OUK LIBERTY AND HAITIXESS AS A NATION ABE IX OUR OWN KEEPING, IF THEY ARE EVER SACRIFICED IT WILL BE ON THE ALTAR OF PARTY SPIRIT, AT THE INSTANCE OF DESIGNING AMBITION AND BY OCR OWN HANDS. -'V I
YPSILANTI, (MICH) WEDNESDAY OCT. 1, 1845.
IN UMBER 3G.
... . Til K
.!.Wdl be published everj Wednesday, at Ypsilanti
Washtenaw Co. Michigan,
fft, ; CHARLES WOODRUFF.
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
To Subscribers who pay in advance
To who delay till after
three months, '
. RATES OF ADVERTISING..
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Executed with nearness and dispatch at this Office.
From the St. Louis Reveille.
f COME OUT TO THE WEST
Come forth from your cities, come out to the west ;
Ye have hearts, ye have hands, leave to nature t he rest.
The praire, the forest, the stream at command
The world is too crowded,' pshaw come and take land
Not only that labor reward may not find ;
Tis the curse of distinction that curbeth the mind;
Tia the lack of the sunrise, the breese of the hill,
The glorious thought ' Tis my own land I till. '
Disease in he garret, dim cellars of crime ;
Corruption's foul alleys, theft famine and slime ;
Oh linger not, poor man fiy swiftly and far;
Oh, caves ot the desert, thrice happy ye are !
Come travel the mountain, and paddle the stream ;
The cabin shall smile, and the corn-patch shall gleam;
A wife aud six children 'tis wealth in your hand !
Your ax and your rifle out West and take land !
A Teuncssee Doorkeeper.
- I BI S0I SMITH.
In the summer of 1833 (the second cholera year)
I traveloJ across the couutry Com Cincinnati.
ihmnrrli IvontufL-v. Riist Thiii'ikh. North Carolina
nrl .QiMik f?unliiia int.i Itmraia. with a small I
party of recruits for my southern theatres. At
Greenville, "EasfTeutiessee, we made a hail and
determined to treat the inhabitants of that beautifu I
village, with three representations of the 'legita
mate drama, ' in a carpenter thop hastily bui taste
fully Sued up for the occasion.
, Tne first repre sentalion was atteodad by six!
people, making the total receipts of the first eve
ning three dollars.
My landlord, the carpenter, attributed the slim
attendance to a camp meeting, that was in success
ful operation about two miles from town, and reck
oned ifl would hold on until that broke up, Isho'd
have full shops every night.
Thus urged, we held on and our next perfor
anco was rewarded with a receipt, iu cash, of two
dollars and a half. "
.. I proposed to decamp the next morning, but the
printer of the Greenville Expositor, (who was on
the free list of course.) remonstrated against this,
urging that a third perioral inc must be successful,
ar it was cm tain the camp meeting whuid break up
that morning, and the young people all return to
, I yielded and advertised for 'positively the last
performance,' the play of William Tell, a favorite
afterpiece, and a lot of comic songs.
At the time of beginning, I was glad to find a
crowded audience in waiting the shop, work
bench and all. was literaly crammed. One of the
carpenter's apprentices whom I had transformed
into a citizen of Altorf for the occasion, told me thai
alt but five or six of the people in front, were reli
gious foi'ks who bad attended the camp meeting
faithfully to its conclusion.
The performance proceeded ; the actors were
in high spirits. Lyne (afterward a celebrated el
ber of the Mormon church) bellied Gesler with
great fierceness; Sarnani whacked the carpenter's
apprentice with a hearty good will, while the lat
ter was making a bow to the Governor's cap on a
t pole five feet and a half high the arrow, aimed
' at the apple on Alberts head, flew into the , horse
blanket ,and held up as a target, behind the scenes
and the play was received with shouts of satisfac
tion by the Greenvillians. The farce was hon.
ored by peal on peal of laughter, while the comic
songs were doubly encored, evejy one of them.
1 1 be entertainment over, I observed a reluctance
ia' the audience to departthey wanted another
song. 1 gave them one. Siiil they remained as
if glued to their seals. 1 went before the curtain
and thanked the ladies and gentlemen for their pat
ronage, and informed them that the performance
had concluded, they did not move, they wanted
yet another song. 1 gave them another, and a
gain told them the performance was over, intima
ting at the same time that the stage carpenter was
waiting to take down Ihe scenery. A gentleman
in the gallery ,(the workbench) here addressed me
as follows; ? Mr. Sol. Smith : Sir I have been
requested to express to you the unanimous wish
of this meeting, that you will prolong your season.
The liberal patronage bestowed upon you this eve
ning must hare convinced you that we can make
something of a : turnout here ; and I feel . author
ised to say that if you will give us a performance
to morrow night, you shall have another house as
, crowded as this. ' ;
.A murmur of applause ran through the audience
confirming the opinion oflbc speaker, and I was
greatly tempted to yield to their wishes; but be
thinking me of some Appointments for towns far
ther south, I was obliged to decline the invitation
of toy kind auditors and content myself with the
eighty or ninety dollars winch I supposed had been
contributed that night to my ways and means.
Finding me determined, the audience gradually
dispersed each, individual casting wistful and side,
lyr.g glances toward the stage, which by this time
was beginning to be dismantled.
Motioning the doorkeeper to follow me into a
sort of shed adjoining the theatre, I proceeded too
pen the ticket box iu his presence, while he sat
down on a bench in the corner to wait for his wa
ges. I found seven tickets in the box, and turn
ing to the waiting doorkeeper, who was busily en
gaged chewing tobacco, and spitting, I asked bim
what he had done with the rest.
They are all thar 1 be replied, with great com
posure, looking intently at a beam in the shed, and
rocking his right knee, which he held in his clench
ed hands, and raised about halfway from the floor
to his chiu.
All where?' was the very natural question I
In the box where ynu told me to put 'em, he
answered, still eyeing the heatn or rafter.
'I find but teven here,' I remarked, I want to
know where are the tickets for ihe 160 or 180
people 1 saw in the house to night. '
I tell you again they are all thar, sir,' he an
swered sturdily; and 1 allow 't wont be 6afe for
no man to insinuate any thing agin my character,'
he continued, releasing his knee and taking a very
large quid of tobacco irom a rusty steel box. aud
cramming it into his mouth.
'I do not wish to insinuate any thing against your
character' said I soothingly ; but I want to know
what yju have done with the tickets.
They are thar,3 he again alleged -'every one
of 'em thar, no one has passed me without giving
me a ticket, and they are all thar. '
I bfgan to get a little pettish, and asked the to
bacco chewer to explain himself. 'There were
nearly 200 people in tne house,' I urged.
Thar war full tha,' he admitted.
Well then,' I enquired finally, where are the
tick Is? will you explain the mystery ?'
My friend the, tobacco chewing dooi keeper, re
newed his grasp on his raised knee, deliberately
withdrew his eyes from the rafter, and fixing them
half closed upon mine, at length afforded the de-
tired explanation thus :
You engaged me to keep your door: and I
performed my doolies to the best of my abilities.
for which you are indebted to me three dollars and
I want my money. No person has passed me
without a ticket my character is above suspicion
and no one must say nothing agin it.'
My gd friend ' I ventured to say, I don't wish
to say nothing against '
No, 1 should think not you'd belter not.' he
continued. for I'm too well known here, ; well as
I was a sayiu, you employed me as doorkeeper'
I had nothing to do with the winders, and that's
whar your hundred and eighty people come in ;
you tarnal fool to leave em open, when there war
sich a crowd comin from camp meeiiu'!
I paid the fellow his three dollars and the next
day was on my way to the warm springs in ihe
famous county of Buncombe, where they raise the
largest peaches, and the yellowest children in all
Germany. The able European correspondent
of tho Philadelphia Gazette, to whose pen we are
often indebted, writing under date of Antwerp Aug.
17lh, fully confirms all we have published, from
time to time, from the Paris papers, respecting the
unsettled state af Germany, and the prospect of a
6erjnus outbreak there. The letter quoted says:
" But the quiet progress ot industry and com
merce in Germany, is more than ever threatened
by internal revolutions. It cannot bo denied that
the religious quarrels of the new Catholic and pro
testant dissenters, linked as they are with political
demands for freedom, are becoming more formi
dable; especially on the Rhine, in Silesia, and in
the Northeastern provinces of Prussia. Secret so
cities and clubs arejspringing up all over Germa.
ny, and the Prussian Capital itself, is the head
quarters of the communists. Germany is approach
ing a crisis which will shake all Europe with its
consequences. The king of Prussia's progress
through his domimods, was everywhere gloomy
in the extreme. At Cologne a few loyalists de
manded permission to serenade him, and to ar
range a torchlight procession, but their number
was so Fmall that it was thought best for the king
to decline, to prevent an open failure. The ex
pelling of two deputies from the dutchy of Baden,
has excited a feeling of indignation all over Ger
many, and the Diets of the Southren States have
been more stormy than in 1833 when the people
were supposed nearest a revolution. The Ger
mans are now without tne liberty of the press as
they were in 1833 when ihe Southern Slates en
joyed that boon. The country has become so well
educated that even with a shackled press the peo
ple understand esch other, aud are preparing for
for a general opposition. The trouble arising in
the political constellation of Germany, may for a
while, inpede the progress of industrial develope
ment, but it will be only for a moment, and be fol.
lowed by a more congenial legislation or the sub
The Better Way. The sons of the poor die
rich, while the sons of the rich die poor! What
encouragement to toil through life, , acquiring
wealth to ruii our children! Butler to use our
money as we go along educate our boob secure
their virtue by habits of industry and study, and
let them take care of themselves. . . " ,
Iiabor iu New York.
ITS CIRCUMSTANCES, CONDITIONS AND BEWABDS.
Dress making business is divided into several
very distinct branches. First there are the large
expensive establishments patronized by no body
but wealthy and aristocratic ladies, and in which
the principal does nothing but the smiling and
bowing, the putting off of impatient customers,
the patching up of broken promises. &c. while
a foreman is employed at a salary of $5 to 87 per
week to cut, fit and measure. This process is
not done as with the tailors by a single mearure
ment and subsequent calculation ; but each cus
tomer has to be fitted and measured in a process
not much less fatiguing, we should think, than sit
ting for one's protrait. And yet we have heard
of ladies who seemed actually to find pleasure in
In the spring, early Summer, Autumn and win
ter seasons these fashionable establishments are
crowded with work, to an almost inconceivable
extent. Every few days the windows of some
leading shop in Broadway display some new fig
ure or style of dress, (perhaps adroitly kept back
from the left over stock of a former season,) which
creates of course a positive necessity for every la
dy in the city having the slightest claims to being
considered one of the "Upper Ten Thousand" to
have a dress from the new article of '"so desira
ble a style." Of course, too, nobody but Mrs. '
or 'Madame ' could make a dress U to be seen,
although neither of them ever put a stitch or a
pair of scissors into her customers' material. But
every fashionable lady must have it in her power
to say that her dress teas made at such or
such a well known establishment. This occa
sions a grand rush to the popular Dress-rraking
concerns, and work is frequently engaged three
or four weeks ahead by them. They charge
slashing prices, which are paid without grumbling,
(sometimes people who beat down little barefoot
girls in the price of matches for the cake of 'econ
omy' and to avoid foolishly squandering their hus
bands' money.') Almost all of these establish
ments realize immense profits, and iheir proprie
tors frequently acquire fortunes in the course of a
But the industrious Journey women whose busy
fingers plied incessantly from morning to night,and
often late into the night, 'on account of the hurry
ing season,' do the work for which her mistress
gets so extraviganlly paid how is it with her ?
She is employed by the week, and very often
works fifteen or sixteen hours out of the twenty
four, with scarcely an in'ermission long enough
to swallow her food. Her toil, too, is of the most
unhealthy and destructive character, bending con
stantly with her chest doubled up in one position ;
and she does not dare to seek for relaxation lest
she should lose her place. Well for this she
gets 2 50 per week, sometimes; oftner but $2, and
we have evidence that many of them receive but
81 25. Just before New Year's, or for some
great parly or soiree somtimes these the fashiona
ble establishments are piled lip-deep with the gor.
geous silks and satins and costly embroidered
evening.dresses of their aristocratic customers,
which must be done by a certain time ; and in
order to effect it the workmen are coaxed, driv
en and stimulated by every imaginable artifice
to push their work ahead. They sometimes eat
in the chair in which they sew, and then fall to
work again, continuing all night long, on extra
ordinary occasions, to work without sleep or rest.
Thty are few of them healthy looking, nor can we
see how they manage to prolong life at all. Dys
pepsia, Consumption, Liver-complaint, would seem
to be tne inevitatle reward of their mode of labor
The making of a dress, in the present era of
fasnionable refinement, requires talent and artifi
cial skill of rather a high order; and a few girls i
ot more than ordinary intelligence, by their dex
ity and the "style" they are enabled to impart to
their work, (which is simply genius employing it
self unworthily) command much better prices.
They generally, however, either become err
ployers themselves or take in work on their own
account ; and the exceptions to the stale of things
we have described are rare.
Another class of Dress. makers are those who
go out by the day. They are far more independ
ent and better paid than the Journey women n the
largo establishments, and are frequently employ
ed by wealthy people. They are also often en
gaged by the better aud more pretentions among
wives ot Mechanics and the great Middle Class,
who ape aristocracy so far as they by utmost and
constant struggle and agony are able. Many, al.
so, of course need help in their sewing; and alto.
gelher, there is room in New York for one hun
dred or one hundred and fif'y good Dress-makers
to be constantly employed in this way. ' They re
ceive from five shillings to seventy five cents and
even 81, per day, besides their board ; and we do
not see why more women who can sew well and
understand cutting and fitting dresses do not go in
to this branch of the business. To succeed in it,
however, requires real - skill and knowledge of
their profession, aud some little time to become
known. . Families dislike to change their dress
maker as much as their physician ; and good dress
makers have often to be engaged three or four
weeks beforehand. - '.
Beside the Journey women and Apprentices em
ployed iu the larger establishments, there are hun
dreds of females in all parts of the City who take;
in work at their own house, and support them
selves (and very often their families) by making 1
dresses for all prices, from $1 to 82 and 83. j
Sevant girls seldom make their own dresses, and
scarcely ever pay over 81 apiece. There are ten
thousand servant girls in the City, who havo from
three to six aud eight new dresses per year.
Some idea therefore can he formed of the extent
of this cheap Dress-making; and when we state
that it is two davs' work to make tUe plainest
dress now worn we can come near the amount of
the compensation, which, with steady work, would
probably average from three to four dollars per
week. - v
We have as yet said nothing of the apprentice
system adopted in this business, which is quite as
bad as any other part of it. A girl wishing to
learn dress making must first pay 810 or $15 to
the employer and work six months for nothing
boarding herself during ibis time, oi she can
avoid the $10 or $15 initiation by working a year
instead of six months fur nothing. If there is a
great press of work, the apprentices ff course are
kept closlBt sewitii; the pla:n seams in a dress
(which they already understand) "until the hur
ry is over;" and as this "hurry" generally lasts
two thirds of tho year, the opportunities fur lear
ning the trade are by no means Mich as they ought
to be. - A large proportion loo of apprentices are
not competent to learn readily if at all any thing
but plain sowing ; and thus at the end of six
months' during which Ihey have worked hard and
boarded themselves, paying $10 to $15 for the
privilege, not more than one third r one quarter
turn out good dress makers. -Tribune.
Said Stiggins to his wife one day,
"We've nothing left to eat; .
If things go on in this queer way.
We shan't mak? both ends meet "
The dame replied, in discreet words,
We're not so badly fed,
If wo can make but one end meat, .
And make the other bread."
A correspondent, speaking f the increase of im
moral books, relates ihe following story :
It is to be regretted that some Book Offices the
proprietors of which profess high moral and reli
gious principles, should have first commenced the
publicatiou of these injurious works on this side
the Atlantic and thus set the example for others of
less strict pretensions, to flood the country with
the pernicious works of the worst schools. But
in every attempt to seive God and Mammon, in
the end, Mammon becomes the ruling Divinity.
We give the following aneccdote to illustrate the
beginning of that passion, whose motto is, 'make
the most of every thing.
One of these establishments, some twenty four
years ago, then just beginning to feel the impulse
of the tide which has bome it to such an unparal
leled eminence of fortune, was engaged in pub
lishing the works of the great Wizard of the north.
They had no competitors save at Philadelphia,
where a publishing house, every whit their match
io book diplomacy, occasionally managed to anti
cipate them in the publication of an anxiously ex.
pected work. On one of these occasions, tvhen
both of these establishments were in possession of
a copy at the same moment 2 vols. 12mo. $1,25
per vol. it became a matter of some consequence
to be the first io the markets The New York of
fice received the copy, Peveril of the Peak ' at 9
o'clock on monday morning. Every muscle was
put in requisition for twenty four hours; beer crack-
era and cheese were supplied to tne workman ou
ring the night and at ten o'clock on Tuesday mor
ning the book was published in two volumes bouna
It was the quickest work ihat had ever been done
in the printing line in this country it was also
proportiosablv profitable. The senior partner, of
the Firm was in extacies, as was natural, not only
an account of the reputation won, but other winnig
more tangible and equally lustrous. lie tell tnat
he owed something to his workmen, tor tne glory
and prosperity which so suddenly surrounded him
and cast about, as was right and proper, how best
to do the right thing. Passing along the various
lines of stands, with a smile upon his gratified fea.
tures which has not left them to I his day, be prais
ed their performance. 'My lads, you hare sur
passed my expectations you have actually per
formed wonders. You have not only beaten Phil,
adelphia. a rival city, but you have got out a work
vuickar than was ever yet done in England.
Ymi ilp.prvn tn ha rewarded and encouraged, and
you shall be, one and all, you shall have a copy
at half price.! Tribune.
The idle levy a very heavv tax upon the indus
trious, wnen by frivolous visitations they rob them
of their time. Such persons beg their happiness
frym door to door, as beggars lhir daily bread.
and like themselvs sometimes meet with a rebuff.
A mere gossip ought not to wonder if we evince
signs that we are tired of him, seeing that we are
indebted to the honour of his visit, solely to the cir
cumstance of being tired of himself.' He sits xt
home until j he has accumulated an insupportable
load of ennui, and he sallies forth to distribute it a
moogst all hisniiainianrM.
: "Truth crushed to earth will rise again." . It
is not so with eggs generally speaking.
StrictConstruction. Some genius has been
construeing the new Post Office La w m a way !
ihat would rejoice the heart of a Virginia Abstrac
tionist. The law says that single letters may be
conveyed "for any' distance under three hundred
miles, ten cents. Those letters that are sent a
distance neither over nor under, but just three
hundred miles, of course go free ! So that every
one who lives just three hundred miles from any
other body has the franking privilege ! ! ,
Battle of Dresden, Aug.2Sth andZltk Id .3.
BT AN EYE WITNESS.
Dresden, the Capital of Saxony, is one of the
most beautiful cities of Germany, standing on the
bank of tne Elbe, and presenting a magnificent
view with its bridge of stone and the beautiful fa
cade of the Catholic Church. - . v
From the 12th of .August this city presented
one grand field ol Battle, on which the fate of
Europe was to be decided. Tne genius of the
Emperor Napoleon foresaw clearly ihe impor
tance of this position. The occupation of Dree-,
den was, in respect tn its military situation, the
occupation of Geimmy. and if the d fferent bat
tles iu its vicinry,i(i which the glory of the French:
arms was so striking, had terminated in favor of
the French, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, aud Wr-
saw would have been re-taken by ihem. Napo
leon made his eutry into Dresden at half past'nioe'
o'clock A. M. on the 25 h of August, at the head
if the Young Guard. 100,000 French comraiQ-.
ded by htm aud by the most distinguished Gene,
rals of the age, passed the Elbe at 3 o'clock P.M.'
on the same day, to accept the battle which the
coalition of all Europe offered to the hero. -
Words cannot descr.be the incomparable cour-,
age with which the two armies fought, ThePrus-a
sians, animated by an enthusiasm unfelt till now
even by ihe veterans of their army, made une
qualled efforts. The days of Auerstadt and Jena
were io be effaced by the heroism of this day.
The suburb of the town were taken and retaken;
mounds of the dca'd choked up by the passage.
The army of the coalition consisted of 140,000
men that of Napoleon of 100,000. The battle
was re-commenced on the 27th of August. Tho
Emperor as indefatigable in labor as he was trans,
cendeot io genius, passed and repassed in front of
bis army encouraging his troops, while the ene
mies' balls flew thick around him; but the de
cree of divine Providence forbade them to touch,
the man of the age ; and at nearly 2 o'clock in
the afternoon the allies beat a retreat. The bloody
cannonade ceased to destroy the combattants.
The Emperor Napoleon, always at the head of
his van guard, drew up his horse in front of a bat-,
tery of the Young Guard. His quick eye desert-,
ed upon a summit of a small hill in front of tho
line a group of the hostile generals engaged io
reconnoitering the French position. With the ra
pidity of lightning the Emperior, wheeling his
borse toward the commandant of the battery .shout-,
ed, "Drive away these generals from the face of
ray array !" The 6hot flew, and Moreau, the Con
queror of Hohenlinden, (Dec. 3d,,1800) with Rus
sian epaulettes on iis shoulders, fell mortally
wounded. A general consternation siezed the al
lies. Moreau was carried to Dohna where he un
derwent amputation, and died at Laun, in Bohe
mia, Sept. 2, 1813. . ' f
The next morning a chasseur of the King of
Saxony found a large dog, which he brought into,
the Major General of the Grand Army. Le
Prince de Neufchatel, had the dog shown to the
Emperor. On the collar of the animal were these
words "I belong to General Moreau.'- By this
accident, the news got abroad that Moreau was
mortally wounded., After the action, the Emperor
visited, at Dohna, the chamber where a French
General who fought against his country perished!
Hero of Hohenlinden ! What was thy meeting
with the "first grenadier of France" Latour D'
Auveergne (his heart is still here) who ''died
on the feld of honor at Hohenlinden !" such Waa
the answer to tne roil can, Dy an oracer oi tuo
grenadiers, when the name ot that brave soldier,
who bore tbe title of "Le Premier Grenadier de
France" was pronounced. i . 1
. The hattle ot Dresden was one of the most inH
portant duiing the campaign of 1813 The Em
peror of Russia and the King of Prussia were a
isted in person by the Generals, Moreau ' and
Swarzenburgh. The French took 13,000 pris
oners; the allies lost during the two days 30,000
killed and wounded.' The French loss was 10,'
000 wounded and 6.000 killed. ' ; ' H
General Latour Mauboargh, Marshal Victor
and the King' of Naples, Mural) at the head of
the French and Saxou Cavalry, wrought wbndere
on that day. so glorious in the annals of France,
and contributed greatly to transfer their names td
a grateful posterity.
To this brief narration of the hattle, maybe ad-'
ded an incident illustrative of the personal cour-'
age of Napoleon. . .
Marshal Davoust, on entering Dresden, had caja-
cd one of the pilasters and two of the arches of the
bridge to be demolished. On his arrival, Napole-
on ordered the. bridge to be repaired without de
lay. The Mojor General of the grand army, ob-1
served to hitn that it was a difficult work and
would require considerable time to accomplish if.
The Emperor replied: "Very well! we will pass
over it to-morrow !" The pontooniers and engi
neers were immediately' set at work repairing the
bridge. Napoleon came among ihem, took a
chair and seated himself in the midst of the work"'
men, superintending and encouraging them, while
the enemy's balls fell on all sides around bim;"
menacing his destruction. Berthier (Prince de ?
Neufchatel,) observing the imminent danger to'
which ihe Emperor was exposing himself,' care
fully approached him and remarked to him in.' a '
low voice, ihat his position exposed him to great
personal peril and suggested the propriety of his J
withdiawincr to a more secure place. Napoleon,7
with a perfectly tranquil air, turned to him and io.:'
a loud distinct tone of voice that wa heard by all: '
around him, replied. "Ah, veiy well. Berthier,' if -you
are afraid, retire !" The Emperor did not a
quit hi place, and the next day the bridge
finished and the army passed over to attack the'1
Liicmv. PotroU Advertiser. ' ' " !'K'
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