Newspaper Page Text
- Eerl Hostility to every' forai oftjrr unr orer the taiad of Man." Thareday Jionrirjg, Ftb. 20, 1857. The Smelling Committee Again. We have just received the Report of the . Investigating Committee on Public Build ings add lnstiulons, which is worth a re- " tlcw ty every one. Itconsists of n ix-! arr.inaticn of the contract fur building or j ' jproing, ansypi 1.. ing the provb-icm of, the Ohio Penitentiary, the State House, and the Newburg and Daytiin Lunatic Asy lums, We have in. t lime fur a lengthy re uew ol particulars, ana wui o: ly give a of the Report is laid down bv the' i'- Committee. f -Ori the Ohio Penitentiary tlwre is a de 4 felcalijn of - - - -. , Due n Books .... Orercha'ge on I o.'ieian - raid Wil.iam Trt.rt - 85,is8 sr. l'3 00 fraud on Corn Couiracl - 3u3 U) Upon the New Stale House there are Intbi LrpriKliiurcs of - f lOb.Ono rrMids and Overcharges - 4. ' . fn building the Newburg Asy"um there were I've k Esjwneca of fraud and Uvcrcbarg fr5.'0 CO M ,b SO fn the D.. Ion Av!um there were - Useless Expense to lha amount ol - jri.SCO P0 Fraud and Overcuargta ... b.-iw li.' Adding aB together, it gitcs a grand to- ' Ul of 279,383 77. Add to this the frauds on the Public Works, and we hse over , . half a million of dollars fur which the State i ' t . . is responsible, aud which is drawn from the pockets of the tax payers. 11 is not mucu wonaer mai our p-opir groan under the burden of their t;.. a," l.eu so much of the public funds have Lei 11 tui bexzJed, when we bare been er riiiug men ' In this wholsale manner that ri ver tamed . what they bave received. A? an ixaiopie of lie whole let as cons 'der a few items. Viral I1UC6 f LK .i-a kill fn I ... :. k : . aiwi, 1 n t.i a u ill I VI nil IIIBII H heating apparatus to the New kState House gave a profit of $16 000. Tnis, above actual expense, and for labor done within one i 1 : i year, is making money on what we wuul) call the "last line." a : r . : : . 1 i -1 1 - ' flHUUiC) IICU1 HUI LUJT Ul IS IIIC Ulll i ' of William Tbevitt for medical attend - anceat:be Hospital of $193 60. At the ""'date of this charge he was acting Secretary of Stale, and receiving pay for the Fame. lie alss was in private practice as a physi- day seem to have been spent in the service pi the Hospital of Penitentiary, at ?3;00 per day, without any detraction from servi ces reacered to State; and all this at a time when this same Ilorpital had a salaried Physician. We could mention numerous . inaUnres of a similar character, but con sider this enough. The people, who have suffered from these wrongs, are the bet " : I r ai 1 1 l i- juiigtra 01 mem, any 10 luc peupio wc vuu mil them, knowing that when such are brought before the tribunal of the people . l.- k :. u . 1: . . 1. : deserts; and, though the past may not be juuj ivcneu, jei ine perpetrators 01 me past offences shall Tarry their "mark," red . receive no more favors through the ballot- Kny. . . (rA bill bas passed both Houses of Congress authorizing the people of Minnc. eota to form a Constitution aad State Gov ernment of their own. C7ne Ciucinnati election has resulted in majority-in favor of Hosea, the inde pendent candidate. Slough was first de clared elected, and received his certificate and started for. Columbus, when it appeared the judges of two wards discovered a slight ' mistake in their count that turned the re. nil in favor of Hosea, who with this news started for Columbus also. By mutuai agree ment Hose, will not present bis evidence of election until Slgcgh returns to Ciu cinnati and examines for himself the dis- , puted records, and if he finds Hosea's statement curved he will send hi certilcalc to him and. not claim his seat. . P. S. The following from the State Jour na which came ts hand last night set t'es t!e matter: The Last of the Slough Gase. Sir. Hosea, the member elect from Ilitm ' il'.on county, presented himself this morn ing in the House to take hi seat. Mr. Slough, his competitor, to whom the cer tificate had been given, sent the same to (be 'Speaker with an accompanying note, withdrawing all claims to the seat. The t aptri were referred to the committee on flections and Privilages, who will lew repjrt this a'ternoon, and Mr. trill lis sworn in and take his scat. doubt- Hosea OTToe following bill has passed tie lover, boyss of Congress by a vote of ninety eiglit to sevecty-nlne. Those voting for the bill are all from the Northern Sla'.es. It remains for the Senate to decide upon its A BILL, For the relief the people of Kansas. Whereat, the President of the Lnited States transmitted to the House, by Uica. i sage, a printed pamphlet purporting to be the laws of tlie Territory of Kaneas, passed at Shawnee Mission, iu said Territory; and whereat unjust and unwarranted test-oaths are prescribed by said laws as a qtialifica 1 tion for voting or holding office in said Ter ritory; and tchereas the Committee of In vestigation sent by the House of Represen tatives to Kansai report that sud Legisla ture ws not elected by the legal voters of Kansas, but was forced upon them by non residents, in violation of the organic act of the Territory, nd, having thus usurped leg islative power, it en'Clcd cruel and oppres sive laws. Therefore, Be it enae'ed. eye., That all rules and reg ulations purporting to bo laws,' or in the form of law, adopted at Shawnee Mifsiou, in the Territory of Kansas, by a body o' men claiming to be the legislative assembly of said Territory, and all acts and proceed ings whatsoever of said assembly , are hereby declared invalid and of no binding force or effect. Stc. 8. And be it further enacted, That the Governor of said Territory shall, as soon as practicable, by public proclamation fix ' tiic time and places for an election of mem bers of the Legislative Assembly, appoint in tech district three competent persons to superintend the election therein, under such rules and regulations as he shall direct, and shall prescribe the taode and manner for the return thereof. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, Tha. any person offering to vote at said election whose vote shall be challenged shall, in ad djlion to the qualifications for voting S-cd ,000 ol partniiiating m, disturbing, con suuiir.arv troLiug. it voting nt any elertion held, or in the act of Congress organizing the Ter ritory, prove by bis own oath that be is a bona fide settler of said Territory, and by the oath of at least two legal voters that he is, end has been for one month immediately preceding, an actual resident o! said Terri tory, and for fifteen days a resident of the election district where he offer to vote. Sec. 4. And be it farther enacted. That if any pi riin, !U t being a.) actual inhabi tant or resident o! the said Territory, shall cat bis vole at any election which may be he'd in ihe si J Territory by authority of .a-v, such prison so offending t-ha'l.on con viction ;!iere;f in any criminal court, be punished by fine, not Irs; than twenty do!- !srs nor more than ce hundred dollars, and imprison met not l'f-E than tvo nium! nor more thas six month. That if any person or persona sholl mmc into any election d. strict of n.-tid Territory in arni"d and r;niz'-il bodies fur tin ni;r- to be lu-l iiiidor ;he anthuriiy of law there in, such per.-, m-rporsi in to offend ngslis I. oa conviction thereof in any crimiual cour be punished by a fine of m.t Iff 3 than $100 nul i"an .;ij-j, tnu iinprionmeiii fur a term no- Ices than three mui.tlis tuu nut excredinj one year. Six. 5. And be it fu.ilh.-r eiincUd, Th'it if any person hc:n a member of tiiy sixh orn.cd mi organized body as dercribed iu the preceding g'-clion, ur connected there with, and a non-resident of the raid Terri tory, shall vit at ny election which may be held In the aij Terrritory by authority of l.iw, I e shall, on conviction thereof, be pupihed by a fine of not less than one hun dred dollar and not exceeding five hundred dollar, and imprisonment fur a term of r.o h ts th in six luonths and not more than two vears. Sec. 6. And be it farther enacted, That any jiid;e of t lfction who rhal wilfully and knowingly n'low any vote ti be polled in violation ol the fuurth and fifth sections of this act, shall, on coiivic'.ion thrresf, be punished by a line of not less than fi'ty dol lars r.or more than thrse hundred dollars, and impriMjnnicnt for term of nit less ban six ni'Hith nor more than one year That all olTVnces under tnis act may be prosecuted by indictment in any criminal court having jurisdiction of felonies or niis- dtmeauor committed in aid Territory. All laws, rule, or regulations inconsist ent w ith the provisions ol this act are bcrc by declared null and void. The Emancipation Question in Missouri. - touri. [From the Missouri Democrat.] declaring the emancipa- tijn movement "inexpedient, impolitic, un wise, and unjust," has parsed the House of Representatives, and must now be accepted a the accredited opinion .of the General Assembly of Missouri. In the Senate four members voted against it, Messrs. Blow, Rannels, Holmes and Stevenson, and the House twelve voted against it, nil of whom belong to the St. Louis delegation Three of the four Senators who had the sa gacity and pluck to record iheir votes in the negative are also from St. Louis, and, to getber with the delegation in the other branch, represent a constituency of a hun dred and forty thousand freemen, fur it will nut be pretended that Frost and Rogers rep resented their ronKtit icnts on this occasion any more than on previous occasions. The Representatives and Senators from St. Louis bave acted nnnfully aud well, and with fidelity to the popular sentiment of this city aud with a prescience of comi.-ijr eve its. These men are true to the St. Louis of the present, but still more true, il possible, to the St. Lou;s of the future, and we hazard the conjecture that henceforward they will exercise a commanding political iuttnence, and wrr the lucre Is w tilth rake root and bourgeon so luxuriantly in free soil. The great political movements of our lime origiuate in the cities. The angry genius of the French Revolution first re vcaled hr?cif to the eyes of merchants and mechanics in the streets of Paris. The be nignant genius ol the American Revolution first appeared :u Bo-ton. The parliamentary reform, and free trade movements in Eng land, were born and uuitured in U rniing ham and JJinrhester; and whatever of Dem ocracy now exists in Europe is to be found among the merchants, manufacturers and artisans in the large cities, and when these classes combine it is worthy of remark that gentle reformation takes the place of vio lent revo'utitin. According to all the hiurs which govern the genesis of such things, St. Louis should be the cradle of the eman cipation movement in this State, and her delegation in the Legislature aes-Tted their courage and sagacity; as well ;s their pa triotism, in reccgnizing ai.d avowing the fact. We confess we are someivhal jealous of the position w hich the St. L mis Senators of the American party occupy, when we re member that Frost and Rodger were elect ed by the party with which we are identifi ed. It is ri ally too bad that the men who should be foremost :n expressing the free soil feeling of this city, are open and shame less advocates for the perpetutt'on and ex tension of slavery, ami the bitterness of the feeling is afirravatcd, when we remember by what asency they were empowered to assiil the interests, aud outrage the priii eiples of our citizens. Having spoken ol the St. L'uis delegation, it would be nn unpardonable omiision to but nothing of Senator Stephenson the only representa tive of a rountry constituency, who has de clared by speech- and vote for emancipation but in statin 2 the fact, we pronounce panegyric, which every reader will para- phraze for himself. A high authority lias said that be who can define accurately is to be regarded as moie t!:an human. Ave should willingly concede i'ie claim to any who could accu rately define the position of the "National Democrats" in iie General Assembly upon i.i- .- r : . : TV . 1 . . lue quesiion 01 ei.'ni.ipanuii. a urr i-irr.i ed an emancipations to a political oliice accompanied by the statement that not emancipation opinions, but opposition to Benton and Blair, was the genuiue lest. They subsequently proclaimed through their organ, the Lxadti , that emancipation was tolerated as a non-essential in their Sanhe drim. When Darnes effered his resolution agiinst emancipation, it was laid on the ta ble on motion of Capt.' in Reid, the leader of the National Democrats, and Darnes himself was laid under the table on another motion of the same individual, Darnes thus becoming the promartyr of slavery in this State. Those very National Democrats, who mado a holocaust of Darnes and his resolution, which fluttered like a banner in his hand; who proclaimed toleration fur emancipation, and who elected an euiancir pationUt in convention, now vote thatamaD cipation is "unwise," &.C. Vw will define the positiou of the National Democracy upon emancipation! We conless our inability to do it. They have kicked il higher and higher like a foot ball; agitating day after day while protest ing against agitation, just like the Pierce administration, professing obedience to the Baltimore platform, which declared against the agitation of the slavery question in or out or Congress, while it was engaged in! fomenting one of the most bitter slavery agitation which has yet occurred. To agitate the slavery question, and. at the same time to protest against its agitation, seems to be the two-edged sword ef the National Democracy, and as the strife progresses, llicy will Cud it a dangerous weapon. I to to & in it at to of do We can easily explain Can's resolution by the remarks with which he accompanied it. To seduce a alavebolding immigration to Missouri, and to erect a barrier against the free State immigration, was, we are convinced, on mature reflection, the pur pose contemplated; and a purpo-e more un just to Missouri, cr immierants from the free or slave States cculd not be entertain ed. Emigration should certainly be encour aged, but no partiality should be shown to those frm a particular section, and no false pretenses should be held out like that which promises the perpetuation of slavery in Missouri. Late Events in Washington Territory. tory. 1 hi reader is already advised that tiie ('resident of the United States on Tuesday 1 1st transmitted to the Senate a copy of the correspondence relating to the arrest of a Juge ol Washington Territory by Gover nor Stevens, whilst the Judge was holding his court, and the proclamation of martial !a-.v in that Territory. The correspondence is full of interest; but, as it was placed in the hands of the printer to be spe dily pr'n'- ed, we rre only able at present to publish the letter of Secretary Marcy to Governor S'.evens.contnining the President's cinphutic condemnation of the conduct of the Gov ernor. Tne letter is in the terse and clear style which characterizes all tlie produc tions of the Secretary of Stetc: DEPARTMENT OF STATE, WASHINGTON, SEPTEMBER 12, 1856. 11 is Excellency Isaac J. 8tevs, Governor of the Territory of Washimlan: Sir: I have laid before ti.o President a! I the documents aud papers which yuu have transmitted to this Department in explana-ti-ju of yuur cour.-e in declaring martial law in some pans of the Terri'ory of Washing ton. Alter a full considerdtio-i of tiie.u ne lias not been able to find in the casj vou have presented a justification for that ex treme measure. Whether, in any ci.cuin stan.es whatever, the Governor of a Ter ritory can resort to such a measure, unless under express authority given by legisla tion, is a ques;iou which it is not prupos?d now to discuss or decide. It is qnite cer tain that nothing but direful necessity, in volving the probable overthrow of the civil government, could be jalleged as any sort of excuse for superseding that government temporarily, and 6ubsti:uling in i;s place an arbitrary uiil'tury rule. The recognition of such an inherent power iu any function ary, whatever be his grade orposition.would be extremely da igerous to civil and poli ical libery. WhPe the President does not brin- into question the motives by which you we.re actuated, be is induced, by an impera tive sense of duty, to ex pre -s his distinct disapproval of your conduct, so far as re spects the. proclama'i in of martial law. Were the President able to adupt the con clusion thai martial law cou 'd in any case 0 established w.truul express legislative autnority, he could not find such a case in the state of things in Washington T r.itory as yuu uave piesen-ea mem. wue e re bellion pr a form djbie insurr.c.ion had in effect overthrow the. civil government, mar tial lav has been occusioi.al y resorted to as the only means left for its rc-cetablirh-ment. Martial law bas also been resorted to iu aid of the Government uhen in im minent danger of being overpowered by in ternal or external foes. In such cases the measure has been regarded as excusable; butitjncvtr cun be excusable n line" the objucljn resorting to martial law was to act against the existing Government of the country, or to supersede its functionaries iu the . discharge of their proper duties. The tailor -e.a c hare Been , Hie prinapaTt,3l,lot grounu you nau lor proclaiming mirtiul law. Yuur conduct in that respsct does not, there fore, meet wi'.h the favorable regard ul' the President. 1 am, sir, your obedient servact, W. L. MARCY. Geological Survey of Ohio. No recommendation of Gov. Chase in his Message, is of more interest aud iuiport- atice to our State than that of the Geologic al burvey of the State, it is now nearly twenty years since the first Survey was un dertaken, under the'direction of Prol. Moth er, assisted by our respected townsman, Dr. t. P. Ilildretb, and by Col. roster, of late political celebity in Mass., Dr Briggs, now of I ronton -.veil known to many ol our citi zens, Dr. Kirllaiid, 61 Cleveland, a Jisting ushed Naturalist, and Chas. Wbiltlesay, j q., b. 0. Surveyor. The work was just commenced wlict the appropriations for it were reiused by our Legislature. Duly a few counties were partial iy explored, but enough was revealed in regard to the sjil. buiiding-stoue, coal and iron to show that the S'ate contained vast resources of pros perity. Incomplete as was the arrested labors of the Survey, many sagacious men gathered hints from the reports; by which they pro fited largely iu a pecuniary point ol view. Thousands of dollars have been made iu the iron districts by the study of the Reports of raf. Mather anc his assistants. Tnese Reports were, however, necessarily very meagre, and their value to the Slate was oti'y as giving preliminary intimations of our vast resources. Since then much has been done by practical business men to de velop our biddeifweallh and with great suc cess, but nut without many costly blunders from which a thorough survey would have saved them. Il is said that some of our Kaihoads bare made great mistakes in their location, bv ignorant ly passing one side of rich mineral ideposits which would have been a source of revenue for ages, and thus greatly increased the value of Ihe Road. No engineer is fit kcate a Railroad without a pretty ac curate knowledge of the geological charact er 0 the region through- which his road is pass. We are happy to say that our M. C R. R. in iu location between us and Cincinnati shows 00 such b'uinlcr, Ji passes directly! hrough one of the richest regions for salt, coa! aud iron 10 be found the United Stales. Asido from these great and manifold ad vantages of a thorough survey of the State, is most desirable in a scientific point ul view. A, a late meeting of the American Association for the advancement of science, Albany, a Committee composed of Pro. Agassiz, of Cambridge. Prof. Henry of the Smithsonian Institute, Prof. Dana, of Yale College, and several other distinguished men of science, besides several as disting uished as civilians, were appointed to petition our present Legislature lor on appropriation the survey. We earnestly hope that the appropriation will he made, and men of true undoubted scientific merit appointed to is a the to ol ted take charge of the work. It would be of incalculable value to the material interests ol the State, and our Le gislature could "erect no nobler niLnumeiit itself than by voting such an appropria tion. We hear a unanimous totce in iu favor in this part of the State, and we trust that our Representatives will give an ex pression to the seutirucnl by voting iu favor the undertaking. The work need cost little money. One tenth part of what has been lost to the State by the 'frauds re cently exposed by bogus contracts, would tho work. well. Marietta Intelligencer. [From the N. Y. Times.] A Heroine Arrived—The Young Wife who took Neptune's Car around Cape. Horn. Njvemuer Among the passenger from Califor nia, who arrived by the steamer Georgt Late, on Saturday, there was an invalid who had to be borne from tha vessel to his hotel upon a litter. ! y his side, "superin tending every movement, was a young lady, of prepossessing person, but with a counte nance care-worn and anxious from long watching. Thr i .valid wa Cap!3i Joshua P. Pattnn, late of the ship Neptune'' t Car, of New York, and the lady was J rs, Mary A. l'.itton, his wife, both o(whom re turn home under circumstances of peculiar misfortune. Capi. Putton left New York for Sin Friocisco about the middle of AJ trust, 1S56, in command of the Xejdunei's Car, belonging to Messrs. Foster Nickcr son, of this city .carrying a ilh him his wife, who had previously accompaiiied him on two voyagis. bailing about the same time for S in Francisco were the M?8 Ro mance of ihe i'sar, and the Inter fid, both fast clipper. Cupt. Pultun, proud of bis ship, and Coiilidriit of her sailing qualities. declared his intention 'o beat the others, if possi iie, in r.'ai'liiiii their common port of destination, and made every exertion with in the b junds of prudence to insure a quick paasiire. They had not been long at sea,Tiowevcr, befur Lupt. 1 . discovered that he was not eustuiued by his first officer. This indiffer ence of the mate, which by degrees grew into eulleiiness and neglect of Bis. dutie, devolve i ex'ra cares and walchfullness upon ih: C'lptain, who by the time tyebip had readied uape uirn was worn cut wuu ia tii'uc and cares. I lie mate was lound on several occasions asleep in his Watch, with the shin under shortened sail, when the wind weather was most favorable for ma king the run. A repetition of these mis demeanors finally decided C: pt- Patton to put tb? mate olT duty, which was done about the time they doubled Capt. Horn. The increased difficulties which this urp'easant state of things occasioned, broug'it the Cap tain down with a fever about the time they passed the straits ol Li Maire. H-; strug gled against it for a week and'wa then compelled to quit the deck, not howeirer'with out hope that his confinement would be but temporary. As long as be possessed suffi cient strength he conferred wi'.h his wife as to the minagemcnt, and directed her, in case he was wholly disabled, to navigate the ship to San Francisco, giving the sec ond mate the orders how to steer. Despite the constant nursing of his wife, the disease triumphed, setlicd mto a congestion of the brain, producing delirium and blindness. Trui to her husband's directies the wife took uo the sextant, and daily, at meridian and at night, made the necesffvy observa tion, and, unassisted, kept the run of the ship, giving her ordeis as to tha coutse to be steered. At the same tints she consult ed all the medical auth jriliei at hind as to the treatment of her husbani' case, and ap plieJ h"rsi!f in every way to lesto e b e health. The mate, meantime, sojgLt to excite a mutiuv anions tne crew, and ccsireo to carry the ship iut.f Valparaiso, but in this he was foiled. Mrs, Patton assembled the sailors upon the quarter-deck and explained to them the helpless condition of her bus b-ind nt the same time to them to stand by her and second nnte. Tj this appeal each man responded by a promise to obey her in command, i be mate lost Ins pow?r .over the cre.v from that hour, and Mrs. P., with out a rival, directed every movement on board. The m-3a manifested tlseir sympthy by the jjreates: alajrity in obeying her or ders, as u ell as those ol the second mite who superintended the working of the ship until bIip arrived " n JTra ncyi(onlhi I hose who saw her en ter the harbor say no ves-el ever came into that port looking belter in every respect The Romance of the Sias had arrival ehrht dnys before her. i he case ol captain rattun and n s w:!e becoming known to the Masons, of which fra'.ern;ty he is a member ,temporary provis ion was made for them, and by their assis tance they have bs-ea forward to their friends oa boird the Ueorge Aiu. Tliey arrived he e to'a'lv destitute,-r d the situation of the devoted wile is rendered tha more trying by the near approach of ihe period of her con finement. The case having been brought to the at tention of the Board of Underwriters, the matter was yesterday referred to a Commit tee, whojreported in favor orpaying Mrs. P. $1,000 us a temporary relief. Her discre tion and heroism have saved a very large sum to insurers, which would have been l.'ol had the councils of the mate prevailed, and the ship been carried into Vulparaisa. It understood that some furtlievppropiutioo will be made for their relief, UDd that the owners of the ship, and the iwsfbhants of New York, propose to uke some lunher no tice of the case. '. The Captain i s still verv low, liis eye sight lost, his recovery by no means certain. Mrs. Pution is yet but 20 years of age, and has been married about 3 years. S ie4 is a native of Bos'on, a mighty pretty , woman, and a 'Hervine. The parties were accom panied to New York by Dr. Harris, of this city, who has had the treatment of Capt. P.'s case since his arrival in Sar Francisco. The Ox SrA.nsn Coiss. We learn that the ave.-aci; yield of worn Spanish coirs at the Mint of the United Stales, Philadelphia, as follows: Quarters. - - 23j cents. E ghte. - - - . 10 9-10 Sixteenths. - - 5 , The Treasurer of the Mint pays in the now issue of silver for amoui: g ;xceeding five dollars in value, immediately upon as certaining the weight of surih a are pre sented, at the rate of SI. 23$ per tioy ounce Philadelphia jnguirer'. Fokger Arrested. About one week igo, man claiming to bo from Philadelphia, ard named A. E. Everott, arrived in this city, bringing a letter of introduction , to Mavor Caldwello whom he was an en'irt.tranger. Snmc days ago he presented a check on the Bank, of Wiieeling,drawiiby Cole & Son, of Philade lphia, on Jnsia Lec & Co., and nc cepted by them for'O. Being stranger, officers of the Hunk refused to Cash the check, when he applied to Mayor Caldwell prove his identity. At this demand, tho Mayor make a re-exam nation of the letter introduction brought by Everett, and be came satisfied thai it was a forjory;. the! bank officers were also very doj'oiful ofthe genuine?s ofthe signatures, lie was accord ingly arrested and brouht beforo ICsq. Duiiy, and after examination, was commit fur n fufthcr hearing on Saturday morn ing. Wheeling Int. Acidity of the Stomach and Indigestion. tion. 03" -I cn e.-if any thing after taking ytfur Holland Hitters" is a lemark frequently made to us. To persons troubled with acidity of the stomach, Indig-'stinn. or any disorder ol the siomach, we wmild only say try it. Its world-wide reputation, has been established alone by the many wonderful cures it has effected. When used for Dyapepai , Jaun dice, JLiver complaint, weaknei-a of any kiid, Cnstiveneg-i and Piles, it should be taken in small doses s iy, hilf a teaspoonful. regularly three time a day, before meats. The Burdell Tragedy. The Burdell case has finally been dis posed of, so lac as the prelimicary inquiry before the Coroner is concerned. The ex amination, after continuing fourteen days, closed on Saturday last, and resulted in the finding sf the lollowing verdict: Aw IitQUisiTtos. Taken at the house of the late Doctor Harvey Burdell, No. 31, Bond street, in the Fifteenth Ward of the city of New York, in the county of New York, this 14th day of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven, before Edward I). Connery, of thee ty aid county aforesaid, on view of the body el the said Harvey Burdell, lying dead at 31, Bond street; aforesaid, and upon the oaths and affirmations of twelve good and lawful men of the State of NewYork. duly chosen and sworn or affirmed and chargeJ to enquire on behalf of said people how and in what manner the said Harvey Burdell came to his death, do, upon their oaths and affirmations, say that the said Hirv y Bur dell on the 30th day of January, at 31, Bond street, aforesaid, was feloniously murdered, and came to bis death by being stabbed in various parts of his body with a dagger r other sharp instrument; and the jurors be lieve from the evidence, and therefore find, ll-at Emma Augusta Cunningham and John J Eckel were principals iu the commission (f said murder; and the jurore aforesaid fur ther find that George Vail Snodgrass cither joined the said Emma Augusta Cunning ham and John J. Eckei in the commission of the said murder, or was accessory thereto before the fact, counselling, or abetting the said Emma Aogusta Cunningham and John J. Eckel to commit the said murder: and ihe jurors aforesaid further fina ttat Augusta Cunningham and Helen Cunningham, be : ig in the honne, 31, Bond stree'., a'oresaid, where the said murder was committed, have some knowledge of the facts connected with the said murder which they have concealed from 'he jury, and that it is the duty ol" the Coroner to hold them for the future action of thr Grand Jury. In witness whereof, we, the said jurors, as well as the Coroner, have to this inquisition set our hands and a.'als on the day and place aforesaid. This finding we think necessarily follow ed the evidence adduced, and we doubt not accords with the views of nine-tenths of those who have paid any attention to the case. In addition to the numerous fact proved as to the feeling of enmity enter tained by the accused against the deceased. their threats, his own expressed fears them even on the dav preceding the murder the general bad character of the principal parties implicated, the benefits to accrue to Mrs. Cunningham on Burde!l"s death by means' of foiged papers, a probable sham marling?, &.C., the sending of the servant girl to bed at ten o'clock, and the almost impossibility of the crime having been com nutted under such circumstances by a sin gle person or by others than the occupants f the house the most important evidence adduced was thit of Mr. Brooks, living di recuy opposite, who when about getting into biM in a room facing the street was startled by the cry of murder, fo'Iowed by sounds of a scuffle and fall; that of Mr. R iss, who ab.Mit the same time saw a man answering the description of Burdell enter the bouse in which the crime was perpetra teu; a:ter the lapse ot a moment or two hecrd a half suppressed cry of murder issue therefrom; that of Mr Strangham.v.ho was pass ng along the opposite side of the stree about the same hour, and heard a sharp st tied cry, like that of a person in agony mat 01 Mr. farrell, who claims to have ta ken a scat on the steps to adjust his shoe siring, while sittihg there a man answering to the description of Burdell passed by him into the house will-out saying anything. immediately after he heard the cry of miir- der, the scuflle and the fall, and directly after a 11IT11 in 11 is BUTrr sleeves (whom he alterwards recognized among a er.iwd o f persons as Eckel) opened the d.jnr and put ting out his head inquired what he was do ing there in such savage tones as to Iricjhten hun off; and that of a cutlery dealer on Broadway, whu teitified to having sold Snod grass a danger the dav preceding the mur der, the fellow to which was produced and the wounds on deceased were such as would have been produced with just such an strumeut. The extent of the excitement :n New York was great beyond precedent.. The IrUiune says "We believe that not less than one hun dred and fifty columns of the Tribune have been devoted to the evidence and comments, thereon an amount of space which could not have been occupied by any other matter so satisfactorily ta our readers. In fact, for me past lorinigni mis mvstenous murder his preoccupied the public mind, to the ex clusion of almost every other topic. VV e arc especially reminded of this fact by noticing Ihft careless manner in which the news of the disastrous freshet around us involving the destruction of property to the amount of mi 'lions of dollars has been re ceived in this city; the public heart being so interpret-ted with the sombre ferocities of the murder that it had no room (or the entertainment of any other calamity." The ir.aiter has gone before the Grand lury for their action, and the Public, Ad ministrator has taken charge of the Effects real and personal, of the deceased. D la- ware Gazette. American Hostilities in China The Navy Department has received, des patches from our naval commander in the China seas rendering an account of the re cent bel'igerent operations at Canton. The Department bas pub'ished the annexed gen eral order of Commodore Armstrong, re ferring to his actions with the Chinese forces, and civing a list of the losses on our side. We have nothing in addition to the newrpaprr srecunts in relation to the orlia of the qa rre!: GENERAL ORDER. To the commanders, officers, seamen, and marines of the U. S. ships Portsmouth, San Jacinto, and Levant. in the midst of pence you have been call ed upon to redress an assault upon the fl;i of your country. Tho nece.-sity of such a step is much to be regretted by us all.tliiiii'-li the manner 111 which Jyour stem duty lis been performed is so honorable to your selves. I should omit an act of justice to you, to those who have bravely fallen in the per formance of their duty, and to the service to which you beion?, if I hesitated to make this official acknowledgment of the laithful and honorable manner in -which all huve dune their part. ' The embarrassment has been to check tha earnest seal with which both officers and men have sought to place themselves in a most during and hazard ms positions, and kei-p them at any duty, however neces sary, which did nut bring them in contact wilh ihe enemy. Among the satisfactory results of the con flict in which yuu have been erigaged is the proof it presents ol the intelligent subor dination so generally exhibited in this emer gency, and als-i of the magraniinity which has enabled you, under aggravating acts, to respect the right ol the people whose au thorities had forced you into hostility; and this is the highest hunur ta the flag you re present. Your best reward is the consciousness of hiving well done your duty; but I should fail in mine unless, in this public manner, 1 conveyed to you my earnest thanks, with the hope that you will receivers you bave merited, the honor of your country's appro bation. Given under my band on board of the U. 8. flag ship San Jacinto, at Whampoa. China cn this 6th day of Dec. 2856. JAS. ARMSTRONG, Commander in-chief of U. S. naval forces in the East Indies and Chinese Seas. Congressional. WASHINGTON, Feb, 18. Senate. Mr. Wilson introduced a bill to procure a marble bust of the late Chief Jus tice of the Supreme Court of the United States, Wm. Gushing, of Massachusetts. The bills dividing Missouri and Texas each into two Judicial Districts were past ed. Adjourned. Houss. Mr. Campbell, of Ohio, reported b ick from the Committee on Wavs and Means the Senate Submarine Telegraph Uill with amendment, namely " 1 hat cit zeus ofthe United States shtll have .1 right to use the line for all the time, instead 60 years, "recognizing the equality of their rights to Us use, and of the lines which any time may connect wilh its termin i New Foundland: provided it shall be in th power of Congress, after ten years, to ter minate the contract on one years' notice Ineffectual efforts were made to table the bill, which passed amer.ded as above. Yeas 102:"naysSl. . The amendment requires the concurrence of the Senate. The House then went inio committee the Whole on the Tariff bill. Mr. Campbell, of Ohio, presented a bi and explained that he reported by the Com nnttee or Wavs and Means at the last ses sion, and proposed to modify it by adJin various articles to the free list, leaving the item of wool with the proviso that all of th value of 15 cents or less, and 50 cents over at the port of importation, shall be duty free, leaving the intermediate kind with the present d ity of 30 per cent. Lead, hemp iron and sugar remain as they are. Tb bill would reduce the revenue six millions directly, and probably from four to six mi lions indirectly by the facilities it would give the manufacturing interests ofthe coun try. This, after debate, and offering other res olu'ions ar a substitute, was agreed to as substitute for Mr. Wilson's bill, which con teinplated a reduction on all'of the pre-ent schededulus. The former is still open to a mendment. The Committee then rose, the House con curred in the Senate's amendments to the coinage bill making it lawful for two years to pay out at the mint the new cents author ized to be coined to the fractional parts Spanish and Mexican dollars. House then adjonrned. WASHINGTON, Feb, 18. WASHINGTON, February 20, 1857. Sexate Mr. Pugh introduced a bi'l pre scribing the time and manner of electing Senators to Congress, and the form of thai credentials. Mr. Trumbull presented ndditional papers relative to the so-called joint-Conventi n o Indiana, in whu h iiright and r itch were elected Senators. Ihe I rivate calendar was then taKen un The Sen ite passed lorty-five bills, includ ing one paying to i.-Cicers tr.d seamen the expedition in search of Dr. Ivnie, th simo ra-e of pny which was allowed to th expedition under L'eutennnt De Haven. Mr. Wnghi presented the credentials of Mr Thompson, re-elected Senator from New Jersey. Mr. Gwynn introduced the Pacific Rjilroa bill. Adjourned. House. Mr.Clingman fuggestedthat any member named in the resolution of the se lect committee sha'l have leave to file an an swertothe statements concerning him, I be printed with the other papers. Thi seemed righi and proper. Mr. D jvis of Mary land, thought thct wr.nld be irregular. They had nothing todowi: the reports, lut could reply to the resolu tions on which they have the privilege to be heard in person cr by counsel. Mr. Clingman's motion was agreed to. The speaker laid before the House the agricultural part of the report of Conimis- siol er of Patents. J be Home then went into a committee on the tariff bill. During the proceedings Mr. Orr said that Congress should pass an even bill ofthe majority of the committee of Ways nnd Means rather than r.one at all, and on his motion the committee rose, thus relieving itself of the many pending amendments, sjllr. uampoeti, ot Uhio, submitted an original bill, the same, with several sligli alteration!1, as Ihe last one reported from committee on Ways and Means, and ex pressed his views on the subject. Mr. Letcher's substitute, proposin; general reduction of 50 per cent, on the present tariff", was rejected 74 against 112 Mr. Campbell's bill passed, 110 sgainst 84. J he rost Uthee appropna'ion bill a taken up. Mr. Suntop said the tariff bill was passed by trickery and fraud, by autside influence and a combination of those favoring the protection of Hemp, Sugar. Iron, ana Ma- sathusetts Wool n goods. This was done amidst his protest, the measure striking a blow at the wool growers. jlr. Campbell, ol Uhio, regretted the re marks of his colleague, and marked his in sinutions as baselv and calumnious, both as to himself and his rolle.-igue, on the Com mittce on Ways and Means, the bill just passed was predicated on the principle re commended by '.he Secretary of the Treas ury. Mr. Carlisle made a speech in tnvor o! iquaiizin the grants of land among the several States ot the Union. After further debate the House adjourned Stjetlixs Occtrrekce. At a church 11 in adioing county, a S..nday or two since, just 1 s the congregation wire about to kneel down to prayer, a ladv, '.in a tine of horror, raided the cry of B-n-a k el- Great excitement prevailed, and there was mighty rush frjm the dangerous locality. At length a gentleman advanccn to the SDot. irazed a moment on the coiled mon ster, aud, pouncing upon it, held up to ihe view ofthe startled crowd a whalebone hoop. which bud wiggled ivSff upon the floor. This is a tact, and ought to admonish the dies of the danger of not securing well the snake-like circles v hicn encompsssjtheir lower extremities. Clar!.sville (Tennesser) Chrunic'e Steuben vt lle &. Indiana Rails ad. The commit tcef appointed in the City of Philadelphia, some months ago to procure subscriptions for the Steubenville and In diana Ruilroad, have been actively engaged. The object of the subscription is, to pro vide the road with rolling t ck and motive power. The Committee made a report to a meeting of c ilizen of that place, on Mon day last, in which they state that they have secured subscription to the amount of $185,090, which they resolved to further in crease to $i50,U0O, immediately. A final report, the Committee expect to make as early as the 55th inst. This is encouraging. Slewenvule lltrald. at WASHINGTON, Feb, 18. WASHINGTON, February 20, 1857. The Trial of the Assassin of the Archbishop. The trial of Verges, the assassin of the Archbishop, presented a most extraordinary scene. The prisoner behaves with the ut most violence, interrupting the witnesses, denouncing them as liars and scoundrels, and appealing to the spectator for sympa thy and protection. At last, the prisoner became more violent than ever. He de clared that only garbled letters were read agtrnst him, and loudly demanded that every thing should be read. He sat down and rose up repeatedly with furious gestures, and called the cure "Miserable ! mis Table !" The Pres dent Prisoner, by virtue of my discn t onary power, I shall send you out of court, and proceed wilh the trial in vour ab sence. The Prisoner La parole ou la guillotine I am not afraid of nothing. I will brave death as I have this tribunal. You are a set of wretches. I fear God alone The President ordered the gendarme to take the prisoner away. He resisted, and cried, ' Help, people: people defeod me!" A cry here arose from the a jdience, "No, no ; you are an assassin ; an assassin," and the prisoner was dragged away from the bar amidst a scene such as was probably never before witnessed in a court of justice. The cuurt then adjourned for a short time. No person ever rem -mbers an instance of a prisoner on trial for his life, having s misconducted himselfthal the judge was tor ced to take the extreme course of proceed ing to condemn him in his absence. Such, however, it was thought, would be the case with the assassin t the Archbishop of Pari, hut on the Judges resuming their seat, he wasbrouglit back to the bar by the gendar mes and appeared somewhat calmer. The trial again proceeded, and '.be evi dence being completed, notwithstanding the frequent interruptions of the prisoner, and the Procureur-General was about to com mence hi speech for ihe prosecution, but appeared overpowered by hi emotions. The prisoner here exclaimed, "You trem ble sir. you tremble, finding yourself opposed to such an adversary as I am. Yes, I am your adversary in everything. You shall not speak.. Yon bave prevented me from specking.'and I will prevent you." After vain attempt to make the prisoner conduct himself decently, the" court, on the motion of the Procureur-General, pronounced a de cree reciting that the prisoner had by inces sant clumors and insults obstructed the course of justice, and ordering that, by virtue of the law ol September, 25, 1S3S, he should be removed from the court the trial proceed ing in his absence. The speech of the Procureur-General be ing closed, the President summed up, and the jury rendered a verdict of guilty. Sen tence of death was then pronounced, the prisoner being still absent. OrThe population of Montreal, C. E- has increased 5000 since 1855. 05The consumers of sugar paid 6,- 780,000 duties on sugar last year. f5Nev York has furnished Wisconsin with 300,000 of its inhabitants. Small Spue. The lecofoc is of the Illi nois Legis'a'ure hnve refuse ! to "order the printing of Gov. Bissel's Message. NEW YORK, Feb'y. 18. The steamer Africa sailed at noo:i to d iy, taking out 6200,000 in speije. CINCINNATI, Feb. 18. The official returns giv M . 3l:u.h 3 in jonty. He b is a cerfhcite of his e! tion WASHINGTON, Feb'y. 18. The Union of thi morning coitainJ th President's proclamation e tiling the Sen ite together on the 4th of March. HARTFORD, CT., Feb. 10. ThJ Democratic State Convention of Con necticut to-day re-ncmina'ed Samuel Ing ham for Govprnor, by a unanimous vota Orlt is 'estimated thit the number o' persons afllicted with insanity in 'he United States, reaches at prosent 25,000. fr5The Keokuk, (l3wa) Paf says th not less than sixty peion have been froz to de'th in that State and Minnessota, dur ing the lite cold snap. fJ7"The Congressional Investigating Com miitee. it is said will report in favor of the expulsion of three members of thsi body for corrupt practices. fc5"On Sunday afternoon, M-s Susa G'lnder, wife of J:-hn Gunder of Mnhonin county, committed su:cide. by cutting her throat with a shoe knife. ftrrThe Honse of Kepresenative on Thursdav, finally oassed ihe resolution relative to thS improvement ofthe Ohio.by votej of yeas 57, nays S3. ( fj2rThe dwelling of Mrs. Connelly, in New London, O., was binned on 'he evenin of the 8th inst., and one of Mrs. C.'s children was burned in the dwelling. Ir appears from a communication in the Cincinnati papers the Slough was once ex polled from an Odd Fellows' lodge in that city f,ir tlie same offence for which Legislaure gave him leave of absence. the frt-The Dffianct Republican is 'the till of a new paper just started at Defiance Ohio, by J. I). Baker, Ksq,at5l per year We fenr Bro. Baker will not be able to pay expenses at that rate, though are wish him every success. ft5-Frederirk Bauer, teacher of a Uomm Catholic School at Cleveland, vh;, it will be recollected, lately chastised a little girl so severely that she died from the effect. was tried on Tuesday, and found guilty e assault and battery. A New Telegraph. borne wicked ras cal suggests a new kind of telegraph, name ly, to place a line of women at the distance of filty paces from each otbcr.and commit to the first the news to be transmitted, a profound secret. Iti-l thought that there would be greater dispatch secured by such a plan than by any other. OyJamcs atson was indicated on Wednesd.iv last in the t'ourt ol tteneral ssion at New York for assaulting, on the 3 I of January last, Fernando Casfang and steulii-g a w atch from him, valued at 830 Verdict, guilty: sentence, State prison lor eu years and three months. NEW JERSEY SENATOR. to TrextoN. Ft b. 19. J 'hn "R Thomson wns to dav'reelerted United States Senator. The tote stood : Thomson, 50'; Randolph, American.) 20; .(Republican.) 6. Washington, Feb. 18. by The investigating committee was prevent ed from reporting to-day in consequence ol the arrival of other witnesses and their ex- mination. They are to have a meeting to- ght finally ta arrange for presenting their report to-morrow. New York Sfbatkr. The vote in the New York Legislature for Preston King as Senator was as follow: lloues. King. Rep., 77; Sii'klea, Dem.. 33; Deadly, K 6: absent or not voliag Senate. Preston King, 19; Sickcls, I; Joel T. Deadly, 9. frT-Th BostoiijTVn.'cr. I learns by a pri vate letter, that George Cara'enssen, archi tect ol the Crystal Palace, New York, die tVpenlmgen on the 4.h of January. H commenced the . publication of a Sunday newtpaper.at Copenhagen, and died th same daythat the first number was issued. Hi Hi of The Manufacture of Iron in the United States. Nine hundred thousand 'tons of iron wera made by the iron furnaces of the United States last year. Who can estimate tb importance of this fact to any correct conception of American life, its deveIopment.it strength and beauty t Twenty thousand families of a hundred thousand souls, were clustered around those furnaces literally feeding on iron and oc cupying itself with mnrely the first process of the iron manufacture. For we must re member that melting the ore into pig iron is but the first act of the d ama; then fol low three or four more. The furnace world is but one world, a sort of antidiluianage, an age of imn, where everything is rude, earthy, primitive and just stepping forth from chaos. Thn follows the forge world and then the rolling mill world. That, re presents the middle ages, full of blood and thunder Thor worsh ioing, foil of hammers and maces. Thip, moderc times, fall of strong persuasion and nice measurement; the nineteenth century of finish and the last attainments of science and art the stern engine, the iron ship, the railroad and the telegraph. The furnaces stand back ia the wooded mountain gorges. The forges are in village and small towns cbeifly, and the great rolling mills in cities, or on great rivers and populous thoroughfares. To the twenty thousand families of char coal 'burners, quarrymen, teamsters and furnace hand about the furnaces, we must add the anthracite and soft coal misers sv far as they would be exclusively engaged in providing the furnaces with million of ton of mineral fuel which they use; and there would be at least three thousand families. Then there are many boatmen eontinaally" occupied in bringing ore and coal,"and tak--ing away iron. The foundry world ia also populous with? inhabitant of it ovd, as numerous as th furnace population, from which it is so separate, and yet on which it so entirely de pend. For all through one or more of the subsequent processes of re-melting and casting, or of refining, puddling, piling, and re-heating; rolling and cutting, swedging, planing, and using. '.Two hundred thousand tons of it were run into the foundry mould last year; mould large and small, moulds for pots. and rail ..hairs and Yankee knick nacks, as well as moulds for engine bed plates, thirty feet long, sod government ord nance.weighing twenty six thousand pounds a piece. The forges worked up the remain der four hundred thousand tons and there by supported another population. Attached to these, a a later and larger grow th branches which have outgrown th parent stock the Rolling mills were busy with a still larger population yet, drawing out the perfected metal, fresh from the anvil and the crusher, into threads and rods,p!atea and rails of every 23 and shape, from the Inest wire to an eighty pound to the yard; twenty-six feet rail. Last year, one hun dred and fi ty thousand, of the four hundred thousand to a just mentioned, went into railroad bars; the test made merchant iron, bar and boiler plate. Forty thousand tons of rod iron was made up into spike and nails in Pennsylvania alone. To do all this required, directly or indirectly, so far as bar iron was alone concerned, twelve hundred hands f ir each tea thousand ton; or. fifty thousand hand or lam i lies. The whole iron miking population of the country then, in iy be set down at one huudred thousand laiuiiirs, or half a million uf sou's. Largo as thi sum sou.ids, it by no mean adequate ly repre-ents Vie interest which the whol u.ti m bus in iron manufacture; fur, around ail ihe six or seven hundred furnaces and. iiiuotiierjblj iwrgs. fouudrie aud mill ot the United S-au-s, st arms a nebulous, in determinable, outside, scroiparasitic papula tion ol family mecbtnics, shopkeeper, re tired men of sinail iudepr nd.-nt mean-, and agricultural providers, every on of whom h is an interest positive and well understood and more or less dimct in the neighboring work. Further thun thi we cannot follow the Iron Mmuf icture in it processes, and still regaid it as i district branch uf national ac tivity. From this poiut onward it ceases to be a manufacture and becomes an en ergy, permejiing and reio.'orcjeg all other uuuuiacturei a ualural force, energizing our physieial lite, &s the red globule in the blood of th? body determine by their number and movements il baltti and power. Since we can neither hivn needles or anchors without iron ran neither sit, nor eat, nor -print, nor travel by land or sea, nut to anj. . purpose, live, indeed, at ail without it aa in fact, our advjnoeiueot as a people, i du ; to tlie. handling of iron, andmust.be con ticved to be measured by the amount, we handle there can be no question of the policy of fostering by every proper means in our power, the manulactureamoug Os. The more our furnace increase in size and num ber, the more numerous will become our foundries, iorge and rolling mills; our nail factories and iffachine shop; for we use up ail our native iron and go to Europe . e ry year for more. Last year we bought 364, 675 ton abroad. With infinite resources of ore and fuel, water power and steam, and score of stacks idle or going to rain, we paid last year tha . population of foreign countries to the number of thirty-five thou sand families for making, working and toll ing iron for us abroad which we could have made, and wrought, and rolled in our own mountains, on our own riversr enhancing the value of our own acre, increasing the energy and intelligence of our otd people and developing resource still covered up by iur toresls or lying unimproved- under ihe prairie of the West. Bui we prefer to let our legisU'ors tinker every year at the foundations ot this immense interest, until it wail crack ooen, and those whose all is involved in it fly from K in terror, while other, ith capital to spare, -who would gladly invest iu it, a s audk-paJsivzed, not knowing Iroai year ta year what ia to haps peu next. We prater 10 support not the, honest working iron men abroad but their aristocratic masters and despotic govern ments, merely to please unscrupulous bro kers aud foreign agent, who assuit oar Coores-iinen shamelessly, ita omnipotent temptations, and debauch th worl- ot our Representatives, to guin fi aad n per. ceut, commissions to themselves. Wear glad to sl Pennyvania, at all event, alive, the evil, which to her will be falul if not cured -11J cured soon. P.-.ibab:k Pecvae or Da. Kase. Adis. patch was received in the city thi more ing I. Griniiail.Esq . conveying the sad in telligence that our dUtin uished country man, Dr. Kane, hn pr bbly departed this life. The dispatch comes via. Mobile, having " been received there.a i supposed, by the steamship Quaker Ci:y. It is as follow: HAVANA, Feb. 13. r. Kane i still alive, but can't last through the day. Hi mtnd keep right. has just lett 'his Irlend and bid his countrymen tarewell. WM. MORTON. Mr. Morton has been Dr. Kane's faithful servant and steward for the last seven years. nd accompanied him iwiee to the Arctic regions. Dr. Kane i thirty-four years ag. disease is of a scrofulous naturi, ariaiog from ourvey and exposuredurinj" hi nor thern exploration! .V. Y. Jour. Com, Monday.