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m FtUvw CititWof the Senate ' . ' J aiuf faoute 0 Rrprtientaliveit t.. Under the benignant Providence of Vl '011121117 God,lhe representatives uf. lb Statei and of. the,, people,, are, again . -brought . together io deliberate fur. (lie public good. Tiie gratitude "of fhe natioo to the Sovroigo Arbitrator'oT all human iivenli, aliould be commewrtirate with I lie boundless blessings which we enjoy. ' Peace, plenty rind 'contentment reign throughout onr'bbrders, and our beloved :otiolry presnts-a sublime moral specta ' 'clii'tu the .world. . " "' ,.. The'troubled and unsettled condition , , of lome of 1410 principal European pow ers, litrs bad a necessary tendency to ' 'check ttnd embarrais trade and to depress tpricei, throughout all Commercial nations; bul iiolwithstaudiog these causes the ,. llniled .Si a lev, with Ibeir "abundant . pro duels, have felt their effect! Ie severely than auy other country, and all'our great ielMeaU are atill prosperous and lucceiV lo reviewing the great evcnii of the past year, and emit ranting II -agitated and disturbed state of other' couofriea with -our own tranquil and bsppv condi tion, we may coiigratnlat&'eWielvea' I lint we are the moil favored people on ihe face of (he earth. VVjile the people of other countries are. alrnggling for1 free - jnstilu lions under which tnan may' govern 'himself, we are in the actual enjoyment of I he in a rich inheritance.,-, from our fatheri. While enlightened nations of " Europe ate couvulsed, aid dialracled by !; 'civil war, or intestine 'strife,'- we settle nil our political controversial by the peaceful exercise of the fight! of freemen at the ballot box. The great republican maxim an deeply engraved on tire hearts of our people, that the will of the major ity constitutionally expressed, aliall pre vail, is our lure safeguard against force and violence, il is a subject of just pride thai our fame and character aa a natioo continue rapidly lo advance in lire esti matiun of the civilized world. : To our wise and fr.ee institutions it is to be attributed, that while other nations have achieved glory at the price of the inffering, distress aod iniproverishmenl of their people, we have woo our honors ble position in the midst of an uninter rupted prosperity, and of aa increasing individual comtori ana happiness, 1 am happy to inform you that our relations with all nations are friendly and pacific Advantageous treaties of commerce have been concluded within tbe last four yesri with New Grenada, Peru, the two Sicil lies, liclgium, Hanover, Oldeobugh, Much lenburg, Schwerin, Pursuing our exam pie, the restrictive system of Great II r s tain, enr principal foreign Customer, has been relaxed; a more liberal Commercial policy has been adopted by other enlighi cned nations, and our trade has been greatly enlarged and extended. Our country stands higher la the respect of tho world than at any former period. To continue to occupy this proud position it is only necessary to preserve peace and faithfully adhere lo the great aod funda mental principle of our foreign policy, Don.interferenc in the domestic con cerns of other matlona. We recognize in all nationa the rights which we enjoy ourselves, and to chaoge aod reform their political institutions according to their own wills and pleasure. Nor do we look behind existing governments capable of maintaining their own authority. We recognize all such actual governments, not only from the dictates of true policy, but from a sacred regard for the indepen dence of nations. While this is our settled policy.it does not follow that wa can ever be indiffer ent speclatora of the progress of liberal principles. The government and people of the United Slates bailed with enthu sisaaem and delight the establishment of the French Republic, aa we now hail the efforts in progress to unit the States of Germany in Confederation, similar in many respects to our own Federal Union. If tbe great and enlightened German States, occupying as tbey do, a central and commanding position in Europe.shall succeed in establishing suoh a Confeder ated Government, securing at tbe same time to the citizens of each Stale, local government adapted to the peculiar coo d it ion ef each, unrestricted trade, & inter course with each oiber, it fill bo an im portant era in human events. ' Whilst it will consolidate and strengthen (ha pow er of Germany, it must essentially, pro mote the cause of pesce, commerce, civ ilizali'O, and constitutional liberty, throughout the world. With all tho Governments on (his eon nent, our relatioos, it is believed, are now on Dior friendly and satisfactory footing, than tbey have ever been at aoy former period. Sine lb exchange of ratifications of the trealy of peace with Mexico, our in tercourse wills tbe goveroment of tbat ltepublie baa bee of lb most frioodly character. , The Envoy Extraordinary aod Minister Plenipotentiary o( tbe Uui Slatts to Mexioo, Las been received and accredited, and a diplomatic represeaia. tioo from Jlexiciof a similar rank has been received aod accepted by this gov ernmeat. Tt saleable relatioos ' be twee lb two countries, which bad beeo auapeaded, Lave bee happily restored, ase are destined, 1 trust, to be rang pre lervetiv The two repwb'lii'a, trot'li sima ted '00 'tliis eoniineBl, and with cniiiigu Otis : territories, have : evert motive of sjmpalby end ol interests l oiod ihtfm together in perpetual amity. l" This gratify in g coudi tioti of otir foreign relatione rendera it unnettenary for me lo call your attention more specifically lo them. It-baa been my oonstsnl aim aod-d-esire to culiivaid peace and couiinrrce wVih aM nations: Iranquiliiy at home rind peaceful relations abroad, constitute the true pu" in alien I policy, of our country. .War, the scourge . of nations, sometimes " becomes inevitable, hut is always lo be avoided when it Can be duue Consistently with .the right aod honor ef the nation. . One ufllie most imp riant results of the war into w hich we wore recently forced with a neighboring nation, is the demon stration, it has afforded of the military strength of our country," Before the late war with Mexico, Europeno and other foreign powers, entertained imperfect arid , erroneous views of our physicl strength as nation, and of our ability to prosecute war and a war waged mil of -our own- coiinirv. The , saw that 00 r standing arm) on the peace eUbtilnnn did uol exceed lU.l'OU men Accust. .sue themselves, to maintaiu in peace, lai ne si audYiig armies fur lire protection ot lnoi'us against their own su j'ecis, as well as agaiust foreign enemies. I i.e J had not conceived thai 11 was possible for nation without such an army, welt di-ci pltned and of long service 10 wage war uccessfiill) . They held ' in low repute our militia, and were far from icgardiu them as an eflVcuve force, unless il migli be .for temporary defensive operations when invaded 00 our own soil. The event of the late war with Mexico, have not oh ly undeceived them but have removed er r'olieous impressions which have prevailed to some extent, even among a portion of our own country men. Thai war has de- moe.trated Ibai upon the breaking out of hostilities not am icipated.aud fur whicl no previous preparation had been made. a volunteer army Of citizen soldier equal 10 veteran lroop- and in numbers equal to any emergency, can in a short period be brought into the field. Unlike what would have; occurred in auy other country, we were under no necessity of resorting to Conscriptions. Uu the contrary, such was the number of volunteers who patriolical ly teudered toetr services, that the chief difficulty was in making selections, and determining who should renin in at home Our citizen soldiers are unlike those drawn from the population of any oilier country. They are composed mdisciiin iuately of all professsions and pursuits; of tanners,' lawyers, physicians, merchants, manufacturer mechanics and laborers; and t bus not onl . among ihe 1 flier ih, but private soldiers in ihe rank. Iliircmz 11 soldiers are unlike thi'Se of any other Country in other respects. They are aim ed, and have been accustomed from their youth up t handle and use fire arms; aud a large portion of them especially in the western and more newly settled States, are expert marks-men. I hey are men who have a reputation to maintain at borne by their good conduct in lie field, and they are intelligent, and there is an individuality of character which is found in the ranks of no other anny. The war with Mexico has demonstrated not oolv the ability of the government to oiganize a numerous army upon a sudden emergency, hut also lo provide II with all the munitions and necessary supplies with dispatch, convenience and ease, and to direct it operations with efficiency. The strength of our institutions has not only been displayed in the valor and skill of our troops engaged inacive service in Ihe field, hut in ao organisation of those executive branches which were charged with the general direction and conduct of the war. While loo great praise cannot be be slowed upon the officers and men who fought our bailies, it would be unjnsi to itnhold from tlmss offices necessarilt stationed at home, who were charged with the du'y ol furnishing the army, in proper lime aud proper places, with all tbe muoiiious of war and other supplies necessary to make it efficient, tbe com mendation which they are eotitled The credit due t this clas ol our rfflcers is the greater, when il is considered that 00 a run in ancient or inodorn times was ever better appointed or provided than our army in .Mexico operating in an en; emiee couuirj,-rem vd .V9 miles from tbe seal ol the federal Kuveininem, us d'flereM corps spreid over s vast eaienl 01 tcritt'f) , hundreds, and t-veu ittout- auos, v( mile apart liom each other ooibing .burl Of the.uotir.ng . ig tl.nce , sua ssirsaroiij - aw (lun ,.. noaaeasioii. alio whiou i sensed, of achieving 'for themselves an their country, ihe wnfadiog Kourt whioo I hey have won fot both. ; ' - When all these facte are 'CoTisiiWired, it 11 ay cease to be matter of so in no aumzemeiil abroad, tuy. It happened lhal Odr noble armt in Mexico, regulars, aoo Volunteers, were victorious, opon even baltlo field however feailul the udus against I hem. . . "The war with Mexico has thus fully developed the capacity-of republican gov ernniieiii , I' procuie Snccessfiilty a jtisi and neteSKsry reign war with all riji tiMia I a 1 1 11 nnled 1 o more arbitral firms ol lioverimieul. tt ti;is heeu nsoal for writers 00 public taw to impute 10 re publics" waut ol lhal Unity, concent ra tion of purpose anil.vigor of, execution winch are geueially aumnied lo bel M,g 10 the muiiarchlal and arrisiocraltc toruiAj and this leaittie of p. pular government has been supposed to display itself more parliottlarl) lu the conduct of a. war car lied uu 10 ao enemy's territory. The war with Mexico has developed more str ktngl) aur Conspicuously ano iher (ea ure 111 our insW'U loos ; i I-, ttiat .wt honi cosi to the gover..m nl,oi diag"r to or tilseny,' we have 111 the bo s imn ol our si.ciety.of 1,-eemeti, available in a jucl. aud necessary war, virtually a a si anu log a mi) of two milflons 1 1 ' ai tiled ci iZen soldiers, such as f tight the balile ol Mexio o . lint 001 111 it 1 1 a it tirengtli iloitnot cou sists atone in otircapaci'y iT Xteudid kiid success nl pei a Ions ntl land. I' ne navy is on imporiuot arm ul the national doieoce. Il Ui neivicea f 'lie N,.vy Were not ao Uiilltantas those of the army in the late war with Mexico, it was bee a one I be ) had no enr 111 ) o meet on their own element. While the arm) had oppinun it ie of performing 111 "re umi-p oinii- aor vice, the uavy largely participated 111 the conduct of Ihe war. U01I1 branches ul tho service performed their whole dui lo the conniry. Fur ihe ahle aud gal lain ivice ul ihe i mcers aod men of ihe navy, acting Independent, as well as in cu operation with our troops 10 Ihe Con quest ol tho Oaliforuus, tho capture ol Vers C'rnz, and I lie seatire and re occu pation of otoer 1 111 port ut p ai 1 1 -ns on ihe Uulf aud Pacific coasts, Ihe highest p ante is one. Their vigilance, ene gy auo aUliI rendered the uiosi effective seivtca in ex eluding I ne munitions of war aud other supplius from the enemj , while tney se cured a safe entrance for auuiidam sup plies iroiu toe enemy, While ihey xecmeo sa e euirauce for abu daoi supplies 101 their own ami), Our cl eudod couiiuerce was 110 where iutei rtiptwd, and for ill -iinuiiiiiii) Iri in the evils of r, Ine Coun ry is iuoobted to ihe uavy. High praise is due to Ine officers of ine several rxecn ive iiureaiis, uKtt -yards, id statlous Coiiiiecieu With the seii.ee all under 'he iinmediaie direc 1011 ol Hit Secretary of the Nvy, for tne indiisirj, reaight and energy wnh wuioli evoit thing .a directed, and fiirnislied o giv. lEoienct to 1 bnl oraocu of ihe service 'Ihe ,. iii. vgil'iice txis'ed in , tree ing preparat ion ot ihe N vy , aa of Ihe r- I'here mi c ncei 1 o ac ion and 01 purp se iieiw.en the heads f the tan arms ol Ihe service. By tne outers whiC were lr. 111 tune u lime issued, our tesi sels i t war on the Pacifju. and ihe Uol of tiexicii. were s aiioiied in proper ton and in pi pei positious to co opera e etfi Cieu l) with the army. 1), these mean their cnmmiied power was br ugul i' bear succesafiill) upou Hie enemy. ( The gre it resnl'S which have been de veloped aud brought to I gin by tins war. will he of imineau sable iiuporlarc iu the future progieca ul oir country. I'he) will lend poMeriully lu preerve us troiii foreign collisions, aud euatile us 10 pur sue unirtierrop edly our cherished p.lio ul 'pesce with all naiiuos, entangling i liauces 1 11 uooe.' Oi copi nig. as we do. a more command iiigponniou nmong snout than ai h li.rmer period, ourdunes and responi bilities 10 iiiiraelvea and p'Stenty, ai correspond , 1 gl) n ceased 1'hH will he tne moie 01 vioih when we consider the vssl additions wh en have irceoTy heeu made I- I'lir tern orial ai q U'Iioms am; iheir great Importance aud Va.ue. ,i W itliiii less than fur ear the aunexH tion 01 Texas 10 the Union has nee 11 c " suinatedi all Coiifi'Ci ing; tule to iki O goii Termor) south 01 49dgrets nr 1, laiiinde, l eing nil thai waa 111-ia eil on n) any ' in) p' edi Cessoi s, has been aojust ed; ano Mew .Mexico and Upper I 'aliloi nu li.ive b n cqi red by Ireti. Toe area ul ihtce st-seral teirituries aco r ding 10 a rrpori care nil) prepared by ibe Coliiintaaiouer of Ihe General Laoo most au faei.tic 111101 in Hon in his possession, ami whicu in neie Could nave euaoieo v wita transu.meo.cou.aios l.la t)6l qai army, at all points, aod m proper se.soi,, m ut ,63 559 , 40 ac,, w -)e .1. -11 .1... f..r lha nioai frffi wiiii an ma- 1. .-.. ' sirs if he remain. ng tw out ) Uiuesiatea, cieul service. li is but au act of justice to declare that the officers iu charge of the Several Executive Mureao-s all under Ihe mm diie eye aud aupervMon of ibe .Secraiary ol War. petforuied their respective dunes lib ability, uH)i aud vfl irncy. ,tiM of the Kocky Moumaiiia couiaiu t 590 Sid .qu.ie mile, are 1 $l",lytt,i'S- acrrt. I he.e es 1111 les soow 1. ai in. le r lun.i nienili coii.re otn xhic uor He Ins.ve j . risO 1C1 o;ll auu d Ullllloo o OeeoX taiitll. CunSIIIUIe m C UOll) lllo'r j ibau lis I a- irrga as tiai hltli was helu Tbey base reaped less ot the glory el h) ibe Luued Slates before loti a 4 i.s. Ha war not having hern ft sonally ! un. llUiegn i itlu ed r..oi 1 . posed le ns pvnts in bailie, thaa ll.eir ,.i,i a krie t I.. i,ui u n..i c mpaoiaos 10 arms hut wi li tier ju i on, ..t Us.. i ,Ui.c" sm forecast, efficient aid, ano Co cpere'ioo, lt,Iutt g5i; bu o,iaie ut iee, .r iti.l . tbe iw te field euslJ ssl tuts here j!tj acr ueiug aa addilioo ta ial iu provided with tb ao.pl osaos ibey fo . oiwr lb eae-third el ail the territory ow'beil b) the U'diVed B a es before tin--cqu'siuoo, iud including Oregon, near ly as great an exteoi of territory as lb' whole of Enroipe. ITostia on It excepted." . The Mississippi bd la'fely the frontier of our country, is now oirly ite trentre. With the addition uftrre late aCqui-itiori, the U. States are now esturtare'd to be nearly as large aa the whole of Europe. It estimated by the euper intendent ef ttte "coast survey in the accom panying report, that the extent ef the sea coast of Texas cm the Gulf ot Mexico, is up ward 406 mrlefr.'of the coast of Upper Cali fornia, on the Pacific, 970 miles; and of Ore gon, including the Straits of Puca, of 1550 miles, making the whole extent of tea coast on the Pacific, 1,620 miles, and the whole extent on both the Pacific and the (Suit Of Muxico 2,0'0 miles. The length of the coast on the Atlantic, from ttie northern limits of the United States, around the capes of Flori da to Ihe Sabine, on Ihe eagierft boundary of Texas, ts estimated to be 3,000 miles, so that the addition ef sea coast-, including Oregon, is Very nearly two thirds as great as ail we possessed before; and excluding Oregon for an addition ul 1370 miles, being nearly equal to one half the extent of coast which we pos sessed before these acquisitions. We have now three great maratime fronts on ths At lantic the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific, ma king in the whole an extent of eea coast, ex ceeding 5,000 miles. This is the extent of the sea co.mt of the States not including bays, sounds, and small irregularities of the main shore, and of ihe sea islands. If these be in cluded, the length of the Bhore line of coast is estimated by the superintendent of the coast Survey uuld be $i Ob'3 utiles. It ould be dilSsult to calculate the Value of these immense additions to our territory possess mns Texas, lying contagious to the western boundary of Lodmanai ginoracing wititin its limits a part of tire navigable trtbtl. tiiry wtitVis nl the MiseUsippi, and all exteri stve sea coi-t, Could not lung have remained in the hands of a foreign power without ea dangeiiiig the peace nl our south-western frontier. Her products in the vicinity of the tributaries ol the Mississippi, must have sought a market through these streams, running into and through our territory, and the danger of irritation and collision of interests between Texas es a foreign Slate and ourselves would have been imininuutvhile the embarrassments of commercial intercourse between them must have been constant and unavoidable. Had Texas fallen into the hands or tinder the influence and control, of a strung tnara time or military foreign power, as she might have dune, these dangers would have been still greater. They have been avoided by her voluntary and peaceful annexation to the United States. Texas from her position, as a natural and most indispensable part of our territories, f ortunately, she has been resto red to our country, and now constitutes one of the States of our confederacy ,'uuon un equal lootinsf with the original Slates,' The aalu brity o'lbe climate, the fertility of the soil, peculiarly adapted to the producible of some of our must valuable staple commodities, and her Commercial advantages, must make her soon one of our must populous States. New Mexico, though situated in the interi or, and wit limit a sea coast, is known to con tain much fertile land, lo abound in rich mines of the precious metals, and to be capable uf siiHtuiiiitijj a large population. From its po sition, it is the intermediate and connecting territory beleen our settlements and our pos sessions in Texas, and those on that Pacific COllSti I'pper California, irrespective of1 the vast mineral wealth recently developed there, holds at this day, in point of value and importance to the rest of the Union; the same relation thai Louisiana did. when that fine territory was acquired from France 45 years ago. Extend inn nearly ten degrees ol latitude along the Pacific, and embracing the only safe and commodious harbor on that coast for many hundred miles With a temperate climate and an extensive interior of fertile lands, it is scarcely poesible to estimate its value, until it shall be brought under the government of our laws, and its resources fully developed. From its position it must command the rich Commerce of China. As a, of the Islands of the Pusific, of Western Mexico, of Central Amer ica, the Sonlh American State and o the Russian possessions bordering on the Ocean. A great emporium will doubtless speedily arise on the California Coast, which may be destined to rival in importance ti. O. itself. The depot of the Vast commerce which must ex iet on the Pacific, will be at some pmrit on the bay of San Francisco, and ill occupy the same relation to the whole western coast of that ocean, a N. Orleans does lo the valley nl the Mississippi and the Gulf of Mexico. To tin depot our numerous whale ship will resort with their cargoea to trade, refit and obtain supplies. This trade will largely con tribute to build up a city, which would aoou become the centre of a great and rapidly in creasing commerce. Situated on a sale har bor, sufficiently capacious lor all the navies, a well as the marine of the world, and cou ventent lo excellent umber lor ship building, owned by thu United States, it must become oar great western depot, i was known that mine of th precious metal ex is-ted to a considerable xtni io Call ornia at th tim of it acquisition. Re cent discoveries render it probaol that thee mines are unit extensive and valuable than was anticipated. Tne account mf the abun d snce ol gold in trial territory, ar of such an extraordinary charade'? aa weyildt ecarcelv command belief, were tbey not corroborated by the authentic rt porta of officer in the public ervic, bo hav vwitad tbt mineral dial rut and deriv th fact which they de lati from personal observation. Reluctant to credit tb report 10 geoeral circulation as lo ih quantity of gold, th officer commaeding our forces in California', visited the mineral iistrict, in July last, for the purpose of ob taining accurate inl'puiatfon on the suhject. his reports to the War Department of the re sult of his examination, and the facts obtained on the spot, is herewith laid before Congress. wnen ne visited the country, there were about 4,000 person engaged in collecting gold. Tnere is every reason to believe that the number of person so employed has since been augmented. The exploration already made warrant the belief that the supply is very large, and that gold is found at various points in an extensive district 0' country. Information received from .officer of the Navy, and other sources, though not so full and minute, confirm the account of the com mander of our military force in Cali ornia, It appears, lso, from these report, that mines of quicksilver are found in the vicinity of the gold regionj one of them is now being worked, and is believed to be among th most productive in the world. The effects produced by the discovery of these rich mineral deposits, and the success which ha attended the labors of those who have resorted to them, hav produced a Sur prising change in th stale of affairs in Call fornia. Labor commands a most ex6rbitit price, and all other pursuits, but that of searching for the precioo metals, are aban doned. fJearly the whole male population of j the country have gone to the gold district. Ships arriving on the coast, are deserted by their crews, and their voyage suspended for want of sailors. Our commanding officer there entertains apprehension that soldiers' cannot be kept in tire public service, without a large increase ot pay Desertions in his Command have become frequent, and he rec ommends that those, who shall withstand the- strong temptation, and remain faithful, should be rewarded, - The abundance of gold, and the a.ll'Bn grossing ptlrsdil of it, has already caused 04 il'ornia art unprecedented rise in the necc2 saries in life-. - That we may more speedily and fully avail ourselves of the undeveloped wealth of these mines, il is deemed of vast importance that a branch of the mint of the United State be authorized to be established, during the pres' ent session, in California. Among other signal advantages which would resultdinm such an establishinent,would be that of raising the gold to iyj par Value 111 that territory. A branch mint of the United States at the great com mercial depot ort the west coast, would convert in to our own coin, not only the gold derived from our own rich mines, but also the Bullion and specie which our Commerce may bring from the whole west coast, Central and South America. Th west coast of America and the adjacent interior, embrace the best mines of Nw Mexice.New Grenada Central Amer ica Chili and Peru. The bullion and sped drawn from these countries, and especially from those of West ern Mexico and Peru, to an amount in value of many mill ions of dollars, are now nhhtialty diverted and carried by the ships of Great Britain to her own ports, to be recoined, or used to sustain her National Bank, and thus contribute to increase her ability to command so much of the Commerce of the World. If a branch mint be established at the great com mercinl point Upon that Coast, vast amount of bullion and specie would flow thither to be recoined, and pass thence to New Orleans, New York and other Atlantic cities. The amount of our constitutional currency at home would be greatly increased while its circuta tion abroad would be promoted. It is well known to bur merchant trading to Chins and the west Coast of America, that great incon venience and loss are experienced from the facts that our coins are not current at their par value in those countries. The power of Europe removed from the west coast of America by the Atlantic ocean, which intervenes, and by the tedious and danrereu navigation around the southern Cape of the continent of America, Can never successfully compete with the United States in the rich and extensive commerce which is opened to us at so much les dost by the ac quisition of California. The vast importance and commercial ad vantages of California have heretofore re mained Undeveloped by the government of the countryof which it constii utes a part Now that this fin province is a part of our country, all of the States of the Union, some more imme diately and directly than others, are deeply in terested in the speedy rievelodinent of it wealth and resource. , No section of our country is more imeres'ed, or will be more benefited than the commercial naviga tinr and manufacturing .interest of the east em State. Our planting and farming inter ests in every part of the Unions will be great ly benefited by it A our Commerce and navigation are enlarged and extended, our exports of agricultural products and our man ufactur will be increased, and in th new markets thus opened, they can not fail to corn mand remunerating and profitable pricee. The acquisition of California and new M"X ico, he settlement of th Oregon Boundary, and th annexation of Texas, extending loth Rio Grande, ar result which combined ar of greater consequene, and will add mora to the strength and wealth of th nation, than any which hav preceeded them, sine th adop tion o f the constitution. But to elf ct these results, not only Calf fornia, but New Mexico, must be brought under th control of regular organised gov ernment. The existing condition ofCalifor nia, and of that part of New Mexico lying weal of th Rhi Grande, and without th lim its ot Texas, Imperiously demand that Con rea should, at it prem session, organix territorial government over thtm. ,, , Upon the exchange of ratification of th treaty of peace with MeX'ea, 00 tVva 90th of May, th ttmorrg ftrvernrofot whieh tod been es'tatlished oVer ' New Mexico, had ceased td' exisV impressed w ith the necessi ty of establishing feTrltdtial governments over them; I recommended to the 'aVorable consid eration of Congress, in my Message commu nicating the ratified treaty of peace, on thi 6th of July last and invoked 1 heir action at that session. Congress adj turned with ' out mating any provision for their gov eminent'. TS inhabitants, by tb trans fer of thelV 'oottntry-, hair become eoti lied to Ibe benefits of our laws and Con atStulion; and et weie left wiiuouV any regularly organized government. Sine that 'iine tb very limited power possess, d by Ihe Rxucitiv has been exercised1 lo preserve and protect them from the in evitable consequences of a stat of anar chy. The only government which remain ed was that established By military aiii thority during the war. Regarding ibis; de Jaclo government, ttd that by tb presumed Consent of tiie inhabitants, it might be continued temporarily, they were advised lo conforrrt and submit to it for ihe short intervening period before Congress again assembles, aod could leg. islale on the subject. (Continued.) ' ' THE PIONEER. UPPER aVDU8KY, DEC. 8, 1818. Wood! Wood!! Now is the time for those to bring in their wood who want to pay us in this way. 03r Our Senator J. W. Wilson, and Rep- resentative M. C. Whitely, merit and will re ceive the thanks and approbation of their constituents for the manly, firm and decided stand they have taken in defence of the con ttiiution and Democratic principle. Never yield an inch as long aa justice is on your side (?" The new from Cdloriibus is rather of a disgraceful nature than interesting. The House is not yet organized; . The federalist who before the election feared the Democrat would not take their aeatS) arid would thereby break up the Legislature add create a revolu tion, how refuse to take their seat because too many Democrats have been elected and taken seat. The very party that so much abhored the idea of revolution, are now at tempting to break up the law making power. Shame on such a party 1 aa.- C On the morning of the 13th instant, German by the nsme of Abiaham Luiin 'er was found just at the edge of town drowned. In crossing a ditch that wa overfl iwed by high water, he got Into it, and the supposition i that he remained their Until he was floated out by a stick upon which he caught A narrow escape was made by a man who was going to mill; He had a yoke1 of cattle hitched to his wagon Ih which He hid ten bush els of wheat; and ort coming ddwn a hill he neglected to lock, and the wagon rushed the team off the road into the river. Tbe man jumped into the wagon, and jdst when the wagon reached the deep water, the box with ten bushels of wheat and a new cloak swam off, leaving the driver hanging to a rope fixed to tho near oxe's horn for a line. The toam swam td shore, carrying the driver safely out Markets. From the Ohio Statesman. JVVw York, Dec. 12. FLduR There is a disposition on the part ol the holders to sell, but there tire few buy ers at present rates, except for supplying im mediate demand. Prices for fair brands $5, It good, $5 3,; pure, $5 50 Wheat Prune White, $1 27. Pore. Market without change; WiiisKXY 25c per gallon market inao live. Ohio Sevens, 101. Pilliburg, Dee 13. Depth of water lit the channel 6J feet aod falling; Cincinnati, Dee 12. F.otJR No change from last quotations. . Hons There is more doing to day, and ami prices are better. Pore Mess (tt ' ' : WniihET Prices have declined; price 16c per gallon. Baltimore, No4embr 29 B fk Cattlk -Sale of 1058 head at $4 50.675. Hou on foot, 5 I2la5 50 OBlTUAfett DIED. InSytaUiore township, 00 Moo day, November 27 th. 1S4,Gokoz Kiaon, aged 54 year. Io New Llsboo.on lb 25tb Nov 1849, Mrs. Matrox B , wife of W. D. Morgan, Etqr., adilor of tb Ohio 1 atriul; aged 18 years. In Bucyriis, on lb 6th instant, Mr. Bxan. wife of M P. Bean E qr., Editor of iho People's Forum. W ASH f OR STIFF JOIN VS. Salt brio is said lo be lb Oast wash . for siifTjoinis io horses. 1 1 is also good fur bard boof, aa it atracts a tistur. sod ibus keep tbe boof soft.- It a easily tried by any farmer. Q3 A felloW (describing bis wif t v wbous he had bee recently married, ta abseoi friend, said Sue h. a snail sauath a plump prny face, lively ys, and a temper ! exploaiv gee, cotten! -'-. '