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Belmont chronicle. [volume] (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 1855-1973, February 26, 1857, Image 2

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tlntunt (0nitfL
- Eerl Hostility to every' forai oftjrr
unr orer the taiad of Man."
Thareday Jionrirjg, Ftb. 20, 1857.
The Smelling Committee Again.
We have just received the Report of the
. Investigating Committee on Public Build
ings add lnstiulons, which is worth a re-
" tlcw ty every one. Itconsists of n ix-!
arr.inaticn of the contract fur building or j
' jproing, ansypi 1.. ing the provb-icm of,
the Ohio Penitentiary, the State House,
and the Newburg and Daytiin Lunatic Asy
lums, We have in. t lime fur a lengthy re
uew ol particulars, ana wui o: ly give a
of the Report is laid down bv the'
i'- Committee.
f -Ori the Ohio Penitentiary tlwre is a de
4 felcalijn of - - - -.
, Due n Books ....
Orercha'ge on I o.'ieian -
raid Wil.iam Trt.rt -
85,is8 sr.
l'3 00
fraud on Corn Couiracl - 3u3 U)
Upon the New Stale House there are
Intbi LrpriKliiurcs of - f lOb.Ono
rrMids and Overcharges - 4.
' . fn building the Newburg Asy"um there
were
I've k Esjwneca of
fraud and Uvcrcbarg
fr5.'0 CO
M ,b SO
fn the D.. Ion Av!um there were
- Useless Expense to lha amount ol - jri.SCO P0
Fraud and Overcuargta ... b.-iw li.'
Adding aB together, it gitcs a grand to-
' Ul of 279,383 77. Add to this the frauds
on the Public Works, and we hse over
, . half a million of dollars fur which the State i '
t . . is responsible, aud which is drawn from the
pockets of the tax payers.
11 is not mucu wonaer mai our p-opir
groan under the burden of their t;.. a," l.eu
so much of the public funds have Lei 11 tui
bexzJed, when we bare been er riiiug men
' In this wholsale manner that ri ver tamed
. what they bave received. A? an ixaiopie
of lie whole let as cons 'der a few items.
Viral I1UC6 f LK .i-a kill fn I ... :. k :
. aiwi, 1 n t.i a u ill I VI nil IIIBII H
heating apparatus to the New kState House
gave a profit of $16 000. Tnis, above actual
expense, and for labor done within one
i
1
:
i
year, is making money on what we wuul)
call the "last line."
a : r . : : . 1 i -1 1
- ' flHUUiC) IICU1 HUI LUJT Ul IS IIIC Ulll
i ' of William Tbevitt for medical attend
- anceat:be Hospital of $193 60. At the
""'date of this charge he was acting Secretary
of Stale, and receiving pay for the Fame.
lie alss was in private practice as a physi-
day seem to have been spent in the service
pi the Hospital of Penitentiary, at ?3;00
per day, without any detraction from servi
ces reacered to State; and all this at a time
when this same Ilorpital had a salaried
Physician. We could mention numerous
. inaUnres of a similar character, but con
sider this enough. The people, who have
suffered from these wrongs, are the bet
" : I r ai 1 1 l i-
juiigtra 01 mem, any 10 luc peupio wc vuu
mil them, knowing that when such are
brought before the tribunal of the people
. l.- k :. u . 1: . . 1. :
deserts; and, though the past may not be
juuj ivcneu, jei ine perpetrators 01 me
past offences shall Tarry their "mark," red
. receive no more favors through the ballot-
Kny. . .
(rA bill bas passed both Houses of
Congress authorizing the people of Minnc.
eota to form a Constitution aad State Gov
ernment of their own.
C7ne Ciucinnati election has resulted
in majority-in favor of Hosea, the inde
pendent candidate. Slough was first de
clared elected, and received his certificate
and started for. Columbus, when it appeared
the judges of two wards discovered a slight
' mistake in their count that turned the re.
nil in favor of Hosea, who with this news
started for Columbus also. By mutuai agree
ment Hose, will not present bis evidence
of election until Slgcgh returns to Ciu
cinnati and examines for himself the dis-
, puted records, and if he finds Hosea's
statement curved he will send hi certilcalc
to him and. not claim his seat.
. P. S. The following from the State Jour
na which came ts hand last night set t'es
t!e matter:
The Last of the Slough Gase.
Sir. Hosea, the member elect from Ilitm
' il'.on county, presented himself this morn
ing in the House to take hi seat. Mr.
Slough, his competitor, to whom the cer
tificate had been given, sent the same to
(be 'Speaker with an accompanying note,
withdrawing all claims to the seat. The
t aptri were referred to the committee on
flections and Privilages, who will
lew repjrt this a'ternoon, and Mr.
trill lis sworn in and take his scat.
doubt-
Hosea
OTToe following bill has passed tie
lover, boyss of Congress by a vote of ninety
eiglit to sevecty-nlne. Those voting for
the bill are all from the Northern Sla'.es.
It remains for the Senate to decide upon its
A BILL,
For the relief the people of Kansas.
Whereat, the President of the Lnited
States transmitted to the House, by
Uica. i
sage, a printed pamphlet purporting to be
the laws of tlie Territory of Kaneas, passed
at Shawnee Mission, iu said Territory; and
whereat unjust and unwarranted test-oaths
are prescribed by said laws as a qtialifica
1 tion for voting or holding office in said Ter
ritory; and tchereas the Committee of In
vestigation sent by the House of Represen
tatives to Kansai report that sud Legisla
ture ws not elected by the legal voters of
Kansas, but was forced upon them by non
residents, in violation of the organic act of
the Territory, nd, having thus usurped leg
islative power, it en'Clcd cruel and oppres
sive laws. Therefore,
Be it enae'ed. eye., That all rules and reg
ulations purporting to bo laws,' or in the
form of law, adopted at Shawnee Mifsiou,
in the Territory of Kansas, by a body o'
men claiming to be the legislative assembly
of said Territory, and all acts and proceed
ings whatsoever of said assembly , are hereby
declared invalid and of no binding force or
effect.
Stc. 8. And be it further enacted, That
the Governor of said Territory shall, as soon
as practicable, by public proclamation fix
' tiic time and places for an election of mem
bers of the Legislative Assembly, appoint
in tech district three competent persons to
superintend the election therein, under such
rules and regulations as he shall direct, and
shall prescribe the taode and manner for the
return thereof.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, Tha.
any person offering to vote at said election
whose vote shall be challenged shall, in ad
djlion to the qualifications for voting S-cd
,000 ol partniiiating m, disturbing, con
suuiir.arv troLiug. it voting nt any elertion held, or
in the act of Congress organizing the Ter
ritory, prove by bis own oath that be is a
bona fide settler of said Territory, and by
the oath of at least two legal voters that he
is, end has been for one month immediately
preceding, an actual resident o! said Terri
tory, and for fifteen days a resident of the
election district where he offer to vote.
Sec. 4. And be it farther enacted. That
if any pi riin, !U t being a.) actual inhabi
tant or resident o! the said Territory, shall
cat bis vole at any election which may be
he'd in ihe si J Territory by authority of
.a-v, such prison so offending t-ha'l.on con
viction ;!iere;f in any criminal court, be
punished by fine, not Irs; than twenty do!-
!srs nor more than ce hundred dollars, and
imprison met not l'f-E than tvo nium!
nor more thas six month.
That if any person or persona sholl mmc
into any election d. strict of n.-tid Territory
in arni"d and r;niz'-il bodies fur tin ni;r-
to be lu-l iiiidor ;he anthuriiy of law there
in, such per.-, m-rporsi in to offend ngslis I.
oa conviction thereof in any crimiual cour
be punished by a fine of m.t Iff 3 than $100
nul i"an .;ij-j, tnu iinprionmeiii
fur a term no- Ices than three mui.tlis tuu
nut excredinj one year.
Six. 5. And be it fu.ilh.-r eiincUd, Th'it
if any person hc:n a member of tiiy sixh
orn.cd mi organized body as dercribed iu
the preceding g'-clion, ur connected there
with, and a non-resident of the raid Terri
tory, shall vit at ny election which may
be held In the aij Terrritory by authority
of l.iw, I e shall, on conviction thereof, be
pupihed by a fine of not less than one hun
dred dollar and not exceeding five hundred
dollar, and imprisonment fur a term of r.o
h ts th in six luonths and not more than two
vears.
Sec. 6. And be it farther enacted, That
any jiid;e of t lfction who rhal wilfully and
knowingly n'low any vote ti be polled in
violation ol the fuurth and fifth sections of
this act, shall, on coiivic'.ion thrresf, be
punished by a line of not less than fi'ty dol
lars r.or more than thrse hundred dollars,
and impriMjnnicnt for term of nit less
ban six ni'Hith nor more than one year
That all olTVnces under tnis act may be
prosecuted by indictment in any criminal
court having jurisdiction of felonies or niis-
dtmeauor committed in aid Territory.
All laws, rule, or regulations inconsist
ent w ith the provisions ol this act are bcrc
by declared null and void.
The Emancipation Question in Missouri.
- touri.
[From the Missouri Democrat.]
declaring the emancipa-
tijn movement "inexpedient, impolitic, un
wise, and unjust," has parsed the House of
Representatives, and must now be accepted
a the accredited opinion .of the General
Assembly of Missouri. In the Senate four
members voted against it, Messrs. Blow,
Rannels, Holmes and Stevenson, and
the House twelve voted against it, nil of
whom belong to the St. Louis delegation
Three of the four Senators who had the sa
gacity and pluck to record iheir votes in the
negative are also from St. Louis, and, to
getber with the delegation in the other
branch, represent a constituency of a hun
dred and forty thousand freemen, fur it will
nut be pretended that Frost and Rogers rep
resented their ronKtit icnts on this occasion
any more than on previous occasions. The
Representatives and Senators from St.
Louis bave acted nnnfully aud well, and
with fidelity to the popular sentiment of
this city aud with a prescience of comi.-ijr
eve its. These men are true to the St.
Louis of the present, but still more true, il
possible, to the St. Lou;s of the future, and
we hazard the conjecture that henceforward
they will exercise a commanding political
iuttnence, and wrr the lucre Is w tilth rake
root and bourgeon so luxuriantly in free
soil. The great political movements of our
lime origiuate in the cities. The angry
genius of the French Revolution first re
vcaled hr?cif to the eyes of merchants and
mechanics in the streets of Paris. The be
nignant genius ol the American Revolution
first appeared :u Bo-ton. The parliamentary
reform, and free trade movements in Eng
land, were born and uuitured in U rniing
ham and JJinrhester; and whatever of Dem
ocracy now exists in Europe is to be found
among the merchants, manufacturers and
artisans in the large cities, and when these
classes combine it is worthy of remark that
gentle reformation takes the place of vio
lent revo'utitin. According to all the hiurs
which govern the genesis of such things,
St. Louis should be the cradle of the eman
cipation movement in this State, and her
delegation in the Legislature aes-Tted their
courage and sagacity; as well ;s their pa
triotism, in reccgnizing ai.d avowing the
fact.
We confess we are someivhal jealous of
the position w hich the St. L mis Senators
of the American party occupy, when we re
member that Frost and Rodger were elect
ed by the party with which we are identifi
ed. It is ri ally too bad that the men who
should be foremost :n expressing the free
soil feeling of this city, are open and shame
less advocates for the perpetutt'on and ex
tension of slavery, ami the bitterness of the
feeling is afirravatcd, when we remember
by what asency they were empowered to
assiil the interests, aud outrage the priii
eiples of our citizens. Having spoken ol
the St. L'uis delegation, it would be nn
unpardonable omiision to but nothing of
Senator Stephenson the only representa
tive of a rountry constituency, who has de
clared by speech- and vote for emancipation
but in statin 2 the fact, we pronounce
panegyric, which every reader will para-
phraze for himself.
A high authority lias said that be who
can define accurately is to be regarded as
moie t!:an human. Ave should willingly
concede i'ie claim to any who could accu
rately define the position of the "National
Democrats" in iie General Assembly upon
i.i- .- r : . : TV . 1 . .
lue quesiion 01 ei.'ni.ipanuii. a urr i-irr.i
ed an emancipations to a political oliice
accompanied by the statement that not
emancipation opinions, but opposition to
Benton and Blair, was the genuiue lest.
They subsequently proclaimed through their
organ, the Lxadti , that emancipation was
tolerated as a non-essential in their Sanhe
drim. When Darnes effered his resolution
agiinst emancipation, it was laid on the ta
ble on motion of Capt.' in Reid, the leader
of the National Democrats, and Darnes
himself was laid under the table on another
motion of the same individual, Darnes thus
becoming the promartyr of slavery in this
State. Those very National Democrats,
who mado a holocaust of Darnes and his
resolution, which fluttered like a banner in
his hand; who proclaimed toleration fur
emancipation, and who elected an euiancir
pationUt in convention, now vote thatamaD
cipation is "unwise," &.C. Vw will define
the positiou of the National Democracy
upon emancipation!
We conless our inability to do it. They
have kicked il higher and higher like a foot
ball; agitating day after day while protest
ing against agitation, just like the Pierce
administration, professing obedience to the
Baltimore platform, which declared against
the agitation of the slavery question in or
out or Congress, while it was engaged in!
fomenting one of the most bitter slavery
agitation which has yet occurred. To
agitate the slavery question, and. at the same
time to protest against its agitation, seems
to be the two-edged sword ef the National
Democracy, and as the strife progresses,
llicy will Cud it a dangerous weapon.
I
to
to
&
in
it
at
to
of
do
We can easily explain Can's resolution
by the remarks with which he accompanied
it. To seduce a alavebolding immigration
to Missouri, and to erect a barrier against
the free State immigration, was, we are
convinced, on mature reflection, the pur
pose contemplated; and a purpo-e more un
just to Missouri, cr immierants from the
free or slave States cculd not be entertain
ed. Emigration should certainly be encour
aged, but no partiality should be shown to
those frm a particular section, and no false
pretenses should be held out like that which
promises the perpetuation of slavery in
Missouri.
Late Events in Washington Territory.
tory.
1 hi reader is already advised that tiie
('resident of the United States on Tuesday
1 1st transmitted to the Senate a copy of the
correspondence relating to the arrest of a
Juge ol Washington Territory by Gover
nor Stevens, whilst the Judge was holding
his court, and the proclamation of martial
!a-.v in that Territory. The correspondence
is full of interest; but, as it was placed in
the hands of the printer to be spe dily pr'n'-
ed, we rre only able at present to publish
the letter of Secretary Marcy to Governor
S'.evens.contnining the President's cinphutic
condemnation of the conduct of the Gov
ernor. Tne letter is in the terse and clear
style which characterizes all tlie produc
tions of the Secretary of Stetc:
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
WASHINGTON, SEPTEMBER 12, 1856.
11 is Excellency Isaac J. 8tevs,
Governor of the Territory of Washimlan:
Sir: I have laid before ti.o President a! I
the documents aud papers which yuu have
transmitted to this Department in explana-ti-ju
of yuur cour.-e in declaring martial law
in some pans of the Terri'ory of Washing
ton. Alter a full considerdtio-i of tiie.u ne
lias not been able to find in the casj vou
have presented a justification for that ex
treme measure. Whether, in any ci.cuin
stan.es whatever, the Governor of a Ter
ritory can resort to such a measure, unless
under express authority given by legisla
tion, is a ques;iou which it is not prupos?d
now to discuss or decide. It is qnite cer
tain that nothing but direful necessity, in
volving the probable overthrow of the civil
government, could be jalleged as any sort of
excuse for superseding that government
temporarily, and 6ubsti:uling in i;s place an
arbitrary uiil'tury rule. The recognition
of such an inherent power iu any function
ary, whatever be his grade orposition.would
be extremely da igerous to civil and poli ical
libery. WhPe the President does not brin-
into question the motives by which you
we.re actuated, be is induced, by an impera
tive sense of duty, to ex pre -s his distinct
disapproval of your conduct, so far as re
spects the. proclama'i in of martial law.
Were the President able to adupt the con
clusion thai martial law cou 'd in any case
0 established w.truul express legislative
autnority, he could not find such a case in
the state of things in Washington T r.itory
as yuu uave piesen-ea mem. wue e re
bellion pr a form djbie insurr.c.ion had in
effect overthrow the. civil government, mar
tial lav has been occusioi.al y resorted to
as the only means left for its rc-cetablirh-ment.
Martial law bas also been resorted
to iu aid of the Government uhen in im
minent danger of being overpowered by in
ternal or external foes. In such cases the
measure has been regarded as excusable;
butitjncvtr cun be excusable n line" the
objucljn resorting to martial law was to
act against the existing Government of the
country, or to supersede its functionaries iu
the . discharge of their proper duties. The
tailor -e.a c hare Been , Hie prinapaTt,3l,lot
grounu you nau lor proclaiming mirtiul law.
Yuur conduct in that respsct does not, there
fore, meet wi'.h the favorable regard ul' the
President.
1 am, sir, your obedient servact,
W. L. MARCY.
Geological Survey of Ohio.
No recommendation of Gov. Chase in his
Message, is of more interest aud iuiport-
atice to our State than that of the Geologic
al burvey of the State, it is now nearly
twenty years since the first Survey was un
dertaken, under the'direction of Prol. Moth
er, assisted by our respected townsman, Dr.
t. P. Ilildretb, and by Col. roster, of late
political celebity in Mass., Dr Briggs, now
of I ronton -.veil known to many ol our citi
zens, Dr. Kirllaiid, 61 Cleveland, a Jisting
ushed Naturalist, and Chas. Wbiltlesay,
j q., b. 0. Surveyor. The work was just
commenced wlict the appropriations for it
were reiused by our Legislature. Duly a
few counties were partial iy explored, but
enough was revealed in regard to the sjil.
buiiding-stoue, coal and iron to show that
the S'ate contained vast resources of pros
perity. Incomplete as was the arrested labors of
the Survey, many sagacious men gathered
hints from the reports; by which they pro
fited largely iu a pecuniary point ol view.
Thousands of dollars have been made iu the
iron districts by the study of the Reports of
raf. Mather anc his assistants. Tnese
Reports were, however, necessarily very
meagre, and their value to the Slate was
oti'y as giving preliminary intimations of
our vast resources. Since then much has
been done by practical business men to de
velop our biddeifweallh and with great suc
cess, but nut without many costly blunders
from which a thorough survey would have
saved them.
Il is said that some of our Kaihoads bare
made great mistakes in their location, bv
ignorant ly passing one side of rich mineral
ideposits which would have been a source of
revenue for ages, and thus greatly increased
the value of Ihe Road. No engineer is fit
kcate a Railroad without a pretty ac
curate knowledge of the geological charact
er 0 the region through- which his road is
pass. We are happy to say that our M.
C R. R. in iu location between us and
Cincinnati shows 00 such b'uinlcr, Ji
passes directly! hrough one of the richest
regions for salt, coa! aud iron 10 be found
the United Stales.
Asido from these great and manifold ad
vantages of a thorough survey of the State,
is most desirable in a scientific point ul
view. A, a late meeting of the American
Association for the advancement of science,
Albany, a Committee composed of Pro.
Agassiz, of Cambridge. Prof. Henry of the
Smithsonian Institute, Prof. Dana, of Yale
College, and several other distinguished
men of science, besides several as disting
uished as civilians, were appointed to petition
our present Legislature lor on appropriation
the survey. We earnestly hope that the
appropriation will he made, and men of true
undoubted scientific merit appointed to
is
a
the
to
ol
ted
take charge of the work.
It would be of incalculable value to the
material interests ol the State, and our Le
gislature could "erect no nobler niLnumeiit
itself than by voting such an appropria
tion. We hear a unanimous totce in iu
favor in this part of the State, and we trust
that our Representatives will give an ex
pression to the seutirucnl by voting iu favor
the undertaking. The work need cost
little money. One tenth part of what
has been lost to the State by the 'frauds re
cently exposed by bogus contracts, would
tho work. well. Marietta Intelligencer.
[From the N. Y. Times.]
A Heroine Arrived—The Young
Wife who took Neptune's Car
around Cape. Horn.
Njvemuer
Among the passenger from Califor
nia, who arrived by the steamer Georgt
Late, on Saturday, there was an invalid
who had to be borne from tha vessel to his
hotel upon a litter. ! y his side, "superin
tending every movement, was a young lady,
of prepossessing person, but with a counte
nance care-worn and anxious from long
watching. Thr i .valid wa Cap!3i Joshua
P. Pattnn, late of the ship Neptune'' t
Car, of New York, and the lady was J rs,
Mary A. l'.itton, his wife, both o(whom re
turn home under circumstances of peculiar
misfortune. Capi. Putton left New York
for Sin Friocisco about the middle of AJ
trust, 1S56, in command of the Xejdunei's
Car, belonging to Messrs. Foster Nickcr
son, of this city .carrying a ilh him his wife,
who had previously accompaiiied him on
two voyagis. bailing about the same time
for S in Francisco were the M?8 Ro
mance of ihe i'sar, and the Inter fid, both
fast clipper. Cupt. Pultun, proud of bis
ship, and Coiilidriit of her sailing qualities.
declared his intention 'o beat the others, if
possi iie, in r.'ai'liiiii their common port of
destination, and made every exertion with
in the b junds of prudence to insure a quick
paasiire.
They had not been long at sea,Tiowevcr,
befur Lupt. 1 . discovered that he was not
eustuiued by his first officer. This indiffer
ence of the mate, which by degrees grew
into eulleiiness and neglect of Bis. dutie,
devolve i ex'ra cares and walchfullness upon
ih: C'lptain, who by the time tyebip had
readied uape uirn was worn cut wuu ia
tii'uc and cares. I lie mate was lound on
several occasions asleep in his Watch, with
the shin under shortened sail, when the
wind weather was most favorable for ma
king the run. A repetition of these mis
demeanors finally decided C: pt- Patton to
put tb? mate olT duty, which was done about
the time they doubled Capt. Horn. The
increased difficulties which this urp'easant
state of things occasioned, broug'it the Cap
tain down with a fever about the time they
passed the straits ol Li Maire. H-; strug
gled against it for a week and'wa then
compelled to quit the deck, not howeirer'with
out hope that his confinement would be but
temporary. As long as be possessed suffi
cient strength he conferred wi'.h his wife
as to the minagemcnt, and directed her, in
case he was wholly disabled, to navigate
the ship to San Francisco, giving the sec
ond mate the orders how to steer. Despite
the constant nursing of his wife, the disease
triumphed, setlicd mto a congestion of the
brain, producing delirium and blindness.
Trui to her husband's directies the wife
took uo the sextant, and daily, at meridian
and at night, made the necesffvy observa
tion, and, unassisted, kept the run of the
ship, giving her ordeis as to tha coutse to
be steered. At the same tints she consult
ed all the medical auth jriliei at hind as to
the treatment of her husbani' case, and ap
plieJ h"rsi!f in every way to lesto e b e
health.
The mate, meantime, sojgLt to excite a
mutiuv anions tne crew, and ccsireo to
carry the ship iut.f Valparaiso, but in this
he was foiled. Mrs, Patton assembled the
sailors upon the quarter-deck and explained
to them the helpless condition of her bus
b-ind nt the same time to them to stand by
her and second nnte. Tj this appeal each
man responded by a promise to obey her in
command, i be mate lost Ins pow?r .over
the cre.v from that hour, and Mrs. P., with
out a rival, directed every movement on
board. The m-3a manifested tlseir sympthy
by the jjreates: alajrity in obeying her or
ders, as u ell as those ol the second mite
who superintended the working of the ship
until bIip arrived " n JTra ncyi(onlhi
I hose who saw her en
ter the harbor say no ves-el ever came into
that port looking belter in every respect
The Romance of the Sias had arrival ehrht
dnys before her.
i he case ol captain rattun and n s w:!e
becoming known to the Masons, of which
fra'.ern;ty he is a member ,temporary provis
ion was made for them, and by their assis
tance they have bs-ea forward to their friends
oa boird the Ueorge Aiu. Tliey arrived
he e to'a'lv destitute,-r d the situation of the
devoted wile is rendered tha more trying by
the near approach of ihe period of her con
finement. The case having been brought to the at
tention of the Board of Underwriters, the
matter was yesterday referred to a Commit
tee, whojreported in favor orpaying Mrs. P.
$1,000 us a temporary relief. Her discre
tion and heroism have saved a very large
sum to insurers, which would have been l.'ol
had the councils of the mate prevailed, and
the ship been carried into Vulparaisa. It
understood that some furtlievppropiutioo
will be made for their relief, UDd that the
owners of the ship, and the iwsfbhants of
New York, propose to uke some lunher no
tice of the case. '.
The Captain i s still verv low, liis eye
sight lost, his recovery by no means certain.
Mrs. Pution is yet but 20 years of age, and
has been married about 3 years. S ie4 is a
native of Bos'on, a mighty pretty , woman,
and a 'Hervine. The parties were accom
panied to New York by Dr. Harris, of this
city, who has had the treatment of Capt.
P.'s case since his arrival in Sar Francisco.
The Ox SrA.nsn Coiss. We learn that
the ave.-aci; yield of worn Spanish coirs at
the Mint of the United Stales, Philadelphia,
as follows:
Quarters. - - 23j cents.
E ghte. - - - . 10 9-10
Sixteenths. - - 5 ,
The Treasurer of the Mint pays in the
now issue of silver for amoui: g ;xceeding
five dollars in value, immediately upon as
certaining the weight of surih a are pre
sented, at the rate of SI. 23$ per tioy ounce
Philadelphia jnguirer'.
Fokger Arrested. About one week igo,
man claiming to bo from Philadelphia, ard
named A. E. Everott, arrived in this city,
bringing a letter of introduction , to Mavor
Caldwello whom he was an en'irt.tranger.
Snmc days ago he presented a check on the
Bank, of Wiieeling,drawiiby Cole & Son, of
Philade lphia, on Jnsia Lec & Co., and nc
cepted by them for'O. Being stranger,
officers of the Hunk refused to Cash the
check, when he applied to Mayor Caldwell
prove his identity. At this demand, tho
Mayor make a re-exam nation of the letter
introduction brought by Everett, and be
came satisfied thai it was a forjory;. the!
bank officers were also very doj'oiful ofthe
genuine?s ofthe signatures, lie was accord
ingly arrested and brouht beforo ICsq.
Duiiy, and after examination, was commit
fur n fufthcr hearing on Saturday morn
ing. Wheeling Int.
Acidity of the Stomach and Indigestion.
tion.
03" -I cn e.-if any thing after taking ytfur
Holland Hitters" is a lemark frequently
made to us.
To persons troubled with acidity of the
stomach, Indig-'stinn. or any disorder ol the
siomach, we wmild only say try it. Its
world-wide reputation, has been established
alone by the many wonderful cures it has
effected. When used for Dyapepai , Jaun
dice, JLiver complaint, weaknei-a of any
kiid, Cnstiveneg-i and Piles, it should be
taken in small doses s iy, hilf a teaspoonful.
regularly three time a day, before meats.
The Burdell Tragedy.
The Burdell case has finally been dis
posed of, so lac as the prelimicary inquiry
before the Coroner is concerned. The ex
amination, after continuing fourteen days,
closed on Saturday last, and resulted in
the finding sf the lollowing verdict:
Aw IitQUisiTtos. Taken at the house of
the late Doctor Harvey Burdell, No. 31,
Bond street, in the Fifteenth Ward of the
city of New York, in the county of New
York, this 14th day of February, in the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and
fifty-seven, before Edward I). Connery, of
thee ty aid county aforesaid, on view of the
body el the said Harvey Burdell, lying dead
at 31, Bond street; aforesaid, and upon the
oaths and affirmations of twelve good and
lawful men of the State of NewYork. duly
chosen and sworn or affirmed and chargeJ
to enquire on behalf of said people how and
in what manner the said Harvey Burdell
came to his death, do, upon their oaths and
affirmations, say that the said Hirv y Bur
dell on the 30th day of January, at 31, Bond
street, aforesaid, was feloniously murdered,
and came to bis death by being stabbed in
various parts of his body with a dagger r
other sharp instrument; and the jurors be
lieve from the evidence, and therefore find,
ll-at Emma Augusta Cunningham and John
J Eckel were principals iu the commission
(f said murder; and the jurore aforesaid fur
ther find that George Vail Snodgrass cither
joined the said Emma Augusta Cunning
ham and John J. Eckei in the commission
of the said murder, or was accessory thereto
before the fact, counselling, or abetting the
said Emma Aogusta Cunningham and John
J. Eckel to commit the said murder: and ihe
jurors aforesaid further fina ttat Augusta
Cunningham and Helen Cunningham, be
: ig in the honne, 31, Bond stree'., a'oresaid,
where the said murder was committed, have
some knowledge of the facts connected with
the said murder which they have concealed
from 'he jury, and that it is the duty ol" the
Coroner to hold them for the future action
of thr Grand Jury. In witness whereof,
we, the said jurors, as well as the Coroner,
have to this inquisition set our hands and
a.'als on the day and place aforesaid.
This finding we think necessarily follow
ed the evidence adduced, and we doubt not
accords with the views of nine-tenths of
those who have paid any attention to the
case. In addition to the numerous fact
proved as to the feeling of enmity enter
tained by the accused against the deceased.
their threats, his own expressed fears
them even on the dav preceding the murder
the general bad character of the principal
parties implicated, the benefits to accrue to
Mrs. Cunningham on Burde!l"s death by
means' of foiged papers, a probable sham
marling?, &.C., the sending of the servant
girl to bed at ten o'clock, and the almost
impossibility of the crime having been com
nutted under such circumstances by a sin
gle person or by others than the occupants
f the house the most important evidence
adduced was thit of Mr. Brooks, living di
recuy opposite, who when about getting
into biM in a room facing the street was
startled by the cry of murder, fo'Iowed by
sounds of a scuffle and fall; that of Mr.
R iss, who ab.Mit the same time saw a man
answering the description of Burdell enter
the bouse in which the crime was perpetra
teu; a:ter the lapse ot a moment or two
hecrd a half suppressed cry of murder issue
therefrom; that of Mr Strangham.v.ho was
pass ng along the opposite side of the stree
about the same hour, and heard a sharp
st tied cry, like that of a person in agony
mat 01 Mr. farrell, who claims to have ta
ken a scat on the steps to adjust his shoe
siring, while sittihg there a man answering
to the description of Burdell passed by him
into the house will-out saying anything.
immediately after he heard the cry of miir-
der, the scuflle and the fall, and directly
after a 11IT11 in 11 is BUTrr sleeves (whom he
alterwards recognized among a er.iwd o
f
persons as Eckel) opened the d.jnr and put
ting out his head inquired what he was do
ing there in such savage tones as to Iricjhten
hun off; and that of a cutlery dealer on
Broadway, whu teitified to having sold Snod
grass a danger the dav preceding the mur
der, the fellow to which was produced and
the wounds on deceased were such as would
have been produced with just such an
strumeut.
The extent of the excitement :n New
York was great beyond precedent.. The
IrUiune says
"We believe that not less than one hun
dred and fifty columns of the Tribune have
been devoted to the evidence and comments,
thereon an amount of space which could
not have been occupied by any other matter
so satisfactorily ta our readers. In fact, for
me past lorinigni mis mvstenous murder
his preoccupied the public mind, to the ex
clusion of almost every other topic.
VV e arc especially reminded of this fact by
noticing Ihft careless manner in which the
news of the disastrous freshet around us
involving the destruction of property to the
amount of mi 'lions of dollars has been re
ceived in this city; the public heart being
so interpret-ted with the sombre ferocities
of the murder that it had no room (or the
entertainment of any other calamity."
The ir.aiter has gone before the Grand
lury for their action, and the Public, Ad
ministrator has taken charge of the Effects
real and personal, of the deceased. D la-
ware Gazette.
American Hostilities in China
The Navy Department has received, des
patches from our naval commander in the
China seas rendering an account of the re
cent bel'igerent operations at Canton. The
Department bas pub'ished the annexed gen
eral order of Commodore Armstrong, re
ferring to his actions with the Chinese
forces, and civing a list of the losses on
our side. We have nothing in addition to
the newrpaprr srecunts in relation to the
orlia of the qa rre!:
GENERAL ORDER.
To the commanders, officers, seamen, and marines
of the U. S. ships Portsmouth, San
Jacinto, and Levant.
in the midst of pence you have been call
ed upon to redress an assault upon the fl;i
of your country. Tho nece.-sity of such a
step is much to be regretted by us all.tliiiii'-li
the manner 111 which Jyour stem duty lis
been performed is so honorable to your
selves. I should omit an act of justice to you, to
those who have bravely fallen in the per
formance of their duty, and to the service to
which you beion?, if I hesitated to make
this official acknowledgment of the laithful
and honorable manner in -which all huve
dune their part. '
The embarrassment has been to check
tha earnest seal with which both officers
and men have sought to place themselves in
a
most during and hazard ms positions, and
kei-p them at any duty, however neces
sary, which did nut bring them in contact
wilh ihe enemy.
Among the satisfactory results of the con
flict in which yuu have been erigaged is the
proof it presents ol the intelligent subor
dination so generally exhibited in this emer
gency, and als-i of the magraniinity which
has enabled you, under aggravating acts, to
respect the right ol the people whose au
thorities had forced you into hostility; and
this is the highest hunur ta the flag you re
present. Your best reward is the consciousness of
hiving well done your duty; but I should
fail in mine unless, in this public manner, 1
conveyed to you my earnest thanks, with
the hope that you will receivers you bave
merited, the honor of your country's appro
bation. Given under my band on board of the U. 8.
flag ship San Jacinto, at Whampoa. China
cn this 6th day of Dec. 2856.
JAS. ARMSTRONG,
Commander in-chief of U. S. naval
forces in the East Indies and Chinese
Seas.
Congressional.
WASHINGTON, Feb, 18.
Senate. Mr. Wilson introduced a bill to
procure a marble bust of the late Chief Jus
tice of the Supreme Court of the United
States, Wm. Gushing, of Massachusetts.
The bills dividing Missouri and Texas
each into two Judicial Districts were past
ed. Adjourned.
Houss. Mr. Campbell, of Ohio, reported
b ick from the Committee on Wavs and
Means the Senate Submarine Telegraph
Uill with amendment, namely " 1 hat cit
zeus ofthe United States shtll have .1 right
to use the line for all the time, instead
60 years, "recognizing the equality of their
rights to Us use, and of the lines which
any time may connect wilh its termin i
New Foundland: provided it shall be in th
power of Congress, after ten years, to ter
minate the contract on one years' notice
Ineffectual efforts were made to table the
bill, which passed amer.ded as above. Yeas
102:"naysSl. .
The amendment requires the concurrence
of the Senate.
The House then went inio committee
the Whole on the Tariff bill.
Mr. Campbell, of Ohio, presented a bi
and explained that he reported by the Com
nnttee or Wavs and Means at the last ses
sion, and proposed to modify it by adJin
various articles to the free list, leaving the
item of wool with the proviso that all of th
value of 15 cents or less, and 50 cents
over at the port of importation, shall be duty
free, leaving the intermediate kind with the
present d ity of 30 per cent. Lead, hemp
iron and sugar remain as they are. Tb
bill would reduce the revenue six millions
directly, and probably from four to six mi
lions indirectly by the facilities it would
give the manufacturing interests ofthe coun
try.
This, after debate, and offering other res
olu'ions ar a substitute, was agreed to as
substitute for Mr. Wilson's bill, which con
teinplated a reduction on all'of the pre-ent
schededulus. The former is still open to a
mendment.
The Committee then rose, the House con
curred in the Senate's amendments to the
coinage bill making it lawful for two years
to pay out at the mint the new cents author
ized to be coined to the fractional parts
Spanish and Mexican dollars.
House then adjonrned.
WASHINGTON, Feb, 18. WASHINGTON, February 20, 1857.
Sexate Mr. Pugh introduced a bi'l pre
scribing the time and manner of electing
Senators to Congress, and the form of thai
credentials.
Mr. Trumbull presented ndditional papers
relative to the so-called joint-Conventi n o
Indiana, in whu h iiright and r itch were
elected Senators.
Ihe I rivate calendar was then taKen un
The Sen ite passed lorty-five bills, includ
ing one paying to i.-Cicers tr.d seamen
the expedition in search of Dr. Ivnie, th
simo ra-e of pny which was allowed to th
expedition under L'eutennnt De Haven.
Mr. Wnghi presented the credentials of
Mr Thompson, re-elected Senator from New
Jersey.
Mr. Gwynn introduced the Pacific Rjilroa
bill. Adjourned.
House. Mr.Clingman fuggestedthat any
member named in the resolution of the se
lect committee sha'l have leave to file an an
swertothe statements concerning him, I
be printed with the other papers. Thi
seemed righi and proper.
Mr. D jvis of Mary land, thought thct wr.nld
be irregular. They had nothing todowi:
the reports, lut could reply to the resolu
tions on which they have the privilege to be
heard in person cr by counsel.
Mr. Clingman's motion was agreed to.
The speaker laid before the House the
agricultural part of the report of Conimis-
siol er of Patents.
J be Home then went into a committee
on the tariff bill.
During the proceedings Mr. Orr said
that Congress should pass an even bill ofthe
majority of the committee of Ways nnd
Means rather than r.one at all, and on his
motion the committee rose, thus relieving
itself of the many pending amendments,
sjllr. uampoeti, ot Uhio, submitted an
original bill, the same, with several sligli
alteration!1, as Ihe last one reported from
committee on Ways and Means, and ex
pressed his views on the subject.
Mr. Letcher's substitute, proposin;
general reduction of 50 per cent, on the
present tariff", was rejected 74 against 112
Mr. Campbell's bill passed, 110 sgainst
84.
J he rost Uthee appropna'ion bill a
taken up.
Mr. Suntop said the tariff bill was passed
by trickery and fraud, by autside influence
and a combination of those favoring the
protection of Hemp, Sugar. Iron, ana Ma-
sathusetts Wool n goods. This was done
amidst his protest, the measure striking a
blow at the wool growers.
jlr. Campbell, ol Uhio, regretted the re
marks of his colleague, and marked his in
sinutions as baselv and calumnious, both as
to himself and his rolle.-igue, on the Com
mittce on Ways and Means, the bill just
passed was predicated on the principle re
commended by '.he Secretary of the Treas
ury. Mr. Carlisle made a speech in tnvor o!
iquaiizin the grants of land among the
several States ot the Union.
After further debate the House adjourned
Stjetlixs Occtrrekce. At a church
11 in adioing county, a S..nday or two
since, just 1 s the congregation wire about
to kneel down to prayer, a ladv, '.in a tine
of horror, raided the cry of B-n-a k el-
Great excitement prevailed, and there was
mighty rush frjm the dangerous locality.
At length a gentleman advanccn to the
SDot. irazed a moment on the coiled mon
ster, aud, pouncing upon it, held up to ihe
view ofthe startled crowd a whalebone hoop.
which bud wiggled ivSff upon the floor.
This is a tact, and ought to admonish the
dies of the danger of not securing well
the snake-like circles v hicn encompsssjtheir
lower extremities. Clar!.sville (Tennesser)
Chrunic'e
Steuben vt lle &. Indiana Rails ad.
The commit tcef appointed in the City of
Philadelphia, some months ago to procure
subscriptions for the Steubenville and In
diana Ruilroad, have been actively engaged.
The object of the subscription is, to pro
vide the road with rolling t ck and motive
power. The Committee made a report to a
meeting of c ilizen of that place, on Mon
day last, in which they state that they have
secured subscription to the amount of
$185,090, which they resolved to further in
crease to $i50,U0O, immediately. A final
report, the Committee expect to make as
early as the 55th inst. This is encouraging.
Slewenvule lltrald.
at
WASHINGTON, Feb, 18. WASHINGTON, February 20, 1857. The Trial of the Assassin of the
Archbishop.
The trial of Verges, the assassin of the
Archbishop, presented a most extraordinary
scene. The prisoner behaves with the ut
most violence, interrupting the witnesses,
denouncing them as liars and scoundrels,
and appealing to the spectator for sympa
thy and protection. At last, the prisoner
became more violent than ever. He de
clared that only garbled letters were read
agtrnst him, and loudly demanded that every
thing should be read. He sat down and rose
up repeatedly with furious gestures, and
called the cure "Miserable ! mis Table !"
The Pres dent Prisoner, by virtue of my
discn t onary power, I shall send you out of
court, and proceed wilh the trial in vour ab
sence. The Prisoner La parole ou la guillotine
I am not afraid of nothing. I will brave
death as I have this tribunal. You are a
set of wretches. I fear God alone
The President ordered the gendarme to
take the prisoner away. He resisted, and
cried, ' Help, people: people defeod me!"
A cry here arose from the a jdience, "No,
no ; you are an assassin ; an assassin," and
the prisoner was dragged away from the bar
amidst a scene such as was probably never
before witnessed in a court of justice. The
cuurt then adjourned for a short time.
No person ever rem -mbers an instance of
a prisoner on trial for his life, having s
misconducted himselfthal the judge was tor
ced to take the extreme course of proceed
ing to condemn him in his absence. Such,
however, it was thought, would be the case
with the assassin t the Archbishop of Pari,
hut on the Judges resuming their seat, he
wasbrouglit back to the bar by the gendar
mes and appeared somewhat calmer.
The trial again proceeded, and '.be evi
dence being completed, notwithstanding the
frequent interruptions of the prisoner, and
the Procureur-General was about to com
mence hi speech for ihe prosecution, but
appeared overpowered by hi emotions.
The prisoner here exclaimed, "You trem
ble sir. you tremble, finding yourself opposed
to such an adversary as I am. Yes, I am
your adversary in everything. You shall
not speak.. Yon bave prevented me from
specking.'and I will prevent you." After
vain attempt to make the prisoner conduct
himself decently, the" court, on the motion of
the Procureur-General, pronounced a de
cree reciting that the prisoner had by inces
sant clumors and insults obstructed the
course of justice, and ordering that, by virtue
of the law ol September, 25, 1S3S, he should
be removed from the court the trial proceed
ing in his absence.
The speech of the Procureur-General be
ing closed, the President summed up, and
the jury rendered a verdict of guilty. Sen
tence of death was then pronounced, the
prisoner being still absent.
OrThe population of Montreal,
C. E-
has increased 5000 since 1855.
05The consumers of sugar paid
6,-
780,000 duties on sugar last year.
f5Nev York has furnished Wisconsin
with 300,000 of its inhabitants.
Small Spue. The lecofoc is of the Illi
nois Legis'a'ure hnve refuse ! to "order the
printing of Gov. Bissel's Message.
NEW YORK, Feb'y. 18.
The steamer Africa sailed at noo:i to d iy,
taking out 6200,000 in speije.
CINCINNATI, Feb. 18.
The official returns giv M . 3l:u.h 3 in
jonty. He b is a cerfhcite of his e! tion
WASHINGTON, Feb'y. 18.
The Union of thi morning coitainJ th
President's proclamation e tiling the Sen ite
together on the 4th of March.
HARTFORD, CT., Feb. 10.
ThJ Democratic State Convention of Con
necticut to-day re-ncmina'ed Samuel Ing
ham for Govprnor, by a unanimous vota
Orlt is 'estimated thit the number o'
persons afllicted with insanity in 'he United
States, reaches at prosent 25,000.
fr5The Keokuk, (l3wa) Paf says th
not less than sixty peion have been froz
to de'th in that State and Minnessota, dur
ing the lite cold snap.
fJ7"The Congressional Investigating Com
miitee. it is said will report in favor of the
expulsion of three members of thsi body for
corrupt practices.
fc5"On Sunday afternoon, M-s Susa
G'lnder, wife of J:-hn Gunder of Mnhonin
county, committed su:cide. by cutting her
throat with a shoe knife.
ftrrThe Honse of Kepresenative on
Thursdav, finally oassed ihe resolution
relative to thS improvement ofthe Ohio.by
votej of yeas 57, nays S3. (
fj2rThe dwelling of Mrs. Connelly, in
New London, O., was binned on 'he evenin
of the 8th inst., and one of Mrs. C.'s children
was burned in the dwelling.
Ir appears from a communication in the
Cincinnati papers the Slough was once ex
polled from an Odd Fellows' lodge in that
city f,ir tlie same offence for which
Legislaure gave him leave of absence.
the
frt-The Dffianct Republican is 'the till
of a new paper just started at Defiance
Ohio, by J. I). Baker, Ksq,at5l per year
We fenr Bro. Baker will not be able to pay
expenses at that rate, though are wish him
every success.
ft5-Frederirk Bauer, teacher of a Uomm
Catholic School at Cleveland, vh;, it will
be recollected, lately chastised a little girl
so severely that she died from the effect.
was tried on Tuesday, and found guilty e
assault and battery.
A New Telegraph. borne wicked ras
cal suggests a new kind of telegraph, name
ly, to place a line of women at the distance
of filty paces from each otbcr.and commit to
the first the news to be transmitted, a
profound secret. Iti-l thought that there
would be greater dispatch secured by
such
a plan than by any other.
OyJamcs atson was indicated on
Wednesd.iv last in the t'ourt ol tteneral
ssion at New York for assaulting, on the
3 I of January last, Fernando Casfang and
steulii-g a w atch from him, valued at 830
Verdict, guilty: sentence, State prison lor
eu years and three months.
NEW JERSEY SENATOR.
to
TrextoN. Ft b. 19. J 'hn "R Thomson
wns to dav'reelerted United States Senator.
The tote stood : Thomson, 50'; Randolph,
American.) 20; .(Republican.) 6.
Washington, Feb. 18.
by
The investigating committee was prevent
ed from reporting to-day in consequence ol
the arrival of other witnesses and their ex-
mination. They are to have a meeting to-
ght finally ta arrange for presenting their
report to-morrow.
New York Sfbatkr. The vote in the
New York Legislature for Preston King as
Senator was as follow:
lloues. King. Rep., 77; Sii'klea, Dem..
33; Deadly, K 6: absent or not voliag
Senate. Preston King, 19; Sickcls, I;
Joel T. Deadly, 9.
frT-Th BostoiijTVn.'cr. I learns by a pri
vate letter, that George Cara'enssen, archi
tect ol the Crystal Palace, New York, die
tVpenlmgen on the 4.h of January. H
commenced the . publication of a Sunday
newtpaper.at Copenhagen, and died th
same daythat the first number was issued.
Hi
Hi
of
The Manufacture of Iron in the
United States.
Nine hundred thousand 'tons of iron wera
made by the iron furnaces of the United
States last year.
Who can estimate tb importance of this
fact to any correct conception of American
life, its deveIopment.it strength and beauty t
Twenty thousand families of a hundred
thousand souls, were clustered around those
furnaces literally feeding on iron and oc
cupying itself with mnrely the first process
of the iron manufacture. For we must re
member that melting the ore into pig iron
is but the first act of the d ama; then fol
low three or four more. The furnace world
is but one world, a sort of antidiluianage,
an age of imn, where everything is rude,
earthy, primitive and just stepping forth
from chaos. Thn follows the forge world
and then the rolling mill world. That, re
presents the middle ages, full of blood and
thunder Thor worsh ioing, foil of hammers
and maces. Thip, moderc times, fall of
strong persuasion and nice measurement;
the nineteenth century of finish and the last
attainments of science and art the stern
engine, the iron ship, the railroad and the
telegraph. The furnaces stand back ia the
wooded mountain gorges. The forges are
in village and small towns cbeifly, and the
great rolling mills in cities, or on great
rivers and populous thoroughfares.
To the twenty thousand families of char
coal 'burners, quarrymen, teamsters and
furnace hand about the furnaces, we must
add the anthracite and soft coal misers sv
far as they would be exclusively engaged in
providing the furnaces with million of ton
of mineral fuel which they use; and there
would be at least three thousand families.
Then there are many boatmen eontinaally"
occupied in bringing ore and coal,"and tak--ing
away iron.
The foundry world ia also populous with?
inhabitant of it ovd, as numerous as th
furnace population, from which it is so
separate, and yet on which it so entirely de
pend. For all through one or more of the
subsequent processes of re-melting and
casting, or of refining, puddling, piling, and
re-heating; rolling and cutting, swedging,
planing, and using. '.Two hundred thousand
tons of it were run into the foundry mould
last year; mould large and small, moulds
for pots. and rail ..hairs and Yankee knick
nacks, as well as moulds for engine bed
plates, thirty feet long, sod government ord
nance.weighing twenty six thousand pounds
a piece. The forges worked up the remain
der four hundred thousand tons and there
by supported another population.
Attached to these, a a later and larger
grow th branches which have outgrown th
parent stock the Rolling mills were busy
with a still larger population yet, drawing
out the perfected metal, fresh from the anvil
and the crusher, into threads and rods,p!atea
and rails of every 23 and shape, from the
Inest wire to an eighty pound to the yard;
twenty-six feet rail. Last year, one hun
dred and fi ty thousand, of the four hundred
thousand to a just mentioned, went into
railroad bars; the test made merchant iron,
bar and boiler plate. Forty thousand tons
of rod iron was made up into spike and
nails in Pennsylvania alone. To do all this
required, directly or indirectly, so far as bar
iron was alone concerned, twelve hundred
hands f ir each tea thousand ton; or. fifty
thousand hand or lam i lies. The whole
iron miking population of the country then,
in iy be set down at one huudred thousand
laiuiiirs, or half a million uf sou's. Largo
as thi sum sou.ids, it by no mean adequate
ly repre-ents Vie interest which the whol
u.ti m bus in iron manufacture; fur, around
ail ihe six or seven hundred furnaces and.
iiiuotiierjblj iwrgs. fouudrie aud mill ot
the United S-au-s, st arms a nebulous, in
determinable, outside, scroiparasitic papula
tion ol family mecbtnics, shopkeeper, re
tired men of sinail iudepr nd.-nt mean-, and
agricultural providers, every on of whom
h is an interest positive and well understood
and more or less dimct in the neighboring
work.
Further thun thi we cannot follow the
Iron Mmuf icture in it processes, and still
regaid it as i district branch uf national ac
tivity. From this poiut onward it ceases
to be a manufacture and becomes an en
ergy, permejiing and reio.'orcjeg all other
uuuuiacturei a ualural force, energizing
our physieial lite, &s the red globule in the
blood of th? body determine by their number
and movements il baltti and power. Since
we can neither hivn needles or anchors
without iron ran neither sit, nor eat, nor -print,
nor travel by land or sea, nut to anj. .
purpose, live, indeed, at ail without it aa
in fact, our advjnoeiueot as a people, i du ;
to tlie. handling of iron, andmust.be con
ticved to be measured by the amount, we
handle there can be no question of the
policy of fostering by every proper means in
our power, the manulactureamoug Os. The
more our furnace increase in size and num
ber, the more numerous will become our
foundries, iorge and rolling mills; our nail
factories and iffachine shop; for we use up
ail our native iron and go to Europe . e ry
year for more. Last year we bought 364,
675 ton abroad. With infinite resources
of ore and fuel, water power and steam, and
score of stacks idle or going to rain, we
paid last year tha . population of foreign
countries to the number of thirty-five thou
sand families for making, working and toll
ing iron for us abroad which we could have
made, and wrought, and rolled in our own
mountains, on our own riversr enhancing
the value of our own acre, increasing the
energy and intelligence of our otd people
and developing resource still covered up
by iur toresls or lying unimproved- under
ihe prairie of the West. Bui we prefer to
let our legisU'ors tinker every year at the
foundations ot this immense interest, until
it wail crack ooen, and those whose all is
involved in it fly from K in terror, while
other, ith capital to spare, -who would
gladly invest iu it, a s audk-paJsivzed, not
knowing Iroai year ta year what ia to haps
peu next. We prater 10 support not the,
honest working iron men abroad but their
aristocratic masters and despotic govern
ments, merely to please unscrupulous bro
kers aud foreign agent, who assuit oar
Coores-iinen shamelessly, ita omnipotent
temptations, and debauch th worl- ot our
Representatives, to guin fi aad n per.
ceut, commissions to themselves. Wear
glad to sl Pennyvania, at all event, alive,
the evil, which to her will be falul if not
cured -11J cured soon.
P.-.ibab:k Pecvae or Da. Kase. Adis.
patch was received in the city thi more ing
I. Griniiail.Esq . conveying the sad in
telligence that our dUtin uished country
man, Dr. Kane, hn pr bbly departed this
life.
The dispatch comes via. Mobile, having "
been received there.a i supposed, by the
steamship Quaker Ci:y. It is as follow:
HAVANA, Feb. 13.
r. Kane i still alive, but can't last
through the day. Hi mtnd keep right.
has just lett 'his Irlend and bid his
countrymen tarewell.
WM. MORTON.
Mr. Morton has been Dr. Kane's faithful
servant and steward for the last seven years.
nd accompanied him iwiee to the Arctic
regions.
Dr. Kane i thirty-four years ag.
disease is of a scrofulous naturi, ariaiog
from ourvey and exposuredurinj" hi nor
thern exploration! .V. Y. Jour. Com,
Monday.

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