OCR Interpretation

Belmont chronicle. (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 1855-1973, March 01, 1866, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85026241/1866-03-01/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

livery Thnrndntf Morning)
OK'fi'ICW'-Mnwmiil Ifnll Itttlldlna.
a fW dsom Iiiiit of Court llouo,
. TlCltMHl
lnfi Hlttcrllir, per annum, (tn advanee) 1
Six months
j ss
. I IHl
Business Cards.
Danford L Kennon,
, OFFICK nearly oppniiw Court House and Fnl of
National Hotel. 1 e1W
;,itC. W. CARROLL, ,
A i-i. " i- T ...... I.!
'.!.. pT CI.AIRaVll.l.K. OHIO.
. . . , i
-Orrtcl in luc Court Ituuna. 9. W. room, up nairi.
o ; CEO. W. HOCE,
j.ttorJxey .at.Xa.w,
i QTir on North, tide of Mitin ureal, a fa
Mai ot Marietta aired.
'"--" m. r. KINO,
f,;1 "Attorney nt Irav,
'it' -'. . BARNF.3VI1.1.K, OHIO.
"irT IftaTprarticr! In Bflrnnnt
XT, jiea (AtlJmHneM promp
and artmihlna eoun-
pll)- attended lo.f
at: .Ta GLOVER,
XTriT.f. nrneticr in tVi Vr.. and F.nrtrnt
V V Ortice, N. K. Cor. Monroe k 4ili Strct.
jel(ij-ly . .
lefJlT.' .jCI.AIKI AbBNT,
IS nrenared 10 rolli-i-t Imrk pay. bounty, and all aol
ity. i
Afwrd.na W.rl-oalll iujVo.ri. onon'a J.avr Office
annle 1.
ST. CI.AIRV1I.I.R. omu. .
CPIIK iihtaiali hi Ik: Court llouaa
KJ , ;,maia.1 -
n iT 1 J tyVf'I.WIWVILLBj OHIO. .
rNFKIOK an North id. or Main ureal, a leve
Ka.t of Maneua atreet.
Attorney & Counselor at Law,
DFFIPR Ma.nnie Hnll Ituildihjr. a few doora KaM ol
the Court Houe.
. Sperial altenlton iti.n to the eolkction of claim.
laaiuMIhe n.mriimrnt for lloimiy. Back Pay.l'ail.iona.
Pay fy aaeojay her nr(ipfly ioal iu Ute aurjfice, Jcc.
. R. H. COCHRAN. ,
Attorney at Law & Notary Public
s(' ii"tii id the C)urt llnuae, 8. W. room np atalra.
At rwimfirt (tie firHOliee '.f MeiUciti Hurt Surwry.
II tiflr nee anttMtfl 01 iowii. uiure in uru mrt
. Dr. John Alexander,
IT, Ot-'A.lTtSVlL.tiE, OHIO.
FI'ICK AND RUSIDKNCK in Ilia Seminary prop
erly, Wvatend oflowu. .
;:. Dr. John H. Thompson,
.PffinU AnnAiiM VVatftlnriliT SlOrf.
") ' in.: ' '
tl AVINrtrmwtMilylormediuST CfdAIKSVIl.T.K
' XJ. ' whuld ripeptf'illy minaiiitoe lliat h i JviijN
' itepi io twrform nil iwikie pertniiiiHUf Wyl
iV-aa a II u t., I tn trl v II UlAf llOII .
nf ihe Nnlioual Hotel, and
eriy ofipoaiie die Clironicle olliee.
THR under.i(ued havi iif taken poeMOn of the
Nalioual Holel. Ilrnl .report, (formerly keil by v n.
Rohiii.oii, ia prepared tin- aceoinnirx ute the trnveliug
Vt ' """'VMutrMARTIN
t HODiaB.. J..jTiL0k Jf,." RHODES.
Sv E. . Rhodes & 3on,;
(j j fi.cWMore to RlKHlaa Jb JVarSol..) ! '
jyey.m IlrMgeport, OUio.
f f t ' 11 f J! v ' r .-,
Ti'Ar open frAifi t . ttinil Diaa.iuud.ya
e 13 Tdaya ai IU A. u .
, , Moti.y received oil Depil.
Colleciioiie made and proceada promptly remilleo.
kxt aaajsa bought and .old.' . '
a aiiaoroaa. . , " '.
bu I Alexander. tieorire Drown,
JUKtrim , tintmiaiiitva.
T) t. T. COWii.il. I're.ideul. .
H. (j. Wildat. Caehier. niyVtf
And Dealers' in' Beady-Made Cleth
intc. Gents Furnishing Goods, t
oi)i; j Cap8'fT;.tQ4' 1
raeMi Atacldne. aro uudauhledly ' Tory beat in
auninn " 7... " ....W
Ltaniiy ouu.nii'r . yy '
TjTVJWY stable
n.a.'fcG.'o. weiswawg R
A JNrUNfcff to the rublle' thai they . titrniah
J aft. lioraea, BuKie.. Hecaa. Carnaeea (lid Oinnl-
ligni.il all nour. wnu ...
Enquire al the Nauonal Hotel.
ii ir
Established in 1810.
Oil 1,1800.
Now Series-Vol. 0, ISTo. 5.
; ' n . ' f. - . . '
I 1 - , " 11 i i , , i , ' r ' 111 ' .... . !
' ' i " i n . ' ' . ' ., . ' . , .;.,.,.,..,, . ' " ' '
St; ClairsuIIe, Ubio, Slon-.U I.
By far tlie most objectionable part
of the President s 'recent veto message
is thfi part In whicli lid lectures Con
gress because the so-called Representa
tives ami Senators from the late revolt
ed States are . kept waiting fof their
seats, and are not permitted at once to
take"1heir positions alongside of Ohio
and'TJW York." " We print this part of
it below la full, .and ask the attention
of onr readers ti) t!iis latest attempt of
the Executive to ' override the repre
sentatives of the people. ' , ' 1 ,
' President Johkson, in this mote, has
some illustrious precedents as, for in
stance, Buchanan in the Kansas im
broglio.1 Our recollection is that Mr.
Buchanan did' not come out of. that
scrn pd with a great deal of credit. We
will see what will be the result of this
latest attempt at Executive usurpa
tion. : .
Mr. Johnson, . in his r.eal to get the
late : Rebels into Congress (for. none
but Rebels have been elected . in those
States) makes a : strong, argument in
favor of negro sutTrage. He says :
"The principle is firmly fixed in the
minds, of the American people that
there should be no taxation without
representation."' As an illustrious
stumper of the Cops, in Belmont Coun
ty would say, i " What are you going
to do with the ' nigger" when he ac
quires taxable property? - " '
Mr. Johnson says : '
I cuntiot but add another very crave ob
jectioti to tlii.n bill. Tlio Constitution im
perattvely (li!C"nrn in conaection wan tax
ation, that eauh State chall have at leant
one repra!ntMfivtt, ami fi.t tha rule for the
nuniler to whieh in Ititare tinio each fitute
shall l entitlerl. It also providea that the
Sonate nf the United State shall be coui
pnsod of two Senators Iroui each State, and
add, with peculiar force, that no State,
without its oonsttnt, shall ho deprived of iu
suffrage id the Senate. Tiie original, act
was necessarily panned in the abxenvo of
lh States chit fly intereMed, becauHe their
peop!e,w re then cnntuinaciotisly; enpaaed
in the rebellion. Now the ca'seischaniwd,
and sumo at least of thA States' are attend
ing Congress by loyul Representatives, 8o
lieiting the allowance of the constitutional
right of representation. At the time, how
ever, of the consideration' and passing of
the bill, 'there was no Senator or Represen.
tative in Congress from the eleven States
which are to be mainly affected by its pro
visions. The very fact thut reports were
and ure made against the good disposition
of tho oountry, is an additiunl reason why
they need and should hso Representatives
of their own in Congress ti explain their
condition, and assist by their lecal knowl
edne in th perfecting of tneasurea imme
diately affecting themselves, while the: lib
etty of deliberation would then be free, and
Congress would have lull power lo decide
according to its judgment. There could be
no objection urged Ahat tho States mrt in
terested had not been permitted to be beard.
The principle is firmly fixed in the minds
Of the American people that there should
be no taxation without . representation. t
Oreat burdens are now to be borne by, all
the country, and we may best demand that
they shall bo borne without a murmur when
they are voted by a minority of the Repte-
seiitati ves 61 all the people. 1 would not
interfere ,with the uni)iiiionable ' right of
Congress to judge, each house for itself, ol
the election, returns nm qualifications of its
own mouthers; but lhat. authority cannot
be eoustrued as including the right lo put
out iu time of peace any Siate from the
representation to which it is entitled by tho
Constitution. At present, all the people
of the eleven States are excluded those
who were most iaithful during the war not
less lb.au others. The State of Tennessee,
.for. instance, whose authorities were en-
gitge.d in the rebellion, was restored to an
her constitutional relations to the Union,
br tho natriotistu and energy1 of her injured
and botr'aved people, Before the 'war was
brought to a termination, they had placed
iheinsolvei In relations with, the General
Government, hud established a State Gov
rnuient of their own. As they were not
nlnrlnii in the einatioiiiation proclamation.
thev. bv their own acts, have amended their
Constitution SO as to abolish slavery within
the limits of their own State. 1 know no
reason why the Stute of Tennessee, tor ex
ample, should not fully erjny her constitu
tional relations to the United Slates. The
President of the United States stands to-
wrd the country in a somewnui aimirem
altitude from that of any member' of Con-
cross, chosen from a single district or state.
The President i choson by the paoplo of
all th States. Kleven States are not at
this time represented in either branch ot
Congress. It wouhhseem to be hisduiy on
all proper occasions to present their just
claims to Congress, , There always will ha
differeneas of opinion', in the eswinunfty,
and individuals may he guilty of transgres
sion of the law ; but these do not constitute
valid objections against the right of a State
to representation.' I would in nowise inter
fi,r aaiih th .liunrfltinn of liansrass with re
gard to the qualification of members, .but I
hold it my duty te recommend to you io the
interest of psaos and io the interest of the
Union, the admission ; of eveiy. State te Its
fu.ll share of public, legislation, when, 'how ,
esor insubordinate, . insurgent or rebellious
its people may, have been, it presents itself,
not only in to attitude ef loyalty and har
mony, but in" the persons if ' Republicans
whose loyalty oannot be questioned uader,
the existinir oontttaiiona or legal ltt. l
i plaia that an indefinite or permanent ex
oluiioB ef any part of the eounUy from rep-j
resantatierl, must be attesded by a spirit of
disgust aod .cotoplaiou , ;lt is ,uQwie And
.dangerons to pursue , a oourse of .metsures
which will ..-urate. nv . latie Motion, j the
oountrj against another section of the coon-
trJ,""no matter how much the Uuer mty
The coarse of imrbiKration. vslopmeot
of iniiuvry and buiinrs and natural eauaea
will raise up at the. South men at devoted,
to the Union as thoie f any other part of
the land; but if they ara all excluded from
Coacress, if in a permanent statute they are
deolared not to be io full constitutional re
lations lo the oountry, they way think they
riavn nana tn hprMinm a unit in f t? e 1 i n e and
anatiinenf against the Government. Under
the political education ot the American peo
ple the idea is inherent and ineradicable
that the cousent ol the trnjority of the whole
people is uccimsary to accure willing anqui
enoence irt IcKilalion. '
The bill un lero insliHration refers to cer
tain of the States as thonph they had not
been fully reatored to the United States.
If they have not, let u at oaoe act tonether
to aentire that desirable end at the earliest
possible moment. ' it is tiardiy necessary
for mc-to inform the Congress that ia my
own iu lament most of those States, so far.
St luaxf already been tally restored, Bd are
to be deemed to bo entitled to enjoy their
constitution! right as members nf the
Union'. Reasoning from the Constitution
itself, and from, the actual situation of the
country. I feel not only entitled, but bound
to assume that, with the Federal Courts
rrRtertd in the several States, and in the
(all exeroiseif their functions, the rights
and interests of all clauses of thevpeople will,
with tho sid of the millitary in eases of re
sistance to tho law, be essentially protected
asninst unconstitutional infringement and
Tho following Senators, elected as
Union men, voted with the Copper
heads against the passage of the Freed
men's Bureau bill, over the President's
veto: ,
James Ilxon, of Connecticut;
Itanlel S. IVorton, of Minnesota;
Win. M. Stewarl, of Nevadaj
Eflirar Coivun, of Pennsylvania;
Edwin I. Mora-art, of New York :
James R. Uoolittln, of Wisconsin.
These, with Van Winkle and Willey,
of West Virginia, idded to the ten
Democrats,' constituted the " eighteen
negative votes. Wright, (Dein.) of
New Jersey, and Foote, (Union) of
Vermont, were the only Senators
The votes of Messrs. Morgan and
Norton, it is asserted, were purchased.
In view of the President's veto, the
following explicit statement by the ex
tremely conservative Washington cor
respondent of the extremely conserv.
ativc Cincinnati Commercial, becomes
interesting ; .' "
The Bureau Bill was originally prepared
by Gun. Howard, and revised in consults
lion with Senntor Timibuli. It tons then
mbmittnl tn the PmiJi'itt. tvho exanu'iie.J it
with conss.lwilbh care, and approved it cor
diully. That is from a letter dated February
12, seven days before the veto. It is
matter or some interest to know
whether this positive' statement that
the Freedmen's Bill was at one time
approved by tho President will be de
nied or can be. If lie approved it
ouce, when 'did he change his .opinion,
and why? '
We quote the following from atrtist
'worthy Washington! .correspondent,
touching the President's veto; '.
"The usti il Tuesday evening reception at
the White H mso wis, because of the situa
tion ot'uff.iiin. denied to the public. . Some
of the revelers at H'illard's pulilicly drank
tho toast; 'The three chief American of
the present : Jefferson Davis, Andrew
Johnson and Robert E. Iieel' The evening
organ of the opposition says; " "The Presi-
dent will put down treason in the councils of
the nation as ho did in the field.' The call
is nut for a ninm meeting on Thursday, to
uphold the President in his policy, and
among its signers are scores of men known
here for four years as rebel sympathizers.
These are facts; let the rumors pass unno
ticed. "
"' Upon which readers shall make their
own comments. , ' '.,'.'.,
Thb Newark Tribune says i '
The Uuion members of the Ohio Legis
lature have the honor of being the first to
iqdorse the House resolution for the exclu
sion of Ho be I Representatives clainiingseats
in Congress. ' Un the evening ot its passage,
Ohio resolved : 'That in the action of the
Union Representatives in Congress we re
cognize an exposition of the nrinciples that
made us a .party and saved our country
through the late R 'bullion, and we 'tender
suoh Representatives our hearty support. "
That is but one expression of the feeling
which sweeps over the country like a whirl
wind,' and which seeks out its honest and
honored representatives in Washington with
a declaration ot profound gratitude and re'
speot with an affirmation that they have
done all they could at the moment to pre
serve the country against the most immi
nent peril. ; , .
Tun guns that echoed over the coun
try on .Wednesday last in celebration
of the President's veto were fired by
men who a year agowere the bitterest
enemies of Andrew Johnson and of the
riolicv, he then , represented. . Have
L f . '
they changed, or hae he? ; -
: Tub Wheeling Intelligencer announces
th finding of oil io Wetzel County, at a
depth of 870 feat, i . .-,,, i
' Tn Guernsey Times say (h United
Presbyterians uf Cambridga are going to
build a new church, which, it is estimated,
will cost 1113.000. ' The advertisement of
'their Committee fo 200,000 brick,"' looks
lilra buaine-sKi - ' ''
The President's Veto.
How it is Received by the Press
and People.
[From the Columbus Journal]
, . wi no
go into all the ebjaatinna whii h might be
urged to the Mesas fe of the President, in
detail. It may well Cause doubts in the
mind of the Executive a. to the correctness
ot his portion, when bells art ruug and caps
thrown up by the part v which has all through
the war given a cowardly sort ot aid and
comfort to the rebellion, while Union men
go about the street sadly, feeling that the
causa for which we have battled with such
expenditure of blood and treasure, agsiost
open, armed foes in front, and secret, insid
ious traitors in the rear, ia in Jerttfrem one
of it most cherished and trusted defender a.
.The- promrrt fltion el the- Union 4hbb
beri of I he Ohio Legislature leaves no room,
for doubt as to whero they stand. The
same sentiment will be found to be well-nigh
unanimous throughout the State and the
loyal North. .
[From the N. Y. Tribune.]
' .., Mr. Johnson has made
a grave mistake. He his relieved tho-e
who elected him of a great responsibility by
talcing it on his own shoulders. Herpatter,
whatever wrongs may be itiflieted npnn or
indignities suffered by the Southern Blacks,
will be charged to the President, who has
left them naked to their enemies. Time
will show that he has' thereby precluded a
true and speedy restoration of the South,
and inflicted more lasting misery on her
Whites than on her Blacks.
[From the Washington (D. C.) Chronicle]
This messaee nf President Johnson will
fall like, the old hand of death upon the t
warm impulses oi tun american people,
who have given so much of their treasure
and their blood to the cause of the republic!
and have expressed such unstinted and un
questioning coofidenee in the Executive.
It is not the fnct that he refused to sign Mr.
Trumbull's bill that will startle and naralyze
them ; but when he appeals, nay, demnuhy
that the States now almost as rebellious as
they were a year ago, certainly as much fill
ed with hate of the Congressional majorities,
and of the loyal masses of the American peo
ple, shall at onee be rehabilitated, he will
send a thrill of dismay to every leval heart
throughout our wide domain. There is,
indeed, cause for universil solicitude. The
surrender of Lee was only the beginning of
new rebellion. The defeated traitor
threatens a?ain to become the triumphant
dictator, Even from his strong cell in For
trosa Monroe theehiel conspirator may be
gin to indulge the hop of returning to
the Senate of the United States, there to
reassert that fatal supremacy whieh encour
aged secession under one administration,
and precipitated rebellion against another.
[From the Wheeling Intelligencer]
. ! , . W hvn rnnd this runs.
.... . . . 1 1" 1
sage with a great deal of interest and we teel
bound tooommendit to our readers as I.jV
every sense a strong document, and worthy
nf universal attention. We cunnot doubt
its good effect on Congress and the country.
[The Editor of the intelligencer in Postmaster
at Wheeling.—ED. CHRON.]
The Springfirild Republic is very decided
in its stippOit of the bill.
The Dayton Journal supports tho Union
delegation in Congress warmly. Within
sound of the traitorous voice of Vallandi.'
ham, giving the President the deep damna
tion of his approval within siht of his
flag, never unfurled for any Union viotory,
but flung to the breeze at the Grat sugges
tion of treason anywhere within sound of
the hundred guns of the double-dyed traitors
who were not content to have the Uuion
broken oiifV in two pieces it is not to be
wondered at that the Journ il should spaak
earnestly, ' It closes with a summary of tho
provisions of the 'bill, and the following
comments : , ., . , , ,.,,;'.; :
Such is the snm and substance of the bill.
It was not designed for a time of peace. It
was not fitted tor well ordered Stale Gov
ernments like the loyal States North. It
was framed with an express Intention to
drepare the way for peaoe and Union in tho
rebellious south. " It was adapted to the
conditions f a rebellious masterclass of
traitors to the Government, and to a class
of humble, oppressed men who had been
liberated from Slavery, and who had sheld
their blood for the Government which is
bound by the most sacred obligation's of
honor, not to speak jot humanity, to afford
them all the protection in its power, until
they shall be able to relieve themselves of
the encumbrances which two 'centuries of
chains dud whip lash have worn into their
SOUlS. ' i : !
[From the Cleveland Leader]
The bill, the mildest, the 'most conserva
tive, the most obviously, essential of all the
great treasures initiated by the present
Congiess,having finally passr-d both branches
of the National Legislature, and having been
sent to the President for his signature, on
Tuesday last, was yesterday returned to
Goncress with his onjeotinns.
. ihe President has
proven false to himself,, to his glorious war
record, to his pledges to the colored people
of the South, and to the party which elect
ed him, by thus placing himself with the
Copperheads and rebels iq opposition to a
measure absolutely necessary for tho pro
tection of ihe Southern Unionists; black or
white, and will have cause to regret it to
the end of a very brief political existence,
and for his life thereafter, ' ..
[From the Sandusky Register.]
' Intelligent observers ware prepared to soe
Mr. Johnson return the Freedraea's Bill to
Gonsress with certain changes suggested
before he eould approve it, but very few out
side of Congress were prepared-to hear the
Republican President deliver a ibiee col
li inn valedictory to the Union party, and
declare himself the champion of his native
but rebellious South. - We ooufess that'we
look in vain through th i President's long
message for a "single ray of hope for the
emancipated slaves, whose - freedom w are
ssoredly, pledged te maintain, or for the
1oral North, whose blood and treasure have
given us a nation. Soma off ha obiootions
le the bill are valid and Wall put, but this
matters little so ' long as no amoust of
change ean make the bill acceptable to th
Executive, He is fundamentally opposed
to the idea of protecting tbefredmen by
the Federal arm. and is thoroughly wedded
to tha theory of turning them ovor to tb
. , ' . f r .L : I. ... . I
tender mercies of their 1st itrs and
our 1st enemies. Right' her the. msl'
T. ,, , . ,.
M -rfrtrrityrtin -me haste to claim
deot parts ccoipany with nine tenths of the.
party which elected him, ao l right here the
men who fought rebellion ia the fltla, and
the friends of Right everywhere, mat Lid
him a reluotant adieu. Ihe snetiag shows
more distinctly than any previous Presi
dential utterance had done, that the Presi
dent and the majority in Congress ara rad
ically at variance, and . lhat no middle
ground is possible for them. The policy
of on or the other must go to the wall.
So far as heard from, not ooa Union pa
por in th State endorses the veto.
A caucrjs of the Union members of the
Ohio Legislature adopted the following un
animously and without debate ;
Rr,,h nl, That, in thb action of rn
corrTTttr TARocaa ' thb lath ukbkluon.
Tiie Copperhead Caucus 'endorsed tho
In the Legislature, resolutions were effer
ed In bith Houses, by Copperheads, endors
ing the veto. The Senate referred it to the
Committee on Federal Relations. In the
lloiHe, Mr. Schneider offered the following
as a substitute for the Copperhead resolu
tion endorsing tho veto :
Rrfith-fil, That we endorse the following
extract trom the speech ol Andrew Johnon
to tho colored men at Nashville, October 24, :
"I, Andrew Johoson, hereby proclaim
liberty, full, broad And uueenditional liberty,
to every man in Tennessee 1 I will be your
Mo-ts, and lead you through the Ifed Sea
truggle and servitude to a future ot
Liberty and Peace 1 Rebellion and Slavery
sh'ill bo more pollute our State. Loyal
man, whether whit or black, shall alone
govern the Stat I "
Mr. Piatt offered the following amend
ment:' Add tA the substitute as follows :
AVsofrW.' -That in the language of the
ProHum uiori of the President of May 29,
ISO), the rebellion which was waged by a
portion of the people of the United States
against the properly constituted authorities
of the Government thereof, io the most vio
lent and roTolting form, but. whose armed
and organized forces have been almost, en
tirely overpowered, has, in ill revolution
ary progress, deprived the people of the
Stutes in which it was organized of all civil
Rtnlced, That wheoever the people of
any State are thus deprived of all civil gov
ernment it becomes the duty of Congress,
by appropriate legislation, 'lo enable thorn
to organize a State government, and, in the
language of the Constitution, te guarantee
to each State a republican for at of govern
ment. The vote stood yeas 53, nays 22 ; the
Tt:. .:
.Mr. Johnsan as having come to his plat
form, and to pledge him his support. He
also brought out his flag, which had been
furled for four years in condemnation of the
unconstitutional attempt to coerce Rebellion.
It is presumed he flings it out now because
be thinks the Confederates are victorious.
The Freedmen's Burean Bill—
what it was the President
The whole country is now excited over
the message ol the President vetoing the
Frsedmun's Bureau Bill No doubt the
readers of the Chroniclb have a curiosity
to read the bill. . Accordingly we reproduce it
from the Congressional Globe,
An Art to amend a Act entitled "An act to
txtablhha Bureau for t lie relief of Freed
men and Refuaeei' andfor oilier purpose.
Be it enacted, &c, That the act to estab
ih a Bureau ': for the relief of freed man
and refugees, approved March 3, 1865,
shall continue in force until otherwise pro
vided by law, and shall extend to refugees
snd freedmen in all parts of the United
States and th President may divide the
section of country within which the privi
lege ot the writ ot habeas corpus was sus
pended on the first day ot leiruary, 1306,
containing, suoh refugees and freedmen.
nto districts, each containing one or more
States, not to exceed twelve in number, and.
by and with the advice and consent ot the
Senate, appoint an Assistant Commissioner
for each ot said districts, who shall give like
bond, receive the compensation and perform
the duties prescribed by this and the act te
whioh this is an amendment ; or said bureau
may, in th discretion of the President, be
placed under a Commissioner and Assistant
Commissioner to he detailed from the army,
in which event each officer so assigned to
duty shall serve without increase ef pay er
Seo. 2. And be it farther enacted, That
the Commissioner, with the approval of th
President, and when th same shall be
necessary for the operations ef the Bureau,
may divide each district into a number of
counties or parishes in such district, and
shall assign to each aub district at least one
agent; either a citizen, officer of the army,
or enlisted man, who, if an officer, shall
serve without additional compensation cr
allowance, and if a citizen or enlisted mm,
shall rciseive a salary of not less than five
hundred dollars nor more than twelve hun
dred dollars annually, according to th ser
vices rendered, in full compensation for such
services; and such agent shall, before en
tering on the duties of his office, take the
oath prescribed jn the first section of the
act to which this is an amendment. And
the Commissioner may, when tha same shall
be necessary, assign toeaoh Assistant Coia-
oiissiooer not exceeding three clerks, and
to oach of said agents one clerk, at an
annual salary nat exceeding one thousand
dollars each, provided suitable clerks ean
not bo detailed from the army. And the
President of tha United States, tbrouirh
the War Department, and the Commission
er, shall xteni military jurisdiction aoi
protection over all employees, agents, and
officers ot this Bureau in the exercise of
the duties itnpo.od or authorised hr this
act or the act to which this additional.
SeC. 3. And be it further enacted. That
th Secretary of War may direct such issue
of provisions, clothing, fuel, and other sup
plies, including medioal stores and trans
portation, and afford such aid, medical or
otherwise, as he may dm needful for the
immediate and temporary shatter and sup
ply f. destitute and offering refugees- and
freedmen, their wives and children, under
utah rale and regulations as be may direct:
' Provided That no person shall be d seated-
onerman s special Held order, dated at Sa-lKfii-
vannah, January sixteen, eighteen hundred
"destitute," sufTiring. " er "depend
ent upon the Government far suoport.".
within the meaning of the art. who. .n'm
able to find employment, could by proper
induatry and exenioo avoid each dtiiution.
suffering' or aVpendenee. . ,
Sec. 4. -And U it f oritur enacfat, That
the Presideot is hereby autnvr'ued lo re
serve from sale or from settlement, under
the homestead or pre epiptinn laws, and to
set apart for the use of freednaa and loyal
refugees, male or female, unoccupied public
lands in Florida, Mississippi, Alabama,
Louisiana, and Arkansas, not exceeding in
all three millions of acres of good land ; and
tha ('ommissioner, under the direction of
the President, shall cause the same from
time te time to be allotted and assigned, in
parcels not exceeding forty acres each, to
the hyal refug and freedmsn, and who
shall be protected in the ue sad enjaymeot
thereof for such terra of time ami at such
annual rent a may tat agreed on between
the Commissioner and sunt refugee or
freediucn. The rental shall be based upon
a valuation of the land, to be ascertained in
annh manner aw fkn f!nmini,.i.nw m.tr nn.
der the direction of the President, by regu
lation prescribe. At the end of such term,
or sooner, if the Commis-ioner st all aisent
thereto, the oecspants nf any parcels so a
I signed, their heir and aiigns, aiay pur
! cbaso tho land and receive a tit' thereto
from the United States in fee, mien navine
therefor the value of the, land ascertained as
.Skc. 5.. And b it further enacted. That
the occupants ot l-nd under Mat. Geo.
and sixty five, are hereby confirmed in their
possession for the porind of three years
from the date of said order, and no person
shall be disturbed in or ousted from said
possesion during said three years, unless a
settlement shall be made with said occupant,
by the former owner, satisfactory to the
Comnmsioner of the Freedmen's Bureau :
Provided, That whenever the owners of
lands occupied under General Sherman'
field order shall make application for restor
ation ot said lands, the Commissioner is
hereby authorized, upon the agreement and
with the written consent of said occupaDts,
to procure ether lands for them by rent or
purchase, not exceodiug forty acres for each
occupant, or to set apart for them, out of
the public lands assigned for that purpose
in section four of this bill, forty acres each,
upon the terms and conditions named in
said sectioj.
Sec 6. And b it further enacted, That
the Commissioner shall, under the direction
of the President, procure in the name of
the United Stairs, by grant or purchase.
such lands within the districts aforesaid as
may be required for refugees and fraadtaen i
dependent op the Government for auction:
and he shall provide or cause to be erected
suitable buildings for asylums and achoel.
But no such purchase ehall be made, nor
contract fcr the sam entered into, nor
other expense incurred, until after appro
priations shall have been provided by Con
gress tor such purposes. And no payments
shall be mad for lands purchased under
this seotisn, except for asylums and schools,
from any moneys not specifically appropri
ated therefor. And the Commissioner shall
cause such lands from time to time to be
valued, allotted, assigned, and sold iu man
ner and form provided in the fourth. section
of this aoti at a price not less thuu ilia cost
thereof to the United Slates.
Ssf. 7. Andbeit further tnactel. That
whenever iu any State or district in which
the ordinary course of judicial nroeeedinirs
has been interrupted by the rebellion, and
wherein, in coosenuence of any State or loeal
law, ordioauce, police or other regulation,
custom or prejudice, any of the eivil rights
or immunities belonging to white persons,
including the right to make ant en lure i
contracts, to sue. be parties, and give evi
dence, to inherit, .purchase, jlease, sell, hold
and convey real and persona! property, and
to have full and equal benefit of all law
and proceedings for security of person and
estate, including tho constitutienal right of
bearing arras, are refused or denied to ne
groes, mulatoes, freedmen, refugees, or any
other persons, on account of race, color, or
any previous condition ot slavery or invol
untary servitude, or wherein they or any of
them are subjected to any other or different
punishment, pain-, or penalties, for the com
mission nf any. act or offence, than are pre
aoribed for white -persons committing like
acts or offences, it shall be the duty of the
President of the U.iited States, through
the Commissioner, to extend military pro
tection and jurisdiction cv;r cases affecting
such persons as discrim-nited against.
BEO. 8. And be ti further enicterf, lhat
any person who, undercolor nf any State or
local law, ordinances, police or other regula
tion or custom, shall, in other Slate or Dis
trict in whioh the ordinarj course of judictal
proceedings has been intrrupted by the re
hellion, and in which the privilege of tha
writ of habeas corpus was suspended on tho
first day of February, eighteen hundred and
sixty-six, subject, or cause to be subjected,
any negro, mulatto, freedman, rctugee, or
other person, on account of race or color, or
any previous oondition of slavery orinvolun
tary servitude, or for any other cause, to the
deprivation ot any oivil right secured to
white persons, or to any othsr or different
punishment man white persons are subject
to for the commission f like acta or offon
cashall be deemed guilty of a misdemean
or, and be punished by fine not exceeding
one thousand dollars, or imprisonment not
exceeding one year. Or both; and ir shall be
the duty of the officers and. agents of this
Bureau t take jurisdiction of, anl hear
And determine all offences eonituii ted against
the provisioni of this aeuiion, and also of all
ease affecting negroes, mulatto", freed
men, refugees, or other persons who are dis
criminated against in any of th particulars
meatieued in the preceding sestien of this
set, under such rules and reflation. s the
President of the United Suites, thrn igh the
war department, shall prescribe. The juris
diction conferred hv this and the preceding
section on the o (Beers and agents of this
Bureau shall cease and determine whenever
the discrimination on account of which it is
conferred ceases, and in no event to be ex
orcised1 in any State in which tha ordinary
course 01 judicial proceedings ha not been
interrupted by toe rebellion, nor ia any
such Stat after said State shall have been
fully restored in all its constitutional relations
to the United States, and in the- eonrts of
the State and of the United States within
the same are not, disturbed or stopped io
th peaceable course of justice. ' -.
SeO, 9. And be it further enacted. That
all aol or parts of acta, inconsistent with
the provisions of this act, are hereby re
pealed, . ;
The West Virginia Legialsture has desig
nated Moundsvill as the Location for a
Penfotntiary. ' T:'' ia;-'.-'t, i ,
i" ttfi . . . .. J , ,
On. aanar. (tan An, nf lea,) om at tVte tnai
F.rh uiiMNu.m IttwrtirMi.
die te Hue aioiilka..
'. i
H'auiaa C.aoa, of (oar to ttr.a Hum, 1 yeu
a a.
HaatTtaara' iniirwa,. not .teeediag n.--rili ol
a column at any lime, (vll p.f year. A Sail aolnmn.
i.ot n. aedi ur .eajig.a, (JU. A acJuuia,
lour eltangn., 4ou.
f eauus aovuTitaaasn mu,t is evry eeaa.U f'A
ii atvaitee,orfoaranielby rrtponiblreRiinw
to a.
Sr.cnt. N.ns-aa and tirn.aL Cn.ra Alarms.
Ma.ta onee anU a ball the raiaa ol vrujuary ederua
The Union ma af Vira-iata ara nrpnariiiat
for a thorough orgaoiiatioa.
In tb petition of eitiisn of Virginia
prt yin Coat r t stsbiieh territorial
government for that State, it U stated thai
the legislator of Virginia baa passed a law
taxing loyal people for the fwnsio ot th
widow of StoMwall Jackson.
In Gen. lice's Interview with th Recon
struction Committee, h is reported t hat
intimated that the faeling ofth popl of
tho South, for th Union, wss much strong
er just after the close of th war than now.
A Letter read in th Pennsylvania Son.
ate last week, from Montgomery County in
that State, says that thaeattl auwaa which
now prevails in Europe, oramDoed ia that
Oejunty last spring, and Ihe oat tie affected
with it have been seat to 'other counties,
thus Mramaoieating th diss to them.
The meat of some ef th cattle that died baa
been sent to the Philadelphia matkst, and
made into Bologna sausage.
Titkre ar now in the District of Colum
bia 45 eolored schools, with IOC teachers,
and a regular attendance of scholars num
bering 8,081. The number registered is
5.5SS. Of night schools there are 12, with
7-YJ scholars. Th Sunday aobocls aumbcr
with 203 scholars.
no.v. D. C. lit'iiprjRETi, of nuativille,
Ala., writing from Washington te the
lluntsville Advooote, says that "Congress
is bound to take charge nf the question and
se to it that al! people of all race and colors
have a fair start io th journoy f lif : "
and ha believes iu it.
In a recent ea in oourt in Maryland, th
Judge decided that negro tenimooy could
not be received because an old law forbid
ding it, in existence before the adoption of
the new constitution, had over bee for
mally repealed. 11a believed it ught to b
The Winooa Republican says that during
the late severe storm in Minnesota, a young
man engaeel in teaching a school in the
town of Viola, Oim-tead County, aurtd
from the school-house to b'n boarding bouse,
a distance of about six miles. II did set.
arrive tome that night, and in the morniog
search tor him resulted io th discovery or
bis b nly, frosou stiff, leaning in an aay at
titude sg tin-it a fenoe, in sight at a heuse,
and within a mile of home.
JTcudle racing on ice is th latest aensa
tiou at the Chicago akatiog parks. Hurdles
two feet iu height ar piaoed qui-diataDt
around the pond, the akater start totber
at a s.gnai aad leap eaon hurdl in succes-
B!on- .V,"" ,u",!,r U ,n rcoord, " h1'1
cleared four hurdles and a oomplet circuit
ot me pirK ju tuirty soonaa; Due to cir
cumference is aot stated.
The M jbila AJvertiwr report the trial in
the police court at a " pcmpousdirkey" who
was Cued $ 50 tor ' furociously ouraiug a
white gentleman. " The question naturally
arises, how much would the "whit gentle-,
man " have been fined bad h don tb
"ferocious cursing?." . .
A Southern dispatch says thai Tbayar .
& N eyes' Circus was wrrjfed ca the KJ
River not long siDco.
Histobt repeating itself : Vide tha long
ing of the Jews in Babyba for their aative
laud, and th Democrats tor their eld plac
at the public crib.
A dispatch from Columbia, Ss C, say
that there is a perfect carnival of orime in
that city. .Robberies and murder of Union
men are of daily occurrence.
A special to the New York Evr oin
Post says that the Com mil te f Way nod
Means have voted not to change tb tax on
wh Uky.
The Washinston correspondent of th
New Ysik World tays that the Suoat Com
mittee on the District of Columbia Lav i
cided to report iu favor of repealing tb City
Charter of Washington, and goveruiug the
city by Commissioners, at was tb caa
many years ago.
The correspondent of th New York
World says that when Senator flendrinks,
of Indiana, was speaking against the Con
stitutional amendment, be said that whit
men put down the rebellion, and "the im
pudent negroes in the galleries biased. "
The p.'Oplo of Chioagoare begiaoing to'
be afiaid to eat meal of any kind. . The
Tribune aays there is "trichinae $piralit" in
the pork, "gangrene" in the beef, aad
'scab'' ia the mutton.
TitEWasbingtoa correspoaitaat of th
New York Tribune a.ys: "It i well un
derstood here that the reoussitatioo of the
Rishraen 1 Examiner was ordered by th
President in direct opposition to the deeir
of Gen. Grant.
Tub Missouri Democrat publishes the
following extract from a private letter te a
eentloman in St. Louie, bv a oitieen of Tes
sa, a former slaveholder, whe was in Texas
during the war. Us says: "Wbil I am
writing, news has come in that Rev. F. and
his son Conrad have been hung, professed- '
ly by Indians, in reality by the nre-eatera,
however. As matters stsnd her, th fac
is not suck a on aa would astonish max.
At the last meetiug of the Court where I
served as a member ot the jury, the whel
Court bad more the appearance of a Con
federate Court Martial than anything els'.
Confederate uniforms (privates and officers)
were the rule ; lawyers, witnessea and haag-ers-on
armed to the teeth, and of the at
torneys, every one who bad by his rvios
gained the right of wearing a rebel uniform,
was sure of parading tha aame. .Really,
President Johnson is great in hi tender
mercy to thes Southtrn fire-eaters, and th
oountry must not be aurpriaed when ' it
bring forth ita legitimate result. " . i .
Thb pork dias has' appeared at Ef
Louis. . ,
Mna Gen. Lander is still playing it
Cincinnati with great success.- Th joar
nals there say that her veiee still ha tb
aweet and musical tones which t yor ra
deied it so charming.
' Obn. HANLcr'isthe Uaien eaodidat for
Governor of Ooaueeticat.
Kenttjckt is in a bd way. Th rb!s
hav ooine bark in sufficient number t tot
down the Union men, and now hav tbiag
tbair own way. The Senate ef tb State
has just refused by a vote ef 57 to 31 to
ratify the anti slavery amendment t tb
Constitution. U is of no great onsqunce'
to anybody hot tbtmartvea whether they
ratify th amendment. But we wondr if
they yet hav learned that the earth njevt
round the sun. What country do t'uej
tititrfetbiawl . ' i

xml | txt