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Chimes in the Heart. t-s tij' Lfet the chiminf, bow it floats On the ir in tnnefal notes! List ths chiming, ;' And the rhyming. -Of lbs bells in gokbjn notes! ' SoseemstosMthepsotvart FnaUbemaue in hi heart, -, , Wad ansprngiag . Widely ringing, . - Are Uka bett-ebimes in to heart. Again the chiming, how it floats. Now in muffled, mournful no lea ! -a !.'.,;--o" Sow toiling.-- 1 ; v Deeply roaing- , - , On the air in dirge-like notes!- ': So ofien aeem toe poet art: ' ' from the sorrow in his heart - Words revealing - ' : ''"J ' Depths of feeling, ! m -"Sound like bell-tolls in the heart. As ihf btBs IP us express i--'QuiJ' j,'or ,bu'1, rf ' " 7 , , Sadly knelling, -Sure ly telling . ''' Of the loTd ones laid to rest; . . . . . Qt Bmify bid all glooms depart ' When liear i giea holiest tow tohesrt; ' -'" So tolling drearily, '" w: t'r'ringirjs chetriiy. - '- Are the b. ll-ci.uni in the heart. .n . -tit Chimes in the Heart. Missionary Hymn BY CHARLES HAYCOCK ' . to.Tiera.ls Jr'salvation. . . . t ' " Go' iu.-ti a morning light -r t "tn eve.;y lahJ and natieo ' Dtae! the shades oi night, , Unfarl the to pel banner -sr" r -tiMcrlbo with Jesns' namj', " " - And ery aloud, Honnna! Oar God haseome to rign. 1 How glorious un tbe mountains ' His standard doth' appear, -' Leading to Zions fountains, v Which flow so tree, snd clear, i J. In streams of full salvation, ..,! for every thirsty soul;' . ' . Thrwgh evry land and nation, i .. X be aviso waters roll. "Messiah's banner waving, ' ' " Tbe wond'ring nations see, 1 ' And Grope 1 blessing craving, . ' ' Shall bow the suppliant knee : Before the King oi Zion, ' . . Whose garments, dipp'd in blood. Proclaim him Judah's Lyon. Tbe Lord, tbe mighty God! ' Their idol temples shaking, Slir.ll crumble into dust; The chains of error breaking. In Jesus they will trust. High wave the Gospel banner, AsJesue name is sung. And let the shout, Hoeanna ! Flow lorth Iran every tongue. 'TV BY CHARLES HAYCOCK Choice Miscellany. Illustration of the Lord's Prayer. 'And furgive us our trespasses as we for give those who trespass against ue." "I'll never forgive him never." " "Sever is a hard word, John," said th eweet-Iaced wife of John Locke, as she looked up a moment from the sewing. -He is a mean dastardly coward, and upon this Holy Bib el " 'Stc, husband ! John ! remerabi r he is my brother, and by the love you bear me, forbear to curse him. He has done you wrong, I allow; but O ! John, he is' very young and very scrry. Tbe momentary shame you felt yesterday, will hardly be wiped out with a curse. It will only injure yourself, John. O! pkase don't, say any thing d ead ul.' The sweet-faced woman prevailed the curse that hung upon th lips of the angry man was not spoken, but he etiil siiiii: "I will never forgive him he has dorje ma a tieadly wrong." The young man who bad prov;kd this bitterness, humbled cud repentant, sought in vain ftf forgiviness from him whom, in a moment oi passion, he had injured almost beyond reparation. J;-h-.i L -eke fjtir d "hii heart against him. In ha link siote sat the young viilec Vnerchkiit one pie-sant ui. truing, onteutediy reading in-liie uiurain p-per. A sound-uf hurried !.;t.i?teps approacf -d. but he fok H i notice until a heariiei'S boy burst into .the 6tore, screaming at the top ot his voice, Mr. Locke, Jonnev is in the river little Jonney Locke." To dash down the paper and spring into the street was the first impulse of the ago nized father. On, cn, like a maniac he flew to tbe river, palled and craz d with at guish The first sight that met h:s eyes, was little Jonney lying in the arms of his mother, who, with her hair hansing disheveled around ' her, bent wildly over. the. child. The boy was just saved; be breathed, and opening bis eyes smiled faintly' :n bis mother's face while she, with a choked voice, thanked God. Another form lay tnsenbible, stretched near the child. From his head the dark blood flowed from a ghastly wound. The man against whom John Locke bad sworn eternal hatredad, at the risk of his own Ufe, been thavior of his child. He bad etrock a piece of drift wood as he came to the sfNface with the boy, and death seemed inevitswe John Locke flung himself- on tbe green eward, and bent over tbe senseless form. ."Save him," be cried huskily to the doctor who bad been summoned, "restore him to consciousness if it be only for one little mo ment I have something important to say to him." "He is .reviving,. said the doctor,. . , Tbe wounded man opened his eyes they met the anxious gaze of his brother-in-law. and the pale lips trembled forth "Uo you foririve me!" "Yes, ve ! God is my witBess, a I hope for mercy hereafter, I freely forgive you; in turn I ask your forgiviness for my unchris- ;.n conduct.' A feeble pre. sure of the Th.nit antt beamip? smile waa all his an Hxer. ' "Many days the brave yonng man hung upon a slender thread of life, and never was there more devoted mends tnan tnose wn Covered over his sick bed. but a vigorous constitution triumphed, and,- pale and changed, he walked once more among the living. "Oh ! if he had died with my unkindnes , clouding bis eoul, never should I have dared to hop for mercy from my rather in Heav en,'.' said John L ke tu nia wile, as the eat talking over the solemn event that had threatened their lives with a living trouble ' "Never, now that I have tasted tbe sweet ' nesa of lurjjiveneiw, never again will 1 1 her Ub revenge or unkindtiess toward the erring Fur thi-re is e nc uieouiiiE to B'V soul the word's tf ur dj;'y prayer, ani I see (but . r I hve only b. ea calling judgments upon mif while 1 have iuipiout!y aked For- - ' : - r give us our trespass as we who trespass against us.",'.. , forgive thot-e fr7-Truth is far more iiiit iisely interest inz than fiction wbeu ,iie heart and afTec- tlont ttt! enlisted in the tubjei t. v , - QyThere are two stars -.vhich .r;s? an-i set with msn, and whose rcys encircle luui, Hope 'and &en.embrance. D. THOBURN EDITOR. & PROPRIETOR. NEW SERIES VOL, I, 'HE NO 11.1 H0 LGYES NOT HIS COUFTRYMfJOyg NOTHiNS; ST. CLA IRS VILLE, OHIO, THURSDAn, MA RCII TERMS 1 1857. $1,50 A YEAR. IN ADVANCE WHOLE NO 968. Discouraging Childhood. : It w 'somewhere relator that a pior soldier liavins had hts sknTl fractoreJ. was told by the dortorthit his brains were visible. "Do write to father," he replied, "and tell him of it, for he always said I hd no brains.' How many fathers and mothers tell their, children untrotrin.ami how nftn does such a remark contribute not a little to prevent any development of the brain! A rown-np per son tells a child be is brainless, or foolish, or a blockhead, or that t e is deficient in some mental or moral faculty, and nine casps of trn the statement is helWed. or, if not fully believed, ihe thought that it mar be partially so, acts tike an inrrjbos to re press the confidence and energies of that child. Let any nerson look back to child bond's d: ys and he n dnubtleM Terall manv words and expspaeions which exerted surb a discotrrflffintV or etteorrr?"i?lnrlueicertr him as to tell utvon nis whatr firre eoures flife. r- -wdJ m.' -'i- ," 5 . We knnw an amb'tiono boy, who, at the ape of ten years, had becom si.fleTresed ' with fgli-6ndin and ' reproof.-, not duly mingled with encours?'!(r words, that at an early a?e ht Ion wed for death to take him out of the world, in which he conceived i ri .u j u: j i. had at efleo been told o'hi. fault, and de- fieiencies .l-. i . j r , Ul. L nu bctdicu lu uiuipcii iiici dul'.esbaqd worst of boys, and whi'e none oT bis good qualities or capabilities had Been mentioned, and he believed he had none, a c i rr I o umrrt aI nrmiuA .nil ..nrrtlliftn carelessly dropped in his hearing, changed his whole course of thought. We have often heard him say that "that won! saved him." The moment he thought he could do well he resolved that he would and he has done we'.l. Parents, these - are important con siderations. Some-times encourage ynnr children without an if. Do not always tell them they can be good or can do well if they will do thua or so well, and that there is nothing to hinder them. American Ag riculturist ' j 'a ' From Paris Correspondent of the N Y. Times Count de Morny's Marriage—Trouble with an American Lady—Horace Vernet. PARIS, Feb. 5, 1857. The French Ambassador to St. Peters burg is likely to tneeteerious annoyances to his peace of mind on his return to Paris. I am assured of the fact that the Count was really promised in marriage to the young la dy of New York whose name I have already given you, and that the marriage gifts of the bride were in course of preparation at the moment-of the Count's departure for St. Pe tersburg. The news of the Count's mar- a;;e to a young Rus-tan princess, naturally ell u.ion the American family with great astonishment, and explanations were deman ded. The Count's excuse was I learn, that the Emprmr still copying after hU uncle- ad prohibited the American marriage. This was no doubt true, for Napoleon has no object in 'urinm alliances bymarriage j with the United S'ates, whils on the other and he has great reason for wishing such Winces wiih Russia. Moreover, if he did wish alliances with the Uuited Suites, he could nut make them in this wav, for chil- rin are never sold there for political purpo ses, and such uninna are of no influence. The "'nt,Titoi At M.imw it ia rmiil- t-r.c. mist the same position in her genealogical bear- n?s t't her rat-rnitv s U'jes tier nusoana B;it sh ' ne ' ount ijrr rn-hor myth. hS tMs !:tlvr:ntage of her hiiiband. that she I s h reputation of beini the d ttitfhtir of l-.'ss a p.:ronag3 n l.iniier t, ana ne nu hun the deceased Czsr Nicholas. Wh.le the Emnero-'s comum I may justi fy the I 'ount in Irs o.v n conscience, it does not justify him be or the wrld, and I am told thai the enrae I father o'-' the voung American lady, shielded as the Count is by lis high position from an attack before a tri bunal of Just;ce, intends to seek upon him a summary vengeance ' Americatne. tie would have in this the sympathy of the pub ic, since the higher the position the greater s thj efiVnce of a viola'ed contract. But this is not the only trouMe th:it t waits the Ambassador's arrival at aris. Every body knows the Count's long connec tion with the Countess Leii , of the Champ: Elysees. ot their brill snt stock-job bing operations together, of their magnifi cent fortunes, which grew up together in the same enterprises, of the Count's pater nal care over the family. It appears that there were promises here also that the Count's marriage at St. Petersburg violates, and that he is not only threatened with a suit on his return, but with certain disclo sures which will make his political position a bot one to sit in. So you see the Count's marital bed is not a bed of roses. Speaking of the revelation of political se crets, it is said that the deceasod Princess De Lieven has left behind a volume of me moirs on the men and events of the last thirtv vears in France, Russia and England, which is going tc astonish the political world. Her intimate correspondence is the most extended of that of any individual of the epoch in wtiieh e-Kveynria' embracrs, . - , besides the names of several sovereigns, those of Wellington, Metternich, Canning and Palmerston. Her most intimate friend during the last fifteen years of her life, M Guizot,is charged with the preparation f nil publication of these memoirs, and it requires a man ol the ability of M. Guizot to accom plish eo delicate a task. Tbe departure of JU. Vernett lor the Uni ted Siates is announced. It is reported here that the work demanded of the i'lustrious painter will occuoy him about -ix months, for which he is to receive the sum of two hundred thousand dollars! ''Jiits, with the sums he will, no doubt receive for portraits, will make bim a handsome fortune before his return. It is a great thing to have a name. ' A Yakkef.Tbici". An engine on the Pitts burgh and Chicago railroad brulfe down last week at 9o'cbck at nijjht, nine miles distant from any station. The' conductor innanliy started on foot t'irough the snow to gtt another urichiue. A telegraph oper ator in one of the cars mined .Siager.liear- ng the.eau.-e v( the detention, jjot o. it. and, taking inwn tliemain wire of the Ulegruph from the po!c alyngslde Imp trae, cut it, attached sins.! brvs wires to tlio two end-, dotted' the ai'trivs i.f his train t- Pitt br.rgb BH-1 Bi ig'utou ftatii-'is, and, put'iui one ol 'lie :t:.s? ;"if t ' h' to ::ue,read the answer th it :i engine -hould bd im mediately ent m ! tin ttlked off this pleasant lightning to lus anxious and im iiatienl el'.c c rr-i e' (Youwill never u:ni a k. end if you seek one without a failing. From the Philadelphia American. Refinement and Frugality. .The question is often asked how clergymen and teachers, and families reduced from af fluence to poverty, maintain respectable position oc limited incomes. The latter class, particularly, including people of refined tastes and dellicacy both of body & mind. are a mar ve to the uninitiated There is not a read er of this article, but may recall to mind some wijow living in opulence till the ex amination of her deceased husband's esraie reveals that he was insolvent, who is then! compelled to retrench to the extremest lira-i itf or soni? family of daughters, who wake from the first grief of orphanage .o find themselves destitute! , Vet tliey preserve the quiet elegance offrjjanner,anJ respecta oility of, apppearance, which enforces re spect and ensures kind a'.tectiun. . Te tnouhtleivi and the vulrkr call t!ir-m ooor ao nr6ttt 'thf are rich in .the setins jpride,,is Lolii'tVoLie;i'Us4 ;ssbf tiieir wealth. They sr.-ti'at otf(e:.deiiW but ll-t,u-ta nin.' It is: a great intt ke to sup pose that ' such persons live on prvsonl from their mire forluna'.e relatives. No doubt they o'len rece ve assistance; bu' it U the cheerful ofler:n of affection, t-.-iu'-red aLrace'i I an . u.nihat.ng s-rvilny of gratitude. 1 ne mun rennncei Dotn oicjerjryman anu , . , . - other educated people of limitrd means, is in a frugality in expenditure. Lidies re duced to pitvfsrty, remain ladies still; and, 'their retirement, find the means cf thrifty ? of mexpensive pleasure he accompli-haients which once but swell ed their expenses. They live the past and if that past has been we!loccuri':q, its mem ories are iiot the themes of repining, but of mental support and employment. All hon or, we say, to the graceful, refined and el egant poor, cast down, but not destroyed. Those who sneer at them, if there are any such, must be the merest vulgarians, inca pable of understanding any thing but mon ey value, or of enjoying any pleasure but the grossest kind of purchased g'.itt.T, huge feeding or drinking, or bat baric dressing Tnose are true ladies and gentlemen wno have within them treasures of mind and spirit, which no wealth can confer, and of which no reverse can deprive them. And as to the clergy, they have, or should have the first constituent of wealth the lesson which an apostle was thankful he had learned, and which any man or woman of sense may well be grateful for. Tney hate been tuughl having food and raiment, therewith tu be content. It is nut the abso lute io.it of substance which consumes large incomes; i.ut superfluities, luxuries, fashionable prodigality, and imitative ex travagance. L?t any family which has free use oi money anu uinuniieu creuu, compare their necessary i xp -use with their wh le outluy, mid they wiii be astonished at the pjuuity oi the one, contrasted with the ex travagance oi the i.ther. It is a pennyworth or '.id to n intolerable deal ot sack. Hore then is found the secret. The en- joyint-nts atid luxuries of th classes to which e have'relerred are free of charge. Edu cated people are not driven to expensive lol lies for amusement and cmpluyment of their time, ii they have a large income, it saves them the trouble of devising ways and means to gratify their tastes. They have only to desire, and the wish is gratifh-d. ilut dt-prive them of the means of graiilying! jcos,l inclina'ions. and they shape their de ("". They have resour-. cos' h'cn place th-tn above a slavish de- pentlenc- u;on money. 1 lie mac t woiu- en o: g '.d t iste. lor ihed by correct pnnci- i'les, c ui i;i!oi ettual lenjuri-e almost with mi money Lai with.-u: pric. So is it wi !i s'u.i.'iiu, a helper fir ;:e clerical or any o'er ; To e-sioli. C-o is il wi h th jse m -n of iiapin utuid, bo pu su handicr aft or commerce as a business, anj find their plctsure in art or iiier itur-.:, ut mience. They are never at a loss lor atnu.-e-ment. Educatiou is wealth to them. L places them above the need of '.he costly follies which attract' unfurnished minds, and gives them in lii-.ir intellectual resour ces a never failing supply of the nie tnsol' enlightened plea-ure. And in this we t ike it may be placed '.he great economic value of education educa tion for the masses. A reading mechanic laborer, or manufacturer, seldom becomes a charge to ;he public; never, we may say, ex cept by sickness or calamity. The simple and noble tastes which he cu tivates save for him tae money ivliicli others squander in the gratification of baser appetites. Such men live happily on incomes which -vould starve people without their mental riches. We are fully persuaded that every enlarge ment of the opportunity o! the whole people to acquire learning, and every measure ta ken to improve the popular taste, is a pre ventive of pauperism, by the influence edu cation exerts in enforcing frugality. The honest pride which leads to true indepen dence protects these who possess it from poverty. Chambers' Journal, to which we ara indebted for the hint of these sugges tions, (though the Journal pursues a train of thought somewhat different from ours") Woes o mere than justice -to the- "poor am! I,. i r . i r 1 1 . "proud" in the following remarks: 'The genteel poor! name of pity and ridi cule to many, a lavurite thems o' sarcasm among novelists and dramatists ever since modern faction arose. And yet we do se riously believe that the genteel spirit is of ten nut merely a softener o' poverty, but a means ot redemption from it. When the educated person ol't'ie middle classes is re duced to penilessn 'ss, as oiten happens in this Variable world, what is it that keeps him from sinking into and being lost in the obscure inuliuude but this spirit! what but this gives nun the des re to struggle again op the slippery slope oi fortune!" ; ol a Love's SraATAOEM " The Shippens burg (Pa.) Democrat relates a pretty iittle romance oi real life, the p.irties in which are young Germans in humble life. Two youeg men formed an attachment for two maiueus in their fatherland, and desired to marry. The young women reciprocated the tender regard, and were willing to marry the sains. But the parents were not sali.-lied with the standing ol their duighrers' lovers, and refused consent. It wns then agreed between the at ties tliat the young men should come to America, earn money t-uf- ticu nt to pay tho lure l their sw eethearts, and ill en 6end for them, the irirls acrreeiic iiiiiiiluily to follow ilicir lever. The vomit: in n imni I mi! v 'fin uei- S in,- nuiiur r. saved tiieii in i""y, : n.1 ta-t ,,' (.nt r their beirntlieil. Tlr y ciine, 'r. inpi!v, without lie rousc'H or knowledge " ih.- r parents, and a le nays Since wi re rlim d in their i;iv,,ra' anu-., ill y derondi d iroiu the cars at the Siiippensburg depot. Ascent to the Carter of Popocatepetl. From a newspaper published in the city of Mexico called The Extraordinary wecopy the subjoined account of the ascent of Mount Popocatepetl, made by Dr. S. W. Crawford, of the United States Army. The doctor was, as we are informed, preparing a second expedition to Popocatepetl, with the inten tion of snendinr a r isht ' in : tbe ' crater, of which he has promised the Extraordinary a full account. It may be proper to note, by the way, that this mountain is situated in tbe State of Puebla, ai d rises to the height of 17,716 feet above the level of the sea: ' ' , I MEXICO. January 24, 1857. Mr Dear Sir: In consequence of a po lite request tl at I would furnish you with an rccuiat.of the. aEcenaion iC fheolcan? Pa-, "poca'tepetf; "mde hy myself on "the 16th instant. I have the honor to submit tbe tollowing: Our party, originally consisting of eight, a ith servan's, dec, arrived at Amecomeca upon the evening of the 14th inst. ' Four o! our number had been ubl tred to return and another, with servants, left us at Ame- csmeca. At this poinu through the kind ness of our hospitirBle friends, we procured our guides and made the necessary arrage ments tor the ascent of the mountain. When our object become known wt were at once jiined by a number of volunteers, all anxious to accompany us to the summit. While some spoke of the season af the year and of the intense cold we might anticipate, others told us of a path to the crater made by the Indians going up and reluming with the sulphur, and assured ns that at tome seasons the ascent was by no means as dif ficult as imagined. But we found that but few of our friends had "been beyond the snow-line, and that the moun'.ain had not been ascended by even an Indian for months the working of the sulphur ceasing with the commencement of the rainy season. As we sit at night watching the moon slow ly rrs ng behind the mountains, and lighting with a ghastly glare their frozen summits, stretching away :n sublime beauty to the clouds, we felt that the task we had under taken was no light one; but there was a fas cination about the undertaking that we all felt. There, in her cold shroud, lay the Iztachihuatl, or white woman; while there, in 6ilent watch, wrapped in his icy mantle, stood the monarch of mountains of North America. An effete civilization had invest ed him with a mystery that rivalled in its poetic wiidness the mythology of the an cient Greeks. A god hid dwelt there, and for ages had controlled th; sentiments of millions. The lion heart of Cortes has iden tified it with his wondrous career, and the genius of Humboldt has consecrated it to scietice. Tbe morning dawned beautifully, and, as our arrangements were not yet completed, we rarr.uled over the Sacramento at the back the town and visited the beaulifuj grotto, upon its summit. A lovely view awaited us, unii we have rarely seen a more enchant ing spot. At Amecameca our observation? showed an ascent from the city of Mexico of some five hundred leet, and the increas ing cold assured us of the fact. At noon we took leave of our kind host and turned our horses' heads toward the mountains. We soon reached Tomacoca, a small rancho, where a good mill is in operation, turned by beautiful stream from lzlachihustl. We were here joined by a party , tniong whom ivas Dun Pablo Perez, a gentleaian who had been engaged in extracting the sulphur from the volcano, and uho had pursued the occu pation or three years. His ascents had been lrequci.t, and we felt re-astured by his resulutiou to accompany U6. Our road now was up, over sleep ascents, through the ce dars and p.nes; wild flowers of every hue grew through the tnngied shrubbery. The labor urea'.bing of our horses plainly ti Id oi the change of atmosphere, as our path gradually led us through the clustering pine trees to i lamacas. We were now ascend ing the mountain, and the rich loamy soil and ashy carih through which our path led gave evidence of the tact. By sun-duwn we arrived, much fatigued rom our day's journey, at Tlamacas, a set tlement created fur tlie convenience of these engaged in the extraction of the sulphur. Toe night waa exceedingly cold and com fortless. The thermometer stood at 28 Fuhrenneit, while our barometrical obser vations showed an ascent from Amecameca of over five thousand feet. Instead of the rest so necessary to us, we passed another disturbed night, but day at last dawned beautiful and clear, and our guides aroused us to the ascent. Our party numbered twenty, including guides and peons. We set out from Tlama cas on horseback as far as La Craz, some thousand feet above. Here, with two of my companions, I set oul on foot; the remainder rode on some distance. At tbe same time we all joined, and after our final arrange ments ol packs, &c , we grasped our spears, and, protecting our eyes from, the reflection, set out upon the snow, our guides ahead,' the Indians with our packs following. Our first start oul was steep and amid frozen snow. Tbe guides and Indians struck boldly out without spear or staQ; the rest ot us, clinging to our sno w-spear6, slow ly followed, Up we weut some eight hundred feet, when, getting in advuuce of the party, we halted tu lake breath. Respiration bad become labored and difficult, and, as I sat exhausted on the siiow, a deadly feeling akin to sea sickness came over me. Rallying, however, 1 looked around for my companions, and of all tnose who had joined us at Amscameca not cne remained. Two of my friends, with the guides, were above me shouting to us to follow. (Ju we went, slowly and tediously The difficulty of travelling increased with every step. The servants who accompanied us bad all given out, and, taking the bar ometer lrom one who had sank exhausted, I joined mv companion above. On we toiled some hundred yards further, and again we stopped to rest. Our number was now re duced tj four and ur two guides. The same sickness I had experienced was now felt by others; the oppression was extreme An angry storm swept around the brow of the mountain, end a snow-storm seemed inevit able. The cold was intense. , My compan ions cumpluined loudly ot their feet,, and so great was the suffering of one of them that 1 persuaded him to return. One only ac companied uie for a short distance, when he returned, with one guide, to follow his de scending companions. , I was now alone with une guide, and but half-way to the summit, and, as clinging to the ice, I looked down at my retreating companions and heard the shouts of those at the foot ef the moun I ' I of me my a lay is my I in to to we it to of or I of tain, I almott regfefted (hat I had not yield ed to their solicitations ia accompany them. My solitary guide now rebelled, and " I was obliged to bribe snd even threaten him, -to induce him to accompany ' me. Up, up, for what seemed an age, we clambered over the fields of frozen enow. The ascent had ' be come more and more difficult, as, break in" the ice at every step, we progressed slowly and tediously -Onre more I turned to look back from my 'dizzy height. One mis-step and inevitable destruction awaited ns in the' abyss below. Thr 'stillness of the grave was over everything, and, recoiling from the sight, I looked dbwi no more. To go" on for more than eiht or ten paces without stop ping to take rest was impossible, So rarified had the air become-' At one time, after an extraordinary exelion to, reach my guide,: fell exhaastedVand for some moments was unconscious.! The Jilood "gushed from my nostrils. Checking' ft.witn the froiert snow, rallied tfbre' on? :JHfgm4e, more isUji'piiiTit got ;fsVab'3. The sickening sensation f "bad it first' ex perienced eturned with redoubled force As I again sank exhausted on the snow a heavy weight seemed pressing upon me, and every thing appeared to grow dim again, when I was aroused by loud shouts from my guide, as standing high above me he shouted the crater I the crater !" Up, up, again I climbed, clinging to his foot-prints; one long, painful struggle more, and I san k ex hausted upon its brink. Wbat spectacle ! The ineeseant toil of eight hears, hunger and cold were alike forgotten, as, lying down upon the snow, I drank in, like a refreshing draught, the sub limity of tbe scene. The huge creater yawned in horrible vast nesa at my feet : sulphurous odors issued from every side. An awful stillness pervaded tvery thing, and looked into its depths with a feeling I never before experienced. Before me stood the southwestern side, dark and gloomy; huge rocks rose from its depths craggy and precipitioub, while far below the golden hue the burning sulphur added to the pictures que and sublime scene. I looked around and the world seemed stretched beneath feet. The lovely Valley of Mexico, with its lakes and mountains, lay like map beneath me; to the south and west the Tierra Ciliente, its hills red in' the setting sun. A misty rim of silver showed the Gulf of Mexico fare to the eastward, and the frosty top ot Orizaba rose grandly from the purple landscape. Though conversant with nature, I had never before beheid her such magnificence. To remember that sight must ever be s glory; to forget it can only occur with the general decay of the faculties. It was fast growing late, and, planting enow spear, I hung up my barometer. looked around for my guide; he had fallen asleep. Arousing him to a sense of his danger.be implored me to descend or we would be lost. Nat a foot would he return any direction, as, deaf to my entreatis to assist me to enter the crater, he protested and threatened to leave me. I descended a little distance inte the crater for some specimens of lava api bay hf,L and returned. agcin Vrouse my guide, who, exhausted from his efforts and overcome with the in tense cold, had again fallen asleep. It was now highly dangerous to stay any longer, and, carefully uking my barometrical and thermometrical measurments, I prepared descend. One more look at tbe abyss, black and dreadful in the deepening shade, one more longing gaze at the glorious pros pect as it grew more lovely in the evening twilight, and I left the scene. For awhile descended rapidly as we followed our ascending tracks, but at last they had frozen; and, aa if suddenly, the whole mountain had become a sheet of ice. It wss this that my guide had feared. The sun had now set, and darkness was fast coming on and our danger increased at every step. My guide lost me. and 1 had to make my dangeruus wav alone. The ice had now become sj hard that it was aJfrijiEt imposible t break il, and it-asas with great difficulty that my snow spear sustained my weight. Striking in in advance of me, I slid down gently its fooOnJ sustaining my weight ss I beat could while I struck into the ice in advance me.I was on thi edge of a great baracca ravine. Excited by the peril of my situ ation, 1 progressed rapidiyon. I know 'not how lung 1 waa in decendiug. At last the black -ashes appeared beneath me, and I heard the loud shouts of the guides sent to look for me"by my lriends, who thought I was l:st. One more slide and I was upon the earth The nervom excitement that bad so long sustained me was no wan exhausting depres sion followed. My guide again joined me, and we took our way towards the rancho. Near La Cruz I met my horse with the guides that my thoughtful friend Fearn had sent la search of me. In a short time was.among my friends, and with a 'hearty supper around a blazing fire my toils were forgotten. Very respectfully, yours, S. W. CRAWFORD. The Cedars of Labanon. Tiassi ffilln -'"g " f- from a letter R." S. Calhoun, missionary, in the last number of the Bibliolheca Sacra: The region of tbe cedars ten hours' ride southeast from Tripoli is not far from 7,000 feet above the level of the sea, and is sur rounded on the north, east and south by a still higher range of mountains. It is open towards the west, and looks down upon a vast mass of rugged mountains, and beyond tbem te the "great and wind sea." The cenery is most majestic and impressive. The soil in which the cedars grow, is of a limestone quality, and so exceedingly rough and stony as to be entirely unfit for the plow.. The whole region around is covered deep wku snow, usually from early in De cember, to the middle ol April. But though the suow is so abundant the cold is not so intense as, for instance, in New Eiiglund. This region around the cedars is too cold for rain, and bence almost the entire dis charge lrom the cloud is in the form ol aoow, while at the same time, as fur as I cun judgn, from the reports of the people in habiting the nearest village, tin? ice is far less than with you, thus indicating a less degrtie pf cold. .The cedars are now few in number. 1 have beep counting them tu be about four bunt'reuet Our eotutl count was three hun dred and ninety-three. Many of them are two feet, a less number three feet and even four and five feet in dii meter. Several of them are lrom six to ten feet. One that I measured this morning is forty feet in cir- lumfersnce, say two feet above the ground. A liltls higher it sends forth five immense branches, each from threa to five feet in diameter which shoot up almost perpendi- caTarly, thus,' in1 reality, constituting five trees of great size. Many of the cedars are double, and a few even treble and quadru ple; that is.from one root apparently there grow up two or" more -trees, united as one for few' fret, and their' separated by a slight divergency, thus fanning independent trunks, straight and beautiful. ' : As to the age of these trees, I do not knew that history says much. - In a chip two inches thick I 'have counted, to-day , sixty circles ; which I believe you, ho know better about -such- natters, woah' -mate equal toaixty ears.! . A tree of sir- feet in diamner, according to -this calculation, would be nearly 1,100 years ol. But as the chip alluded to Indicates a very flourish ing growth, and as the yearly increment be comes less as the tree increases in age snd size it U quite probable that a tree- of six feet in diameter may be 2,000 years old. At .-this - rate, -the -giant tree mentioned habove has probably tireasted the tempests of oue than 4Xm0 'winters rthus making, its forigin -nearly contemporary with the Pl4d, Travelers have been in the habit of cutting their names on these larger trees. One date I find as far back as 1673,' at which time, as appears, the circumference of the tree must have been nearly as great as at present. From such data as these we must inevitably refer their origin to a remote antiquity. Remarkable Escape. Fbo.ti the jiroof-shects of the "Life of Samuel Lewis," by his son, Prof. W. G W. Lewis, we take the following, found in chapter second of the volume. This work will be from the press ear'y in February, and will make a duodecimo of 410 pages price. Sl.25. Samuel Lewis, sen., was the captain of a coasting vessel, and in tbe performance of his regular trips from Maine tothe Carolina and the West Indies, was necessarily abroad a great poriion of bis time. Of course his influence was much less felt in the formation of his son's character. But those who knew familiarly both father and son, could detect a strong resemblance in the industry, the fearlessness, "the devotedness, the sttrn re solve, which characterized the latter to a remarkable degree. When be was about the age of eleven he accompanied his father on his coasting voyages; and thus his time was partially ukeu up till the year 1S13. One day, when t he vessel was riding at anchor, in Viueyaid Sound, in sight o! crew town uf Falmoutith, the jcapfciu ani crew left her in charge of the cabin boy, for this was young Samuel's position on board. While busily engaged in the performance' ofhis customary duties, he approached the side of the vessel, with his bucket, to dra w- some water. As he leaned over listlessly, his thoughts wandering away to other scenes. suddenly his feet slipped, his hands failed o! their grasp, and he fell into the sea. There w as no one in the vessel to aid him in es caping from the water, and he was too far from the land to sw im th tl.er, unless he had been an expert- and up. to this time he had never lenrned the art of swimming tt all. As soon as the fir.-t few moments of surprise were over, he looked eagerly around him for some means of escape. No rope, or chain, or oilier means of ascending to the deck of the ship was within his reach. The fure-cbains hung in their usual place, but some distance above the water. Fur first time in his lite, he swam, makiag the his wav around the vessel as well as he was able, and scanning every part within reach. Finding uj other resju.ee, stru"'Tled buck to the fore-chains, and his he nt- tempted to lay hold uf them, leaping upward as lar as he could. Failing entirely in the attempt., ho sj.iu fell back, s mu-U ex hausted as to give over tne struggle. 'lu a few moments, we lmve heard him sav, "I give up, and strove to resign myself to die. All the deeds of my short 1 le came across my mind; I tried to pray, and to lie quiet in the bauds of my heavenly Fathea. Soon my mind began to revert to my fath er's family, and, beyond all others upon eaith, to my mother. 1 thought of her grief and distress when my body should be swept ashore, or all search for it abandoned. I thought of the agony ol suspense th it would torture her wind, till it was certain that I no longer lived. And as I seemed lo see her tears and .o listen to her sighs, I resolv ed to make still another effort lor my life. I swam again to the fuie-chains. catching sight in uiy way of the fields and dwellings my native to.vn. Armed with additional resolution by audi a view, I prayed to God, earnestly as ever I prayed in my life, to aid me ill my last trial. As I came up, I ob served that the warm sun had softened in a slight degree the pitchy seams in the sides. Into these seams 1 fastened my oui p, and, raising myself as far as puis. hie out of the water, I made one bold leap, caught the chains, and was soon on the deck. But as I turned and looked down upon the water, where 1 bad so lately awaited death, I was horrified at the tijht of a monstrous shark, lashing the waves in disappotutment as he turned away from the vessel. I fell uj-on my knees iu a moment, and returned thanks to God, who had so wonderfully spared me from a death fur more dreadful than the one I.'had be:ore exjiecied." Tiie lile of a cabin boy. on board of a New Englaud sc'.uoiicr, was not very full of inciJents thut wo .U be interesting to strangers. It need on!y be added, that while he remained upon thj sea, he pre served his early faith. And as lis visited home from time to time, those interested in his religious career were rejoiced" lo find him true to his early vows. His prayeis in the social meeting are still remembered by ihe associates of his youth, w ho admired the boy for his ardent piety and unshrinking devotion to his profession. But a change was at hand, which was to remove him from til these scenes and em ployments, and introduce him to different pursuits, and higher objects, and severer labors. About the year 1798, Captain Lewis was the commander, ar.d owner in part, of a brig laden with sugar and salt from one t-f tint West India islands, and bound for Washington, North Carolina. Soon after he sailed, he was taken with the yellow lever; and before his recovery so as to resume his command, several of his men were seized with the same disorder. Eigh teen days ul'tir he lelt port.nearly every one uf his crew was keeping in a watery' grave. All that remained was a black boy, twelve years old, together with the mate, who con tinued, alter his attack, totally helpless, unable sven to turn in his berth, and indeed died the third day after they landed. Uuder these awfully-distressing circum stances, Captain Lewis undertook the task of navigating his vessel into port. His strength gradually returned, and, wi h constitution naturally good, an 1 a resolution unconquerib e, he I ersevered for seventeen days, encountering in the mean time a heavy gale, in which he was obliged to cut away all hts lower spa -a. In addition to all this, his vessel sprang a leak; and though tho amount of leakage was small at first, yet, before be was strong enough to free- the pumps, the water had reache I the salt, which speedily dissolved. A brisk movement of tae.pumps, at first, would in three' or four hours have effectually relieved the vessel; bat neither the captain nor the bay had strength sufficient for this labor, so that the water kept constantly on the advance, snd. for the last ten days of the voyage, required -j oth the survivors to work every moment they had strength to raise the brake. It would-be useless tu attempt aVetcrift on of all the sufferings uf that voyage. They lived for years in the recol'ection of the sea worn captain, who- in .after years spent many an evening in narrating the tales of biscean life to his children 'and-"graniT children. "'r " - v '-. He at last, brnu;ht his vessel Into port. Being owner in part of the cargo, he stored it in a warehouse, and having given bands for the duties, he went home to Filmouth. A few week after his arrival at the latter place, he rec-ived a letter from his agent, announcing that an unprecedented freshet had washed away Blum's wharf, and with it the whole cargs be had there stored; and, further, informing him that he w.s expected immediately to relieve his securities by for warding the amount of Ue duties. He spnea'ed to Congress where the hardship of the rase was admitted, but the relief de aUi btrroved the money and paid the buties. From the Ohio Sta te Journal. Education of Idiots. Ma. Editor: I dcubt not that many of the readers of the Journal have bet-n highly gratified to learn from reports of the pro ceedings of tbe Ohio Legislature, that Sen ator Canfield has introduced -a bill for the education of idioli? and imbecile youth." More than twenty years ago, in France, the first attempts were made to develop the powers of idiots and unfold the true relations vhich exist between the physical organiza tion of children, and their moral and int. 1 I ctual .'acuities. Tu medical science is due the credit of having demonstrated to the world by actual results, the fact that pecu liar abnormal mental tendencies, arising frcm defective physical organization, arc, in a good Legree, under the influence and con trol uf education. The questions which now most interest us, and w hich most readily suggest them selves, are, how many ic'iols have we in our Commonwealth? whut is Iheir condition'1 what are their capabilities of improvement! il ili.t i.i sin ca i be adopted fur their rlie! No enumeration. that lias yet, ten made can claim to be nea. er than an ap;iroxima lion to the true number ol id ots withiu the Stutaof Ohio. Li every commonwealth where the 'niitter has been tested, the number of idiots returned by the United Sutes census for I860, has been icr Lelow the ttue number. In tne Stale of New Turk, the United Stales census returns idiotic, I ,(44. A more recent tnd accurate enumeration gives, for that Slate, 2,800, or abuut 70 ptr cent, mure than the I nited Stat- s ccn-us. Of these about one-fourth, or 700, are under fourteen years of age, and proper subje.ts fur educati n and training. For the State cf Massachusetts, the Uui ted States ce.iMis returns idiutic, 7d. A fpecial commission appointed by the Leg islature lo a.-certaiii the true numbers, after a patient ii.vestigati -n, returned l,GaT,uran increase ever the United States ceusi.s re turns, of about 40 per rent. Tne?e statistics glte fur the S ate of New York, one idiot lor every 1 070 uf her imp utation, and fur Massachusetts, cue lur every 920 of her entire population. For Ohio, the United States cemus re turns idiotic, 1,344. Now supposii.g this enumeration lur Ohio to Lc ts nearly cor rect as those uf Newj Yutk and Massachu setts, we may add tu the above numler 40 per cent as fur Massachusetts, which will give for r.ur true nrtmbr, 1,851. Or, if we add as for New York 70 per cent., we shall h ive for our true number 2,234. But allow ing the mean of the estimates or enumera tions for New York and Massachusetts to be mure nearly the truth, and apply tbe same mide of computation to Ohio, wc must arrive at the conclusion that we have at 2,000 idiuts within the Slate ol Ohio. Again: If we allow the ratio of idiots to the entire population to be as in New York, one to 1 ,070, or as iu Massachusetts, one to 920 of her population, we must come to the same conclusion as above, that our number is no: less than 2,000. Of these, from all the means within our reach, hut especially from the recent satis fies of New York and Massachusetts, we are of the opinion that one-fourth or about five hundred, arc under 1j years of age, snd proper subjects for education and improve ment. w CONDITION OF IDIOTS. For information under this head also, we must rely mainly upon reports from the va rious asylums for the education uf idiuts. Their condition, as we were prepared tu believe, is represented by those who l.ave undertaken . their education ard iir.pruve ment, as sa l in the extreme thickening to contemplate. Human beings, mads iu fe image ol Uoil, destitute ot tnose morn anu intellectual attributes wlich disiineuirh them lrom the "brute that petisheth;" sub ject to ill most debasing passions, as in satiable gluttony and friht'ul forms f self abuse; alike insensible to kindness or re proof; so low in the scale uf hiiinaniM tjmt even maternal afftclLm is lavished iu ain upon them. "As advancing years increase their stat ure and strength, they become objects of dread or disgust, and their repulsive pres ence becomes a source ol daily humiliation. uvht which sorrowing parents and fr.ends shed unavailing tears." CAPABILITIES OF IDIOTS FOR IMPROVEMENT. It is pleasant to contemplate the fact, thnt modern phi'anthropy and science, have demonstrated the truth by actual result, that the idiot retains some latent erius ot intellect, which may be developed by pa tient culture, and that a large portion of this class uf suffering dependents, are pro per subjects for healthful discipline, that they may be employed in useful labor, and raised to a condition ui comparative iuteili crDnrc. nJ rmufort. I6 . Dr. Wilber, of the New York Asylum, for Idiots, speaks of the marked improvement in the conditicn of his pupils within th brief period of one year. . Even the pupils of the lowest grad were improving in the'r habits, in their ability to feed, dress and take care of themselves in . their senses, in their ability to observe wbat is going oa around them, and in their dispMitions and willingness 13 be controlled. In the higher grade of pupils, there was an improvement ia their language, in their deportment, in their wi.Imgness anc capa bilities for simple industrial pursuits but abore all, in the exhibition of greater self control, and an increased perception of so cial an J moral obligation. Well directed, pet severing effort will, be yond the possibility of a doubt, secure com pensating and satisfactory results.;'. ' An Amer-'can physician, writing ftsm tha institution for idiots at B rlin, tas "Oca litt'e fellow was intently and earnestly at work writing open his slate, who, for three months after bis entratct, coold not fix either his attention or his eyes upon any thing. A nother boy, considerably advanced. (we cannot say iq recovery, but in this creation or development of reason.) was en deavoring to' interest and Instruct a third, n whose face still rested the blank raid sf idioej." . ' . , .. In shurt, all experience warrants ths ex pectation that idiuts may. under prensr training srid 'education, emerge from their social, moral snd intellectual disability. ,Aa institution for the education of idists cau be put into successful- operation, and carried on partly by public sad" partly by private means. A smajl appropriation miy be applied to the education of a few well marked cases of idiocy; and a - few- other pupils, whoa friends and guardians are able, .snd willing to pay for the it education, njsy bs received at compensating ratts. If a school for the education ef idiots can at tuce be organized, il is believed (bat pay ing pupils will seek its benefits in sufficient numbers lo aid materially in defraying Its expenses, and when the financial condition uf the State shall justifv larger' appropria tions, a greater number of indigent pupils can be cared for and educated. " Does nut common justice, as well as com mon humanity, demand that something shall be done fur idiots' Are they not effectually cut off snd aim' out lrom all participation Lb the ordinary means ef education which the btate has provided for all other classes of children! And is it not, therefore, liitf duty of the Slate to provide for them an educa tional system adapted to their peculiar wants and condition, such as sbsll secure to them the highest degree of usefulness, com fort snd happiness incompatible with their limited natural endowments. Because many uf them labor under disadvantages arising from defective physical organization, so that they have but a single ray of light. shall that ray be left "to smother and diet Several of our States have already mad prevision for the educati jn of their idiotic. and others, as well as must civilized nations, are cow taking steps lo enumerate there, with a view to provide for their wants. Ws hvpe and trust Senat-r Canfield' bill will meet unit geacr-1 favor,. ai d speedily be R. J. P. The Invisible Foe. The Southern Literary yietsengr is rs possible for the followirg: One of the Professors of College at in the habit of exercising a surveillance over the students after night tall, which wss by no means agreeable to them. U& was accustomed t steal cautiousy along lis corriders of the College, and, whenever there appeared to be anything going en not prescribed m "the rul- s," he did nut hesi tate to pe?- through the key-hole, and -taka i.n i bserva iun." Some uf the students resolve-: Vt cure him of this propensity, and ihey hit upon the fo lowing expedient: In the course of their walk, they bad fre quently seen, at s neighboring farm, a black rum, which was perfectly tame, snd which had been taught to butt any one, who ap peared to chsifenge h.m by stoopii.g or bow ing Lis bead. They managed one night to entice the rain to the College, whers they secured him iu an empty and darkened rouin, aud led h m the next duv. At uirht. just before the usual time for the Professor's espionage, they turned the ram cut into the hail, having first sho-J him with pis cos af blai.ket. lid was perfectly b ack, and. of course, invisible in a drk currider. His step, also, was Eoiaelc, as Se perambulated at pleasure the wile hall. Presently, ths Professor came stealing up stairs, sn I, ua tiptue, proceeded toward a room whencs issued rather ui usujI sounds. As he stooped to apply his optic to th- key-hole of ths door, the ram, taking it as a challenge, save him a painful butt, and tumbled bim. heels over head. Pit king himseit up as s-ell as he could, in his atuuiehaien;, ho was assailed iu the rear and once more prostra ted. This amusing illustration of tha ups auddjv ns uf lit'o continued Si me minutes, till both parties made an unpremeditated descent of the stairs. The alarmed Prsfrs t r was not sufficiently hurt by his fall to disab.'e I.i in from flight, and he made tracks for his dwelling with Gilpin speed. Tha liberated animal fled, also, toward his bom. The next morning the worthy Professor was seen, at a very esrly hour, examining he floor ot the hall v.'ry closely for soma tracks which might unfold lo him the char acter of his rociurnul foe. He sought in vaiu, hjivever; and for days ths mystery rather preyed on his sptr.ts. After the graduation uf the next e'ass, he inquired of une of the baccalaureate if ha had oc: a band in the adventures of that uight, and begged him, if it were So. to ex plain to trui the n.ystery. When I he ex planation was given, the Professor wa con vulsed with liughter, and said that,. had ha discovered the juke at that time, he should have pardoned its authors, fur the matchless luu uf the thing. Ti;e Chiit that utrirs Lives. Leigh Hunt says: -These who hive lest an inlsn are never, as it were, without an infant child. They are the only perron who ia one se ise ret-iu i alway, and they furnish utiier persons wi h the aie idea. Ths) other children grow Jup to manhood, and sugar all ti e changes i.f mortality. ' This oue alone is reu.'ered aa iiuaio, Ul child. fCr !'o quill ihe pride, even oi tbe greas es!, we sh;iu!d reflect how jnuch we ow to other snd how litl! to o ir!v. ft3"Whe:i it is not dis-ricaM to b po.ir, we want fewer thinj to live in poverty with satisfaction tha i to live unjniSeently with riches. S. Ecremcn!. OCrMeutal pYasurcs r.tcr cleg; unliks finse of the bnly, they arc increased by reputation, approved uf by reflection, and strentheued enjoyment. Cou'a.-i. (rThe pr-'sperity of man lie ia this on 9 woriS Education. Convey bamanity t thi fountain of happiness, and you bestor everything; sll means of power aid great ness. (rA chancier which combinas tiia love ot duty, aud the ability t-j perform it. ia the one hose unfolding give the greatest promise cf perfection. (t5"A g ta"ts that he always looks under the marriage hc;d fur sews of that IClTV.