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YPSILANTl, WEDNESDAY JUNE 10, 1846 WHO COMMENCED THE WAR? Shall we refer it to the Annexation of Texas? The United States commenced it; for says Mr. Shannon, more than twenty years have we steadily pursued this object. And we did really annex it without the con sent of Mexico, or even ho much as asking her leave, before she had acknowfe Iged its independence; and while she was actuillv at war with it. Shall we refer it to the occupation of territory, in dispute, by the troops of one of the disputants? We occupied the territory where the jurisdiction of Mex ico had never before been resisted successfully with our troops. Shall we refer H to the first act of hostility? Com modore Jones tovk jms-cssion of Monterey some years ago, upon a me c rumor jf war. Vessels were fitted in our water.-, nun enlisted and drilled, arms andjammunition purchased. and entire expeditions fit ted out to aid the Texan rebellion, and our govern ment did not pretend, as in duty bound, to prevent it. That it possessed ihe power to do so was amply shown in the Canadian rebellion. But farther than this: Believing as the Mexicans most assuredly did, that Tamaulipas was their ter ritory, the marching of troops into it, must be re garded as an act of hostility just as we would have regarded the landing of a British detachment at Sclosser and the burning of a steamboat, if it had NOT DONE YET. We observe a great number of our Whig colem poraries are backward about saying anything against the career of conquest and usurpation upon which our Executive has entered, urging as their reasons, that they opposed the scheme of Annexation, while opposition was of any use, and they now prefer to rest satisfied with the fulfilment of their prophesies, and let matters take their course. W e have no sym pathy with this feeling. We deeply regret its exis tence. By yielding to it we lose the entire amount of that immense influence which we just now possess in the clear proofs of our foresight, and sincerity, during the last campaign. There it is not, at this moment, although the briU part victories on the Rio Grande have greatly eleva ted all hearts above the depressien felt at the first intelligence of hostility, one of our honest opponents who does not deprecate the war and wish its discoh t'nuance, in 6ome manner compatible with the digni ty of our arms. So well convinced are we of the existence of this feeling, and its nature, that we will undertake to sketch the plan of a Campaign which would satisfy ail parties, and save Mr. Polk much credit, with his own supporters, which a carousal in the "Halls of the Monterzumas," will lose to him. Our sketch is this : Throw as great a number of the 50,000 volunteers as is necessary, and no more, into the territory which we claim as Texas, as will be sufficient to overcome all opposition. Claim then of Mexico the recognition of the boundary ire our setfes have set,herctofore and call our unwillingnesss to enlarge these boundaries, although we have the FROM MEXICO. War with thk Indians. There seems to be We are without later Intelligence from the seat of j some apprehension entertained of disturbances among War; than we published last week, and must cor rect a part of that. The news that Matamoros had been captured is not confirmed; a part of the Ameri can force is on the western side of the Rio Grande. The following letter from Barita a small town ungar- a portion of the Cherokees. The latest intelligence I from Sabine, Texas, represents that an express had I arrived from the Northern frontier with a call from the authoritiss on the country of Sabine to raise forth with a company of mounted men, and send them on risoned which our troops have occupied, is the latest to defend the frontier of the Indian country against we have received. the Cherokees, who were up in arms, or from whom Barita Mexico, May 17, 4846. at least hostilities were anticipated. An order for -Mr. Scarett told me he had given you an account anothcr company of mounted men wa6 ,eft with the of the deeds of our gallant little army on the 8th and aulhorities of the town of Su Augustine. There Jin uan nuicn wm ever ye memorauie in our urn ever happened, besides Ampudia savs a Mexican town, Laredo, was taken possession of and a guard j Povver to do ' forbearance, magnanimity, and all n trnnns. nrpviniw to thoir that kind of heroic virtue. We do not say that this would be justice ; justice would require that our ar- disarmed bv the American troops, previous to their arrival opposite Matamoros. At all events the mouth ot the Rio Grande was blockaded and provis ions cut off from the .Vexican Army in Metamoros, before a Mexican gun was ever fired at the troops or any other means of annoyance than words used. If all this does not amount to hostility, what does? But some would like to refer the war to the rejec tion of Mr. Slidell. Let us plainly state the facts and judge who is to blame in this matter. Mexico takes offence at the Annexation of Texas (under the same circumstances, ice should take offence too) and recalls her minister and dismisses ours. All inter course between the two Govenients is suspended; but this is rather awkward, and, to end the matter, Mr. Polk authorises the American consul atMexico to intimate his willingness to send a Commissioner to arrange the Texas question amicably, if the Mexican Government would receive him. To this Mexico assents, and Mr. Polk appoints what! a Commission er? No, a Minister Plenipotentiary, and envoy ex traordinary. Now there is, sometimes, something in a name. In this instance, that grave matter we 6hould talk so much about, "National Honor," was all comprised in the name. The dismissal and with drawal of a "minister Pleipotentiary fee." is at all times a serious matter. Only think how we should feel if we should hear to-morrow the starting intel ligence, "the British minister has demanded his pass ports." Surely, we should think that she haiTtaken an affront that blood alone could atone. If aftewards she should offer to send a "Commissioner" to nego tiate a reconciliation and we should accept, would we considder she had a right to send a minister with plenary powers to reside near the government just as though friendly relations had never been interrup ted? Or should we send such a minister, had she offered to receive such a Commissioner for a specific purpose? most assuredly not. The plain language of the business is a language of taunt and insult to Mexico. It was construing the mere acceptance of a Com missioner whom the UnitedStates had offered to send into a confession that she had played the fool, taken offence without cause, and was at last sick of her conduct and wished to retract. As such she received it and refused to sanction the imputation by receiving Mr. Slidell as minister and envoy. We should have done the same. It was impossible for Mexico to commence a war. She was utterly helpless for the want of a Treasury. Her navy was drawn far up into a river for protec tion. Her army was unclothed and unpaid inso much that our fierce war presses made it the butt of their ridicule. For months our troops lav at Corpus Christi without horses and without artillery; com pletely at the mercy of any foe able to attack them. No foe appeared except pickpockets and rumsellers. Where then, was the deceitful .Mexicans? To fight them, since they could not come to us we must go to them. We went and commenced hostilities; the tear we assumed with Texas. mies should retrograde across the Nueces; we do say, however, that this is the extent to which the President will receive the sanction of his party, at the north at least, for carrying, his injustice. We speak what we know to be truth, whoever may un derrate it. Could a rim voce vote be taken to day on the question, "shall our armies cross the Rio Grande and proceed to an indefinite conquest of Mex ican Territory?" The universal,thundering response itary annals. West Point ald on that occasion. Every one is praising Captafo Mansfield for his inde fatigable zeal and industry duiing the siege of Fort Brown. "The General has determined to bring his forces over to this side of the river. I am here to select a site for-the depot of our new base of operations, and to entrench it. This village is about ten miles from the mouth of the river, and the same distanse from Brazos Santiago, or Eort Polk (Point Isabel.) The prominent features which might induce me to decide upon this as the proper point for the depot, are, that it is the first highland you reach in ascending the river; that it is above hurricance tides; that the ground is naturally formed for a military position, commanding every thing around it, and commanded by nothing. "It is equidistant, and not very inaccessible, from all our other depots. The worst road is to Fort Polk while the direct line is only ten miles,the only road for wagons is over twenty . We are less than twenty miles from Matamoros. General Taylor de sired to cross the river yesteidiy, but his artillery was short of amunition, and he had no boats. (Where is the ponton train ?) We do not know where he is to-night, nor do we know whether the enemy is in force on this side, and near us. Colonel Wilson is in command. He has four companies in his regiment 1st infantry, and four of volunteers. I have one field-piece and 6ix artillerymen under my orders. Lieut. Hamilton, 1st infantry, is my assistant. "This movement up the river was intended to have was great excitement along the Indian frontier. It appears that a party of the Cherokee Indians some years ago bought from a New-York Land Com pany a tract of land in the far Northern part of Tex as, for which they paid $30,000. It appears also that the Government of Texas was always opposed to their settling there, and that a full an unreserved friendship was never established between the parties. On the breaking out of hostilities at the Rio Grande, the Cherokees, or that portion of them on the Nor thern frontier of Texas, offered their services to Gov ernor Henderson; not having full confidence in their fealty, he refused to accept their services; and now it is believed that they take advantage of the existing state of things whether the Mexicans have intri gued and tampered with them is not known to as sume toward the people of Texas a hostile attitude . would be an emphatic No ! Shall we stop, then, or oeen a combined one with Commodore Conner. It even falter ? Because we could not stay the annex ation of Texas, shall we not attempt to stay the country from its sure declension into a Military Des posism, a Monarchy, elective in form only ? For our part we have no such base metal in our compo sition. The Annexation of Santa Fe,orCalafornia is none the less odious because Texas is annexed. The various attacks upon that Charter of our lib erties, the Constitution, attacks which have at least reached that more than kingly power, levying and making war without the solemn act of Congress, do not appear the less alarming because they are suc cessful. In this view we say we have not done fight ing yet. While the letter of the Constitution re mains, we shall contend for it, nor shall the senseless cry of treason,t reason, so loud sent forth by press es, hired and paid by the assassins of Liberty, to drown the voice of alarm, force us into the commis sion of the crime with which they charge us. We take the responsibility of calling on the President, in behalf of his own party in this County to stop hisarms on the Rio Grande, content himself with repelling hostilities there, and take immediate steps to improve the victories we have gained, to the conclusion of an honorable peace. Let those who say nay to this speak up and we shall cheerfully represent their views. National Fair. The prominent matter of in terest at Washington for some time past, has been the exhibition of various articles of Domestic Manu facture, from all parts of the Union. Many, if not most of the States have been represented including several of the slaveholding states. The specimens of Virginian skill in manufactures, was particularly urnrisimr. After beinnr exhibited for a length of time, the articles were sold at auction to the highest bidder. A set ol" chamber furniture, particularly ele gant, was bought, bv .Mr. Pakenham, for $8,000. The agent of British Manufactures, who has been all winter occupying a room in thecapitol, for the exhi bition of specimens of British industry made and pri ced with a view to operate, as an argument for free trade, was politely invited to bring his specimens in to the building and compare them side by side, with yankey skill. Ht d dined. We shall hereafter give a fuller account of the .Yational Fair. The Mexicans have used copper shot from time immemorial. They have fired them at Spaniards, Frenchmen, Indians and at each other; and we never heard that they have agreed, in their war with the United States, to wait till they could exchange their copper for lead. Whether they use this metal be cause of its poisonous nature, we know not. We apprehend however, that, were the boot on the other foot, our war men would find no fault. Why do they carry Colt's revolving pistols, and exult in the idea of one day being able to blow a whole ship's crew sky high with his submarine battery. The fact is, tear is cruel; and the yankeys are just as cruel and vindictive in their mode of carrying it on as any na tion under heaven; hence in fact, is the frequent suc cess of their arms. When did they ever hesitate to use any weapon because it was too deadly? Let us show ourselves to be men then by taking the war as it comes. It shows a bad cause no less than a sin- gular taste to be constantly depreciating the knowl- j ?retext ured justification edge, ability and bravery of an enemy from whom we expect to reap laurels. For instance how glori ous victories must seem, gained over an enemy so cowardly and barbarous as to use poisoned weapons, weak, in physical strength as women, and as undis ciplined as savages. Is it against such an enemy that we have called forth our strength? And yet such is the representation the war advocates con stantly give of Mexicans. Oh! Cowardice. CjCol. Bombrstes Furioso Flood of the Free Press orders Gen. Taylor to hang a few of the Mex ican officers if Ukt do not melt their copper bullets and 'swap' them for lead. Tliy have been exchang ing in that way recently and got rather the worst of the bargain. Wr t'nnic likely they would gladly avoid trading so in future. But a question arises in our mind whether Gen. Taylor is not quite as good a judge of the usage of war as Col. Bom. am wheth er it is usual lor Brevet Major Generals in the regu lar service to receive ortk-is from 7ooi-wood Ccle. We pretend to nothing beyond the plain duties of a citizen ourselves, so we have no doubt we shall be greatly interested, now the emergences of the coun try stirs up the profundity of such minds as the Col's. has been delayed two days by unfavorable weather, rendering the bar too rough. The Commodore's limited stay here compelled him to notify the Gen eral not to count upon his cooperation in an expedi tion up the rieer. This morning at daylight I star ted the Neva (a river boat) out from the Brazos; the entered the Rio Bravo without difficulty by 8 A. M. I rode down the beach. Col. Wilsons command had been bivouacking tor two days on our side of the mouth. We crossed thern all over by 12; before 1 P. M. the column was en route up the river. (tThere are six beautiful war schooners lying in the East River, built for Mexico, which are not paid for, and are worthy the attention of our government, being well suited for the harbors and rivers of that country. Free Press. Well, send the United States Marshall aboard, take possession of them as Mexican property, and then spend a few millions in licking Mexico, till she would consent to pay for them; it would be of a piece with the whole war and its causes. fXjr3 Would the Despots of Europe successfully enslave their subjects, let them mould their Artillery into printing presses, and employ their revenues in pensioning Editors, and their official patronage in ! upholding a party, and our word for it we shall hear ! of no more Revolutions. The process has been proved and found successful j with a people once free. How much more likely then is it to succeed with those already enslaved. An "Independent" Paper. The Buffalo Pilot, professedly independent, is a rabid supporter of the journey as they have before them Justice of the present War with Mexico. An expla nation may be found in the bills calling for recruits, posted up around the village: which bear the imprint I of "Manchester fc Brayman, Pilot Office Buffalo." J We invite the attention of our readers to the letter of Mr. Severance, to be found on oui first page. i Every man, even if he is in an overpowered minority, I has a right to be heard, and we cheerfully accord our j assistance in placing the reasons of the fourteen who voted against the war with Mexico, before the public j With this letter and what else we say in regard to the justice of the war we shall drop thip part of the subject, unless we should hereafter see some new f7"A Sentiment Misunderstood. "Our coun try, always right; but right or wrong, always our country." Such we believe, was the language used by a celebrated British officer, whence that so much used motto. "Our country right or wrong," takes its origin. As first expressed the sentiment is truly noble, patriotic and of immense importance to a per son commissioned by his country, as was the author to take the lives of her enemies. If I must shed blood for my country may her cause always be right; flMessrs. Wilson &, Co. of New York have just issued their Brother Jonathan. It is a double sheet newspaper of stupendous size, filled with wood en gravings of the finest kind. Among them we notice the capture and Execution of Major Andre, during the Revolutionary war two pictures which are in deed spendid. The whole of this mamouth sheet is tastefully arranged and beautifully printed. The price is only 12J per copy. Cheap enough' OREGON AND CALIFORNIA EXPEDITIONS A correspondent of the ,1issouri Republican writes as follows, from the Indian country, twenty miles west of Independence, under date of the 10th inst. " "The company bound for California is composed of as much intelligence and respectability, certainly, as ever wended their way to a new country, and the in tegrals are representatives from almost every state in the Union. "It is impossible to form any thing like an accu rte idea of our number, but it is very large, far more than I had dared to hope; I can now count from my present humble seat, over one hundred wagons, and, estimating each wagon to contain five souls, we have at this encampment at least five hundred per sons all bound for California. The number, I think cannot fall short of one thousand. The Oregon fever has abated, and I think the num ber cannot be large that will strive for a place in the debatable land. "I have just received a letter from Col. Keakrev, at Fort Leavenworth, to whom I sent an express to know something of the Mormons, who are crossing the Missouri River in great numbers at St. Joseph's. He informs me that at least two thousand have actu ally passed, and that others are daily crossing. He represents them as well provided with all munitions of war, including a train of artillery." Another correspondent of the same paper, writing from Independence on the 11th, communicates the following: "Our town for the last few weeks has presented a scene of business equal to a crowded city. Emi grants to Oregon and California have been pouring in from all quarters to this point, which is made their general rendezvos. There are, this spring, two dis tinct companies, one to Oregon and the other to Cal ifornia; heretofore they have made but one company until they have crossed the mountains, but at pres ent the number to each expedition is sufficient to or ganise and protect themselves from the Indians. "The number of emigrants is not yet known, nor can it be until they reach their general encampment on Kansas river,about one hundred miles west of this place, and where a census will be taken. A finer looking set of emigrants than the present, I have never seen manly and bold in their appearance, and generally well equipped for so long and tedious a Among them are persons of all age?,'even to the old man following his grandchildren." A Fighting Preacher. Some of our western ex changes speak of a "noble example that has been set by the Rev. Richard A. Stewart." It appears that the pugnacious reverence who is a methodist par son has arrived in New Orleans at the head of one hundred volunteers from East Baton Rouge and Iber ville. A correspondent of the Fredericks Recorder represents him as being endowed with a "great taste for fighting, and says that it is a habit with him, when he feels a call to thrash one, to ask a tem porary dismissal from the church, and when he has finished the job he asks to be re-admitted. The writer adds: "He has obtained a dismissal for six months, in order to lick the Mexicans." PREPARATION OF WOOL. We insert the following, extract from a letter of Mr Hamilton Gay of New York to the Journal of Commerce, in regard to the preparation and sale of wool, as to our Farmer. New York, May 16th, 184G. Messrs. Hale& Hallock : Dear Sirs : I have your favor of this day' date. Such information as 1 can give on the sub- ject of your inquiry, is at your service, ior me benefit or those intereswu. More than one-half ol all the American Fleece Wool exported from the United States of the last year's clip was owned and shipped by myself and by others having a joint interest with me. Tbo purchases were all made at the lowest point of the season, beginning on the first day of October last. The result has heen a nett loss of 85993, and 1S8 bales of wool yet unsold equal only to the fraction of a penny sterling on each pound. Not a fleece of the wool was sold to meet the payment of drafts drawn against it, nor was any portion of it unduly pressed upon the market; and this loss arose Irom causes unnecessary, easily a voided, and entirely within the control of patties in this country. The prices of I'nited State Flece Wool are af fected very injurously in foreign markets by its unclean condition. It contains loo much oil, and yolk and dirt. The sheep are generally washed with too little care, and run too long after wash ing before shearing. A large portion of the wool trom this cause must pass through the hands of those who sou it and scour it in soap and water, before it is sold to the manufacturers. The wool itself is of (superior staple, and while upon the sheep is inferior to no other in the world, of equal grade; anTl it may be safely slated that every pound of oil, other worthless substance, w iil, in ihe English maikets, deduct from the the value of the wool containing il,lhe price.ut least of two pounds of wool. English Manufacturers and stiiplers before purchasing, open a portion of the fl eces, and examine carefully, not only tht fineness, but also the strength of ihe staple, md its condili 'ii throughout. The first important operation in preparing our fleece wool for export, U hi properly cleanse it before shearing. The sheep should be washed in clear running water the w ater must run free ly through every pari ol ihe fleece, and the wool and every part of it should be pressed and worked w ilh the binds wliile under water, utitill the dirt and oil a-e removed, and the water ruus off clear. The shearing should then lake place as soon a the sheep become dry af.er washing. Then comes the hftng up of the llecces. All the loose locks, clippings ai d Mgs.and eve:y thing U'l.'.lean, or of an inferior quality, and coarse wool from the thighs if ihere b : any, should be wholly rejected, and the Heem's tied up firmly so as to keep heir shape, end show, as is cuslornury , ihe host part of the fleece on the outside. This terminates the wi.ol grower's part but I will here remark, that sheep should be kept as Marty as possible in uniformly good health and flsh, because every portion of :he staple or fibre of the wool which grows while the sheep is very poor from disease or wan of food, has so liillo s! length us to break in working; and if this week growth takes place in the fall of the year, it d;. slroys the 11 ece fir many purposes. How to" get a Dinner. One evening, Sheridan not knowing whereto go for a dinner, sat down by Michael Angelo Taylor, in the House of Commons, and said "There is a law question likely to arise presently, on which, from your knowledgs, vou will be wanted to reply to Pitt, 60 I hope you will not think of leaving the House." Michael sat down with no little pleasure, while Sheridan slipped out, walked over to Michael's house, and ordered up his but whether it be right or wrong, may my services ! dinner, saying to the servants "Your master is always de devoted to my country, is the reading we give the sentiment, and in this sense we find no fault with it. But if we are to understand by it, that we are bound to support the country in an unrighteous course of policy, and "the country," is to be construed to mean the administration, we shall do no such thing We shall not become traitors to the people, and the Constitution, to uphold the President in his course of usurpation, although every press in the United States that ever received an advertisement or a job from Government should spit its addervenom upon us. Raii.ro ah Accident. A collision occurred at the Depot in this village one day last week between a locomotive and train coming from the west, and a train just backing from the side to the main track. Fortunately no further damage was done than the breaking of one set of wheels, and some of the wood Of Governments, that of the mob is the most ; work of the engine. The rear car in the train struck sanguinary, that of' soldiers the most expensive. was precipitated from its wheels on to a rack in front I there seems to be no way of taking bold of him or and that of civilians the r.nt vexatious. j of it, but without damage to its loading. not coming home this evening." He made an ex cellent dinner, came back to release him, saying "I am sorry to have kept you; for, after all, I believe this matter will not come off to-night." Michael walked home, and heard, to his no little consterna tion, when he rang for dinner "Mr Sheridan had it, sir, about two hours ago. Curious Business. The Washington Correspon dent of the Richmond Times and Compiler says that Ex-Senator Tappan, of Ohio having been appointed to inspect and arrange the mineralogical collection brought home by theExploring Expedition,and being allowed where there were duplicates to take one of each for his services, provided he left all the beet specimens, appropriated all the best specimens to himself, and has sent them off to Ohio, making by the operation from $20,000 to $25,000. When it was discovered a short time 6ince, his office was in stantly taken away, and he has gone home. But Michigan Volunteers. We copy from the Free Press the following list of military companies which have tended their services to form the Regiment of Volunteers required by the President. 1. The Montgomery Guards,of Detroit under com mand of Captain Wm. O'Callanban. 2. Tbe Adrian Guards, of Adrian, Lenawee coun ty, Capt. Daniel Hicks. 3. The LaFayette Guards of Detroit, Capt. Clar oux. 4. The Battle Creek Rifle Company of Battle Creek, Calhoun bounty, Capt. S. W. Dodge. 5. The Scott Guards, of Detroit,Captain Nicholas Greusel. 6. The Brady Guards, of Detroit, Captain A. S. Williams. 7. The St. Clair Guards, of St. Clair county,Capt. S. W. Brown. 8. The Union Grays of Berrien county,Capt. Stad ler. In addition, a volunteer company which is already composed of forty men, has been raised at Jackson by Capt. J. G. Davis, who has notified the Adjutant General that as soon as its complement of men is completed will offer their services. I of recovering the minerals. Kidnapper Arrested. Thomas Finnegan, the notorious kidnapper, who during last fall 6old a whole family of free negroes from Adams county, Pa., to a gentleman in Virginia, as slaves, was ar rested a few days in Gettysburgh, and imprisoned for trial. Death of R. S. Reed. We rpgret to learn the death of Hon. R. S. Reed, at his residence, Erie. Pa. about 4 o'clock on the morning of the 2d instant, after a short illness. Mr. Reed has been long known as one of the most enterprising busi. ness men in the West, and a large circle of friends will mourn his loss. Free Press. MILITARY MOV E M FNTS. We have New Oi leans papers of ihe 27 h con taining no iiiielligci.ee from the Mexican frontier. We i xtract tbe f dlnwing item : Orders from Washington. Gen- G.iiurx ves teidav received a an offi :ial com mmicati m fr en Washington, countermanding his otdt r for raising a regiment of mounted gunmen. The Legislature ot Louisiana has voted $500 for a sword lor G n. Taylor. Memphis has rais ee 500 volunteers lor the U. S. service. The Mexican steamer?, whose departure for V Cruz we not red yesterday, were in the posses sion of a firm ai Havana as security for a loan of $000,000. The firm being desirous ofprol-ct-i"g iheir own interest, to..k advantage of Ihe ab sence of the American squadron u;ider Com. Con ner, to send them to Havana, a neuiial port, under the colors of their own mi lion. This is ihe prob able cause, and upon the face of things it is very unl.kely thai the British Government has auylhing to do w ith 'f. The U. S. schooner Fiirr, v ii h a crew of 62 men, left the city lust night for ihe lir;iz-s Santi ago. Not the first dollar of appropriations have yet been made here. The disbursing eflicers are over head in debt. They do not seem to under. s:and matters v Wahi-igt-ei. --jV O. Bee 2lhm Steamboat Accident. vt e r"rut to learn that a senous accident occurred oi ihe steamboat Gen. Scott, la.l Saturn iv ftwffi in. on her trip from the S iull to Aachiia w. When about 2J miles east of ihe latier place, her boiler burst, scal ding three men. One of them, Dominique Wil liams, a fireman, died the next morning. The other two, John L. Packard, a fireman, and Jo seph Robur, deck hand, were not dangerously in jured. Detroit Advertiser. Making an Odd Fellow Quite an amus ing trial came off last we k before ihe Court id Common P. eas nf this district. It appeared that a parly of mischievious Sand-Hi!l wags perswua d d an indolent fellow named liarentine that he could get rid of w orking if lie would let them make him an Odd Fellow ; thai the order in Co lumbia would allow him iwetuy-five dollars per quarter for life, when he was initiated ; which wa done by branding ! The persuasions of his com rades and ihe prospect of ease and comparative affluence, influenced him to submit to the opera tion, which was done ma most barbarous manner with a common cat'Je-brand applied to the fleshv part of his body seven times. The fellow stated that ihe first application hurt so much that he beg. ged them to desist, but ihey told him unless it wu well done he could not pass an examination. When cross-questoned by the defendants' counsel with an implied doubt ol the truth of his evidence, he offered to exhibit the stem reality itself m corroboration, but his honor the Judge said ho would dispense with that sort of testimony. The fact however was established to the satisfaction of the court by other testimony. The perpetra tors of '.he ourage were found guilty, but appeal ed from the verdict of the jury. Columbia Chron Contentment. Is that beast belter that hath two or three mountains to graze over, (ban a little bee that feeds on the dew, or manna, and lives upon what falls every day from ihe store bouses of heav en, clouds and providence? Can a man quench hia thirst better out of a river than o full urn ; or drink better from a fountain which is fioeiy paved with marble, than when it wells over the green turf?