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GREAT FIRE IN SAN FRANCISCO.
The New York Tribune contains three col umns of lossea by the recent fire. Among oth ers in this Hit, we notice the loss of the library and papers of Frank M.Pixley, the city Attor ney, late of Detroit. The Tribune's list embra ces about six hundred and fifty persons and firms and the wrurczule loss is set down by nil the papers at $12,000,000. Supposing the list of losses to embrace all the sunerers by the tire " it presents the' almost incrediblo fact, of an average loss of $18,451 by each person and firm. In this country we have no data, by which such a result can be brought within the range of pos sibilities, in a city the size of San Francisco. Hut it must be recollected that property is esti mated by different rates from those which gov ern valuations here. The exports from San Francisco the present spring, have been greater than those of New York. The latter city re reives nearly one-half of the current revenues from customs, while its exports do not reach one sixth. Yet tho amount of exports at San Fran cisco are prodigious, and such a result could not fail to have an effect upon real estato valuea tions. The papers are full of accounts of the fire, and among other items it is stated that Messrs. Hew ett & Harrison, for tho want of water, used 80,000 gallons of vinegar in preserving their warehouse. In blowing up the Sacramento Hotel, Broad way, tho first explosion was ineffectual, and it was thought that only one of the casks planted had ignited, and yet, in this uncertainty, a dar ing spirit was found, who walked into the build ing already in flames, with two more casks of powder, fired the fuse and retreated coolly. In loss than a minute afte r, tho huge building crum bled into fragments upon its own foundation. Tho mass of shipping that crowd our harbor was in imminent danger of taking fire on Satur day night. Had ono vessel caught the flames, ho close together are they all anchored, and so hopeless the idea of moving, that tho entire fleet would have, in all probability, been consumed. As it was, the captains and crews had to be con slantly on the alert to preserve their vessels. The ship Susan Drew, Capt. Holbrook, took fire three times from the burning brands that were driven upon her by the wind, but by prompt ap plication of water, she was cadi time saved. Several others were also on fire at various times, but none, we are happy to say, were burned. The Editor of the Alia Calif or nian gives the following vivid picturo of the conflagration : Iron and zinc curled up like scorched leaves, and sent forth their brilliant flames of green, blue and yellow tints ; mingling with and mod ifying the great red tongues of the fires which flashed upward from a thousand burning hou ses. The hill sides were lighted as if the sun were above tho eastern mountains, and their trees, shrubs, herbage and houses were as dis tinguishable in the "bright light as if it were noon. Darkness hung over a large portion of the shipping, where the broad and heavy ocean f smoke lay down in impenetrable gloom over tho bay. People became paralyzed. Many re moved their stocks of goods, or portion of them, lour or five times, and had them overtaken and destroyed at last. The streets were crammed with masses cf human beings and rushing teams only giving way before the advance of the ele ments, as the smoke and heat and crashing walls pushed them back. Men became mad; some rushed headlong into tho flames. Weeping wo men and prattling infancy were wandering alnid ashes and destruction. Every few moments the earth and air trembled, as great buildings were torn into fragments by tho explosions of gun powder, and the atmosphere was filled with shat tered timbers, brick'and mortar. Tho multitude hung upon the borders of this " vast sea of fire;" few comparatively knew, or could know, what were tho dangers and exertions of those who were within the range of the stiflling smoke and scorching flames. In less than nine hours from the beginning, more than twenty squares exist ed only in memory and in the ascending col umns of smoke and flame which covered the city's bite. But the saddest sight of all was the destruc tion of brave, but bewildered men, who sudden ly surrounded with fire, rushed, staggered and uncertain, in hopeless efforts to escape, until strangled and scorched, they writhed and fell in full view of hundreds, who were completely powerless to save them. Others, after battling inside of what they had considered fire proofs, finding their efforts, to save the buildings, vain, endeavored to escape, but too late. The doors and window blinds were red hot, and could not bn opened in some instances, as their last chance of safety failed them. Wo cannot express our sensation of yester day, while looking upon the blackened remains of poor humanity, as they still lay, burned to coals, amid the lire which filled the cellar of a building on Montgomery st., still beyond the reach of all who gazed upon them. May we nev er again see so horrible a spectacle. San Francisco Rebuilding. The whole city is alive with workmen, engaged in rebuild ing upon tho burnt district. The Alta Califor nia gives the following astonishing instances : "From Monday, 6th instant, when tho fire ecascd, up to the present time, May, 14th, an interval of ten days, three hundred and fifty seven buildings have been commenced, of which tho major part are finished and occupied. This is exclusive of the many that are going up in other patH of the city not touched by tho fire. Including them, the total number of houses just completed, or in course of erection throughout the city, will not fall short of 450. Of course, from tho rapidity with which they havo been put up, most of them are frame, but still in ev ery instance in which a brick building was burnt either the walls still standing will be used in rebuilding, or where they are unfit, a new brick fire-proof building will bo erected in the place of tho ono destroyed." Earthquake in San Francisco. On the morning of tho 15th of May, a severe shock of an earthquako was felt in San Francisco, which lasted nearly a minute. Tho buildings nnd wharves of the city shook tremendously, and in a few seconds the streets were filled with peo ple, seeking safety in tho open air. Wo do not learn that any damage was done to persons or property. The Mexican papers announce that six very rich mines have been discovered at Cucrnavaca. They yield from GO to 05 per cent of pure met al. The leat product is 25 per cent. ' THE GHAND BI VEll '-TIMES. GRAND HAVEir, IHCII. WEDNESDAY. EVENING, JULY 'J, 1851. TO Ol'lt FAT110NS AXD FJ1IKAWS. We present you with the first number of the Grand River Times, and accompanying it will be expected what we acknowledge to bo your due, viz: a 6ctting forth of the reasens which operated upon our minds as an inducement to engage in this enterprise the principles which shall guide us in conducting our paper, etc. Tho question "will it pay," has been so fre quently asked by those with whom we have conversed upon our new undertaking indeed, a majority of tho citizens of Ottawa will find this to be an inquiry that first arises in the mind upon learning that a paper is established in Grand Haven that we will give our opinion of the probable chances of success, pecuniarily. We have not come out in this new character through speculative motives, neither do we an ticipate a support so meager as to be obliged in a few months to close office and seek a liveli hood in an occupation whose reward is more sure. In short, we hope not to grow poorer by this operation, and so long '.is the encourage ment we receive shall bo adequate to an eco nomical livelihood, so long shall we continue to issue tho " Times." From a duo consideration of the subject, we havo been brought to tho belief, that a paper established within our own limits, with liber al political views, and judiciously managed in all its departments would, in a great measure contribute to the interest and permanent wel fare of our County. We commence our career under a strong impression that we can furnish the citizens of Ottawa County with such a pub lication, and that all will be proud to hail our advent in this new character with due encour agement for success. We have always been subscribers to the Dem ocratic faith, and the principles our paper will advocate, politically, must, of course be akin to our own. Nominations for ollice, fairly and le gitimately made by the Democratic party, shall always receive our sanction and support. Our literary miscellany shall bo selected with care, and nothing except what has in its tendency, an elcvating,healthy influence shall be presented to our readers. In our intercourse with the world, tho establishment of a character nnd reputa tion which should abide the test and scrutiny of the virtuous and good, has been our first and chief study ; and holding the opinion that the paper we conduct is to be a part and parcel of our own character, an exponent of what we in trinsically are ; it shall bo our aim to guard its reputation with that jealous care which has al ways been exercised over our individual conduct. After the present number, wo intend giving, weekly, the condition of the markets in this vil lage for the various products of the Grand Riv er valley, which naturally seek Grand Haven as a depot, and thus make the "Times" a correct and convenient reference for business men throughout tho Grand River valley. In con nection with this will be given a marine list, in which will be found the arrivals and departures of vessels, steamboats and propellors. IIfnry Pennoyer Esqr., will take charge of our editorial columns on his return from De troit, where ho is absent for a few weeks, as a Juror in the U. S. District Court, now in session. Mr. Pennoyer is well known throughout tho county as an active Democrat, and from the many important stations of public trust which have been for several years past successively committed to his keeping ; will be considered as eminently qualified for this station. And now friends of Ottawa County, we make to you our appeal. By the recent census, tho population of our county is returned as G,490, and out of that number wo confidently set down 500 as tho smallest number who shall leave their names on our subscription book and their dollar, each, in our pockets, as a fair ex change for as many copies of the Grand River Times. We do not ask you, in pity, to come forward and be our subscribers, and go away with the thought that you have done only a deed of charity for which a reward in the world is among tho doubftul. We ask you to patron ize our paper with no other feeling than that you have discharged a duty in support of a laudable enterprise for which you receive an ad equate equivalent. For tho kind encourage ment which we have already received from some of our most respectable .and influential citizens of both political parties, we do and ever shall feel grateful. Publishers. 5f When thirty-six.hours shall pass away, the seventy-fifth anniversary of our National Independence will bo upon us. Are the patri otic boys of Grand Haven, with " Eddy" at their head, well prepared to celebrate " The Fourth " We remember your brilliant bonfiro and pyrotechnic works of the last anniversary, and from the heap of combustibles now on tho green we guess the approaching celebration will in no wise be inferior to its predecessors. Get out your fire works boys, when twilight is gone and burst them all to pieces! i7 The issue of our next number will be postponed two weeks. We suspend publi cation next week to get in our subscription list and advertisements. In the mean time we hope all who wish to become subscribers will for ward their names; and those wishing to adver tise will please send or hand us their advertise ments as early as convenient After this omis sion, our payments will be made when due. ' 6rand Haves'' Its position, resources, trade, commerce, manufactures and relative impor tance as the principal outlet of the products of of Michigan, north of the Central Railroad. Messrs. Barns &. Angel, Your praisewor thy enterprise manifested in tho appearance of the " IHmes" as the exponent of the affairs and progress of tho Grand River valley, is hailed with tho best wishes for your success, by all who feel an interest in tho prosperity of this ultima thule of tho Peninsular State. It is the peculiar province of tho newspaper press, to send abroad, a knowledge of the place from which it cmenates, and from the facts and sta tistics it publishes, a correct idea is gained by strangers of its importance, as a constituent part of tho body politic. This is done in va rious ways by means of tho journals .of the present day but not so fully as is desirable by those who expect that such journals will bo as it were a map of the country or village it rep resents. In most of the country papers, all the information given of the place, is to be gleaned from tho advertisements and the "Business Di rectory," without which it might as well bo is sued from the moon, as from any sublunary spot, so far as uny idea can be formed of the lo cality it hails from. Thus premising what I have to say of Grand Haven, I hasten to intro duce our village and its environs to your read ers far and near, to many f whom such an out of tho way place perchance, " was never dream ed of in their philosophy." Grand Haven tho county seat of Ottawa County Mich., 213 miles West by North from Detroit, is situated on the South bank of Grand River, half a mile from its entrance into Lake Michigan between which and tho Lake are sand hills 200 feet in height. Its harbor, (the best on this side of the Lak() could be made by the construction of piers superior to any on the upper Lakes, and with such an improvement by the general government, would open to the in terior of the State by rail and plank roads to tho Rapids, a channel for tho outlet of a vast amount of produce, the staples of a soil abound ing in agricultural and mineral wealth, and the inlet of the products of the world abroad. At the present writing there is from ten to thir ty feet depth of water in the channel, which is indicated by lights and guides established at the mouth of the river. For the benefit of tran sient vessels drawing more than eight feet, it may be well to state hero that tho inner and outer bars extend from tho north ph1 south past the line of the ranges, preventing a stiiaght passago out but the buoy north of tho outside bar is placed a little north of the range lights, in thirteen feet water ; by keeping in range over the outside bar there is 8 - feet, and inside of it thnrc is not less than ten feet in rang?. Grand Haven contain n 'Court -II&wuo which is used also as a church, a Jail, a School House with spacious rooms above and below, with a cupola and bell, 'a beautiful edifice which cost nearly two thousand dollars, and accommodates over one hundred scholars pursuing the vari ous branches of education, under accomplished teachers, open to all classes of youth, including the penniless as well as the rich. There are three large public houses, well sustained, one of which, the Washington, is three stories high with a Hall in the attic, occupied by the Odd Fellows. There are five stores, three forward ing houses, two shops, several groceries, a large tannery, tailor shop, blacksmith and carpenter shops and several fisheries. Tho principal business of tho place is the manufacture and shipment of lumber. The number of steam and water mills for that pur pose within the range of navigation here, and in this part of the county is fourteen, five onlyof which are water mills, the remainder mostly double steam mills, which make an average of 20,000 feet in 24 hours. Tho quantities of lumber shipped from this port this season will amount to nearly or quite 30,000,000 feet be sides a proportionate amount of shingles, shingle-bolts, lath, wood, cedar posts, bark &c., &c. Heavy shipments of wheat, flour and plaster, have been made this season, and a largo amount of merchandise received for this place and the various points in Ottawa, Kent and Ionia. On the river two steamers ply between this place and Grand Rapids, nnd ono connects above to Ionia making about eighty miles inland navi gation towards Lansing tho Capital of the State, from which a plank road is nearly completed to Detroit and is to be extended west to Ionia and Grand Rapids. Stock is now being taken at Kalamazoo for a plank road to Grand Rapids, which improvements will facilitate travel from the East to Milwaukio, by way of Grand Ha ven. Propellors from Buffalo touch hero semi monthly en route for Chicago, and a fleet of about twenty sail take nearly a million feet of lumber a week to Chicago and other ports. Tho pure and healthful breeze from the liakc dissipates the miasma of the marshes and renders the oc cupation of our two physicians one of consid erable leisure. There are no Lawyers here, and a good one would find employment in this and the counties North. Tho population of the county is 0,400, embracing tho Hollaud Colony, twenty miles south of the county seat, on Black River, another good harbor when improved by government. The population of this village and Mill Point is about 1000. I have thus hastily glanced at tho present condition of Grand Haven as respects its pres ent business and improvements. Its origin, his tory and future proVpccts may bo tho theme of another articlo from your correspondent, if lime and opportunity will permit. j 27" On Friday last, as tho steamer Empire was making her downward trip, a spark from the smoke pipe alighted among the shavings and mw dust' near the Stofe House of the Messrs. Norton's, In their, mill yard; and dis daining idleness amid materials subservient to its will, this mischievous offspring immediate ly set to work and consumed the Store House, together with a quantity of wood and lumber. Most of tho valuables in store were saved. Two or thrco accidents of this kind may sug gest to tho proprietors of the Empiro the ne cesity of screening her smoke pipe and thus ef fectually preventing a recurrence of such ca lamities. Drowned. At tho mouth of White River, twenty-four miles North of this place, on Mon day, 23d of June, Henry Patrick, son of John son Patrick of Kalamazoo, aged about sixteen. He was left on board the schooner Telegraph while tho hands were ashoro getting out lum ber from Mr. Ferry's steam mill, by lighters to tho vessel ; during their absence he got into tho small boat and attempting to' 6cull around tho vessel was immediately thrown into the Lake. His cries were heard on shore, but he sunk before help could reach him. Tho body was found on Tuesday, July 1st, and buried at White Lake. DECISION OF JUDGE McLEAN In the United Stales Court on the subject of the seizure of Vessels for carrying timber and lum ber. Judge McLean yesterday rendered a decision on the legality of tho recent seizure of Vessels in this State for alleged violations of law, in car rying lumber and timber from the public lands. We are glad to have it in our power to publish that portion of the decision (which embraces the whole question of trespass, &e.) which bears di rectly upon tho right of seizure of vessels in the numerous cases beforo the court. Free Press. " But the question as to the forfeiture of the vessel is governed by the second section. That provides, 'that if the master, owner, or con signee of any ship or, vessel shall, knowingly, take on board any timber cut on lands which shall havo been reserved or purchased as afore said, &x,' "or shall take on board any live oak or red cedar timber cut on any other lands of the United States, with intent to transport the same, the ship or vessel, shall, with all her tack lo apparrel, etc., bo forfeited to tho United States," &i Now the question has arisen whether the ves sel incurs a forfeiture under the above provis ion, by transporting &c, any timber not taken from lands reserved for Naval purposes, or if ta ken from other lands of the United States w hich is not "live oak or'red cedar," not so reserved. Tho words of the section aro so explicit, that there would seem to bo no doubt of their meaning. The first part of tho provision un doubtedly applies to lauds reserved, and it is equally clear that the second part embraces lands not reserved. A'forfeiture is incurred if the ves sel takes on board any timber cut on tho lands reserved; but lo incur a forfeiture, under. tho second provision, for taking timber from lands not reserved for naval purposes, it must bo "live oak or red cedar." . ' i It is insisted that the words in the second sec tion "purchased as aforesaid," refer to the words of the first section, " or timber from any othc lands of the United States, acquired or hereaf- ; ter to bo acquired." That under the construe Hon given to the first section, these words sub ject the person removing the timber to an in dictment, fine and imprisonment, is admitted ; but tho words " purchased as aforesaid" cannot, by any fair interpretation, be made' to refer to any other words in the first section than tho identical words there used. "Or if any person or persons shall remove, &c, from any such lands which shall havo been reserved orpcrchas ed as aforesaid," is tho language of the first sec tion ; and they aro tho same words used in tho second section, and aro used in the same connec tion. That this is the correct construction, is man ifest from tho fact that, the second section also provides in the words which follow: that " live oak or red ceda"r," taken on board from other lands than those reserved, shall eausu a forfeit ure of the vessel. Now,if the words in the sec ond section " purchaso as aforesaid," refer as contended, to lands not reserved, this provision was unnecessary. It limits the forfeiture to " live oak and red cedar;" but if tho reference contended for be the true construction, then the forfeiture of the vessel is incurred for transport ing any kind of timber cut on tho public lands. If timber of any kind, even for tiro wood, were taken on board from an improvement of an oc cupant, to whom a pre-emptive right was sub sequently given by law, tho vessel would be for feited. Such a construction would make the second section inconsistent in its provisions, which ought never to be done by construction. It would impose a forfeiture of the vessel for ta king on board timber from reserved lands, from lanas not reserved, and then only for taking from unreserved lands, " live oak and red ce dar." The ArroRTioNMENT Bill, Fixing the ratio of representation at 5000, passed tho House of give the county of Wayne 8; Oakland and Wash tenaw G each; Lenawee 5; Calhoun and Jack son 4 each ; Hillsdale, Kalamazoo, Livingston, Macomb, Monroe, and St. Joseph 3 each ; Alle gan, Barry, Eaton, Lapeer, Ottawa, Shiawassc, Van Buren, Saginaw, Mackinaw, and Tuscola, 1 each ; Clinton and Gratiot compose one Repre- Hcr.tative district ; Sanilac and Huron one ; Mid land, Gladwin and Arnac ono; Montcalm, Isa bella, Mecosta, Osceola, and Clare, one J Ne waygo, Oceana, Lake, Mason, and Manistce,onc; Grand Traverse, Wexford, Missaukie, Roscom mon, Ogemaw, Josco, Algono.Oscoda, Crawford, Kalkaska, Omena, Leelanau, Antrim, Otsego, Montmorency, Alpena, Presque Isle, Wyandot, Charlevoix, Emmet, and Cheboygan, ono; Chip pewa, Maraquette, Schoolcraft, and Delta, one; Houghton and Ontonagon, one. Pontiac Gazette. Post Master arrested. The Port Huron Commercial fays the Post Master at Lexington, Sanilac county, has been arrested on' a charge of abstracting money from letters to the amount of scvcr.d hundred dollars. FOREIGN NEWS. Englahd. Tho Parliamentary intellirt.nco is entirely destitute of interest to American read ers. Tho success of the Worlds Fair in London still continues to be the great theme of conver sation. On the 2d of June, nearly 1,800 wns taken at the doors, hnd the London, Times states that on the 3d ult., the- number of people who visited the Exhibition was officially returned at 53,371, the amount taken at Is a head, and by the sale of season tickets, bting JC2,415 2s stea ling.' '.'-. - Spais. The accounts from Spain aro impor tant. M. Orcnse, Marquis de Albaydn, presi dent of the Spanish democrats, hi circulated an address containing his political pJogramme The government had ordered the poljee to pre vent the circulation of the document ;Uit its cir culation wan immense. The address advocates the union of the kingdoms of Spi'm and Portu- gal, under a republic, and other oeasures of ad ministrative and financial reforirj ' It was tho't in Madrid that a liberal movement was not far distant. The correspondent (f the Loudon Times says, that wisdom and god manngemvnt on the part of the' ministers canlalone avert k; rigor would probably only anticipate an insuX reclion. The Heraldo refers tolhe great night ly precautions taken in the Spvnish capital by the authorities and there was p very reason to fear that there were grounds foHliem and the government was said to be acting on informa tion derived from a good sourtj. Russia. The Duke of Leucjtenberg, son-in-law of the Emperor of Rusnia, il so dangerously ill that his life is despaired of. I Deaths of Distinguished Persons! His Excellency Richard Lalor Side; the British Min ister at Florence, died unexpeJedly on the 26th of May. Mr. Shiel had oidyoeeu appointed a few months and was former Master of the Mint. He was ono of tho mst eloquent and impassioned speakers in the British House of Commons. The decease of the Earl ofphaftsbury is also mentioned by this mail. Heias for many years chairman of committees in tjo House of Lords. N. Y. Herald. The following extrpt is from the New York Herald ot Juno 25th: The Canada Parliaxxt. "Politics arc waxing hot in Canada, 'llo United States aro threatened with an emb.ro upon its vessels and products. The Well-id Canal is to bo clos ed against u. We are q be denied the privi lege of navigating the Sf Lawrence. The mail steamers between the Uiled States and Eng land, Ireland and Scotlaii Cunard's line, Col lins' line, tho Southamjjm line, and tho Glas gow line, and the contemplated Gal way line are to be run off the ocu by Candian compe tition. We arc to be (prived of telegraphic news from Europe via Jalifax and the Lord knows what else is tc.be done unless Con gress pass tho "Rccijocity bill" at the next session. ' In the face of nil tese fearful threats, wo state positively that tile is no probability that Congress will adopt ll;t measure. This coun try i getting along vet well under the present , arrangements. Very Av in the United States l.vc any Interest in w ft .lis mailed the "reciproc ity measure" desdred by le Canadians. Some of the limited number of tilers ulong the Canada iVontirs, not concerned Smuggling both ways, may desire it; but there iU substantial interest in '.his country that woij be benefited by it. f -inuda may therefore del hut she can best do, io better herself, for thei is not the slightest ,:-rtnect of the measure le desires, or any kin- dd ineasure, bem" c ited. When (Iient Britain desires to place titrate and commerce between her and hercoli-s, and this country, on a more liberal footingjwhon she is disposed to adopt a general systeijf reciprocal low du tiesthis eountry will pliably meet her with a corresponding spirit, jfvided men who aro in favor of the free tradi&olicy are in power; but it is idle to look for ajeeial adoption of the reciprocity rule for the t jification of the peo ple of Canada, and tho4f tho United States residing on her borders, fcicli is not extended ' to our citizens of other s lons, with respect to foreign countries adjacenn them. South Car olina, Georgia and Florilaud, in fact, all the Cj.ulf and Southwestern Ses, may ask for spe cial arrangements as to t trade with the Ba hamas, Jamaica, Cuba, PotRico, and the West Indies generally, and witlexico ; and Califor nia and Oregon may ask I special reciprocal arrangements for their belt with Chili, Peru, the Sandwich Islands, Cfei, Ilindostan, &c. The eastern manufacturcrtho United States, whilst they oppose tho systj of low duties, and insist on a niga laria proupn against compe ting European manufactunfcannot, with' lion- csuaces,asK ior reciprocal v auues witn unn- ada, to create a market hcrLr their manufac tures." The following is a list Jio acts passed by tho Legislature and appro jby the Executive,, up to this date : Juno 25i 1 An act to provide for I payment of tho members and officers of -extra session of tho Legislature ; I . An act prescribing the i erfi"'ng va cancies in certain State ofli I An act to provide for thfmcnt of the ac cruing indebtedness of thcte; An act to amend section f an act entitled to provide for publishing Reports of State officers, &c. ; J , An act to provide for thcMication of legal notices; J An act to provide for le$ to contract the furnishing of fuel nnd statfrry for the use of the State, and also the StatHnting and bind- Neither of tho apportiopjit bills have yet passed the two.Houscs. ryii! providing for a sinking fund passed the Jsc, but was lost in the Senate, not having ifved a majority of vores of all the Senators (J. The tax bill is under consideration at pre Saturday noon will wind ud the nroceedl, when wo shall bo better able to tell vvhf H be passed and what left undone. The if e is mqstly thro with their business, and a the House. . r P inr the action of State Journal. . . Under tho next cenrusf Hampshire loses one Representative to Cot The same is the caso with Maine nnd ont. Massachu setts alone of the New rtand States gains one, owing to her incrcfroni foreign c mi grants. '