SATURDAY. DECEMBER 13.11883.
IN A LONG ISLAND RAILWAY
TJnto the ticket-seller's place
A Btrantft'r man did pro.
And said, while mopping off his facoi
"A ticket to Ilauy bpaugb."
Behind him etood a cockney vain.
Who queried; "Could you aw
Inform a fellah If this train
Is going to 'Aughpaugh'r"
Impatient at his elbow scowled
A man of manner rough,
Who passed his money up and growled;
"One ticket to Haughpaugh."
"It is," a bilious man doth whlno,
"A swindle and a gouge
To charge a man $ 1.09
For riding to Haughpaugh."
"Thank Heaven," cried a man, "I've got
My wife and children off
To spend the summer in a spot
Ten miles beyond Haughpaugh 1"
The traveling fool, oft snubbed in vuln.
Puts in his question now:
"Please tell me when the 10:10 train .
Is going to Haughpaugh'"
Last came a tardy man in view,
And through the crowd did dodge.
Loud yelling, as the whistle blewt
"A ticket to Haughpaugh 1"
Harper' t Bazar,
How Culprit are Dealt With by the
".Ulxrd Court" at Mtanghal-Sceuea
at tbe Floglu: or OUendera.
In that part of the native town of
Shanghai which lies beyond the city
walls, ana is unudr foreign jurisdiction,
there is a curious-shaped range of build
ings called the 'mixed court" Here
, oases afl'ectinfj disputes between Euro
peans and Chinamen are tried, a Man
darin named Chen presiding, while a
representative of the Consulate to whjeh
the European whose case is being de
cided belongs sits as assessor. The
"mixed court" proper consists of a
uingle room, not unlike an " English
Magistrate's court in London; but it is
only one of a series of chambers all
duly arranged for the promotion of vir-
. tue and the discouragement of rice.
Some of these take the form of large
wooden cages, in which prisoners are
confined others, again, are reception
rooms for Mr. Chen. But the most im
portant place of all is the native hall of
justice where Chen Bits in the potential
ity of his glory to try Chinese prisoners.
This hall covered in by a sort of tiled
canopv, the gable ends of which are
turned up in approved Chinese style.
On three sides it is shut in by walls; the
fourth, or front syle, opens into a large
yard facing the doors of the prison
cages. The seat of justice is vermilion
a sort of throne, with a table in front.
On this table rests simply an inkstand
and a bronze imitation of a human
hand, whereon repose i the pens with
which Mr. Chen Mgns his sentences.
Behind the chair are ranged a large
number of vermilion-painted boards or
stands, these boards being covered with
hieroglyphics detailing the virtues of
the Mandarin. That representative of
law occasionally gives more than ordi
dinary satisfaction to people who come
before him. They go away pleased,
and at once extol his goodness on a
vermilion board which they send ' him.
"This board Mr. Chen -at once puts in
the rack behind his chair; it is a testi
monial to his worth, it can be seen by
all who come before him, and it can be
carried out in his procession whenever
he goes through the town in state. Said
an American friend who accompanied
me as he saw these: "These boards
must be very consoling to disappointed
t suitors; they show that if justice is Hot
around just now it has been at some
tin or other, anyhow.", i ' '.J ' j .
Our introduction to Mr. Chen found
its in the presence of a little old man
who could speak nothing but . Chinese,
Chen was polite, but firm on one point.
He could not execute justice, he said, by
jdaylight Try prisoners he couldeven,
in the early morn; somebody said he had
' .once disposed of thret hundred culprits
in a single morning. But the carrying
out of his sentences was a very different
thing, and, if we would see the arm of
justice really at work, we must come a
little later. So wo returned when even
ing had set in ahd f the j candles were
lighted. Then Mr. Chen felt he could
begin. - He almost apologized for. the
f paucity of criminals, when at last he
" prepared to take his seat. But he hinted
that those he was about to 'deal with
might make up for many more, for they
were parlous rogues and dcservnlg of
ir.any stripes which ho proposed to give
them. Then making a signal, he led
the way into his reception hall to the
judgment seat preceded by a gentleman
wit,h a tremendous gong, two gigantic
fellows 'with high ired cone caps, two
men each armed' with split bamboos,
' and two men each' bearing' cangues
large square pieces of boardwith a neck
halo in t he center. Ba ng went the gong.
"Ay!" cried out the lictors. . "Ay!"
shouted the people who were gathered
in he hall; and thus went Mr. Chen to
execute justice. I now saw that on a
form near the prison doors sat a ragged
and miserablo crew, apparently waiting
tor something more or less doleful.
They alone of nil persons in tho yard
shouted not. They had some shouting
to do later on, ana perhaps were reserv
ing their powers. One, in fact, very
shortly received good reason to shout
"Chang Hucn!" said tho Magistrate.
"Chang Huen!" echoed tho lictors; and
forthwith tho wretched owner of the
, name was seized by the pigtail and hur
ried up to the vermilion table. Down
he went on his knees, but all to no pur
nose: "One hundred blows," ejaculated
Mr. Chen, looking at his judicial
notes, and . forthwith tho culprit
was seized by tho two met
with the conical caps, pulled a
little way along the stones in front of
the table to a point where the Mandarin
could get a good view of him, and then
flung on his face, his arms being twisted
over his head by one lictor, while he
was divested of a portion of his clothing.
Chan Huen evidently understood what
was to follow, and he howled piteously.
But howling did not save him, for so
soon as the two lictors had got him into
proper position and had knelt on him,
one of the men with bamboos came up,
and, squatting down on the ground,
began to strike him on the inner part of
the naked thighs, counting the blows as
they fell. At first sight, despite Chang
linen's noise, I thought the punishment
was very light, but 1 saw soon afterward
that tho skin was already black, and thi
first twenty-five strokes had left a band
of color quite six inches broad. Execu
tioner No. 2 now came up and laid on
another twenty-five, then his comrade
had another turn, and lastly he finished
his fifty. It will perhaps be thought
that tho injury thus inllicted would be
severe. But the skin was not broken,
and I should say that the bruises would
heal in a week or ten days at most.
Garroters in England, Hogd as they
are on the bony back iid shoulder
blades, are apj arentljr hurt much more,
though I ' was toki that the beating
without breaking the skin was much
more" painful than it looked. Chang
Huen, however, had very few to pity
him; he was evidently either a very bad
or a very impecunious man, for no
sooner was the beating over than he was
roughly seized once more by the pigtail
and hauled along over the yard to the
prison with great rapidity, he screech
ing loudly all the while.
Far more fortunate was a culprit who
followed him, and who as he was
thrown down by the lictors, put out
two fingers in such away that the execu
tioners could see them plainly. "What
does that meanP" I asked of the Magis
trate's interpreter. "He mean he give
two dollars, if not spoileo too much
with bamboo," was the mysterious re
ply. "But surely," said I, "he can
not bribe in so open a way, under tho
very nose of the Mandarin P" "Yes,"
said the interpreter, "everybody know.
More better man givee two dollars."
He was certainly speaking the truth;
this gentleman, culprit No. 2, got oil
lightly. His bruises wero small, his
pigtail was not pulled, he made plenty
of noise, had gone at any rate through
the semblance of a severe puntshment,
and had lost two dollars which to him
was no doubt a painful event Possi
bly tho Mandarin looked upon the mon
etary transaction in the light of a fine
by which his underlings benefited. So
the punishments went Qn. When men
had to receive fifty stripes only one ex
ecutioner wielded the bamboo; when
one hundred had to be inflicted they
were laid on in the way I have already
described. Those who put out their fin
gers got off lightly, those who did no
experienced the majesty of the law in
a very thorough fashion. Then, the
beatings being over, several men were
brought up and cangued, the square
hoards, being opened, their heads thrust
through, the boards nailed up, pieces of
paper detailing the sentence pasted on
the top, and the wearers of this very
inelegant species of necktie bundled
into the prison. As each sentence was
issued, all the understrappers of the
Court and the spectators called out
"Ap!" in commendation, no doubt, of
the Mandarin's sagacity, the crowd,
consisting of men and women, looking
on with evident satisfaction at both
the bambooing and canguing. With a
brief hearing of a quarrel between a
man and a woman, in which the man
was , adjudged the aggressor and sen
tenced to be locked up, Mr. Chen now
vacated the .seat of justice, and the
crowd dispersed; the executioners went
to look after the dollars that had been
promised them, and which, by the
way, I heard, are always paid prompt
ly and we departed, much edified by
the spectacle of the way in which jus
tice, in China . disports herself. Cor.
London Telegraph. .-.
" Fostal Rates Mncty cars Ago.
Now ' that the two-cent postage law
has gone into effect, the following pro
visions of the first law of Congress on
the subject will bo read with interest:
February 20, 1792, was the date of tho
first act fixing rates of postage on do
mestic , letters, and established tho fol
lowing , rates, to take effect June 1,'
1792: i ,
Act February 20, 1792, Section 9, by
land: " For every single sixty miles, eight
' For every single letter over thirty
miles and not exceeding sixty miles,
For every single letter over sixty miles
and not exceeding 100 miles, 10 cents.
For every single letter over 100 miles
and not exceeding 150 miles, 12 J cents.
For every single letter over 150 miles
and not exceeding 200 miles, 15 cents.
For every single letter over 200 miles
and not exceeding 250 miles, 17 cents.
For every single letter over 250 miles
and not exceeding 350 miles, 20 cents.
For every single letter over 350 miles
nnd not exceeding 450 miles, 22 cents.
For every single letter over 450 miles,
25 cents. ,
For every double letter, double the
For every triple letter, triple the said
For every packet weighing one ounco
avoirdupois, to pay at tho rate of four
single letters for each ounce, and in that
proportion for any greater weight
, Twcnt3'-seven acres devoted to a
crop of cabbages near Rochester, N. Y..
yielded the farmer $5,400. '
TRTBUNE, DECEMBER 15, 1S83.
But tho truth is that Greenland,
though scarcely an eligible place of resi
dence, has long been known to be not
merely a great field for hunting and
fishing, but also a locality by no means
unsuited to the miner, were it not for
its inhospitable climate and the extreme
difficulty of approaching the east coast,
or at least the most southerly part of it.
Jutting, as the country does, far out In
to the Atlantio (Cape Farewell is in the
same latitude as the center of the Shet
land group), and curving, as it does at
the same time toward tho east, it catch
es the ice-drift from the polar seas, and
retains it all along it southeastern
coast. It therefore presents the specta
cle,singular in the Northern hemisphere,
of ice-bound shores to the south and free
water northward.- In addition to these
drawbacks it may be- doubted whether
even tho pressure of population in civil
ized countries will soon induce many
Europeans to colonize Greenland. And
without European colonization the de
velopment of snch mineral wealth as it
may possess is impossible. Either the
climate of these regions, as Is certainly
the case with Iceland, has positively
grown worse during historio memory,
or the human frame has become less en
during, or which is more probable
the habits of advancing civilization have
made the human will less tolerant ex
cept for purposes of sport or scientific
investigation, of tho. sordid discom
forts of an Arctio winter. We say
Arctic for convenience sake, though
in fact Greenland stretches tor
hundreds of miles south of the Aretio
circle. We should be the last to deny
the value of Arctic exploration, both
as what may bo called national gym
nastics and as enlarging the sphere of
knowledge; but it may be doubted
whether any practical result of market
able value is likely to come of it now.
Baron Nordenskjold's own most famous
achievement that voyage of the Vega
which has really opened up a prospect
of trade on the north Asiatic coast
may seem to be an exception to this.
But the value of tin's discovery depends
on the existence of three great river
highways from the Siberian Sea, and if
the often talked-of trans-Siberian Kail
way, which would tap and connect
these highwavs at their head instead of
at their foot, be ever carried out, it may
bo questioned whether there would then
be any temptation to ships to follow in
tho tracks of tho Vega. The Macken
zie in America and the Fetchora in
Europe by no means supply the place
of the three Siberian rivers, and such a
windfall as the fossil ivory of New Si
beria, though it might recur, can not
be counted upon. Greenland, indeed,
'ins tho advantage over these distant
and still more inhospitable coasts that
whn its shores are onco cleared the
distanco to the great markets of the
Atlantic seaboard is trilling and the way
perfectly rpen. It has some trade as it
is, and it may probably have more,
though both geographical and political
considerations are rather against any
great development. London Daily
m m .
His Lost Wife.
A few days ago the wife of a German
living in the eas ern part of the ci y was
s ddenly called to the country by a mes
sage from a sick sister, and she left
lioine expecting to return at night.
Ueiug delay d, nnd hav ng left no word
fur her husband, he na ural!y became
anxious and went to the po ice. -' i
" I!ov old was your wife?" asked tho
Captain of the station.
' V In 11, she vhas as oldt as me."
"How old are you?"
I doan1 tink much about it for two
years, ut de last time I count oop I
vh:is for y."
" How all is, she?" . , ,f , ;
" Vhell, fche puts her chin on top dei
fence . and looks; oop and down the
She s about five feet, ehP" .
.: "I oxpect shevhas from five to seven
feet. Dot makes no decfercncc. , If she
vhas kililt shy vhas deadt all oafer." : ,
" What is her weight P' i v;- ' ;
"Vh 11. I can't 'hold "her on my lap
no mo e. I pelief if s!u falls down oop
shtairs it preaks all der blaster off dei
house." . ...
- "I'll put her down at two hundred.
Describe her looks." '" 1 ""'
, "Vhell, sometimes she looks like she
comes from der boor-house, and some
times she looks like a lady mit a rich,
husband." .., . , : . i' i; i
"Dark hairP" " !' .' ' ' '
"Let's see! By shirominyU pcliel
so, but yes no vhell, I gif it oop. II
she vhas deadt dot hair make no ileefciy
ence." I , . ,
"What colored ey s?" .-' . -
"Vhell, dot troubles me some more.
Let's see. , Vhas a cat's eyes' plue?"
"Hardly. They are lack, with f
yellow pupil.'? f -- .
"I doan' know oof my vhifo hadt
some pupils in her eyes, but I hoar de:
shildren say she looked like a cat." '
," Any peculiar marksl' .,.!..
' "She lose one toe vhen she vhas I
child." - ;,
"No no. Any marks on her faco
fingers missing, or any scarsP" '
"Let's see. Last spring' si o has
boil on her neck, but dont vhas ali
cured oop. She shtrike a clothc9-lint
mit der ax and plack her eye, but do
vhas all gone. . I doan' pelief she an)
marks has. You shust .tell der bolico
mens to look oud fur a fat vhomans mit
green dress; oof he sees some one dot is
my vife,' .If he doan'.co her it vhill b
some odder vhomans.1 '-rDUroit Fret
l'ress ' " ' '
Sunflower Feed is now extrnsivelt
employed in Kuss'a, Italy and pomt
other European countries for producing
oil. The coke, after tho oil i&a been
expressed, is fed to animal.
1883.1 FALL and
.A. T T IE3" "EJ
JPALETOTS, &c., &c.
Plain and Brocaded Silk Plushes,
Velvets, Velveteens, Silks and Satins, Black
and Colored Cashmeres, Serges, Flan
nels Suitings, a splendid line of
Ladies' and Children's Hos
iery and Knit Goods.
LADIES', GENTS' k CHILE RENS' UNDERWEAR
CANNOT HE EVCELLED.
Mather'sPatent Lace Kid Gloves
In Black and Colors, sold only us. Headquarters for
Laces, Embroideries, Ladies' and
Brown and Bleached Sheetings,
Shirtings, Flannels, Cloths,,
And Everything in the Dry Goods Line.
Wo keep in full Stock, bought in New York at Bottom Prices, and
will be sold Yerv lowt : To reduce our stock of
! 1 We shall at h Largo discount.
Staple Groceries, Flour, Pork, Beef,
. Laxdj -&C;, &c,
Always on Hand. It will pay you to .'rail on' us before Purchasing
., ,n , Elsewhere, ; We.will not bo undersold. ' , ' ' ,
i : ' i ' '"''I I -d J';H ; - 1 I'" ' l'M h 1 ( i !!.
,. . a 'ut 'i M i"t ;
Fresh Soods: .'Received Daily,
1 ''' 1 1 : , . ;r. . , , ! ,
IfKeep'a complete stock o everything
found in a iirst-class ! Grocery and Provision
Store; Fresh Vegetables on hand at all
times. The finest Teas,7 Coffees, Sugars,
Canned Goods of evfcry kind. My arrange
ments for constant supply of Fresh ButtOr
are complete. ; ; "
Oliolco Stoclr of Croci:er37" ctrid.
Everything Warranted the Best
f Mi ' ' I
WINTER. 11884. '
' Malii Street, Molonv's Old Stand.
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