YPSILANTl, WEDNESDAY JUNE 10, 1846
WHO COMMENCED THE WAR?
Shall we refer it to the Annexation of Texas? The
United States commenced it; for says Mr. Shannon,
more than twenty years have we steadily pursued this
object. And we did really annex it without the con
sent of Mexico, or even ho much as asking her leave,
before she had acknowfe Iged its independence; and
while she was actuillv at war with it.
Shall we refer it to the occupation of territory, in
dispute, by the troops of one of the disputants? We
occupied the territory where the jurisdiction of Mex
ico had never before been resisted successfully with
Shall we refer H to the first act of hostility? Com
modore Jones tovk jms-cssion of Monterey some
years ago, upon a me c rumor jf war. Vessels were
fitted in our water.-, nun enlisted and drilled, arms
andjammunition purchased. and entire expeditions fit
ted out to aid the Texan rebellion, and our govern
ment did not pretend, as in duty bound, to prevent
it. That it possessed ihe power to do so was amply
shown in the Canadian rebellion.
But farther than this: Believing as the Mexicans
most assuredly did, that Tamaulipas was their ter
ritory, the marching of troops into it, must be re
garded as an act of hostility just as we would have
regarded the landing of a British detachment at
Sclosser and the burning of a steamboat, if it had
NOT DONE YET.
We observe a great number of our Whig colem
poraries are backward about saying anything against
the career of conquest and usurpation upon which
our Executive has entered, urging as their reasons,
that they opposed the scheme of Annexation, while
opposition was of any use, and they now prefer to
rest satisfied with the fulfilment of their prophesies,
and let matters take their course. W e have no sym
pathy with this feeling. We deeply regret its exis
tence. By yielding to it we lose the entire amount
of that immense influence which we just now possess
in the clear proofs of our foresight, and sincerity,
during the last campaign.
There it is not, at this moment, although the briU
part victories on the Rio Grande have greatly eleva
ted all hearts above the depressien felt at the first
intelligence of hostility, one of our honest opponents
who does not deprecate the war and wish its discoh
t'nuance, in 6ome manner compatible with the digni
ty of our arms. So well convinced are we of the
existence of this feeling, and its nature, that we will
undertake to sketch the plan of a Campaign which
would satisfy ail parties, and save Mr. Polk much
credit, with his own supporters, which a carousal in
the "Halls of the Monterzumas," will lose to him.
Our sketch is this : Throw as great a number of
the 50,000 volunteers as is necessary, and no more,
into the territory which we claim as Texas, as will
be sufficient to overcome all opposition. Claim then
of Mexico the recognition of the boundary ire our
setfes have set,herctofore and call our unwillingnesss
to enlarge these boundaries, although we have the
War with thk Indians. There seems to be
We are without later Intelligence from the seat of j some apprehension entertained of disturbances among
War; than we published last week, and must cor
rect a part of that. The news that Matamoros had
been captured is not confirmed; a part of the Ameri
can force is on the western side of the Rio Grande.
The following letter from Barita a small town ungar-
a portion of the Cherokees. The latest intelligence
I from Sabine, Texas, represents that an express had
I arrived from the Northern frontier with a call from
the authoritiss on the country of Sabine to raise forth
with a company of mounted men, and send them on
risoned which our troops have occupied, is the latest to defend the frontier of the Indian country against
we have received. the Cherokees, who were up in arms, or from whom
Barita Mexico, May 17, 4846. at least hostilities were anticipated. An order for
-Mr. Scarett told me he had given you an account anothcr company of mounted men wa6 ,eft with the
of the deeds of our gallant little army on the 8th and aulhorities of the town of Su Augustine. There
Jin uan nuicn wm ever ye memorauie in our urn
ever happened, besides Ampudia savs a Mexican
town, Laredo, was taken possession of and a guard j Povver to do ' forbearance, magnanimity, and all
n trnnns. nrpviniw to thoir that kind of heroic virtue. We do not say that this
would be justice ; justice would require that our ar-
disarmed bv the American troops, previous to their
arrival opposite Matamoros. At all events the
mouth ot the Rio Grande was blockaded and provis
ions cut off from the .Vexican Army in Metamoros,
before a Mexican gun was ever fired at the troops or
any other means of annoyance than words used. If
all this does not amount to hostility, what does?
But some would like to refer the war to the rejec
tion of Mr. Slidell. Let us plainly state the facts
and judge who is to blame in this matter. Mexico
takes offence at the Annexation of Texas (under the
same circumstances, ice should take offence too) and
recalls her minister and dismisses ours. All inter
course between the two Govenients is suspended;
but this is rather awkward, and, to end the matter,
Mr. Polk authorises the American consul atMexico to
intimate his willingness to send a Commissioner to
arrange the Texas question amicably, if the Mexican
Government would receive him. To this Mexico
assents, and Mr. Polk appoints what! a Commission
er? No, a Minister Plenipotentiary, and envoy ex
traordinary. Now there is, sometimes, something
in a name. In this instance, that grave matter we
6hould talk so much about, "National Honor," was
all comprised in the name. The dismissal and with
drawal of a "minister Pleipotentiary fee." is at all
times a serious matter. Only think how we should
feel if we should hear to-morrow the starting intel
ligence, "the British minister has demanded his pass
ports." Surely, we should think that she haiTtaken
an affront that blood alone could atone. If aftewards
she should offer to send a "Commissioner" to nego
tiate a reconciliation and we should accept, would
we considder she had a right to send a minister with
plenary powers to reside near the government just
as though friendly relations had never been interrup
ted? Or should we send such a minister, had she
offered to receive such a Commissioner for a specific
purpose? most assuredly not.
The plain language of the business is a language
of taunt and insult to Mexico.
It was construing the mere acceptance of a Com
missioner whom the UnitedStates had offered to send
into a confession that she had played the fool, taken
offence without cause, and was at last sick of her
conduct and wished to retract. As such she received
it and refused to sanction the imputation by receiving
Mr. Slidell as minister and envoy. We should have
done the same.
It was impossible for Mexico to commence a war.
She was utterly helpless for the want of a Treasury.
Her navy was drawn far up into a river for protec
tion. Her army was unclothed and unpaid inso
much that our fierce war presses made it the butt of
their ridicule. For months our troops lav at Corpus
Christi without horses and without artillery; com
pletely at the mercy of any foe able to attack them.
No foe appeared except pickpockets and rumsellers.
Where then, was the deceitful .Mexicans? To fight
them, since they could not come to us we must go
to them. We went and commenced hostilities; the
tear we assumed with Texas.
mies should retrograde across the Nueces; we do
say, however, that this is the extent to which the
President will receive the sanction of his party, at
the north at least, for carrying, his injustice. We
speak what we know to be truth, whoever may un
derrate it. Could a rim voce vote be taken to day
on the question, "shall our armies cross the Rio
Grande and proceed to an indefinite conquest of Mex
ican Territory?" The universal,thundering response
itary annals. West Point ald on that occasion.
Every one is praising Captafo Mansfield for his inde
fatigable zeal and industry duiing the siege of Fort
"The General has determined to bring his forces
over to this side of the river. I am here to select a
site for-the depot of our new base of operations, and
to entrench it. This village is about ten miles from
the mouth of the river, and the same distanse from
Brazos Santiago, or Eort Polk (Point Isabel.) The
prominent features which might induce me to decide
upon this as the proper point for the depot, are, that
it is the first highland you reach in ascending the
river; that it is above hurricance tides; that the
ground is naturally formed for a military position,
commanding every thing around it, and commanded
"It is equidistant, and not very inaccessible, from
all our other depots. The worst road is to Fort
Polk while the direct line is only ten miles,the only
road for wagons is over twenty . We are less than
twenty miles from Matamoros. General Taylor de
sired to cross the river yesteidiy, but his artillery
was short of amunition, and he had no boats. (Where
is the ponton train ?) We do not know where he is
to-night, nor do we know whether the enemy is in
force on this side, and near us. Colonel Wilson is
in command. He has four companies in his regiment
1st infantry, and four of volunteers. I have one
field-piece and 6ix artillerymen under my orders.
Lieut. Hamilton, 1st infantry, is my assistant.
"This movement up the river was intended to have
was great excitement along the Indian frontier.
It appears that a party of the Cherokee Indians
some years ago bought from a New-York Land Com
pany a tract of land in the far Northern part of Tex
as, for which they paid $30,000. It appears also
that the Government of Texas was always opposed
to their settling there, and that a full an unreserved
friendship was never established between the parties.
On the breaking out of hostilities at the Rio Grande,
the Cherokees, or that portion of them on the Nor
thern frontier of Texas, offered their services to Gov
ernor Henderson; not having full confidence in their
fealty, he refused to accept their services; and now
it is believed that they take advantage of the existing
state of things whether the Mexicans have intri
gued and tampered with them is not known to as
sume toward the people of Texas a hostile attitude .
would be an emphatic No ! Shall we stop, then, or oeen a combined one with Commodore Conner. It
even falter ? Because we could not stay the annex
ation of Texas, shall we not attempt to stay the
country from its sure declension into a Military Des
posism, a Monarchy, elective in form only ? For
our part we have no such base metal in our compo
sition. The Annexation of Santa Fe,orCalafornia is
none the less odious because Texas is annexed.
The various attacks upon that Charter of our lib
erties, the Constitution, attacks which have at least
reached that more than kingly power, levying and
making war without the solemn act of Congress, do
not appear the less alarming because they are suc
cessful. In this view we say we have not done fight
ing yet. While the letter of the Constitution re
mains, we shall contend for it, nor shall the senseless
cry of treason,t reason, so loud sent forth by press
es, hired and paid by the assassins of Liberty, to
drown the voice of alarm, force us into the commis
sion of the crime with which they charge us. We
take the responsibility of calling on the President, in
behalf of his own party in this County to stop hisarms
on the Rio Grande, content himself with repelling
hostilities there, and take immediate steps to improve
the victories we have gained, to the conclusion of an
honorable peace. Let those who say nay to this
speak up and we shall cheerfully represent their
National Fair. The prominent matter of in
terest at Washington for some time past, has been
the exhibition of various articles of Domestic Manu
facture, from all parts of the Union. Many, if not
most of the States have been represented including
several of the slaveholding states. The specimens
of Virginian skill in manufactures, was particularly
urnrisimr. After beinnr exhibited for a length of
time, the articles were sold at auction to the highest
bidder. A set ol" chamber furniture, particularly ele
gant, was bought, bv .Mr. Pakenham, for $8,000.
The agent of British Manufactures, who has been all
winter occupying a room in thecapitol, for the exhi
bition of specimens of British industry made and pri
ced with a view to operate, as an argument for free
trade, was politely invited to bring his specimens in
to the building and compare them side by side, with
yankey skill. Ht d dined. We shall hereafter give
a fuller account of the .Yational Fair.
The Mexicans have used copper shot from time
immemorial. They have fired them at Spaniards,
Frenchmen, Indians and at each other; and we never
heard that they have agreed, in their war with the
United States, to wait till they could exchange their
copper for lead. Whether they use this metal be
cause of its poisonous nature, we know not. We
apprehend however, that, were the boot on the other
foot, our war men would find no fault. Why do they
carry Colt's revolving pistols, and exult in the idea
of one day being able to blow a whole ship's crew
sky high with his submarine battery. The fact is,
tear is cruel; and the yankeys are just as cruel and
vindictive in their mode of carrying it on as any na
tion under heaven; hence in fact, is the frequent suc
cess of their arms. When did they ever hesitate to
use any weapon because it was too deadly? Let us
show ourselves to be men then by taking the war as
it comes. It shows a bad cause no less than a sin-
gular taste to be constantly depreciating the knowl- j ?retext ured justification
edge, ability and bravery of an enemy from whom
we expect to reap laurels. For instance how glori
ous victories must seem, gained over an enemy so
cowardly and barbarous as to use poisoned weapons,
weak, in physical strength as women, and as undis
ciplined as savages. Is it against such an enemy
that we have called forth our strength? And yet
such is the representation the war advocates con
stantly give of Mexicans. Oh! Cowardice.
CjCol. Bombrstes Furioso Flood of the Free
Press orders Gen. Taylor to hang a few of the Mex
ican officers if Ukt do not melt their copper bullets
and 'swap' them for lead. Tliy have been exchang
ing in that way recently and got rather the worst of
the bargain. Wr t'nnic likely they would gladly
avoid trading so in future. But a question arises in
our mind whether Gen. Taylor is not quite as good
a judge of the usage of war as Col. Bom. am wheth
er it is usual lor Brevet Major Generals in the regu
lar service to receive ortk-is from 7ooi-wood Ccle.
We pretend to nothing beyond the plain duties of a
citizen ourselves, so we have no doubt we shall be
greatly interested, now the emergences of the coun
try stirs up the profundity of such minds as the Col's.
has been delayed two days by unfavorable weather,
rendering the bar too rough. The Commodore's
limited stay here compelled him to notify the Gen
eral not to count upon his cooperation in an expedi
tion up the rieer. This morning at daylight I star
ted the Neva (a river boat) out from the Brazos; the
entered the Rio Bravo without difficulty by 8 A. M.
I rode down the beach. Col. Wilsons command
had been bivouacking tor two days on our side of the
mouth. We crossed thern all over by 12; before 1
P. M. the column was en route up the river.
(tThere are six beautiful war schooners lying in
the East River, built for Mexico, which are not paid
for, and are worthy the attention of our government,
being well suited for the harbors and rivers of that
country. Free Press.
Well, send the United States Marshall aboard,
take possession of them as Mexican property, and
then spend a few millions in licking Mexico, till
she would consent to pay for them; it would be of a
piece with the whole war and its causes.
fXjr3 Would the Despots of Europe successfully
enslave their subjects, let them mould their Artillery
into printing presses, and employ their revenues in
pensioning Editors, and their official patronage in
! upholding a party, and our word for it we shall hear
! of no more Revolutions.
The process has been proved and found successful
j with a people once free. How much more likely
then is it to succeed with those already enslaved.
An "Independent" Paper. The Buffalo Pilot,
professedly independent, is a rabid supporter of the journey as they have before them
Justice of the present War with Mexico. An expla
nation may be found in the bills calling for recruits,
posted up around the village: which bear the imprint
I of "Manchester fc Brayman, Pilot Office Buffalo."
J We invite the attention of our readers to the letter
of Mr. Severance, to be found on oui first page.
i Every man, even if he is in an overpowered minority,
I has a right to be heard, and we cheerfully accord our
j assistance in placing the reasons of the fourteen who
voted against the war with Mexico, before the public
j With this letter and what else we say in regard to
the justice of the war we shall drop thip part of the
subject, unless we should hereafter see some new
f7"A Sentiment Misunderstood. "Our coun
try, always right; but right or wrong, always our
country." Such we believe, was the language used
by a celebrated British officer, whence that so much
used motto. "Our country right or wrong," takes
its origin. As first expressed the sentiment is truly
noble, patriotic and of immense importance to a per
son commissioned by his country, as was the author
to take the lives of her enemies. If I must shed
blood for my country may her cause always be right;
flMessrs. Wilson &, Co. of New York have just
issued their Brother Jonathan. It is a double sheet
newspaper of stupendous size, filled with wood en
gravings of the finest kind. Among them we notice
the capture and Execution of Major Andre, during
the Revolutionary war two pictures which are in
deed spendid. The whole of this mamouth sheet is
tastefully arranged and beautifully printed. The
price is only 12J per copy. Cheap enough'
OREGON AND CALIFORNIA EXPEDITIONS
A correspondent of the ,1issouri Republican writes
as follows, from the Indian country, twenty miles
west of Independence, under date of the 10th inst.
" "The company bound for California is composed of
as much intelligence and respectability, certainly, as
ever wended their way to a new country, and the in
tegrals are representatives from almost every state in
"It is impossible to form any thing like an accu
rte idea of our number, but it is very large, far
more than I had dared to hope; I can now count from
my present humble seat, over one hundred wagons,
and, estimating each wagon to contain five souls, we
have at this encampment at least five hundred per
sons all bound for California. The number, I think
cannot fall short of one thousand.
The Oregon fever has abated, and I think the num
ber cannot be large that will strive for a place in the
"I have just received a letter from Col. Keakrev,
at Fort Leavenworth, to whom I sent an express to
know something of the Mormons, who are crossing
the Missouri River in great numbers at St. Joseph's.
He informs me that at least two thousand have actu
ally passed, and that others are daily crossing. He
represents them as well provided with all munitions of
war, including a train of artillery."
Another correspondent of the same paper, writing
from Independence on the 11th, communicates the
"Our town for the last few weeks has presented
a scene of business equal to a crowded city. Emi
grants to Oregon and California have been pouring
in from all quarters to this point, which is made their
general rendezvos. There are, this spring, two dis
tinct companies, one to Oregon and the other to Cal
ifornia; heretofore they have made but one company
until they have crossed the mountains, but at pres
ent the number to each expedition is sufficient to or
ganise and protect themselves from the Indians.
"The number of emigrants is not yet known, nor
can it be until they reach their general encampment
on Kansas river,about one hundred miles west of this
place, and where a census will be taken. A finer
looking set of emigrants than the present, I have
never seen manly and bold in their appearance, and
generally well equipped for so long and tedious a
Among them are
persons of all age?,'even to the old man following his
A Fighting Preacher. Some of our western ex
changes speak of a "noble example that has been set
by the Rev. Richard A. Stewart." It appears that
the pugnacious reverence who is a methodist par
son has arrived in New Orleans at the head of one
hundred volunteers from East Baton Rouge and Iber
ville. A correspondent of the Fredericks Recorder
represents him as being endowed with a "great taste
for fighting, and says that it is a habit with him,
when he feels a call to thrash one, to ask a tem
porary dismissal from the church, and when he has
finished the job he asks to be re-admitted. The
writer adds: "He has obtained a dismissal for six
months, in order to lick the Mexicans."
PREPARATION OF WOOL.
We insert the following, extract from a letter
of Mr Hamilton Gay of New York to the
Journal of Commerce, in regard to the preparation
and sale of wool, as to our Farmer.
New York, May 16th, 184G.
Messrs. Hale& Hallock :
Dear Sirs : I have your favor of this day'
date. Such information as 1 can give on the sub-
ject of your inquiry, is at your service, ior me
benefit or those intereswu.
More than one-half ol all the American Fleece
Wool exported from the United States of the last
year's clip was owned and shipped by myself and
by others having a joint interest with me. Tbo
purchases were all made at the lowest point of
the season, beginning on the first day of October
last. The result has heen a nett loss of 85993,
and 1S8 bales of wool yet unsold equal only to
the fraction of a penny sterling on each pound.
Not a fleece of the wool was sold to meet the
payment of drafts drawn against it, nor was any
portion of it unduly pressed upon the market; and
this loss arose Irom causes unnecessary, easily a
voided, and entirely within the control of patties
in this country.
The prices of I'nited State Flece Wool are af
fected very injurously in foreign markets by its
unclean condition. It contains loo much oil, and
yolk and dirt. The sheep are generally washed
with too little care, and run too long after wash
ing before shearing. A large portion of the wool
trom this cause must pass through the hands of
those who sou it and scour it in soap and water,
before it is sold to the manufacturers.
The wool itself is of (superior staple, and
while upon the sheep is inferior to no other in the
world, of equal grade; anTl it may be safely slated
that every pound of oil, other worthless substance,
w iil, in ihe English maikets, deduct from the
the value of the wool containing il,lhe price.ut least
of two pounds of wool. English Manufacturers
and stiiplers before purchasing, open a portion of
the fl eces, and examine carefully, not only tht
fineness, but also the strength of ihe staple, md its
condili 'ii throughout.
The first important operation in preparing our
fleece wool for export, U hi properly cleanse it
before shearing. The sheep should be washed
in clear running water the w ater must run free
ly through every pari ol ihe fleece, and the wool
and every part of it should be pressed and worked
w ilh the binds wliile under water, utitill the dirt
and oil a-e removed, and the water ruus off clear.
The shearing should then lake place as soon a
the sheep become dry af.er washing.
Then comes the hftng up of the llecces.
All the loose locks, clippings ai d Mgs.and eve:y
thing U'l.'.lean, or of an inferior quality, and coarse
wool from the thighs if ihere b : any, should be
wholly rejected, and the Heem's tied up firmly so
as to keep heir shape, end show, as is cuslornury ,
ihe host part of the fleece on the outside.
This terminates the wi.ol grower's part but I
will here remark, that sheep should be kept as
Marty as possible in uniformly good health and
flsh, because every portion of :he staple or fibre
of the wool which grows while the sheep is very
poor from disease or wan of food, has so liillo
s! length us to break in working; and if this week
growth takes place in the fall of the year, it d;.
slroys the 11 ece fir many purposes.
How to" get a Dinner. One evening, Sheridan
not knowing whereto go for a dinner, sat down by
Michael Angelo Taylor, in the House of Commons,
and said "There is a law question likely to arise
presently, on which, from your knowledgs, vou will
be wanted to reply to Pitt, 60 I hope you will not
think of leaving the House." Michael sat down
with no little pleasure, while Sheridan slipped out,
walked over to Michael's house, and ordered up his
but whether it be right or wrong, may my services ! dinner, saying to the servants "Your master is
always de devoted to my country, is the reading we
give the sentiment, and in this sense we find no fault
with it. But if we are to understand by it, that we
are bound to support the country in an unrighteous
course of policy, and "the country," is to be construed
to mean the administration, we shall do no such thing
We shall not become traitors to the people, and the
Constitution, to uphold the President in his course
of usurpation, although every press in the United
States that ever received an advertisement or a job
from Government should spit its addervenom upon
Raii.ro ah Accident. A collision occurred at the
Depot in this village one day last week between a
locomotive and train coming from the west, and a
train just backing from the side to the main track.
Fortunately no further damage was done than the
breaking of one set of wheels, and some of the wood
Of Governments, that of the mob is the most ; work of the engine. The rear car in the train struck
sanguinary, that of' soldiers the most expensive. was precipitated from its wheels on to a rack in front I there seems to be no way of taking bold of him or
and that of civilians the r.nt vexatious. j of it, but without damage to its loading.
not coming home this evening." He made an ex
cellent dinner, came back to release him, saying "I
am sorry to have kept you; for, after all, I believe
this matter will not come off to-night." Michael
walked home, and heard, to his no little consterna
tion, when he rang for dinner "Mr Sheridan had
it, sir, about two hours ago.
Curious Business. The Washington Correspon
dent of the Richmond Times and Compiler says that
Ex-Senator Tappan, of Ohio having been appointed
to inspect and arrange the mineralogical collection
brought home by theExploring Expedition,and being
allowed where there were duplicates to take one
of each for his services, provided he left all the beet
specimens, appropriated all the best specimens to
himself, and has sent them off to Ohio, making by
the operation from $20,000 to $25,000. When it
was discovered a short time 6ince, his office was in
stantly taken away, and he has gone home. But
Michigan Volunteers. We copy from the Free
Press the following list of military companies which
have tended their services to form the Regiment of
Volunteers required by the President.
1. The Montgomery Guards,of Detroit under com
mand of Captain Wm. O'Callanban.
2. Tbe Adrian Guards, of Adrian, Lenawee coun
ty, Capt. Daniel Hicks.
3. The LaFayette Guards of Detroit, Capt. Clar
oux. 4. The Battle Creek Rifle Company of Battle
Creek, Calhoun bounty, Capt. S. W. Dodge.
5. The Scott Guards, of Detroit,Captain Nicholas
6. The Brady Guards, of Detroit, Captain A. S.
7. The St. Clair Guards, of St. Clair county,Capt.
S. W. Brown.
8. The Union Grays of Berrien county,Capt. Stad
ler. In addition, a volunteer company which is already
composed of forty men, has been raised at Jackson
by Capt. J. G. Davis, who has notified the Adjutant
General that as soon as its complement of men is
completed will offer their services.
I of recovering the minerals.
Kidnapper Arrested. Thomas Finnegan, the
notorious kidnapper, who during last fall 6old a
whole family of free negroes from Adams county,
Pa., to a gentleman in Virginia, as slaves, was ar
rested a few days in Gettysburgh, and imprisoned
Death of R. S. Reed. We rpgret to learn
the death of Hon. R. S. Reed, at his residence,
Erie. Pa. about 4 o'clock on the morning of the 2d
instant, after a short illness. Mr. Reed has been
long known as one of the most enterprising busi.
ness men in the West, and a large circle of friends
will mourn his loss. Free Press.
MILITARY MOV E M FNTS.
We have New Oi leans papers of ihe 27 h con
taining no iiiielligci.ee from the Mexican frontier.
We i xtract tbe f dlnwing item :
Orders from Washington. Gen- G.iiurx ves
teidav received a an offi :ial com mmicati m fr en
Washington, countermanding his otdt r for raising
a regiment of mounted gunmen.
The Legislature ot Louisiana has voted $500
for a sword lor G n. Taylor. Memphis has rais
ee 500 volunteers lor the U. S. service.
The Mexican steamer?, whose departure for V
Cruz we not red yesterday, were in the posses
sion of a firm ai Havana as security for a loan of
$000,000. The firm being desirous ofprol-ct-i"g
iheir own interest, to..k advantage of Ihe ab
sence of the American squadron u;ider Com. Con
ner, to send them to Havana, a neuiial port, under
the colors of their own mi lion. This is ihe prob
able cause, and upon the face of things it is very
unl.kely thai the British Government has auylhing
to do w ith 'f.
The U. S. schooner Fiirr, v ii h a crew of 62
men, left the city lust night for ihe lir;iz-s Santi
ago. Not the first dollar of appropriations have
yet been made here. The disbursing eflicers are
over head in debt. They do not seem to under.
s:and matters v Wahi-igt-ei. --jV O. Bee 2lhm
Steamboat Accident. vt e r"rut to learn
that a senous accident occurred oi ihe steamboat
Gen. Scott, la.l Saturn iv ftwffi in. on her trip
from the S iull to Aachiia w. When about 2J
miles east of ihe latier place, her boiler burst, scal
ding three men. One of them, Dominique Wil
liams, a fireman, died the next morning. The
other two, John L. Packard, a fireman, and Jo
seph Robur, deck hand, were not dangerously in
jured. Detroit Advertiser.
Making an Odd Fellow Quite an amus
ing trial came off last we k before ihe Court id
Common P. eas nf this district. It appeared that
a parly of mischievious Sand-Hi!l wags perswua
d d an indolent fellow named liarentine that he
could get rid of w orking if lie would let them
make him an Odd Fellow ; thai the order in Co
lumbia would allow him iwetuy-five dollars per
quarter for life, when he was initiated ; which wa
done by branding ! The persuasions of his com
rades and ihe prospect of ease and comparative
affluence, influenced him to submit to the opera
tion, which was done ma most barbarous manner
with a common cat'Je-brand applied to the fleshv
part of his body seven times. The fellow stated
that ihe first application hurt so much that he beg.
ged them to desist, but ihey told him unless it wu
well done he could not pass an examination.
When cross-questoned by the defendants' counsel
with an implied doubt ol the truth of his evidence,
he offered to exhibit the stem reality itself m
corroboration, but his honor the Judge said ho
would dispense with that sort of testimony. The
fact however was established to the satisfaction
of the court by other testimony. The perpetra
tors of '.he ourage were found guilty, but appeal
ed from the verdict of the jury. Columbia Chron
Contentment. Is that beast belter that hath two
or three mountains to graze over, (ban a little bee
that feeds on the dew, or manna, and lives upon
what falls every day from ihe store bouses of heav
en, clouds and providence? Can a man quench
hia thirst better out of a river than o full urn ; or
drink better from a fountain which is fioeiy paved
with marble, than when it wells over the green
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