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Trouuiole Turk i'roduetlon.
Notwithstanding the large losses by the swine disease ordinarily known as hog eholoni, the alarm about internal parasites, tin- growing prejudice in many sections against i he use of pork, the substitution of cotton-seed oil and beef tallow for genuine lard, and the prohibition against all American pork products h several European govern ments, the raising of hogs continues to be profitable in almost all sections of the country. What is more, this is a profit able industry for hot 1 1 large and small fanners. Much has been written about the profit of keeping large numbers of cattle and sheep, as is practiced in places where land is cheap, but an equally good showing may be made by those who have engaged very extensive ly in swine raising. Perhaps no person in the country has realized a very large fortune by raising hogs for the market, but a very considerable number have accumulated respectable fortunes by so doing. Many Who have made the pro duction of beef a specialty have derived much of their profit from the hogs they have kept in connection with bullocks. The like is true of those farmers who have devoted most, of their attention to the production of milk. They have used their whey and skimmed milk to good advantage in feeding pigs. Small farmers who bare not had the land and capital to aable them to keep large nocks of sheep and herds of cattle have prospered In consequence of raisins and feeding pigs. The have produced the pork and lard for their own families, and have had some of both to sell. Tin pigs have cost them but little, m thej were principally raised on articles not readily sold or utilized. They ate sour milk, kitchen slops, w eeds, and dam aged coin and small grains. In most respect8 hogs are very profit able animal- to raise. They breed at an early age and are very prolific. Hogs will mature or be in t ondit ion for tbe market, with proper feeding and man agement, in one-tnlrd the time required for cattle and sheep. The require less shelter, and that afforded them may be of a cheaper character. A fai m designed for raising hogs can be titled lip with suitable buildings at a f urth of the ex pense of one devoted to raising horses or cattle, and for a ttlueb -mailer sum than one designed for raising sheep. Hogs utilize a larger proportion of the food they consume than any animals kept on farms, sir John Bennett Lswes estimated as the result of careful experi ment that hogs utilized twenty per cent, of the food they consumed, while cattle did but eight percent. The manure made by hogs is very valuable. It is especially rich in ammonia, which is wanted on soils of every description. Hogs, if rightly tended, will convert many substance-that they do not eat in to manure. Old ba . -t raw. and many other things of no direct value are con verted into excellent fertilizers by being incorporated with the droppings of swino and trampled under their feet. Hogs arc the only animals kept on farms that will sub.-i: t q weed and wild nuts. They can be mark 'ted to better advantage, as a smaller proportion of their bodies is waste, llogs are the most protitabo Animals to raise with a view of slaughtering and curing the meat for a home market. There is gen erally a good demand for salt pork, hams side bacon, and lard at some seasons of the ear al t! e places where hogs are raised. With the present man ner of marketing hogs, w . en alive, not enough pork products remain in most sections of t e country to supply the in habit;, nts. Uonerslh live hogs are sent to eitie- In the fall, and cured meat and lard sent back in the spring. Hos have long oeen .raised cheaper in thei'nitcd States than in any country in the world, principally for the reason that corn is so eailj produced. It is likely that corn will long continue to be the principal food employed to fatten hogs, but the time has come w hen other and cheaper substance! should be em ployed as far as possible for feeding them while they are growing. While corn commanded but a very low price it w as the cheapest substance that could be used to feed to hogs at any period of their growth. It was for a long time so cheap and plenty as to prevent farmers from giving much attention to other materials. All feeders acknowledge that there is no profit In raising cattle and sheep on corn alone or by the aid of only so much grass as w ill insure health. It is profitable to raise hogs entirely on corn, and this show s thai bogs utilize a much larger proportion of it than cattle and sheep do. It is much more profita ble, however, to substitute cheaper ma tertalS as far as possible, Hogs may be raised al cattle and sheep are, largely on grass and clover. The hog is grazing animal, and if provided with suitable pasturage will gain during live months ..f the year on vegetables thai do not require to be harvested. The testimony of many experienced feeders i;i that live'hogs of average size can lie KC I during the growing season on an acr of good clover pasture, In place when red clover does not do Well a good sub stitute for it may btJ found ii orchard graM. A pasture for bogs Should eon rain some shads and an abundant supply of water. It should be convenient feci Betal whore food is raised that can M taken to the p-ou -e in cms,, the siiih of grass or cloVer is !iM1 on ae 'titt of ' drOUtli or of,.- ans - . A p li n of at least !.oii!.t i- qi dr. so t ;t t hog wa i uvc a e.i . t.i! ' ' place to sleep on itnriiiji damp weather, Much luw re. nty be. n w ritten on the advsnmvc nf so.lin - ' ogs over the system ol ihwipg. t;. in to feed in a pasture I' is claimed . twenty In can be kept mi lUtQrvven ; redact!" 'n acre ol gr .mi. ? ohm . von tjs Mfl la' or ! 4 requir" i to eu t e io-l ! biiii ii to ue VtmJ w e U.e logs are THE NORTHERM TKIBUNK A i confined. I5v having the feeding-yard quite near the fields where the fodder is raised the labor of niovingmay be made small. A sled or low wagon is recom mended for moving the green fodder from the Held to tne van!. The crops recommended for soiling hogs are red clover, orchard and other tendergrasses, sweet corn, sugar-cane, rye, and peas. Location and climate will determine the dantstbut are most economical to raise, n California and most of the Southern States alfalfa is superior to any of the plants mentioned, and it stands the pre vailing droughts better. Cabbages have been found to be cheap food for hogs in many sections of the country. In France the farmers are giving atten tion to the raising of leeks for hogs. They are said to be especially valuable for (piite young pigs. Like onions and garlic, they are known to be very whole some and to act as preventives of many diseases. In many places pumpkins and squashf! are easily raised, and they make excellent food for hogs during the period between good grass and ripe corn. The profitableness of Jerusalem arti chokes is acknowledged by nearly all who have raised them, but their culture is not as general as it should be. They are easily grown, very productive, and exceedingly Wholesome. The economic feeding of hogs has not received the at tention it deserves. In fact, the value of our hog products Is not appreciated. The hogs of this country supply most of the meat eaten, while the pork products exported bring 9100,706,779 into the country. Chicago Times, Scientific Horse-Shoeing. During the last year there has been considerable discussion, in various agri cultural papers, on horse-shoeing. Liko all other subjects, various opinions have been expressed and definite directions given upon it; not only as to the neces sity and Utility of shoeing at all, but as to the manner of doing it. The paring, cutting, trimming ami treatment of the hoof in general, have been dwelt upon; its construction ami the formation of its different parts explained, so that it would seem that every owner of a horse and every person who had ever shod one had a thorough knowledge of the whole matter, and the operation could always be performed to perfec tion. The fact is. however, that while there are many blacksmiths throughout the country who partially understand l he structure ami formation of the hoof, and are careful to do their work in the best, possible manner, and to some ex tent make shoeing a specialty, there are few who devote their attention to the business so much as to make it an ob ject of study ami to become perfectly familiar with all its details. On the other hand, by far the greater part of those who practice shoeinjl know little and care less w het her their work is done in the best, or even in a proper, manner, if it Is SO done as to .satisfy their cus tomers, who know as little as them s. b, es how the work should be done, between the ignorance of the two, the hotse, if not entirely ruTned, is so far injure. 1 as to materially impair his use fulness, ami render him liable to ail ments and diseases which might have licen avoided by a more judicious or dlffereni treatment. The reined for all this lies with the owner himself. Let him carefully study and understand, so far as general prin ciples will lead him, and. being inter ested, he w'!l be better qualified to di rect the sniitn how to do his work than the smith can be, who has no acquain tance with tbe animal, his manner of traveling, or in many cases the work to which he is called. Let the owner or driver note carefully the condition of his animal's foot; have the shoe well fitted and in such shape as to preserve, in most cases, the form of the hoof w hieh nature has given. In very few eases nature has caused a mal-forniatioii, and in such ease have the shoe made ami set to tit the foot. Valuable horses are often spoiled or much injured by the neglect of the owner to observe these precautions. Also see that the shape of the Shoe is neither too wide nor too nar row, which latter Is the greater fault, as it Contracts the hoof to an unnatural shape, and druses the horse to move with an awkward anil unsteady gait. The shoe should not be so short as to fail to cover the foot, or so long as to extend beyond the hoof; and it shouid be set squarely anon the foot; that is, the toe calk should be exactly in tho center of the shoe and point directly for ward. Especially is this important with a young animal, whose hoof Is growing fast and will easily accommodate Itself to the shape of the shoe and the manner in which it is set. If the shoe remains any length of time after setting w ith a twist, there will be a twist In tbe foot. Care should also be taken that, the shoes be all set alike, and not, as in main CaSCS, one shoe twisted to the right and the other to the left This condition I saw only a short time since. No animal shod In that way c: n travel with ease. It is import:. el thai horses not used in hard work should not be shod too Optcn, as the hoof Will bfl too much cut with the nails and will not be so tough to hold them, and be harder and mors brittle. NeM'er should they go too ion without shoeing, for they art apt t sttirabie and .strata the ankles when t ie hoof is much grown, and cause wi .1 galls end oft n permanent Linen--. Air considerable experi ence ami .niu a observation I havufound I ;:l in 'ins, as in other things, if WSJ . ni : ave it well done, ourselves must : W it shi.ll be done. Who does U is i . , do ;n w ith pads (,, k,,.p his F.o.x " o7i, hit .'.ring, will seldom he t -' i,'. I (I ). . ei -, . J i,i r, and not often v )' s t ,'! s,,i no calking, i - i, . fifuins (' the nurdcrous other ti - c. It. War- i. r. in ( i ' (JtnttrfmA, Albortns Magnus and Ills Automaton. Albertus Magnus possessed a wonder ful knowledge of chemistry, natural philosophy and medicine. His spare time, when freed from the onerous du ties of leeturer, was taken up with ex periments in these science. m. welt did he succeed in these imngs, ana soon marvelous result did he often obtain. that the common people feared him. and even among the learned it was bruited abroad that he was in seurel collusion with the dark powers. He studied the nature of the many diseases to which mankind is heir, and in conse quence was often able to etVect cures when tho physician's art had failed. This was ascribed to his power of magic and many of the simple people looked upon him with terror. Even the brothers of the convent feared to enter his dread workshop, and crossed themselves de voutly when obliged to enter within its mysterious precincts. History is full of legends about his wonderful power in mechanics, and represents him to us as not only surprising the low lier classes, but as astounding the educated by his contrivances. Even Thomas of Aquio is related to have been terror-stricken by what he saw within the bidden sanctuary of his master. It is is said that one day Thomas, whose curiosity led him to observe his masters work, profited by his absence to examine the interior of his labratory. Strange ani mals which he had never before seen, Instruments artistically made, vessels of most curious shape, were there exposed. Thomas' astonishment increased in pro portion as Ik; looked around. Something drew him toward the corner of tin; room. A scarlet curtain, reaching in long and close folds to the ground, seemed to him to conceal an object. I Ie approached, and timidly drawing aside tne curtain, found himself face to face with a beau tiful maiden. Hi' w ished to tly, but felt himself detained by magical force, and was compelled, in spite of hlTO IT. to ga.e on the enchanting figure of a young girl. The more he gied, the more it shone before his c es. the greater became his confusion. But this was not all. The strange form addles- , Ul him the triple salutation: "Salve, salve, salve." frightened beyond measure, Thomas imagined that the prince of hell was sporting with him. In tie fear and uneasiness that possessed him he strove to defend himself hm best be could against the tempter. He seised a stick wdiich was near him, and. exclaiming: "Begone, Satan!" struck the Imaginary demon repeated blows, till the automa ton (for it was nothing else) broke in pieces. Then, seized W-ith terror, he turned to fly from the room, w .eu he was met at the door bv Albert. Tne master, seeing what had happ ned in his absence, and that f e fruit ol In long application was annihilated, cried aloud in grief: "() Thomas, Thomas; w hat have you done! In one instant you have destroyed the labor of t in . years!" It would appear that Albert had made an automaton capable ol pro nouncing certain phrases and of walking across a room while sweeping it ' ' ' was the demon w inch temheil Lhoni:' and which occupied the thoughts of t I inventive Albert. A boat i Other Ira ditions have been banded down cone? tag him, many of them even ludier u but which fortunately have been d dIo bv his earliest biorraphers. For in tanee, he is said to have transported the daughter of the Kinir of train through tin! hair to Cologne. Anol r states that he rode to Rome on t back of the devil to absolve tl e I some peccadillo into which fallen. Another tells us t. :M versed the globe with A! Great Yet from these re! , , well gather the impression w,,i must have left upon his age, si:i bom i itad B ira- t the may Ubert gend and fable mid poetry ad com to weave a historic garland for him. How ever, although he excelled in sciences and arts, in metaphysics and philoso phy, the grandest claim Which he has to our love and veneration comes from the fact that w hile first in letters, he was also first among his peers in virtne. The Cntkohc World. - A Second LeadvlUe) Mr. Joseph Midi. all, just returned from Colorado, speaks ol a new mining camp just opened, which, in spite of aU obstacles, is bound to become another Leadville in point of growth and noto rietv. It is the town of Carbonate, situ ated in Garfield County. Colorado, in the midst of the Ute reservation, which WM Opened Up tO the Whites for settle ment and occupation only last year. The new city, now scarcely known to the outside world, was laid out, on the 8th day of last month, and now contains three or four cabins, the domiciles of four or live men who have been at work all winl MP, It Is Bald to contain a pure lead of carbonates without walls on either side, and running frot i 50 in 681 ounce- f silver, With 9$ to l-p r cent of lead to the ton. The snow In that region is now from four to ten fool deep for eighteen miles in all directions, an. I the only way to get to tho new El 1 o rado is on snow-shoes, and blankets and provisions have to be carried over the crust in this way. And yet since the opening (d V.w. mines one thousand peo ple hsvre been waiting !o go there, and alrcmly 'it? lots have been si id at bom y) to ftiftVO apiece cash. Mr. Mulhall. with Mr. John Songer, of Denver, went to within eighteen miles of the spot, being stopped by the snow at the Soda Springs, or Roaring Fork, where are the tin est hot springs in the world. They found some twenty live people already located about the sprin JS, where thS' had erected batli IngwfentS, showing MM incipient stages of a, great wntcrmgplece -yet to he puffed into notice-for the benefit of Suffering invalid Mr. Songer provided hlmMilf with snowahoej a ion-, ilcndcr G - 'sT fc! i--s shoe, not as wide as that in use by the Canadians and Indians of the East in the early days -with which he started over the snow-crust for Carbonate camp, but Mr. Mulhall would not ac company him with this cumbrous means of locomotion. To people not used to Wl.i(rllf anil nilwjHMj. DtMfl requiring a straddle of the legs, WilllM soon ,, P(Mm.,. fatigue and an Tn- ability to proceed, and the wearerwould break down under the encumbrance. Mr. Mulhall staid eight days at the Soda Springs, and will return there in a short time, when the trails will be opened through the snow. Mr. Songer has since been heard from. He traveled the distance on snow-shoes, carrying his blankets and provisions. He found everybody at Carbonate moving about on snow shoes, which are an essential part of the wearing apparel. He saw four or live claims w here work is going on, bringing out rich samples, and he further noticed a number of men digging in the snow trying to find locations which they had made the previous season. Mr. Songer believes that in this new mining district genuine carbonate of a paying grade w ill be found over a very extensive area, and he proposes to return and sM the army of prospectors that will repair thither. No excitement, not excepting Leadville, has more thoroughly aroused tiie citizens of Colorado, and it is calcu lated at least twenty thousand people will visit the carbonate lields of Garfield ( iounty w ithin the year. Mr." Mulhall says that Carbonate Camp is ninety-seven miles from Lead ville, due west, and twelve miles from old Fort Deliance. It is twenty-live miles from the mouth of Eaidc River, which empties into Uooney Fork. Tho site of these carbonates is 10,600 feet above tbe Sea level. There is, in addi tion to the silver mines, a hotly of coal that faces out on .the clitVs for thirty-live miles. This coal can be seen in thick layers, from which large blocks have tumbled out. St. Louis Republican. Daily Routine on the London Journals. Soon after six in the evening the sub editors arrive, and begin work on the piles of manuscript and printed matter which await them there. The printer is pressing them for "copy," for his hands are waiting; but they must pro ceed cautiously, 01' they w ill choke space which will be sorely wanted later on. Now the reporters in Parliament ami out of doors begin to send up their tirst manuscripts, and if these and those re ports to which there is no option, do not suffice to keep the printers going, a column or two of literary reviews may lie given to them, since these last, if found in excess when the paper is made up. can be held over. By ten the editor and his assistants will be at their posts, and now a serious consultation is held, for the topics of the principal leaders must be decided on w ithout delay. Such a choice has been deferred until the last possible moment, for irood reason. Had it been 1 made hefore, all the data which foreign and domestic telegrams, private notes from whips," confidential intimations from political friends and the explora tions (if trusted sooial agents could yield, had boon realised, it might be liable to reversal when all the arrangements based on it were in operation. As it is, the late delivery of a Blue laok, the publication of an Extraordinary (iazette, or a telegram announcing that a favor ite regiment has lost heavily in South Africa, will upset the operations of the editor's room just when such disturbance is most inconvenient. Sometimes those operations must commence before all the material necessary for them is at hand. An eminent statesman is speak ing at Edinburgh, Liverpool or Man chaster, and in London his Speech is be tag delivered by the telegraph boys in instalments. In such a case the leader-writer will be busy on the earlier part of the speech while the orator Is constructing his later sentences. By lOtld o'clock the leader-writers will have addressed them selves to their tasks, ami before they have nearly linisiied their articles, the earliest paragraphs will have been hand ed to them in proof for correction. By about eleven the chief printer makes his appearance in the editor's room with his "statement," a schedule of the titles and length in Columns of the articles he lias received, showing the foreseen re sult that the paper ii overcrowded. Proofs are now coming down very fast, and must be dealt with rajidly and re turned. By half-past- twelve the fourth page, that which is at a reader's left hand w hen be opens the paper out, must be closed up, locked in the iron frame, and sent to be stereotyped. The fifth page is the second to be sent to the foundry, and the inner pages are kept open longest. By about two tho last paragraph is dropped into the last open oolu inn, and such as it bad been made, with its merits and defects, the morning's pape must go before tho would. I.omion Leisure flour. "Pa, I wish you Would hny mo a little pony," said Johnny. "I haven't any mom' to hny yort :i pony, my son. You should go to school rcgylarry, my -on. stiuly hard) anil become -mart in:1. ii. ami BOOM of UlSSO days, when you oi'iiw up. you will have raoivoy of your own to buy ponies with." "Then, I Oppose, a, you li In'l stil ly much w!umi you Were a, little boy like mi1, or 1st you would save money now to buy ponies willi. wouldn't wui, pa?" Texaf A quack ifoctflT JKri t went v-i: re dol lars c;isii out of -j. Rhode bland urn for a eoosi' ev, Tho yolk was wu rantod to cure eon . imption, eojor the hair hl iek, remove freckles and litibr up rheumatic rninU. QR. H. HIETZE. PormerU Phyiielnn in the Prussian Army, will treat, with SMdicttl skill, all cases of sickness. Partleawr attention paid to chrumo diseases. A specialty ill be made ot all complaints of the weaker sex. office at Central Drufr Storo tided m yJEDARD METIVIER, COUNTY CLERK A REGISTER OP DEEDS ofth-ch'itin from a Vcloc A. M to 1 M and troml o'clockH.M.to4 P M , for tin ten re and ro oorrfir. d e.lt-or.Uhi MnPtr-niienU lo We paid f. wren ,lie same in lefi for r.0) rf , QlntlS B IIRACH. PHYSICIAN AND SUttOEON, Indian Hirer, Mich. PASTURE POK SALE OR R ENT. SO ACRES, I)f mih-s from town. Also ' about Id Tons of Hay for sale. Apply to JOHN (ii H'LDEN, Cheboyjran, M. PLUME IN G McDonald &Cueny Would rpspcci fully utMsTBffl to (lie pnbHf flint tfcftj huvp serurpit Hip services of WM. R. JONES of IrrntOB, Now Jersey, a Umi ueteiit and xperftnud l'limler, Sleam and (Jas fitter, and arenov prepared to make eoimechons with the Water Works, fit nn ItnJh Rooms willi Hot and ( old WnW and do all kinds of SANITARY isBURb & COOPER, riluPKIETORS, Ma'.r. treet, Ch.eboygaxi, Mich.. Cjy " ,low h" ve il V'T complete stock o Drugs, Chemicals, PATENT MEDICINES. Brushes, Sponges, Pefumery, Fancy and Toilet Articles, Imported and Domestic Wines, and Liquors for Medical Use. A fine line of Odor, Jewel and Dressing ;im n, CUT GLASS BOTTLES, &c. PRlSCrtIPTI01T Qnrefully compounded St all hours, nlRht or dsj, by a competent and skillful drutorlst. PROF. ROBERT S. SWEET TEACH EL' OE Music & Dancing! Academy in Kesseler Block. Cents' Class En e; Monday Ercnim Ladies' aad Juvenile Class Siturdays attP.M, . Social Hop livery Thursday Evening, Yiidln LeSSONf give on Se'u nlija prin 'ples. r'Irst ClassCrchcstra Furnishes' f ' sllWossasonSi ISO il tier In nil kinds of Musical Morchnn- dlse Violins end Violin Strings s specialty. Persons defiling to profit by my experience will do well to lve me a call. For further psrtli ulsrsspply at Academy or address n.x ite. ri;oF it.s. Em '' T A. I'cn in.M. I. 0 A. FstTin. M D. rxBriisr bf.o , PHYSICIANS. 8tRGK0N8, ETC. iim-T In iv eu s- Dm Wore. Mvin STiu i T, CHF.nOVG AN, M Ian