford a dividend al the rale of about 12 per cent., per annum. But if the capital expended be 30,000 mile, one third borrowed at 6 per cent., the same rate of revenue profit will afford a dividend of only 2 por cont. per aa num in place of 13. It is a great misfortune in railway affairs that the men who generally control and di rect the expenditure in the construction of railwaya are profession illy prejudiced in fav or of an extravagant course. Who eelects the line, and thereby determines the materi al part of the capital sestl The engineer. What iniersst haa tha engineer is (selecting that lies whisk will eareuater tka least ex- of tunneling, bridging, cutting, embank mart, snd other heavy works which run away with the money by millions, of mnke or mar llu undertaking In a commercial ichae1 nine cases out ot tan nofte whatevor. His bjeel is to construct lha finest work of art greatest wondex of the age. To form longest and most difficult tunnel is to create a world-wide fame for the engineer, though it ba the ruin of the unfurtunato mea. shareholders. A I hamrs tunnel or a Menal bridge will make a great engineer, but destroy the prospects of remuneration to the share holders. The genius of the engineer should be di rected '.o following the course of tl.a share holders' Interest, which could be readily ac complished by compelling him lo invest a ton sideraile portion of his salary in the shares of Hit company as a permanent investment. 1 this had been done in the first instance, we would have had mora lines made for 6,000 par mile than 50,000. Ano:her plan would bo la givs the engineer a large per ccntage on I all savings on capital cost. This plan has been most advantageaia adopted by a foreign railway company, who by this means are now constructing lines at 4,000 per mile, while a simlar line a part of the same cost in former times 11,000 per mile, under a sys tem not considered extravigant, We wish to impress on shareholders the Importance of economising capital, since it is the extravagant expenditure of it which most detrimental to their interests. It is curious fact, that the shareholders generally busy themselves with matters of trifling im portance such as the amount of salary eiven aecretary, or even the sum weekly spent n pens, ink, and paper and neglect the all mportant subject of capital expenditure. They will readily vote away a million for fanciful 'improvements' or useless alterations, which inflict a permanent charge of 50,000 a year, while they will spent hours in dis cussing the propriety of spending one or two hundred a year, subject at any 'line to altera tion. In those few cases where the princip al attention of the parties has been directed to saving capital, such as the Dresdie rail way, the Blyth and Tyne, the Lancaster and Carlisle, tho Hull and Holderness, &c, the dividends are good, although the traffic is not Iarse. Economise canitul expenditure you would obtain good dividends. The re venue account is of minor importance. If you will attend to capital account you may leave the revenue to take care of itself. The expenses are sure not to exceed a certain per centage of the receipts, and the scale of current expenditure may be at any time re vised, whilo capital, when once spent, can never be recovered its interest charge is permanent. half the out a EDITORIAL BEVITIES recently, damages to the amount of $4,500 from the Central Ohio Rail Road Company for injuries receiv ed on the road sometime last summer. OCTln Canada'gna. N. Y. the American ticket was elected by 144 majority. 03The Grasshoppers have made their ap pearance in g.-eat numbers in some parts of Muskingum Co., Ohio. Clover fields have already been badly injured by tbeu. QtjA Wisconsin judge haa recently decid ed that an action for slander does not lie against a lawyer, for words spoken in sn argument before a jury. 07"The Massachusetts delegates of the National American Council had some diffi culty in obtaining ssats on account of the bitter opposition of the pro-slavery mon from the South. Verily, Massachusetts has fright ened the South from her peace on the slavery question. fjirTiioe. L. Jewett has been elected President of the Steubenvillo & Indiana R. R. Co., in the placo of IVm, B. Hubbard. Mr. Jewett has been acting as Vice PreBi dent.but will now discharge the duties of both. OrThe Beverly Gazelle has "gone dead." M-. Baker, its editor, says it would not pay. He feelingly takes his leave of those who helped him with thoir money, and those who thought thoy helped him with' their gas. We wish Lu. success in whatever enterprise be may engage in. 03The Lancaster (Pa.) Savings Bank has failed. The Treasurer hss been arrested on a charge of embezzlement. i7"The Carrol Free Press comes to us this week in a new suit, p'esenting quite a "Sunday-go-to-meeting" appearance. We are pleased at this evidence of the success of tho editors. We wish them every blessing as they battle in the good cause, and while they travel on in the good work we only hope the scnor may not tripp, nor the junior find Dame Fortune coy. C-By the V. Y. Tribune we learn that tho National Council of Know Nothings commenced its session in Philadelphia on the 5th int. There scams to bo considerable difficulty between the Northern and Southern delegates on the troublesome slavery ques tion. There will no do ibt be a stormy timo when they i cm i to erect their platform; the Tribune reporter premises that the Ohio platform will be offered by tho Northern Delegates. He also notices a strong desire o re-establish the Missouri Compromise line, and to extend it to the Pacific. E. B. Hart- Ult, of Ky., has been elected President for tho ensuing year. Gov. Gardner, of Massa chusetts was second best. The proceedings thus far have been merely preliminary. We will give the most importsnt parts of their proceedings in our next. What rus thi Nobtb to do with Slats ayl .John W. Bell, i well known yaung free mulatto from Dayton, 'Ohio, 18 years of age who, his beon of late employed on the Ohio' and Mississippi river.was recent'.ytaksn from the steamer Falls City,' and claimed aa a alave, at Grand Lake, Ark. He fortunately met with a gentleman who wrote to his friends at Dayton, aad steps were immediately taken to restore him to liberty. If he does escape slavery, however, he must fay the expenses of his imprisonment, which his Good Sasiarilan friendtwrites will probably "be great before he gets out."' Surely he and his friends will lavesosasthisg to de with slavery .-Pitt. Bis. EDITORIAL BEVITIES EUROPEAN NEWS. EDITORIAL BEVITIES EUROPEAN NEWS. ARRIVAL OF THE AFRICA. Halifax. Jute. -The Africa arritsi at pasr4 to-day with dated to tha JGth. The Vienna Uonlerencss are is us ri-opn- A aecret expedition is preparing la the Cri The seige is unchanged. Gen. Pellissisr con templates an attackvii Russians in the field. The latcat r ngngomont before the flag stair battery, the French destroyed the Russia, works. The Conferences, as reported, opened on Monday the 33th. On the 15th Const Buol had aa interflo w with Lord Westm rland. Count Bourguenri suggested that the mem bers of the Conference meet again. The French snd EnglUh Ministers could not give reply. It Is understood if they assent thst Buol will again attempt to arrange the third point. Parliament adjoO'ned tin Jure sin. On the 34th Palmerston had a meeting of member! Ol rarumeni at noust suu pre sent. P.ejcei'iigs harmonious. It was expected that by June 30 every available man in Britain belonging to the in- fantry regimcat will have embarked for the warr Palmerston expects to obtain a pardon for Smith O'Brien. The shin G. L. Sampson, of New York, waa burnt a ees ca the 4th of May. All on board saved. The steamer Sarah Sands has been takcji as a troop ship. ' The purse in the great Derby race waa won b7 Wild Darell. A severe earthquake was felt at Ankland, New Zealand, Feb. :2th. Queen Victoria will visit Paris on the 19th of August. The Basquo provinces are tranquil, The King of Sardinia's infant so.i is dead. ' It is said the king will go to Crimea. Rusia has annexed four large districts of country belonging tJ Mogul tribes on the frontiers of China. A supplement to the press De Orient, publishes on dits relative to a bloody battle on the hights of Balaklava, between a Rusian division and a corps of Turks and Egrptains. Attamuity is said to have held the Russians in check for U hours, when a reinforcement Irom the allies forced the Russians to retire. Cronstrndt is declared in a state of siege. It is calculated that the addition to the Russian army, to bo made under the last ukase will consist of 250,000 men. Melbourne, Narch 8. We have the pain ful details of the Peruvian ship Grimerva, Penny master. The Captain and five of Jthe craw reached Melbourne. The Grimerva Iv as wrecked on her paseage to Calloa. Six hundred and forty Chinese emigants were on board, nearly all of whom were drowned. Toere were but few survivors except the offi cers snd crew. There was terrible Buffering in the boats before they were picked up. Arrest or a Ml-idbiei. His Course sioh of TH3 Deed. A few days since we since we stated that a young man named Samuel GroffoZios Gaff had been arrested on suspicion of being engaged in the late burglury of Martin, Anshutx & C'o.'s office. Immediately after his arrest his appearance and person answered the description of a man who, a few weeks since, at a late hour of night, went into a farmer's house near Madi son, in this county, and, after fastening the doors, informed tho wife, who was then sole occupant of the house, thut he was captain of a band of robbers, and threatened to take her life if she did not allow him to Bearch tho premises, and take whut money he could, find. GrofT ransacked tho premises, and suc ceeded in finding $22, which he appropriated and left. Ou the strength of those suspici ons, the farmer's wife (whose name we have forgotten) was sent for, end after an exami nation before tho Police Court, in the course of which Groff was fully identified, and was committed to jail to answer at court. To use Groff's own language, he was fully convinc ed that the evidence in this latter charge waa very conclusive; that he would "go to tho penitentiary as sure as he stood a trail;" and to escape from the Hamilton county jail waa impossible. After making these statements, he informed the jailor McLean that he had something on his mind which he desired to disclose. Groff then stated that about tho last of September, in the evening, he went to the house of John Burrison, in Richmond, Jefferson county, Ohio, and asked for work. Burrison remarked: "I have no work for you." Groff insisted, and finally said, "D a you it's money I want, and I am going to have it, or your lifo" accompanying the remark by brandishing a large bowie knifo in the air. -Mrs. Burrison instantly seized a riflo gun, and handed it to her husband, who, before he could raise it, waa grappled by Groff, and a seullle ensued, during which the gun fell to the florr. Groff then inflicted a severe wound in Burrison's neck, when the latter cried murder, and begged his wife, who stood helpless through fright, to call In the neigh bors. Groff, however, succeeded in plung ing the knife to its hilt, three limes into Bur rison's sideband the third time, wrenching the blude in the woiinc", Burrison full sense less to tho floor. By thi time the neighbors began to ba alarmed, and Groff made good his escape. Since that time Burrisoi has been sinking and failing under the effects of the injuries he then received, and when Deputy Sheriff Thompson, in answer to a dispatch, left Sleubenville fur this city, to take Groff buck with him, Burrison was very low, and was not expected to live from one day to another. Groff is only about twenty-one years of age, and is intelligent looking; but, from hie own history of himself, he'is, certainly old in crime, and possessor of a very black and de praved heart. He confesses to numerous crimes which he hss committed, but saya that when he reaches Steubenvillo, where he has been raised, he will obtain $300, now in the hands of his guardian, and by the pro per uso of it, will ultimately make his escape. As stated in our iasue of Saturday, Groff was taken to Stubenville on the early Saturday morning's train. He was heavily ironed. Cin. Gatette. The Ohio State Journal, of Friday efening, says the Board of Control of the State Bank of Ohio adjourned Thursday, after a session of five days. John Andrews, Esq., was unani mously elected President, in jthe place of Judge Swan, resigned. John R. Finn, Esq., was elected Vice President. It is understood, that all the bills under rive are to be signed by the Vice President. to-The Greek Slave is en exhibiten i i Wheeling.