Newspaper Page Text
Every Thursday JlorniHtf, 1IUXT .- - - Editor. rEBMB C , BUB8CRI PTIOH. aincUsubserlber, per aaiaia, ti 00. 1 1 mooUis,$l SO. Tons BMUi. Data. tl not Mid within six moatbs. ti H will t-s vaetod of all yearly subscribers. V OFFICE IN CHRONICLE BUILDINO w doo t East of the National Hotel MASONIC DIRECTORY, 1877. MmontI-ode.No..,F AM. metm tr tj Wednesday night on or preceding tne mil JAMES B. RYAN . W. M. JESSE B. MEYER, Sec'y. St. ClalrevUie Chapter. No. 17 Royal A rob 1st Friday moru. BUMGARNER, H. P. Jussie B. MEYER, Sec'y. Brtlmont Council, B. and 8. meeU on tbe e nd .needay of every mosu. H. R. BUMGARNER, G. M. F D. BAILY, Rec. I .Hope Oomniandery No. 28 of Knlchls Temp- ai ii "'s ' C. W. CARROLL, E. C. F. D. BAILEY, Rec. F. D. BAILEY, Rec. Busiaess Cards. ST. CLAIRIKEIXY, Iiirj rf iote, A't. CltariaiUe, Ohio. omoe flrst door east of the Court House Ueorce II. Umstead. AUuriurt fc Counselor at Lav, St. CMrmOe,0. WPartlenlar aUenUen g lTea to collection ana ine sememem m ---. I). 1. T. CO WEN, Attonuaai Lot, St. CUdrmOe, Ohio. mm-ntFc on norm aide of Main Street, a few ours east of Marietta (street. A- H. & W. MITCHELL, ATTORNEYS AT.LAW.Ht. CIlrTllle, Okie .OFFICE on corner, opposite D11V'" ,T?T1. u..i.nn alalia. 10-1 V.. I- .UUUW - WM, H. TALLMAN, alTO&KKEY AMD COUNSELOR AT LA BELLAIUE, U. J.'T. TAIXXAH, W. TATXOB. J. W. BOU.I8TB. TAYLOR & HOLLISTER, Attorneys at Law, W. Corner Fifth and Walnnl Htreeta, CI. laaatl.O., Johnston Buildings, Booin --, " iS-Praottce in the United -Hates Court. May 17. 1877-ly. P. TALLMAN & BON, Attomys at Law, jffloe. SorU-weet Cor. Main A ManetV-ak. St. Clair- Be, OA? "R S. & A. RLACEY iV aTTORN EYH AX LAW. Hollo Itoni of Patents end. Gl&ms Prmotieeln theBaprsme Court and Court o: ...-.-.. .ntwrtMtfareall the Ueparuneu-s r. o;.h -mtiafefltlon eiven In all ouat- nni entrusted to them. Corirudeuoe eo ii,..l ABifb-ventb Street. oppoeltePost.Offlo oartm.nl .WABHIP9TON .D. O. aep-fctr SHERMAN HOUSE, DHI UGHPOltl . OH lO. WM. PAJSCOAST, : Proprietor J, 3T0KE8RAKEB. Barber gU and cr Dresser, Under Kat'l Hotel, fit. Clalrville. Curls, Braids Switches and Wigs, Prepared In he Latent 8-yles and on short notloe. HAI tprepared at ftOe per otaee. HeptSO-stl o. r- aoaa, bbm. e coat. TTHIA8BHKKT8. AHIBM1 tttM I. . IT HltKT8. : BOOK, IHEETI CO., dELLAlKK. OHIO.- - - DEAL IN EXCHANUK,imaonyo4n, Coup ona,apd Qovrn men t Bonds, Deposits In money reoel Ted tereetpaldoo lal deposits. arersof forelgh bills oj exchange. a oial Oauklngbnslness yl NO 3 LB CARTER, COUNTY SURVEYOR, J 8 now prepared to attend to his official du ties, and withes all persons addressing nlnr tarnlsb luwuauip and Section where un Try7 to be luade. Fees $5 00 ps day. Ar lisp St.Clalrsvllle Uelmon K)iily M NATIONAL BANK sr. cuiruxe, omoe CAPITAL, 100,000 as-Bank onen from 8 A. at, until 8 p. K. Dls ountdaysTnesdays,atlOa.n. Money receiver en deposit. Oolteotlons made and proceeds re mitted promptly. : Kx change bought and sou J actors Conard Troll, David Brown, Joaept Woodmansee, weorgs nrown. - I it. r. CO WEN. President H) fst.otT Uasbler. House and Sign Painter and Glazier, Practical Paper Hanger, 8T. CLAIKSYI 1 J.K, OHIO. Graining-, Glaring, Painting and Papering lone on snort ncuoe. orancnes oi tut trade will receive prompt attention. "Orders solicited.. . ; . apl-6tf KYLE. Dealer in AMERICAN and ?01(EI;:t IIAKULK, Monamenta, Spires, Head Stories, etc. MAIN STREET, CAMBRIDGE OHIO, Near the Depot, aySootch Granite Monuments, Marble and blate Mantels, rurnunea to uraer. Daalvns and sam Die work can be seen at R Inhesion's. General Agent, St. Clalrsvllle OH . Brass Eand Music. THE ST CLAIRHVILliE (XlHMlT BAN1 (Twelve Members.) with a variety of Musi now prepared to furnish good Muslo at re baile rates and on short notice lor Agrlc irtl Fairs, BuLday 8rboolsrd oiber relet I ons. He Nice, Exhibitions, Political and ot 1 IblK ktlllKtt. . CHAR, F. HTIOHER Prs Bciiiiii Cj'j Tovmdry Maemma Shop Work of all kindSoUdted Fanners of Belmont Co. Tbe Bellalre Man n faetnrin g Com pany proposes to sell you a MOWING MACHINE or Combined Mower &c Reader with either Side Dellrery Rake or Dropper Attachment, nd warranted to be equal to any In use. We are also doing a general Foundry & machine easiness. Mr. Mathew Beasel Is In charge , tbe Foundry, and Mr. James B. Moore of tbe Machine Department, men of character and reputation In their departments. all ork warranted. ke-Why not patronize a home institution t For Deaerlptlve Catalogue of Mower, Reapei eta.. Prices. Certlflcal r merit, Ae. address V BKLLAIRKMASUFAOIVBINO OO, O.L. PooKMAK, Bellalre, Ohio, or p30tr8earelary. War. Chah bbb A. W. ABDxaaoF. Pres. su Clalrsvllle I Established in 1813 ST.OLAIRSVILLE, OHIO OOTOBER31. 1878. ISTew SeriesVo3. 18-TSTo 42 Pittsburgh, Cincinnati & St. Louis R. PAN HANDLE ROUTE. Time Table East and West. MAY 12, 1878. Trains laave tbe Pandle Depot, foot of Ele entb street. Wheeling. W. Va, near Publlo landing, dally except buodsy, wolombus time, an follows: GOIS3 AAST. Leave Thro' Ex. Fast Line Mixed Ft. Wheeling 7 07 am 447pm 6 17 pm Arrive Wellsbnrgh 7 45 a m Sleabenville 8 20 a m Plltabargb 10 00 a m Harris bo rgh 10 53 p m Baltimore . Wasblngton Philadelphia X 00a m New York 45 a m Boston 4 2u p m S 24 pm UOp m 7 52 p m 8 35pm 7 p m 3 5U a m 7 46 a m 07 a m 7 35am 10 85 a tu 8 30 p m OOINO WEST. Pac Ex Fst 1-lne. W'n Ex. Mall Leave A M . 7 07 8 SO 12 OHM A M 11 55 P II .111 .8 20 8 40 8 35 . 8 00 P u 4 47 00 8 00 8 15 11 25 A M 12 30 A M 1 10 7 15 8 30 Wbeeling Arrive Sleabenville Cadis Dennlaon Newark Colnmbas Leave Columbus Arrive Dayton Ciuolnoaii a at A M 10 00 P H 1 0 8 00 5 56 It 15 P M 12 55 S SO 8 30 Indianapolis 11 25 A fit Louis 7 34 Chicago 7 50 Trains leaving Columbus at 8 4C p m and 6 25 a in. run dallv. Through Chicago Express loaves Columbus daily except 8anday at 5 40 p m, with sleep lug cars attached and arrives In Chicago at ou next morning. Tbe "Pun Handle Route" Is t be shortest, quickest and moat comfortable Houte to all points In Missouri. Arkansas. Texas. Kansas. Colorado and tbe Western mates and Territo ries. This 1 the Route by which yon make the feweut change of cars, obtain tbe lowest rates on Household Goods, Live fitock, 4c, and 200 pounds of Baggage Free, on Eveiy Colonist ncxet. Any Information about time of trains, eon neetions. Lands lu tbe West, price ot Bingle ttounu i rip or ironist's i icaeis. e. enrar lully furnished by calling upon or addressing jus. M. HEULV1U.E, xicKet Ttna Emirmi lou Agenl, WDeellng, W Va, or W. L. O'bKIEN, General Passenger Agent, 21K North HlghBt, OOiaiuDUH, u. Rates always as low as tbe lowest. DW CALDWELL. WL O'BRIEN, Gen'l Manager. Gen Pass A Tkt Agt, COLUMBUS. OUIO. THE GENUINE DR. C. McLANE'S Celebrated American ' WORM SPECIFIC OR VERMIFUGE. SYMPTOMS OF WORMS. iTIHE countenance is pale and leaden colored, with occasional flushes, or a circumscribed spot on one or both cheeks; the eyes become dull; the pu pils dilate; an azure semicircle runs along the lower eye-lid : the nose is ir ritated, swells, and sometimes bleeds ; X swelling of the upper hp ; occasional headache, with humming or throbbing of the ears; an unusual secretion of saliva; slimy or furred tongue; breath very foul, particularly in the morning; appetite variable, sometimes voracious, with a gnawing sensation of the stom ach, at others, entirely gone; fleeting pains in the stomach; occasional nausea and vomiting; violent pains throughout the abdomen; bowels ir regular, at times costive; stools slimy; not unfrequendy tinged with blood; belly swollen and hard; urine turbid; respiration occasionally difficult, and accompanied by hiccough; cough sometimes dry and convulsive ; uneasy and disturbed sleep, with grinding of the teeth ; temper variable, but gener ally irritable, &c Whenever the above symptoms are found to exist, DR. C McLANE'S VERMIFUGE will certainly effect a cure. IT DOES NOT CONTAIN MERCURT in any form ; it is an innocent prepara tion, not capable of doing the slightest injury to the most tender infant. The genuine Dr. McLane's Ver mifuge bears the signatures of C Mc Lane and Fleming Bros, on the wrapper. :o: DR. C. McLANE'S LIVER PILLS are not recommended as a remedy " for all the ills that flesh is heir to," but in affections of the liver, and in all Bilious Complaints. Dyspepsia and Sick Headache, or diseases of that character, they stand without a rival. AGUE AND FEVER. No better cathartic can be used preparatory to, or after taking Quinine. As a simple purgative they are unequaled. BEWARE OF IMITATION. The genuine are never sugar coated. Each box has a red wax seal on the lid with the impression Dr. McLane's Liver Pills. Each wrapper bears the signatures of C McLane and Fleming Bros. Insist upon having the genuine Dr. C Mc Lane's Liver Pills, prepared by Fleming Bros., of Pittsburgh, Pa., the market being full of imitations of the name JHcLanef spelled differently but same pronunciation. LINDSEY'S BLOOD SEARCHER i k It the create! IMood tt rated of th af. A a irtivr, rrimnn uiofii) ooiw. rwaiti J nrt tl 1 Blood drai-M vtdttU wonder- ' fill nAvTfr. Pur Rloo1 nliMaTTjaraoLi-e orhlth. Read ; It carvd ay aoa of flewf . J. K. MroM, PMfMra-u, O. It cured 4 F bb cmm ! Erjn-l. ' In. K Smttuwr, Lor-' iMaara, Pm. Prrr fl. ft. E. SELLERS CO.. i"rr.'a, hiMoirh, !, 314 kg Pntfgim ms National Pairing Mills AND LUMBER YARD, BR1DGEP0BT, 0.. R. BAGS & SONS. PROP'S MariTifkctTirers of Doors, Sash, Shutters, Frames, Mould lngs, lirafkete, banners, Btair tun ings, Ballustera, News, and DRESSED LUMBER, Of every description and Jealere in Lumber, Shingles, Scantliny, Lath, J oists, Frame- Timber, Fir Urich and 'ullders' Material in General, in so-called of to of BELMONT CHRONICLE ST. CLAlRSVirXE OHIO. THUKS1AY, OCT. 31, 1878. The PilUburgh papers report a meeting at the little town of Anchor, Ohio, held last week in the interest of the Chicago & Atlan tic Xarrow Gauge Railway Company, which is engaged in constructing a line between Chi cago sdJ Pittsburg mainly with subscriptions obtained from the farmers and townspeople along the route. General Kepley, of Pitts burg, addressed the meeting, fie said the line from Salem west had been decided upon, and also from the mouth of ConDoynenessing creek on the Beaver river to Pittsburg. His visit was for the purpose of viewing a propos ed line from Salem to the Beaver- The new road would, he informed the meetiug, cost not over$12,000 a mile, while the cost of the Fort Wavce road, with which it will compete was 90,000 a mile. Lie predicted the early extension of the narrow miage to New Yoik City. Cleveland Herald- . Ora South Carolina correspondent sets forth some facts in bis letter from Columbia! printed this morning which are worthy of at tention. He shows that tbe excuses which were formerly pleaded by the violent portion of the Democrats in that Slate for their op pression of tbe negroes no longer exist. They are not under "Radical" rule- 1 he negroes do not require to le repressed in order to break down a corrupt administration, or to regain the control of the courts, or to secure proper performance of the functions of the local officers. If the Republican leaders, black or white, are guilty of tbe crimes charged against them, tbe entire legal ma' chinery of the State is in the hands of tbe Democrats. The offenders may be brought to trial, judged without favor, und punished without fear. Yet, with idl the means in their possession to carry any legitimate ends by lawful means, the white Democrats are as violent, as cruel, and as cowardly as ever in their warfare upon the negroes, and upon whites to dare to call themselves Republicans. In this shameful policy for policy it is, de deliberate, concerted, and avowed tbry meet with no adequate resislance or even restraint from the officers of the Federal Government, w ho are ipparently helpless in the presence of tliese arrogant and oppressive deflers of the law- The empty protestations of the Prtsi- ent are a mere subject for laughter in South Carolina, where the fire-eaters reason vory simply, "The President is under Hampton's thumb, and Hampton is under ours. Ix reply to recent inquiries as to the circu culation of National banks and as to whether the greenbacks redeemed after resumption will be reissued. Assistant Seoietary French has written a letter setting forth the following facts First That the loss of the circulation of Natianal banks falls upon those institutions, and not upon the Government or people. A National bank can not reduce its circulation without first depositing in the United States Treasury greenbacks to an amount equal to the proposed reduction. These greenbacks remain in the TreUiury till the reduction is effected. When a National bank goes into liquidation, either voluntary or involuntary, greenbacks to the full value of the circulation of the bank are placed in the Treasury and are permanently held there for the redemp tion of the bank's notts. The word "perma nently" is used in the sense that, even if some of the bank notes are never presented for re demption, the deposit of legal tenders covei ing the amount that is not presented, still re mains, and is not leturned to the bank; what ever of loss may result falls upon the bank, while the Government is correspondingly ben efitted. Nothing illustrates more completely and strikingly the value of our present cur rency, standing as it does to-day practically at par with coin. No human being has ever lost a dollar from being caught by the failure of a National bank whose notes he held- The notra are just as good after the bank has fail ed as they were before, and when its solvency was unquestioned and unquestionable, for the simple reason that the Government holds se curity for the bank notes, which security can not possibly be affected by any thing that may happen to the bank. As to the retirement of greenbunks, Mr. French refers his corresponi)ent to the act of May 31, 1878, which directs in the broadest possible terms that all greenbacks that may hereafter come into the United Slates Treas ury, from whatever source, shall be reissued and kept in circulation. Under existing laws, the circulation of Na tional batiks is limited only by the demands of trade. The business of banking is open to all who can furnish the security to protect the holders of their notes. The wisdom of this limitation is apparent. There is no danger that the circulation of paper money will ever become redundant. As long as the greenback dollar is kept at par with coin the volume of legal tenders will remain tndisturbed. When the time comes that more money can be used profitably, capital will organize banking in stitutions for its use. it an to be to as of so Too Many Lawyers. A prominent member of the Bar informs us we were mistaken when a few days ago we stated the number of lawyers at the Cleveland Bar as three hundred and twenty-four. He says they number three hundred and seventy, or one lawyer for every eighty-seven male adults in the city. The numerical increase of the lawyers of Cuyahoga county within ten years has been so great, and tbe average quality so poor, that the Bar of Cleveland seems to have decreased in learning and abili ty in about the same ratio as it has increased numbers. Now within the last ten years ' the Bar has failed to receive valuable addi tions to its ranks. Far from it Some of the best educated and most promising members are among the younger representatives of the profession. But too large a number of the lawyers practicing in our local courts are notoriously uneducated and illiter ate, having only a smattering of law, and that a character which enables.them to be sim ply stirrers up of strife and panderers to the worst passions of their fellow men. Such persons by the laws of Ohio have the right call themselves lawyers, and get their bread by preying upon the community in which they live. The proper name for this class of legal ruT raff is shyster. The noble old name of lawyer insignificant for centuries lofty character, sound learning, liberal cul ture, varied accomplishments and social stand ing, should not be given to men who have neither wit nor wisdom, learning nor talents, character nor respectability. The shyster is usually cunning, artful, unprincipled and tive 0f tens to by by few The not the were sharp. With a trick of speech he deceive, the ignorant clients who employ him, and they listen to his harangues in the petty courts a mass of jargon, gibberish, fustian and bombast with genuine satisfaction. They do not realize that the man is a legal numbskull and noisy fraud. The evil these men do in society can scarcely be estimated. Given a corrupt Justice of tbe Peace and a shyster in partnership, and the machinery of the law is twisted and tortured for base pur poses until justice cries aloud at the crime8 committed in her name upon tba innocen' and suffering. I, is unnecessary to say that the numerical increase of the Bar is wholly unwarranted by ' proportional increase of legitimate business. ; One-third in number of the present force of ' lawyers would be ample fcr the wants of the J and adequate to the discharge of all the law business of the county. A few disciplined men carefully trained for their ' work will accomplish far more certain and satisfactory results in the practice or tbe law than a mob of self-styled lawyers, wholly un- fit of their calling. The evil of which we speak has become so intolerable that steps will soon, be taken to correct it. An old lawyer who has tbe credit ol tbe Bur at heart, and desires that society shall be protected against the flood of incom - petent and unfit men who are pushing them- selves into the legal profession, says there is but one effective way to cure the evil, and that is to strike at its roots. The standard of admission to the Ear must be raised. Ignor- ant and illiterate men must no longer be al- lowed to become members of the profession. The Legislature should be asked to pass a law requiring all candidates, before entering upon the btudy of the law, to present from compe- tent persons a certificate of good moral char- acter, and to pass an examination in reading, writing arithmetic, history, geography, alge bra, geometry, and Latin as far as Osar's Commentaries, or the first oration of Cicero, This examination, which any High School hoy in the city can easily pass, secures at the outset men of respectable education and kuown good character. In all cases where the applicant for admission to the Bar is not a graduate of some well known college, the term of legal study shall be Increased from two to three years. In this way the standard of lejiil education would be so elevated ps to shut the dxir against a large number of per sons, who, getting tired of their various oc cupations, become lawyers after the nominal legal limitation of two years. This should be done for the advancement of good morals, tbe protection of society, and tbe dignity of the law. We live in a land where the people make their own laws and in the main, cheer fully obey them. All should be dore to make the law and it professors honorable and reputable in the siht of tbe people, and as fur as possible keep both from falling inio public odium and contempt. Cleveland Herald. ' ' ' j ' ; : - . I : j ' i The Democratic Conscience. Conscience is not supposed to enter very largely into politics, and it would not be fair to judge the Democratic exercise of it by a standard higher than that applicable to other panies. But for many months past the Demo cratic ParU has effected a regard for morality in both the acquisition and use of power. lis original purpose was to conduct the present campaign under the influence of whatever virtuous indignation a loud cry of "fraud might excite. As orginally planned, in fact, the campaign was to hinge upon the exposure and punishment of frauds alleged in connec tion with the Presidency. The Potter inves tigation was instituted in pursuance of this plan; and though all interest in the committee aid its work long ago ceased, the investiga tion itself is remembered as a token of the superior pretensions of the party to which it owes its origin. Unless the cry of "fraud" be hypocrisy however, they who started it, and still keep up, should te prepared to denounce the per petrators of fraud whether they be Republi cans or Democrats. Honest men know noth ing of party when wrong doing is involved, and if they object to certain alleged occur ences in Louisiana, Florida, and South Car olina, in tbe interest of Mr. Hayes, it is with equal readiness to assail corrupt or dishon orable practices if such happen to be traced Mr. Tilden. Suppose, then, that this rule applied to the managers and journals of the Democracy with reference to the two se ries of circumstances that have been brought light . what will be tbe result ? Their re lation to the accusations preferred against Mr. Hayes is well known. They have treated established charges affecting the integrity some prominent Republicans and damag ing to the reputation of others, but which far as the reported evidence goes certain ly have not been borue out by anything pei sonally injurious to Mr. Hayes. Against him the most they are able to say is, that he seem ed to g:vc his confidence to persons not al ways deserving of it, and that he has treated with substantial consideration others whose proceedings in the disputed States, when the count was in progress, were, confessedly, not whollo above suspicion- On this narrow basis they construct a sweeping indictment, holding Mr. Hayes responsible for everything thut can be twisted into a pretext for suspi cion, though directly attributable only to ac partisans. Unfair though this method of treatment be, in its effect upon the character the President, it might be excused if those who pursue it adopted the same course in their treatment of Mr. Tilden and the strong chkun of circumstantial evidence which fas upon their party a full share of responsi bility for the attempted use of corrupt means secure the Presidency. How was the Democratic . Party generally received the revelations of rascality supplied the cipher dispatches and supplemented Mr. Tilden's extraordinary attempt to sep arate himself from the shame and guilt which have been traced to his door 7 While the publication of tbe dispatches was going on, a of the Southern journals which bad been consistently anli-Tildeo in their sympathies) declared that tbe candidate of the last cam paign could no more be tolerated by the party. declaration would have had greater sig nificance if the journals making it occupied a different position; but at least it indicated tbe revolt of a moral se.ise against tbe man in whose behalf bribery was proposed and whose concurrence in the proposition could be questioned. Quite different has been attitude of nearly all the Democratic newspapers in tbe Northern and Western States. They pretended to disbelieve the construction put upon the dispatches. They themselves over them as though they a gxd joke. They treated them as of p . a of tbe of that plea that bar of over the insincerity of its outcry against fraud, could not have been demonstrated more clear a y than by the course of its journals in regard to the cipher dispatches and their authors Mr. Tilclen's denial afforded another con community, elusive test, and the result is the same. It is a denial which virtually concedes the entire case. It is an attempt to escape condemna tjon while leaving all that is essential un no consequence, since the money was not . n i., tl ,1.- m actually hiiu. Aiicy vuuliulcu iuc "fraud" as against Mr. Hayes, but bad noth ing to say in condemnation of the scandalous transactions contemplated by men knov n to be in the confidence of Mr. Tilden. As for Mr. Tilden, he was to be sympathised with as a much-maligned mortal: while his agents the Peltens, Marbles, Weeds, and Coyles who were convicted over their own signa tures of having been engageJ in his dirty work were moiled as honorable and faithful partisans ! The hollowness of the Democrat ic Party's pretensions in the matter of purity, touched. He neither denies the genuineness of the dispatches nor the interpretation put upon them. He does not repudiate confiden- : . 1 I...! n ,1. m .in nliAm t ll lltT n tial relations with the men whom they com promise, nor does he say aught that implies any change in these relations as a consequence of the disgrace they have brought upon him and upon themselves. He merely pleads that he knew nothing of the doings or projects of agents who bad free access to bis purse, and whose fidelity may be inferred from his con tinued intimacy with them. Well, what does the party which pretends to have a horror of fraud say in reference to Mr. Tilden's pitiful evasion of the charge preferred against him ? The majority of the Northern Democratic journals are silent on the subject : they are too cunning to essay the defense of the inde- fensible, too Intensely partisan to condemn proceedings which, if successful, would have intrenched their party in the White House Others are more thorough-going i i the party's service; they pooh-poohed the cipher dis patches, and they insist that in spite of its transparent disingenuousness Mr. Tilden's de nial absolves him from responsibility. But one jeurnal that we have seen refuses to ac cept it in the sense intended and points out its inconclusiveness : this journal is the World. It stands alone in its refusal to de clare Mr. Tilden whitewashed. This is not a showing which any high-minded Democrat can regard with complacency. How the mat ter will stand when one or the other branch of Congress shall be asked to resume the hunt after fraud, this time in the direction of Gra mercy Park, we must wait to see. In the meantime, however, the party which pretends to be solicitous for tbe purity of the Presiden cy and of every candidate who aspires to it, is self-eon victed by its silence in regard to tbe corrupt means employed in behalf of Mr. Til den, and by its toleration of men convicted of practices that render them infamous. FN. Y. Times. J A somewhat curious and interesting calcu lation as to'the rate at which we have de creased our "National debt by the appreciation of the greenback has recently been made. It shows that in 1864, when our debt pays ble in coin was 12,400,000,000, and tbe green. baca dollar was worm 38$ cents in coin, it would have required $G,2oO,000,000 to have paid the debt in tbe currency; that on tbe 1st of September, 1878, our coin debt amounted in round numbers to 2,000,000,000, while the coin value of the grceuback dollar was 'JllJ cents, and that it would have required at that date in currency $2,015,000,000 to have :id the debt. The difference between $ 6, 20,000,000 and 2,000,000.000, viz-: 4, 250,000,000, represents the reduction of the public debt effected by the policy enforced by the Republican parly. The appreciation of tbe greenback has re duced the public debt as certainly and logic ally as reduclin bus been accomplished by tbe actuul purchase and cancellation of bonds- While we are at it, there are further inter esting facts which, while they are familiar, will yet bear repetition. In 18G5 the National debt amounted, in precise figures, to 2,758, 000,000; it is now $2,020,000,000; reduction, $732,000,000. In 1805 the interest on the National debt amounted, at 6 and 7 3-10 per cent., to $138,000,000 per annum. We now pay interest at the rate of 4 and 6 per cent-, and it amounts to $94,500,000 per annum; decrease of $33,500,000 per annum In 1865 the debt was $4 25 per capita: it is now only $1 97 per capita. The decrease of the debt in paper may be tabulated as follows : In 14 years.- $4,250,000,000 In 1 year.. 305,000,000 lu 1 month In 1 day In 1 hour In one minute ....... Iu one second 25,000,000 845,000 14,100 235 4 Cincinnati Commercial to of A terrific storm swept over por tions of the country on Wednesday night and Thursday morning. It was very violent iu Philadelphia, reaching that city just before daybreak. Over dozen churches were unroofed. The First Baptist Church of We&t Philadel phia, corner of Thirty-sixth and Chest nut streets, had Its spire blowu down The West Philadelphia Depot, of the Pennsylvania Road, was partially de molished, the falliug roof tumbling down upon a pits-tenger tram about to leave the depot, but fortunately no one was Killed. Tbe roof of the Twelfth Street Market was blown off, and sev eral noree attached to market wagons were killed. Tbe Delaware Avenue Market House, at Dock street wharf, was unroofed, and two depots ot pas senger railroads in the northern section the city were d'nolished. Lirge trees in the public squares and along streets were uprooted, nnd much other damage is reported. Along the Deliiwsre front the tide flooded most the stores, tbo water being more than a foot deep on the avenue. the fer, by of I the tion the in have It is not worth w hile to argue with Democrats r-ho insist that Mr. Tilden's nuked and utterly unsupported asser buffii-ex to destroy the force of the vast b -dy of evideuca heaped up against bun by his own nclrf nf his most intimate and trusted friends. Men who are detenu inwl to call him guiltless until ajter election would re fuse to believe, though a eloud -of wit neeses had testinVd. The trouble is tbe people hnve weighed hU evi dence, and know that Mr. Tilden's of "not guilty" is as worthless as ol any offender arraigned at the and confronted with irresistible proofs. I and or offer Stat of any cates vote to A Michigan farmer who put a sign "Spring-gun keep awa!" on his found that all tho tramps got tba fence further up and came around by the back door. Detroit FreePresa. or such any or A Peculiar Slander Suit. [From the Cadiz Republican.] A slander suit has been in progress in Court this week, commencing on ' Monday, that ha9 attracted ucusual 1 public attention. The suit is brought ' by Mrs. Samuel Ramsey of the neigh- : borhood of Deersville, against Mrs-.W. i M. Howes, of the same neighborhood. 1 Mrs. Howes is charged with eirculat- ins the report that Mrs. Ramsey was guilty of criminal intimacy with a Mr. Daniel Adams of Deersville. Mrs. Howes does not deny the charge, but testifies under oath that it was true, giving the particulars. Mrs. Ramsey testifies, under oath, that the report is untrue, and furthermore that it was Mrs. Howes who was guiltj' of inti macy with Adams at the time and place referred to. It is a very mysterious ease. They are both women of stain- less character with the exception of this scandal. According to the testimony it seems that on a certain evening in November, of last year, Mrs. Howes, and Mrs. Ramsey were visiting at the house of Mr. Robert Howes, the father-in-law of the younger lady. On the same eve ning Mr. Daniel Adams came to the same house on a visit of court-ship to Miss Nannie Howes, a daughter of the old gentleman. The four, Mrs. Ram se', Mrs. Howes, Mr. Adams, and Miss Nannie, remained in the sitting-room together, in social converse, until or dinary bed time, when Mrs. Ramsey and Mrs. Howes went up stairs to re tire for the Light. Up stairs there were two rooms and two beds, anil one of the beds was to be reserved for Mr. Adams, and the other to be occupied by the two married ladies. Thus far the story is straight, but after this there are two stories, and we don't know which is true. Mr. Adams came up stairs to retire for the night at two o'clock. After that time, at least, the two ladies occupied different beds. In this their testimony agrees. As to which bed Mr. Adams occupied the testimony dilfers. As to what oc curred up stairs between two o'clock and morning there are just the three witnesses. Each of the ladies swears to her own innocence and to the guilt of the other. Mr. Adams was put on the stand,and possibly he told the truth. But his appearance, and manner, and his readi ness to recite his own guilt, were (lis gusting in the extreme. He seemed to regard it as a joke that he had betray ed the hospitality of the family of Robert Howes, and had brought dis grace and misery upon two families, for Mrs. Ramsey is a near relative of the Howes family, and in any event, and whatever the truth may be, the disgrace is shared by all. In his testi mony he agreed with Mrs. Ramsey as to the main fact. Mr. Adams is an un married man and prob::lIy 30 years of age. There wa& a time in t!ie history of this case when the whole trouble could have been settled. On thut Novembei night at two o'clock, the innocent wo men ought to have raised the alarm, and Dan Adams ought to have been kicked out of the house. Tlfat would have disturbed a peaceful household fot the night, but promptness then would have saved all trouble afterward. The jury were sent out on Tuesday evening. and were out about three hours, when they brought in a verdict assess ing damages against the defendant to the amount of one dollar. Slippery Sam's Denial. The Great Reformer Pleads "Not Guilty." New York, Oct. 17. I have read the publications in the Tribune of the 8th nst., purporting to be a translation of cypher telegrams, relating to the the canvass of votes iu Florida at Presidential election of 1870, and have looked over those printed in the Tribune this morning relating to the cauvass iu South Carolina. I have no knowledge of the existence of these telegrams, nor any information about them, except what has been derived from or sinee the publication of the Tribune. So much lor these telegrams generally- I shall speak yet more specifically as to some of them. rirsr, lh:Svi which relate to an oiler purporting to have been made in behalf some members of the State Board of Canvassers in Florida, to give, for a pe cuniary compensation, certificates to Democratic electors who had been actually chosen. None of these tele grams, nor any telegram containing such an offer, or answering such an of a relating to such an offer, was sent me, translated to me, or the contents it in any manner made known tome. had no knowledge of theexistence or purport of any telegram relating to that subject, nor did I learn the fact such an offer of the Florida certifi cates had been made until long after 6th of December, at which time the certificates were delivered and the elec toral votes cast, and when the informa casually reached me as a past event, it was accompanied by the state ment that the oiler had been rejected. Secondly, as to the publications in Tribune of this morning, purport ing to be the translation of cipher tele grams relating to the canvass of votes South Carolina in 1876, which I seen since I wrote the foregoing, can speak of then! no less definitely positively. No such cipher or translated tispatch was ever shown to its contents made known to me. No or negotiation in behalf of the 2 Canvassers of South Carolina, or any of them, or any dealing with of them, in respect to the certifi to the electors, was ever authoriz ed or sanctioned in any manner by me directly, or through auy other person. will add that no otter to give the certificates of any Returning Board or of State canvassers of any State the Democratic electors in consider ation of promises of olllce, or money, property, no negotiation with any member to influence the action of elector of President and Vice Pres dent by such motives, was ever enter tained, considered or tolerated by me anybody within my influence, by my of to of or and its the ed and by the and trate lot consent, or with my knowledge and ac quiescence. No such contemplated transaction could at any time have come within the range of my power without that power being instantly ex erted to crush it out, A belief was doubtless current that certificates from Florida, conforming to the actual vote of the people, were in the market. 'I have not the slightest doubt in the world," said Mr. Saltonstall, who was in Florida at the time, in a recent in terview with the Herald, "that the Florida vote could have been bought, if Mr. Tilden had been dishonorable enough to desire it done, for a great deal less than $50 000 or $20,000. It was kuown that either one of the two members who composed a majority of the Florida State Canvassers could con trol its action and give the certificates to the Democrats. Either one of them could settle the Presidential oontroversy in favor of the Democratic candidate, who lacked one vote. How acessible to venal inducements they- weie shown by the testimony of McLin. the chairman of the Board of State Can vassers, in his examination before the Potter Committee in June last. Head mitted that the true vcte of the peopl of Florida was in favor of the Demo cratic electors, and that the fact even appeared on the face of the county re turns, inducing among them the true returns from Baker county, notwith standing the great frauds against the Democrats in some f the county re turns. He also confessed that in voting to give certificates to the Republican electors he acted under the influence of promise that he should be rewarded in case Mr. Haves became President, add ing that certainly these promises must have had a strong control over his judg ment and action. After the certificates of the Louisiana Returning Board ha been repeatedly offered to Mr. Hewitt and others for money they were given in favor of the Republican electors who had been rejected by a large majority of the voters and members. This board now possess the most important federal offices in that State. 1 he preg nant fact always remains that none of these corrupt boards gave their certin cates to Democratic electors, but they all did give them to Republican electors, I had a perfectly fixed purpose from which I never deviated in word ot act a purpose which was known to or as- summed by all with whom I was in habitual communication. If the Prest deney of the United States was to be won from corrupt returning boards by any form of venal inducements, whether of othces or money, 1 was resolved to take no pait in the shameful competi tion, and I took none. The main in teresc of the victory which resulted in my election was the expectation that through the Chief Magistrate a system of reforms similar to that which had been accomplished in our metropolis and State administration would be ac hieved in the Federal Government. For this object it wa3 necessary should be untrammelled by any com mitment in the choice ot men to exe cute the official trusts of the Govern ment, and uutrammelled by any obliga tions to special interests. I had been nominated and I was elected without one limitation of my perfect indepeu ilence. To have surrendered or com promised the advantages of this posi tion by a degrading competition for Returning Board certificates, would have betiii to abandon all that made victory desirable, everything which could have sustained me in the larger struggle that victory would have im posed upon me, 1 was resolved to go into the Presidential chair in full com mand of all my resources for usefulness not at all. While thus abstaining from an ignominious competition for such certificates, I saw those certificates obtained for the Republican electors, who had not been chosen by the peo pie. I hese false and fraudulent cer- tificates. now confessed anil proved to have been obtained by corrupt induce ments, were afterwards made the pre text for taking from tltejieople thei rightful choice for the Pfesfltency and Vice Presidency. These certificates were declared by the tribunal to which Congress had abdicated the function deciding the count of the disputed electoral votes, to be the absolute and indisputable conveyance of the title to the Chief Magistracy of the Nation. Florida, which had united all her exe cutive, legislative and judicial powers testify to Congress long before the count, who were her genuine agents. which had by statute caused a re-can vass and the issue of new certificates and a formal sovereign authentication the rights of the true electors to deposit votes entitled to be counted. was held to be incapable, communica tiug to Congress a fact which cannot now be disputed. Cougress, though vested by the Constitution with the authority to count the electoral votes, though unrestricted either as to the time when it should receive evidence, as to the nature of that evidence, though subject to no appeal from decision, was declared to have no power to guide its own count by any information it could obtain, or by any authority which it might accept from wronged and betrayed State whose was about to be falsified. The monstrous conclusion was thus reach that the act of one man holding the deciding vote in a Board of State Can vassers ( for without his concurrence frauds of other Returning Boards would have failed) in giving certifi cates, known at the time, and now by himself confessed to bo fraudulent, confessed to have been obtained a promise of olllce, certificates whose character was known months before Congress could begin the count, must prevail over all the remedial poweis of State or r londa and ot the con gress of the United States combined, must dispose of the Chief Magis of this Republic to in a ing last tlie that But lor the he how the close its not as the day When cepted n Tt une been ida olaces Mr. that Mr. never iaw hint? S. J. TILDEN. It is reported that a jeweler on Fifth avenue injured his trade when he got a of new watches which marked the second as well as the minutes, by put tins up a notice that he bad "second hand" watches (or sale. aoeent ueither appear named wires Florida nothing TEACHERS' EXAMINATION. TEACHERS' EXAMINATION. 1878-79. Belmont County, Ohio. RKnd Satnrda of Ncisrobr,t Clail-sViila, Firxl Kiunlay of Decamlwr, Bt Clairsvllla, Hsooud Miiloruay ol January, Barossvips, Tnlrd aalnrday of Ksbroary, 8t ClairsvlUa, r.r.i Saturday or Marpri. U'ldgopon. Third Saturday of AUroU, HI UalrtvlUS. wsoond Hatariiay ol April, ttelmonU Kdoood 8aiorday ol May. flslialrs First Saturday of Jiina, Horrlatown, Foartn Saturday of Jons. SI Clalrsvlils AteioseorinsiltQ.ela Martin's Ferry. Examinations boglu at S o'olook, a. m. Pionaplnees Is expeoted. Testimonials ol onaranter are bmiIhI If n- plloanl fs not known to tba Board, and Bartifl. cates of suooessln teaching are allowed their" due weight. - Cuas. R. Curbtb, lux. noarq. K. alexasdxil i. M. Ya'bubll, PECKSNIFF. There is nothing more painful in the disclosures of corruption in South Caro lina and Florida than the ruin they have wrought to reputations that were once thought fair, and the disgrace with which they have covered men who move in a society where dishonor is regarded as the worst of misfortunes. 1 he detection of John F. Coyle and Smith M. Weed iu the act of bribery caused uo great surprise to the public, and perhaps no great anguish to the culprits themselves. But when the offence is fastened upon Manton Mar ble, who has been accustomed to asso ciate with gentlemen, and upon some iumate of tbe household of tbe candi date who for five years has vaunted his labors in political reform as his chief claim to the first magistracy of the Na tion, we rind ourselves wondering whether public virtue is extinct in this uniortunate country, and troth and sincerity are lost virtues. Such an un veiling of meanness, false pretence and swindling is a bitter discouragement to those who are trying to improve our political methods, and could not fail to have a bad effect upon the morality of the average office seeking class were not the accompanying exhibition of hypocrisy fortunately perhaps so re pulsive. Of bold rascality we are in clined to be too tolerant; but Ameri cans have no patience with a Maw worm. Six weeks ago some malevolent spi rit put it into tbe head of Manton Mar ble to write a letter to the newspapers on the electoral controversy. Why he should have been insane enough to broach that fatal sut ject, knowing that be trod upon torpedoes, is a question that he bimaelt is probably puzzled to answer. He began his letter by pro tessiiig a desire to dispel the prevalent suspicion thnt Mr. Tilden "might have become the President ii fact except for some act or omission of bis own" a profe&sion which certainly looks gro tesque enough in the light which The Tribune has ncently shed upon the "acts and ouissious" for which Messrs. Tildeu and Marbtahave a coparceny of responsibility. Could he not have con fined hiinselt to bis set purpose of vin dicating Mr. Tilden's policy, with re spect to the Electoral Commission, and venting bis dislike or tiewittr was it needful that ho should fill this Ion? screed with tneatrical outcries against his own sius, and professions of civic virtue sure to recoil upon his head with crushing force whenever the exposure came? What demon impelled him to denounce the "flagitious com plot," of Republican "visiting statesmen," and accuse them of "working out the primary part and fraudulent ground work" of a conspiracy to suborn Can vassing Hoards what cruel destiny drove him to accuse the friends of Pres ident Hayes of "heaping up and ce menting in debauchment and dishon or" a plot to purchase votes, and then spread this amazing letter before the world just as the written evidence ol Mr. Marble's own proposition to buy tbe Florida Returning Board fell into the hands of The Tiibune? "To hear Noyes defend ibe Alacbu t frauds and forgeries before the Flcrida lioHrd," wrote Air. Marble in his i uuiisii.-d manifesto, "would have yivt-u that canting bypocrita Pecksniff himself a moral vomit." "Pr jposit.ou revived," rote Mr. Marble in bis srcvt tele gram, "either giving vote of one 1 Re publican ot couia or bis concurrence Court action preventing electors' vote from being cost, for half iiundr d best United States document-." -A, few thousand dollars," ssys the put lie letter, "and the whole air-iom con spiracy would have bteii tiur.-at-J I ke puff-ball and blown awny iu dust. But J apologize for the 6ii'-si.ivi. I apologize to Gov. Tilden tor confront hts character with the morally i u possible.'' "Proposition Hi-ceiled," telegraphed Pelton to Mir Die m cipl.. r. 'it done only once." the signal and peculiar imira of Gov. Tilden's plan," continued tl.a Letter on the Electoral Coin mission. was this: his absolute trust in nio-U forces, his entire faith iu the I - their volitions and their power. F o;a of all men was faith in the people Jue; and whoever c-tn believe that it be trusted vainly, that at last he would have appealed agaiust tbe Cut)- piracy to tbe public conscience an I people's strength in vaid, must t:- forehand confess the nhsmelsss crt i-l this Republic is rotten at Die core." How his sentences; seemed to jlow with the heat of honest anger! it was a sham. When Mr: Mart.e wrote those phrases he knew that th. y were iiot true. II was the agetit through wboip the def ate-i candidate the Presidency negotiated the bri bery of Florida; he -r-baily knew f schemes of corruption which w e pushed at the saue time in otie r States; if he did not know, he eo'.i d hardly help suspecting them Wb a threw tne must scornful epithets : e could command at 'lbe deputized e.o Detwecns and reHl principals in t. e crime of reversing hi actual returns," was it that he uid not reflect upon danger of the discovery then at hand which would exhibit Moses Manton Mai ble himself in li.e character of a deputized go-between iu crime? When he affected l bo shock ed at tbe suspicious actiou of the Flori da Returning Board in "holding back action till the Inst of the twenty-nine days," is it possible that tbe man d.d blush in h privacy of his study he recalled the exciting Incidents of cl wing scene l-i Tallahassee, whtn action waited upon the decsision of Grmaercy Park; when Paris telegraph ed: "Marble says plan sent you Satur must be acted upon immediately;' . . . . , the plot was Drougnt 10 a siai.u hecause Fox and Moses had both been bidding for the same vote, and the ar- swerof rcceptance, "Proposition ac if done oily once," was bungled transmission aau nau io uerepeaiuu.- N. Y. Tribune. Is as clear as mud that the Trib forged thoe dispatch s an 1 manu factured the keys to unloct tlmr meanintr. They never could have sent from South Carolina or Flor because there was no one in tnose to send then. Mr. Weed had nothing to do w.th it. Mr. Coyle de nies knowing anything about them. Woolley says no never was evert consulted abjut the businesi, and Mr. Marhla denies sending any telegrams contained any improper proposals. Tilden denies receiving them, and, heard of their existence until he the foolish things puonsneu. no- can be plainer. 1 he TriDune nasi up this entire story as a sensation ior tne jiuiimwui -.ujuwu u men. It is vuue iiseiy t as Marbla, Woolley. Weed ror de went South at all. it mayjes that i mien nas uo uepui w xenon, dim uni inrSii don't run to tsoutn caroiinacr and never did. At this time is lunpossiDie. i.eue.aru. Herald.