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uu UUL1 B, R.-CO WEN, EDITOR & PROPRIETOR, "lis mlo mm not ms couhthy- cau lovs noTinus." TERMS i1.50 A YEAR, IN ADVANCE NEW SERIES, VOL. VII, NO. 52. ST. CLAIRSVILLE, OHIO, THURSDAY. OCTOBER 4, 1855. WHOLE NO. VG7 Mir d) JL THE CHRONICLE. rUDLISIIHD EVERY THURSDAY MORNING. Office on North nldo of Mnin Ntrcet in the New Masonic Hall, a few door Unl of llin Court House, nnd a lew doors W est of the Norton , HoUSC. TERMS OF allOgCRirTION. If iaiil within throe moutha, tV'l If iaidr!t that time, I'aimra dincimtimirtl only at the option of the editor, wlulcrrearajr.ca are due. TKRMfi OFADVKRTIRINO. Each square, (II linra or leaa,) three week, $1,0" Every additional iimertion, "' Yearly aitvcrtiaementaone coliucin, 4fl,0ll Half column, m.O" tluarter column, 15,UU l'rot'ecaioiial canla 93 per annum. JCr'AH letter! addreaaed to the editor mutt be paid to r .11 re attention .J ITpNo paper dlacontlnued until all arrearages are paid unleae at the option of the editor.01 POETRY. LITTLE NELL. BY CHARLES DICKENS. And now the bell the bell She hnd so often heard by niuht and day, And hstuned to with solemn pleasure, E'en as a living voice Rung its remorseless toll lor her. So young, so bttuutilul, so good! Decrepit age and vigorous life, And blooming youth and helpless infancy, Poured forth-ou crutches in llio pride oi strength, And health in the full blush Of promise, the mere dawn ol life--To gather rovnd her tomb. Old men were lhoro) Wlione eyee were dim And senses lailiiijji Grandanies, who might lute died ten years ago, And still been old; the deaf, tile blind, llio lu.iio, The palsied; -, . The living dead, in many sh apes and lorms, To see the doting of tiiut early grave: What was the death it woui.l nm in, To that which still oould crawl and creep above It! Along the crowded puth they bore her now, Pure as the new lulleusnow That covered it, whose stay on earth Had been us liuetiug: Under that porcii where she I ad sal when Heaven, In mercy, brought her to tiiut citeenull spot. - She passed aguiu, and me uiJ churcu Received her in its shade. Oh! it is liard to tuUe :o lie irt The lest on that such deiiii vul Uiii, But let no man reject i;; Fur it is one ihai all must tu.irn, Avid is a mighty uoiveis.il Hum .( Whon death strikes down tiie innocent and young, for every fragile form, from which lie lets The ui.rting ,nrit Iree, A hundred virtues rise ' In shnpes ol mercy, clinrity, and love, To walk the world and bless it. Ol eve.iv tear That sorrowing mortals shed on such green groves Some good is born, some gentler nature comes. BY CHARLES DICKENS. MISCELLANEOUS. A Smart Editor. Portsmouth. Ohio, is certainly a great place rcmurk tble for a groat many produc tions, among which m iv bo mentioned fast boats and fast horses, independent tipplers, ti.Uilfau. rnvl lrwt. but nut le.flt. fl,n:irt v ... mi.-., i ... .i... i... eultors. Xllcy l.ave uuu aeciiiiio. u. n.o i.i- .o-.lou,r. thereth.it B .rnum could in ike a , .i .i.i.,i, !. ila a r ,i,i citizens to inform the showminof the ex ... - . iaience in their midst of this rare specimen. Baby shows and Fejee mermaids would be cast enfrely in tne snaae. A. UH TJ AmiKliifi n mrtnlmrf in tlint place, the editor of the Daily Herald, who had ustth.t morning run up the name of had just :hat morning run up Trimble as his candidate for Governor, th o't he must do something to distinguish himself I ..j. UIj. .Inimiinn t , ,ta nraul inn.a ha " had j ist espoused IIj nrenr, nrr tiimnerl " . m , hlncb and announced that "he a i r l j .- . ... . . if, r-h..a had a question to put to Mr. Chase, Mr. Chase took a deliberate squint toward the individual aforesaid, and said he would risk a reply. Cries of "go on, go on!" And tha ma-l seeking knowledge under difficulties "went on" as follows "Mr. Chase, are you in favor of the restor ation of the Missouri Compromise!" Mr. Chase took breath an J said he would first ask his friend "whit he meant by the Missouri Compromise" "How, sir!" ' Mr Chase "Toll us what you mean by the Missouri Compromise?" . A painful and fluttering pause. Then laughter, and cries of "H Cin't do it!" -lle don't knw himself !" 'The Misauuri Compromise," said the in dividual, "is ah, it is fLtughter, and cries of Go on! go on!" "The Missouri Compromise is the. compro mise that we give Missouri in eighteen hun dred and ind In eighteen hundred and twenty for which our fathers fuighi and fought and bled when we got. Missouri." Here some one tore his paiua on a in hook, and swore some. Mr. Chase laughing "I perceive friend does not know what the Missouri Com promise is!. If he means to usk if I am favor of restoring what is left of ihe Missouri Compromise, I reply that there is nothing' left but the Prohibition, and I am in luvor ths restoration of thai. I concede to s'aveholders all their existing right, and pri vileges, and would not interfere with one them; but I oppose the extension of Slavery over any of tho new Territories north south of 36 8 30'." r There was a small commotion again the meat block, the crowd upon it separated, and the man who had been hungering thirsting about the "compromise," weotdowc passed out and "compromised" bis by quenching hia "thirst" wuhagio atck-tai:. Scioto Uaiette Happy as a Clam. t ! , I ! - A cheerful tamper is a naiurat gift, the tie sirabitity of which cannot be questioned, but seldom do we meet with . nlrit .n il,n,ou.rl.lv saturated with good nature that no disan , ,.:., : pointmi'ht, no poverty, deprivation or com bination uf adverse circumatancfls can break it down or overcome its geniality. But yes terday morning a man made his appearance before Justice Brennan who seemed to have a perfect f .utitain of undiluted contentment somewhere in his combination which no de pressing influences of care or accident hud bee ( able to exhaust or adulteratea typo, a modern edition of Mark Tapley a human barrel of jolliuess without hoops on. He was arrested lot being intoxicated. He gave his name as Outtyphat Take, and sai.' ho was a printer, and huiled from the Gem of Science office. He is a short mnn. of beer-cask fig ure, and a face as rubicund as if he slept in a room with red curtains. His answers to the questions of the authorities showed his Con tentment under all shades of fortune. The Justice being also in genial humor was in clined to banter the disciple ot Ben. Frank lin, and accordingly addressed h m as follows: Judge Well, Mr. Take, it snems you have thrown aside the compusing-itick," and gone to getting drunk for a living I'm afraid you're a "bad case" and stand in need of "cor nirhnrr " I lliinlr T .ihtill aanrf Bnn In l.r.l.i.il " These technicalities, which were uttered in a sort nf vnn.atAp.T-lrnt.w.vmir-trirle-nA. well-as-you-do-sir, seemed to uivn Mr. Take w. 1 " - - J . .. that assurnncn which printers seldom lack, but of which the solemnities of a police court might temporarily have deprived him, und he an-wer-'d: Prisoner Well, at any rite, I'm glad we've no "ga leys" in this country, or I sup- pose voU'd put mo there, and "well leaded". at thai. But bless you, sir, going to jail's noth'ng; the last time I was there I tamed a rat and learned him to chew tobacco, besides inventing three new stejis for a fancy horn pipe it's a good deal better than setting 'solid minion," more than three-quarters 'figure work," and getting only a "price and 'a half" for it. Lord bless you, 'Squire, I'd 'a great deal rather go to jail ten days than not. I've g il sick of work jmt now, and I'll huvs a chence to got the bile oiTmy stomach. Judge You seem to take it easy) how do you propose to employ your mind this tripl Prisoner Well, Corporal, I'm undecided bother I'll learn to whistle the opera of ho "Boheiniin Girl," . Diacfice standing on my head, or undertake to acquire the elegant nc-cmnpli-diineiit nf balancing straws on my nose; if I could get a cat I'd tench her to play the fiddle, if 1 thought the strings wouldn't remind her unpleasantly of intesti nal discords after her lelinn body h id been nine times nlnin. Judge Mr. Take, you seem pirticulary happy under the circumstances; have you got a wi t-l Prisoner Not now Lieutenint. I hid one, but she ran cHf with a bow-legged cob bler) I was so glad about it, that I sent her dresses and a quit claim deed of her person, which I signed in capital letters; sh? lelt me one bov but he was a "foui cony," not a bit like me; I bound him '-irentico to the type sticking trade, but the first day ho qu irreled with the regular "devil," iip;ed ovr the "batik," pulled a "form" .off 'ha "imposing stone," and r-piod" five "columns;" lie drop ped tho "shooting slick" into tha "ull g itor press," and in tho evening he and another hoDeful bow was caunht rehearsing a broad - ' - 8Word c"nlbat wltn a couple of "columti rules;" tha "foreman" "buttered" him with ! the "mallot," and when he got home to me I,a .im-illn. " mill ivhpn ha trot he had a "fancy head," if there ever was one Clerk - Where is he nowl Prisoner He ran away with a circus, and the last I saw of him he was in the middle of sawdust nog trying to tie hrs legs ,n a bow knut roul,d his neck; I've been jollier mnce : then than ever beiore.- Judge You seem to be always jolly. Prisoner Sj I am; I laughed when my r...l.aH lii.nu. ma kii I rF it ... i.J nf 0 1 .1 W i I, nn... wu ..--.. j - old: laua"ei1 wl,on . my arm, an,, msue funny faces at the doctor while he was set- u...:. .1... I .., , ""3'." " "af , , I . ,V. T. UI.e llllltj WI.CII I l.uvtl. V uu, uuc biiii, unu w pair of pants to put on, had spent all my money and went hungry forty hours. I never was really unhapoy but once in my life, and that w is when I fell down stairs, fractured my collar bone, and skinned my leg so badly I couldn't gat down on my knees to thank God I hadn't broken my neck: The Judge relented and let M luke go, and that rotund individual left the room try ing to whistle and sing at th samu time, and also dunce an independent jig with each leg to a different tune AT. Y. Tribune. I "Codfish Aristocracy." 'at my in oi the of or on and feel ings Wii-'n we see a young man dressed in the extreme of fashion, promenading the street,; flourishing a delicate walking stick, ogling the ladies, and turning up his elegant proooscis, with an air of disdain at a poor neighbor's son or d iu 'liter, when, we know too, that his father sequlred the property which his fool of a son is muking himself ridiculous upon, by grease und ashes, we ure leir.p'fed shout in his assinine ears, "Hurrah for-tres codlinh." ' When wo sea a young woman whose high-' est ambition nppears to be a desire to eclipsol Iter neighbor in uiess, and who makes It her constant boa t that she "never washed a dish or hemmed a shirt, hecajse shis regards its a vulgar accomplishment, we leel a strong inclination to whisper in her ear, "Hurrah lor codhMi." When we see a young man too proud carry bundle in the street, when We know his father is a wood-sawyer, or. when we see a young miss sealed in the parlor, pe.using novel, while "ma" is doing the kitchen drud- gery, we say to ourself, ' Hurrah for cod fish." When we hear a lady protest that 'cannot inteivled ride in an omnibus because it iot common iuib, wo can r . II. .. help exclaiming to ourself, "Hurrah for cod' flah." . . VVIicn we- see a Indv arr-.i ye l in the; c"est laurics, treat witn contempt a scnooi maio hDe clothing is n .1 ol so rich a ten-' tnre, especially when wo remember trntt some of the sforeswid lady's relatives ure inmates of the poor house, and others of the Slam prison, wo feel n strong desire to thunder in her ears, ''Hurrah lor codfish. ' Whon we hear a man boasting of his nn cestry, and taking unwonted pxins to display i.;. .....!. ,.i . i.. . .,r ...i.in i,- I, id iicit;i)Uf.u lUIIHiy tun, ... Dim., wnii.li iit hos stolen Irom some old book of heraldry, we laugli as we lay to oursolf, "Hurruh for C.dflsli." When we see an elegant carriage dashing 1 tlirough the street with heraldic device em blazoned on its truppings, with a coachman and footman decked out in a sort of lively and especially when we know that its aristo cratic proprietor made his m tney by vending "purely vegetable pills," which were n .thing more or less than dried peas, wo exclaim, Hurrah lor codfish." In Bliort, when we see petplo putting on haughty airs because it has pleased Provi dence to endow them with a liberal share of this world's goods, or when we see the super ciilious sneer of contempt upon the face of a person to show hia or her estimation of one who "works for a living,"' we feel a strong desire to show our ostii.ia.ion of tm by ex ,,llur "Hurrah for codfish." We are thankful that aristocracy in this countr has ulwnys been at a discount, and we hope it always will be, and can only pity the silly, soft, contemptible man or woman who may be feolish enough to imagine fur a moment that t be a member of an exclusive class, is the supreme height ol human fe'ici- like "charity, cover V. Dutchman. " ' " ?'.',, rau,lllud of "- j Female Influences: A Gem. BY DR. NOTT. Ut'Jer God, I owe my early education nay all that I have been or am, to tho tutelage of a pious mother. It was, peace to her saint td spirit, i' was her monitory voice that first taught my young heart to feel that there was dar.g-r in the intoxicating cup, aud that safety lay in abstinence And us no one is more indebted than my self to the kind of influence in question, so no one real z s how decisively it bears upon tho influenc of others Fuil well I know, that by woman came the apotaey of Adam, and by woman tho recov ery through J-tus It was woman thru im bued the mind and formed the character of Moses, Israel's deliver. It whs a woman that led the choir, and gave back the response of that triumphal procession, which went forth to celebrate willi ti more Is, on the banks ol the ReJ S-a, the overthrow of Pharaoh. It wus a womaii t hut nut Sisera to flight and Composed the song of Debora and Barek, the son of AbniKm. mid judged in righieou-n'-ss for years, tho Jribes of Isrel. Il was a wo- nm ihut defeated the wicked counsels of H .man, delivered righteous M irdceai.and saved a whole people from their uiter desola tion. And not now now to spoak of Soiniramis at Mabvlon, ot Catharine ol Ru-s.a, or of those Queens o:' lingland, whosn joyous reigns con -ti u e the bright -st p -nod in history, or he, the youttg and lovely, the pat. on of learning and morals, who now ud irns the throne of llio seagiri Isles, not now to speak ol these, there ure others of morn sacie.l character, ofj whom it were udinis.-dble even now to speak. Tne sceptro of empire is not the sceptre that best befits the h mils of a woman, nor is the field of carnage iier fie Id of glory. Home, sweet home, is her theatre of action, pedestal of beuirty, and the throne of her power. O if seen abroad she is leen to best advantage when on errands of love, and wecring her robe of mercy. It was not woman who slept during O.e airoiiies of Gethsemane; it was not woman who denied her Lord at the palace of Cai phas; it was not a woman who deserted his cross on the hill of Calvary. But it was wo man that dared to testify her 'espect for his corpse, thut procured spices for embalming it, and that was found last at night, and first in the morning, at his sepulchre. Time has neither impaired her kir.dness, shaken her constancy, nor changed hercharucteo. Now, as formerly, she is most ready to en ter and moat reluctant to leave the abode ot misery. Now as formerly, is her office, and well it hus beer sustained, to stay the faint 1 ing head, wipe from the dim eye the tears of anguish, and from the cold forehead the dew ot death Tho Lord's Praye';' f iistiug.iihed kindness, urbani'y, and pie Collecting ty. The host though disapproving of tliea ti and theatte-going, hud heard so much ' 1 Booth's remark ible powers, that Ctiriosily ee ll o in m" had, in this instance, ' overcome j; his scruples an ! prejudice A'ter th- en- to a she was A friend tells us an anecdote of Booth the grout tragedian, which we do not recol ;,.ct having seen in print. .It occurred in the pnlny days of his fame before the sparkle his great black eye had been dimmed by that bane of Genius, strong drink i R loth and several friends hid been Invited to dine with an old gentleman in Baltimore, lerlninm -at was ov -r, lain is lighted, ana the company re-seated in Hio dr.tvying-room.soioel t nni1 requested ll 'uih, asa p r:u-.ular favor, unJ one whicit all present would doubtless appreciate, to read aloud th . Lord's Prayer. gatn r,,ae slowly and reverently from his chair. It was wonderful to watch the play - 0f emotions that convulsed his countenance. became deathly pa.a, and his eyes, turned tremblingly upwards, were wet with tears. As yet he had out spoken. The silence cou'd be felt. It became absolutely pain- 'I ful. until at last the spell ww broken as the spell ww broken as shock, and his rich toned by an electric ,0ice. from white hps, syllslled forth- out .father wno art i oeaven, otc., whij . . ..... a. - . thos and ferTid solemnity that thrilled all hearts lie Inished. The silence cuntiti- tied. Nut a voice was heard or a muscle movea in ms rupi auuicnce, unu. irom a re mote corner oi the room a Subdued sob was hoard, and the old gentleman (their host) steppc.l forward with streaming eyes and tottering frame mid ne zed Booth Ly the hand. '-Sir," said he, in broken accents, "you huve afforded rr.e a pleasure for which my whole future life will fee! gnitelul. I am an old ir.m, and every day, from boyhood to tho present time, I thought I had repealed the Lord's I'rnyer, but I never hoard it before, never.' "You are right," re peated Booih, '-to read that prayer as it should be read, has cost me the severest study and labor for thirty years, and I am far from becoming yet satisfied with my rendering that wonderful production. Hardly one per son in ten thousand comprehends how much beauty, tenderness and grandeur can be con densed in a space so small, and In words so xluiple. That prayer of itself sufficiently i'lustrates the truth of the Bible, and stamp upon it tho seal ol Divinity.'' rjj great was the effect produced (ssys our informant, who was present) that conserva tion was sustained but a short time longer in m nosyllables and almost entirely ceased; and soon after, at an early hour, the com pany broke tip, snd .retired to their several homes, willi sad faces and full hearts. CM ca$o Tribune. A Capital Joke. We are tn'd, a few days since the f( Bow ing piece of "skinning" as it was called, and which is too good to be lost, thowing at the same time the straits of a certain class of gentlemen are put to in muking a raise: A well known "case" who was hard up for money, meeting a brother chip in the street, told him if he would walk across the street, go in to the front door of the ho-el opposite, and in walking in be very lame in his right leg, but come out in a few minutes and be very lame in his left leg he would mrke it all right with him sometime. Without asking why or wherefore, the fellow did as request ed, and the "skinner" going up to it gentle man, remarked to him ,iow lame that man into.f w: s in ins leu it?", rvuuwus itisi i?uuv iiiiui the hotel. The uentleman said he was noli anie in hia left leff which the other insisted "... .. lena a.i Hot to Belt t it matter, tne "NUin- nr i,i.o....lo.tplv nroniisr,,! u hot .if Si 1 0 tli.it the mm was lame in his left leg, which the ,r,,ii.m..,. ,,A..nr,li.wrlu innb nr. Tho niMiM was posted, und in a few moments out cimo the fellow, so desperately lame in his left leg that he' cuuld scarcely get down the steps r i,..tl nH n r-nnrse the rr..,.tleninn lost the bei. and thu"h he could scarcely bclievel a . . . J his own eyes, for ulthough the man came out lame in his left leg, he wa3 perfectly certain: ha wpnt h.Dlaniein his ri 'ht ler. but at the .me time lie never imagined unv collusion between- the parlies. We have heard of many ways of "raising Ihe wind;"' but this goes a little ahead ol an. Aioany n.nuxcr- wr.- A Capital Joke. POLITICAL. Kansas Free State Convention. ol to of if if 'Ouri pa The Kans'ia Herald of Freedom, September; 8lh, contains' a full account of the Kansas Free State Convention, which assembled ut Big Springs on the 5th instint. Ihe first; day of the Convention was taken up with the usual preliminary business on such occasion. Or, the second day the Chairman of the Com mittee on a Platform reported, through Col. Lare, a series of Resolutions of which the lollowing are the moaViinportant. Resolved, That-setting aside aM minor issues of partisan politics, it is incumbent upon fsto proffer an organiZitiou calculated to recover our dearest risrhts, and into which Democrats and Whi 's, Natives and naturalized citizens, may freely enter without any sacrifice oftl eir respective political creeds, but without forcing them as a lest upon others. And that when we shall have achieved our political freedom, vindicated out'r'ights of solf-governmert; and become an independent State or the Union, when those issues may become vital as they are now donnaiit, il will be tiraa anough to divide our organization by those tests, the im portance of which we fully recognize :n their appropriate spher8. Resolved, That we will oppose and resin al! non-resident vo'ers at our polls, whether from Missouri or elsewhere, us a gross violation our rights, and a virtual dislrunchiseinenl our citizens. Resolved, That our true interests, socially, morally and pecuniarily, require that Kansas ui.,vi,l ha a Free Stale: that-free labor will best promote the happiness, the rapid popula tion, the prosperity and the wealth of our peo ple; that slave labor is a curse to the muster and ihe community, if not to the slave; that our country is unsuite. to it, and that we will devote our'energiesasa party to exclude the institution and to secure for Kanzas the Con stitution of a Free Stulo. Resolved. That in so doing we will consent to any lair and reasonable provisian in regard to the slaves in tne rerruory, wuiuu suui. protect the masters agiinst injustice and totul loss. Resolvd, That it i 'he opinion or tins Con vention thut Ihe admission of Ires negroes mul .toes, into the Territory or future .-tale ofKauSM. will ba productive of evil amonj the people of Kanzis, and dangerous to the institutions pt our sister Slate and that we will oppose their admission into the Ter- rllory OT future atate ot mania aim forever. ' The remaining two resolutions are lo effect bav the churge ol abolitionism which has been made agaiust the Free Sute party ... v ........ ia without a shadow o; truth Ul tt.ii.il - .,.r.ort li. and (hat the party denounce .nnDt to eucroaoh on the constitutional ,ir,hi of the people of any of the States, or - wilh ibeirelaves, conceding to their .hie rilrt to regulate their owo , ... ' ...nmtttee hayinsr in chare lair.. ... w . - 1 jejiijve mutters of Kanas, also made j I i I I I I i j I report from which we 'ske tlie following rc-1 Solutinnai Uriolwd, That this misculled Legislature, ! by their reckless disregard of the organic Tor- j nlorial act, and other ('ungression il k-giula- j lion, in expelling members w hoao title to j eat was beyond their power to annul, in ad-1 milling nviiibi rs who were net elected, in , altering the preemption laws and the natura lization laws, and in legislating at an unuu thoi ized p!acebv their refusal to allow tlx: people to select any of our officer by im-.' posing upon us llieirjowii appointees, down to, the most insignificant offices, many of whom ( were ut.questionable residents of Missouri at, the lime by leaving us no elections save j proscribed by Congress, and therefore , beyond llieir power to arrogate, and even al j thcee imposing restrictions upon us, requiring the payment of one dollar as a tax, selling ; the right of suffrage at our ballot boxes to any j non-resident who chouses to buy and pay lor' and thf taking an oath to support the United States Law invidiously pointed out, by ; stifling the freedom of speech and ot the press, thus usurping powjr forbidden by Congress,' have trampled under foot the Knas bill,! huve defied the power of Congress, libeled the : Declaration of Independence, violated the j Contitutional Biil of Rights, and brought , contempt and disgrace upon our Republican institutions, at home and abroad. Resolved. Thit we owe no allegiance or obe dience to the tyrannical enactment of this spurious Legislature thutlheir laws have no validity or binding force upon the people ol Kuiizas; and that every freeman among us is at full liberty, ct nsistantly with all his obliga tions as a citizen and a man, to defy and roeist them, if ho chooses so to do. And the remuimng resolutions on the f gisiative repou, oreaiue me spirn oi re- "rl,l"- l" l" cl ' pu..ou3 urgi-.o lure, even to a bloody issues, when it is , found that all peaceable remedies bIii.1I fail. The committee on a Concessional j Delegate reported in effect, that because the i Legislative bo ly, sitting at Shawnee Mission, not at a place where valid laws could ! be made, and were, consequently, no valid provision could bo made lor the coming e'ec- J the neoole are driven to the neces-ity 1 nieeting in their sovereign capacity to pro- vide for said election, ond it is therefore lt snlveii Ov the citizens ofKauzjs, in Con- i.i.. I .i.. i -i.nll - .... i .vuttuu uaseuiu.oo, l-.tll an v.uvuoi! nuuti bo held ill the sevorul election districts ill this Territory on the second Tuesday of OVtoI.e-1 next, under the reL'U lul'ons orecri bed lor the election 01 tne join unrcu last, in reierence , to 'he places und manner oi ho ding the same, i "d the manner of making the return, as well as all matter relatinir to tho foriiuli of the election, excepting the appointment o! ' ..en. . . i . i . . ... i . . . . . i. til omcers anu tne person to wnotii returns suaii ue made, winch shall be determined by this Convention, for the purpustf of electing a Delegate to represent this Territory in the iiuriy-iounn congress oi unneu oia.es The committee on Miscellaneous Business . ru a u. .vmuUU , lu i.,, n , tnai tne aiiei;ed cuuse oi tne removal oi ' Governor Reeder and oilier Territorial ol- hcors had no eulllcient lounlation in truth i o-n I or plausibility, and giving the reasons for. rri. r. i , . . i The Convention then proceedej tD the nomiimtiiin nf i. Tt-rritnrii. Djlerrate to Con. gross, Andrew II. Reeder, late . , Governor of i K.. . , ..i i. via u'tu nit.nirtutuil nitil H.M nnililll.itliin ,'. , ' i .i i o.i ia.l K.i .... niiintl.in 111 Hll.VIP ill 1 ll n In niis.ver to the ! calls of tiie crowd, the late Governor apiiear cd on the stand. Tiie Herald of Freedom re ports the ex-Governor's speech us follows: I GOVERNOR REEDER'S SPEECH. of or to to if- the He proceeded to Bay how much he thanked them for their encouraging and str.-nfthen-, inrr friendship; that such applause St approv-; afwould repay ail the injustice that might be. heaped upon anv man; that every man there j would do hiin the jusiica to say that this nomination had been given entirely without, by him or by his friends) thai to it would Buriously interfere with pri- vale nrranrrements. and that he had contiuu- a'ly refused it when urged, until he had been . told by men from all parts of the Territory, that his name was essential to success. He i.i nn. ...... a ...... ,.n.li.,..n thnt ha WUUIU IF Via Ul-UI-fJ. IV llfFUU VVIIUI.x il a.H ta iint rvnontaA lit r.ftnvMri thn 'Vp.rntarv iii person. To do so would not ba consonant with his reelings, as well as that he desired too into the halls or Congress and say,"I tome here with clean hands, the spontaneous choice of the sovereign squatters of Kansas." In giving him this nomination in this maimer they hadstreiigihe,.ed his arms to do iheir work; and in return he would now pledge to them a steady, unflinching pertinacity ot pur - pose, never-tiring industry, dogged p-rsever- r .... ...... ... i . , Tien, ni.i a lit m uln HICS Willi Wllicn UOU had endowed him, to the righting of their wrongs, and the final triumph of their cause. He believed from the circumstances which had for tl.e last eight same time placed in possession many facti, snd bound him heart; and soul to tho oppressed voters ol Kansas, that he could do much toward obtaining aj redress of their grievances. Ho said that day by day a crisis was com-. ing upon us; that in after tunes this would: be to posterity a turning point, a marked period, as are to us the opening o! the Uevo lution, tha adoption of the Declaration of In dependence, und the- era of the alien and sedition laws; that we should take each step carefully, so that no violence be done lo the tio which binds tha American people togeth er. Alluded iu tho unprecedented tyranny under which we are and have been; and said that if any one supposed that institutions were to be imposed by forca upon a free and enlightened people, they never knew, or had lorgotlen, the history ol our lathers. Amer ican citizens bear iu their breasts too much of the spirit of other and trying day., and have lived too long amid the blessings ol liberty, to submit to oppression from any quarter; and the man who, having ouce been 'ree. could tamely submit to tyranny, was lit to be a slave. v He urged tho Free State men of Kansas to forget all minor issues, tod pursue deloTinin cdly tho one "rent otycet, never swerving, harvests watered by our tear.', then tftcre is no more chance for us:ice. God has pro those vided in tho eternal Iramo of thing redress 'or every w rung, and th'.re r-mains to us still the steady eye and the strong arm, and we must conquer, or mingle the bodies of the oppressors with those of the oppressed upon the soil which the Declaration of Independ it, ence no longer protects. Bot he was not at all apprehensive that such a crisis would ev. r arrive. He believed that justice might be fount, fur short of so dreadful an c-xtrettuty ; and even should an appeal to arms come, it w as his opiniuu thot if we are w ell prepared, that moment the victory is won. Our in- you that you so prepare me, that to a similar question 1 may boldly answer, "The Great Jeliovah aud the sovereign Squatters of Kanzas." He spoke long and eloquently upon the im were portar.ee that no rashness should endanger the Union hich we all love and cleave to. He did not consid -r the correct public son tion. timeiit of the South as indorsing the violent but hteadry prs ng on, as did the wie rrrn who followed Hie Ktar to the manger, looking batk only for lre?h encouragement. He counseled tual peaceful ro.siilaiico be made to the tyrannies! and liiijtist laws of the spur.oiis L-g.siature; that appeals to lhr Courts, to th ; bullot-box and to f. 'otigre,be made lor relief from this oppressive load: that violence shoul be deprecated so lot g as a single hope of peaceable redress remained; but if at lea.t all these should fail if in the proper tribunal there is no hope for odr dear- est rights, outraged and profaned if we are still to suffer that corrupt nicn may reapj vadera ill never strike a blow in eo ut.jost a cuuse. "Thrice armed is lie w ho hath bis qnnrrel jtisl;" He then entered into the plan of conduct ing the cau.paign. and advised that the pro clamation from the people calling the elec tion, be signed by every voter. Let the legal requirements of an election bo strictly ob served. Our position is one of asking only that the luw be carried out. When Col. Ethan Allen was asked at Ticondorogn, by whose authority he demanded the fort, he re plied, '-In the name ol the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress." I expect of rongs which had been perpetrated by Mi sotiriuus in our 1 errttorv, and that being so, he waited to bear theT rebuke. Should it . ... nut come, and all hope of moral influence tc correct these evils be cut eff, and the tributi- als of our country fail us, while cur wrongs slill continue, wnal tiien: ill tuey nae grow u eas.ur iu uear ujr lorbid thut uny lapse of lime torn freemen to the duties when !sucii lat-tl danger as custom? God tdioold accus of slaves, and that menaced comes, then is the time to ... . ...... 'Strike lor our altars nnd our Pre?, Strike lor the green graves ot our aires ti id aud our native land." As he paused, there was for an instant a deep silei ce as when a question of life or death 't being considered every man drew a lonir breath, but the next insiant the air was - ,.yM ft wislrjke... ..vite , . ,.,.. m " Z " . - -. U I ,.R.,nrl...l'f ..Minn xvgni. coring ..is speech, he h id been constantly interrupted bv shouts and shaHing of binds, but now the- eiltnus asm was uii;overiiuie, tut? truwu b . . . . . . lll'ra , c .UUIU iillliv. bio .no uiavu n 7 . . , . . ! 1 .1 - iU. Un.. I - n.mnhMio ih.ini nun. I 11(13 II UIV icm " ui n lltlllVUIl v-iiks p.v- ... t ' B f pie, than wear a kingly crown f ' s J v e Mr. Chase on Taxation. Mr. Chase in that city, on M.nday evening, W would glad y transfer the whole of it to our columns, we.-e it not for the pressure ot news and other matter, which limits our space. We are glad to find that Mr. Chase, in the speech made by him in Dayton, has givn a very full expression to his views in re solicitation gard to tho subject of Stute taxation, a sub accept ject which is of such universal interest to the The Davtun Gazette, of Wednesday, con tains a very full report of the speech made by peonies: hud .......j tle thoughts entertained uy me uu.iu gut.neu gentlemin could have been expressed in Ion- Sge more concise and pointed than wa used by .litn on tui occasion reierreu to. lie. B:iV6 These taxes are indeed not all for S ate expenses, nor are they levied asttate t ixes A pa-t or them are for township and county purposes. But they are all Uvied under laws enacted by the party who control the State Administraiion. And we thmk that tho lau: hould be altered. We believe that not only should the aggregate of taxes be reduced tc a . sum absolutely necessary for the expenses of the State, but that tiie present rateot taxation l...i.l.l .it.i.1 I,., el. .uireif. .Ti.i. nrmr.inlt iinon 6-.. . . -. which taxes are at present collected, is a sub ject of tost complaint. By legislative enactment, properly holders were entitled to deduct from the effect in their possession, the amount of the claims held against them by others. But ibis enact ment, the Judiciary have decided to be un constitutional, and the result is that tho poo- plo uro taxed, not only for what they have, but also for what they have not. Subsequent ly to the decision of the Supremo Court, tho Staip'Auditur issued his circular, promulga ting the rule and directing the Cou ity Audi tors to act accordingly. In some counties the recommendations of this ciroulur have been followed, while in other they have been en tirely disregarded. Hence, in difleremdislricts different rules of taxation prevail, and the run sequence of the whole is thut our taxes are op pressive.not onlv by th ;ir aniouut, but also by their rross iaenuulitv. Within lour years, the taxes ol tne state have swelled from four millions of dollars nine millions; so thai each man, womau and child, were luxe, laid ' equally up in all. the population , would bo obliged to pay four d il- lars and fifty conls eycry year towards the ex- pen.es of tho Goversntiatt. Every man, who owns an acre of land, feels the burthen of this most expensive taxation. To the farmer, magnitude makes it appear rather a rent than a tax, ao that he feels a if tho state '.vere landlord, aud he occupied simply the relation ofatnint. Now the psrty in p.iwer liavn made a ticket with names i'f all the men upon it who were in office last year tho very men under whose auspices the tuxos l.nve swollen lo iheir present ruorinoiis aiiioiiiit. Upon what ground 'hey wiil u-a u poll you tho flection nf these men, 1 know not, 1 unless it be, '.hat having known so well how to put on taxes, thy are lo be supposed lo understand equally well the best moil of taking them off. But, gentle mm, that the taxes may be liL'lit-nid, it is not alone n.cessa y that these men should know hoic, but that they should also have the disposition to remove tllem and of iheir disposition, I think we are justi ri. d in looking upon their Lpast history as a sufficient irdex. - Now it the opinion of tao Republicans, tlit rul'( of taxation should be entirely differ ent. Tio-y hold thut if a man begins Jife with noiliii.g, it is wrong , to crush him be neath a burden ol taxes. Givo him n open rlildaud fair start. When ho hax means then tax hi in for them, but fairly and equally; and apply the same rue to all persons whether natural or iirliGciki to banks snd insurance nnd railroad companies. ' To illustrate the rule nd ipted by the State Adininistrritlon, take the case of a mail who borrows one hundred and fi.'ty dollars, and, r. i'lieut using il hiviself, lends it to his neigh bors, receiving his note In this case the person supposed is taxed for 5150, simply fof being the agcr.t by whom that amount is col- -Ictt d irom the hl debtor for the Lencfit of ibe o. iglnol creditor. U th? defenders of this rub of taxation, urge it ss a co n.ic-nsatio.i fir its injustice, that It increases tiie tax This is very true. Put upon the list everylhiuj. the people have, ana you wiil undoubtedly swell it to a pretty good size, .utict ma thuw you by. motoer i.luslration, how this plan works, in increa-ing the list. Suppose I borrow $1,000, and then loan the same amount to a per.-on who lends it a g iin, and so on through tho 400,000 voters in the State tiil we reach the original lendei, who in his turn gives his obligations for a thousr.nd. We h:ue then 100,000 obligations for SI. 000 each, amounting iu all to 400, 000 000, which according lo the present rul is the su'iject of taxation. In other words 3i40O.OOO.O00 is addod by these transactions lo the taxable properly of the Stute, while the actual property is not increased a parti cle: so that every man iu tiie State, pay $10 for the privilege ol borrowing and lending $1,000. ' This is ail wrong, and no utterly indefensi ble is it, that I never heard a respectable ar gument "in its favor. The only caso 1 ever heard of like it was the s'.ory ot ihe two Yan- kees, (und by the way, if you will keep it a profound secret, I will inform you that I am by birth a Yunkse. born, I am almost asham ed to say, in the sime Slate with Mr. Pierce: but I cou J not help it; and I wls caught and brought to Ohio eo young that it didn't hurt me,) who being in jail with not a cent of inaney between thein, made 50 in three months by swapping. So similar is the mode if raising mouey adopted by the State of Oiiio. to the plan by which our Yankees en riched themselves, that I think it properly de serves the name of the jn:';-kiife system of taxation. But it is the bus nrss of ths Legis lature to evi.se a EVstem, by whi.-h tho bur thens of the State shall be born equally by the properly of the State. And if the decision of the Supreme Cot.r sin goo I liw.and the Con s i.ut on re lly stands in the w.ty or such a re suit, then I am in favor of whatever charge in tho Constitution may be necessary to f feet it. iff 4 ? Oppression. ( , Tiie following is an extract from a letter1 direct from G, W. LSa jWN. editor of the Kan zas Herald of Freedom, published at Lawrence Kanzas Territory, to the editor tl the Peru Chronicle. More blood is wanted; crime increases, in fumy deepens: I "llo.v Ion. before I shall be an exile I . LrnuLU twit lni'v the rttiiiri4 In.ttr mnrn it; murd pjrtentouj. j can ,iear t,ie thunders. Tiiey appir neM. al ham, The ,ightning8l oh heir tla-li is seen nlortfj tie skvi When the I blo-v coin's, it I f ill in the Iray I pray you : hnd an arm "to hit my place. As long as ! there is a dollar of means belonging to my' elite, I pray it may be used in precuting this war. I have written to H. J. Mison, ConneauU ville, Craw ford Co., Pa., in relation to my business. Siiottid anything bj all me and . mine by which wo ure ineapaciated for wield ing the pen, or keeping the HeruU aRoal cor t''S,ioiid immediately w ith Mr. Mason; see what can be done, and lose no time in pushing on the Hi rald. I I have vuiTfALLV received a challcrg to' day. It was so intended, but I profess not to understand it. Auer my next piper is out I' huve no doubt I will receive one direct and open. My answer wiil drive Ilia demons to desperation, us il will appear through' the press. I do not pretend to uppeur in tho street with out two revolvers und a bowie knife. Seven men uct upon mc the other night, and attempt ed to drive me from my position. If profane words und lUts swinging iu the air could have uccomplislied anything I should liao been annihilated. I stood wiih'hundt in my breeches pocket and told them, "Thrnateu as long as you please, but don't slrike," Yours God and Freedom, G. W. BROWN. its his The I oledo limes has been quoted asi1 ; paper that has hauled down the nam of Chase and run up that oi i rimuie. we have that paper of tho 2id inst., before ns, and Cha.o is till flying at its mast head. The editor refers to and contradict the rumor uf his change. He will continue to support Mr. Chase, He says Trimble wiil out gel vote in Lucas county enough to maho it rHspecllK ble. Ether Chase or Medill wi'l hf elected,, and tho true men of the Northwest have no idea of aiding the candidate of the Slave De mocracy by throwing away their voles upon . Trimble. Sensible men in tho Northwest. It. S. Journal. ' ' : - . I"