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Employing Help on Farms.
1 Forci.mers who visit thia country are Invariably surprised at the very' small number of, persons they find employed on farms and about i arm-houses, and their surprise is no less at the lare number of horses nd the great amount cf machinery. The present condition of affairs, as regards few men and many horses and machine, is chiefly the outgrowth of dreumstances. at tending the lato civil war. A muTon men were called frcm peaceful mir u;ts to join the ranks of the army ( There were as mmy persons to feed and clothe as before, and a much Bmaller number to produce the articles required to do it. The waste of war is always terr ble. It is a part of the business of a h( p.t lo army to destroy as much of the clothi- g, provision and m forage of the enemy as possible. The greater was the emand for all kinds of iarm products (he longer the war con tinued. The demand for labor-saving machines and im lements that would do the work of u en on farms stimu lated inventors Machines were brought out that could perform almost every kind of arm operation. Wheat and other small grains were produced almost wi'hout manual labor. Farm ers soon became t red. of doing hand work. TLey U-gan to . prefer those crops that could be produced almost entirely by the aid of machinery. Al though fewer men wero .employed on a given area of 'arming country the amount of f od produced was much greater. As t v wages of farm labor ers advanced, fa mus s studied how they could dispcns with a many as possi ble. (It was b. i cved by many that economy in fa-in i anagement consist ed in the displacement of laborers and the substitution of horses and ma chinery. Every hvrtre farmer was ex- perimenting in swing how far he could go in dispensing with human labor. It is altog, t: e. likely that farmers in many pa ts of t e country have gone too far in substit'iting horses and ma chines for men. Of course it is expen sive to employ i.i rer3. Their wages amount to a lar e sum, and they must bepaid in cas 'or its equivalent. The board of la'xr rs constitutes another large bill of e pone. But it must be remembered tlii.t Nor. es are expensive. It co ti a latg .sum to raise or buy them. The scaler, food, care, shoes and harness tl.ry lvquire amounts to a large sum nnn :i'.ly. All farmers are beginning to r rnl out that machines are very ex ens vo. Their first cost is large, there s almost a constant de mand for repairs, and with the little icare bestowed u them they are soon idestroyed. Farm-j.s who raise grain jknow how largo a proportion of it is required to pay for machinery and .horses. The sma 1 grains now receive more attention tli n other crops because they can i e pr fi ced with little manual labor. The re ti tanco of large farmers ' to employ la rvrs has eaused the gen eral negfeet tn t of the minor held crops which , vv of greiit value to farmers 1 e!"r i ,moral introduction of machine! . Comparatively few Western fam r ngage in the produc tion of to ua en .Mid hops because they require so mi ch -work. They prefer crops that cat . r.ibed by the use of horses and in h n s. The production of rot irop -in ill fruits and garden regetables i 'cpe'ed for the same Reason. They c ui not be raided by the employment o' in chines. Hand-work is require I lor t cir production. Most of them c an b" rued on many farms in large tjii ni l wit hout interfering with the pro J rt on of largo crops of grain. Ti)ey iv u ire but little .land, but they call for tl i;.bor of many hands. Their produ i - would add greatly, to the income of f a, and would benefit community ! f mi shing employment to many pers . Farm rs li been studying how to dispen-e v i borers as far as pos sible. ,TI ev h succeeded in produc ing several ' i 'most entirely by the aid of mac ".1 animals. -It is row time that "e attention to the matter of i ' more laborers on and about The crops that have been neg ug should now re ceive at e . As land increases In value it b saryto so man age it th Id a larger revenue to the ow ' a tt ing that there as econoi idoing in jand sn- (some h jconnect the ma (very r Ihorse h bean 'erally ; iceived Many (the en jreqni (be tpi jindiv the ? iburd wom tain ! !hano com farn nun: of g for i regf pan in p croj shoi incr ploj Tim v ng machines for i k of raising corn t cs not follow that rt economic t in . rk performed by hand hoe cat be i.yed with the g a crop of turn, t emiums are g?n ps that have re Itivationby hand, bo produced by ind labor. They tion in order to . lie wants of each e attended to at .orse or beast of -nco of men and can perform ccr ell as the human ips M ill only be . the West when employ larger The production f all kinds calls like Is true in n of nearly all laving succeeded i' al commercial Winery, farmers iliO propriety of lies by the cm ' i orers. Chicago f the New York t rch tree will in f rom seed larg Trit two noi 1HE IS! ORT HERN - flow It Pays. It pays to feed well. Let me give you a case. Having a good lot of cows, which I have bred and reared myself and trained them well to bo kind and gentle in every way, I do not like to part with them. But having A few more than I could well take care of this year I rented out five of them to a neighbor. One of these cows is a cross-bred pure Ayrshire and Jersey, and with her first calf gave eight pounds of butter in the first week's churning; with her second calf she gave 12J pounds the. first week after the milk was kpt, (the oalf was fed on skimmed milk only). . This cow Is now six years old, and in her prime. The man complained of her and said she was a poor cow. "What feed do you give her?" "No feed at all but the pasture in the swamp meadow; and she milks only four quarts a day," I brought the cow home, and she was a mere skeleton in a ba of loose skin. The first milking was three pints. I began to feed hej as I knew she deserved. I gave hei two quarts of fine ground corn-meal and middlings mixed with cut sweet corn fodder three times a day, with wha' grass the pasture would afford. The fourth "day she milked nine quarts, the seventh day 11 J quarts; the first four days her milk made throe pounds of t utter; the last three days it lias made four pounds seven ounces. This is not her full yield, as she is putting on flesh, and will do so until she weighs 150 or 200 pounds more than she did when she came home. If we figure this up the profit on this feed can be shown very easily. Four quarts a day at five cents the price at which her milk has been sold all sum meris 20 cents. That is the value of swamp meadow feeding. Eleven and a half quaits a day is equal to 57 J cents; the feed costs lo cents, so that this 15 cents gives 22. cents profit. And to me the satisfaction of the thing is worth a good deal more than a dollar a day would be, for I certainly have a food deal of regard for my cows, which have reared Irom the first, and each of which is a pet and regards me with evident kindliness and affection. , At the rate shown by these figures ten cows would return $2.25 daily profit for the expenditure of $1.50, which is In itself as much as many a mechanic in a city is obliged to support his whole family upon. And yet there 'are farmers and dairymen who are growl ing everyday of their lives that farming does not pay. I wish some of them would change places with some of the people in towns and cities whom they profess to envy so much. What a mis take they would make. N. 1'. Time. What Is Anatto f Cheese has for a long time been col ored with anatto, and of late yea it has come in use, not only in creameries, but in home dairies, to give color to butter. The increasing uso of the sub stance, especially in winter, naturally leads many to ask: What is anatto, and is it harmless?" The name, which came with the substance from south America, has a great variety of spell ings besides that given above, which is the simplest and the ono we first learned; it is g'ven'in different books as annatto, annata, annotta, arnotto, arnota, and so on. The substance is the product of a small South American tree, Bixa orellana, belonging to a 6in:ill family to which it gives its name (Bixinese), of which we have no repre sentatives. S-steraatically, the family is placed near that of the violets. The tree rarely exceeds twelve feet in height, has a handsome head, and each branch is terminated by a cluster of flowers of the color of peach-blossoms. The pods are at first of a fine rose color, becoming brown as they ripen; they are covered with bristles, and con tain numerous seeds, tho important pro duct. Each seed is surro inded by a dark red . pulp, to remove which they are placed in water and- allowed to ferment, with frequent stirring. When the seed are free from pulp, they are strained 'out, and the pulp allowed to settle. It is after wards placed in kettles, evaporated to a thick paste, which is the anatto of commerce. It is made into rolls, weigh ing two to four pounds, which are cov ered with canna leaves and packed in wicker baskets, or more generally of late, in boxes. Anatto, when fresh, has much tho consistency of putty, a dark, brownish-red color, and with a some what disagreeable odor. It has long been used in dyeing, though on silks the color is not yery fast To color com mon cotton stuffs of a dull orange, it is often used in domestic dyeing, with potash as a mordant. o far as wo are aware, tho various butter colorings in the market are chiefly, if not entire ly, solutions of anatto, made by tho aid of some form of potash or soda. It seems better suited than anything elso to give pale winter butter tho color of that made when tho cows havo good pasturage. It is entirely harmless, we think. It has long" been added to chocolate in South America, for both color and flavor, and is used by Indian tribes in that country to paint their bodies. One writer says that it Is about the only clothing the natives havo to )rotect them from mosquitoes and other nsccts. American Agriculturist. Carrots and cream: Trim a quan tity of tho smallest new carrots that can be obtained, and boil them in salted water. When done, drain off tho water. Melt .an ounce of butter In a sauce-pan; add to it a dessertspoonful of Hour, pepper, salt, grated nutmeg, pinch of powdered sugar, and a small quantity of eream. Put in tho carrots, simnirr '-ently a few nxnutcs and scrra. AT. Y.l .;.:.. TRIBUNE. DECEMBER -20. 1SR3. gTATK of MIchtgran-County of Cheboygan, Notice Is hereby irtven that bv an onlor of the Probute Court for tho said county of Che boyvan, made on tho 13th day of November, A. 13. 1883. Biz months were allowed for credi tors to present their claims atralnstthe estate of Charles liraniioclc. late of said county, de ceased, and that all creditors of said deceased are required to present their claims to said rrooate uourt, at tue Probate Olllce in the vil lage of Cheboygan, iu said county of Ciiebov Kan, on or before the lith day of January, A. l. 1884. and that such claims will be heard be foie said Court on the 14th day of January. A. D, 1884. and on the 13th day of May, A D. 1881, at ten o'clock In the roronoon of each of those uays. KD WIN Z. PERKINS. 17nov5t Judge of Probate. For Sale. One house and two lots, finely situated, at a Dargaiu ii sola soon, inquire or j J. E. Nichols. WMOISUNACquAITf O WITH THI aiOORAPHV OF1MH COUN- ' TMV W.t til BY IXAMIHINO TMIH MA THAT THI . ' ; CHICAGO, ROCK ISLAND & PACIFIC R'Y y th central position of 1U lino, connect! th ast and tha Weit by the shortest routs, aud car ries passengers, without chango of oars, bouvoen Chicago and Kanmn City, Council Blu ffa. Leaven Worth, Atcbidon, Minneapolis and Bt. Paul. It connects In Union Depots with all tho prinoipnl liucsof rod between tho Atluntio and tho faoillo Ooeans. Its equipment is unrivaled and tnngnin cent, being eompoHed of Monr Coiaioi tcble and Beautiful Day Coaches, Magnificent Horlon De clining Chair Cars, Pullman's Prettiest Pal.-.oe Sleeping Cars, and tho Kent Lino of Dining Cars in the World. Three Trains between Chicago and Missouri River Points. Two Trains between Chi cago aud Minneapolis and St. Paul, via thoPainom "ALBERT LEA ROUTE." A New and Direct Line, via Soneoa and Kanka kee, has recently been opened between Riohmoud, Norfolk-Ntwport Kewn, Chattanooga, Atlanta, Au- fusta.Kauhville. Louisville, Lexington, Cincinnati, ndiunupoliu and LutuycUd, and O in una, Minneap olis aud St. Paul aud intermediate points. All Through Passenger Travel ou l ast Express Tiains. Tickets for snle at all principal Ticket Offioes in tho Uuufcd 8Ut6 and Canada. Bascaere checked through and rates of fare al ways ad luw an compiitwr that olfor less advan tages. i'or detailed information, got the Mapsand Fold irs rf tho CfttA.' P.CCK ISLAND ROUTE .'. t yvtir ncitres". TieLet OQioe, or address 'Am R. CABLE, E.ST. JOHN, yroi.ttiua'lU'ff'r, . Ueu'l Tkt. fun. Azt- cmcACo. SCHOOL' BOOKS r AND- -A T- SMYTH& GO'S JEWELlis & fTJUJOm. Main St.. Cheboygan. Mich. The Wonderful Efficacy of . SCHENCK'S Una been BO frequently aud satisfactorily provoa th it It seems almost superfluous to say anythlnip more In their favor. Tho immnnse and constantly lucreoslng' demand for them, both In this and foreign countries, Is the best evidence of their value, Tholr ssle to-day in the Unltod States Is far greater than a:.y other c itliartio mcdicino. Thla demand Is Zr spasmodic. It is reuUr and steady. It la not cf to-day or yesterday, It is An increase that has been stu.iiay gro vriag' for tho lout thlrty-fl ve years. What arc the reasons for this great and growing demand f Vt. Srbrnck's Ulandrnhc Plllscontain no mer cary, and yet they act witli wonderful e(luct npoa t.o liver. They cleanso the stomach and bowols of a'l Irritating matter, which, if allowed to remain. poinonstlie blood, and briny on Malaria, Chills an l Fever, and many other tfiscaHts. They frtve hcaltU tJDd strength to tho dlgDtlvo crrtns. They creato eppotit and give vhror t tho hole system. They are In fact the medicine cf r.J cithers v. hich should be ttken in times Klzefha rc cr. wl'en malnrlaland cihorepidomltssmraf- a.', a t tjoy t rvrwre the sys. too to roe! tt attacks of c.oa.;o cf every character. Pr. Prbenck'n Mnndrnbo P:" nrpoMbyH ' tViUp.v ts tt ii.c. por U x, or reut ; mad, voBtyaid, en My.t of jtJoo. T:. He'iirk'3 Hfwlt tn 0Mimrt?on, TJr i 'J.-fi-plairt nrd Ivsr"iin. in K;.Klirh op .-nan. in rent frrn to ail. A. !rv.-j 11. ,, H. Ejjj3 Cp DEALER IN- IB FIB CS -A.ridL PKOVISIOITS. TEAS, TEAS, TEAS, COFFEES, COFFEES, COFFEES, Goods Fresh. All Orders Promptly Filled and Free Deliv ery to any Part of the City. LOOZ OUT FOR Uncle Sam's Furniture House ! New Goods, of all kinds, and I beat the State on prices. I have just received a new lot of . Moulding1 and Picture Frames. Framba made to order. looking Glasses in endless vanAy. 'ornices and Chromos. I will Sell Get mv Prices. A full line of- Undertaking Goods, Burial Cases, Caskets, Robes, Shrcuds &c., Funerals attended promptly, with Hearse and Cairii jm-. J. XX. TT7TTLE- Uorner Main and Third Streets, Cheboygan, Mich. ivery Sale ant AT THE SAMMoNS'STAlil.E, OJN THIRD ST ALBERT HAYDEN, Proprietor. Draying of all Kinds Attended To. Particular Attention given to furnishing suitable conveyances for HUNTING AND FISHING PARTIES. . 3-iv-e Him a Oa.ll. NBWS DEPOT aad W& STQR: EVERYTHING Newspap Magazines, Libraries, t&o. MUSIC. MUSIC. MUSIC. Pianos, Organs, Violins, Guitars, &c. A Full Line of the Latest Sheet Music and Musical " Merchandise ALWAYS KEPT IN STOCK. Instrumets Repaired onShort Notic e. Anything in my lines not in stock will he sullied al tho lowest possible juices. W. T. VANDERBILT, Le Gault Block. Third Street. Chebovgan. ' JN ALL KINDS OF -WORK DONE AT THE STAE BLACKSMITH SHOP, CASH PRICES BELOW Jmiuccnients to Customers. I Shoeing. Horso Shoeing season is nov here. Parties will remem er that tho Star DIacksmith Shop is tho place to get your work dono in iirst-elass style. U SUGARS SUGARS, SUGARS, CANNED GOODS. CANNED GOODS. CVNNED GOODS. Prices Reasonable. IN THE LINE OF Jray Line are, Illustrated Papers, ALL COMPETITION. also malcc a Reduction for Korso W. McEAOHRAN.