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YF3ILANTI. WEDNE3D.VY.OCT. 21, 1815. Terms $1,50 Cash in Advance, Democratic Whig "Nomination. ' . . ' . FOH GOVERNOR, STEPHEN VICKERY ; i- Of K a lama 200. IIKUT." GOVERNOR - JOHN M. LAMB, ' V " Of Lpecr. rORSBN.iTK 2d DISTRICT. IRA JENNINGS. . FOB BEPRRSKHTATlYES. J. 1. EDMUNDS. YpUantU ORRIN PARSONS, Saline, HARVEY CIlUrtR. Ann Arbor, J. G. LELAND. NorthjirU. P. C.JI. BROTH KRSON, Manchester DARIUS PIERCE. Lima. .Tub Nominations.- As far as we have learn. A ih-, T PirUlative nomioations of our opponent ed the Legislative nominations 01 our oijj.ou ik.w r rKnr.irlrrUfd bv these liCCuIiaritieS. Is' The "candidates are entirely unpledged. If llm conventions nominating them pass any resolutions, it is evidently done not lo influence the conduct of lhe members elect, but lo meet and satisfy public opinion sufficiently lo procure votes. 2d Every convention seems to be packed by a clique, even where cliques he not before been known to exist. We give this not on our own au tority but receive it from candid members of that party. Ul tho Waah-enaw no mnations, we ire II acquainted, and scarcely were these made, be fore we were informed of thi same management in Wayne, and the last Poiuiac Gazette contains a protest of a number r.f lhe members of the Dem neratie convention in Oakland against the evident intrigue and management visible there. , .. j .: .1.. l. ou, in me aiu?reia ueirgauuuB hick, win w . generally found one man capable of leading his colleagues, while the others are thrown in appa. . rentiy merely to supply the number of votes, and -these leaders are known to be men not by any meant scrupulous in regard to their political cour se. ' Place all these facts together and to what conclusion do they bring us? Plaiuly ibis, thct the State has been canvassed by a "regency" the convention packed, the plans cu' and dried to cheat the people into voting for. uieir nominees, supposing every thing to be fair, and after election farwell to all hopes that the wiihc of the people. L I . I . . I U .fR lntt , or angii eise eavo me iniers am um-w " ders should be cared for. We Irost that every vo ter, whatever his party name may he, will exam ine this matter thoroughly. .tt t r i . - f - ureas rreemen, orcaK me talisman oi a uaujr , name. The measures proposed by the party tyt- ing themselves whigs, and to which they have pledged eve.y candidate they have nominated, do not necessarily partake of the peculiar shades of opinion, which characterises the two parties. They think a reduction of pay and salaries is re quired by the condition of the S:ate. Now if a Democrat" thinks so too, is he less or more democratic, if ho express his opinio;! by his vote? ' The whigs think that a reform in the judici'iry is npcessary. if a democrat thinks so loo, may he not vote so without losing his standing as a Democrat, or mu9t he, to be a democrat, be the lave of a party name? Si of every other meas ure. ''Principles not men" is n good motto, but "principles not names" would have been of moro essential service lo iho country. ; Items. Connecticut, a Whi? Staio, has just abolished the property qualification when will the Democatic States of Virginia aad New Hampshire follow the example? Tbe Batavia Timef of the 4ih, says that the email pox prevailed to aq alarmiug extent, in the naighboring Til lage of Alexander. Twbtr four cases and three deaths hrd occurred at that date. The amount of toll on the Soatbren Railroad, daring las: September, was $12. 643,43. flow much on the Central, the powers that be do not deign to inform us With the conviction noiic'd . in another place, the anti-rcn: trials, in Delaware Co. cease. 0a the 1st Inst, the remainder of tne prisoners Were permitted to plead guilty to crimes of various de. vrnna. and throw therrse!vea on the mere of the Court. Some wero lightly fined, and some discharged on their own recognisances to keep the peace, while the indict, ments of others are to left as to render ihem Halle to sentence should tLey be guilty furtherof misdemeanors. The Delate art Exprett Urns depicts the effect of this unexpected leniency on the prisoners. : " it was enough to melt a heart of adamant to see ids poor misguided men and boy, as one afier another t ey were brought before the court, many of them men of families, souie havirc two, and some as many as seven children depen dent upon them for support, not knowii g what was to be their fate, feeling in tli-sir hearts that they had no right to expect mercy from the violated laws of their country.' Cut it was pleasing to witness the feelings f gratitude and penitence on lhe part of most of ihem as unexpected mercy was extended M their cases. ' The trickling tear.' lhe stifled sob, the signs ofgraU'nde, the consciousness of past errors, and determination to do better horealter, depicted in the countenances of ma. ny of them oherdd an earnest of tneir becoming good citizens hereafter and satisfied all present of the wiso and judicious, as welt as . merciful dirpcsitiou ot the court in allowing the tide of mercy to now freely on.' ': ' 7 We hope that this example may teach the Adminis. - trators of law the proper mode of proceeding in similar . esses in future. Paradoxical as it may seem, clemency and pusilanimity are often Identical, being nothing more than ljeiency shown under different circumstances. Before the law has shown. its power, leniency is treated with taunt aad insul', let i:s arm be telt, and the same Irave spirits are melted into tears, and admire its lofty ' magnanimity, if but a lithe of its weight be abated. In tbe present case leniency is well timed, though proper seventh was used rather late. Kentucky Legislature, - Senate. Whigs 24, Dem's 14. Rep. Whigs, 62 D's 3d A mutiny occured on boasd the Brig Oscar, of Sag " Harbor, at Isle Grande on the 27h of August. . It was ' arelled by the death of the ringleader. The remainder were arrested and will doubtless be sent home for trial. When one is temjited buy an article, more ex pen. site than bo ein afford, tor the sake of looks;' it 'wou1dtirpnse?,o 'h''fn iaid,jind fir wiiaf service'. - be well first to cousider, what per cent such an invest- i Now let us compare the pay of our Rppreseuta ment will yield. J lives with ihut ofr.ur '.own officers. The firi-t are ' Vt ' ' , ( r called from home and are on expenses daily from 'Navigation of the HruoN. We are happy j.. , ,i, u ..:i ....... m, to able l: inform our reader that this Wrarkcon.i.i.,, 'llol entitled h iho .inii nrivilecro as m'pmhpr - . . , . - ( : - - . e titities to excite increasing interest in cot commu.jtf Congress to tend their cloths home to-wash & nity. The manifest inadequacy of the Railroad j h ive them returned by mail. They not only pay , . , -,, - , their own wash bill but their, own postage which 3 . ... . . . .. . has awakened a desire among our farmers, hilh erlo unfel", to avail themselves of other, better and cheaper modes of transportation. Besides this; there is a very general distrust of the future man agement of lite road. The past conduct of the of. riceraofthe Statu leaves little to hope from that source, white a sale of the road seems like pass isg lo " evils that they know not of ; hence the general expression in this vicinity is, " let us have the. slack water navigation to Gibraltar and then ut all eventa, tee are safe." The stockhoideti of the Gibraltar and Flat- Rock proiterty miy rest assured that the present is a most opportune moment for re-ccmrnenciug their suspended woik, ui.d rendering their stock valuable. Subscription insecure the payment of line interest on a considerable poition of the esti mated cost of the woik be ween this place and the Rock, havu already been taken, and we are con-1, , .. rr . ,mt,11, :a ,.,,irt I fident that the inoment an rraiigemeiit is made w ills the company, by which the work can be i speedily and certainly completed, the w ho'.e am'otit ol interest, and much more if necessary, might be secured. The w hole work, by letting it in small contract., can be completed in less than a year. Tbctei? no doubt that it will pay its own interest when done. Let it bu understood that subscribers will be called upon (or one year's interest only, or, to mee: any possible contingency, for two at most, and there are enough of those who are able and willing to take lhe responsibility, to make the av. erage amount of cajh the merest trifle. Let tho woik progrets sy we. , CCrThe YpsUauit (feoerui) Sentinel. Free Press. It is unnecessary to quote further. That Utile word 'federal' comprises ull tVc argument we have seen in the Free Press, since its new editor -was called from Ohio, Mio look after the interests of the Demoaratic party in the State of Michigan."- What force it may have in other cases we know not,but think we understand it wlienjpplied to our selves.- The present constitution is called the "Federal constiiusion, we heartily support l ; wc are in this sense a F. derahst. The General Gov ernme:t is htyled the 'Federal'"' government, we ever expect lo lend what aid we can lo support the principles in w hich it is founded, in this sense tno we are a Federalist. As far as the Cons Uu tion is "federal" wc are "federal," as far as it is democratic." we are democratic; for we love and cherish lhe Constitution, are you -Mr. Free Press anv thing else? If you are name it, but d nt exhibit your "freshness" by attempting lo Wind the eves of the Wolverines w ith your sham Back eye 'democracy.' For the Ypsilanli Sentinel. Mr Editor. Sir, Since the word reform which one year ago was hardly sjxiketi or. thought of, hai become the topic of the day, and every one you ask if he is in favor of reform, will reply 'yes we must have reform or we shall beeorne bank rupt we must reduce the salaries of tho Gover nor, Siatj Officers, and members of. the Legisla ture who now receive three dollars per day to fit and do nothing permit me lo say lhat 1 am for reform, and have been for years. And as the newspapers are the best means of infusing knowl edge through tho State, I ask the privilege of yours to make a few remarks expressive of ihe views I have on the subject of reform. 1 think, that ibe reform the people are seeking, is a reduction of taxes, as the expenses of ihe State County and Town, are all paid by a tax on taxable property. It is an old saying, that charity begins ut home. Now let us see if there is any chance for reform in our town expenses, livery township board con sists of four Justices ol the Peace, a Supervisor & lownhiii f-lcik. makiiio in ull tnx. who are allowed ! one dollar per dav lor ihe lime upeuuiii their offi-i cial duties. At the township eieciioo the board charges the towu with six dollars, and sometimes they have a clerk, which adds a dollar more.- Suppose the tj'-vn lo poll two hundred votes, which I think would be a fair average, the voters not on ly spend their tune to go and vote, but there is n tax of thiee cents for every vote lo pay the ex puuses of the board ; but ail the voters are not tax payers, therefire it will increase the amount to 4 or 5 cents .-. Ii may be said that the people, can! go and vote und go home ; but the business is not all done when their vote is put into ihe box ' Ma tty of the officers are elected, and other bjstness done, viva voce after the bx s are closed, . The boaid of inspectors, m the Empire State, is not n'-j lowed anv pay for attending township meetings & 1 think they ought not to bu here. . Our township officers, who receive one dollar per day for servi ces redeured consist of 1 Supervisor, 1 township Clerk, 3 Assessors, 3. high-way Commissioners, 3 School Inspectors, and 2 Ovi rseers of the Poor. With lhe exception of ihe Supervisor (when he attends lhe hoard of Supervisors iu the County) their business is a', I uiiliiu the limits of the town where they may bi ul home etery night, and are at no cash expeucev The exact amount of their wages I do not know, for they are very, careful to kt ep it from the people. I think our town expen ses amount yearly to someu here near $200,Jelii bj more or less, il is added to our taxes. But there is. one item more,. which appears to me very foolish, and entirely useless Each towu Cleik as soon as he is elected, issues his summons loa constable lj go and tell all who are elected to office, which in this town amounts to over 50,'ycnj mu-t come to me and qualify,', when every one was there and knew that be was elected. One cons;able who had performed the duty several I I t I I " r t -L . . ' 1 I times told me be had charged as nigh us $ 8 per trip. .Now if this item was added together through out the State, it would pay a good portion 'of the Gov. 'a salary, but this is all paid without a- mur mur. I would here suggest the idea, that every town Cleik be obliged lo make a report at each towu meeting, cf all tb noney collected for town .IIIJIICI.C lin.) I'lHV llillHII UIHM llirt IClllilla - I I1CT is n small num. Our to wui officers have one dol lar per day and no extra wash, postage, bailor or boot black bill lo pay'.'' Hero is where I think re form ought to bepm, Tke iho town -first, then ine voun y m.u ,e omcers, men u you p.ease, , take tho Judiciary system. I could make some remirk on that if I had time, hut I must close for the present. I hop others, who are more corn - pete.,1 will csplam their viewson the subject of reform. . HARD TIMES. n'riiino Our friend. Hard. Times, is a staunch democrat and, we are afiaid. reads nothing but the papers of his party, else ho could hardly bo ignorant of tho f.ict that " our Representative " last year sad dled their postage, us well as. liquor bills, on the Slate. , ; - . . ... - oino banking system. As the Deonte of Mirhi'tau nro at orespnt nntire. i . . ,. - .7, r dependent on their neighbors fir a currency, we i give an abstract of the new bu king law of Ohio, ! ihit nr-rb nun in 1 ' iiii!it t met it a fur l.itio!f I l or our own part, we consider it jusi uuuiii ou n par with the free banking, and safety fund systems of New York. . The Act provides for a State Bai.k and brnn- tire-, uiiu ii i"" jiviiuvih uaun?. l lit; ":(C";nc amount of stock, in all. ..ol to exceed 86.150 000 ! exclusive of old Banks authorized to continue or , .. ' reimw banking. This s ock is apportioned among the different I distiicl8 of the Statu. No hat. king comoanv of I either kind can consist of less than rive persons. When a company is firmed, lint persons compo sing it, is to certify lo the Board of Commissioners: 1st, Thu namu of the company, which must in- elude lhe naniK of ihe city, village, or town where it is located. 2i Thu munl of capital stock c number of shares. 31. Tho name and place of tcidence of each member, and the number of sh'rs held by .him. 4th. Th.; time when the company t-hali have been foroieti, and that it has elected lo do husiiKSS a an Independent Bank, or as a brench of the State Bunk. Tins ceiiiiicaie must be ac knowledged before ajiisiicu of ihe peace or a no tary public, end recorded iu the Recorder's of fice of ihe county where the Bink is located, in a book to be kept lor thai purpose, and open dining business hours, for general inspection. One copy of this must be m'hI i tin; li uik commissioners, another lo .the Secretary of State who must record ei d preserve it. . . - The capital of no branch of the State Bank to be !ess tiia.u SlOO.OOl), and ol no independent Bank 1 less then SoJ.UOO. l he stock of the State or ol the United Slate, required to be deposired, is no part of the capital .trk of the company required lequired by thu act. At least 31) per rent of ihe capital sock must b p tid io in gold or silver or their equivalent .in Ejtt?m ileposits. nnd at leas: half tins lo be in actual pusses-ion uf the com,!.! ny, before it can go into operation the balance 1 1 be paid in instalment.. Theie are somo excep tions in regard to the amount of Capital otock paid in on th-! same, in par.icular cases mentioned in the net. All lhe above facts, or preliminary Meps, are to he ascertained by the board of Com:iiisiou er., lo have actually taken place as represented in regard to each company, by actual inspection and examination under oath, made by the board or some competent disinterested agent. ' When every ihing is ascertained t be read', the Board certifies to ihe Govcr.or, and the Goveoor, makes public proclimation. The net appoints a number of individuals to act as the Board of Com missioners, but after the first year lhe Auditor, Treasurer add Secretary of Slate are to ' consti tute the Board. It was necessary to slate these preliminaries, but in doing so I have avoided detail as much n- possible- I will now give tho 'leading feature "'"SVIems and, ftrst, o the svitetn, or of the f TUB STATE BNK AND BRANCHES. Each branch elec.'so iu individual to he a mem- 'brofihn Boaik of Control, and the individuals ihus 1 1 c ed constitute the Board. Two or more branches may elect ihe same person, but ho must be a citizen of lhe Uaited Slates, and have been a resideu: of the State t wo years next previous to his election. . .' This Board procures and furnishes to the branch- ts nil notes for circulation--they must be signed by ihe Cashier of the ' Branch thai issues them. It has power to examine all the branches, and to require exhibits of their affeirs as often as U deems expedient, and to compel a branch lo re duce its circulaiioo. No branch to bo allowed a circulation to an amount compared with its capi tal stock paid in and letn li ii.ig iindi iiinisht d, bv loss or otherwise, greater than two to one for the first SI 00.000, one and a half in one fir the sec ond, one and a quarter lo ouo for lhe third, one to one for the fourth, and three fourths to one for all over (our hundred thous m J d dlars. Before ar.y branch can obtain notes it must pay in, or transfer I to ihe board, i i Ohio, If; S. stocks, or cash, an amount equal lo 10 percent n thu circulation re- qnired, to be invested as u sale.y fund, to redeem the 'utiles of any branch failing to redeem them. This safely fund is no part of the capital stock of lhe branch. .Any branch refusing lo pay its notes in gold nnd silver on demand, to be deemed insol vent, its effec's immediately vested in the Board of Control, and its notes to be redeemed by money to ibe provided bv lb-; solvent branches pro rata, and j to be reimbursed from the assets and safety find, J The payment of iho ci:c dation of the branches 'of tho State Bank is thus secured 1st, By the r . , , . , . . . . ' capital siock actually paid in ny ine nrancti issu- lug them. 21. By ihe safety fund of all the bran ches.' 3J. By requiring each branch to stand se curity for all ibe rest. 4lh, By the notes or bills discounted by the branch, for which the paper is issued.. " " '.'..I ; i .. : -; , The Board of Control is a corporatiou calied the Slate Bank of Ohio - independent 'banking CNiiPAXiEsr1,'aT? Before they ran become corporations, must de. posit Ohio.or United States stocks . wjih the trea surer, to mi amount equal to the capital stock ac tually paid in to the Company, and so fast as the stock paid in is .increased the secuities with the Treasurer must ne increased'" A larger' amount amount of stocks may be deposited than the capi tal stock paid in, and circulation obtained therefor. The notes for circulation must be furnished by the Treasurer to each company numbered coun tersigned, and registered, in the Treasurer's office, niiltlhu rl ilea nnA Aiaa romnin in 111 ictnrlir These lolM ,Q oe eXPCUted by lhe prt,8jUent and Casfm.r l(f ,he Com,,any before issued. The to. .., ninmlll, r ,,, ln nill. Mmnailtf. ,., ,n ex,eed ,hreJ time9 ,he ,m,llim f Capira actually t-. . rem:1IIl:M. Mlldimi,.fJ.,v !.. or - -j or other w. si. Any company fiilinff lo redeem its note or. demand, lo ct;ae business nrd the Trea surer to sell storke and redeem ihe notes. .'The Aud.tcr, TiCMfturiT aiid Ser. of State, to cause the a (Tors of $neh company to be thoroughly investiga ted at least o:ir? u year. Tht redemption of i(oti s issued by lhe indepen- I dent B.n.k! is thus fic'iirotl: I. IJv the capital nc I til.illv ii iiil in. 1 Ilv an uitKiimt ill" I lii in i.r f T a i. ' . .- T 7 ,ne "T By the bills and notes discounted, fur which the '' f the Ilu.k are given to cpcuIhIc. The n mount of indehrednes of the stockhold-j ! ers and directors In their respective companies in both kii ds of bank-?, arc limited. The indepen - dent B inks are required to receive c-jch others pi-1 ... . . . . . , I per, while solvent, and each branch the- notes ol : the other branches. These are the leading features of tltn olan of .. , , . .. " -vi- r Ba"k,,,S a " Iul1 Ohi afte er a cnniroversv ol so many jears ou too sulj'ci Tribune. Ftom llie National Pilot Messrs. Editors: Accompanying this, I send you for examination and shew, a sword captured at the battle of New Orleans. It was taken from h dragoon of tne British army, on the day thai j Packenham 'was ki'led. It was presented to me bv William Johnson, of New Orleans a colored man. fohu-i is well known in that city by ihe appellation uf ,'Corpo a'io i Johnson," which he received lr-iii being in th employ of ci'y author- j lies Johnson was an nfTicer of ihe colored regi- ment it tho battle, and was in the special conh- deuce of Gen. Jackson. Whenever n confideh- lia! express was lo be sent, Johnson was selected as Ihe man to enrrv it. In the melee iu which j Packenham was killed, the Jragoou v hi wore the sword was wounded by a discharge of cannon. loosing both legs one h ind having been cut off previously. When (ten. Jackon, presented hi sword, I worn at lhe bi!lli of N'w O leai.s, lo Gen. Arm-I stro g. J.iluist.ii pievniti'd tni swor J to me. Tho! colored re'gtmriit which f .u 'lit at lhe battle, was composed of free ini. It has been said that ttiev ere slaves: hot Johnson inf 4rm d nv that tl.ii was a falsehood. Slaves alone were employ ed in carrying and placing Iho co ton bales, u-ed ! i.i . f- I .t.- : iii no , , . i i .u r i r. I Colored cjniirt.it, b:ing sl.ives, 'heir freedom alter . . . .-, " .i m I hi: b.ittli', wf.icli promise was not ket. Notbe-I , . r . . , i slaves, this was not neeessirv, ana no prom- isu w is made lo the ..lives wh wero employed enij previ his to lhe fighf. ' This Johrison was in lhe position to kuo w, and In; nsuicd ine lhat these statement- as to Gs. Jacksoo. were bas false li.Hxli. Geo- Jaf;so:i vii!d not suffer the xlaves to be on" ihe ground ; he only wishetl free hearts, that Volunteered to defend their country, lo be present. During the past winter, I was at New Orleans, and some persons of lhe colored regiment at the battle, and I kuow "what Johnson informed me inusi be true. He is a man of high character, and universally' respected in New Orleans. Jack son is allot, d Stv nil liio bla' ks of the south, bond ! and free; it was "riiteful to find it so. 1 should be glad t!id (he la ws id' iVuisania permit a free col ored man to reside there, logo to that region fo spend the balance of my davs-among those who leel justly Ihe merits of thoe who honor and de- lend their country, and where 1 would, as 1 would here, if need be. old as I am. draw the sword 1 send you, and whuh I treasure much, iu defence of my coyu rv Yours, res nc fully. HOPE BUTLER - - A strange suicide is mentioned in rhe Pilote des Calvados. - A mason of Brison being uuable. to pay a bill of 852 francs, which ho had indorsed I foi a friend, resolved to kill himself, and jumped into a welt, lie was seen, .aim a rope Deiiig thrown to him a sudden love of life made, him as cnnl ; w hen, just as be win nh uit lo emerge from lhe we!', he heard the voice of hi wife, and ex claiming AU ! Ah ! is it you? Well then adieu!" (!ro( oJ again in ihe well nod was drowned. Stump Candid ite. Morgan' Bates - Esq. presents him-ctf i i our coliiiii'iS this morning to the E'eetnr ..f the First D.s'rict ns an indepen dent c mil date for iho S'ate Senate. Mr. Bates is an old and tried Whig nnd would make an neiive, t fli.'ient and intelligent Senator. Fetv men have labored mre z.-nkiiidy for she cause or Invter deserve the support of the party : The whigs thus fir have m;ide no regular nmn ina'ion, and tdioiild thev 'make nooe, wc shall i cheeifully vote fir Mr. Bates. Adcerlizer. A Ten Strike !" .Her last trip up the Em pire was peopled bv a thousand or more,, and we untleis iind the births on board during the voyage made Jipe additional berllis necessary ! The Em pire against lhe world ! Clereland Herald. Ihe Michigan State Ba .k we understand has . - . oeeii ior some uays in operation under Us new auspices, quietls pursuing the even tenor "of its I way. ' We have not seen any of its bills in circu-! lation. but presume they wiif bye-and-bve make their appo rancu in tbe due course of business. Pel.' Advertiser. - ' - f ' :' ' : . -The Pittsburg American-says that thev had quite a fight i 1 1 he 5th .Ward ou Saturday", night between the natives and the better than Natives," in which the better Natives do not appear to have got the better of the fight. Express. . AKR1V.AX. OF TIIE. CHEAT BRItaiw. ' The steamship Great . BaiTAix has arrived bringing intelligence of rapid rie in the grain mar. kef. . .We are itidebcd to aDufton Atlas Extra fj'r the f Uoviog items: Dy Express exclusively for the Boston Atlas. Atlas Oefice, October 14 1845. We have just received by speeial express from our attentive correspondent at Holmes' Hole cou nectcd with Col. Hatch's New Bedford Express the intelligence that the British Steamship Great Britain arrived at Holme's . Hole. at . one o'clock, yesterday wiih"ihe los of her f jremast.' The Great Britain left Liverpool on the 27tb ult. She experienced very heay heavy gales of wind for the last ten djys, and had run short of coal ' " Pkospect3 of the Crops. The, reports re ceived from the northern parts, of the kingdom speak i:i a very di-ipr:idi:ig tone of the probtb'e effects of iho extreinek' wet a-id boisterous we it li ter expriuKe.l d iring lhe wei k on that portion of crops s ill outstanding. I hat injuiy to an ex tent tlitlicult to he rememoereu at this advanced period of the year has been djnc, is greatly to bs feared and n-iles we have an immediate return of diy weather, the consequence may be seri o. O.ir previous estimate of the probible result of in harvest have therefore, we fear been too fivoora- ble, a id we now apprehend that besides the a'.read- y admitted deficiency in Wheal and Potatoes, tbe crops cf Barley . and 0ts, as wel! as those of f ...in . r i ieans ana iisa, may prove i-.ierior 10 wnai we wero induced to hopci As thrashing is proceeded with, llie complaints of the U heat yield certainly increase ; nor do the' accounts of tr.e quality improve. Whether any immediate udvjnc i of importance will occur in lhe value of wheat will probably de pend in a great measure on the weather but, howevtr auspici us t!ie latter may become, we fell tolerab'y sure that the price of b.e tdstuflf must, later in the year rise materially. Not only is the cro: shirt t.i this cou itry, but j the harvest has been dTective over thu greater part ol contineiitintl Lurope. In Holland and Belgium the fact is so well ascertained that the Government of the former country has deemed it prudent to reduce the duties o:i (train to the min imum point ; whilst ail restrictions on the import of Corn, into Belgium have been removed for a given period. It seems, therefore, that, unless prices advance mateiiaily, in tlm country we are not likelyjo draw any quunnty of wheat from abroad.- Marldane Express. Oiie of the measures wh eh Government may reaseuably he expected to recommend to ihe con sideration of Parliament when it re-asaembles is (the entire remission of all duty o tihe importation jof I.idiau corn. ' At the present the. duty 8s. per quarter, or nearly 5 ) per cenr.oa the original price of the article i i the U.iiu d States. Tro n ail we can learn the corn in America has hc vi unumlly abjnd i:it jhi-i yeaar ; so lhat if lh.it grai.i could bi aduiiitLd into j tins country wi hout duy. the pre.sir upon the poorer class arising from the .-.I,-Jpartial lailure i.i the poia'oe crop. the poia'oe rrop, would be much less ever.-ly f it. Manches er Guardian. I ... .. rr Whatever (rmmties may come from the Unit .VV. V , . i i Sta es, wiilalso find a ready salon this cojtitry ' . ' w , " ,,,c I he re six n year nas ueen remiriiaoie ior a great unceit liuiy iu tho weather, and, the cold rai ny monlh(Augii3l) j ist passed, excited til icli U l uasiness. ' The growtu of ihe gram was originally retarted by ery unfavourable weather, which it: may bo asserted, lasted until the 20 hof June. Tho warm month lhat foliowed.rep died the injury sustained by the crops up to that period, and seemed to p;omisu the husbiudmau an extraordinarily good, ' hirve-t -f h"T, itc. Tht sun T .'.U'lst. however failed to radute his genial influence aad the corn was not ' ripeuod. Tne weather fortunately im proved towards the end of the montu and the in formation received fioni u!l parts of the country convince us thai we sha'l bo .blessed, as far as quality is concerned,- with a inore ihan average harvest Augsburg Gazelle. Tho Neapolitan tariff is cnonsidered 6omewhati of a boon to commerce. The trade of the United ! States, it is said, will suffer by the uetv regulation as the supply of the colonial produce was almost entirely thrown into their hands on accou it of the. bounties given by tho Government Jo their, own flagon all importations fotn trauManlic ports, and abolition of these bounties will divert the traffic into ether channels. Such at least, is lu current rumor. . . : -. . Railsoad Abuses. The conductors or cap tains of cars, arc paid high sa'aries from $500 tr 700 e tch per annum. Tlio whole time is paid for aiid yet we venture to say. thai ni ie' tenths of rt is devoted to private speculation in buying apples fruit of all kinds, oys i rs, &c. here, for sale in the, c lUntry, and wheat, flour and other products in the country lor sale here. We are told by an Eas tern gcutlem ui lint otiii ol" thes-i co idoctorj lately boasted lo hint that he h id cleared $3030 duri?t thrf present season by these private operations While the merchant and the firmer are losing from 10 to 20 cents a bushel on wheat for want of the facilities of the railroad, these paid ageote of the State are permitted to transport both ways md to make money out of the very neglected con-- jdilito.i of ibe road which ihe State'manTfer8 themv s dves have brought alouf We have no doubt tha these officers u f conductors, weighmaster, $c could be farmed out, with the priviliges now gran ted, to our forwarders at SSCOO'caclr per annum. The State management of the Central railroad presents ii beautiful picture indeed The acting COmrni-sintmp itoorvtu ? i ...I. . nar chant un.l m.!!rlih- .a :..i....r. ......,. tut, buuuikiwis ti" uiia-- &C., speculating in wheat and flour and the po- pie paying these speculators salaries, and losing from 10 to 20 cents a bushel on wheat by" their operations. Advertiser. , ' A flouring mill, worth $15,000, and a salt mil worth $5,000, were burned at Salina, N. on Monday last. The fl ur mill belonged to J. C. Woodruff of Syracuse and Jf d Beach of Skeo eatHea the sail mill to J. P. Haikin. ,Tbe for mer had $5,000 insurance the latter none. Dei. Advertiser.