Newspaper Page Text
OUK LIBERTY AND HAITIXESS AS A NATION ABE IX OUR OWN KEEPING, IF THEY ARE EVER SACRIFICED IT WILL BE ON THE ALTAR OF PARTY SPIRIT, AT THE INSTANCE OF DESIGNING AMBITION AND BY OCR OWN HANDS. -'V I VOLUME II. YPSILANTI, (MICH) WEDNESDAY OCT. 1, 1845. IN UMBER 3G. ... . Til K YPSILANTI SENTINEL. .!.Wdl be published everj Wednesday, at Ypsilanti Washtenaw Co. Michigan, fft, ; CHARLES WOODRUFF. EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. i TERMS. To Subscribers who pay in advance To who delay till after three months, ' I,50 2,00 . RATES OF ADVERTISING.. For one square, (14 lines) one insertion 0,50 For every subsequent insertion 25 A liberal deduction made to those who advertise by the year.1 33" All letters and ccommunications must be address to the proprietor postage paid to receive attention. - U"No paper will be discontinued until all arearages re paid. ;rV. . TO CLUBS OF SUBSCRIBERS. Five copies ol the Sentinel forwarded to one address cash in Advance, for $6' - Ten copies for 812 joe: p izijstijg. Executed with nearness and dispatch at this Office. From the St. Louis Reveille. f COME OUT TO THE WEST Come forth from your cities, come out to the west ; Ye have hearts, ye have hands, leave to nature t he rest. The praire, the forest, the stream at command The world is too crowded,' pshaw come and take land Not only that labor reward may not find ; Tis the curse of distinction that curbeth the mind; Tia the lack of the sunrise, the breese of the hill, The glorious thought ' Tis my own land I till. ' Disease in he garret, dim cellars of crime ; Corruption's foul alleys, theft famine and slime ; Oh linger not, poor man fiy swiftly and far; Oh, caves ot the desert, thrice happy ye are ! Come travel the mountain, and paddle the stream ; The cabin shall smile, and the corn-patch shall gleam; A wife aud six children 'tis wealth in your hand ! Your ax and your rifle out West and take land ! A Teuncssee Doorkeeper. - I BI S0I SMITH. In the summer of 1833 (the second cholera year) I traveloJ across the couutry Com Cincinnati. ihmnrrli IvontufL-v. Riist Thiii'ikh. North Carolina nrl .QiMik f?unliiia int.i Itmraia. with a small I party of recruits for my southern theatres. At Greenville, "EasfTeutiessee, we made a hail and determined to treat the inhabitants of that beautifu I village, with three representations of the 'legita mate drama, ' in a carpenter thop hastily bui taste fully Sued up for the occasion. , Tne first repre sentalion was atteodad by six! people, making the total receipts of the first eve ning three dollars. My landlord, the carpenter, attributed the slim attendance to a camp meeting, that was in success ful operation about two miles from town, and reck oned ifl would hold on until that broke up, Isho'd have full shops every night. Thus urged, we held on and our next perfor anco was rewarded with a receipt, iu cash, of two dollars and a half. " .. I proposed to decamp the next morning, but the printer of the Greenville Expositor, (who was on the free list of course.) remonstrated against this, urging that a third perioral inc must be successful, ar it was cm tain the camp meeting whuid break up that morning, and the young people all return to their -hemes. , I yielded and advertised for 'positively the last performance,' the play of William Tell, a favorite afterpiece, and a lot of comic songs. At the time of beginning, I was glad to find a crowded audience in waiting the shop, work bench and all. was literaly crammed. One of the carpenter's apprentices whom I had transformed into a citizen of Altorf for the occasion, told me thai alt but five or six of the people in front, were reli gious foi'ks who bad attended the camp meeting faithfully to its conclusion. The performance proceeded ; the actors were in high spirits. Lyne (afterward a celebrated el ber of the Mormon church) bellied Gesler with great fierceness; Sarnani whacked the carpenter's apprentice with a hearty good will, while the lat ter was making a bow to the Governor's cap on a t pole five feet and a half high the arrow, aimed ' at the apple on Alberts head, flew into the , horse blanket ,and held up as a target, behind the scenes and the play was received with shouts of satisfac tion by the Greenvillians. The farce was hon. ored by peal on peal of laughter, while the comic songs were doubly encored, evejy one of them. 1 1 be entertainment over, I observed a reluctance ia' the audience to departthey wanted another song. 1 gave them one. Siiil they remained as if glued to their seals. 1 went before the curtain and thanked the ladies and gentlemen for their pat ronage, and informed them that the performance had concluded, they did not move, they wanted yet another song. 1 gave them another, and a gain told them the performance was over, intima ting at the same time that the stage carpenter was waiting to take down Ihe scenery. A gentleman in the gallery ,(the workbench) here addressed me as follows; ? Mr. Sol. Smith : Sir I have been requested to express to you the unanimous wish of this meeting, that you will prolong your season. The liberal patronage bestowed upon you this eve ning must hare convinced you that we can make something of a : turnout here ; and I feel . author ised to say that if you will give us a performance to morrow night, you shall have another house as , crowded as this. ' ; .A murmur of applause ran through the audience confirming the opinion oflbc speaker, and I was greatly tempted to yield to their wishes; but be thinking me of some Appointments for towns far ther south, I was obliged to decline the invitation of toy kind auditors and content myself with the eighty or ninety dollars winch I supposed had been contributed that night to my ways and means. Finding me determined, the audience gradually dispersed each, individual casting wistful and side, lyr.g glances toward the stage, which by this time was beginning to be dismantled. Motioning the doorkeeper to follow me into a sort of shed adjoining the theatre, I proceeded too pen the ticket box iu his presence, while he sat down on a bench in the corner to wait for his wa ges. I found seven tickets in the box, and turn ing to the waiting doorkeeper, who was busily en gaged chewing tobacco, and spitting, I asked bim what he had done with the rest. They are all thar 1 be replied, with great com posure, looking intently at a beam in the shed, and rocking his right knee, which he held in his clench ed hands, and raised about halfway from the floor to his chiu. All where?' was the very natural question I next propounded. In the box where ynu told me to put 'em, he answered, still eyeing the heatn or rafter. 'I find but teven here,' I remarked, I want to know where are the tickets for ihe 160 or 180 people 1 saw in the house to night. ' I tell you again they are all thar, sir,' he an swered sturdily; and 1 allow 't wont be 6afe for no man to insinuate any thing agin my character,' he continued, releasing his knee and taking a very large quid of tobacco irom a rusty steel box. aud cramming it into his mouth. 'I do not wish to insinuate any thing against your character' said I soothingly ; but I want to know what yju have done with the tickets. They are thar,3 he again alleged -'every one of 'em thar, no one has passed me without giving me a ticket, and they are all thar. ' I bfgan to get a little pettish, and asked the to bacco chewer to explain himself. 'There were nearly 200 people in tne house,' I urged. Thar war full tha,' he admitted. Well then,' I enquired finally, where are the tick Is? will you explain the mystery ?' My friend the, tobacco chewing dooi keeper, re newed his grasp on his raised knee, deliberately withdrew his eyes from the rafter, and fixing them half closed upon mine, at length afforded the de- tired explanation thus : You engaged me to keep your door: and I performed my doolies to the best of my abilities. for which you are indebted to me three dollars and I want my money. No person has passed me without a ticket my character is above suspicion and no one must say nothing agin it.' My gd friend ' I ventured to say, I don't wish to say nothing against ' No, 1 should think not you'd belter not.' he continued. for I'm too well known here, ; well as I was a sayiu, you employed me as doorkeeper' I had nothing to do with the winders, and that's whar your hundred and eighty people come in ; you tarnal fool to leave em open, when there war sich a crowd comin from camp meeiiu'! I paid the fellow his three dollars and the next day was on my way to the warm springs in ihe famous county of Buncombe, where they raise the largest peaches, and the yellowest children in all creation. Germany. The able European correspondent of tho Philadelphia Gazette, to whose pen we are often indebted, writing under date of Antwerp Aug. 17lh, fully confirms all we have published, from time to time, from the Paris papers, respecting the unsettled state af Germany, and the prospect of a 6erjnus outbreak there. The letter quoted says: " But the quiet progress ot industry and com merce in Germany, is more than ever threatened by internal revolutions. It cannot bo denied that the religious quarrels of the new Catholic and pro testant dissenters, linked as they are with political demands for freedom, are becoming more formi dable; especially on the Rhine, in Silesia, and in the Northeastern provinces of Prussia. Secret so cities and clubs arejspringing up all over Germa. ny, and the Prussian Capital itself, is the head quarters of the communists. Germany is approach ing a crisis which will shake all Europe with its consequences. The king of Prussia's progress through his domimods, was everywhere gloomy in the extreme. At Cologne a few loyalists de manded permission to serenade him, and to ar range a torchlight procession, but their number was so Fmall that it was thought best for the king to decline, to prevent an open failure. The ex pelling of two deputies from the dutchy of Baden, has excited a feeling of indignation all over Ger many, and the Diets of the Southren States have been more stormy than in 1833 when the people were supposed nearest a revolution. The Ger mans are now without tne liberty of the press as they were in 1833 when ihe Southern Slates en joyed that boon. The country has become so well educated that even with a shackled press the peo ple understand esch other, aud are preparing for for a general opposition. The trouble arising in the political constellation of Germany, may for a while, inpede the progress of industrial develope ment, but it will be only for a moment, and be fol. lowed by a more congenial legislation or the sub ject. Pilot. The Better Way. The sons of the poor die rich, while the sons of the rich die poor! What encouragement to toil through life, , acquiring wealth to ruii our children! Butler to use our money as we go along educate our boob secure their virtue by habits of industry and study, and let them take care of themselves. . . " , Iiabor iu New York. ITS CIRCUMSTANCES, CONDITIONS AND BEWABDS. DRESS MAKERS. Dress making business is divided into several very distinct branches. First there are the large expensive establishments patronized by no body but wealthy and aristocratic ladies, and in which the principal does nothing but the smiling and bowing, the putting off of impatient customers, the patching up of broken promises. &c. while a foreman is employed at a salary of $5 to 87 per week to cut, fit and measure. This process is not done as with the tailors by a single mearure ment and subsequent calculation ; but each cus tomer has to be fitted and measured in a process not much less fatiguing, we should think, than sit ting for one's protrait. And yet we have heard of ladies who seemed actually to find pleasure in Jit! In the spring, early Summer, Autumn and win ter seasons these fashionable establishments are crowded with work, to an almost inconceivable extent. Every few days the windows of some leading shop in Broadway display some new fig ure or style of dress, (perhaps adroitly kept back from the left over stock of a former season,) which creates of course a positive necessity for every la dy in the city having the slightest claims to being considered one of the "Upper Ten Thousand" to have a dress from the new article of '"so desira ble a style." Of course, too, nobody but Mrs. ' or 'Madame ' could make a dress U to be seen, although neither of them ever put a stitch or a pair of scissors into her customers' material. But every fashionable lady must have it in her power to say that her dress teas made at such or such a well known establishment. This occa sions a grand rush to the popular Dress-rraking concerns, and work is frequently engaged three or four weeks ahead by them. They charge slashing prices, which are paid without grumbling, (sometimes people who beat down little barefoot girls in the price of matches for the cake of 'econ omy' and to avoid foolishly squandering their hus bands' money.') Almost all of these establish ments realize immense profits, and iheir proprie tors frequently acquire fortunes in the course of a few year. But the industrious Journey women whose busy fingers plied incessantly from morning to night,and often late into the night, 'on account of the hurry ing season,' do the work for which her mistress gets so extraviganlly paid how is it with her ? She is employed by the week, and very often works fifteen or sixteen hours out of the twenty four, with scarcely an in'ermission long enough to swallow her food. Her toil, too, is of the most unhealthy and destructive character, bending con stantly with her chest doubled up in one position ; and she does not dare to seek for relaxation lest she should lose her place. Well for this she gets 2 50 per week, sometimes; oftner but $2, and we have evidence that many of them receive but 81 25. Just before New Year's, or for some great parly or soiree somtimes these the fashiona ble establishments are piled lip-deep with the gor. geous silks and satins and costly embroidered evening.dresses of their aristocratic customers, which must be done by a certain time ; and in order to effect it the workmen are coaxed, driv en and stimulated by every imaginable artifice to push their work ahead. They sometimes eat in the chair in which they sew, and then fall to work again, continuing all night long, on extra ordinary occasions, to work without sleep or rest. Thty are few of them healthy looking, nor can we see how they manage to prolong life at all. Dys pepsia, Consumption, Liver-complaint, would seem to be tne inevitatle reward of their mode of labor and life. The making of a dress, in the present era of fasnionable refinement, requires talent and artifi cial skill of rather a high order; and a few girls i ot more than ordinary intelligence, by their dex ity and the "style" they are enabled to impart to their work, (which is simply genius employing it self unworthily) command much better prices. They generally, however, either become err ployers themselves or take in work on their own account ; and the exceptions to the stale of things we have described are rare. Another class of Dress. makers are those who go out by the day. They are far more independ ent and better paid than the Journey women n the largo establishments, and are frequently employ ed by wealthy people. They are also often en gaged by the better aud more pretentions among wives ot Mechanics and the great Middle Class, who ape aristocracy so far as they by utmost and constant struggle and agony are able. Many, al. so, of course need help in their sewing; and alto. gelher, there is room in New York for one hun dred or one hundred and fif'y good Dress-makers to be constantly employed in this way. ' They re ceive from five shillings to seventy five cents and even 81, per day, besides their board ; and we do not see why more women who can sew well and understand cutting and fitting dresses do not go in to this branch of the business. To succeed in it, however, requires real - skill and knowledge of their profession, aud some little time to become known. . Families dislike to change their dress maker as much as their physician ; and good dress makers have often to be engaged three or four weeks beforehand. - '. Beside the Journey women and Apprentices em ployed iu the larger establishments, there are hun dreds of females in all parts of the City who take; in work at their own house, and support them selves (and very often their families) by making 1 dresses for all prices, from $1 to 82 and 83. j Sevant girls seldom make their own dresses, and scarcely ever pay over 81 apiece. There are ten thousand servant girls in the City, who havo from three to six aud eight new dresses per year. Some idea therefore can he formed of the extent of this cheap Dress-making; and when we state that it is two davs' work to make tUe plainest dress now worn we can come near the amount of the compensation, which, with steady work, would probably average from three to four dollars per week. - v We have as yet said nothing of the apprentice system adopted in this business, which is quite as bad as any other part of it. A girl wishing to learn dress making must first pay 810 or $15 to the employer and work six months for nothing boarding herself during ibis time, oi she can avoid the $10 or $15 initiation by working a year instead of six months fur nothing. If there is a great press of work, the apprentices ff course are kept closlBt sewitii; the pla:n seams in a dress (which they already understand) "until the hur ry is over;" and as this "hurry" generally lasts two thirds of tho year, the opportunities fur lear ning the trade are by no means Mich as they ought to be. - A large proportion loo of apprentices are not competent to learn readily if at all any thing but plain sowing ; and thus at the end of six months' during which Ihey have worked hard and boarded themselves, paying $10 to $15 for the privilege, not more than one third r one quarter turn out good dress makers. -Tribune. DOMESTIC ECONOMY. Said Stiggins to his wife one day, "We've nothing left to eat; . If things go on in this queer way. We shan't mak? both ends meet " The dame replied, in discreet words, We're not so badly fed, If wo can make but one end meat, . And make the other bread." Old-Fasliioncd L.ibealitj. A correspondent, speaking f the increase of im moral books, relates ihe following story : It is to be regretted that some Book Offices the proprietors of which profess high moral and reli gious principles, should have first commenced the publicatiou of these injurious works on this side the Atlantic and thus set the example for others of less strict pretensions, to flood the country with the pernicious works of the worst schools. But in every attempt to seive God and Mammon, in the end, Mammon becomes the ruling Divinity. We give the following aneccdote to illustrate the beginning of that passion, whose motto is, 'make the most of every thing. One of these establishments, some twenty four years ago, then just beginning to feel the impulse of the tide which has bome it to such an unparal leled eminence of fortune, was engaged in pub lishing the works of the great Wizard of the north. They had no competitors save at Philadelphia, where a publishing house, every whit their match io book diplomacy, occasionally managed to anti cipate them in the publication of an anxiously ex. pected work. On one of these occasions, tvhen both of these establishments were in possession of a copy at the same moment 2 vols. 12mo. $1,25 per vol. it became a matter of some consequence to be the first io the markets The New York of fice received the copy, Peveril of the Peak ' at 9 o'clock on monday morning. Every muscle was put in requisition for twenty four hours; beer crack- era and cheese were supplied to tne workman ou ring the night and at ten o'clock on Tuesday mor ning the book was published in two volumes bouna It was the quickest work ihat had ever been done in the printing line in this country it was also proportiosablv profitable. The senior partner, of the Firm was in extacies, as was natural, not only an account of the reputation won, but other winnig more tangible and equally lustrous. lie tell tnat he owed something to his workmen, tor tne glory and prosperity which so suddenly surrounded him and cast about, as was right and proper, how best to do the right thing. Passing along the various lines of stands, with a smile upon his gratified fea. tures which has not left them to I his day, be prais ed their performance. 'My lads, you hare sur passed my expectations you have actually per formed wonders. You have not only beaten Phil, adelphia. a rival city, but you have got out a work vuickar than was ever yet done in England. Ymi ilp.prvn tn ha rewarded and encouraged, and you shall be, one and all, you shall have a copy at half price.! Tribune. The idle levy a very heavv tax upon the indus trious, wnen by frivolous visitations they rob them of their time. Such persons beg their happiness frym door to door, as beggars lhir daily bread. and like themselvs sometimes meet with a rebuff. A mere gossip ought not to wonder if we evince signs that we are tired of him, seeing that we are indebted to the honour of his visit, solely to the cir cumstance of being tired of himself.' He sits xt home until j he has accumulated an insupportable load of ennui, and he sallies forth to distribute it a moogst all hisniiainianrM. : "Truth crushed to earth will rise again." . It is not so with eggs generally speaking. StrictConstruction. Some genius has been construeing the new Post Office La w m a way ! ihat would rejoice the heart of a Virginia Abstrac tionist. The law says that single letters may be conveyed "for any' distance under three hundred miles, ten cents. Those letters that are sent a distance neither over nor under, but just three hundred miles, of course go free ! So that every one who lives just three hundred miles from any other body has the franking privilege ! ! , Battle of Dresden, Aug.2Sth andZltk Id .3. BT AN EYE WITNESS. Dresden, the Capital of Saxony, is one of the most beautiful cities of Germany, standing on the bank of tne Elbe, and presenting a magnificent view with its bridge of stone and the beautiful fa cade of the Catholic Church. - . v From the 12th of .August this city presented one grand field ol Battle, on which the fate of Europe was to be decided. Tne genius of the Emperor Napoleon foresaw clearly ihe impor tance of this position. The occupation of Dree-, den was, in respect tn its military situation, the occupation of Geimmy. and if the d fferent bat tles iu its vicinry,i(i which the glory of the French: arms was so striking, had terminated in favor of the French, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, aud Wr- saw would have been re-taken by ihem. Napo leon made his eutry into Dresden at half past'nioe' o'clock A. M. on the 25 h of August, at the head if the Young Guard. 100,000 French comraiQ-. ded by htm aud by the most distinguished Gene, rals of the age, passed the Elbe at 3 o'clock P.M.' on the same day, to accept the battle which the coalition of all Europe offered to the hero. - Words cannot descr.be the incomparable cour-, age with which the two armies fought, ThePrus-a sians, animated by an enthusiasm unfelt till now even by ihe veterans of their army, made une qualled efforts. The days of Auerstadt and Jena were io be effaced by the heroism of this day. The suburb of the town were taken and retaken; mounds of the dca'd choked up by the passage. The army of the coalition consisted of 140,000 men that of Napoleon of 100,000. The battle was re-commenced on the 27th of August. Tho Emperor as indefatigable in labor as he was trans, cendeot io genius, passed and repassed in front of bis army encouraging his troops, while the ene mies' balls flew thick around him; but the de cree of divine Providence forbade them to touch, the man of the age ; and at nearly 2 o'clock in the afternoon the allies beat a retreat. The bloody cannonade ceased to destroy the combattants. The Emperor Napoleon, always at the head of his van guard, drew up his horse in front of a bat-, tery of the Young Guard. His quick eye desert-, ed upon a summit of a small hill in front of tho line a group of the hostile generals engaged io reconnoitering the French position. With the ra pidity of lightning the Emperior, wheeling his borse toward the commandant of the battery .shout-, ed, "Drive away these generals from the face of ray array !" The 6hot flew, and Moreau, the Con queror of Hohenlinden, (Dec. 3d,,1800) with Rus sian epaulettes on iis shoulders, fell mortally wounded. A general consternation siezed the al lies. Moreau was carried to Dohna where he un derwent amputation, and died at Laun, in Bohe mia, Sept. 2, 1813. . ' f The next morning a chasseur of the King of Saxony found a large dog, which he brought into, the Major General of the Grand Army. Le Prince de Neufchatel, had the dog shown to the Emperor. On the collar of the animal were these words "I belong to General Moreau.'- By this accident, the news got abroad that Moreau was mortally wounded., After the action, the Emperor visited, at Dohna, the chamber where a French General who fought against his country perished! Hero of Hohenlinden ! What was thy meeting with the "first grenadier of France" Latour D' Auveergne (his heart is still here) who ''died on the feld of honor at Hohenlinden !" such Waa the answer to tne roil can, Dy an oracer oi tuo grenadiers, when the name ot that brave soldier, who bore tbe title of "Le Premier Grenadier de France" was pronounced. i . 1 . The hattle ot Dresden was one of the most inH portant duiing the campaign of 1813 The Em peror of Russia and the King of Prussia were a isted in person by the Generals, Moreau ' and Swarzenburgh. The French took 13,000 pris oners; the allies lost during the two days 30,000 killed and wounded.' The French loss was 10,' 000 wounded and 6.000 killed. ' ; ' H General Latour Mauboargh, Marshal Victor and the King' of Naples, Mural) at the head of the French and Saxou Cavalry, wrought wbndere on that day. so glorious in the annals of France, and contributed greatly to transfer their names td a grateful posterity. To this brief narration of the hattle, maybe ad-' ded an incident illustrative of the personal cour-' age of Napoleon. . . Marshal Davoust, on entering Dresden, had caja- cd one of the pilasters and two of the arches of the bridge to be demolished. On his arrival, Napole- on ordered the. bridge to be repaired without de lay. The Mojor General of the grand army, ob-1 served to hitn that it was a difficult work and would require considerable time to accomplish if. The Emperor replied: "Very well! we will pass over it to-morrow !" The pontooniers and engi neers were immediately' set at work repairing the bridge. Napoleon came among ihem, took a chair and seated himself in the midst of the work"' men, superintending and encouraging them, while the enemy's balls fell on all sides around bim;" menacing his destruction. Berthier (Prince de ? Neufchatel,) observing the imminent danger to' which ihe Emperor was exposing himself,' care fully approached him and remarked to him in.' a ' low voice, ihat his position exposed him to great personal peril and suggested the propriety of his J withdiawincr to a more secure place. Napoleon,7 with a perfectly tranquil air, turned to him and io.:' a loud distinct tone of voice that wa heard by all: ' around him, replied. "Ah, veiy well. Berthier,' if -you are afraid, retire !" The Emperor did not a quit hi place, and the next day the bridge finished and the army passed over to attack the'1 Liicmv. PotroU Advertiser. ' ' " !'K'