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VOLUME 1. GRAND HAVEN, MICHIGAN,. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 27, 1851. NUMBER 8. mi THE GUANl) 1UVKR TIMES 18 PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY EVENING, BY I1ARXS & ANGEL. Office over II. Griffin's Store, Washington Street. Qy 1RMS. i'aymcnt In Advance. Taken at the office, or forwared by Mall $1,00. Delivered by the Carrier In the Village. ..... 1,50. One shilling In addition to the above will be charged for every three months that payment Is delayed. No paper discontinued until all arrearages are paid, except at the discretion of the publishers. TERMS OF ADVERTISING : One Square, (12 lines or less,) first insertion, fifty cents, and twenty-five cents for each subsequent Insertion. Legal advertisements at the rates pre scribed by law. Yearly or monthly advertisements as follows: 1 square 1 month, Si, 00. 1 square 1 year, $5,00. 1 .. 3 .. 2.00. 1 column 1 .. 20.00. 1 0 3,00. 1 .. 1 month, 5,00. EE" Advertisements unaccompanied with writ ten or verbal directions, will be published until or dered out, and charged for. When a postponement is added to an advertisement, the whole will be charged the same as for the first insertion. 7" Letters relating to business, to receive at tention, must be addressed to the publishers post paid. Particular attention given to Blank rent ing. Most kinds of Blanks in use, will be kept constantly on hand. IUJINE C. DAVIS CO., Dealers in Dry Goods, Groce ries, Provisions, Hardware, Crockery, Boots and Shoes, &c, &c. Muskegon, Michigan. C. B. ALBEE, Storage, Forwarding and Com mission Merchant, and Dealer in Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware, Crockery, Boots and Shoes, &c, &c. Flour and Salt constantly on hand. Store, corner Washington and Water streets. Grand Haven, Mich. JIENBY B. WILLIAMS, Storage, Forward ing and Commission Merchant, also Agent for the Steamer Algoma. Store House at Grand Rapids, Kent Co., Mich. , BALL tf- MABTIN, Storage, Forwarding and Commission Merchants. Grand Rapids, Michi gan. GILBEBT CO., Storage, Forwarding and Commission Merchants, and dealers in Produce, Lumbor,' Shingles, Staves &c, &c. Grand Ha ven, Michigan. F. B. OILBEBT, Dealer in Dry Goods, Cloth ing, Boots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, Crockery and Stone Ware, Hard Ware, Groceries, Provis ions and Ship Stores. Grand Haven, Michigan. II EN BY O BIFFIN, Dealer in Staple and fan cy Dry Goods, Ready made Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Groceries, Hardware, Crockery and Glass, Drugs, Chemicals. Medicines. Paints and Oils, and Provisions. Also, Lumber,Shingles, &c.&c. Opposite the Washington House, Grand Haven, Michigan. WILLIAM M. FEBBY, Dealer in Dry Goods, Hardware, Groceries, Provisions, Crockery, Med icines, Boots and Shoes. Also, Maufacturer and dealer in Lumber. Water street, uranu Jiavcn, Michigan. HOPKINS BBOTIIEBS, Storagc,Forwanling & Commission mercnants ; general aeaicrs m nu . kinds of Dry Goods, Groceries, grain and provis ions; manufacturers and dealers wholesale and retail in all kinds of lumber, at Mill Point, Mich. L. 31. S. SMITH. Dealer in Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Oils and Dye Stuffs, Dry Goods, Groce ries and Provisions, Crockery, Hardware, Books, Stationery, &c, &c. At the Post Office, corner of Park and Barber streets, Mill Point, Mich. II. D. C. TXJTTLE, M. D. Oillcc, adjoining Wm. M. Ferry's Store, Water street, Grand Ha ven, Michigan. STEPHEN MONROE, Physic ian and Surgeon. Oiflco over .1. T. Davis' Tailor Shop. Washing ton Street, Grand Haven. LEVI SUA CK I 4 E TON, Wholesale and Retail dealer in Groceries, Provisions and Liquors. First door above II. Pennoyer's. Washington Street, Grand Haven, Michigan. SIMON SIMENOE, Dealer in Groceries and Provisions. Washington Street, second door East of the Ottawa House. WASHINGTON HOUSE, By Henry Texnot er. The proprietor has the past Spring new ly fitted and partly re-furnished this House, and feels confident visitors will find the House to compare favorably with the best in the State. WILLIAM TELL, HOTEL, By Harry Ea ton. Pleasantly situated with excellent rooms well furnished, and the table abundantly sup plied with the luxuries and substantials of life. JAMES PATTEBSON, Painter and Glazier. House, Sign, and Ornamental Painting done at Grand Haven. All orders will be promply atten ded to, by leaving word at this office. Shop at Grand Rapids, Michigan. WILLIAM OBIEL, Boot and Shoemaker. Boots and Shoes neatlv repaired, and all orders promtly attended to. Washington street, Grand Haven, Michigan. A. H. VBEDENBUBG, Boot and Shoemaker. Shop over Wm. M. Ferry's 6tore, Water street. CHABLES W. HATHAWAY, Blacksmith. All kinds of work in my line done with neatness and dispatch at my shop. Mill Point, Michigan. JOHN T. DAVIS, Merchant Tailor. Shop on Washington Street, first door west of II. Grif fin's Store. GBOSVENOB BEED, Prosecuting Attorney for Ottawa County. Residence at Charleston Landing, Allendale, Ottawa County, Mich. HOYT G. POST, Clerk of Ottawa County. Of fice over II. Griffin's store, opposite the Wash ington House. WILLIAM N. ANGEL, Register of Deeds, and Notary Public for Ottawa County. Office over H. Griffin's store, Washington street, opposite the Washington House, Grand Haven. HEN BY PENNOYER, Treasurer of Ottawa County. Office over II. Grifflin's Store, opposite the Washington House. ASA A. SCOTT, Sheriff of Ottawa County Office over H. Griffin's store, nnnoslto the Wash- ington House. 1 1 A ' I. O O. F., Regular meetings of Ottawa Lodge No. 40, is held every Wednesday evening, at their Lodge Rooom In the' Attic of the Washington House. Members of the Order are cordially in vited to attend. Grand Haven, Ottawa Co., Mich. W M. Rowland's seven foot mill saws, with teeth inca for use, of "ferry's Pattern" for sale by Wm. M. Ferry. DREAM OF SUMMER. BY JOHN O. WHITTIER. Bland as the morning breath of June The south-west breezes play ; And, through its haze, the winter noon Seems warm as summer's day. The snow-plumed angel of the north Has dropped his icy spear; Again the mossy earth looks forth, Again the streams gush clear. The fox his hill-side cell forsakes The muskrat leaves his nook, The blue bird in the meadow brakes Is singing with the brook. " Bear up, O mother nature I" cry Bird, breeze and streamlet free, " Our winter voices prophesy Of summer days to thee 1" So In those winters of the soul, By bitter blasts and drear O'crswept from memory's frozen pole, Will sunny days appear, Reviving hope and faith, they show The soul its living powers, And how beneath the winter's snow Lie gems of summer flowers 1 The night is mother of the day, The winter of the spring, And ever upon old decay The greenest mosses cling; Behind the cloud the starlight lurks Through showers the sunbeams fall ! For God, who loveth all his works Has left his Hope with all 1 A SPANISH BULLFIGHT. One day Don Philippe insisted upon taking us to witness a bull-light, which was about to take place, and which it was reported, the queen herself was expected to attend. This was a spectacle wc had never yet beheld, and our cu riosity was therefore aroused to the highest pos sible pitch of excitement. Visions of blood float ed before our fancy, and flashing steel gleamed across our sight. Anxiety stood on tip-toe, and the moments Hew slowly by, until the wished for hour arrived. We left the business of secu ring seats in the arena to Philippe, who by early application, succeeded in obtaining for us as el igible positions for witnessing the spectacle as we could reasonably desire. The critical mo ment was now at hand, our hearts almost leap ed from our mouths, so deeply were we excited in contemplation of the sanguinary event. At length the trumpets sounded, and forthwith en tered, in martial array, the entire body of com batants, gayly dressed, and presenting together a most striking and brilliant efTect. Marching to the opposite side of the ring, they respectful ly bowed to the appointed authorities, and then took their places, in complete readiness for ac tion. At a given signal, a small iron gate was suddenly opened,and in an instant a furious bull bounded frantically into the arena; and then, as if petrified with astonishment at the wonderful scene around him, he stood motionless for a few seconds, staring wildly at the immense assembly and pawing vehemently the ground beneath his feet. It was a solemn and critical moment, and I can truly say that I never before experienced such an intense degree of curiosity and interest. My feelings were wound up to the highest pitch of excitement, and I can scarcely believe that even that terrible human tragedy, a bloody gla diatorial scene could have affected me more deep ly. 1 he compressed fury of the bull lasted but an instant: suddenly his glaring eye caught the signi oi a rea nag, wnicn one oi me chuios, or foot combatants, had waved before him, and im mediately he rushed after his nimble adversary, who evaded his pursuit by jumping skillfully over the lower inclosure of the ring. The her culean animal, thus balked in his rage, next plunged desperately toward one of the vkadorc.s, or mounted horsemen, who calmly anil fearless ly awaited his approach, and then turned off his attack by the masterly management of his long and steel-capped pike. Thwarted once more in his purpose, he became still more frantic than before, while his low and suppressed roar, ex pressive of the concentrated passion and rage which burned within him, sounded like distant thunder to my cars. Half closing his eyes, and lowering his formidable horns, he darted again at one of the picadores, and with such tremen dous power, that he completely unhorsed him. Then shouts of applause from tho spectators filled the arena : " Bravo toro !" 44 Viva torol" and other exclamations of encouragement for the bull broke from every mouth. The picador lost no time in springing to his feet and re mounting his horse,whieh,however,oould scarce ly 6tand, so weak was the poor creature from the stream of blood issuing from the deep wouna in his breast. As soon as the enraired bull, whose attention had been purposely with drawn by the chulos, beheld his former adversa ry now crimsoned with core, ho rushed at him with the most terrific fury, and, thrusting his horns savagely into the lower part of the totter ing animal, he almost raised him from his feet, and so lacerted and tore open his abdomen, that Ins bowels gushed out upon the ground. Una ble any longer to sustain himself, the pitiable animal fell down in the awful agonies of death, and in a few moments expired. Two other hor ses shortly shared the same miserable fate, and their mangled bodies were lying covered with oioou, in ine centre oi me arena, rne bull him self was now becoming perceptibly exhausted, J j j 1 ... ... V .'i -n .. ana ins own ena was arawwjj nirrn. rortne purpose of stimulating and arousing into mo mentary action his rapidly-waning strength, tho assailants on foot attacked him with bared darts, called banderillos, which they thrust with skill into each side of his brawny neck. Sometimes these little javelins arc charged with a prepared powder, which explodes the instant that the sharp steel sinks into the flesh. The torture thus produced drives the wretched animal to the extreme of madness, who bellows and bounds in his agony, as if endued with the energy of a new :ite. On the present occasion,the arrows used were not of an explosive character yet thev served scarcely less effectually to enrage the furious monster. But hark 1 the last trumpet is sound- ing tho the awful death-knell of the warrior beast. The rincr becomes instantly cleared, and the foaming animal stands motionless and alone, sole monarch of the arena. But the fiat has gone forth, and the doom of death is impending over mm. ine matador enters the ring bv secret door, and after bowing to the president, and throwing down his cap in token of respect, slowly and deliberately approaches his terrific adversary, who stands as if enchained to tho spot by a consciousness of the fearful destiny that awaits him. The matador, undismayed by the ferocious aspect of the bull, cautiously advan ces, with his eyes fixed firmly and magnetical ly upon him; a bright Toledo blade glistens in his right hand, while in his left he carries the mulcta, or crimson flag, with which to exasper ate the declining spirit of his foe. An intenso stillness reigns throughout tho vast assemblage, the most critical point of the tragedy is at hand, and every glance is riveted upon the person and movements of the matador. A single fatal thrust may launch him into eternity, yet no ex pression of fear escapes him; cool, and self-pos-sessed, he stands before his victim, studious of every motion, and ready to take advantage of any chance. It is this wonderful display of skill and brave ry that fascinates the attention of a Spanish au dience, and not the shedding of blood or the suf ferings of the animal, which are as much lost sight of in the excitement of the moment as the gasping of a fish or the quivering of a worm up on the hook is diregarded bv the humane disci ple of Izaak Walton. The bull and matador, as motionless as if carved in marble, presenta fear fully artistic effect. At length, like an electric Hash, the polished steel of the matador flies in the air, and descends with tremendous force into the neck of tho doomed animal, burying itself in the flesh, even up to the hilt. The blow is well made, and from the mouth of the bull a torrent of blood gushes forth in a crimson stream ; he staggers, drops on his knees, recovers himself for an instant, and then falls dead at the feet of his conqueror, amid the tumultuous plaudits of the excited throng of spectators. Such is a slight sketch of a Spanish bull-fight. The impression made upon our minds by the first representation was so deeply tinctured with horror that we resolved never to attend another, though it is but fair to state that this good res olution, liko many others wc have made in our lives, was eventually overcome by temptations. Harper s Magazine. The Sluoox. The effects of the Simoon are instant suffocation to every living creature that happens to be within tho sphere of its activity, and immediate putrifaction of tho carcasses of the dead, lho Arabians discern its approach by an unusual redness in the air, and they say that they feel and smell of sulphur as it passes. The only means by which any person can pre serve himself from suffering by these noxious blasts, is by throwing himself down, with his face upon the earth, till this whirlwind of pois onous exhalation has passed over, which always moves at a certain height in the atmosphere. Istinct even teaches the brutes to incline their heads to the ground on these occasious. The Arabs of tho desert call these winds sc- tnoum or poison, ana the lurks shamyelaw or wind of byrn, frJJn which is formed samiel. ineir ncai is sometimes so excessive, inai ii is difficult to form any idea of its violence, witl out having experienced it; but it may be com pared to the heat of a large oven at the mo ment of drawing out the bread. When these winds begin to blow, tho atmosphere assumes an alarming aspect. ine sky, at other times so clear in this climate, becomes dark and heavy ; and the sun loses his splendor, and appears of violet color. The air is not cloudy, but grey and thick, and is in fact filled with an extremely subtle dust which penetrates every where. This wind, always light and rapid, is not at first remarkably hot, but increases in heat in proportion as it continues. All animated bod ies soon discover it, by tho change it produces in them. The lungs, which a too refined air no longer expands, are contracted, and become painful. Respiration is short and difficult, parched and dry. the body is consumed by an internal heat. In vain is recourse had to largo draughts of water; nothing can restore perspi ration. In vain is coolness sought for; all bod ies in which it is usual to find it, deceive the hand that touches them. Marble, iron, water, notwithstanding the sun no longer appears, are hot. The Rtreets are deserted, and the dead si lence of night reigns everywhere. The inhab itants of cities and villages shut themselves up in their houses, and those of tho desert in their tents, or in pits they dig, where they wait the termination of the destructive heat. It usu ally lasts three days, but if exceeds that time it becomes insupportable. Wo to the traveler whom this wind surprises remote from shelter! he must suffer all its dreadful consequences, which sometimes are mortal. Tho danger is most imminent when it blows in squalls, for the rapidity of tho wind increases the heat to such a degree as to cause sudden death. This death is real suffocation; tho lungs being empty, are convulsed, the circulation disordered, and the whole mass of tho blood driven by the heat to wards tho head and breast ; whence that hcem orragc at the nose and mouth which happens after death. The wind is especially fatal to perr sons of a plethoric habit, and those in whom fa tigue has destroyed the muscles and the vessels. The corpse remains a long time warm, swells, turns blue, and is easily separated ; all of which are signs of that putrid fermentation which takes place in animal bodies when tho humors be come stagnant. These nccidents are to be avoided by stopping the nose and mouth with handkerchiefs; an eflicacious method is that likewise by the camels, who bury their noses in the sand and keep them there till the storm is over. Another quality of this wind is extreme ar idity ; which is such, that water sprinkled on the floor evaporates in a few minutes. By this ex treme dryness, it withers and strips all the plants ; and by exhaling too suddenly the eman tions from animal bodies, crisps the skin, closes tho pores, and causes that feverish heat which is the invariable effect of suppressed pcrspi ration. 44 Do you see that fellow lounging there do ing nothing?" said Owen to Jenkins, the other day. "Yes, how does he Jive T " Why, he is a cannibal, he lives xn other people.". From the British Possessions. A. voyaguer from Selkirk, James McKay, a very intelligent and noble specimen of a Northman, arrived here on Saturday, twenty days from Selkirk. He brought down Capt. V. Foss of the British Ar my, who has been three years at Fort Gray, and now returns to Lngland. They came with nvo Red River carts and six horses. Tho crops at Red River looked remarkably well when they ett. 1 he spring had been earlier than usual. There had not been excess of rain nor high wa ters, like those of last season. They raise ar'e crops of barley, oats, spring wheat, pota toes, cabbages, turnips, beets, melons, onions and all kinds of garden vegetables, that grow in temperate latitudes. Tho corn crop is not relied upon it is a precarious crop, though rai sed in every garden for table use. J lie bcotch Presbyterians are erecting a church building. They expect a Clergyman from Canada. Mr. McKay will take him up. Ho is expected hero shortly. 1 he population of Selkirk Settlement is a- bout 7000, excluding Indians. They enjoy good health and arc rapidly improving in cir cumstances. Capt. Ross thinks that if the fa cilities for emigration to that region were great er, that the population would increase rapidly from that source. The ice in the rivers disap peared early in April. They plant early in May. They usually have frosts till the first of June, and again in September. Tho season is long enough to fully mature tho crop. Their rivers usually freeze over by the middle of November. The Oregon emigrating Company, which left here some weeks ago, started from Selkirk on the 21st of June were all in good health had enjoyed a pleasant trip were pleased with the route. At Selkirk, they procured horses, carts and provisions. They intended to follow James Sinclair's route to the head waters of the Co lumbia River. They will there dispose of their horses and carts, and go down the river in ca noes to Oregon City. This is represented to be the most pleasant overland route yet discov ered to the Pacific, as well as the most expedi tious. If it were more generally known, there would be a large amount of travel by that route. The site of Pembina is about to be abandon ed; it being too much exposed to high water. A new town, another Sainf, town of St. Jo sephs, has been laid out by Mr. Kittson, partner in tho fur company, in a beatiful situation, at the foot of the Pembina mountains, about thirty miles from Pembina. Some buildings have al ready been erected in all completed and in pro cess of building, about a dozen. Mr. Kitson has a storo there, and the Rev. Mr. Belcourt his residence and chapel. W. Ross Esq., Sheriff of Selkirk, and a merchant there, arrived on Friday. He goes to St. Louis to purchase goods. Also the Rev. Mr. Smithers, Episcopal Missionary at Upper Lake Winnepeg, who has been there twelve years, and now returns to England. A late number of half breeds, from the Brit ish side of the line, have crossed over to the American side, for the purpose of being ready to treat with Gov. Ramsey for the sale of the Pembina lands. Thus Uncle Sam will have a chance to buy American lands of British half breeds men of straw, enticed there by the American Fur Company, as a ruso to get mon ey out of the public treasury. H. II. Sibley &. Co., have great sympathy for these "impor ted" Pembiricsc, and Gov. Ramsey, so far as tho Fur Company is interested, is just the man to make a treaty with them. The great Red River Caravan will be here on Thursday or Friday. It consists of 102 carts laden with bulfalo skins, moccasins, leggings, coats, ornaments and curiosities, made by the half breeds of Selkirk and a premium which is a dried hash of bi.Jfalo meat, lean and fat mixed, a choice dish among the Indians. Heretofore the people of Selkirk have had but two or three mails a year from tho civilized world. They have now, (since tho 1st of Ju ly,) a monthly mail from St. Paul, via. Pembi na. Our inteicourao with them must become more intimate, as wc have no doubt it will bo mutually pleasant and profitable. Minesota Democrat. Caught a Tartar. Soon after the revolu tionary war, a brave Yankee officer, a former captain in tho service, happened to be at St. Pe tersburg in Russia, and while there was invited to dine at the table of a distinguished merchant. There was a large number of guests at the ta ble and among tho rest an English lady, who was anxious to appear as one of the "knowing ones." On understanding that an American was sitting near her, she expressed to one of her friends a determination to quiz him. She fast ened upon him like a tigress, making numerous enquiries touching our habits, customs, dress, manners, modes of life, education, amusements, etc. To all these queries the ofliccr gave cour teous answers, which seemed to satisfy all the company with the exception of tho lady herself. She was determined not to be satisfied, and went on. " Have the rich people in your country any carriages? For I suppose there aro some who call themselves rich." "My residence" replied tho captain is in a small town upon an island, where there are but few carriages kept ; but in larger towns and cities upon the main land there are quite a number maintained, suited to repub lican manners." "Indeed?" replied his fair ques tioner, in a tone that was both interrogatory and exclamatory ; " I cant't fancy where you find coachmen: I shouldn't think tho Americans knew how to drive a coach." 44 Wc find no dif ficulty on that account, Madam," calmly replied the captain ; " we can havo plenty of them by sending to England for them." 44 To England 1" exclaimed the lady, speaking very quickly ; " I think tho Americans ought to drivo tho English instead of English driving the Americans." 44 We did, Madam in the late war," rejoined the officer; 44 but sinco the peace we have permitted the English to drive us!" There was no more "quizzing"'of our American during the dinner. He waited in vain, , like Sam. Weller in Bardell vs. Pickwick for the next question." Never give away to trifles ; as there is no say. ing how soon you may be called upon to give way in matters of-iroportance, Business Men. Business men are every year' becoming more impressed with the fact that, to build up a "trade," to increase their sales, or even to retain their "old customers," they must employ some method to keep themselves and their wares constantly "before the people." Advertising exerts a controlling influenco over trade is a method which every one can employ. Dr. Johnson, in his "idler," says: "Every man now knows a ready method of informing the public all that he desires to sell or buy, whether his wares be material or intel lectual whether he makes clothes or teache.H the mathematics whether he be a tutor that wants a pupil, or a pupil that wants a teacher." Essays havo been written' on the subject of advertising and its importance to business men. The fact, however, that almost every one can see, in the wealth or trade of his neighbor, the benefit resulting directly from advertising, out weighs all that has ever been written on the sub ject. The only question at issue is, tho best manner in which to advertise. Tho local Press opens a wide door through which purchasers may be reached ; and business men of the cities, by employing those Presses, are making inroads on the trade of country dealers. V. B. Palmer, for instance, is engaged by merchants to spread their business before purchasers through the col umns of the local Press; and the fact that the business of Country advertising is constantly in creasing, is sufficient evidence that the means employed is effectual in securing the object de sired. There are business men in our own village who close their eyes to the importance of adver tising in the papers printed in their midst; btit they can not fail to see that those who do ad vertise derivo benefit from their neglectthey can not see their 44 old customers" trading at tho counter of a rival in business, and yet deny the power of the agency employed to effect the change. Newburgh Telegraph. The death of Friends. Many whom wo dearly love are not with us now. The flowers bloom upon their graves. A little while ago,and they were with us young and happy ; but alas ! tho bloom faded from their cheeks they sick ened and died. What were our feelings when we looked upon their pale face for the last time, and followed their beloved forms to the cold, si lent tomb ! And Oh 1 when we heard the earth fall upon their bosoms, how did our hearts bleed ! And then, to return home without them and from day to day behold the vacant seat, and with tearful eyes gaze again and again upon some memento of the departed one. Yes, this is sorrow ! You, perhaps, have felt it in tho loss of one beloved. The flowers of spring now bloom upon the grave of the dear departed. Tho birds sing sweetly there ; but the quiet sleeper hears not their song. And can it be that the loved one is dead ' Farewell you may say, dear friend ! Thou art where flowers im mortal bloom. Instead of the song of birds, thou art listening to tho song of angels. Again fare well ! Thou hast entered the paradise of God. Prayer. Ejaculatory praver requires not the sanctuary, the more retired circles, nor the clos et; although in either, it may, and ought to be offered; but by the way-side, in the thronged streets, amidst the cares of commerce and of trade, or in tho social enjoyment of life, it is not only appropriate, but seems tho only resort for keeping up close communion between the soul and heaven. A single wish of tho inmost spirit, a groan uttered, an unspoken sentence, a yearn ing of the heart directed to tho throne above, may reach the ear of him who never fails to guard his tried and tempted ones; and bring tho blessing down just at tho moment when the blessing is most needed. Under the sudden in vasions of anger, envy, pride, lust,covctousness, revenge, despondency, let the heart go right up in an instant to your great Leader, and there shall come the needed help. Religion the Soul of Freedom. Diminish principle, and you increase the need of force in a community. In this country, government needs not the array of power, which you meet in other nations; no guard of soldiers, no host of spies, no vexatious regulations of police ; but it accomplishes its beneficent purposes by a few unarmed judges and civil officers, and operates so silently around us, and comes so seldom in contact with us, that many of us enjoy its bless ings with hardly a thought of its existenco; and this is the perfection of freedom; and to what do wo owe this condition 1 I answer, to tno power of those laws which religion writes on our hearts, which unito and concentrate public opinion against injustice and oppression, which spread a spirit of equity and good will through the community. Thus religion is tho soul of freedom ; and no nation under heaven has such an interest in it as ourselves. . Channing. Before you ask a man for a favor, consult tho weather. The samo person that is as ugly as sin while a cold rain is spitting against the window-glass, will no sooner feel the gladden ing influence of a little quiet sunshine, than his heart will expand like a rose-bud. As the next thing to having wisdom ourselves, is to profit by that of others ; so the next thing to having merit ourselves, is to take care that the meritorious profit by us ; for he that re wards the deserving, makes himself one of the number. It is every way creditable to handle the yard stick and to measure tape ; tho only discredit consists in having n soul whoso range of. tho't is as short as the slick, and as narrow as tho tape. Knowledge cannot be acquired without pain's and applications. It is troublesome, and like deep digging for puro water; but when once you come to the spring, they riso up and meet you. A chap from tho country, who visited New port to "see tho Fourth of July," entered a hotel, and sat down to dinner, tlpon the, bill of faro being presented to him by the waiter, he remarked that ho "did'nt care 'bout readin now he'd wait till after dinner."