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I B. COWEN, EDITOR & PROPRIETOR. "HE 110 LOVES NOT HIS COUMOT CAN WW NOTHING" Ji- TERMS i,50 A YEAR, IJUWftkcfi I
r e ? --rr:;;r , . , ... MBMabal " Jl'...- --y -fL I NEW SERIES, VOL. VIT, NO. 49. ST. CLAIRSVJLLE, OHIO, THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER 13, 1855. . .flLE NO. 901 I THE CHRONICLE. PUBusnra) evkry tiiOhsday morning. I 1 'Office on North Ride of Mttin Street in the New Masonic llnll, n Tew doors r.Sist ot 1h'- ('titirt House, nnil a m lew door!) IV'rtl nflhn Nntlnn Home. t TKHMS OF SDBSCMrTIOSJ. 9 :r tt il'iin three months, 9if J 'fiviMillpr thattiine, !i,00 Vapert discontinur-il only at the option of the editor,! 'hile arrearage are due. J Tuni.u r.n . nuv.Ti.ivn Illach square, (11 linea or lri,) three week, (1,0 , Evcrv athlitiunal insertion, 2.1 ; Veatly aiivertlmmenu one column, (40,00 I Wait column., a4,oo quarter ciilnmn, 1.1,00 I'rofeswinnal cards 13 per annum. i Ail letters addressed to tht editor ninsi he paid to I r .ltrft altentioh.Mj I V . .. paper discontinued until all arrearages are tisid anleH M the option of the editor.- If POETRY. For the Chronicle. A Fragment. n I Thou wast beautiful, O Josephine! lilies and rosea were sweetly blent in thy cheeks; j oer thy mitrble brow thy dark and waving, tresses flung a shadow like the raven's wing;j and mine eyes it seemed as if two drops of blui n.nl fallen from the sky, and formed those crystalized jewels. Years have passed since I beheld thee, Josephine! and perchance thy i beauty hath changed. Bui I know full weil that the spirit of thy being hath not changed. Thou wast beautiful beyond comp.re; but thy gojdness was an attribute as rate as thy beauty. Rarely indeed is such goodness allied to beuuty! Thine wus a heurt that knew not ' dissembling thine a mind filled with pure thoughts only thine a soul exalted in its deep humility. Time may have touched with his rude fingers thy fair face; but thy 1 heart is not changed, save haply its friend , ship hath grown deeper, and the thoughts of thy mind have become brighter, and thy soul hath become more humble in its aspirations heavenward. Perchance I may never sen ' thee more, Josephine! yet it is sweet to re- ' member that 1 have long been blessed with the noble influences of thy friendship. Thy 1 name shines like a star in nr.y memory, that ' will light me onward through the mystic 1 years to be. Dost thou remember the time 1 when I traced in thine album these poor lines! ' Alas! they far too feebly portray the worth of j friendship like thine! As the star-gemm'd vail of even Clasps the sunbeams in the west, As the gentle dews of heaven In the folding flowers are press'd, Thus are friendships, kindly given, . Welcomed in the human breast. Visions which our dreams maynourieh j ' From the spirit-world of thought, ( Flowers of fancy which we cherish By Hope a fingers wreathed and wrought, Some of these may haply perish, But true friendship perish not. And, as friendship may be real, And indeed be what it seems -As the things we deem ideal I May bo Truth's reflected beams---Surely we may sometiinos feel t hat we realize our dreams. Living in a world of sorrov, Where all, save the soul, is bound; Where to-day 'tis joy-, to-morrow . Misery alone isfound--- Oh, 'tis happiness to borrow riiiii.iiiiiilrom kui.l li.-atts arvunJ! L Cincinnati, September, 1855. A Fragment. POLITICAL. Reported for the National Era. The Slavery Question, in its Precise Relation to American Politics. A SPEECH, BEFORE. A STATE CONVENTION AT INDIANAPOLIS, BY HON. GEO. W. JULIAN. [CONCLUDED.] Considered more particularly, oppose it, llMti because o! its fulse assumption of dung ertrointhe Romish Hierarchy. According I to thu late census, the Protestant churches of the United Slates are about thirlv-two times as uumeruus ns the Cuihclic, uud can accommodate mon; than twenty time as many worshippers. The proportion of udult Catholics of this country to the whole popu-' lilion is only as one to twenty-eight. In the ' Slate of Virginia, where the Order seems to flourish, the Catholic churches cannot uccom-1 tnodate one hundredth pa. tof the number re- j ceiving accommodations in the Protestant : churches. These, sir, are the facta by which this new-born scheme of bigotry and intol- erance must be tried. This is the monttrousj power that is to swallow up our liberties, un- Iless politicians and priests unite in pen and secret combinations to check its aggressions. Now I ask, can any man feel alarmed, who will allow himself to reason! The Papacy, tike every other force in society, must sub mit to -hose necessary conditions of life which surround it It has seen fit to take up its abode in our Democratic Republic, and, in doing so, it has been compelled to divesl itself of its most odious and repulsive pre tensions. It may exert a pretty decided in fluence upon our civil and ecclesiastical j polity; but. while thus acting, it will be in cessr.nlly aud most powerfully acted upon.by the spirit of free inquiry, by our republican institutions, by our free schools, and by that general and traditional repugnance which all Protestant denominations cherish towards it. Herein lies the great blunder of Native A niericunism. It suppores Catholicism to be L an eccentric force, disowning all law but its own, entirely cut off from those conditions of lime, place, and circumstance, by which all other institutions are modified and controlled. Si I' s impossible, in Ithe very nature of felt in the United States as It Is in Italy or Spall , or as it Was felt in those countries age ago. It must obey the law of its condition, and can no more withstand the multiplied moral forces Which perpetually beat agninat if, than the physical World can withstand the laws which make it their slave. To suppose Our Republic seriously imperiled by if, is to suppose the sges of darkness are about to return, or that under Providence tho Catho lic faith is destined to prevail over the world. "Every school-house is a barrier against it. Every printing-press is a battlement. Every steam-car is a batleringram to break it in pieces." Free thought, its free utterance, a free press, an open Bible, and a hearty trust in the almightincss of Truth these are the only weapms needed here in the warfare a gainst errorj and in the hands of twenty-fit e millions of Protestants, there is wunting even tho shadow of a pretext for secret com binations, or any sort of extraordinary mean, tires in defence of our constitutional rights. Protestantism, with such advantages, can nflord to fight its battles in the open daylight of the world, and it dishonors itself when it invokes the machinery of despotism in Its he half. It confesses itself unfit for its mission and thus strikes at its own life. And this brings me to my second objection to Know Nothingism. Granting that our institutions ure in danger from the fapid growth of Romanism among us, I oppose this j new crusade against it, because its method of ! opposition must necessarily aggravate, instead of mitigate, the nrschief sought tt be cured. Secresy, indeed! Our Mode! Republic De mocracy carrying concealed weapons! A merir.an Protestantism Healing the livery of the Jesuit, and at the same lime raising the war-cry against Rome! The rights of con' science vindicated by a great American party; which makes Catholicism a religious test, whilst its members surrender their own pri ate judgment and freedom of action to the najority of the Councils to which they be-, ong! Has it come to this! Was the Re formation a failure? Were John Milton,' Roger Williams, and William Penn, weak leaded fanatics? Is Protestantism to be laved and sanctified by men who systematic illy trample it in the dust! ' I could not be a ICnow Nothing, for the very reason that lam , t Protestant. With me, Protestantism is too irecious, too sacred, to be thus dishonored, , ;ver. for its own snke. Il is our life-blood as t people, and can only be preserved pure, by :irculating freely and naturally through the lody politic. Our Native American friends, 1 y professing a peculiar seal for it, and nt the 1 tame time joining a secret, oath-bound po- j i'.ical order, (or the wholesale prqscription )f Catholics, prove themselves to be Jesuits n policy. Were they real Protestants, they vould have faith in Protestantism as a prin ciple; and they would show that faith, not y violating it, but by trusting it, and stand ng by !t, in example as well as precept, un ler all temptations. They would recoil from! !ven the thought of layi tg aside their legili- I mate weapons, to which Protestantism is in-1 lebted for all its genuine growth and strength for the sake of employing either fraud or force in maintaining their cause. Their hatred of Jesuitism would make them the last to imitate its unhallowed practices. Thev would feel that the best possible service of Protestantism is the testimony of a con sistent example, and that its worst foe is the weakness that would build up its pwer by methods wholly nt war with its first prinr.i- pics. No good cause has ever vet been help ed by enlisting the devil on its side, became no man has been found wise enough to tell how to employ him without thereby fortifying his citadel instead of bombarding it. No. sir. If Protestantism wisliPS to palsy' ihe rampant spirit of Romanism, it must not borrow that spirit, and adopt its tactics. The work thatjshoiil l chicfly'conconi it is at homo. Its worst enemies are those 01 its own house-1 hold. Mr. Macaulay, in his masterly speech on the removal bf clytl disabilities from the. Jews, says truly: "Christianity triumphed over the superstitions of the ir.ost refined &, of the most savage nations, over the graceful mythology of Greece and tne bloody idolatry of the Northern priests It triumphed over the powf r and policy of the Roman Umpire. It tamed thp barbarians by whom that em pire was overthrown But ill these Victories werp gained, li'ot by the help or intolerance,! but It spite of tSe opposition of Intolerance. The Whole history of Christianity proves thai . she has little Indeed to fear from persecution as a foe, but much to tear from persecution as an ully." This is a truth which Know Nothingism seems entirely to overlook. Let Protestant ism, in the first place, understand itself, and' d 'fir.e its own position. Let it digest its own manifold crudities, and purge itself of the spirit of persecution which has darkened its history from the beglnning.and stayed its pro gress through the world. Let it exemplify, in actual practice, its boasted dogma of the sufficiency of the scriptures and the right of private judgment, which it never yet has done as a general rule. Let it spew out.anri cast from it with loathing, the execrable po licy of Know Nothingism, which has assum ed to act in its name, and '.he principles of which would fairly justily the most atrocious forms of religious persecution. Letitremem ber that the proscription af Catholics for their religious opinions is just as detestuble as the like prosciiption of Protestants; and that the only true ground to stard on is the sacred right of every man to enjoy, without molesta tion, the faith he prefers. This stone, sir, will render Protestantism invincible, and at the same time most effectually cripple the power of Rome. And here, Mr. Chairman, 1 am naturally brought to a third and kiadred objection to Know Nothingism. I do not think well enough of Protestantism, in its present guilty complicity with American Slavery, to enter tho lists with it in Its newiy organized war fare against Popery. I should feel mvself in strange company. I do not know how many slaves are held by American Catholics, but the number cannot be very great, judging from the number of Catholics in the South. 1 " our tVttaHMt dcavpiintwn8i Metho- iisls, North and South, in tho year l853,own d 2i8,ooo, the Presbyterians, Old and New lehool, 80,000; the Baptists, 125,000; the Hpiscopalians30,000; the Disciples, or ('atrip lellites, 100,000; other denominations, 60, J00 making, in all, 003,000 slaves, held by j the ministers and members of the Protestant ahUrchel of this country! And the American j Tract Society, the American Sunday School! Union, the American Board of Foreign Mis- I inns, and, in short, all i!ip grand int-trument-tlltlet which these churches employ for the ' spread of knowledge and religion through-1 out the world, are controlled by the Slave In-! terest. In this particular Ihey Beem to fill the Know Nothing measure, (or they are com- ! pletely "Americanized'." They expurgate ! he religious literature of the country, with a -I tirl inns re Prerice to tho leplings of the slaveholder. They even plunder and defile the school books of -our i-ooth. in order, to i propitiate tbeir Southern membership. They preler denominational sway to the propago- tion of a pure faith. The most popular and j iiiflupntial clergymen of these c.hurchps unit- i ed with Castle Garden pa'riots in 1860 in 'Saying the Union," and inundating the land ', witl lower-'.aw sermons. These religious bodies may have made some progress during the past few years; but they are essentially J on the side of the opprPesor to-day. Thpy ire the rip,ht arm o( the Slave Power. In j ilie language of Albert Barnes, so often quot-! ed, "there is no power ottt of the American I church that Could auslajl) Slavery an hour, if it were not sustained in it!" Mr. Chairman, if Christianity teaches the brotherhood of all men, and the breaking of ' every yoke, what sort of a God do these ' churches worship, nnd what sort of a religion ' inspireu them! How much better, in the light of these facts, Is our boaBtcd Protestant- 1 ism, than tho Romanism we are so eager to 1 destroy! How much worse is the Catholic ' priest of our country, or even the Pope him- 1 self, than our Protestant clergyman, Who 1 could send his own mother er brother Into ' Slavery, in testimony of his allegiance to ' the lower law, or write such a book as "The ' South Side View of American Slavery" And how is it, sir, that the zeal of our Northern ' Know Nothings waxes so strong against 'Babylonian abominations," whilst hero we j lave a Native American Babylon, upheld by ' jur Protestant sects, whose infernal sway ' ivor three millions and a half of humun be- ' ings, for whom Christ died, makes the cor- J ruptions of Rome dwindle into perfect In- ' significance, whilst it strengthens the arm of ' Despotism, und stifles the voice of Freedom, I throughout the world! Sir, I submit that our Protestantism should 1 perform a lustration, to purify itself from this transcendent wickedness, before it attempts any new assault upon an outward foe. It should be ashamed to raise the alarm at the spread of Popery and false doctrine, whilst it outrages Heaven by its impious denial of the first lesson of Christianity. It should slacken its zelu in buil ling up its power, until it ceases to fill the ranks of infidelity, ard turn religion itself into scorn, by its revolting espousal of "the vilest system of oppression that ever saw the s in." It should not strain a', the gnat of American) Catholicism, whilst it swallows down at one gulp the huge camel of American Slavery. In a word, it should speedily enter upon the work of a '.borough repentance, by faithlully applying its own professed principles in the cure of its own sins; and its example, as I have already in sisted, will radiate an influunce far more potent, in checking tho po.ver of Jesuitism, than any organized secret machinery ca i pes sibly wield. In the next place, I oppose this new Ord er, on accour.'. of its pioscript'on of foreign ers. The whole number of thes" now in the United Stutes is only about 2,000,000; and the whole number of foreigners and their descendants, Irom the year 1790 to 1850, is only about 4,000,UOO. The entire foreign vote of 1850 was only 270,430. This po litical and social element among us, so alarm ing to many, is mingled with our nulive po-J ptllation, now numbering, say 25,000,000, and s read.ng over a territory reaehirg from the AtUiiiir to the Pacific. Experience hasj shows that we need the help of pur emigrant in devebuiug tho physical recourses of ihe I country, and building up the interest of Free-1 doin and Free Labor, whiUt they need the opportunity we lender then of becoming j owners ot tile soil, and valuable citizens ol t;.. Republic, inotuad of the starving vasiali foreign despoil, Let Ihein c.uue. Trod den down oy kingly p. .wee, und hungering and thirsting after righteousness of our (reel institutions, let them have a welcome on lhee shores. Their motive is a very natural j and at the same time an honorable one, that of bettering their lot. They prefer our coun ts and ils Government to every other how ever poorly enlightened that preference may be. "The foreigner," says Oerrit Smith, "has given us one great proof of possessing an Americ in heart, which our native could not give; for whilst our native became 'an American by accident of birth, the em-grant became . ne by choice; whilst our native may be an American, nut from any preference far j America, the emigrant has proved that he prefers our country to every other." To pro- j scribe him on account of his birthplace is as mean ami cowardly bs to proscribe him for j his religious faith or the color of his Bkin. It is tho rankest injustice, the most downright j inhumanity, and can only be oetepded by the most drivelling sophistry. The celebrated j Dr. Lieber, in a late letter, commenting on i the fillscy that udopted citizens are less A- merican in feeling than our natives, uses this language: "Among the most eminent or most widely j useful American divines, there have always , been, and are to this day, many born on the ' other side of ihe Atlantic. The same will I be lound to be the caso, if you examine the list of advocates and of American statesmen throughout th-i land. The aanle i true of teachers, authors, philosophers, of physicians of editors and artista, merchants, arlisana and farmers, of navigators and architects, of man ufacturers and inveutorsi" -- ' 11 He insists that throughout all history, 'an cient and modern, we will find among the most devoted and patriotic citizens, names of foreign birth. Hear him adduce his facti: "Has any mind shed greater lustre on Illus trious Athens than Aristotle! Aristotle was a foreigner, and camito Attica when seven teen years old. Has there been any Spaniard more Spanish than Columbus! Columbus was a Genoese. Hsi there been a French man more French than Napoleon, and Cuvier and Constant! Napo.eon was an Italian; Cuvier, by birth and education, a German; Conttant, a Swiss. Who carried the Ne therlander through tie direst w it of Inde pendence on record, and who founded the Republic of the Netherlrndsl William of Orange, a German. Has England ever had a more English King than William III, the Netherlands! Has Germany ever had a more German lealfrthi Eugene of Savoy? Who was Catharine ffr Russia, '.hat made her the great Power! She was a German woman. Has Oxford ever had a greater pro fessor than Erasmus, of Rotterdam! The very Country in which the Know Nothings now revile the foreigner was discovere'd by j Cabot, Genoese, in the service of England. The proto-mnrtyr Of the American Revolu tion was Montgomery, an Irishman; so was-' Barry, called the father of the American j navy; and Paul Junes, the bold and early captain, was a Scot. Were De Kalb, La-j layette, Hamilton, Gallatin, not Americans! J . Mark the list of signers, and see how many ! 1 were 'foreigners.' Tie hue and cry against I roreigncrs belongs to Pagan antiquity, when I jne word served for foreigner and enemy; I ut not to Christianity. The very Word I Christianity rebukes Know Nothingism.1' I Sir, the creed tat tries men by the latitu- '. le and longitude of their birthplace, instead t f their character, and llonori or degrades hem accordingly, is not otfly Pagan, but ' nonstrous. It insults common sense, and i tonfounds all distinction between right and i vrong. The Divine Founder of our religion i eaches that God is no respecter of persons; t hat na'ionalities are of small account) tnat l ill men are bretbern; that the accidents uf, I Himjnily are nothing, and man is everything. ; Vative Americanism discards all this as the i oolishness of preaching; & whilst it clutches t cold-blooded dogmas, and stabs Christi- i inity to the heart, whines sanctimoniously I ver tho growth of tbPapal power! And, itranger than all else, thousands of Ami- i Slavery men who have for lor.g years plead, i 'or the elevation of the African, on the j t jround of a Christian brotherhood of all, are low fighting niter thto Infidel banner, and, ihus aiding a movement which completely lUstiges the enslavement of the negro, and j uvcry other form of de. ;otic rule. Do they pot see that they are innrdering the cause of Freedom by such conduct! Can an Aboli tionist embark in such an enterprise without Hatly contradicting the very first principles uf his faith! Can any man justify it! Is the foreigner to blamo for having been born nn the other side of the Atlantic, or the na tive to be praised for having been boru on this! Not having been consulted on the' subject beforehand, their destiny in this re-i spect being entirely beyond their control, is it not a shameless mockery of justice and decency to deal with them according to any j such test! You might as well diifranchisc ( the emigrant for the size of his head, the length of his arm, the virtues or vices ol his! neighbors, or the height of our mountains You might as well openly repudiate the New ! Testament, and institute a new code, requir-J ing every man, upon the pains and penalties , of the Order, to be born in America, and de-' scribing tho general judgmei t as a grand in-' quest for determining wiio shall be almit'ed into ihe kingdom, and who rejected, on Na tive American principles. For if the foreig.i er is unfit lor good society here, can he be suffered to enjoy it in the world tu come! And could he enjoy Paradise in the compan ionship of Know Nothings! Would not Heaven itself be turned up-side down, if the Order should have its way! Mr. Chairman, there need be no sort of lifticulty in solving this problem of foreign ism, ll we are willing to deal ju-tly. "Emi grants uud exiles from the Old World," using the language of the Pittsburgh Platform, ''should find a cordial welcome to h allies of comlurt and fie'ds of enti rprise in the New; and every attempt t.a abridge their privilege ol becoming citizens and owners of the soil among ns, ought to be resisted with inflexible determination." They have the same right to come here as had our forefathers. When Hi t y have cast ill their lot with us, let them be treated as Americans. If they violate ihe laws, let them be punished. If they demean themselves as good citizens, let them be re cognised at such. Let the heathen spirit of caste be exorcised, in our dealings with them as well as the negro, If they give themselves up to intemperance; unthriftnesa, and a life of mere animalism, let us strive to enl;ghten and elevate them, as we would our own peo ple under like circumstances. If, under the lead uf foreign ruffians or Jesuits, they be come clannish, and inclined to take sides a gainst us, let every good citizen rebuke them." If our native demagogues and pot-house po- ' liticians pander to their ignorance, for selfish ends, let us apply the lash to their bare bucks: instead of making the deluded foreigner the j vicarious victim of a chastisement he does not deserve. In short, let the alien races a mong us be treated according to their deserts in the light of their numberB, intelligence, and character. Under such a policy, dema gogues and their tools would soon find their true level. Notwithstanding aiinor diversities we should become, in spirit, one people. The solvent power of American ideas would melt and fuse the different nationalities into onej common mass thus averting the calamity of a furious and unending war of races, by con verting into friends and bretrern those whom Native Americanism would make perpetual aliens and fiieside foes in our midst. Sir, it iB thus manifest, that justice to the foreigner and our true policy as a nution are j in harmony. We find our duty and advantage going hand In hand. I have already said that our emigrants are needed here to build up the cause of free laoor. As a matter of fact, sho-wn by the -census returns, the growth of the foreign elements among us ffas kept pace with that of the slave power, Hid thus preven ted that more complete supremacy over us which other wise would have been secured. It is sometimes -aid, I know, that our foreign vote is uniformly thrown on the side ef tho Pro-Skvery D -noc ley; but I answer, Ik it, in this respect, our adopted citizens are in the company of a very large division of our na tive population, including many enlightened and good men. I answer, further, that voting with the Pro-Slavery Democracy is not much worse than voting with the Pro-Slavery Whiggsry. which has likewise been willirj to receive foreign aid and co-nfort. I would not disfranchise men in either case, however wrong 1 might regard their action. It is further insisted, that our emigrants are intensely hostile to the cause of freedom, and the most inveterate haters of the negro. This, it best, can only be partially true. It is re futed by their choice of the free Stn'cs as Ibjrir home, and by the known opposition of me South to their migtstlon to our shores. ft is contradicted by other facts. The S'ates that have been most Anti-Slavery, as Massa chusetts, New York, Ohio, and Wisconsin. ' give the largest foreign vote; whilst those which have been DOSt Pro-Slavery as New Hampshire, Connecticut, New J r.-ey, Iowa, nd Indiana, gives the smallert foreign vote, rhese facts are significant. They account ror the prevalence of Know Nothingism in he South, where the proportion of foreigners O the native white population is only as two 0 one hundred, and prove the movement to e, in fact, a crusade against tie growth of ree principles in the Northern Sta'es; lor lit meager fore of foreignism in the South, :an obviously occasion no local mischief ! Pant Anti-Slavery men, therefore, should , ictively oppose the settlement of foreigners tmong us, or even thrown tlfe slightest obsta j :les in the way of it, seems to me perfectly , inaccountable. But were it granted that all j he emigronts landing on our shores ae Vro- Slavery, it would not warrant the policy ol proscription of our natives would fall within ts mischief, including very many whose hy pocrisy in urging this objection is beyond lispute. Tiiie nat ion is most undeniably Pro Slavery. Similar reasoning applies to the argument aften urged' that our emigrants are un'it to ?xercise the privileges of citizenship. That this is true of many of them, I do not deny; but it is likewise true of many of our natives. Foreigners are not tho only men among us who got drunk; they are not the only men who prolane the Sabbath and God's name; they are not the only ruffians and vagabonds; they are not the only pugilists and mobocrats; they are not the only men who cannot reuJ nor write; they are not the only men whom demagogues can dupe. In ill that constitu tes thorough vloiouineis, corruption, bru tality, and the most stupid incompetency, multitudes of our much-lauded nalive Ameri cans can cone tolerably well with our adop ted citizens. It seems to me that a real pa triot should hate less desire to ses Amvici ruled by Americans, than to e Americans themselves improved in clnr.icter, loving justice, thoroughly imbued with the spirit of freedom, sterniy demanding al rights for all, rigidly squaring our democratic theory 01 equality, both in our fureign and domestic policy, by the precepts of Christianity, and thus making themselves an example and a power on the earth. This would be an object worthy of the purest ambition. Without this qualification, the demand, "Let America be ruicd by Americans," is the meanest ol twad dle. It is tantamount to saying, "Let Ameri ca be ruled by slaveholder! and doughfaces; let our Government continue ti espouse the oause of despotism, at home and abroad; let it trample upon justice and humanity ; let it BCofl'j at the Declaration of Independence, bd verge farther and farther from the landmarks Of our Fathers; let nationality, not character, be the touchstone of merit." Sir, if any class is to be disfranchised, the rule uught to be, "Let America be governed by the in telligent and the virtuous;" for.on principles, the vicious and ignorant foreigner should fare precisely us well us the vicious and ignorant native. Lastly, I wage war against Know Nothing ism because it ignores the Slavery issue, and thus becomes the practical foe of the Anti Slavery cause. Nothing could hate been more wisely planned or more opportuue'y con cocted by the slaveholders and their allies. H iving sown the wind, in the passage ol the Nebraska bill, something irusi Ue Uji.o to void reaping the whirlwind . They saw the Northern pky darkened by omens of a com ing tempest, and something must be ifone to break its surges. The people could no lon ger be humbugged about bunks and tariffs; the old party lines were crumbling, and tempt ing the people to escape from their political keepers; and the great crisis between Slave ry and Freedom' was rapidly i nd unmistakably approaching. All eyes were turning to the struggle which at last seemed inevitable. Sir, "does anybody, familiar with the tactics of the slaveholder, believe that the birth of the Know Nothing Order, ust at this crisis, wee anaccidjnt! There is toth interial and ex ternal evidence that it was a design If the Protestant jealousy of our people, ever ready to take fire, could be kindled against the Pope, it would divert their minds frorj the slaveholder. If they could be enlitted in a crusade aguin6t foreigners, it would have the sams happy result. It mattered not that there were miserable bugbears, and Would ultimately be seer, as such, if they could ouly be temporarily used in distructing the peo ple, and complicating the Slavery question. This was the policy, and, under Southern management, it nas, as might have beec ex pected workto like a charm It has caused the threatened Anti-Slavery storm to pass off comparatively harmless. It has balked and diverted the indignation aroused by the Nebraska perfidy, which else would have spent its force upon the Slave Power. Il has drapcii over a high-handed villany. which might havt been a god-iend ii, f hand", and "a flick I 'upon Divini Providence,'' in hastening the ; freedom of the slave. It has succeeded, as, usual, by dividing the people of the freej j Stated upon trifles and fidr-i-sues, whilst the i South has been a unit In delensc of Its great ! interest. It has disbanded the Free D o.j CTltle Party, which has been a thorn in the side of Pro-slavery policians since its or- j sanization, bringing reproach upon the Anti Slavery cause, und divisions in the ranks of its friends. Multitudes, hitherto disowning all minor issues as eo many stumbling-blocks in the way of of progrese, and keeping an fye single to ihe great quefticn of the day, have, been enticed into the Order, and, in the vain endeavor to harrnori;ze Native Americanism and Anti-Slavery, have completely subordina ted the latter. By thus uniting with a Na tional Pur'y which propoied no policy whtt ever in relation to Slavery, they had desUrcd their separate party action to hsve been a blunder from the beginning. They have fallen back upon the vain experim;nt of ser ving two masters, and the vicious morality o: doing evil that gaud may come. They have broken the moral power ot their movement, by pspousiiig principles glaringly inconsistent with its fundamental ideas. J do not w ish to question the motives of any ; honest man. I do not deny tint many friends Of our cause may have united with Know Nothingism, in the hope of thus rnoree.Tectu-: ally aiding the slave. Tail does i otcure Ihi I evil resulting from a f Use course. hav recently learned through the public prints of I a pour attempt to serve the interests of cour. , try Sunday schools, by ruobing a widow and bar helpless children. The cause of Freedom is dishonored by serving it on like principles. We smite it to the earth, instead of arming it with power. This is amoral necessity, and it need not surprise us, therefore, to find the ravages of Know Nothingism becomin r quite visible throughout the North. That it has done much mischief to the cause of Freedom in Onio, I think will not be denied. It his laid it prostrate in Indiana. The editor of' its leading organ, hiving determined last year that America must be ruled by Ameriiens. and that the Slavery question was no longrr worthy ol any special attention, sold his sub scription list to a Whig establishment for "a job-olfice,'' and summarily discontinued his paper. The Order having ignored the ques tion of Slavery, our friends w ho joined it were ignored likewise, to wh clt they meek y sub mitted. In the Anti-Nebraska campaign ol last year, swayed by an impelling desire for fusion, they were generally willing to accept a posiiijn of entire subordination, and even of silence, under the c .ptains who commanded them, let the pro-slavery prejudices of the people should le aroused, and their otherwise hopeful anti-slavery progress hindered! In many localities, our cause was so complicated with county offices and peculiar local arrange ments, that it was not thought wise for Anii Siavery men to officiate in its service, and consequently it was handed over to the tender mercies of Its foes. As a part of this policy, the public repudiation of our principles by the Anti-Nebraska party was submitted to, and, one backward step having prepared the way (or another, the?iae of the matter is, that J whiia the people have not been convened to our doctrines, we ourieives are paralyzed and i dumb many secretly sighing to ejops from their unfortunate environment, but unable to see the way of deliverance. And the same perniciuus results, though perhaps in a less degree will be seen in due season, tvherevei the Order has seduced men into its embrace. Tune will test the the truth of what I say, and prove, 1 doubt not, that years of arduous and discouraging labor w ill be needed to re I cover the strength we have lost, and the ad vanlage we have foolishly thrown away, by our ill-fated connection with a movement which demanded our unhesitating frowns Irom the beginning. And now, sir, in conclusion; what ia to be dune! What is the demand and what the hope of the hour! How shall we make the Anti-Slavery cause more thoroughly under stood, and the woes of S.avery more deeply lelt, bv the people! I have already indicated my answer. Let the true friendo of out move ment find each other eul, and stand together as one man. Let our friends who have been led in an evil hour to affiliate with Know-No tkingian immediately retrace their steps, and oppuse il just as they oppose Slavery itself. Let those w ho have remained oursideofthe Older continue their wurl'are against it. Let j il be distinctly understood, that an Anli-Sla very man is of necessity the enemy of Caste, j Bigotry, and Proscription. Let the brolher l.ocd ot all men, without regard to race, color,; religion, or birthplace, be the platform on which all may gather; and let us speedily organize our forces lor a genuine contest with our foe. Let us thus determine how little, is weli as how much, was achieved for the slave in the late elections; what wts done for the cause by honest and hard fighting, and what wus done' against il by the arts of mere diplomacy, in temporarily uniting opposite and irreconcilable elements in an empty and decoptive triumph. Let us be steadfmt in our work, endeavoring to impart something of per manence to the organisation we nny adopt, as necessarv lo success, and thus shunning that instability that would forma new party, with a new name, for every campaign, and thus frit ter away our strength in the fickleness of our schemes, instead of husbanding it for effective service. Let us not be troubled about the smallness of our numbers, but solicitous only lor the honor of our, cause, as the sure means of its triumph, firmly trusting that through our fidelity, the rightresult will come. Let us not strive alter any personal ends or, transient success, but so act, in reference to this great cause, that the calm and final judg ment of future times shall be uwardod in our iavor "The passions which influence us," says a great writer, "the sophistries which deludJ us, will not last forever. Tha parox ysms ol fact have their appointed seaaon; even the madness ot fanaticism is but for a duy . The UOM is coining heu our conflcts will be I to others what the conflicts of our tuthers are I ,ous, when our urieaU who aufcyulH the Slate, Ind our politicians who make a stalking-horse ef the Church, will be no more than the Har leys and Lnrhcvernlli of by-gone day." Si ' if we are animated by such a spirit -i IttUlJ we eh ill not Joubt that God will (Mile upon our labors, and Hand ns down to our graves iu pears; but we shi'l be sustained by an as sured fai'h, at every step ol our progress, whatever may for the time betide us or our A cause, that Vi 'tTruih shall triumph at tho last, a l or round and roanil we run; f And ever ihe Ifiht ernes uppermost, 1 And evnr iajuatiee done.' u [CONCLUDED.] The Sate Fair For 1855. The "Ohio Board of Agriculture" are grati fied to n e that the location of the State Fair at Columbus, meets apprufca. from the public, in all portions of the Stite. The citizens of Columbus feel a lively inter eel in the success ol the exhibition, and wo look with confidence, Mr a hearty co-operation from them, in arranging to provide ac com n.odatitn fur visiters during the Fair. Tha ground selected, is the same upon which the State lair was held in 1851, upm the firm ot M. L. Sullivant, Esq, in. the Town o! Fraiiklinton. about one mile from High Street, Columbia?, and is reached by the National Road, npon which it ftontB. J The table of high ground, seen in the en- f gra' ing, and in the lithograph, and upon which the 'Tents' and all the Halls, except Power Hall, will be r laced, forms a fine Amphitheatre, overlooking the large Driving Ring. Upon the slope of this high ground, seats will be erected for ladies, furnishing a rull view of the entire Ring. Tha Driving Ring is one-fourlh of a rr.ile n circumference, and will be prepared and managed with reference to furnishing a safe, and satisfactory trial of Roadsters and Blood Horses. Several from abroad, that arc not unknown to fame," are expected to be oil exhibition. Ail the fixtures are being erected, o?!tk I special reference to .he accomodation of ex hibitors, and the csnver.ienc? of the public. A steam engine will be provided, to ex hibit in motion, all articles of machinery, &.c , that may be brought to the exhibition with that view. I A select Police force will be on the grounds, to maintain order. The Railjpad Companies of Ohio offer very liberal terms an wc doubt not the faci ' t es furnished will be ample. By "Resoluti on," at the Rail Raad Convention, held at Cleveland last November, all the Roads will f jrnih State Fail tickets, good from Monday morning, to tbe close of the Fair week. Railroad Facilities. The following Rjads will carry stock and articles tree, at owner 'd risk (charges to be pre-paid, and money refunded on return,) and passengers upon ah Trains, at half fare, viz: --Clevelund and Columbus; Cleveland end Toledo Cleveland and Erie; Cleveland and Pittsburgh; Columbus, and Piquaand Indiana; Cine innati, Wilmington and Zanesvillc; Cin cinnati, Hamilton and Dayton; Hamilton, E.t.n andljBjchioond; Dayton'and Michigan; D.yton, nern and Ind ana Central. Ohio and; IudianW Dayton, Xenia and Be'pre, i. Mirietta, Chiil'cothe and Cincinnati. The Little Miami and Columbus and Xe n;a lloads will carry stock, &c, free, ai.l passengers upon all trains, at half fare, ex cept fust Express, (which leaves Cincinnati at G o'clock, a. m ) The Ohio Central Road will cany stoek, &c, as above, and passengers a! half fare but may charge full fare on Express train. ' The following Roads will charge half fa-o upon all trains, and half freight upon stock and articles for exhibition, viz: Mad River and Lake Erie, and Ohio and Penn Railroad'. From th9 following cj.t pan ies, we are un able to obtain replies as to terms, viz. San dusky, Mansfield and Newark; Sieubenville and Newark. The Railroad facilities will be far superior during the approaching State Fair to those furnished at either preceding exhibition in Ohio The Roads centering at Columbus, are in excellent order, and are sufficiently sapnlied with facilities for trnnspcr'atirn. to prevent delay or interruption. All the Roads in Oiiio connect w ith these, directly or indi rect';.', and a few hours only is required, to reach the Capital, from the remotest counties, many of which have been heretofore id alated, for want o' speedy coiv-'ynnce. It is expected that the authorities, or citi zens of Coiumbus, will appoint committees of information, as a moans Jby which stran gers may obtain abcommodations. , On the part of the .'S'.ate Board of Agri culture," the public can rely upon a systematic arrangement of all matters pertaining to tbe Fair. sfl Sfessri. 'C. P. L. Butier &. HBOTHEns, ol Columbus, have leased the entire refresh ment privilege upon the Fair Grounds, and in their experience and reputc'ion to the pub lic have sufficient guarantee that this depart ment will be well provided for. t Member! of committees, are requested to rer ort themselves to the enroll-'ng clerk, at the middle room of the office building, befe 1 o'clock, Tuesday and receive their badge and ticket. At 1 o'clock, Tuesday tho com mittees will be called in front of the Execu tive Committee's Tert, within the grounds at which time all vacancies will be filler-'. Editors' are requested to register their na -mes with tha above designated, immediattly on their arrival." AH letters of of enquiry, or applications for space should be made to the uhdersigned, G. SPRAGUF, Cor. Sec'y Ohio St. Bd. of Ag. STATE AGRICULTURAL ROOMS, Post Office Building, Columbus, Ohio. Oy 'Mike," said a bricklayer to his labor er, "if you meet Patrick tell him to mak j haste." "Shure and 1 will," replied he;"but what will I tell him if I don't meet him I"