"Wine is a Mocker."
BY A. E. L.
Ah yea! thca ait well eatM a mocker- Wine.
Of bewitching and svileral art.
Ami a airena entiriitg voice is thine
Aa Choa singee M the eorrow bound heart:
l'THo sees how dandnt; and sparkling bright,
how livid I clow in the glancing light.
Bow cheer? I crown the jorom howl,
O! rm light and lift to the mourning anoL
D! eojne aid Wand drown rhTgnefrmme.T
Awl thy epint frnn heaviness ooneT 111 free;
Like aa Lethe gentle and welling flood,
111 waft thee along in fcraretfijl mood.
Forgetful of the misfortune the strife
Of thy cheerless, fruidee. wearisome life "
Thna the trouhl'd thoa wo-"t. bat tho" hut
For the lithesome, youthful ami gay,
Twbora aiehing.aonaw.ajorgl be long,
. Bat tbeaanlight of life's merry May.
O eome ye wboae light and free bnaome pant
For the bewra vUcN pleaauiea unmeasured haunt.
Eater Bacchus eoorts of reveling with.
Where Igie mbntrnded festivity Hrtj;
Unbridle desire, let pa i ion have away.
And by me drive all grief and care away;
Transported aoar on the winn nf delizht
There all ia ravishing cheering and orient.
Spank not of virtue, for aooa yoa will find
Ite pleatvres are lew. insipid, confinld
It aaha fife's rough pathway a pathway of thorn.
I strew it with flow and sooth him that
Tbaa thoo eharm'st the aool when harrowM with
Or buoyant with !. sa and life;
But alee! thy charm eoon broken, despair
. Makes thy heaven of demons ri fc.
As thy victim wakea from Ida at apid sleep,
AD eeema dark to his burning eyea;
Tboogh wretched, from God nor man may be resp
E'en the favor toaymp&thiie.
Be raves as be mourn his full tire to find
la wine least true com fort or cheer;
As it save. 'Piling again ' with a leer .
LornvTUg. June 30th. J7.
XoracaJ watch the I it tie feet.
Climbing o'er the garden wall
Bounding through the busy treeu
Raneing c lien shed and halL
Never eonnt the moments lost.
Nevermind the time it costs,
little fret will go astray.
Guide them, mother, while yoa may.
Mother! watch the little hand..
Picking berries by the way.
Making booses in the Band,
Tossing up the fragrant hay.
Never dare the question ask,
Why to me this heavy taskr
These same little hands may prove ,
Messengers of light and love.
Mother! watch the little tengne.
Prattling eloquent and wild;
What ia said and -vhatis sung.
By the happy, joyous c ild;
Catch the word while yet unspoken:
Stoo the vow while yet unbroken;
This same tongue may vet proclaim
Blessing in the Saviours name.
Mother! watch the little heart.
Beating soft and warm for vou;
Wholesome lessons new impart;
Keep, O keep that young heart ture.
Extricating every weed.
Sowing good and precious seed;
Harvest rich yea then may see,
. .- Ripening for eternity.
From Godey's Lady's Book, for August.
THE SHADOWS WE CAST.
BY T. S. ARTHUR.
A child was playing with soma building
blocks; and, as the mimic castle rose before
bis eyea in graceful proportiors, a new plea
sure swelled in bje heart. He felt himself
to be the creator of a 'thing of beauty,' nod
was conscious 01 a new-corn power. Arcn.
wall, buttress, gateway, drawbridge, lofty
tower, and battlement were all the work of i
bis hands. He waa ia wonder at his own
skill in thus creating, from an unseemly pile
of blocks, a structure of auch rare design.
Silently he stood aod gazed upon his castle
with s mething of the pride of an architect
wbo sees, after anoaths or years of skilfully
applied labor, aome grand eonceptioi in bis
art, embodied ia imperishable stone. Then
be moved arouacL, viewing it on every side.
It did not seem to him a toy, reaching only
o few inches -is height, and covering but a
quire loot or ground, bnt a real castls, lift
ing itself hundreds of feet upwards towards
the blae sky, and spreading wide upon the
wartb its ample foundations. As the idea
grvm more nd mure perfect, his strange
pleasure increased. Vow be stood, with
folded arms, wrapped in the overmastering
illusion 'now walked slowly around, view
ing the structure on all aides, and noting
every minute particular and now sat down,
and bent aver it with the loudness of
mother blading over her child. Again he
arose, purposing to obtain another and more
distant w of bis wark. But bis oot
jetrueJc against one ef the buttresses, and in
,eafify. with a crash, wall, tower, and bat
ttletneat fell in hopeless ruin.
la the room, with the boy, sat his father,
faading. The crash disturbed him; and he
Ottered a sharp, angry rebuke, glancing, for
a moment, towards the startled child, and
then returning his eyes to the attractive page
before him. unconscious of the anadow he
had cast upon the heart of his child. Teats
came into those fair blue orbs, dancing in
light a moment before. From the frowning
face ot bis father, to which his glance was
suddenly turned, the child looked back to
the shapeleas ruins of bia eastle. Is it any
wander that be bowed bis face in silence
upon them, and wet them with bis tears.
For more Iban five minutes, be eat as
still as if sleeping; then, in a mornful kind
r - ..t .Imnat nniulM.lv. hMimmpnA
Wl "ill I" w. .. ,
ml restoring to the box. from which be had
taken tbem. Ue many-shaped piecea that
filly joined together, had grown into a noble
building. After the box was filled, he re
placed the cover, and laid it carefully upon
a shelf in the closet.
Poor child! That shadow . waa a deep
one, and long in passing away. His mother
found him, ball en hour afterwards, asleep
on the floor, with cheeks flushed to an on-
- asusl brightness. She knew nothing of that
troubled passage in his young lite; and the
father bad forgotten, in the attractions
the' book bs read, the momentary annoyance
expressed in words' and tones, with a power
in them to shadow tae nean 01 nis cnna.
A young wife bad busied herself for many
daya ia preparing; a pleasant surprise for her
husband. The work was finished at last;
and now she awaited bis return, with a heart
fall of warm emotions. A dressing-grown
and pair of elegsntly embrodered slippers,
wrought by her own skilful fingers, were
the fifts witB hien ne to delight
; What s troop of pleasant fancies was
; la h.r i,Mrtt Ho-f almost impatiently, did
abe wait for the eon?5 flight, which
;toiln ai .nnroach.'Ui- darkness, to
At lu .h. i...i tts atD of ber husband
: n the passage, and her po'ses lesped with
: Buttering dera's-ht. Lika a Dira up"
wing, she iln' flew do wo to meet
timpatient for kiss t hH w aiua bar.
D THOBURN EDITOR k rEOPBIETOR.
NEYVSEKlF.rf, VOL. I,
u u u -j
'HE "WHO LOVES HOT HIS COUHTRY CAN LOVE NGTHZHG.'
ST. CLAIKrfVILLE, OHIO. THURSDAY, JULY 23,
TEEMS $1,50 A YEAR IN ADVANCE
L WHOLE NO i)S7
The men in the world of bu-iness, few
days pass without their disappointments and
nernieritiea It men's business to Dear
thU in a manly spirit. They form but
tortion of life's discipline, and should make
them stronger, braver, and more enduring
Unwisely, and we may say unjustly, too
many men fail to leave their business cares
and troublea in their stores, worashp, or
counting rooms, st the day's decline. Tbey
wrap them in bundles, and carry them home
to shadow their households.
It waa so with the voung husband on this
particular occasion The stream of business
had taken an eddying whirl, and thrown his
vessel backwards, instead of onwards, for a
brief pace; and though it was still in the
current, and disappointment had fretted nis
mind severely. There was no heart-warmth
in the k;s be gave bia wife, not becaose
love bed failed in any degree, but because
be bad let care overshadow love He drew
his arm around her; but she was eonacioa
of a diminished pressure in that embracing
Are yon not well!
With wbat tender concern was the ques
Tery w. II.
He might be in body, but not in mind;
that was plain; for his voice waa far from
She played and sang his favorite pieces,
hoping to restore, by the charm of music.
brightness to bis spirit, but she waa con
scious ot ocly partial success. There was
still a gravity in his manner never perceiv
ed before. At tea-time, she smiled upon
him so sweetly across the table, and talked
to him on auch attractive themes, that the
right expression returned to his countenance;
and he looked aa happy as she could desire.
From the tea-table, they returned to their
nleaaant narlnr. And now the time bad
I r . .
ccme for offering her gift, and receiving the
coveted reward of glad surprise, followed by
sweet kisses and loving words. Was she
selfish! Did she think more of her re
ward than of the pleasure she would bestow!
But that is questioning too closely.
I will be back in a moment, she said;
and, passing from the room, she went light
ly np the stairs. Both tone snd manner be
trayed her secret, or rather the possession
ol a secret with which her husband was to
be surprised. Scarcely had her loving face
faded from before bis eyes, when thought
returned, with a single bognd, to an un
pleasant event of the day; and the waters
of bia spirit were again troubled. Ha h id
actuaJiy arisen, and crossed the floor once
or twice, moved by a restless concern, when
bia wife came back with the dressing-gown
and slippers, She was trying to force her
countenance into a grave expreisin, to
bold back the smiles that were continually
striving to break in truant circles around her
lips, when a single glance a' her husband s
face told ber that the spirit, driven away by
the exorcism of her love, had returned again
to "bia bosom. .He looked at her soberly, as
she came forward.' ... .
What are those!' he asked, almost coldly
repressing surprise, and effecting en igno-
ranee, in regard to the beautiful pr-sent she
held in her hands, that he did not fee'.
Tbey are for yon, dear. I made them.'
"For me! Noi-.sense! What do I want
with such jimcrackery! This is woman
wear. Do you think I would disfigure my
feet with embroidered alinp-rs, or dress up
in a calico go n! Put them away, dear.
Your husband is too much of a man to robe
himself in gay colors, like a clown to an
actor.' And he waved his hand w.th an air
ol contempt. T.iere was a cold, sneering
manner about bm, partly effected and partly
real ihe real born of his uncomfortable
alate of mind Yet he loved his sweet wife
and would noi, of set purpose, have wound
ed her for the world.
Tbie unexpected repulse this cruel re
ception of her preceni, orer which she had
wrought, patiently, in golden hope, to' many
days this dashing to the earth of her brim
ful cup of joy, ut aa it touched her hps
wan more than the fnd young wile could
bear- To bide the tears that came rushing
to her eyes, she turned awsy from her hus.
hand: and. to conceal the sobs she had no
power to rtroress, she weot almost hurriedly
from the room: and, going back to the
chamber from whence she had brought the
present, she laid it away out of sight in
closet. Then covering her face with her
ands, she sat down, and strove with her
self to be calm. Bui the shadow was too
deep the heartache too heavy.
In a little -while, her bus and followed
her, and discovering, sorr.ething to his sur
prise, that she was wecpingaid, m a slight
ly reproving voice: 'Why, biess me! not
n tears! What a silly little puss you are!
Why didn't you tell me you thought of mak
ing a dressing-gown and pair of s!ippers,and
I would have vetoed the matter at onre!
You couldn't bire me to wear such flaunting
things. Come back to the parlor' he took
bold of her rm, and lifted her from the
chair "and sing and play fur me. 'The
Dream Waltz, or 'The Tremolo,' "Dearest
May, or 'The Stilly Night' are worth more
to me than forty dressing-gowns, or a cargo
ol embroidered slippers."
Almost by force, be led her back to the
parlor, and placed her on the music-stool.
He selected s favorite piece, and laid it be
fore ber. But tears were in her eyes; and
she could not see a note. Uver the k-ys
her fingers passed in skiliul lou. hes; hut,
when she tried to take up the sonc, utter
ance failed; and s.ibs broke lorth instead uf
How foolish!' said the husband, in
vexed tone. 'I'm surprised lat you! And
he turned from the piano, and walked across
A little while the sad young wife remain
ed where she was left thus alone, and in
partial anger Then, rising, she went slow
ly from the room her huDand not see King
to restrain bet aod, going back to ber
ehamber, sat down in darkness.
The shadow which had been cast upon
her spirit was very deep; and, though the
bidden tsun came out'again right early,
was a long time before his beams bad power
to scatter the clouds that Boated in love
The shadows we east! Father, bosband
wife, sister brother, son, neighbor are
not all casting shadowa daily, on some heart
that are pining for the sunlight ol ouriaces:
Wm t.. it sen vou two oiclures o: me,
true nietnres. not as a mirror, but as
kaleidoscope. I" U their infinitely varied
relations, men and women, selnshly,
thoughtlessly -from design, weakness, or
ignorance are casting meir wn fuu
bearte that are pining tor sunugui. a worn
a look, a toLe. an act will cast a snaoov
and sadden a spirit for hours snd days.
Sveak kindly, act kindly, be lorgattere
elf. and regards ra of others, and joa will
cast but few shadows along the path of life.
The true gentl man is always tender of the
feelings of others always watchful, let
he would unintentionally always thinking.
when with others, of their pleasure instead
of his own. He casts but few shadows.
Re gentlemen ladies, or 'n a word that
includes all graces and excellencies Chris
tians; for it is the Christian who casts
fewest shadows of all.
The Yankee Marksman.
The following took place during tha Rev
olutionary War. L rd Percy's regiment
was about commencing to fire a the target
fios'on common one dav, when an awk
ard looking country boy that had overgrown
his jacket and trousers cam op. "N .w.my
boys, for s trial of vour skill!" said Lord
Percy; imagine the mark to be a yankee
and here is s guiaea lor whoever bite hit
Jonathan drew near to 'he trial. When
first soldier fired and missed, he capped
band or bis 'high and laughed immoder
ately. When the second soldier fired and
miased Jonathan threw up his bat and laugh
"Why do you laugh, fellow!" said Lord
To think how safe the the Yankees are,
you must know," replied Jonathan.
"W -y.doyou tnink yon can shoot better!
"I don't know; I could try."
"Give him a gun, soldier.and you may re
turn the fellow's laugh," said Percy turning
one of his men.
Jonathan took the gun, snd looked at ev
part of it carefully, and -aid. "It wnn't
burst will ill Father's gun don't shine like
this, but I guess it is a rather better gun."
"Why do yoa guess so!" asked Percy.
-Cause I know what that'll deu.and I've
some doubt about this ere," replied Jona
than. "But look a' here! You call this ere'
mark a Yankee, and I wun't fire at a Yank
ee." " Wel',yoa may call it a British regular, if
please," said Percy.
"Well, regular it is then. Now for free
dom, as father says." .
Jonathan raised his gun and fired.
"There.I guess that 'ere red coat has got
hole in it!" cried be turning to the sold
iers. Why don't you laugh at me now as that
fellow said you might!"
"You awkard rases', that wa acc:dent.
you think you could hit the mark again!
"I dont know, indeed; but I can giro it s
"Give him another gun, soldiers, and take
that te clown don't shoot you. I should
fear to stand betore the mark myself."
"I guess you'd better try it."
" Why, do you think you could hit roe!"
"I don't know indeed, but I conld try it."
"Fire away, then."
Jonathan fired and hit the mark.
"Ha! ha! ha! how father would laugt to
me sho-tinAjl half gun shot . i
"Why, you vascaUJoa dont think you
could hit the mark at twice the present dis
tance from you?"
"1 don't know But I'm not afraid to
"Give him another gun,soIdiera,and p. ace
mark further off."
Jonoth:in fired again and hit as before.
"There.l guess that 'ere regular is as the
irate that father says the Judge hangs un
1 he's dead, ded, dead three times dead.
that's one more death than the Scrip
tures speaks on." j
"There is a guinea," said Percy, tossing
coin to Tiim.
"Is it a good one!" inquired Jonathan.
ringing it on the pavement.
"Good! Yes. Now clear away."
"f should like to stay and see them fell
kill some more Yankees."
Begone! or I shtll have to put you under
guard. Officer, give him a pass to Charles
town, but never let him come among uur
The July Knickerbocker has the follow-
ng. There is something more man an at
tempt at wit in it:
Class in Natural History. Take your
places. Pubjert of to-days lesson!
The Young Americnn.
Q, Where is this animal fdund!
A. In Upperlendum.
Q. Can it exist in any but its native air!
A. It can not thrive.except where civili
zation is overgrown.
Q, To wbat other species is it naarly al
A. The monkey.
Q,. Which most resembles man!
A. Some natuaalists place the Young
American next to man, but by most ;t is
considered inferior to the monkey.
Q Describe the Young American.
A. Bodv and limbs exceedingly slight
head small and very erect, being light the
uoat smooth and glittering in spots with the
brilliancy of gold or - ems eyes usually
mild and gentle in expression, though when
the animal is roused they are capable of a
furious glare. A striking peculiarity in the
long fur or hair, which, with eome, quite
covers the face, with others all hut a nar
row space below the eyes. Forehead low
teeth small, sharp and very white.
Q. Is the Young American dangerous!
A. sometimes threatening, but seldom
dangerous. They retreat at once when at
tacked bv man. The kind called Fortune
Hunters should, however, be excepted
They are keen-scented and cunning stealthy
the pursuit of prey, and cruel to their
Q. On what does the Young American
A. Or. 'Father's money' a substance
well known in Uppertendum.
Q. Hi the Young American any thing
like the power of speech!
A. When irritited, it gives utterance to
low growling arund, but is usually quiet.
Q. Can this creature be made uaelul to
man, in any ways
A. Some attempts to train him fi r use
fulness have been made, but in vain they
have always resulted in a loss of individual
ity, and have, therelore, been abandoned
Yet it is valued as a pet by ladies, who
are often fond of the creature as a compan
ion in their walks, and they even give it a
place in their drawing-rooms; merely as
play-tbing, however a It is of no use where
protection is needed. Still, the Young
Americans fills a place in Uppertendum
which no other animal in the known world
Q. Then what appears to be the object
of ita existence if it can not be rendered
A. The object ot" its existence is yet to
be discovered, although as we are taught
that nothing ismide in vain, there is doubt
leas a design in the existence of the Yuung
Q. Is the Young American ever 'con
founded with ihf True American!
A. Never. The True American is quite
a distinct species; and is not found in Up
pertendum. Perfect lessons. The class may be seated.
Fortune Favors the Brave.
A military officer with whom we have
long been intimate, relates two incidents
connected with Croghan galiasit defence
at Fort Stephenson, one of' which off rds
a strong positive and ihe other a stronger
negative proof of the above quoted adage.
As the BriiUh and Intians, in their ope
rations had violated their pledge and uiie
ot civlized warfare, by wantonly mnrdeiing
their ptisoners, the members of Croghan,
little band, (only one hundred strong with
a single six pounder, and surrounded by
uboui six hundred British and thrice that
number of Indians,) had mutua ly agreed to
stand their ground to the last, and se
their lives as dearly as possible.
When all was ready thi Rritish comman
der dent a messenger, under a flag ol truce,
to treat for a surrender of fort Crughan
p'lintiag to him as he approched, exclaimed:
It will not do to let bim enter here and see
our weakness; and who will volunteer to
As it was pretty certain that whoever
should leave the fort on such a mission
would be murdered by the dastard foe, there
was a brief pause when Ensign Sbipp re
plied, 'I will upon one condition.'
What is it.' asked the Captain.
'Pledge me your word as an officer and
man of hot or, that you will keep hat gun
bearing lirectly upon me, and that you will
fire it off the moment you see me raise my
hand. The pledge wan given, aad Shi p p
went forth. To all arguments and persua
sions of the enemy, bis unvarying reply
was, 'I am instructed to say we defend the
Soon the Indians began to surround him.
One clutched his epaulette, another his
sword. Sbipp who was a man of bercula-
neum frame, released himself by a powerful
effort, and turning to the envoy coolly
said: - .
Sir, I have not put myself under the
potection of your truce without knowing
your mode of warfare. You s e that gun,'
said he pointing to their solitary six poun
der. It is well loadened with grape and I
ive the solemn pledge of my commander
that it shall be fired at the moment that I
give the signal.
Therefore restrain these men and respect
the lavs of war, or you shall instantly ac
company me to the ether world.
This was enough, Sliipp was no more
molested; he returned to his comrades in
safety, fought the desperate action tha t
eneueu ar.c oouinea ewmouoa .or n. or.-
very. ... r , . .
I he counter instance, referred
to at' toe
close ofthis pnragraph was told as tollows:-
After the Brilii-h and Indians had with
drawn, Croghan misled une man (only one)
who had belonged to his liule band, and all
efforts for his discovery were for sometime
unsuccessful At last his remains were
discovered in the garret of one of the
block bouses, where he had crawled for!
and was cut in two by a cannon
All the rest considering
their chances of
e not worth a thought, had only sought to
their duty, and escaped a :ve from per
haps the most bloody fight on recotd. The
only man that was killed happened to be
the only man that proved himself a
Oswego County Pearl Fishing.
Pearls have been found in Nine Mile
creek, near Hal nibal. Oswego ctuuty.New
York. .and great excitement exists there in j
regard to them.
The Oswego Times ol Saturday evening.
after giving a full account ol l he luck of the
pearl fishers, says:
"A majority of the pearls tound are value
less un account of their rough and jagg-d
form. Perhaps une thousand have been ob
tained that are worth sevenly-five cents
each. These are regular in their form, and
abont the size ol a pepper-corn. Above
that size, perhaps a dozen have been 'ouud, j
inly une of which exceeds the size uf a
marrowfat pea. If of the desired shape and
hue, these pearls are probably worth 9'0
piece. Above this size the price is almost
fabulous, and the man who should find a
perfect one of the size of a mukei bullet
would make his fortune. The question is,
whether any such pearl- can be fouud in
this locality? We think it probable a few
my be, from the fact that it is proved tint
pearls grow here very abundantly, by the
number obtained from a giv.-n quantity of
muscles. If they grow at all, we see no
reason why they should not attain the same
size as those in New Jersey, which have
been valued at from $1500 to $25,000.
Dreadful Occurence at Florence—
Two Hundred Persons Killed
and Wounded in a Theatre.
The following are all the particulars oi
the distressing occurrence at Florence
which had been received by the English pa
pers when the steamer sailei!:
Paris, Fbidat, Joke 12. At Florence
last n:ght the scenery ol the theatre caught
fire during ihe performance ofthesiee of
Sebastapool. A panic arose, and forty-three
persons were killed and one hundred and
The following is another account of the
Leghorn, Jure 8. Yesterday, 1 1 the the
atre, des Acquedotti, during the perfor
mance of a piece entitled 'The Capture ol
the Nolakoff." the fireworks ignited the sce
nery, and the flames spread with great rapid
ity. A panic ensued, and two hundred per
sons nave neen wounaeo or Killed, i ne
Grand Duke came here as soon as the news
reached bim, and directed thai the persons
injured should be conveyed Co the hospitals.
Wttt Dost. Among the first acts of
the New York Police Commissioners, after
the submission of Mayor Wood, was to
cause the Liquor Shops to close on the Sab
bath day. The order was generally piotnpl
lv obeyed, i he order was at least one-
seventh correct.but why not chain the dev
il all the week?
(7To make pantaloons last make the
coat and vtst mT.
From the Cincinnati Commercial.
A Brief History of the Treasury
of Ohio, from 1802 to 1857.
BY WM T. COGGESHALL.
. When flu Norih-West Territory was or
ganized, 'he Territorial Secretary reported
to the General Government the receipts
and disbursemrnti of officers appointed to
administer its affair
In AuusC 1793. the Judges of the Ter
ritory, wbo wire Uen law makers as well
as law expounders, crtated the office nf
Treasurer Geoeral, requiring that he should
give .bond to the amount of four thonamid
dollars. and.jrc4oriiig that a payment for
ia eervic- be.might retain five per cent.
oi all the moseys passing through hi hands.
Ia December, 1799, the Territorinl Leg
isla ure established the office of Auditor
and Treasurer. The salary of "he latter
was fixed at $400, and a boud of t20 000
was required uf bim.
The Territorial Treasurer was John
Arni-tron' His accounts were examine I
by Legislative Committees, and both Terri
torial and State Legislatures were iniormed
that the public muneys hail not been U"fd
by him without xuthonty uf law.
When, iu 1802. the Slate of Ohio was
ganizd. Win. MiFuriand was rinded
Treasurer. He continued in ffii:e until
1816 Hs salary was at first 6400. with
out any specification respecting stationery
and clerk hire. The Legislature having,
been called upon to provide for the payment
of two or three bills of $10 each, for sta
tionery, it was enacted that the salary o'
the Treasurer should be $400 per annum,
including stationery and clerk hire; but he
was for ten or twelve yexrs allowed a small
per Cent, for the disbursement of the three
per cent. fund. A Legislative Committee,
authorized in 1803 io investigate the Treas
ury, mad the loll.Kii g stateu-ent:
Taxes levied for 1802. 122.923 09
Balances ia Lands ol Coll ctors and Re
ceivers, 3.114 50
From which deduct
For collection of taxes, 1S02. $1 .(504 61
Defalcations for double entries, 700 00
Fourth pirt ot tax dirccttd lo
or nut mto co' niv ireaMirv. 3,lji bz
Ain'lot uxalist-rlied in ivdeiup-
ilon ot audited certificates, 5, (Ho 93
Audited certificates in circula
tion, 1,758 00
Fifty per cent. oflS02, lobe returutd lo
Auditor, $1,626 94
Interest on tax of 1S02. 3i" 51
Balance in Treasury, !32 71
To meet expense s of Constitutional Con
vention, jiJ.apt 4
The Treasurer was required to smbmit
bis books to the Legislature whenever re-
rjues ed, was denied any emolument out of
the use of Stale funds, and was stibji-ct to
fine of Si. 000 for abuse of the trust.
Mr. McFarl.ind was frequently visited
by Legislative Con miners, and his accounts
Mjvere always Rattfitni.tiirtf. When he be-
2Sfce-gwurcr the funds ol the Sta'e were
exclusively inim taxation or lanus
' j - . , ' . ..... - . ,
sm trricwua piupr;i ij , uuv n ucu iivj iciuru
froni'uffice (1816) the State deiived a reve
nue from Banks of $5,676 76, and had a
loan of 47,000 from the Miami Ixportii g
Company, of $20,000 from the Bank of
Mucking,,, n and $37,000 from the Bank of
Chiiiiothe. Mi". McFarlind disbursed in
the fiscal year of 1816, Imm the revenues
that have bten mentioned, the sum o: $3'2-
475, of hich $88,527 lortned the quota fur
the State of Ohio ol the direct tax le ied
hy order of the General Government to pay
the expenses ot the war ot 1812.
In addition to the moneys thus derived,
the Treasurer, under a law of 1803, receiv
ed and disbursed the United States three
per cent. tund. During the year 1816 th
sum of $12,70 was received, and $36,031
-burs-d, leaving in the treasury when
Mi Farlaiid made his last report $15,
4B5. This fund arose from the setting apart
three per cent, ol all the money received
from (lie sale f public lands within the
State for making of roads in Ohio.
Wm. M Farland was succeeded by H irum
Minick Curry, who by his election was
Treasurer until December 13, 1819, when
was re-elected lor the term of three
On the 5th of January, 1820, a Committee
the House made a repot t that the books
the Treasury were properly kept, and
that the vouchers held by the Treasurer
agreed with his report to the LegUla'ure.
Subsequent rumors, not complimentary
Mr. Cur rev, in his fficial capacity, led
a 6econd report, with a "pertinent d-s-cnpiion"
of all funds in the Treasury. The
Auditor uf State was then authorized to
examine the Treasury and report its condi
tion, and a special committee was appointed
examine the vaults of the Treasury.
The Auditor laid a communication before
the House on the 15th of Feb-uaty, showing
total balance against the Treasury of
$182,748 18. To following d;y (February
16th, 1820) the select committee reported
that on the 11th of February they waited
upon the Treasurer and requested him to
lock and seal the vaults of the Treasury.
The Treasurer requested a delay until 'he
next day, and an arrangement was made
with the Treasurer hy w hirh the rhaiiman
the committee, (Mr. Mrl'onnell, of Mn
kingum.) retainrd the key of the siro g
chest, jn the vault, and the k-y of the out
ward door, while the Treasurer retained the
key of the inner vault door. When the
Treasurer closed his office the C"intuitH
uccup,ed the Governor's room, opposite the
TregBnrv, in what has since been kn n
8 ''Rat Row" (the buildin? lately removed
lr"m lligf. street, in front of the Suite
House, and about to be employed in the
Erection of an Asylum for Idiots, on Friend
street, opposite ihe Blind Asylum ) Lest
some mischief might be dons they kept
close watch during the ninht.
On the morning of February 12 the com
mittee held a second interview with the
Treasurer, when he assured the committee
that he would resign his office on Monday,
the 4th. An examination was, therefore,
DostDoned. the committee retaining the keys
of which the chairman had poxsession, and
Mr. Currey keeping that of the inner vault
On Mominy morninw the Treasurer re
porter that his securities had dir-ct-d him
not to resign, but upon a demand from the
committee, he permitted them to examine
the funds, each, the chairman and Treasurer
unlocking as occasion requ red, the doors
of which they respectitely held the keys.
On the evening of February 16th the ex
amination was completed, snd the com
lt-.lan.-a charaed aeainst Treasurer. Jt?2 7 70
runds in the Tirarury to nwetll, 171.31 01
Leaving a deficit e
f 11,431 78
During the examination upon which this
state of things was revealed, the Treasurer
had resigned. Resolutions of impeachment
for mal-conduct had been proposed, and in
the midst of warm excitement much indig
na'ion was expressed. The committee
which exposed the deficit as above sta'ed,
j rPC mmended that the keys of the vault be
entrusted to the Governor. Their resolu
tion to this effert was adopted, and with
slight amendment, the Senate accepted the
action of the House.
tJn the 17th of February, 1820. Samuel
Sullivan, then a Senator from Musk ingtim
county, elected in the place of Mr.
Currey. O- the 23J the select committee
which had examined the Tre-'Siirv. reported
that they had delivered to Mr. Sullivan the
Keys of 'he vaults, and that the late Treas
urer, Mr Currev. had stated in the pres
ence of the Uovernoi, k.. h wag eatigfied
no '-alteration" had meantime been made In
the fund. and that no violence had been
done to the Treasury.
Before the Legislature adjourned, a reso
lution was Passed instruct iner the Trpaanrer
to get all thi notes and bills in the Treas
ury cashed, if possible, and to secure a final
settlement with H. M. Currey, authorizing
a suit to be brought against him. if a settle
inert could not be otherwise effected.
Various loans and deposits had been au-thur-zed
by law. between 180 and 1820,
and rmn-dispos ible fun.'s from other sources
h id accumulated in the Treasury.
On the 4th of December, 1820, Mr. Sul
livan reported the amount of those funds
to be $33,933 08. He then stated the ob
ligations in favor of the State, for anthor
ized loans, to amounr lo $5,582 66, on
which, in compliance wi'h the resolution of
the eighteenth General Assembly, lie bad
collected $333 33.
Nothing hid vet been accomplished to
ward a settlement with Hiram M. Currey
and on the 20th .f December, 18i0, a com
mittee was appointed by the House of Rep
resentatives, instructed to demand of Hiram
M Currey to show cause why he should not
pay the deficit with w hich he stood charged.
Ihe Auditor had reported that, upon finnl
calculation, the deficit was found to be
$1 1,1 11 G9.
The committee addressed a letter of in
quiry to Mr. Currey. He responded that he
did not stand a public defaulter lo the
amount reported by the Auditor; cl.-iimed
that the investigation committee had bpen
too hasty; cjiarged that they had not tnken
proper pains to guard the Treasury while
thpy had charge of the keys; admitted a de
ficit, but before God declared that if it did
not arise from inaccurate accounts and from
the exchange of depreciated paper he could
not tell the cause. He so'icited further in
vestigatinn of his accounts, was willing to
make any reasonable sacrifice to have the
'unlortunate business adjusted," stating
that he had three lots in Columbus, and a
small farm in Chumpaign c unty, which he
would cheerfully appropriate to the dis
charge of any just balances Cue the Slate.
These statements of Mr. Currey weie re
ported to the house, and th committee re
sponded to them that after a candid and full
examination of the whr.Ie eunject, -it was
their opinion no alternative remained for the
State short of p'acing the bond of Mr Currey
in suit. A resolution authorizing a prose
cution against Mr Currey and his sureties
was the fallowing dav adopted in the House,
and wa ' immediately accepted by tie Sen
ate. On the 29th of January, 1821. a committee
reported that the Treasury was probably in
debt $30,000, a :d that about that ?um over
and above the ordinary revenue would be
rrqnirp4 in that year, to meet which, the
Dnft from IT. M. Cnmr.
SnndrT i'-aiviifiiAlji for loans.
6 .5-9 16
Peprf-cta-ri) naiier amounting tn SiO.OOP, of
which real Ti ne wu 15,000 00
To meet the deficiency exposed bv the
Committee, a loan of 20 000 was recom
mended and authorized.
Loans and transfers from one hand to
anurher, and from banks and from individ
uals have treq lent'v been authorized since
tLat period. Their history, amount or char
acter need not here be traced.
Contingent bonds, were, in 1820, a nw
feature' o' public expense. Mr. Sullivan
reported in 1821 a 'contingent expenditure
of 44.01, The salary of the Treasurer was
then I 000. and his bonds were 50.000.
The settlement of Mr Currey's accoun's,
or rather eff rts to secure a satisfactory set
tlement, caused considerable ex itement in
the 22d. 231 and 24th General Assemblies,
but transfers of property were fin illy accep
ted, and suits which hnd been instituted
against him and agaii st his securities were
ordcied to be diseun'inued. Mr. Curry hav
ing paid the principal of the sum due. the
Auditer of State was. on the 14th of Febru
ary, 1S24 t'irerted to relense the partier
upon the payment by them of all costs u hich
had accrued before July 30th, 132 2. discl.ar
gin Gurrey tni securities from all claims
for interest upon the deficit which had been
Some tribulation was occs'oi ed in thi
Treasury on accoun of difficulties riin
mil of a tax t-n the branches o the Unit-d
States Bank in Ohio i,m -niinj to ovw On .
000. anp In 18S2 Snnmel Sullivan the Teas
u-er, as taken into custody. w-Vle Ui i ed
States rffieers removed fro'" 'le Treasury
the procerils- ot thp tax. upo which t';. tv
hud bt en an injunc tion !-r nie lime, and
which had been kept scpan-.te mm o her
fnH9 Tlnw who ar at all f-nil r ith
the history of the State need not be toll
that ou' Legislators were obliged, by decis
ion in the U. S Courts, to forego any rev
enue bv taxation upon the tranches of the
Minor troubles were, fratn t'me to time,
occasioned by depreciated paper, and the
failure of the Miami Exporting.the Urban
Banking, and other companies, to repay de
posita and redeem their r.otes, but no cir
cumstances occasioned an extra examina
tion of the Treasury until 1847. with the
exception ot a robbery in 1S27. On the
night of the sixth of May, in that year,
(Henry Brown, Treasurer.) the person who
was employed to watch the Treasury at
nighi, being absent, the vaults were broken
into and $12,657 91 were abstracted
The Treasurer was active in the investi
gatioRoftht circumstances attending the
rohbery, ar.d by the peculiar detective inge-
nui'y of oce of the officers employed, suspi
cion was rightly direeted. A citizen of Co
lumbus, not betore suspected of ruscalitv.
was arrested and 5-11,627 6'i of the stolen
funds. (9 979 in bank hills, end 1.633 66 in
specie) were recovered, leaving a deficit of
I 030 43, which the Leg l I'nre ordered to
be p ta- d to the credit o' the Treason r, to-
gether with the coats ot the suit by wh.ch
tha robbex had been convicted,
iucuuuir, aa ins onani Oecame . morr
ar .: . i r
complicated the income .from the School
bonds having grown large a canal furio
hav ng been created in 1824 the surplu
revenue irom me United States having in
1836 required management aiTS appropria
tion, the Penit ntiarv eivine and receiving
luiins, and other institutions requiring sp
ur., priations and disbursement various laws
were enacted changing and enhancing the
reasu -er's r-n ns iii'itje. a-H- thrwiof
tguarda around the disposal and disbursement
ot public money.
I .. .jfla - o f ...
u a ocii ue committee had recom
meiid d the eMau'-shment of o fiscal year,
nJ ihe 15 o Nevember was declared (bv a
law p issed on the 19th of January) to be the
period up u which in each year, the Auditor
should rondT account but it was not until
1H31 th it any authorized assistant waa oiv-
en to me l reasurer.-Tm? -r:aury has now
.hree Clerks, besides the Bank Register
It had only one from 1831 uli47.
Before inquiring into the difiteulties
which occasioned an extra investigation of
tne ireaaury in 1847, it will bt interesting
to consider same tabular statements which
expose the responsibilities and reward of
Treasurer's at different periods.
I present first a
STATEMENT OF FUNDS IN THE TREASURY
Amount disbursed " Balance in Trea-
durin? the S.ir n, lirwm
Years. FieaF Year. Annual Bi,ri
It". 26.09760 r7i
leoi. (t.Hti4 30 t.h vi
ISO. 16.407 15 ii vj
J8U5. 22.036 10 yi 21
1810. 31.494 !6 to
271.400 72 5.033 53
125 257.742 47 M-v41
63i 313 43 91 1IH-7A1
ISiS. 1,896.637 M 232 S64 20
ISii. 4.216.164 24 RN iV7!a,.i
Ktf. 4,bL740 44 350MS5P
it win not be overlooked that the funds
in 1815 eqceeded those of 1823. This ap
pears very strange without explanation. It
is accounted for by the fact that in 1815
Ohio paid $177,055 24 direct tax to the
Lni ed States leaving $92,345 43 as the
money raised for herojtn purposes.
1 o statement of the bonds and salaries of
treasurers between 1792 and 1857,1 now
invite attention. Whoever studies it with a
knowledge of political movements Jin Ohio,
may reid therefrom political history that is
DIFFERENT PERIODS. SALARIES AND BONDS OF OHIO TREASURERS.
Am'oiTit Annual Amount of
Salaries Bunda. -
i per cent 40fl
!,M0 " S.-4I.UiO
730 ' ISO.UIIO
I ooi) ssr.nwi
Bv the Ljislatrjre of 1845-S. a Commit
tee was appointed to investigate the financi
al operation? of the Board of Public Works.
Thit Committee made a Voluminous report
to the succeedinaicgisUtore (184C-7.) It
was uncomoromizing and eaused wide spread
pol'tical exciterrent. The General Assem
b!y which received it, probably to offset its
political influence the' Board of Public
Works being Democratic ordered an in
quest upon the Treasury, Joseph Whitehiil,
Whig beinrr Treasurer.
The Treasury Committee sat during the
summer of 1847, and renorted to the Legis
lature which met in December of that year.
The investigation was thoroush, and the re
port temperate and candid. It made an ex
posi ion of State Finances, and complained
vigorously of a careless and irresponsible
svstem of book-keeping practiced in the
A A. Bliss succeeded Mr. Whitehiil.
An apparent deficit if 6.000 was then ex
prsed. Mr. Whitehiil claimed that he had
paid a note to the Franklin Bank ef Colum
bus for the state for that sum which noc hav
ing been recognized on the Auditor's B ok
by means of a certified warrant, had not
been pussed to his credit. Various unsuc
cessful attempts to adjust this claim were
marie bv Mr Whiteha'l but it was not ac
complished until after the Finance Com
mittee appointed in April,1856.had reported!
to the second session nf the rifty seconi
General Assembly (1857.) That Commit
tee expressed fnll conviction that Mr
Whitehiil hail been unjustly held responsi
ble, and credit for 6,000 was ordered to be
made in his favor on the books of the Trea
We invite attention to a statement of
REPORTED DEFICITS IN THE OHIO TREASURY.
When Ascertained Amount
1S1M. lt.ltl (9
i47 .rvin co
1RV!. 65.0PO 00
ISVi SIM.63S 77
The Finance Con-mittee of IS56 first
of the deficit
made public the detnils charg.
ed ao-ainst A A. Biiss. Mr. Bresiin, ho
succeeded him protected Mr. Bliss from ex
posure .by the manner in which he made his
reports and BVss secured Bresiin rrom loss.
He finely paid to the State (in 1856) all
the money W whieh he did not account
he left ffire in 1S53.
Bresiin' oVfki (1S.5S) was alleged by
him to have ben y faiHwr-
of partes with whom he had depocitej.
CitvPmU f Cincinnati, 7!..11 M
p.,,.,,1 ft clipi o- D-ivt..n 7P' 43
W W.Cpn-e en.Cincinnati, 47.li" It
Cm. fenktolrrfo. W71 23
Bp-kel has paid into the Treasury $10.
000. It is understood that th- claim against
him has been secured by mortgage on prop
erty. T ascertain whether the other sums
can be recovcred,eiiits arraipst BIr. Bretlin's
securities were ordered by the last Legisla
ture. Wm. H. Gibson was elected Treasurer in
the place of John G. Bresiin, in the fill of
I3A6. The Treasury under his rotitr.-I was
subjected to the investigation of a Sena'e
Financial Committee in the winter of 185S.
was examined by a joint (special) Financial
Committee in tho summer ol 1836, and was
examined by the Auditor in the winter of.
IS57 all of which failed to expose official
newlect or miseonJuct on the part of the
The investigations led however to strin
gent laws, impo-ing checks on this Treas
ury, and authorizing special examinations
under the direction of the Governor and the
In spite of suspicions and of investiga
tions. Mr. Gibson maintained the credit of
the Treasury, and his own official standing
until a draft had been made upon him to
meet the July interest. On the 13th of
June. 187, he acknowledged a deficit of
40 .2 at. arising he declared from defal-
cations, of John G. BresUa, jwfcich he bad
Mr. Gibson was immediately constrained
to resign. A. P. Stone, of Columbus, was
appointed in bis place; sod an examination
of the treasury at once required by tha Gov
The peculiar cirenmatancea attending Mr.
Gibson's lesignatioo the present condition
of iheTjeasury the facts respecting any
mal-administration or breach of trust by
John G. Bresiin are being investigated by
the Examiner, whom the Governor has ap
pointed, and no attempt need bere ba mide
to anticipate bia developments.
A proper conclasion to this outline of
Treasury history is to state the names ari
terms of Ohio Treasurers:
REPORTED DEFICITS IN THE OHIO TREASURY. THE TREA URES AND THEIR TERMS OF OFFICE.
Names of Treasurers. Terms of office.
Job. Arm. Iron.. 17W 1TO
Hiram M. Carrey.
Bunuel Snlliv .a,
Jobs 6. Bretlla, .
Wm. H. Gibaoa,
A P Stona,
1SSS to 1834
1814 to V47
184? W Wi
1H5S to 185
1U7 to lki.
REPORTED DEFICITS IN THE OHIO TREASURY. THE TREA URES AND THEIR TERMS OF OFFICE. To the Tax Payers of Belmont
To the Editor of th Belmont Chronieh:
Believing that the recent financial Report of
bs Countv Commissioners, does aot eonvey t
vour minds as satisfactory a view of tha real fi
nancial condition ef the County as yoa might
desire, Iteke the Liberty of giving yoo an exhi
bit of the state of the Treasury from tha time I
took charge uf it, oatil the recent Jane settle
ment, which was had with the Commtaaloaera.
I one io, low tu transferred to'me by tli
26th there wu paid to ma for tba
Treasurer 13 4
The entire collections made on the d-i-pliraU
for l&it for all purposes desig
nated thereon 83,370 43
The am't pd. by purchase of See. H 4,757 45
Am t ol interest on see. is paia cy uis
" of Fines and costs collected
Int. froa Sec. U Harrison eo.
" " " Jefferson co.
Principal and Interest of Sur
plus Keren QecoUec tea
" Road Damage collected
44 fchow License collected
" Pedlar's License
" Tavern "do.
" Ferry do.
" Jury Fees collected
" Auction duties
" Delinquent Tax collected after
" Miscellaneous items tmid
" Srate Common School Fund 50,444 7
Taxes refunded by Stcta 123 8l
" Treasurer's mileage 19 2i
Totatal amount Dr.
There was paid out by me ia redemptira of
county orders. $15,441 31
" " Eoad Fond paid out isJJ 1,414 31
' ' Bail Road Fund paid
out is 7,105 34
" , " Bridge Funds paid ont is 790 34
Old orders county fund
redeemed 18 05
" " Corporation fund paid out 735 33
" " Jury fees pail out 7! 10
" " Township funds paid
out 4.BSS 7S
" ' Foor Funds paid out 3,675 4
. " " School Funds paid out 40,775 01
" " Paid State on account
of State Tax collected
en Duplicateof 18SS 37,581 05
a Delinquencies of 1S55
collected on dupli
cate of '56 p.I. State 874 89
. Pedlar's License paid
to State 107 Zi
" " Show License paid to
. State 95 00
Principal of Section 19
- '. " paid to Bute 5,939 tS
Treasurer's mile.-ige to Cvlnmbus and back 10 2
Treasurer's fees for 185 to June 5, '57 1,430 31
Balance of Cash in the Treasury, and
counted carefully by the cocnty
Commissioners 10,111 10
Account balanced $129,140 40
From the foregoing exhibit job will see- fellow
psyers, that I haw banestly discharged my
whole duty net one eent of the public funds
hare eilber been lost or misused. The fees com
ing to the legal Treasurer, are in my haads, and
they were handledand counted bytbo Commis
sioners except i60a, which 1 retained sudor my
contract as Deputy Tre&surlr for tha very hari
yearwork I hv passed through.
Deputy Treasurer of said County.
'Gexeeal' Walker wss in New York
July 2d. He !e!t next morning for
Charleston, S. C, July 3d. From Charles
ton be goes to Nashvi lie, then to New Or
leans, and then we hops to some hone.-t
manual labor. The New York Times, in
noticing the arrival in that city ef one hun
dred and forty of Walker's men, bat week,
the following: 'It is difficult tn describe,
condition of the remnant of Walker's
army. Such worda as skeleton and a;are
crow fail short of tha reality. The skie
covered Ihe bones Ike tight parchment, snJ
sun of Nicaragua hud tanned that parch
ment brown. Large feverish eyes protruded
hollow spaces that once were cheeks,
now were cheeks inverted cups, and
prutuberances. All was in match, noses
pinched, lips thin.chias lean, and arms,Iegs,
chest, and whole 'body corporate, co-p.irate
with that ghastly phyiogncmy. There wera
ourae a little superior to this in appearance,
they were few in number. We stiil
spe,.k of the rank and file. The officers
either had not suffered so much or bora their
sufferings better. And the dresses of these
unfortunates corresponded with their physi
appearance. Many had shirts coarse as
eackc:oths,b-jt ui-t a few were without shirts.
Stockings formed no part of their wardrobe.
Their shoes mere most beyond mending. A
tnm, ragged coat.anJ a pair of canvas pants
ompli'ted thrirauire. Of woe-begone men
never saw such specimens before.
Curious Sequel to the Great Divorce
The Dalton Divorce ease in Boston.whieh
lurnisheJ such a tund of spicy go -sip and
scandal, has been followed by a singular
ev.-ut, witnin a few days nothing less
thau the e!open,ent of the parties. Either
Mr. Dilron had e'oped with Mrs. Diltin, or
Mrs. Da lion had eloped with Mr. DA on;at
any rate t.1-y have gone together they
couid n. t stand apart, 'after a!I wss said,'
and the Utiier of the lady has made, ir is
aiiuut to make, logil application for author
ity to pursue and recover his daughter. Tha
father professes fear of personal injury to
his daughter, but his fears are, itbout doubt,
groundless. It is a happy setllcmei.t of si
miserable dispute, and the father akou'd ba
satisfied with it, a we have no doubt h e
A RrsAWAT Rivsa.-A DrsmTtnTow.
The Xtbrasl. iin of the first inst. de
scribes a flagrant outrage upon "squatter
sovereignty" as having been perpetrated by
the Missouri, in the vicmity of Pe St..
Washington co., in that Territory. The ic
gorged in the bend of the river, a fvw aiilea
above that town, and the' water ,witb a crim
inal disregard of the interests ol Da Soto
and her terrey priveleges, took a' short eut
across the bend, forcing a channel near
Calhoun, Iowa and ranking Da Soto an in
and town of Nebraska, soraofouror fiva
miles from the river, lo tha infinite, disgust
ol the inhabitants of that city. By this ar
rangement a few thousand acres of land
wiil be added to tha already extensive do
mains of Nebraska.
Suxssa. The London papers announca
31r. Sumner's arrival ia that city. His
health although improved m yet tar from
what i- should b.
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