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The Democratic pioneer. [volume] : (Upper Sandusky, Ohio) 1845-1853
Place of publication:
Upper Sandusky, Ohio
Geographic coverage:
  • Upper Sandusky, Wyandot, Ohio  |  View more titles from this: City County, State
W.T. Giles
Dates of publication:
  • Began with Aug. 29, 1845 issue; ceased with Apr. 15, 1853 issue?
  • English
  • Ohio--Upper Sandusky.--fast--(OCoLC)fst01222389
  • Upper Sandusky (Ohio)--Newspapers.
  • Archived issues are available in digital format from the Library of Congress Chronicling America online collection.
  • Description based on: Vol. 1, no. 3 (Sept. 12, 1845).
  • Editor: Elijah Giles, <1852>.
sn 85026335
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The Democratic pioneer. [volume] September 12, 1845 , Image 1


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The Democratic Pioneer, The Wyandot Pioneer and Wyandot County Republican

The Democratic Pioneer was not the first paper in Wyandot County, Ohio, nor was it the first to support the Democratic Party, but it certainly was the first to gain enough patronage to make it out of infancy. Started in August 1845 by William T. Giles, the Pioneer served the populace of Upper Sandusky, the seat of Wyandot County. Perhaps helping the paper gain early support was the eruption of the Mexican-American War in 1846. Giles printed regular updates from the battlefront, in addition to his usual weekly doses of news pertaining to the local community and political happenings.

After getting the paper on a good footing, Giles sold the Pioneer to Josiah Smith and Elijah Giles in 1849 in order to pursue riches during the California Gold Rush. Under new ownership, the Democratic Pioneer made it a point to create content that would be interesting to the farmer, mechanic, tradesman, and merchant who picked up the paper, often printing articles that listed up-to-date market prices, promoted local businesses, and shared livestock or agricultural knowledge.

William T. Giles returned to the Democratic Pioneer a few years later in 1853, taking back control of the paper he had started. In an effort to move away from Democratic politics, Giles renamed the paper the Wyandot Pioneer, opting for a more independent view of political happenings. Giles' reentry into the newspaper business did not last long. With weekly readership dwindling, he sold the Pioneer a year later to William Wilson who concentrated on advertisements and local news.

Finding it hard to turn a profit, Wilson sold the paper to George Keen and Horatio Lewis in 1856. With the Republican Party gaining steam, the Wyandot Pioneer, under its new owners, became the official organ of the party in the county. The Pioneer was sold to Charles G. Mugg in 1857, and less than a year later, William Wilson purchased the paper, resuming his role as editor and publisher until 1866.  Under his renewed tenure, the publication claimed to be Independent in politics, but soon began to support Republican candidates, including Abraham Lincoln for president in 1860.  The next owner was Pietro Cuneo, who changed the paper's name to the Wyandot County Republican in 1869 to accurately reflect its political affiliation. In 1903, the Wyandot County Republican merged with the Daily Union to form the Wyandot Union-Republican. After changing its name back to the Daily Union in 1916, the publication eventually merged with the Daily Chief in 1938. The currently running Daily Chief-Union in Upper Sandusky can trace its roots back to the Republican.

Provided by: Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH