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, C. II. ItADCXirrje, Publisher. PALDVIN. ; - - MICHIGAN. HIH7 YOUtt -N0TE3. Wednesday, March 5th, 1879. . The contest over the will of the late Commodore Yanderbllt was concluded before the Surrogate yesterday, much to the surprise of everybody excepting the lawyers. There will be two parades of Irish men. on St. Patrick's Day. One of the parading bodies . will .consist of the "Irish Societies,' who assert that they will turn out IOjOOO men.. The Ancient Order of Hibernians, to the number of 2,000, will parade - separately. The routes selected are nearly similar, but the time for the starting of each pro cession Is different. . Mr. John W. Sterling, of the law firm of Shearman & Sterling, attorneys for Henry - Ward Beecher - In' the suit brought against him by Samuel Wll kesoti for $00,000 damages, for his fail ure to comply with the contract en tered Into by him (Beecher) in 1807, with John B. Ford, to write the "Life of Christ," said, yesterday, that they had not yet had time to prepare their answer, nor did he know what it would be when prepared. The suit was really begun in April last, and extensions of time had been granted to the plaintiffs attorneys to prepare their complaint, - a copy of which was not served upon them until Friday last t '. .With the spring comes Barnum. Not that Barnum is ever exactly hidden, for in the winter he usually shows himself in the legislative halls at Hart ford, and now and then runs off to some neighboring town to lecture for charity; but it is at this season of the year that the public at large begin to expect Mr. Barnum, or at least the fan fare of his . trumpets. Indeed, March is a month of activity in the circus business. The Grand Central, Hoff man, Ashland and llevere. hotels are to-day alive with showmen, who flutter about like a flock of birds anticipating Sudden migration. "What route do you take?! asks one of another. "A route it will not pay your show to fol low," is the answer. At & meeting of the Columbia Yacht Club last evening an important resolution was adopted that will ma terially change the character of the club. The resolution was to the effect that hereafter, in regattas of the club, no boat shall be sailed by any one not a member of the club. This will place the regattas of this club ou a Corinth ian footing, and will effectually stop the engagement of professionals, by whom yachtrraces have of late years been sailed almost to the exclusion of amateur yachtsmen. Yacht-owners will now have to handle their own boats, and races sailed under tliis rule Will be conducted with a fairness hith erto Impossible. The passage of this regulation was opposed by but one member of the club, the owner of the crack sloop Nettle. . The Board of Directors of the Na tional Rifle Association held its month ly meeting yesterday afternoon, Mr. George 8. Shermerhorn, Jr., in the chair. A communication was received from Assistant Secretary A. II. Wes ton offering, in a military match to be shot at Creedmoor, a gold regimental pin to be presented to the man who shall make the second highest score the greatest number of times between April 1 and June 1 next Mr. Scher merhorn, of the Committee on the Spring Prize Meeting, reported a skele ton programme of the matches to be contested, but the prizes have not yet been decided upon. The programme provides for six matches at 200 yards; two at 300 yards; five at 600 yards; two at 800, 000 and 1,000 yards, exclu sive of the Leech Cup match at the same distances. There will also be a match at the "running deer." Mr, Douglas Campbell read a paper before the Historical Society last night which was voted by the members of that society to have been entertaining and instructive in no common degree. It was entitled "The Six Nations and the Northwestern Territory," and was devoted in great measure to a refuta tion of Virginia's long boasted claim that the present States of Ohio, Indi ana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin were framed from territory generously given to the Union by Virginia. It was Mr. Campbell's purpose to show that not only is the State of New York entitled to what Virginia claims, but that the State of New York by ceding to the United States her claim to the which was done at the instance of General Phillip Schuyler on the 20th of January, 1780, saved and perpetuat ed the Union at the time when the obstinacy of Delaware, Virginia, Con necticut and Massachusetts, which States refused to vest in Congress the power of fixing their western bounda ries, threatened to make the confeder ation impossible. The Rev. W. II. II. Murray, of Bos ton, lectured last evening in Dr. Bur chard's church in Thirteeth street. There was a large attendance and the audience evidently appreciated Mr. Murray's sketches of the deacons of New England. The lecture is very cleverly arranged as between some hu- . morous and sarcastic sketches of the "different types of church deacons the speaker had sandwiched some plain common sense Christianity, that com pared favorably with the Pharisaical hypocrisy of Deacons Slow Up and Sharp Face. The audience were con vulsed with laughter at the description of Deacon Slow Up making his famous speech before the members of the Con gregational Church of Fossilville when a debate was started on the respective merits of ham and beef sandwiches as the proper food at the church picnic The sketch of Deacon Good Heart formed a refreshing conclusion to Mr. Murray's lecture, picturing a whole souled, generous Clirlstain, whose life was devoted to acts of kindness to his suffering fellow creatures, Instead of - seeking to be held up as a shining light of austere and orthodox sanctity. '' The fifth anniversary of the dedica tion of the Chapin Home for the Aged and Infirm was celebrated yesterday with appropriate exercises at the Home, in Hlxty-sixiy-sweei, near j. mru MtnaA. In the afternoon a large com pany of ladies gathered to listen to ad dresses by Rev. Dre. Sweester, Osgood, Gunnison, Leonard, and Manly. Re ports was read showing that there are 47 Inmates in the Home, which is a non-sectarian institution Of the in cute only two are of the same relig ious faith as that of the rounders or uie Home. In the evening there was A social gathering, over which Dr. Cha- rfn tinsel f presided. Afine pro rramma of instrumental and vocal music was interpreted by Messrs. 1'c 3, Chlll&ber, Jamison, and Cotting, ' itr.J III-s Peters, Miss - Wlnant, and tm. njerca. The Treasurer's annual report shows that the receipts for the 1 ret year were C2T.C07, and the exper.. dltures, 23,247, of which amount 015,3 OHO was expended lor wvesimwiwi. The Home will gratefully receive til donation of groceries, house linen asd , ether useful article. Monev contri butions will also be tnanKruiiy receiv ed by Mrs. I). I). T.Marshall, Treasur er. No. 157 .East miny-iourin street. Charles Dean shows a disposition ' to waver in his suit against Mrs. Theresa B. Bell, of San Francisco. As will be remembered, he claims to have been employed by her to act as her chape ron in her journey last year tlirough Europe. He says that one portion of his duties was to take charge "bf tez. casket of diamonds and jewelry, worth, altogether some 252,000, which: deli cate and responsible trust, he says, uiscnargou wiui me uimoco nueiuy. Of this trust, with all its weighty re sponsibility, ne aoes not, However, coin-, Elain, but he does take exception to avlng been compelled to attend par ties with her in Paris and being intro duced as her cousin. At all events lie was finally-discharged, and brought suit for services. The suit was originally brought in Kings county, when an attachment was obtained against her box of jewels supposed to be at the Hoffman House. No box of jewels, however, was found, and as she in the meantime Jiad gone to Califor nia and could not be served with sum mons, an order was obtained for a sub stituted service. It was found that tills was not in accordance with the code, and Judge Lawrence yesterday on a further application granted an order directing service of the summons by publication. The remarkable Japanese acrobatic juvenile known as "Little All Right," while performing at Harry. Miner's Theatre as a member of the Jackits Chys troupe, was watched by Officer Lundberg, of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, who finally decided that he was i too young to perform such perilous feats before the public. Lundberg arrested Miner, and took him before Police Jus tice Murray on the charge of violating the law in employing the lad. It was proved by the prisoner that "Little All Right" was 10 years old, and the com plaint was dismissed. A new com f)Iaint was made, however, that the ittle performer's life had been imper iled by the failure of Miner to provide netting to arrest his descent if he should fall. Upon this charge Justice Murray held Miner in jail to await ex amination. The counsel for Miner ob tained from Judge Larremore,in Com mon Pleas, Chambers, a temporary in junction to restrain the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children from further interference with him. A hear ing was had yesterday on an order to show cause why the injunction should not be permanent Judge Larremore dismissed the order and vacated the injunction, declaring that nobody was entitled to restrain the society from acting within the scope of its powers. The Irish-American Phllo-Celtlc Society celebrated the one hundred and first anniversary of the birth of the Irish patriot, Robert Emmet, last eve ning, in the grand hall of the Cooper Union. . There was a very large assem blage, and speeches, recitations, songs, and instrumental music made the cele bration enjoyable to everybody. Among those on the platform were James Stephens, of Fenian notoriety : Judge Shea, Judge Charles P. Daly, Lawrence Goulding, Hon. William E. Robinson, and - Charles Underwood O'Connel. Mr. John Savage, LL.' D- presided, and Mr. T. O'Neil Russel made some remarks in regard to the history and language of Ireland, and recited Emmet's famous speech ' in Irish. The programme prepared by the committee was then carried out, Hon. William E. Robinson making a speech of a serio-comic character, in which he spoke of the great services rendered by Irishmen to America. Mr. James Stephens made a brief speech, and Mr. and - Mrs. O'Donovan llossa, Mr. T. F. Halvey and Mr. Florence McCarthy gave recitations in Irish. God Save Ireland, was sung . at the close by Miss Brosnan, the entire audi ence - joining enthusiastically in tho chorus. A detachment of the Sixty- ninth Regiment, N. G, was present, and on their entry into the hall the men were greeted with great applause. The floral exhibition at the regular monthly meeting of the New York Horticultural Society, held in Republi can Hall yesterday afternoon, was the finest and most extensive ever offered at ono of these meetings. A large por tion of the hall was devoted to the ex hibit, and the air was heavy with the scent of the flowers. The rarest roses blushing Jacqueminots, creamy Marechal Nells, great white Niphetos, and Cornelia Cooks, delicate Mounts, bon silene, and tea-roses, the new cop per-colored Madame uapucin, and a dozen more mingled their fragrance with that of allies of the valley, hya cinths, violets, azaleas, and carnations. Besides these there were superb orchids, primroses, cyclamens, camel lias, masses of scarlet geraniums, a superb lot of narcissus, and a number of rhododendrons. Amengthe novel ties of the exhibition . were specimens of the flower of the sago palm, three pots of the rare iris iberica," a mottled gray flower with dark shadings; a fine Brazilian acacia in bloom, and a speci men or rhynchospennunv . a . new Japanese . lawn-shrub, destined , to become a popular feature , in Amer ican itumscKpe garueuiug,, ; jli wus exhibited by Parsons & Co., of Flush ing, and obtained for them honorable mention in the report of the .commit tee. The same firm also obtained pre miums for the best six azaleas in pots, for the best 12 cut camelias, and for the best 12 bunches of cut azaleas. J. Roehrs, of Jersey City, received pre miums for the best 12 hyacinths in pots and for the best six hyacinths in pots. Among those who received honorable mention were Isaac Buchanan, of West Seventeenth street, for orchids and azaleas ; the Bellevue Nursery, of Pat erson, for Madame Capucin roses ; Roe hrs , of Jersey city, for a lot of narcis sus ; May, of Madison, N. Y.for tea roses, and William Bennett, of Flat bush, Long Island, for a splendid plant of phalacnopsis schlllerina. The atten dance of members and spectators was large, and the meeting proved one of the most satisfactory ever held by the society. During the business meeting a number of new members were elect ed and copies ' of William Bennett's prize ssay on "Rose Culture for Win ter Blooming," were distributed. Just before the close of the meeting a num ber of children, apparently just out of school, crowded into the hall, and dur ing tho confusion of the adjournment, made a rush for the table of cut flow ers, most of which they carried off, as well as many of the smaller potted plants. A new kind of Illustrated cards, re cently produced in London, revives to some extent the ancient service of pic ture writing. These cards contain lit tle colored pictures and suggestive noetrr. and are intended to serve those who either have not the inclination pr the time to put their thoughts to paper by writing. For instance, tho person who has borrowed a book for anun consclonable time receives a card rep- renting a gentleman weeping over an empty book-case, and a suggestion in verse that the missing volume may be returned. Another cird relates ton a umbrella, and tha lines entitled "A La ment" ousrht to causs remorse to the most inveterate borrower, and Induce him to restore the article In question without a moment's delay. The vouni lady with a mass of correspond ence quite beyond her control Is furn ished with a card ready to hand, the lines on it commencing. "Yours to hand, contents I note, nctlizs fresh since last I wrote," and so on. xevs of the Week. UICHIOAIf, , -, The BUU BoperlnU-'mi of Pnhlio Instrnei tlon has appointed a laohers's Institute for Branch county, to b fccil in Gold water, ban ning Uos4v. Marc IL . A teachers' institute will Jt Ull tS a ia t Aft Traveo City und-Ttt C stion cJ I rcf. IL A. lord, to K':-jooi ...,"-. - v . LUtciv -i an I ' nhillria, all col ored, vcniL'; itrcv Jao ta Korwalk 0 Thrrr ty, i 1 on T T tie trustees of Uwkrrr t?T . ; Jpr, ' - i Iorx ht . af 1Y Bond, Kalainasoo county, while attempts to cross railroad track, was struck by a locomotive and thrown 40 feet, landing in, a anow bank. Ho la injured internally and lias in a fosrinaa oon&lioa. " An old lady named Mrs. Trumbell, oyer 70 year ( ago, liTing in a aeoloded locality known aa Willow Ban, font milea weat of Bat tle Creek, waa burned to death in a ahocking manner Tuesday. Hex hnaband keepa a amaU took of grooeriea for eale in an old building known by fartnera aa tha "ttone Jug." While Im waa abeenft leaving hi wife alone, it ia aup poaed her elothea took fire from the atove. Bhe waa diaoovered by her huaband lying on the the floor near a chair, which waa on fire, her elothea burned off and body terribly burned. The aeoond annual meeting of the Grand Council, Boyal Arcanum of Michigan, opened aft Bay City Tueaday, with a large attendance. There i a proapect that the building of an opera houae, to ooat f 10,000, will aoon be com menced at Ypailantl. Teaael apara, aome over 100 feet in length, hare recently been abipped from FarweU to Port Huron. - IL IL Clark, for eight years caahier of the Firat National Bank of Lowell, ia believed to be a defaulter for f20,000. Uie preaent where about axe unknown. The loaa falla on the direotora, who had auch oonfldenoe in their eaahier that they released him from bis bonds several years ago. - ' Ira D. Niehola, of tha Bi. Johns Co-operative Company, an old and well-known resident, waa killed Wednesday by being eaught by a belt ha was putting on the main abaft at the com pany's works, and being wound up in the ma diinery. ? - Tha Kalamasoo Asylum investigating oom mittee have adjourned to Lansing, but will re turn to Kalamasoo in a week or two again to taek the testimony of the Asylum authorities. About fifty wltnesaes have been examined Oliver Taliman of Eagle, Clinton county, has eaught 89 foxes this winter. ' State teachers' institutes of tha series of 1879 will be hold at Muakegon, Lapeer, Adrian, Wyandotte, Ionia, and St. Johns on Monday, March 81, and close on Friday following. An institute will be held at Gadillao commencing April 7. On Tuesday evening a meeting of band trad ers was held in Lansing and a State association formed. Delegatea were preaent from Bay City, Port Huron, Dexter, Ionia, Belding, Flint, Qninoy and Lansing. Wm. M. Dreskell of Lansing was elected president. Lew Hoff man of Dexter, secretary, and F. Olnhansen of Port Huron treasurer for the ensuing year. It was decided to call tha organisation "The Michigan State Band Aaaociution." The suit brought a year ago by the Jackson Central Car Company against the Michigan Central Railroad for breach of contract, ask ing one hundred thousand dollars damagea, has been amicably adjusted. The Michigan Central pays the company thirty-two thousand dollars and reoeives in return the shops of the latter, which are transferred and the suit with drawn. Hon. F. H. Rankin, tha new postmaster at Flint, took possession of the office Thursday. There are 1,000 fishermen's shanties on the ice, on Saginaw Bay, and catching ia lively, They calf the extemporized town Pickerel ville. .. The logs cut in Cheboygan county the pres ent winter amount to ninety-three million seven hundred thousand feet, and the square timber to forty-one thousand cubio feet; in Maokinao county, twenty one million feet; south branch of the Aa Sable, twenty-five million feet; in Missaukee county, one hund red and twenty-seven million, four hundred and ten thousand feet; on the Rifle, one half above the forks, eighty million feet. A number of elk have been ahot in Tnaoola county this winter. John G. Bader'a hardware atock at Jackson waa damaged fl.CDO by fire on the Cth. On the 7th. Michael McElroy, a farmer of Odessa, Ionia county, shot and killed William Snyder, a neighbor. The affair was tha reault of an old feud. McElroy ia in JaiL The Wexford House, a three-story hotel at Manitou, Wexford county, was bnrned on the 5th. Lues, t4,500; insured, f2.40J. The fur niture was mainly saved in a damaged condi tion. Mr. M. N. Whitlock, of Wacousta, bought a farm of CO acres a few years ago, and got in debt to the amount of 1 6,000. Now he has paid the debt, built a fine barn, and has mon ey at interest, all made from the farm. About twenty million feet of logs have been put into Flat River this winter, thirteen mil lion feet more than ever before. Joseph F. Culver & Co's banking house at Pontiac was closed Friday by creditors. Lia bilities, t80,000, half secured. Culver is a prominent citisen and politician. On the 17th Inst, a matter of importance to the Chicago and Lake Huron Railroad will be brought before the United (States Circuit Court at Detroit. G. B. Peck, the preaent re ceiver of the road, has filed a bill setting forth that the Chicago and Northeastern was built to a great extent, on the right of way of the Chicago and Lake Huron Railroad, and with about f300,000 of its means, and prays that it be decreed to be a part of the Chicago and Lake Huron Railroad and be placed as snch part in his custody as receiver; and also for such other relief as he may be entitled to. It ia expected that, on the argument, the Chicago and Northeastern Company will be represent ed by Hon. Stanley Matthewa, United States Senator from Ohio, and the Chicago and Lake Huron Company by Hon. Matt. li. Carpenter, United States Senator from Wisconsin. The but bill passed by Congress was on ap propriating ten large brass cannon captured in the Mexican war and the war of the rebellion to tho building of a monument to Gen. Wil- Th Flint A Pan Maranette Railwav has nut n a new train, called the Detroit, Bay City and Saginaw Special Express. It leaves De troit for Saginaw at 9:65 a. m, and arrives aft Bay City in four hours. Returning, it arrives at Detroit at 6:50 p. m. This road has now five trains a day leaving Detroit for Saginaw and Ray City. Tha extension of the Grand Rapids & In diana Railroad, from Petoekey to Little Tra verse, is being vigorously agitated, with fair prospects of ultimate sucoess. Six thousand and nine hundred dollars have been sub scribed by thirteen men, and tha balanoo of the stock necessary to build the road is rapidly being taken. The Detroit & Bay City Railroad announce the lowest rate of fare ever made between De troit and the Sarinaw VnUey. They now is sue round trip tickets from Detroit to Sagi naw or Bay City for fZ Plans have been submitted to Mr. Vander- bilt for a railroad tunnel under the Detroit river aft Groses Isle. A man by tha name of Snyder, living in the northeast oorner of Woodland Township, Bar ry Co was shot Friday afternoon and instant ly killed by a man named Manoelrov. The difficulty was over a small piece of land which Snyder was living on ana naa possession or. The loinft resolution so long pending inCon- gross releasing tna rensionary interest oi tne United States in tha lands passed to the State n Mihiir.n. bv act of June 8. 1856. noon the route from urana tiaven to xum ana tuenoe to Port Huron, has at - last passed both bouses of Conffress and become a law. , Senator Ferry insisted upon sucn an amendment to ue House bill aa would protect every person in all nia ngnia wneuw h or quiukuis. GEITEILAX. X7ITC7D. All Indications now point in tha direction of an assignment by Archbishop Puroell for the benefit oi bis creditors, a en smw w iuct t,!m nil liia hrothsr. Father Edward inM.ll In unAnnti as-aremtlna some S4&000. These will probably be followed by numerous others, and It is tnougnc mis action on toe nart of creditors will compel an assignment. A fire at Reno, Nevada, Sunday morning, de stroyed about fl,UUU,HW worm ox property and resulted in the death of five persons and the inlurr of many others. An extra session of Congress baa been called for March 18. tv. v.xjrrViilt mil AnntMt haa cnme to an abrupt conclusion. - It is weU known, though not acknowledged, that tba termination was brought about by a compromise which in- ..I4 tliA Mitilin mmik nf (VirnAllna Vaaderbnilft against W. IL Yanderbilt. Cornelius 4 vanaerDiis is to reoeive i,uuu,wu and his expenses In tha suit tn tha Supreme f uuTHn. Than. nnw Mrs. Rsrimr. a like amount and costs and the will of the late Commodore Vanderbut ia so remain mneoa- teaCad. It u uaaerstooa -uat au tne otner 1 I . t . m linn a&tla.Ml BMil IKS tismomna individual beneficiaries by memoranda left by the testator with Wro.U. Vandarbilt will re mlM their full claims, On Saturday night, about ten o'olook, a nartv of six or etgnt masted men cauea as tne cabin ct an oa aearo buhw u nwniur i.. i. tv ninth district, aisht miles from Manchester .Coffee county .Tennand demanded admittanoe,wblch being ref used,they set fire to .v.. ..v.1. i. m thraa nUmi. Finding that he and his family, a wife and four children, would be burned if they remained, tha old man ruaned out ana was seisea oy too ms. era, carried 1C3 yards or so, and shot to death. In the meantime tha wife and children hud dled together near tha dead body of tha hus band and father to remain till morning. Rev. Sidney M. Stray, pastor of the Presby terian Church of Kasft Lake Qeorr, N. Y while exhibiting a revolver to bis wife, dis charged it, wounding her. Thinking be had thus accidentally killed bis wife, he placed the revolver to his own bead and trad. Liswouada ars not Coagtt serious. ' Governor Robinson, of Kew York, baa pre sented to tba Sonata format charges against Emyth, tha fitafts Superintendent of Insuxanoe and recommends his removal. . A Dre mat ore explosion of nitro-slvoerine at tba Dutch Gap, James River, Vv, killed M. a Haggerty, Government contractor for widen ing and otherwise improving Dutch Gap, and ana negro, lft ia reported that Ellas Hall's body waa blown into tha river and ia not yet recovered. Tha Central Iron Works, Brooklyn, owned by Howell, Sax ton A Oou, burned Wednesday night. Loss, 1100,000; insuranoa, t JO,000. Tha widow and daughter of Bayard Taylor have arrived from Germany. Vicar-General Martin Knndig died at the See House, Milwaukee, Thursday morning. Heart disease is supposed to have been the cause. Although there is no semi-official basis for the announcement, there is reason to believe that tha President s message to Congress will be brief, and confined to tha subjects for which it will be convened; and that he will aft the instanoa of tha Secretary of tha Treasury, ask that tha measures be adopted for an in crease of revenue, it having been decreased to the extent of ten million dollars by the pass age of the tobaooo bilL Tha Secretary said that but for this he weuld have twenty-eight million dollars surplus revenue with which to pay the arrears oz pensions recently author ised by Congress The Mvstio Valley Railroad Company wm organised some time since to build a narrow gauge road from Boston to oonnect with the towns lving along the Mystio Valley to the north of the city. But 11 miles of the rc J have been built thus far. and this was charged at 828,000 per mile on the books of the corpo ration; though tt was known tnat tne expen ditures for every purpose had not exceed 'ni 1 60,000. This lead to an examination by the railroad commiaioners, and as the remit they have called upon the Attorney General to take action in the matter. In a letter to him they stated that an examination of the books of the company shows an apparent discrepancy be tween the amounts received and paid out of 1 85,000 The burning of a slaughter house and other buildings at Cedar Rapids, la, Friday, caused the loss of $75,000 worth of property. Fort Buf ord advioee say that two 'detach ments have been sent from Fort Keogh to the Yellowstone country to intercept the rest of renegade Cbeyennes. The chances of sucoess are good, as the Indians cannot cross the nver on account f the high water. Elihu Borritt died Friday night at his resi dence in New Britain. Smith, tha agent of the Western Union Tele graph Company at Topeka, Kjl, who haa been held in custody as a contumacious witness be fore the Legislature, waa liberated Friday by a unanimous vote of the House. James R. Keene, of New York, the well known stock and grain operator, states thst his name was foreea but Thursday, to a half- rate telegraphic meaaage to J. K. Fisher & Co, grain brokers of Chicago, directing them to sell 8,000,000 bushels of wheat on Mr. Keene's account. This caused a decline in wheat at Chicago from 96 to 93. Keene knew nothing of the transaction until Friday afternoon, and repudiates the entire sale, which compels the repurchase by Fisher A Co. of the amount sold on his account. Keene says he had no in tension of making any sales of grain at present, and certainly not at 93 cents per bushel. The message was sent through the Atlantic and Pacifio Company, and, Keene states, was evi dently the work of an agent in New York of Chicago parties. Steps have been taken to discover the author of the telegram. Keene says that suspicions are strong against persons short of provisions, who hoped by this means to depress the market and cover shorts. A large reward will be immediately off err d by Keene for the discovery of the forger and bia associates. The original copy of the dispatch is now in Keene's possession. The new House will contain 133 new men 72 Republicans and 61 Democrats. Ex-Senator Patterson has received a letter from the attorney general of South Carolina, erantinir him a full pardon and oblivion of any inaictment pending against bim in that state. The secretary of the treasury has issued a circular announcing that the treasurer of the United Staten and the assistant treasurers at Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, New Orleans, New York, Philadelphia, St. Louis and San Franciaco, will sell at par for lawful money, certificates of deposit of denomina tions of tlO, bearing interest at four per cent convertible at any time into four per cent bonds, according to an act passed at the late session of congress. They will be ready for delivery on the lat of April, at which date they will begin to bear Interest, payable upon tne conversion of the certificates into four per cent, bonds. font: to promote th extension of the Manomi nee River Railroad i amending act ICS, laws of 1875. relating to schools; for the publication of s legislative irtsnnaJ amending section 7, 433, sto, rslatinj to salaries of Judges of pro- FOREIGN. The official list of Cardinals to be created at the next consistory includes the name of Dr. Newman. The governor of Thessaly telegraphs thst a band of 500 Greeks crossed the frontier and destroyed the village of Kienlikienter. Siznor Fanfani. the most eminent of Italian lexicographers, is dead. The damage by the storm in Canton of Vaud, Switserland, is estimated at 4.000,000 franos. In the Lausanne district 400,000 trees are de stroyed. Special dispatches from Berlin mention varous rumors ot dissensions between theCsarand Ciarovitch. The Vienna Tag- blatt even publishes a sensational story that the Csarovitch has been charged with subvers ive political tendencies and forbidden to quit the palace. Gen. Bkobeloff has informed the Turkish authorities that Adrianople and Thrace will be evacuated in a fortnight The Russian head quarters have been removed to BUon. The following are the names of the new cab inet to the King of Spain: Gen. Martlnei Campos, Minister of War and President of the Council; Molans, Foreign Affairs: Silvela, In terior; Ayala, Colonies; Admiral Fa via, Ma rine; Toronto, Minister of Pnblio Works; Marquis de Orovio, Finance; Orioles, Justice. The new ministers have taken the oaths of offioe, with the exception of Senor Ayala, who declines to serve on account of ill health. The Mara uls D'Orovio take the ministry of the colonies ad interim, in addition to tha minis try of finance. A dia natch from Berlin says that the rejec tion of the parliamentary dioioline bill was an Ignominious defeat for the government, uniy the extreme and some of the moderate con servatives voted for it. Bismarck watched the division with indifference. The deputies msde no demonstration when the result wsa declar ed. A famine is raring ia the most fertile por tion of Bolivia. In the district of Cochabam- ba, in different localities of the department, from 8 to 10 persons die daily of starvation. In one small town 206 persons died from want of food in 20 days. By' the collision of cages In tba Victoria coal pit near Lionaon, caturaay, one was preoipita, ted to the bottom of the shaft and eight per sons killed. THE LEGIOLATURE. March 3. In the Senate the following bills were reported favorably : To amend the act for tha formation of yachting, hunting and flahlng corporations; to amend the charters of Constantino and Yandalia; to incorporate the village of Sebewaing; to constitute tne vii Uffa of Ithaca an election district. In the Houae the foUowing bills were passed, none ef which hsve yet passed the Senate : To amend section 1216 compiled laws relating to the letting of contracts for repairs t making Benton Harbor Shin Canal a publie highway; to amend the charter of Decatur. The bill ap propriating $17,500 a year to the State Nor mal School, and tha biU for protection of inn keepers were tabled. March 4. The Senate passed tha following bills, none of which have yet passed the House: For tha prevention of foot-rot in sheen i to confer certain powers on manufac turing companies; for tha incorporation of CentrevUle:to prohibit tna oatcning ox speoxiea trout in the .waters in Oceana county; to smmui Mntlnna 1M4. etc Compiled Laws. relative to tha execution of deals by tha Au ditor General; to more fully define the powers and duties of prosecuting attorneys; to amend sections 699, 600 and 601, Compiled Laws, rela tive to notaries publie; to amend tna act pro viding for tha laying out or poduo roaas. Tho House passed tha foUowing: House fciU amending chapter 25. Compiled Laws, by adding two new sections relating to offensive trades; joint resolution asking Congress to deepen the St. Mary's River; Joint resolution asking Congress to Improve tha harbor at tha month of the Kalamasoo River; Senate bill making appropriations for tha Normal School; House bill relative to duties of health officers; Uouge bill allowing unknown heirs to ba made defendants in chancery proceedings Senate bill amending Laws of 1875 so as to authorise tha nse of petroleum in Ugh ting railroad cars. Karon 5v -The Senate passed tba following, of which tha first four had already passed tba Housei Incorporating Sebewaing; constitut ing Ithaca an election ward ; authorising tha surveying and establishing of. section corners of unsnrveyea lanoa; tot tna renei ox wis ini eago and Lake Huron Railroad; immediate ef In tha Eonae tLs Ull to amend section 6X3, OomrUsd Laws, relative to trials la Us ass of fact, was reported favorably by tha Judiciary eonuaittse, Vbs rail ware saapandsd and tha bill passed. Tha UU to raireorporate tha vi lags of Mampkia waa paseri r :r suspension of the rules; also Coaaa UU t:7, to rraie tha county of Crawford; also substituta for House bill incorporating tha village of Union vilie, Tuscola county. . March 6V In tha Senate a number of peti tions were present, and a resolution waa passed inviting President Aagell to address tha Leie 1st u re, on soma evening to ba luted in tba fu ture, upon tha relation of the University ' to the State. No bills were passed. a , , . Tha Houae passed only ona bill, amending section 1002, Compiled Laws, relative to the sv scssment of taxes. COIIQIIESO. March 8. The Sonata bald an exciting ses sion Sunday and Sunday night, during which it passed the Sunday Civil Service bill, and the harbor appropriation bill, and, after a very stormy debate, refused by one majority to pension Jeff Davis. The House defeated tha yellow fever bill and failed to pass tha Chinese bill over tha President's veto. Tba sugar bill was finally withdrawn. Majority and minority reports were made by the Potter committee, and vast amount of other business hurried through. The bill awarding arrears of pensions to the veterans of 1812 was passed after tha amend ment to Include the veterans of the Mexican War was stricken out. The Teller committee was authorised to ait during the recess, and to continue tha inquiry into alleged violations of the constitutional rights of citizens during tha late election. The Houae spent a good part ot Monday listening to reports of committees and argu ments of members on the proposed impeach ment of Mr. Seward United States Consul at Shanghai. March 4. In the Senate Mr. Windom (Rep., Minn.) reported that tha committee of confer ence on .the legislative, exeoutivo and Judicial appropriation bill had been unable to agree. The point on which the oonferenee waa unable to agree was the proviso of tha Houae fixing the pay of Jurors in tha United States Court, repealing the teat oath and also so much of the revised statutes as provides for the ap pointment of supervisors of election. After a prolonged debate a vote was taken upon the motion that tha committee recoda from its position relative to tha Legislative bill, and was lost. The vote wss, 80 nsys, 26 yeas. Tha Senate amendments to the bill were then sustained, ayes 29, nays 24. On reassembling Senator Ferry was chosen President pro tern, and Mr. Harris called up the bill to prevent tha introduction of infec tious or contagious diseases in the United States and to establish a national board of health. Psssed. At noon Mr. Ferry, President pro tern-, said thst the time fixed for the final adjournment of Oongross having arrived, tha chair declares the 45th Congress adjourned without day. - . The House at 2 a. m. Tueaday wsa discus sing the impeachment of Geo. F. Seward. Min ister to China, The question wsa raised whether the vote should be taken first on the first article or on the general resolution of im peachment, the Republicans claiming the for mer and Mr. Springer insisting on the Utter. The Speaker decided in favor of Mr. Springer's position. The question was taken on the resolution of impeachment, and there were, yeas 109 nsys 17. No quorum, the Republicans generally having declined to vote. The measure known as the MoGowan Health bill then passed; yeas 159, nays 63. It pro vides for a commission of health, to sit in Wsshington, to establish rules and regula tions in regard to publio health, to obtain and communicate information on the subject to Congress. Mr. Sparks (DemM 111.) moved to suspend the rules ana concur in the Senate amend ments to the arrears of pensions appropriation bill. The ayes and nays were ordered, and the motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill wss agreed to, yeas 153, nays 61. The original bill appropriates 25,000,000 for arrears of pensions for the next fiscal year. Mr. Atkins, at 11.10 reported that the con ference committee on the legislative bill had not been able to agree, and be moved that the House "adhere ;" a parliamentary finality. Agreed to. After a stormy and exciting scene, and the delivery of strong political speeches on both sides, the Speaker delivered his farewell ad dress and the House adjourned "sine die." LAIiGII.G. Republican State Convention. The Republican State Convention met in Buck's Opera Ilouse at Lan sing Thursday noon, and was called to order by Mr. II. II. Hatch, of Bay City. After the appointment of the commit tees on credentials, permanent organ ization, and resolutions, the convention took a recess till 2 o'clock. On reassembling In the afternoon, the committee on credentials reported a list of delegates entitled to seats in the convention, which was adopted, as was also the report of the committee on permanent organization, as follows: President John T. Rich, of Lapeer. Vice Presidents Sylvester Larned. Nathan Pierce, J. A. Andrews, J. N. Eld ridge, P. B. Loomis, Aloys Bils, J. B. Moore, Edwin fiddy, J. M. Stephenson. Secretaries Daniel L. Crossman, Jerome Croul, M. D. Hamilton, L D. MoCutcheon, Samuel Johnson, D. C. Henderson, Charles . Grisson, George IL Granger, Wm. N. Brown, R. T. Dundas. The committee on resolutions, through its chairman, the Hon. Charles T. u or ham, of Marshall, reported the following: Resolved. That tha Republican party hav ing redeemed its pledge to make the greenback dollar worth one hundred cents in gold or sil ver, and having given the country a safe and flexible currency well adapted to tha indus trial nseds of the people, we therefore oppose any radical change in our present financial system and congratulate tha country on tne successful resumption of specie payments and the signs of returning prosperity in all branch es of business. Resolved. That wa invite in this election tha co-operation of all men of whatever former party affiliation and who are in favor of finan cial honesty and a safe and sound basis for the business of the oonntry. On motion the resolutions were ad opted by a rising vote, the whole con vention rising to its feet and giving three cheers. The next business being the nomina tion of a candidate for Justice of the Supreme Court, Gen. Dwight May, of Kalamazoo, proposed the name ot the Hon. James V. Campbell, of Detroit and moved that he be nominated by acclamation and by a rising vote. The vote was thus taken, and the whole convention arose and applauded with clapping of hands and cheers. The convention then proceeded to nominate two candidates for Ilegents of the University. The Hon. A. B. Maynard, of Macomb, proposed the name of the non. E. O. Grosvenor, of Jonesville, and the motion was sup poitsd In brief speeches by Dr. Chas. Ilynd, of Adrian, Gen. B. Cutcheon, of Manistee, and vv. . George, of .Lan sing, after which Mr. Grosvenor was unanimously nominated by acciama tlon and a rising vote. The Hon. Sylvester Larned, of De troit, proposed the name of the Hon. James Shearer, of Bay City, for the second llegent, and the motion was supported by II. IL Hatch, of Bay City, and others. 1 Mr, Willis Ransom, of St Clair, pro posed the name of Hon. Terry Han nah, of Traverse City, and the name was supported by the Hon. S. N. Inger soll, of Corunna, and others: but the namo was subsequently withdrawn. and the nomination of Mr. Shearer made unanimous. ' ' ' Three cheers were then given for the ticket three for "Old Zach's," 3cech on Jeff. Davis, and the conven on adjourned. Tenth Week of the Lesrislatlvc Session Proposed Hsforra School for GlrlawProbatd Cal aries Tramps. " 1 u . .1 i. ill rrca Our Own Oorsatpondant, ' r-. ' Laxsua, Xlaxca 7, 1879. . The 'tentY week of the session is drawing to ft close, and has been one of pretty clcsa attention to business. The coimltttea are emptying their pigeon boles of the bills thrust away there some weeks ago, cleaning away the dust and either consigning the unborn darlings to perdition, or dressing them up and Introducing them to the more orlesa fav arable notice of the Senate and House. From present indications the law-makers are of the conservative temperament and not disposed to in dulge in any revolutionary legislation of any sort They do a good deal more in the way of amending old laws than of repealing them and passing new one, and it is, doubtless, fortunate for the State that it should be so. Up to date fifty-three bills in all have been passed and sent to the Governor for his signature. REFORM SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. It will be remembered that at the State meeting of the County Superin tendents of the Foor in this city some weeks ago, much time was spent in discussing the best means of providing for homeless and friendless girls, who either find their way into the poor houses or something worse, and it was decided to urge upon the Legislature the necessity of providing some sort of a reform or industrial school for their accommodation. Several bills have been introduced for this purpose, but the one which seems to meet with most favor is that of Senator Cham berlain. It provides for a board of control to consist of five members,three of whom shall be women, who shall be appointed by the Governor and con firmed by the Senate, the members of wliich board shall hold their offices for the term of five years and until their successors are appointed, one of whom shall hold the office for the term of one year, one for two years, one for three years, one for four years and one for five years from the date of appoint ment and their term shall be designated in their appointment Two of them shall be residents of the county where such home is located. The board are given power to locate the home at such place as It shall deem best for the In terest of the State, and may accept do nations of land or money In aid of the project They may purchase a suitable site, paying not over 65,000 for the same, which shall be deeded to the peo ple ef the State. The board are given power to design and construct the nec essary buildings, the homes for the children being on the cottage plan. They are to establish a system of gov ernment make all rules and regula tions necessary for enforcing disci pline, imparting instruction, preserving health, and for the proper physlcalnen- tal and moral culture of the children in the homend appoint a superintendent, matron and such other officers, teach ers and servants as shall be necessary, prescribe their duties and fix their sal aries, subject to the approval of the Governor. All employes having direct charge, oversight or control of the chll dren in the cottages shall be women. It is made the duty of the board to procure family homes for the children. and place them therein under contract whenever in their opinion the moral condition of the child will permit it and obtain reports from them at least once in six months. The project is a humane one and seems feasible, but whether it will be carried into effect is very doubtful The bill appropriates $50,000 for the purchase of a site and the erection and furnishing of a suit able building. PROBATE SALARIES. . A rather important bill fixing the salaries of Judges of Probate had en gaged a good deal of time and attention Though not beyond amendment, th chances are that it will finally get through in nearly its present shape. The salary, commencing on the 1st day of January last 1879, is to be in the County of Wayne, $2,750. For other counties having a population of not less than 00,000, the pay is to be $1,600 a year; for counties of less than 60,000 population, $1,500 a year; for counties having less than 40,000 and more than 80,000, $1,300; for counties less than 20,000 and more than 15,000 population, $900; for counties of less than 15,000 and more than 10,000 population, $750 ; for counties of less than 10,000 and more than 7,500 population, $600; for counties of less than 7,500 and more than 5,000 population, $450; and for all counties of less than 5,000 population, at the rate of ten cents per annum for each inhabitant but in no case is the pay to be less than $100 a year. THE TRAMP NUISANCE. Perhaps the liveliest debate of the session occurred Wednesday in the House over Mr. Sawyer s bill for the suppression of tramps. The bill Is al most an exact copy of the New Hamp shire law on the same subject and is quite severe in its penalties. It pro vides among other things that "Any tramp who shall enter or attempt to enter any dwelling-house or premises against the will of the owner or occu pant thereof, or having entered any house or premises, shall persist in re maining therein against the will of the owner or occupant thereof, or shall kindle any fire in any outbuilding, school-house or any other public or un occupied building, or on the land of any person, or in the publio highway adjoining the land of such person, be tween the first day of May and the first day of December, each year, with out the consent of the owner oroccu pant thereof, or shall be found carrying any firearm or dangerous weapon, or who shall threaten to injure any per son or the DroDertv of anv person, real or personal, shall be punishe'd by Im prisonment at hard labor in the State Prison or State House of Correction for a term not exceeding two years, or by a fine not exceeding $100, together with the costs ox prosecution. Disguised. An English author once attended a masked ball without a mask or domino. The lady of the house, a little piqued at this slight approached him and said: "And, pray, sir, what character do you assume? "I appear as a gentleman, said he. "AM a cap ital disguise T And he .withdrew for repairs. Feu alb Education, Says a paper, speaking of the education of women. "Part of the drill of every school ought to be the reception, by a wire in an old dress, at a dinner of boiled beef and carrots, of an unlooked-for guest, thoughtlessly brought home by a reck loss husband. Turning Down the Corner. The turning of the corner of a note minus an envelope signifies an apology for sending it without the usual cover ing. Such Informality is admissible in these days only among Intimate friends, and even then it is in taste to employ an envelope. With visiting cards, the upper left-hand corner turned down means "visite," and is used for an or dinary call; the upper right-hand cor ner turned down expresses "felicita tion, and Is employed for a visit of congratulation; the lower left-hand corner, "conze," rf presents a farewell call, and the lower right-hand corner, "condolence,' expresses a desire to sympathize with bereavement The rule most generally observed and un derstood in card etiquette is the turn ing of one end of the card, which de notes a desire to see all the ladies -of the family without leaving a card for each one. This last practice is derived from the English cusUm of doubling one card in the middle for all the ladles of a household. if. Y, World. "Suppose I should work myself up to the Interrogation point said a beau to his sweetheart "I should respond with an exclamation T was the reply. jororanr apple3eeb. The Frontier Orchard-Planter Philanthropist and Mht ; v sionarv. Oorrasoedeaoo New York Evening Post. Jonathan Chapman was born In Bos ton about the year 1775. How he drifted from that point to the wlldi of western Pennsylvania, where he was first known to have indulged his pecul iar monomania for the planting of apple-trees in the wilderness, is not known. The rapid settlement of that S art of the country, however, soon rove him further westward. In 1801 he entered the territory of Ohio with a horse-load of appleseeds, gathered from the cider-presses of western Pennsyl vania; coming first to Licking county, and planting his seeds in many fertile spots on and about tho banks of Lick ing creek. For the rext five years he disappeared, pass In or the period, doubt less, in the establishment of other nurseries In a different quarter. In 1805 he was seen by a pioneer settler oi Jefferson county, drifting slowly down the Ohio river in two canoes, lashed together and loaded with apple seeds. These he was transporting westward, for the purpose of creating orcuards upon the furthest verge of wmte settlement Entering the Mus kingum river at Marietta, he passed by various tributaries to the head of navi gation In Ashland county. Johnny selected the mast fertile spots in the rich loamy grounds on the banks of the creeks for his purpose; planting often as high as 16 bushels of seed to the acre; and enclosing the grounds with a slight fence or guard of brush. He then left the place until the trees had in a measure grown. The old settlers describe the margins of the streams upon which these early nurseries were planted as thickly, coy ered over with a low matted growth of timber, while near the water's edge a ranic mass of long grass Interlaced with morning-glory and wild-pea vines, among which drooping willows and clustering elders stood like sentinels on the outpost of civilization. The canoe voyage of 1806 appears to nuve been the only occasion upon which Johnny adopted that method of transportation, all bis other journeys having been made on foot over the old trail leading from Fort Duquesne to Detroit by way of Fort Sandusky, known as "the second route through the wilderness of Ohio." Having planted one stock of seeds, he would return to Pennsylvania for another, gathering them from the cider-presses at different places. These seeds he conveyed to their destination in rude leathern bags, in place of linen ones, the dense growth of underbrush and briers encountered upon the way mak ing the use of some more durable fab ric necessary. Sometimes the bags found transportation on the bank of an aged or broken-down horse which their owner had mercifully rescued from harder usage, but more frequent ly on his own sturdy shoulders. When the trees were ready for sa?e, Johnny either sold them himself, at a very low price, or left them In charge of some one to sell for him. And in this matter of sales he was as method ical as any merchant If the customer: was too poor to purchase trees, which frequently happened, he got them with out pay ; if in letter circumstances,but destitute of ready cash, Johnny made some convenient trade, taking old clothing or a supply of corn-meal in exchange; but if the owner was well-to-do Johnny demanded money, which he was seldom without Ills general custom,however,was to take a note pay able at some indefinite period. Having received it he troubled himself no fur ther about the payment considering tho transaction at an end, as, Indeed, it generally was. Caring little for money and with very limited personal wants he frequently came Into possession, by the sale of trees, of more money than he cared to keep. This he soon dis posed of in gifts to some poor family, struggling against the misfortunes common to a life on tho border, in the purchase of doctrinal books of the Swedenborgian faith for gratuitous distribution, and in the care of aged and infirm horses.. Whenever he saw or heard of an animal being abused, he at once purchased it and gave it to some more humane farmer, stipulating for Its kindly treatment The severe labors incident to a rough frontier life often maimed or disabled horseswhich otherwise a burden to their owners, were tnrned loose to die. Whenever Johnny heard of such an animal he Immediately made diligent search for it and, bargaining for its proper care during the winter, led it away in the summer to some rich pasture which he had found In his wandering. In this way he often collected a considerable drove of animals, convalescent mem bers of which he persistently refused to sell, but readily gave away to such persons as bound themselves solemnly to treat them well. He regarded the Infliction of pain or death upon any creature as an almost unpardonable sin. His conception of the helnousness of this sin, too, was not limited to the higher forms of life, but extended to the minutest insect and to its mere disturbance or incon veniences. One cool autumnal night while lying by his camp-fire in the woods, he observed that the mosqui toes blew Into the flames and were bur ned. Taking the huge tin dipLer. wnicn answered tne uouDie purpose of cup and mush-pot from his head, he filled it with water and quenched the fire, remarking afterward. "God forbid that I should build a fire for my com fort which should be the means of de stroying any of his creatures P At an other time he made his camp-fire at the end of a hollow log in which he In tended to pass the night; but finding it occupied by a bear and her cubs, he removed the fire to the other end, and slept in the snow rather than disturb the bears. Walking one morning over a small prairie he was bitten by a rat tlesnake. Some time afterward a friend inquired of him about the matter. He drew a Jong- sigh, and replied; "Poor fellow I he only just touched me, when I, in an ungodly passion, put the heel of my scythe on him and went home." Again, while assisting in the construc tion of a road through the woods, a hornet whose nest had been destroyed in the operation found lodgment un derneath Johnny's shirt Notwith standing the fact that he was repeat edly atung by the enraged insect he removed It with the greatest gentle ness. Ills companions laughingly ask ed him why he did not kill It receiv Ing in reply,"It would not be right to kill the poor thing, for it did not in tend to nurt me. Next to his enthusiasm for the cul tivation of apple-trees in what he term ed the proper way, that is, from the seed pruning and grafting being an absolute sin in his eyes was t he rev with which he advocated the peculla doctrines of the Swedenborgian faith. In the purchase of books and tracts, treating on this system of religion he expended much of his revenue, and It was his custom always to carry a lew old volumes with him. Almost the first thing he did upon entering a set tler's house, wearied with his long tramp, was to lie down on the floor, with his knapsack for a pillow, and in quire if his auditors would hear "some news right fresh from heaven." Draw forth his few tattered books he, would enlarge upon the beauties of his faith until his hearers caught the glow of his enthusiasm, while scarcely com- prehendlcj hla words. So ' anxious was he that every one should read his books, and so limited was their num iKjr, that he devised an original method by which one book was converted Into a serial. Dividing a volume into many pieces,eacn contaimnj a single chapter, he left one at a ; log-bouse, and on a subsequent . visit furnished . another fragment continuing this process un til the whole book had been read. In this way he was enabled to furnish reading matter to several families at the same time, the only drawback to the process lying in 1 the fact that the first instalment given to some illiterate backwoodsman happened to be the last fraction ot the volume, and the unfor tunate recipient was thus compelled to read the book through backward.. The personal appearance of Chap man waa as singular as his character. He was a small, wiry man. quick and restless in his motions and conversa tion; his beard, though not . long, was unshaven ; his hair was long and dark, and his eyes black and sparkling. He lived the roughest life, camping out in the woods, or, if sleeping in a house, occupying the floor. He dress was an indescribable medley, composed of the cast-off clothing he had taken in ex change for apple-trees. In later years he seemed to think even this kind of second-hand raiment too laxurious.and wore as his principal garment an old coffee sack in the bottom and sides of which he cut holes to thrust his head and arms through. This he pronounc ed "a very serviceable cloak, and as good clothing as any man need wear." He scarcely ever wore shoes, except in winter but if traveling in the sum mer time, and the rough road hurt his i'eet he would make Jhimself a rude pair of sandals. He never purchased any covering for his feet When he used anything in the form of boots or shoes they were cast-off things, gener ally uhmated, which he would gather up, however dilapidated they might be, always insisting that it was a sin to throw aside a boot or shoe so long as it would adhere to a human foot His head-gear was constructed on a like economical principle.' For a long time he wore the large tin dipper in which he cooked his mush while trav eling. But, as it failed sufficiently to protect his eyes from the sun, he con structed a hat of paste-board, with an immense peak in front and bent down at the sides to shade his face from the heat ; thus securing an article that com bined usefulness with economy, and which became his permanent fashion. The same close economy Johnny car ried into all the phases of his life, ex tending it to his diet, which was as meagre as his clothing. He believed it to be a sin to kill any creature for food, holding that the soil produced everything requisite for human sub sistence. Among his other . eccentricities was that of bearing pain with more than Indian fortitude. , His nervous sensi bility rooms to have been less acute than those of ordinary mortals; for if he had a cut or core, his method of treatment was first to sear it . with a red-hot iron, and then cure it as a burn. This fortitude, together- with his strange appearance and eccentric act ions, led the Indians, among whom he wandered unmolested, to regard him as a great "medicine-man," and to treat him with much kindness. During the war of 1012, when the frontier settlers were hunted down bv the savaire allies of Great Britain, Johnny travelled night and day, warning the people of approaching danger. . visiting every cabin, he delivered this message: "The spirit of the Lord is upon me, and has aiinointed mo to blow the trumpet in o wilderness and sound the alarm In e forest; for behold the tribes of the ucathen are round about your doors, and a devouring flame followeth after Uiem." Denying himself food or rest he traversed the border day and night warning all the settlers until the dan ger was past Thus this strangely clad, . eccentric character wandered for years through the forests and border settlements, car ing for his scattered nurseries and spreading the tenets of his peculiar faith. Leading a blameless and moral life, he likened himself to the primitive Christians, literally taking no thought for the morrow. It .was this convic tion that made him at all times serene ly happy. Upon one occasion an itin erant preacher was holding forth on the public square In Mansfield in a long and somewhat tedious discourse upon the sin of extravagance: fre quently emphasizing his text by the inquiry, "Where now is the barefooted Christian traveling to heaven?" John- lie, who was lying on his back in some ti iaber, taking the question in its lit eral sense, raised his bare feet in the air and vociferated, "Here s your prim itive Christian r to the discomfiture of the well-dressed missionary. In 1838 Johnny took a solemn fare well of all the families in this part of the state, following his vocation for the next nine years on the border of Ohio and Indiana. In 1847 he died in the cabin of a settler near Fort Wayne, at the age of seventy-two years, 46 of which had been devoted to his self-imposed mission. The physician who was present at his death was heard to inquire what was Johnny Appleseed's religion; he had never seen a man in so placid a state at the approach of death, and so ready to enter upon an other life. The Age of Man. Few men die of old age. Almost all die of disappointment passion, mental or bodily toll, or accident The com mon expression, "choked with pas sion," has little exaggeration In it; even though not suddenly fatal, strong passions shorten life.- Strong-bodied men often die young; weak men often live longer than the strong, for the strong use their strength and the weak have none to use. The latter take care of themselves: the former do not As it is with the body, so It is with the mind and temper. The strong are apt to break, or, like a candidate, to run; the weak to. run out The inferior animals that live temperate lives, have generally their prescribed number of years. The horse lives 25 ; the ox 15 or 20 ; the dog 10 or 12 ; the rabbit 8 ; the guinea pig 0 or 7 years. These numbers all bear a similar proportion to the time the animal takes to grow to Its full size. ' But man, of all the animals, seldom lives this average. He ought to live 100 years according to physical law, for five times twenty la a hundred; but instead of that, he scarcely reaches on an average four times Us growing period; the cat six times, and the rabbit even eight times the standard of measurement The reason is obvious man is not only the most Irregular and intemperate, but tho most laborious and hard-worked of all the ani mals. He Is also the most -Irritable, and there la reason to be lieve, though we cannot tell what an animal secretly feels, that more than any other animal, man cherishes wrath to keep It warm, and consumes himself with the fire of his own 6ocret reflec tions. A Yankee minister, being threat ened with deprivation, said to some of his flock, that if he were "deprived It would cost a hundred men their lives. On being asked what he meant by such a threat he explained that if he lost his benefice he should set up u a quack doctor, and if so, he had no doubt he should be the death of at least a hundred patients.