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Making Stool Cannon.
This Is a complex operation, and to the looker on is decidedly interesting. The steel is first "turned by steam lathe working slowly, but with tremen dous power, until the heavy mass of 'steel in the rough," so to speak, be comes a long cyhndrico-conoidal col umn. In this condition it is placed in proper position and a hole drilled clear through it by means of what is called a 'hog bit." This hog bit is a small rec tangle of very hard steel, turned up at one end in such a manner as to form a rude vertical section of a spherical triangle. The whole rectangular piece is then clamped down upon a flat shaft of chilled iron in such a manner as to fit in and form one piece with the shaft. The latter has at the opposite end a cylindrical shape, which end is held in a frame and worked by appropriate machinery moved by steam upon one end of the steel column to be perforated. The end of the column is first "fag into" a little, and then the "hog bit" does its work. It revolves on its axis and the "bit" describes a circle, tearing out the hard steel slowly but surely. As the guns have a bore of six indies diameter, and the bit describes a circle of only two and three-fourths inches radius, the enlargement of the perfora tion is accomplished by other bits. Once perforated, the now hollow - tubes of steel r i i i n - s to be "jacketed"' "collared," and "breeched" before it is allowed to graduate into the society of cannon. , The jacket, is an outside wrap of steel, hollowed in the same way, heated until it expands sufficient to be slipped over the tube it is intended to jacket. Upon cooling this outside wrap contracts and presses upon the now inside tube with almost the same degree of cohesion as the molecules of the steel themselves. The object of the "jacket" is to strengthen the gun and prevent accident. The explosive force of the gases evolved from gunpowder being tremen dous, and occurring mostly at the breech, the primary object is to strengthen this latter part. Collars of steel, great blocks of the carbonized iron, having been turned into shape; and perforated, are next expanded by heat, and slipped over the breech part of the gun. When contracting they grow into and become a part of it. The breech head of the gun is next lathed and fash ioned, different workmen being em ployed on different parts of this. The rifling of the gun is another step. A different kind of "bit" from the "nog"; a spur of steel tempered to greet hard ness is clamped to the center of a semi circular piece of copper and iron, and this last device is slowly worked through the gun on a spiral turn, giving the "rifle twist." The breech head is then grooved and adjusted, and the breeeh cap formally adjusted. This, as is known to all who have examined breech loaders, swings back on a hinge or spring, and when closed is securely locked by a lever clamp. The hotly of one of the guns that is, the inside tube is now ready. Work is being actively pursued on the other and on the various mechanism that gOOl to make up one of the new improved rifled cannon. Some of it, the breech part especially, is complex, and requires skillful workmen, special tools nnd a long time to be wrought successfully. Washington National llcpuhlicnn. Sweethearts and Wives This is an excellent and venerable toast. I have no doubt it could be found deposited under the foundation stone of one of the oldest existing monuments in the world that to Washington over yonder. It is old, but it will be still new and fresh, long after the Washing ton monument is finished. It is one of the most ingenious sentiments ever de vised by evasive man. Its origin is lost In the mists of antiquity, but it was, no doubt, concocted before latch keys were invented. "Sweethearts and wives," Is that "and" a conjunctive or a dis junctive conjunction? It is both. It oitl the convivial hour of the banquet, and it will pass muster under the do mestic inspection at any hour of the morning. It. may mean for the worldly moment that there are sweethearts and there are also wives, and it may mean, when it must, in the hour when an ac count has to be given of the deeds done here in the banquet, that sweethearts and wives are the same persons. It is tin honored toast, being usually kept, like good wine, till the last. It is thrown in as a propitiatory offering, like the sentiment to the press. Neither of them is dictated by fear, but by that affection ate and wholesome respect for discipline which keeps man on the right track in this world. I have sometimes wondered that, on public occasions, woman, who is alto gether the most important item in life, the cause of most of the wars and nearly all the reformations the incentive and the reward of all labor, should be put after the Constitution, the so-called navy, Mexico and the dary we celebrate. In a rightly ordered world the toast to woman should come next to that to the President of the United States. Hut we shall never have everything exactly , right in this land, until, as a conserva tive friend says, wo have a colored woman for President. It is not necessary in the presence of the Army of the Potomac that I should appear ee the eulogist of woman, she is indeed beginning tO speak for herself, nnd I am expecting the day when she will begin to speak for us; when she will do man some slight justice for the little part he has played in history. She knows just wheu he has been false and when true; whe'i his bravery was gtMine, end when it w as from the fear of being called a onward; whet he ! .. THE NORTHERJN TRIBUNE AUGUST 4. 1888. been a pretender; when he has been a hypocrite; when he has been so royal that she could worship him without a flutter of reservation, and love him without a blush; she has studied him and kept all these things in her heart. She has shed tears enough over him to wash away all his sins, to float him into Heaven, if he could go there by water. She has flattered him till his head touched the stars. She has strengthened his heart, and sent him out into the world with a shield, and the injunction not to return without it, unless he was borne upon it. She is always willing to hold out a light by which he can swim across the river to her, and her smile is always worth the swim. She is always ready to pray him out of any mischief she has enticed him into. She will make a man of him, if anything in this world can. Her constancy is a proverb; she is the one thing that is never twice the same and that never changes; the, one object that man can confidently tie to. She is our National motto personi fied infinite variety in unity. What she was yesterday she will not be to-morrow, aud she was not the day before, she is everlasting ly the same. What she was to the soldier of the Army of the Poto mac I need not say whether she re mained at home to sew for him and pray for him, or followed him afield with lint and bandages, or went about in hospi tals, in the garb of a saint, wish the smile of an angel, the picture of a self sacrifice, to "kiss him for his mother." How her patriotism and genius for organisation shone out in that great army she created, second only in impor tance to the army in the field, which cared for the wounded and sick. When you are balancing in your mind the cost of a spring bonnet and ten thousand regalias remember that it was American women who devised and ex ecuted the greatest alleviation ever known for the miseries ot war. Did she make any less sacrifice than you, patient in her lonely home, keeping up her courage and yours? I need Dot say how you thought of In r constancy and of her pride in you; and your disire to play the man partly for her sake, sweetheart or wife, heartened you and rated you. You thought last at night and first in the morning that she was thinking of you, and the thought that she would weep with joy in your victory was the wee test thing in it. Cod bless her! How she stood by you and was proud of you, and loved you! What is there in life so sweet! But I am not here to praise women or the Army of the Potomac; only to give you "sweethearts and wives." A sweetheart is good, a wife is better; best of all is sweetheart and wife in one person. From Speech lj Charles Dudley Warner at tin Potomac Reunion UanqucL Excise The word "excise" is probably de rived from the Latin cxridcrc to cut off, being, the clipping taken by the Lord from any article on going into consump tion. Excise figures altogether for 27, 240,000, which is the amount levied on articles manufactured within the king dom, just as the Customs are on those of foreign make, but including also the railway duty and various licenses, both those on public houses and those which have replaced the old taxes. Spirits produced, 14,800.000 besides which the wine and spirit licenses bring in 1, 800,000, beer 8,600,000, railways 800,000. and the remaining licenses, representing In the main w hat we used to call assessed taxes, namely, those on carriages, dogs, armorial bearings, and SO On, 1,500,00Q. Taking, therefore, excise end Customs together we derive from w ines and spirits more than 21, 600,000, from beer 8,600,000, from tobacco 9,000,000, from tea and coffee 4,300,000, from licenses (other than public-house licenses) 1,600,000, and railways 800,000. In raising these immense sums two main principles have been born in view. One is that no raw materials and no neces sary articles of food have been taxed. Our fathers nay, we ourselves used to pay duty on bread, meat, sugar cotton, flax, hemp, hides, indigo, oil, silk nnd many other articles of primary importance, all now happily free. The wonderful progress of our manufactures is due no doubt partly to the high quali ties of our produce, partly to the skill and Industry of t he British workman, partly to our natural advantages, espe cially in the possession of coal and iron, but very much also to the fact that our manufacturers obtain their material duty free. The second principle is that whenever a custom is levied an equiva lent excise duty should be imposed. For instance, if the duty were taken off foreign spirits, of course it would be im possible for English manufacturers to compete with foreign distillers, and vice versa. Creat care is therefore taken aa far as possible to impose equal duties on wines, spirits ami beer, taking in remain the quantity of alcohol as the test. In agricultural districts there has long been a strong desire that the duty on malt should be removed, and to meet their views as far as possible Mr. Glad stone arranged to levy the duty on the beer itself and not on the malt. It is manifestly impossible 1 take the duty off beer; and moreover, if we did, Wt must give up that on spirits also. Speaking roughly, w e may say thai beer is drank in England, w hisky in Scotland snd Ireland, and it would manifestly ir unfair to take the tax off our fovorite beverage, and h ave it on that of our Scotch and Irish fellow-countrymen. Sir John Lubbock, in Nineteenth ntury. Plumbs, pigs ami poultry st em n trio which thrive in company. Plum trees in poultry or pig yard thrive anil ! tr abundantly when trees In otbet ... Mtions shed Uieir fruit jMPLOYMENT BUREAU, Copying and Book Potting at ffsnsnwn nit- Kate, Also House to Kent. C. HARVEY JACKSON. Sljunetf Real Estate. J HAVEfor sate some verydeslrable Farming Lands and VUuge Property Annum which are tbefollow ng: IN TOWM 37 R. 1 VV . of , 4 flecMOIl 24. 3 w f 1 w U " 84. Mot n e U " 36 B w of n o " 25 N w 'v,r o h ' it S e U or n w H 14 38. IN iOWN 36 N., K.2 W I So 12, auction 10. IN TOWN 3fl N,E 2 W. N e )4 f n w 54 section B. in town S7 n., R.a w. N w U .f n v 4m,, .. B H ot n t ' 6 N w 4 ol hh U ,. IN I'OWS 3K N, R. 2 W N Vi of n e ?4 Miction St, I K of w " 34. OKO w. BBfcL, Vbxtrnct and Reiil Rrtate Office . CHEBOYGAN MI( II . Prof. Dor-emus on Porous Plasters The College of the City of New York, j Cor. Lexington Ave. ami IN St. Nkw Yokk, April 27, Ittt. Messrs. BXAKTBI & Johnson: Qentlsun At your request I have obtained in open market samples of Benson's Capeine Porous Planters ami AllOOCk'l porous plasters, and have submitted them to chemical analvsis to determine their comparative merits as exter nal remedies. I find in Bsnsott'a Cepeine Plasters valuable medical ingredients, which do not exist in All cock's porous plasters; hence in my opinion they are superior to those of Alcnck's". Yours resp'y. R. 0GDKN DORDMU8. M. D, IX. D. Prof, of Cheniestry and Physics in the College of the City of New York, and Prof of Cheniest ry and Toxicology in Bellevue Hospital Medi cal college. $65 per Month and Hoard for three live younir men or Indies In each cnimtv. Address I". W. .icurler & ( u, Chicago, III Naval Battles OF TEE WOULD Hv Edward Shippen, Medical Director of U. 8. N. A thrilling f'letoral History of the world's TM1 sea tijrhts, with specimens of naval archi tect uyc of nil itjjes. A record of wonderful ex ploits more Interesting than fiction. Price only a, ft sells everywhere. APCMTC "ike $100 per month. Address HULll 10 J. C.MeCurdy &('.. CMcefO, III. PETER COOPER. His Life and Character, by C Edwards Lester, author of 'The (ilory and Shame of England; 4ihe Napoleon Dynasty', etc. illustrated: paper lOete; cloth 25c; half Russia .S5c. Postage stamps taden; not sold by dealers; prices too low. Also the following, large type, unabridg ed: Life of Alex H Stephens, I0c, 28c and 85c Life of Washington Irving, by stoddard, tic Life of Sir Isaac Newton, by Jas Parton 2c Rip Van Winkle, by Washington Irving, 2c Burning of Rome, by Cennon Ferrer, 2c American Humorists Artemus Ward, 2c Enoch Arden. by Alfred Tennyson, 2c Deserted Village, the Traveler, (ioldsmith, 2c Cotter's Saturday Night, etc, Robt Burns 2c Schslar's Song of the Hell and other poems iV The Sea Serpents of Science, Andr'w Wilson 2c World Smashing, by W Mattien Willioms, 2c John B. Ai.den, Publisher, 18 Vesey St. New York. The Wonderful Efficacy of DR. SCHENCK'S MANDRAKE PILLS Han bwn "o fws,uSjf au.l satisfactorily proven th.it it MOM itlnioat Hiiicrfluoun to Ray anything mori in t h ;r favnr. The lmniPtiHo and conBtantljr Increaxit.K demand for them, both in thia and foreign countries, in the best cvido:ieo of their value. Their ale to-lay in the TUtitod States in far greater than any BttMf cithartio medicine. Thia demand ifl Sot BBSSSMSISj it is NtfSiM and steady. It is not of to duyor yesterday, it is an increase, that has boon to.-.dily K rowing for the lant thirty-flvo yoars. What axe the reasons for this great and growing demand r Ifr.ScJicnrk's .Marulrnlie Pillaeontain no mer cury, and yet they act with wonderful effect uion the livt r, They cloauRO tho stomach nnd bowcle of all irritating matter, which, if allowed to remain. poiHouHtlio blood, and br.m-s on Malaria, Chills and Fever, and many other di: eivcs. They give health; cad atnoftb to tho dlywttrs organs. They crcato c; fe and givn viinr t j tho wbotaSfltSB, Thoy are ia fact thunediciMO of n'.l others which should boirben in ti Msllkatbfl i - n. hen malarial and cthsreriidnmi snri, ra-ici', o i they prepare the sya. IttB to reiiiiit attacks of t'ajiaaS 8f every character. i' . NcnenelK'e Mnn'ri:!;.? Till are sold by all i. 1 1 ij jri.prir bx, or eet-t by mail, poetiiaid. K ' M ;t of price. D'. Pcb'-nrkVi Pock on Consumption, Mr r r -umdaint and Dyspepnin, in Kuglisli or German, is sent free to all. Address Dr. J. II. KCni'NCK. dc HON, I'hhurielphla, Pa. QS Livery Stable Situated Main Street, opposite A. P. Newton Store. Whereyon can find Mew . tylif h.Fint-ck t un- OUtSi Double and Single.to be let at reasonable rates. M AS. A. SMOLK STOP ! STOP ! STOP ! Where? l OLD Bargains, Bargains ! IN STAPLE COTTON GOODS! Dress Goods. Fancy Goods. Laces of All Kinds. Embroideries. Notions. Carpets. Boots & Shoes. Hats and Caps. Staple and Fancy Groceries BEEF, PORK AND FLOUR, Always on hand at Lowest Prices. No. 1 Michigan White Oats. Call and Investigate. WeCnnd WETMORE LOOK OUT 70K Uncle Sam's Furniture House ! New Goods, of .all kinds, and 1 beat the State on prices. I have just received a new lot of Moulding and Picture Frames. Frames made to order. Looking Glasses in endless variety. Window ornices and Chromos. I will Sell Get my Prices. A full line of Undertaking Goods, Burial Cases, Caskets, Robes, Shrouds, k Funerals attended promptly, with Hearse and Carriages. J. H. TUTTliE- Corner Main and Third Streets, Cheboygan, Mich. G. LOOP, 3Ea,rL"u.fa,ctu.rer of" Boots and Shoes of all Kinds ! SHOP ON THIRD STREET, 11 Where? and Will Nell at liottom Priees. & PADDOCK WEST END OF BRIDGE. ill STORE !