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(Original.) "Wine is a Mocker." BY A. E. L. Ah yea! thca ait well eatM a mocker- Wine. Of bewitching and svileral art. Ami a airena entiriitg voice is thine Aa Choa singee M the eorrow bound heart: l'THo sees how dandnt; and sparkling bright, how livid I clow in the glancing light. Bow cheer? I crown the jorom howl, O! rm light and lift to the mourning anoL D! eojne aid Wand drown rhTgnefrmme.T Awl thy epint frnn heaviness ooneT 111 free; Like aa Lethe gentle and welling flood, 111 waft thee along in fcraretfijl mood. Forgetful of the misfortune the strife Of thy cheerless, fruidee. wearisome life " Thna the trouhl'd thoa wo-"t. bat tho" hut " aong For the lithesome, youthful ami gay, Twbora aiehing.aonaw.ajorgl be long, . Bat tbeaanlight of life's merry May. O eome ye wboae light and free bnaome pant For the bewra vUcN pleaauiea unmeasured haunt. Eater Bacchus eoorts of reveling with. Where Igie mbntrnded festivity Hrtj; Unbridle desire, let pa i ion have away. And by me drive all grief and care away; Transported aoar on the winn nf delizht There all ia ravishing cheering and orient. Spank not of virtue, for aooa yoa will find Ite pleatvres are lew. insipid, confinld It aaha fife's rough pathway a pathway of thorn. I strew it with flow and sooth him that Tbaa thoo eharm'st the aool when harrowM with care. Or buoyant with !. sa and life; But alee! thy charm eoon broken, despair . Makes thy heaven of demons ri fc. As thy victim wakea from Ida at apid sleep, AD eeema dark to his burning eyea; Tboogh wretched, from God nor man may be resp E'en the favor toaymp&thiie. Be raves as be mourn his full tire to find la wine least true com fort or cheer; A mockingdevflaloneaoothshiamlnd As it save. 'Piling again ' with a leer . LornvTUg. June 30th. J7. XoracaJ watch the I it tie feet. Climbing o'er the garden wall Bounding through the busy treeu Raneing c lien shed and halL Never eonnt the moments lost. Nevermind the time it costs, little fret will go astray. Guide them, mother, while yoa may. Mother! watch the little hand.. Picking berries by the way. Making booses in the Band, Tossing up the fragrant hay. Never dare the question ask, Why to me this heavy taskr These same little hands may prove , Messengers of light and love. Mother! watch the little tengne. Prattling eloquent and wild; What ia said and -vhatis sung. By the happy, joyous c ild; Catch the word while yet unspoken: Stoo the vow while yet unbroken; This same tongue may vet proclaim Blessing in the Saviours name. Mother! watch the little heart. Beating soft and warm for vou; Wholesome lessons new impart; Keep, O keep that young heart ture. Extricating every weed. Sowing good and precious seed; Harvest rich yea then may see, . .- Ripening for eternity. Choice Miscellany. From Godey's Lady's Book, for August. THE SHADOWS WE CAST. BY T. S. ARTHUR. A child was playing with soma building blocks; and, as the mimic castle rose before bis eyea in graceful proportiors, a new plea sure swelled in bje heart. He felt himself to be the creator of a 'thing of beauty,' nod was conscious 01 a new-corn power. Arcn. wall, buttress, gateway, drawbridge, lofty tower, and battlement were all the work of i bis hands. He waa ia wonder at his own skill in thus creating, from an unseemly pile of blocks, a structure of auch rare design. Silently he stood aod gazed upon his castle with s mething of the pride of an architect wbo sees, after anoaths or years of skilfully applied labor, aome grand eonceptioi in bis art, embodied ia imperishable stone. Then be moved arouacL, viewing it on every side. It did not seem to him a toy, reaching only o few inches -is height, and covering but a quire loot or ground, bnt a real castls, lift ing itself hundreds of feet upwards towards the blae sky, and spreading wide upon the wartb its ample foundations. As the idea grvm more nd mure perfect, his strange pleasure increased. Vow be stood, with folded arms, wrapped in the overmastering illusion 'now walked slowly around, view ing the structure on all aides, and noting every minute particular and now sat down, and bent aver it with the loudness of mother blading over her child. Again he arose, purposing to obtain another and more distant w of bis wark. But bis oot jetrueJc against one ef the buttresses, and in ,eafify. with a crash, wall, tower, and bat ttletneat fell in hopeless ruin. la the room, with the boy, sat his father, faading. The crash disturbed him; and he Ottered a sharp, angry rebuke, glancing, for a moment, towards the startled child, and then returning his eyes to the attractive page before him. unconscious of the anadow he had cast upon the heart of his child. Teats came into those fair blue orbs, dancing in light a moment before. From the frowning face ot bis father, to which his glance was suddenly turned, the child looked back to the shapeleas ruins of bia eastle. Is it any wander that be bowed bis face in silence upon them, and wet them with bis tears. For more Iban five minutes, be eat as still as if sleeping; then, in a mornful kind r - ..t .Imnat nniulM.lv. hMimmpnA Wl "ill I" w. .. , ml restoring to the box. from which be had taken tbem. Ue many-shaped piecea that filly joined together, had grown into a noble building. After the box was filled, he re placed the cover, and laid it carefully upon a shelf in the closet. Poor child! That shadow . waa a deep one, and long in passing away. His mother found him, ball en hour afterwards, asleep on the floor, with cheeks flushed to an on- - asusl brightness. She knew nothing of that troubled passage in his young lite; and the father bad forgotten, in the attractions ol the' book bs read, the momentary annoyance expressed in words' and tones, with a power in them to shadow tae nean 01 nis cnna. A young wife bad busied herself for many daya ia preparing; a pleasant surprise for her husband. The work was finished at last; and now she awaited bis return, with a heart fall of warm emotions. A dressing-grown and pair of elegsntly embrodered slippers, wrought by her own skilful fingers, were the fifts witB hien ne to delight ; What s troop of pleasant fancies was ; la h.r i,Mrtt Ho-f almost impatiently, did abe wait for the eon?5 flight, which ;toiln ai .nnroach.'Ui- darkness, to - -rr . heel At lu .h. i...i tts atD of ber husband : n the passage, and her po'ses lesped with : Buttering dera's-ht. Lika a Dira up" the wing, she iln' flew do wo to meet bim timpatient for kiss t hH w aiua bar. BE D THOBURN EDITOR k rEOPBIETOR. NEYVSEKlF.rf, VOL. I, MOM u u u -j NO 30.; 'HE "WHO LOVES HOT HIS COUHTRY CAN LOVE NGTHZHG.' ST. CLAIKrfVILLE, OHIO. THURSDAY, JULY 23, 1857 TEEMS $1,50 A YEAR IN ADVANCE L WHOLE NO i)S7 The men in the world of bu-iness, few days pass without their disappointments and nernieritiea It men's business to Dear thU in a manly spirit. They form but tortion of life's discipline, and should make them stronger, braver, and more enduring Unwisely, and we may say unjustly, too many men fail to leave their business cares and troublea in their stores, worashp, or counting rooms, st the day's decline. Tbey wrap them in bundles, and carry them home to shadow their households. It waa so with the voung husband on this particular occasion The stream of business had taken an eddying whirl, and thrown his vessel backwards, instead of onwards, for a brief pace; and though it was still in the current, and disappointment had fretted nis mind severely. There was no heart-warmth in the k;s be gave bia wife, not becaose love bed failed in any degree, but because be bad let care overshadow love He drew his arm around her; but she was eonacioa of a diminished pressure in that embracing arm. Are yon not well! With wbat tender concern was the ques tion asked! Tery w. II. He might be in body, but not in mind; that was plain; for his voice waa far from being cheerful. She played and sang his favorite pieces, hoping to restore, by the charm of music. brightness to bis spirit, but she waa con scious ot ocly partial success. There was still a gravity in his manner never perceiv ed before. At tea-time, she smiled upon him so sweetly across the table, and talked to him on auch attractive themes, that the right expression returned to his countenance; and he looked aa happy as she could desire. From the tea-table, they returned to their nleaaant narlnr. And now the time bad I r . . ccme for offering her gift, and receiving the coveted reward of glad surprise, followed by sweet kisses and loving words. Was she selfish! Did she think more of her re ward than of the pleasure she would bestow! But that is questioning too closely. I will be back in a moment, she said; and, passing from the room, she went light ly np the stairs. Both tone snd manner be trayed her secret, or rather the possession ol a secret with which her husband was to be surprised. Scarcely had her loving face faded from before bis eyes, when thought returned, with a single bognd, to an un pleasant event of the day; and the waters of bia spirit were again troubled. Ha h id actuaJiy arisen, and crossed the floor once or twice, moved by a restless concern, when bia wife came back with the dressing-gown and slippers, She was trying to force her countenance into a grave expreisin, to bold back the smiles that were continually striving to break in truant circles around her lips, when a single glance a' her husband s face told ber that the spirit, driven away by the exorcism of her love, had returned again to "bia bosom. .He looked at her soberly, as she came forward.' ... . What are those!' he asked, almost coldly repressing surprise, and effecting en igno- ranee, in regard to the beautiful pr-sent she held in her hands, that he did not fee'. Tbey are for yon, dear. I made them.' "For me! Noi-.sense! What do I want with such jimcrackery! This is woman wear. Do you think I would disfigure my feet with embroidered alinp-rs, or dress up in a calico go n! Put them away, dear. Your husband is too much of a man to robe himself in gay colors, like a clown to an actor.' And he waved his hand w.th an air ol contempt. T.iere was a cold, sneering manner about bm, partly effected and partly real ihe real born of his uncomfortable alate of mind Yet he loved his sweet wife and would noi, of set purpose, have wound ed her for the world. Tbie unexpected repulse this cruel re ception of her preceni, orer which she had wrought, patiently, in golden hope, to' many days this dashing to the earth of her brim ful cup of joy, ut aa it touched her hps wan more than the fnd young wile could bear- To bide the tears that came rushing to her eyes, she turned awsy from her hus. hand: and. to conceal the sobs she had no power to rtroress, she weot almost hurriedly from the room: and, going back to the chamber from whence she had brought the present, she laid it away out of sight in closet. Then covering her face with her ands, she sat down, and strove with her self to be calm. Bui the shadow was too deep the heartache too heavy. In a little -while, her bus and followed her, and discovering, sorr.ething to his sur prise, that she was wecpingaid, m a slight ly reproving voice: 'Why, biess me! not n tears! What a silly little puss you are! Why didn't you tell me you thought of mak ing a dressing-gown and pair of s!ippers,and I would have vetoed the matter at onre! You couldn't bire me to wear such flaunting things. Come back to the parlor' he took bold of her rm, and lifted her from the chair "and sing and play fur me. 'The Dream Waltz, or 'The Tremolo,' "Dearest May, or 'The Stilly Night' are worth more to me than forty dressing-gowns, or a cargo ol embroidered slippers." Almost by force, be led her back to the parlor, and placed her on the music-stool. He selected s favorite piece, and laid it be fore ber. But tears were in her eyes; and she could not see a note. Uver the k-ys her fingers passed in skiliul lou. hes; hut, when she tried to take up the sonc, utter ance failed; and s.ibs broke lorth instead uf words. How foolish!' said the husband, in vexed tone. 'I'm surprised lat you! And he turned from the piano, and walked across the room. A little while the sad young wife remain ed where she was left thus alone, and in partial anger Then, rising, she went slow ly from the room her huDand not see King to restrain bet aod, going back to ber ehamber, sat down in darkness. The shadow which had been cast upon her spirit was very deep; and, though the bidden tsun came out'again right early, was a long time before his beams bad power to scatter the clouds that Boated in love h orison. The shadows we east! Father, bosband wife, sister brother, son, neighbor are not all casting shadowa daily, on some heart that are pining for the sunlight ol ouriaces: Wm t.. it sen vou two oiclures o: me, true nietnres. not as a mirror, but as kaleidoscope. I" U their infinitely varied relations, men and women, selnshly, thoughtlessly -from design, weakness, or ignorance are casting meir wn fuu bearte that are pining tor sunugui. a worn a look, a toLe. an act will cast a snaoov and sadden a spirit for hours snd days. Sveak kindly, act kindly, be lorgattere elf. and regards ra of others, and joa will on his ed if to ery you a Do trial care not see the and the ows a cast but few shadows along the path of life. The true gentl man is always tender of the feelings of others always watchful, let he would unintentionally always thinking. when with others, of their pleasure instead of his own. He casts but few shadows. Re gentlemen ladies, or 'n a word that includes all graces and excellencies Chris tians; for it is the Christian who casts fewest shadows of all. The Yankee Marksman. The following took place during tha Rev olutionary War. L rd Percy's regiment was about commencing to fire a the target fios'on common one dav, when an awk ard looking country boy that had overgrown his jacket and trousers cam op. "N .w.my boys, for s trial of vour skill!" said Lord Percy; imagine the mark to be a yankee and here is s guiaea lor whoever bite hit heart." Jonathan drew near to 'he trial. When first soldier fired and missed, he capped band or bis 'high and laughed immoder ately. When the second soldier fired and miased Jonathan threw up his bat and laugh again. "Why do you laugh, fellow!" said Lord Percy, crossly. To think how safe the the Yankees are, you must know," replied Jonathan. "W -y.doyou tnink yon can shoot better! "I don't know; I could try." "Give him a gun, soldier.and you may re turn the fellow's laugh," said Percy turning one of his men. Jonathan took the gun, snd looked at ev part of it carefully, and -aid. "It wnn't burst will ill Father's gun don't shine like this, but I guess it is a rather better gun." "Why do yoa guess so!" asked Percy. -Cause I know what that'll deu.and I've some doubt about this ere," replied Jona than. "But look a' here! You call this ere' mark a Yankee, and I wun't fire at a Yank ee." " Wel',yoa may call it a British regular, if please," said Percy. "Well, regular it is then. Now for free dom, as father says." . Jonathan raised his gun and fired. "There.I guess that 'ere red coat has got hole in it!" cried be turning to the sold iers. Why don't you laugh at me now as that fellow said you might!" "You awkard rases', that wa acc:dent. you think you could hit the mark again! inquired Percy. "I dont know, indeed; but I can giro it s " "Give him another gun, soldiers, and take that te clown don't shoot you. I should fear to stand betore the mark myself." "I guess you'd better try it." " Why, do you think you could hit roe!" "I don't know indeed, but I conld try it." "Fire away, then." Jonathan fired and hit the mark. "Ha! ha! ha! how father would laugt to me sho-tinAjl half gun shot . i "Why, you vascaUJoa dont think you could hit the mark at twice the present dis tance from you?" "1 don't know But I'm not afraid to "Give him another gun,soIdiera,and p. ace mark further off." Jonoth:in fired again and hit as before. "There.l guess that 'ere regular is as the irate that father says the Judge hangs un 1 he's dead, ded, dead three times dead. that's one more death than the Scrip tures speaks on." j "There is a guinea," said Percy, tossing coin to Tiim. "Is it a good one!" inquired Jonathan. ringing it on the pavement. "Good! Yes. Now clear away." "f should like to stay and see them fell kill some more Yankees." Begone! or I shtll have to put you under guard. Officer, give him a pass to Charles town, but never let him come among uur troops agnin:" h An Examination. The July Knickerbocker has the follow- ng. There is something more man an at tempt at wit in it: Class in Natural History. Take your places. Pubjert of to-days lesson! The Young Americnn. Q, Where is this animal fdund! A. In Upperlendum. Q. Can it exist in any but its native air! A. It can not thrive.except where civili zation is overgrown. Q, To wbat other species is it naarly al lied' A. The monkey. Q,. Which most resembles man! A. Some natuaalists place the Young American next to man, but by most ;t is considered inferior to the monkey. Q Describe the Young American. A. Bodv and limbs exceedingly slight head small and very erect, being light the uoat smooth and glittering in spots with the brilliancy of gold or - ems eyes usually mild and gentle in expression, though when the animal is roused they are capable of a furious glare. A striking peculiarity in the long fur or hair, which, with eome, quite covers the face, with others all hut a nar row space below the eyes. Forehead low teeth small, sharp and very white. Q. Is the Young American dangerous! A. sometimes threatening, but seldom dangerous. They retreat at once when at tacked bv man. The kind called Fortune Hunters should, however, be excepted They are keen-scented and cunning stealthy the pursuit of prey, and cruel to their victims. Q. On what does the Young American subsist! A. Or. 'Father's money' a substance well known in Uppertendum. Q. Hi the Young American any thing like the power of speech! A. When irritited, it gives utterance to low growling arund, but is usually quiet. Q. Can this creature be made uaelul to man, in any ways A. Some attempts to train him fi r use fulness have been made, but in vain they have always resulted in a loss of individual ity, and have, therelore, been abandoned Yet it is valued as a pet by ladies, who are often fond of the creature as a compan ion in their walks, and they even give it a place in their drawing-rooms; merely as play-tbing, however a It is of no use where protection is needed. Still, the Young Americans fills a place in Uppertendum which no other animal in the known world would occupy. Q. Then what appears to be the object of ita existence if it can not be rendered useful! A. The object ot" its existence is yet to be discovered, although as we are taught that nothing ismide in vain, there is doubt leas a design in the existence of the Yuung American. Q. Is the Young American ever 'con founded with ihf True American! A. Never. The True American is quite a distinct species; and is not found in Up pertendum. Perfect lessons. The class may be seated. Fortune Favors the Brave. A military officer with whom we have long been intimate, relates two incidents connected with Croghan galiasit defence at Fort Stephenson, one of' which off rds a strong positive and ihe other a stronger negative proof of the above quoted adage. As the BriiUh and Intians, in their ope rations had violated their pledge and uiie ot civlized warfare, by wantonly mnrdeiing their ptisoners, the members of Croghan, little band, (only one hundred strong with a single six pounder, and surrounded by uboui six hundred British and thrice that number of Indians,) had mutua ly agreed to stand their ground to the last, and se their lives as dearly as possible. When all was ready thi Rritish comman der dent a messenger, under a flag ol truce, to treat for a surrender of fort Crughan p'lintiag to him as he approched, exclaimed: It will not do to let bim enter here and see our weakness; and who will volunteer to meet him!' As it was pretty certain that whoever should leave the fort on such a mission would be murdered by the dastard foe, there was a brief pause when Ensign Sbipp re plied, 'I will upon one condition.' What is it.' asked the Captain. 'Pledge me your word as an officer and man of hot or, that you will keep hat gun bearing lirectly upon me, and that you will fire it off the moment you see me raise my hand. The pledge wan given, aad Shi p p went forth. To all arguments and persua sions of the enemy, bis unvarying reply was, 'I am instructed to say we defend the fort.' Soon the Indians began to surround him. One clutched his epaulette, another his sword. Sbipp who was a man of bercula- neum frame, released himself by a powerful effort, and turning to the envoy coolly said: - . Sir, I have not put myself under the potection of your truce without knowing your mode of warfare. You s e that gun,' said he pointing to their solitary six poun der. It is well loadened with grape and I ive the solemn pledge of my commander that it shall be fired at the moment that I give the signal. Therefore restrain these men and respect the lavs of war, or you shall instantly ac company me to the ether world. This was enough, Sliipp was no more molested; he returned to his comrades in safety, fought the desperate action tha t " eneueu ar.c oouinea ewmouoa .or n. or.- very. ... r , . . I he counter instance, referred to at' toe close ofthis pnragraph was told as tollows:- After the Brilii-h and Indians had with drawn, Croghan misled une man (only one) who had belonged to his liule band, and all efforts for his discovery were for sometime unsuccessful At last his remains were discovered in the garret of one of the block bouses, where he had crawled for! saiety and was cut in two by a cannon ball.' All the rest considering their chances of e not worth a thought, had only sought to their duty, and escaped a :ve from per haps the most bloody fight on recotd. The only man that was killed happened to be the only man that proved himself a coward. a -URT' I. Oswego County Pearl Fishing. Pearls have been found in Nine Mile creek, near Hal nibal. Oswego ctuuty.New York. .and great excitement exists there in j regard to them. The Oswego Times ol Saturday evening. after giving a full account ol l he luck of the pearl fishers, says: "A majority of the pearls tound are value less un account of their rough and jagg-d form. Perhaps une thousand have been ob tained that are worth sevenly-five cents each. These are regular in their form, and abont the size ol a pepper-corn. Above that size, perhaps a dozen have been 'ouud, j inly une of which exceeds the size uf a marrowfat pea. If of the desired shape and hue, these pearls are probably worth 9'0 piece. Above this size the price is almost fabulous, and the man who should find a perfect one of the size of a mukei bullet would make his fortune. The question is, whether any such pearl- can be fouud in this locality? We think it probable a few my be, from the fact that it is proved tint pearls grow here very abundantly, by the number obtained from a giv.-n quantity of muscles. If they grow at all, we see no reason why they should not attain the same size as those in New Jersey, which have been valued at from $1500 to $25,000. uf he of in to to to a Dreadful Occurence at Florence— Two Hundred Persons Killed and Wounded in a Theatre. The following are all the particulars oi the distressing occurrence at Florence which had been received by the English pa pers when the steamer sailei!: Paris, Fbidat, Joke 12. At Florence last n:ght the scenery ol the theatre caught fire during ihe performance ofthesiee of Sebastapool. A panic arose, and forty-three persons were killed and one hundred and thirtv-four wounded. The following is another account of the above calamity. Leghorn, Jure 8. Yesterday, 1 1 the the atre, des Acquedotti, during the perfor mance of a piece entitled 'The Capture ol the Nolakoff." the fireworks ignited the sce nery, and the flames spread with great rapid ity. A panic ensued, and two hundred per sons nave neen wounaeo or Killed, i ne Grand Duke came here as soon as the news reached bim, and directed thai the persons injured should be conveyed Co the hospitals. Wttt Dost. Among the first acts of the New York Police Commissioners, after the submission of Mayor Wood, was to cause the Liquor Shops to close on the Sab bath day. The order was generally piotnpl lv obeyed, i he order was at least one- seventh correct.but why not chain the dev il all the week? (7To make pantaloons last make the coat and vtst mT. From the Cincinnati Commercial. A Brief History of the Treasury of Ohio, from 1802 to 1857. BY WM T. COGGESHALL. . When flu Norih-West Territory was or ganized, 'he Territorial Secretary reported to the General Government the receipts and disbursemrnti of officers appointed to administer its affair In AuusC 1793. the Judges of the Ter ritory, wbo wire Uen law makers as well as law expounders, crtated the office nf Treasurer Geoeral, requiring that he should give .bond to the amount of four thonamid dollars. and.jrc4oriiig that a payment for ia eervic- be.might retain five per cent. oi all the moseys passing through hi hands. Ia December, 1799, the Territorinl Leg isla ure established the office of Auditor and Treasurer. The salary of "he latter was fixed at $400, and a boud of t20 000 was required uf bim. The Territorial Treasurer was John Arni-tron' His accounts were examine I by Legislative Committees, and both Terri torial and State Legislatures were iniormed that the public muneys hail not been U"fd by him without xuthonty uf law. When, iu 1802. the Slate of Ohio was ganizd. Win. MiFuriand was rinded Treasurer. He continued in ffii:e until 1816 Hs salary was at first 6400. with out any specification respecting stationery and clerk hire. The Legislature having, been called upon to provide for the payment of two or three bills of $10 each, for sta tionery, it was enacted that the salary o' the Treasurer should be $400 per annum, including stationery and clerk hire; but he was for ten or twelve yexrs allowed a small per Cent, for the disbursement of the three per cent. fund. A Legislative Committee, authorized in 1803 io investigate the Treas ury, mad the loll.Kii g stateu-ent: Taxes levied for 1802. 122.923 09 Balances ia Lands ol Coll ctors and Re ceivers, 3.114 50 $2G,C97 59 From which deduct For collection of taxes, 1S02. $1 .(504 61 Defalcations for double entries, 700 00 Fourth pirt ot tax dirccttd lo or nut mto co' niv ireaMirv. 3,lji bz Ain'lot uxalist-rlied in ivdeiup- ilon ot audited certificates, 5, (Ho 93 Audited certificates in circula tion, 1,758 00 $11,83535 Fifty per cent. oflS02, lobe returutd lo Auditor, $1,626 94 Interest on tax of 1S02. 3i" 51 Balance in Treasury, !32 71 To meet expense s of Constitutional Con vention, jiJ.apt 4 The Treasurer was required to smbmit bis books to the Legislature whenever re- rjues ed, was denied any emolument out of the use of Stale funds, and was stibji-ct to fine of Si. 000 for abuse of the trust. Mr. McFarl.ind was frequently visited by Legislative Con miners, and his accounts Mjvere always Rattfitni.tiirtf. When he be- 2Sfce-gwurcr the funds ol the Sta'e were exclusively inim taxation or lanus ' j - . , ' . ..... - . , sm trricwua piupr;i ij , uuv n ucu iivj iciuru froni'uffice (1816) the State deiived a reve nue from Banks of $5,676 76, and had a loan of 47,000 from the Miami Ixportii g Company, of $20,000 from the Bank of Mucking,,, n and $37,000 from the Bank of Chiiiiothe. Mi". McFarlind disbursed in the fiscal year of 1816, Imm the revenues that have bten mentioned, the sum o: $3'2- 475, of hich $88,527 lortned the quota fur the State of Ohio ol the direct tax le ied hy order of the General Government to pay the expenses ot the war ot 1812. In addition to the moneys thus derived, the Treasurer, under a law of 1803, receiv ed and disbursed the United States three per cent. tund. During the year 1816 th sum of $12,70 was received, and $36,031 -burs-d, leaving in the treasury when Mi Farlaiid made his last report $15, 4B5. This fund arose from the setting apart three per cent, ol all the money received from (lie sale f public lands within the State for making of roads in Ohio. Wm. M Farland was succeeded by H irum Minick Curry, who by his election was Treasurer until December 13, 1819, when was re-elected lor the term of three years. On the 5th of January, 1820, a Committee the House made a repot t that the books the Treasury were properly kept, and that the vouchers held by the Treasurer agreed with his report to the LegUla'ure. Subsequent rumors, not complimentary Mr. Cur rev, in his fficial capacity, led a 6econd report, with a "pertinent d-s-cnpiion" of all funds in the Treasury. The Auditor uf State was then authorized to examine the Treasury and report its condi tion, and a special committee was appointed examine the vaults of the Treasury. The Auditor laid a communication before the House on the 15th of Feb-uaty, showing total balance against the Treasury of $182,748 18. To following d;y (February 16th, 1820) the select committee reported that on the 11th of February they waited upon the Treasurer and requested him to lock and seal the vaults of the Treasury. The Treasurer requested a delay until 'he next day, and an arrangement was made with the Treasurer hy w hirh the rhaiiman the committee, (Mr. Mrl'onnell, of Mn kingum.) retainrd the key of the siro g chest, jn the vault, and the k-y of the out ward door, while the Treasurer retained the key of the inner vault door. When the Treasurer closed his office the C"intuitH uccup,ed the Governor's room, opposite the TregBnrv, in what has since been kn n 8 ''Rat Row" (the buildin? lately removed lr"m lligf. street, in front of the Suite House, and about to be employed in the Erection of an Asylum for Idiots, on Friend street, opposite ihe Blind Asylum ) Lest some mischief might be dons they kept close watch during the ninht. On the morning of February 12 the com mittee held a second interview with the Treasurer, when he assured the committee that he would resign his office on Monday, the 4th. An examination was, therefore, DostDoned. the committee retaining the keys of which the chairman had poxsession, and Mr. Currey keeping that of the inner vault door. On Mominy morninw the Treasurer re porter that his securities had dir-ct-d him not to resign, but upon a demand from the committee, he permitted them to examine the funds, each, the chairman and Treasurer unlocking as occasion requ red, the doors of which they respectitely held the keys. On the evening of February 16th the ex amination was completed, snd the com mittee fmind lt-.lan.-a charaed aeainst Treasurer. Jt?2 7 70 runds in the Tirarury to nwetll, 171.31 01 ' , Leaving a deficit e f 11,431 78 I j During the examination upon which this state of things was revealed, the Treasurer had resigned. Resolutions of impeachment for mal-conduct had been proposed, and in the midst of warm excitement much indig na'ion was expressed. The committee which exposed the deficit as above sta'ed, j rPC mmended that the keys of the vault be entrusted to the Governor. Their resolu tion to this effert was adopted, and with slight amendment, the Senate accepted the action of the House. tJn the 17th of February, 1820. Samuel Sullivan, then a Senator from Musk ingtim county, elected in the place of Mr. Currey. O- the 23J the select committee which had examined the Tre-'Siirv. reported that they had delivered to Mr. Sullivan the Keys of 'he vaults, and that the late Treas urer, Mr Currev. had stated in the pres ence of the Uovernoi, k.. h wag eatigfied no '-alteration" had meantime been made In the fund. and that no violence had been done to the Treasury. Before the Legislature adjourned, a reso lution was Passed instruct iner the Trpaanrer to get all thi notes and bills in the Treas ury cashed, if possible, and to secure a final settlement with H. M. Currey, authorizing a suit to be brought against him. if a settle inert could not be otherwise effected. Various loans and deposits had been au-thur-zed by law. between 180 and 1820, and rmn-dispos ible fun.'s from other sources h id accumulated in the Treasury. On the 4th of December, 1820, Mr. Sul livan reported the amount of those funds to be $33,933 08. He then stated the ob ligations in favor of the State, for anthor ized loans, to amounr lo $5,582 66, on which, in compliance wi'h the resolution of the eighteenth General Assembly, lie bad collected $333 33. Nothing hid vet been accomplished to ward a settlement with Hiram M. Currey and on the 20th .f December, 18i0, a com mittee was appointed by the House of Rep resentatives, instructed to demand of Hiram M Currey to show cause why he should not pay the deficit with w hich he stood charged. Ihe Auditor had reported that, upon finnl calculation, the deficit was found to be $1 1,1 11 G9. The committee addressed a letter of in quiry to Mr. Currey. He responded that he did not stand a public defaulter lo the amount reported by the Auditor; cl.-iimed that the investigation committee had bpen too hasty; cjiarged that they had not tnken proper pains to guard the Treasury while thpy had charge of the keys; admitted a de ficit, but before God declared that if it did not arise from inaccurate accounts and from the exchange of depreciated paper he could not tell the cause. He so'icited further in vestigatinn of his accounts, was willing to make any reasonable sacrifice to have the 'unlortunate business adjusted," stating that he had three lots in Columbus, and a small farm in Chumpaign c unty, which he would cheerfully appropriate to the dis charge of any just balances Cue the Slate. These statements of Mr. Currey weie re ported to the house, and th committee re sponded to them that after a candid and full examination of the whr.Ie eunject, -it was their opinion no alternative remained for the State short of p'acing the bond of Mr Currey in suit. A resolution authorizing a prose cution against Mr Currey and his sureties was the fallowing dav adopted in the House, and wa ' immediately accepted by tie Sen ate. On the 29th of January, 1821. a committee reported that the Treasury was probably in debt $30,000, a :d that about that ?um over and above the ordinary revenue would be rrqnirp4 in that year, to meet which, the S'ate had Dnft from IT. M. Cnmr. SjH.lll.FO SnndrT i'-aiviifiiAlji for loans. 6 .5-9 16 Peprf-cta-ri) naiier amounting tn SiO.OOP, of which real Ti ne wu 15,000 00 S'-'O.SM SS To meet the deficiency exposed bv the Committee, a loan of 20 000 was recom mended and authorized. Loans and transfers from one hand to anurher, and from banks and from individ uals have treq lent'v been authorized since tLat period. Their history, amount or char acter need not here be traced. Contingent bonds, were, in 1820, a nw feature' o' public expense. Mr. Sullivan reported in 1821 a 'contingent expenditure of 44.01, The salary of the Treasurer was then I 000. and his bonds were 50.000. The settlement of Mr Currey's accoun's, or rather eff rts to secure a satisfactory set tlement, caused considerable ex itement in a the 22d. 231 and 24th General Assemblies, but transfers of property were fin illy accep ted, and suits which hnd been instituted against him and agaii st his securities were ordcied to be diseun'inued. Mr. Curry hav ing paid the principal of the sum due. the Auditer of State was. on the 14th of Febru ary, 1S24 t'irerted to relense the partier upon the payment by them of all costs u hich had accrued before July 30th, 132 2. discl.ar gin Gurrey tni securities from all claims for interest upon the deficit which had been reported Some tribulation was occs'oi ed in thi Treasury on accoun of difficulties riin mil of a tax t-n the branches o the Unit-d States Bank in Ohio i,m -niinj to ovw On . 000. anp In 18S2 Snnmel Sullivan the Teas u-er, as taken into custody. w-Vle Ui i ed States rffieers removed fro'" 'le Treasury the procerils- ot thp tax. upo which t';. tv hud bt en an injunc tion !-r nie lime, and which had been kept scpan-.te mm o her fnH9 Tlnw who ar at all f-nil r ith the history of the State need not be toll that ou' Legislators were obliged, by decis ion in the U. S Courts, to forego any rev enue bv taxation upon the tranches of the Federal Bank. Minor troubles were, fratn t'me to time, occasioned by depreciated paper, and the failure of the Miami Exporting.the Urban Banking, and other companies, to repay de posita and redeem their r.otes, but no cir cumstances occasioned an extra examina tion of the Treasury until 1847. with the exception ot a robbery in 1S27. On the night of the sixth of May, in that year, (Henry Brown, Treasurer.) the person who was employed to watch the Treasury at nighi, being absent, the vaults were broken into and $12,657 91 were abstracted The Treasurer was active in the investi gatioRoftht circumstances attending the rohbery, ar.d by the peculiar detective inge- nui'y of oce of the officers employed, suspi cion was rightly direeted. A citizen of Co lumbus, not betore suspected of ruscalitv. was arrested and 5-11,627 6'i of the stolen funds. (9 979 in bank hills, end 1.633 66 in specie) were recovered, leaving a deficit of I 030 43, which the Leg l I'nre ordered to be p ta- d to the credit o' the Treason r, to- gether with the coats ot the suit by wh.ch tha robbex had been convicted, M-hrn I iucuuuir, aa ins onani Oecame . morr ar .: . i r complicated the income .from the School bonds having grown large a canal furio hav ng been created in 1824 the surplu revenue irom me United States having in 1836 required management aiTS appropria tion, the Penit ntiarv eivine and receiving luiins, and other institutions requiring sp ur., priations and disbursement various laws were enacted changing and enhancing the reasu -er's r-n ns iii'itje. a-H- thrwiof tguarda around the disposal and disbursement ot public money. I .. .jfla - o f ... u a ocii ue committee had recom meiid d the eMau'-shment of o fiscal year, nJ ihe 15 o Nevember was declared (bv a law p issed on the 19th of January) to be the period up u which in each year, the Auditor should rondT account but it was not until 1H31 th it any authorized assistant waa oiv- en to me l reasurer.-Tm? -r:aury has now .hree Clerks, besides the Bank Register It had only one from 1831 uli47. Before inquiring into the difiteulties which occasioned an extra investigation of tne ireaaury in 1847, it will bt interesting to consider same tabular statements which expose the responsibilities and reward of Treasurer's at different periods. I present first a STATEMENT OF FUNDS IN THE TREASURY DIFFERENT PERIODS. Amount disbursed " Balance in Trea- durin? the S.ir n, lirwm Years. FieaF Year. Annual Bi,ri It". 26.09760 r7i leoi. (t.Hti4 30 t.h vi ISO. 16.407 15 ii vj J8U5. 22.036 10 yi 21 1810. 31.494 !6 to 271.400 72 5.033 53 125 257.742 47 M-v41 63i 313 43 91 1IH-7A1 ISiS. 1,896.637 M 232 S64 20 ISii. 4.216.164 24 RN iV7!a,.i Ktf. 4,bL740 44 350MS5P it win not be overlooked that the funds in 1815 eqceeded those of 1823. This ap pears very strange without explanation. It is accounted for by the fact that in 1815 Ohio paid $177,055 24 direct tax to the Lni ed States leaving $92,345 43 as the money raised for herojtn purposes. 1 o statement of the bonds and salaries of treasurers between 1792 and 1857,1 now invite attention. Whoever studies it with a knowledge of political movements Jin Ohio, may reid therefrom political history that is tuteresiin DIFFERENT PERIODS. SALARIES AND BONDS OF OHIO TREASURERS. Am'oiTit Annual Amount of Salaries Bunda. - i per cent 40fl Sll.lHXl 41)0 sn.rv.G 4".t 5J.W1 Sfi lO.tWt con io.iw TOO 50.0111 I.rao 50,one l.u-jc jso.iiim rtm iw.ouc HS S'lll.lK !,M0 " S.-4I.UiO 730 ' ISO.UIIO I ooi) ssr.nwi I.SG0 2J0,MK Data. I"9. MB. M'S. 109. HU. ists. lf"t. lf0. !ft!4. ll. 117. IMi. If IS. IHSi. Bv the Ljislatrjre of 1845-S. a Commit tee was appointed to investigate the financi al operation? of the Board of Public Works. Thit Committee made a Voluminous report to the succeedinaicgisUtore (184C-7.) It was uncomoromizing and eaused wide spread pol'tical exciterrent. The General Assem b!y which received it, probably to offset its political influence the' Board of Public Works being Democratic ordered an in quest upon the Treasury, Joseph Whitehiil, Whig beinrr Treasurer. The Treasury Committee sat during the summer of 1847, and renorted to the Legis lature which met in December of that year. The investigation was thoroush, and the re port temperate and candid. It made an ex posi ion of State Finances, and complained vigorously of a careless and irresponsible svstem of book-keeping practiced in the Treasury. A A. Bliss succeeded Mr. Whitehiil. An apparent deficit if 6.000 was then ex prsed. Mr. Whitehiil claimed that he had paid a note to the Franklin Bank ef Colum bus for the state for that sum which noc hav ing been recognized on the Auditor's B ok by means of a certified warrant, had not been pussed to his credit. Various unsuc cessful attempts to adjust this claim were marie bv Mr Whiteha'l but it was not ac complished until after the Finance Com mittee appointed in April,1856.had reported! to the second session nf the rifty seconi General Assembly (1857.) That Commit tee expressed fnll conviction that Mr Whitehiil hail been unjustly held responsi ble, and credit for 6,000 was ordered to be made in his favor on the books of the Trea sury. We invite attention to a statement of city has the the but out bat REPORTED DEFICITS IN THE OHIO TREASURY. When Ascertained Amount 1S1M. lt.ltl (9 i47 .rvin co 1RV!. 65.0PO 00 ISVi SIM.63S 77 1857." W?.-21 The Finance Con-mittee of IS56 first of the deficit we made public the detnils charg. ed ao-ainst A A. Biiss. Mr. Bresiin, ho succeeded him protected Mr. Bliss from ex posure .by the manner in which he made his reports and BVss secured Bresiin rrom loss. He finely paid to the State (in 1856) all the money W whieh he did not account he left ffire in 1S53. Bresiin' oVfki (1S.5S) was alleged by him to have ben y faiHwr- of partes with whom he had depocitej. CitvPmU f Cincinnati, 7!..11 M p.,,.,,1 ft clipi o- D-ivt..n 7P' 43 W W.Cpn-e en.Cincinnati, 47.li" It Cm. fenktolrrfo. W71 23 TV.tr,! 77 Bp-kel has paid into the Treasury $10. 000. It is understood that th- claim against him has been secured by mortgage on prop erty. T ascertain whether the other sums can be recovcred,eiiits arraipst BIr. Bretlin's securities were ordered by the last Legisla ture. Wm. H. Gibson was elected Treasurer in the place of John G. Bresiin, in the fill of I3A6. The Treasury under his rotitr.-I was subjected to the investigation of a Sena'e Financial Committee in the winter of 185S. was examined by a joint (special) Financial Committee in tho summer ol 1836, and was examined by the Auditor in the winter of. IS57 all of which failed to expose official newlect or miseonJuct on the part of the Treasurer. The investigations led however to strin gent laws, impo-ing checks on this Treas ury, and authorizing special examinations under the direction of the Governor and the Auditor. In spite of suspicions and of investiga tions. Mr. Gibson maintained the credit of the Treasury, and his own official standing until a draft had been made upon him to meet the July interest. On the 13th of June. 187, he acknowledged a deficit of 40 .2 at. arising he declared from defal- cations, of John G. BresUa, jwfcich he bad aoncealtd. Mr. Gibson was immediately constrained to resign. A. P. Stone, of Columbus, was appointed in bis place; sod an examination of the treasury at once required by tha Gov rnor. The peculiar cirenmatancea attending Mr. Gibson's lesignatioo the present condition of iheTjeasury the facts respecting any mal-administration or breach of trust by John G. Bresiin are being investigated by the Examiner, whom the Governor has ap pointed, and no attempt need bere ba mide to anticipate bia developments. A proper conclasion to this outline of Treasury history is to state the names ari terms of Ohio Treasurers: REPORTED DEFICITS IN THE OHIO TREASURY. THE TREA URES AND THEIR TERMS OF OFFICE. Names of Treasurers. Terms of office. Job. Arm. Iron.. 17W 1TO Wm. MeFwlaad. Hiram M. Carrey. Bunuel Snlliv .a, Henry Brown. Joaeph Whitehilt, A. A.Blia. Jobs 6. Bretlla, . Wm. H. Gibaoa, A P Stona, lPoiio laia istoteioa 1SSS to 1834 1814 to V47 184? W Wi 1H5S to 185 ISJSU18M 1U7 to lki. REPORTED DEFICITS IN THE OHIO TREASURY. THE TREA URES AND THEIR TERMS OF OFFICE. To the Tax Payers of Belmont County, Ohio. To the Editor of th Belmont Chronieh: Believing that the recent financial Report of bs Countv Commissioners, does aot eonvey t vour minds as satisfactory a view of tha real fi nancial condition ef the County as yoa might desire, Iteke the Liberty of giving yoo an exhi bit of the state of the Treasury from tha time I took charge uf it, oatil the recent Jane settle ment, which was had with the Commtaaloaera. RECEIPTS. I one io, low tu transferred to'me by tli Treasurer 14,4-4-JuH- 26th there wu paid to ma for tba Treasurer 13 4 The entire collections made on the d-i-pliraU for l&it for all purposes desig nated thereon 83,370 43 The am't pd. by purchase of See. H 4,757 45 Am t ol interest on see. is paia cy uis State " of Fines and costs collected Int. froa Sec. U Harrison eo. " " " Jefferson co. 3,618 9T iUS 47 738 ?t 4J4 41 Principal and Interest of Sur plus Keren QecoUec tea " Road Damage collected 44 fchow License collected " Pedlar's License " Tavern "do. " Ferry do. " Jury Fees collected " Auction duties Store permit? " Delinquent Tax collected after settlement " Miscellaneous items tmid 134 T3 149 V0 110 AO u to 23 Ot) 90 00 00 i S3 irs 07 43 33 " Srate Common School Fund 50,444 7 Taxes refunded by Stcta 123 8l " Treasurer's mileage 19 2i Totatal amount Dr. (129,149 49 EXPENDITURES. There was paid out by me ia redemptira of county orders. $15,441 31 " " Eoad Fond paid out isJJ 1,414 31 ' ' Bail Road Fund paid out is 7,105 34 " , " Bridge Funds paid ont is 790 34 Old orders county fund redeemed 18 05 " " Corporation fund paid out 735 33 " " Jury fees pail out 7! 10 " " Township funds paid out 4.BSS 7S " ' Foor Funds paid out 3,675 4 . " " School Funds paid out 40,775 01 " " Paid State on account of State Tax collected en Duplicateof 18SS 37,581 05 a Delinquencies of 1S55 collected on dupli cate of '56 p.I. State 874 89 . Pedlar's License paid to State 107 Zi " " Show License paid to . State 95 00 Principal of Section 19 - '. " paid to Bute 5,939 tS Treasurer's mile.-ige to Cvlnmbus and back 10 2 Treasurer's fees for 185 to June 5, '57 1,430 31 Balance of Cash in the Treasury, and counted carefully by the cocnty Commissioners 10,111 10 Account balanced $129,140 40 From the foregoing exhibit job will see- fellow psyers, that I haw banestly discharged my whole duty net one eent of the public funds hare eilber been lost or misused. The fees com ing to the legal Treasurer, are in my haads, and they were handledand counted bytbo Commis sioners except i60a, which 1 retained sudor my contract as Deputy Tre&surlr for tha very hari yearwork I hv passed through. WILLIAM BOOKER, Deputy Treasurer of said County. Walker's Men. 'Gexeeal' Walker wss in New York July 2d. He !e!t next morning for Charleston, S. C, July 3d. From Charles ton be goes to Nashvi lie, then to New Or leans, and then we hops to some hone.-t manual labor. The New York Times, in noticing the arrival in that city ef one hun dred and forty of Walker's men, bat week, the following: 'It is difficult tn describe, condition of the remnant of Walker's army. Such worda as skeleton and a;are crow fail short of tha reality. The skie covered Ihe bones Ike tight parchment, snJ sun of Nicaragua hud tanned that parch ment brown. Large feverish eyes protruded hollow spaces that once were cheeks, now were cheeks inverted cups, and prutuberances. All was in match, noses pinched, lips thin.chias lean, and arms,Iegs, chest, and whole 'body corporate, co-p.irate with that ghastly phyiogncmy. There wera ourae a little superior to this in appearance, they were few in number. We stiil spe,.k of the rank and file. The officers either had not suffered so much or bora their sufferings better. And the dresses of these unfortunates corresponded with their physi appearance. Many had shirts coarse as eackc:oths,b-jt ui-t a few were without shirts. Stockings formed no part of their wardrobe. Their shoes mere most beyond mending. A tnm, ragged coat.anJ a pair of canvas pants ompli'ted thrirauire. Of woe-begone men never saw such specimens before. Curious Sequel to the Great Divorce Case. The Dalton Divorce ease in Boston.whieh lurnisheJ such a tund of spicy go -sip and scandal, has been followed by a singular ev.-ut, witnin a few days nothing less thau the e!open,ent of the parties. Either Mr. Dilron had e'oped with Mrs. Diltin, or Mrs. Da lion had eloped with Mr. DA on;at any rate t.1-y have gone together they couid n. t stand apart, 'after a!I wss said,' and the Utiier of the lady has made, ir is aiiuut to make, logil application for author ity to pursue and recover his daughter. Tha father professes fear of personal injury to his daughter, but his fears are, itbout doubt, groundless. It is a happy setllcmei.t of si miserable dispute, and the father akou'd ba satisfied with it, a we have no doubt h e daughter is. A RrsAWAT Rivsa.-A DrsmTtnTow. The Xtbrasl. iin of the first inst. de scribes a flagrant outrage upon "squatter sovereignty" as having been perpetrated by the Missouri, in the vicmity of Pe St.. Washington co., in that Territory. The ic gorged in the bend of the river, a fvw aiilea above that town, and the' water ,witb a crim inal disregard of the interests ol Da Soto and her terrey priveleges, took a' short eut across the bend, forcing a channel near Calhoun, Iowa and ranking Da Soto an in and town of Nebraska, soraofouror fiva miles from the river, lo tha infinite, disgust ol the inhabitants of that city. By this ar rangement a few thousand acres of land wiil be added to tha already extensive do mains of Nebraska. Suxssa. The London papers announca 31r. Sumner's arrival ia that city. His health although improved m yet tar from what i- should b.