Newspaper Page Text
A Jjetter from Santa Anna.
The Southern papers contain the following letter, translated frero El Repnblicano of the city of Mexico, in which paper it is announced u an "official letter of bis excellency the General-in-Chief, ( Sauta Anna,) accompanying tome intercepted documents of the enemy :' Haadquarters, Puebla, May 13, Army of Operations. Excellent Sir: The commandant of the fly in revenue guard of tobacco of Orizaba, the Col. D. Juan N. Caraveo, whom I left with his ind near the national road, between re- rote and Nopalucan, to observe tbe movements of the enemy and to harass him when the op portunity might offer, has remitted to me the accompanying documents, whieh were taken from the enem's ma-il which left Jalapa for Col. Worth's camp. Among them yra will find Gen. Scott's pro clamation to the Mexican nation, which from its style appears to have been written original ly in Spanish and not translated from the Eng lish. This proclamation of Scott's is written with the moat refined hypocrisy and with the most Ifffamous perfidy. It is the greatest insult yet offered to the Mexican people, whom it has at tempted to lull (a quicn se prelende adormecer) to make the victim of the ambition of that na tion which the enemy of cut race, w hen in an other place it feels no embarrassment in pro claiming by the press and in official documents that k carries on against us a war of conquest, end that this war must be made at tbe cost of the blood and treasure of this unfortunate coun try. Yoor Excellency will note, in one of the ac companying intercepted letters, that Scott, the Inspector General of the United States Army,, considers the above proclamation well adapted to aid tbe views of the invaders. You will observe that this letter harmonizes with ethers which have been lately published in this capital, and which with reason have been regarded by all well-disposed Mexicans as more prejudicial for the venom (ponzona) which they conceal than the loss of a battle. But in the midst of the malevolence (encona) which. Gen. Scott shows he has against tm, he does me too much honor when he says that they had been deeervedas to my real intentions, ind" that on acccount of this mistake his Gov-1 ernment permitted mo to pass to my country. Indeed, most excellent sir, the United States aro deceive when they dreamed that I was capable of betraying my country. Before this should happen I woulif prefer to be consumed by fire and my ashes should be scattered, that not a single atom be left. Would to God the Mexicans would open their eyes to discover the poison in the golden chalice that the perfidious Scott proffers to them, and that the reply to his proclamation may be one hout of universal indignation against the in vaders of our soiL Let a war be made against these without period, that when we may no longer be able, because Providence may have decreed the subjugation of this unfortunate country, there may remain to our children or grandee ildren, when the wrath of the Omnipo tent shall have passed, the noble work of of revenging the outrages committed by the Republic of the United States on Mexico. God and Liberty! ANTONIO LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA. To his Excellency the Minister of War and Marine. By Telegraph! Despatches for the Buffalo Morning Express. ?ftv Yonit, Jnno tk T T. M . Nolate arrivals from New Orleans but furth er details, many of them contradictory. Capt. Lauraa, of the Pennsylvania volnnteers, in forms the Picayune that the enemy were forty ing Rio Frio and rapidly progressing with for tifications that an English courier had arrived at Vera Cms the night before the. etv Orleans left. It was said positively that 2.0,000 Mexi cans were engaged on the works: but another account reduces the number to 12,000. Verbal accounts not credited, reported positively the election ot Herrera others that he has declar ed that it was his intention to employ himself in making peace, and had employed Valencia Commander-in-chief, and ordered "the arrest of Santa Annn and Canalizo. The British couri er mentions that when he left the Capital, Her- tera had not been elected; but that Santa Anna wuuuueu to enjoy me uue wun less uiscreait wmii reporieu The same courier contradicted positively the rumor that a large portion of Worth's force bad been cut off at Puebla, but states that Scott was at Puebla, and that Santa Anna was elec ted President on the 15th of May, but declined. Gen. Bravo had resigned as Commander-in-chief. The city is in a dreadful state of confusion. (lriJl& parties had laid waste all the Ran cheros on the road up, and had also driven off all peaceable disposed proprietors. Capt. Walker, in escorting a wagon train to wards Puebla, had a skirmish near Jalapa, with 2- Mexicans Killed 10 wounded as many more. He had several men wounded, but none dangerously. The 2d dragoons had 6 killed and 11 wounded 10 asleep by the rancheros. Walker pursued the enemy, and captured 0 who were forthwith shot. Two severe shocks of earthquakes at Port J'pain. FROM MEXICO. " ! We copy from the New Orleans Pisnvune, cut., iii luuvniug uuioiu ui lih; ui n.i V1VUKUI by the steamer New Orleans Gen. Shields is doing well, and was shortly expected at Vera Cruz. Puebla, Mexico May 29th, 1847. The Division of Gen. Twiggs entered this city to day, all well. There were rumors in the morning that Gens. Bustamunte and Leon vsnn- advancing to. iack Gen. Scott with an immense fore-?, but so far we heard nothing confirming tho reports. Almost every one that the Americans are to have another grand j country, with the express stipulation that they sho'd battle, but where, no one can divine. not dc treated as renl American soldiers, but that, From the Army of Gen. Taylor. We have ;it the end of their service; they should be discharged copy of the Matamoros Flag of the 2d instant.. ;n Oalfornin, with arms in their hands. Col Frc The individual found murdered below Rfeynpea, mont elisted a bodv of 400 men without any an as before mentioned 'by us, turn out to have . ,, ,, I . . r . n i- c t 1 thontv of law, and with them, wi ging war neon een a prtrate in Capt. Paul s company of Mas- 4chnselta volunteers. A company of Ma.-sa- own ,'0,",S- nu,,cd a capitulation to the Gov chnsetts men, under Capt. Walsh, escorting a I "nor of California and his army, train to Camargo, passed the spot a few days These troops are certainly no part of the army ol nine? and identified and buried the body. Capt. J jbc United States, of which, by the Constitution the W. demanded of some Mexicans residing near j Presidents Commander in chief; for by the Con- mr scene w numier 10 prouuee me rntiraerers j or ne wouiu uurn aown tneir rancnos. i he t'ireat had tho desired effect, and three incorri gible scoundrels were handed over to him one oi whom was killed in endeavoring to make his escape, and the other two are imprisoned at Roynwn. Th? clothes of the murdered mm we upon the Mexican who was killed. From the? Flag we learn that Lieut. Col Ab bott, with four companies of Massachusetts voluntas, escorting a wagon train and a num ber of artillery horse-took up the line of march lor Ceratwo on Saturday the 29th ult. Colonel Wrisrht. with the remaining six companies. was to proceed by boat to Camargo, tbenoe to Mon- ' tarey, as .-oon as transportation could be had. I The troops remaining at Matamoros after the departure of tbe Massachusetts Regiment will be three companies of tbe 3d Dragoons- Hagan's, Butler' s and Merrick'. These drag oon companies are not yet famished with horses and it is uncertain when they will be mounted probably, says the Flag, not until they are Called into actual service, without affording an opportunity to drill. From the Rio Grande We learn from Dr. Holland, a passenger on one of the vessel from Brazos Santiago which arrived last evening, that Col. Jack Hays, with his regiment of Tex an Rangers, was at Palo Alto, ready to march for Gen. Taylar's Headquarters. They are said to be a remarkably fine body of men. Our informant on the way down from Gene ral Taylor's camp -met Col. Crogan, Inspector General of the Army, on the way up to join General Taylor, escorted by Mustang Grey and his Company of Texans. Col Doniphan was understood to be still sit Parras. The parting scene between the Mississippi Regiment and Gen Taylor, we are told, was af fecting in the extreme. As the men marched by him to return to their homes, overpowered with a recollection of the high deeds which had endeared them to him, and with their demon strations of reapct and affection, he attempted in vain to address them. With tears stream ing down his furrowed cheeks, all he could say was, kGo on boys go on I can't speak." .V. O. Picayune of June the Glk. THE SENTINEL CHARLES HOODRirr, EDITOR, YPSILANTI, WEDNESDAY JUNE 23, 1847 O Single copies mailed at the Office 5 cents each Three or more of the same number mailed to different addressee, to the order of one person 4 cents. O Postatre on Papers thus sent, one cent within the State, or to a distance not exceeding ort'e hun dred miles; out of it any greater, distance, one and a half cent. IXApolgv. We are compelled to go to press with less than our usual quantity of read ing, in conquence of having to wait the move- ments of its Majesty of Michigan, tbe Central Railroad company, oar type being kit forms we could not work off, until we corrld receive the necessary amount of paper. Whateverin convenience may arise from this source, we trust our readers will bear with all patience, as at least nineteaths of them were the strong ad voactes of the sale. 3 J' We have not time to write Editorially just now, and if we had, we find. our sentiments so mnch better expressed than we should do it, and enforced by bo much greater reputation than we enjoy, that wa are induced to transfer them to our columns in the words of our cotemporaries rather than our own. From The St. Loos Dailt New Era. " An elective despotism is not the Government we fought for.,, Jrfferson's Notes. The press gives us detailed accounts of every bat tle, and depicts in glowing colors every brilliant ex ploit of the war, and every deed of reckless daring performed by any of our troops. And thus are the young and thoughtless too often brought to the opin iou that nothing is glorious but war, and nothing pa triotic but fighting. While the young spirit of the country is misled by the eonstant exhibition of these real danger which threatens. The public mind is not put upon its guard against the incroachments of official power upon the principles of the contitution, and the peaceful, law-abiding spirit of our institu tions. War is the natural enemy and sure destroy er of wrkteh constitutions and liberty, as established and guurdedby law. The very principle of war is brute force, and all its rights arebutthe rights of the strongest. He who has the supreme Command in war is necessarily a despot : he is not an adviser, a governor, a president he is a commander, and as the first duty and highest -virtue of a soldier is obedi ence, the commander's will becomes the only law. And honce always th 'laws are silent amid arms.' Has not thin evil practically and in fact come up on us ? To say nothing for the present about the conduct of the President in bringing on this wur with- out consulting the Congress then in session, his con duct in prosecuting it is dangerous and alarming In thextime. By. his singly authority, as command er of the army, he has assumed the power, and del egated it to his subordinates, to incorporate with our country conquered foreign states ; and has, by mili tary proclamation, imposed a code of civil laws, erec ted courts and appointed officers for the government of the conquered people ; has declared those peo ple citizens of the United States, and with fhe-iirsul-tiug forms of judicial justice, has tried and executed some of them for pretended treason agaliK-iihis gov ernment. By his single authority, as commander of the ar my, he has imposed a tariff of impost duties in all the ports of Mexico now under his power, or hereaf ter to he conquered. Revenue thus to be derived, is not to go into tho treasury, nor to be accounted for f to Congress, ft is the revenue of CominiindcrYoUi, to be collected by his military subordinates, and to be expended for military purpose, as he may think fit to order. 7t is without any limitation as to th? .:,. nf ,:.,. . v 1 i . or the particular objects to which it shall be appro priated. By his single authority, unsanctiont d by any act of congress, he has levied troops, and is even now employing them in conquering a foreign people and subjecting them to the civil jurisdiction of his own military dependents. Gen. Kearney enlisted a- bat talion of mormons, who were emigrants from his eountrv, and already on their inarch to a foreign stitution, Congress alone can raise armies, and Con gress had nothing to do with the raising of these They are Commander Polk's or Gen- Kearny's or Col. Fremont's, for they raised them without lavv rul authority, and are using them as they thinbbest. So the constitution, which gives to congress tho sole power to raise and maintain armies, limits the power, even in Congress, to appropriations of money not exceed two yeara at a time. But, however the President and Congress may, be limited at home by the constitution, the Commander -in-ciucf is not to be baulked by constitutional restrietisns, in his high de- signs tc snlarge thera of Saxon libetty and negro slavery. Having bgun to raise troops of bis own to wage wars of bis own, be most of course have re venue of his own, to support his armies advance his career of glory, independent of Congress. To tbia end the Commander -in-thief has, by his own indi vidual will, and at his own 'unchecked discretion, imposed impost taxes' upon all nations, ourselves in cluded, who trade to Mezco. The amount of this tax is purely discretionary with the Commander-in-chief, and, as yet, he has fixed no limit to its dura tion. He means to support his army with it, and of course he will need the revenue so long as he has occasion for an army. The Commander-in-chief fa a prudent and wise man, like King Charles the First He deals with Congress as that wise Moh- arch dealt with his Parliament. Last winter, a President, he could not persuade Congress to be liberal in the general cause of the Agio-Saxon race. They refused to grant the three millions for Santa Anna, unless with exceptions and provisoes ; and they refused altogether the tax on tea and coffee, which the President and Mr. Walker demanded as indispensable. Determined no longer to be thwar ted and perplexed by constitutional restrictions and eongressiened'obstina'cy, he no longer relies upon his powers and influences as civil Tresidcnt of tbe Uni ted States, but as commander of Vie army he raises men and money by his own inherent prerogative. "Give me money," said Cresar, "and I will get men; and with my men 1 will get more money." 1 u the declining years of the Roman Empire, not only had the Emperor an aflrmy, but every great of ficer of State had cohorts of bis own. Bellisanus reconquered Italy with his own household troops. It is to be feared that that portion of history is not forgotten by our lawless rulers. Post Office Regulations. Th e Post Office Law, as published by the Union, was inacurate in punctuation, and act ually read exactly different from the construc tion put upon it by the P- M. General, and doubtless intended by its framers. Tbe atten tion of Father Ritchie was called to this fact some time since and he has at length conde scended to correct the mistake, ''by authority." The Union adds, by way of a spiteful threat: "The Postmaster General has felt it his du ty to instruct postmasters to forward in the mails, without prepayment, all news-papers coming from the office of publication. If pub lishers shall abuse the liberality extended to them, by sending their papers through the mai Is to persons not ordering them, thus continuing the evils which Congress intended to remedy, it may furnish an additional reason for the pay ment of all printed matter, as recommended by the Postmaeiter General in feis last annual re port. The prepayment of all printed matter ' That would be a fine idea-. The P. M. General did suggest it, but even the last Congress, thought the suggestion unworthy of regard, and we ap prehend the next will be possessed of still more liberal ideas. But what would the De partment gain by the prepayment of printed matter? Absolutely nothing honestly. For if newspapers are taken out by the recipients, the postage is now paid by the quarter in advance. If not taken out,- back goes the first paper re fused to the publisher, and it is-discontinued. In this case the government would in truth get the extra job of carrying the paper twice, and receive the pay for it, but the cases are too rare ao exert a sensible mrtueuce in- ite neceiver of the Department. There is one advantage to the Department to arise from the system of prepayment by publishers, just honorable e nough to tempt the ninnies who naw administer the government. It is this. By it the Department would se cure the postage on the vsst amount of papers which are put into office, and like foundered ships, "never heard of more, We defy any man to keep files, or any 'thing like a regular series of Daily papers from any considerable distance as they arrive by mail. A'plawf dif ference, we have sometimes thought,, indistin guishable between papers of different politics, but this we should say nothing about if half of either kind erercame at alf.. Now for the De partment to receive -payment in advance for all these eases, Throughout the Union would be convenient;-and it might even save some, anx iety on the part of the Deputies, if they even feel any;-for what is the use of lumbering up the mails with the piles of papers which accu mulate at the larger offices, for want of bags to send them on after their contents have been ppread far and wide by Telegraph? None at all. . The Department may just as well take them, receive the postage of the Publishers, send what they can eonviently and use the rest as waste paper! This would be exactly char acteristic of the meaness of the present admin istration. NOTICE. A lecture- will bp given in avo-jacy of the Am?r ican colinization cause in the Seminary Hdll, Ypsi lanti, Thursday eveniug) June 2-1 th, commencing at 8 o'clock: The prrencc of the ladies and gen tlemen is solicited An appointment n published for Monday eve ning, but a enifcC over which we had no control! prevented, therefor? trie citizens will excuse. BHiering that the colonization scheme is predica ted on truths and surrounded with circumstances that make its ultimate success morally certain. And like every other good work, has its violent opposers, with their supposed objections, such as "an institution of the South to perpetuate slavery' objections in thenisevcs untenable. Believing that every ojec tion of importance can be truly overthrown. We make the following proposition to all the opposers of that enterprise. If they will make their objections touchable, that is, so that all can understand what they mean, and accompany them with their proof we will candidly try to answer them as fast as pre sented. They must be made touchable, because, we do not wish to be caught reaching and stretching after untouchable things. Coliazktion is iiot a bundle f fanaticwai. An advocate of that cause oaa; only be successful as he candidly and plainly eitieidates'the truths connected therewith. We do not propose to answer throuorh the press; we hav not ootatnns so to do, btitfroely face ttt&c. O. J. TEAM4& CjF"Inthe English-prices current, the reader frequently finds wheat quoted at so many shil lings "per qr." The following which we find in another journal, may be to such persons not uninteresting: "A quarter of wheat is an En. glish measure of eight standard bushels. If, therefore, one sees wheat quoted at 56 shillings it is 7 shillings per bushel. A shilling is 22 cnts : multiply by 7, and we have $1,57 cts. per bushel. Expanse or tub War. When Mr. Polk's organ delivers his annual Message we shall doubtless be surprised and edified by a long homily on economy and a low estimate of the past and futureexpendrtures and disbursements. Let those who are determined to believe that the President, if ever so honest, is correctly in formed in the matter, or if correctly informed is disposed to give a correct statement, read the following written by an officer of the volunteers, to the JYew Orleans Delta. Speaking off the waste of public property he says: ftn'a matter of comment wherever I go every one talking about it yet no one lifts up bis voice to direct public attention to it. Since the surrender of Vera Cruz, there has been an chored at this place, at Sacrififcios, Lobos and Anton Lizardo, vessel varying in number from 50 to 80 in the Government employ all char tered by the day at prices varying from 40 to $100 per day. Some of them have been here three month's demurrage would pay for You will see anchord within pistol-shot of each other, five and six vessels, with coafor the army the quantity contained in the whole six not being sufficient to fill tbe hold of any one of them. The demurrage of not one of these vessels is less than $60 per day. Is it not the duty of those who have charge of such mat ters here to attend to these thing? Could not the coal in the five vessels be transferred to the one, and let the four be discharged? The surf-boats, which cost us at least 600 apiece are scattered along the beach for miles in extent. Sixty-three surf-boats are bliged and strewed along the beach ih every direction. One day'a attention of the Quartermaster, or his assistant, and one of the hundred vessels or steamers in the pay of the United States, would have saved every one of them. The country can never know the utter waste of public pro perty, as exhibited in the operations at this place, and the reason is obvious-, for almost every man here is the recipient of this same plunder and if an honest man raises his voice against such doings, the sharks, whose very ex istence hangs on this state of things, raise their voicec it most admirable harmony, and cry him down an humble voluuteer officer would be ut terly demoliseed. Fourth of July. At a meeting of the eitizens of Ypsilanti con vened for the purpose of adopting measures for the celebration of the birth diy of Ameri can Independence The following persona were appointed officers of the day and the accompanying resolutions were unanimously adopted: For President of the day JAMES M EDMUNDS For Vice Presidents Gen John Van Fossen, Honorable E M Skinner, Win Willsony James Vanderbelt, Jason Cross, Thos R Brown, Hen ry Compton, Jonathan G Morton, Grove Spen cer, W B. Hewitt, M Norris, Roger Gale, Wm. Dunsmore, John Brewer. En rotas Morton John Philips, Ira Camp. David Hardy, David Stewart, Henry Kimmel, Owen Welch, D, C. McKinstry, Chester Perry, L, L, Forsyth, Ro bert M. Stitt, Win Moore, A, H, Ballard, Jo tham Goodale. For Marshal of the day julius Movrus trt Resolved. That we esteem the declaration of the Independence issued by the American Confess on tbe 4th July, 1776, an event fraught with higher and holier consequences to mankind than any other political event since the commencement of the christian era, and that it is the duty of all good citizens to celebrate, that, the birth day of civil and religious liberty in such manner as shall convey to the minds of the rising1 generation the most vivid and lasting impression of the virtues and patriotism of the men of the revolution, and shall lead them to a just application of the benefits secured to us by the sacrifices of our forefathers 2d. Retolved, That our fellow citrzrn'5 of the surrounding country and villages be respectful ly requestec to join us iir such celebration on Saturday the 3d day of Julyne xt 3d Resolct'd, That we promise each of the Committees this day appointed our active sup porh and co-operation in all such measures as they may deem necessary to carry out tbe spir it and intention of the foregoing resolutions. Gkn. Taylor's CoMiA-:M- itas been sadly re duced by the return of volunteers. A Camar go correspondent in the New York Courier gives the following estimate of the force effec tive and deficient a"nd natnraHy enough dr,fws the conclusion that the Administration designs to coop up Gen, Taylor in the mountains of Mexico, for the purpose of turning public atten tion to other men and other divisions of the Armyi "The twelve months" men being about to be discharged, there will remain with Gen Taylor and under his command, the following troops: 2300 Volunteers, 200 mounted Texan? and ten companies of regulars making the whole nutn- ber about 3200 men. There had been allotted to him four of the new regiments, and a -few of these troops are daily expected to arrive a Mat amoros. Admitting that these regiments are full and here, it wauid thcr.'only make the force on this line abont 6400 men? mid you can safe ly say that 30 per ent of the new arrivals will be sick and unavailable. Deduct from thc-G 100 troops the number re quired to garrison the Brazos, Poiotlsabel, Mat amoros, Camargo, Ceralvo, Monterey, and Sal tillo and it will not leave Gen. Taylor an avail able farce of 2000 men to make a forward move ment.' From Council Bluff. TheSioux PawaM andOmabas, in the neighborhood of the Biutis, are constantly raising war parties to molest each other. . On the 26ih ultim.-a party of seven Sioux came down in the neigborhood of the Otoes, and laid in ambush'near a tileid that the Otoes had prepared for the planting of corn. They fired upon some three squaws who were going towards thedeld, and killed two of them the other escaped and gave the alarm. The warriors pursued the Sioux, and chased them into an extensive wood brake. The Otoes sur rounded the brake, and then set it on hire, and as the Sioux were driven out b) the flames, they were all killed by the infuriated Otoes. The St. Louis Republican calls upon the Government to in'erpose and prevent these out rages TBe Mormons are engaged extensively in Agriculture near the Bluffs. (LAll those who hav'nt paid their fare are requested tocall at the Capt."s office & settle. Despatches for tbe Buffalo Express. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP CAMBRIA. 15 days later from Europe. Decline in Breadstuffs Financial prospect brightening Cotton advanced Death of O'COJS'.XEL. New York, June 16th, 3 P. M. The Cambria arrived at Boston this morn ing, at 9 o'clock-i-i5 days later. Breadstuffs have fallen. Flour went down to 40s; but was 42s on the 4th inst. n Liverpool ; Sour flour, 5Ts to 88s; American Wheat, 10s 6d to 12s per 70 lbs; Iudian Corn steady at about 52s for prime; Corn Meal, 28a31s, with an upward ten dency; Provisions in fair supply demand dull, prices fair; Cotton has advanced. Prices of Iron are supported Financial pros pects animating Crisis over Banks discount more freely Bullion increased million in a week Part of the Russian loan arrived Ex change 106 and 109. O'Connel died at Genoa 15th May. His heart is to be deposited at Rome. His body in Ireland. BY TELEGRAPH! Despatches for the Buffalo Morning Express. New York, June 18, 7 P. M. The W'higs of Maryland have nominated Win. Goldsbourgh, of Dorchester County, for Governor. The steamer Traveller, was damaged to the amount of about $5000, by some of her machi nery giving way, soon after she left New Ha ven last evening, it will take several weeks to repair the damage. Farther itcni bv the Cambria. Accounts from the Provinces speak in cheer ing terms in regard to the coming harvest. The Mexican Consuls at Havre and Marseil les, have protested against the right taken by the U. States forces of substituting their own customs and laws for those of Mexico, and have notified the French Merchants that they must expect their property to be confiscated. Acceunts from Spain say that the differen ces between tlo Quee arid her Consort have arrived to such height that the question of an immediate divorce has been discussed in the cabinet. It wasrtiniored in Madrid, that a new Min istry was about to be formed. The Mexican Privateer which captured the American ship Carmelita, is supposed to be nothing but a Spanish pirate. Dates from Lisbon to the 29th ult states that hostilities were suspended.. The Junta had decided e reject the Convention, and fath- , , . , er instructions from England were anxionmy expected . Some disttirbarce had taken place at Leg- horn on the publication of the Decree relative to tlic press; the dragoons had to be called out to disperse the assemblage. Svvitzkri.and. The new radical constitu tion has been accepted by the people by 5847 votes against 3087. Tbe vote has been re ceived with every demonstration of joy.. There are indications of an insurrectionary movement on Greece. LiBERi.t .The Mary IVilkus, which arrived from Liberia June 2d brings news of the pros perity of the Colony. More attention is being paid to the cultivation oi tfre eartli. An elec - tion was held in May at which delegates were chosen ton convention for forming aConstitu- , , . - e r r r j a formal decbration of sovereignty. A Presi dent will be elected in October or November, I and fWMW government will go into operation Jan. 1st. 1843. CetRAL R.R. Expues. From a notice in our advertising Colunm it will be seen that Messrs. LrviMATO. Fargo Will run a daily express between' this place and Detroit.- Th: enterprising proprietors of this line deserve much credit for heir exertions and faithful at tention to the wants of the public- The Crops. We observe a great diversity of opinion prevailng in different" s&ctions of the country as to the state of the coming harvest, and in others great encouragement is offered for the future The truth no doubt lies between these extremes of opinion.- The crop of wheat for the present year, fake the country,-through may jiot compare witntiie growth of 1846, but miirh morp land hns been nlanted than ever be- j forP.. Where the winter wheat failed, much of i the land has been planted with corn and buck- wheat.- The corn crop vVe ar& surfl wiil be uri exarnpled in quantity, as every where it has been planted more abundantly than ever before. Our convictions are that our Breadstuffs for 1847, unless some unforereen Calamity appears, wii! yield us enough, not only for home con sumption, but the demand for exportation, if Europe is not affajri rfarved out, will be more than equalled. Weare to remember that there are other granaries in the world than the United States, and that fie existing famin in Eng. land and the continent will have stimulated pro duction to its utmost. Ptils Gaz 07 A correspondent of the Milwaukie Ga zette writing from Sandusky City, Ohio, holds the following language in relation to Polk's .Marks, and the Chicago Convention: Exp. While crossing the Delta of the St. Clair, we counted 27 Polk's Marks', so called of 27 vessels grounded on the flats, in their endea vors to thread the narrow and winding channel. It is predicted that these marks wilt be erased by the grand convention to be held ih Chicago! You will be gratified to learn that measures have been, or arc to be taken; for the appoint ment of delegates to the convention by all the towns along the Lakes. fXThe times are said to be harder in Bos ton, among mechanics, than for many years past. Owing to the attention of capitalist hal ving beendrawrraway from real estate i to-Treasury notes and Government stocky there- s much less building in the this-year than usual, and great reluctance on the part of capitalist to make loans upon real estate. For some time past it has been difficult te negotiate even first clnsB mortgages. Boston Mail, Later from Mexico. New York, June 15 1 P. M. (UDates from Vera Cruz to 1st inst., Bra zos 4th inst. Shields is doing well and soon expected at Vera Cruz. Scott left Jalapa on the 23d ult. for Puebla at the head of nearly 600 troops. A letter from tbe city of Mexico May 29th says that Santa Anna resigned yes terday the Presidency, but it is not known yet whether Congress will accept of it. Last week he commenced fortifying Gaudaloupe, Pawon, Mijicazingo, near the suburbs of the city; but unusual approbation was the result, and hence his reason for offering bis resignation. It is supposed it will be accepted and Herrera will receive the nomination. There are only about 9000 troops in the city. An exciting rumor from Puebla mentioned in letters from Vera Cruz, that the citizens of Puebla had rizen on Gen. Worth, and cot off 6 or 700 of his men, the rumor was in every man's mouth at Vera Cruz, and much creden ce given to it. The Picayune's corresponden t, from Vera Cnw, puts little in the rumors Major Hammond, Paymaster, died on the pass age to-Vera Cruz. Twiggs with his division entered Pnebla the 29th. Rumored that Gen erals Bustamente and Leon were advancing in great force to capture Scott, not confirmed, Col. Saur, bearer of despatches to Gen. Scott and Lieu. McDonald, with 7 dragoons out of 8 escorting him were murdured near tbeNational Bridge and the despaches taken. AN the American officers prisoners at the Capital were on parole. Suspicion existed of an attempt to recapture Jalapa. Tbe Banche ro force on the road to Puebla is 600. Jtian Alarez flfs said, with 10,000 Indians is ctrh- ing to exterminate the Yankees. Tbe Yellow Fever was getting serious at Vera rtrz on 30th. The Mexican Government is to be established at Morrellia. Col. Mitchell, with th.' advance of Doniphan's commanu reached Sa illo on the 16th of May. Capt. Reed, with 15 of Doni phan's men and Don Ivarra of Parras, had a severe contest with a large force of Indiana, and 17 Indiaans killed, and 2000 stolen Horses and Mules retaken. The Massachusetts volun teers took up their march to join Taylor on the 19th. Col. Harris, with Texian Rangers, was at Palo Alto. Our force irnder Worth was er- pected to enter Mexico by the 15th inst. The remains of Col. Clay & others arrived at New Orleans on the I5lh inst. Freblricksburg, Va., June 15 12 M The Southern mail bsa just arrived. The rumored defeat of Worth's command at Puebla lusns out to be false. Gen. Herrera has doubt less been elected President of Mexico. Gen. Bravo had resigneed as military Commandant of Mexico. The Mexican Congress had ro moved from the city of Mexico. Gen. Cadwall ader arrived at Vera Cruz on the 1st of June. Buff Express. Opi ning of the Canada Parliament On Tuesday the 8th tbe Earl of Elgin opened the session of the Legislator with a speech from the throne, in which he stated that the Qeen's ministers were ready to surrender tbe control of tbe Post Office to the Colonial authorities whenever the several Legislatures should agree on an efficient and Uniform system that a sur vey of inn proposed line of Railway between Quebec and Halifax was in progress, under the di-reclio of the British Government that be would submit a despatch relative to copyright ' inal me revenue ocruea from putuic works had increased that among the most consoic- 1 ..Tv K , it v. - i toe vvuwiuuim: iw iciiCI Ol tlt'lBlM in famine were the Canadian Indians tft-A there was a growing demand in Europe for the I produce of litis continent and that measures tJ - I l k. I . would be submitted tor extendir:r more ectrer- ally the warehousing facilities to inland porta, and for other commercial improvements. Hm lordship also remarked that "In view ol the large immigration which may be expected to take place this year, itfees ures have been adopted for providing additional accommodation and medual attendance tor tbe sick; and increasing the meats of forward ing the destitute to places where their labor may be required. An increased grant has beea made by the Imperial Parliament in aid of this service. Although it is to be feared that there maybe much want and suffering among certain ; classes of immur vant who arrive this season. i there is reason to beievC that they will be ac I companied by a greater number than usual of j permw possessed of capital, who are likely t j prove an acquisition to the province. By a statute pa.-ed d innff the last sessmn o the Imperial Parliament, tbe Colonial Legiwat- lures areetnpowered to repeal differential dtiUe heretofore imposed in the Colonies in fararef British produce. It is probable that by exerci sing this power you may be enabled laleavfit the consumer without injury to the revenue. The Pfictttrcr which captured She Carme lita waa a felucca of about 80 ton., armed with a long 18-lh pivot gun and smart arms, manned by 35 men all Spaniard?,-oxr.ct one French man. She ?etled well, and undoobtely fitting out at Barcelona by persons rbere who supposed her prizes would be i7nnrediateiy condemned by tbe Spanish autiiritCFf asd who were doing all in their power to have ihe rights of privateen to paptute Ameican ?es-;els recognized. The Government has orded tho Princeton 1o tbeA Mediteraneon in pursuit of this other armed ves sels warring upon our commerce. fJjfThe Washington Union can discover no evidonce of extraordinary sagacity in Santa Anna." Nor can we, To be sure he outwitted Mr. Polk but that's nothing. For what warlike exploit was Mr. Marcyap bointed Secretary of XVarl-Albany Journal. Some think that it was for his unprecedented charge upon the State ofJYHi York. The Washington Union cannot sink as long as the vetran Ritchie is connected vith It, Doy lestown ( Pa.)Dem. Not if a big bag can keep it afloat.--Prent. CENTRAL RAILROAD EXPRESS. fglHG SUBSCRIBER would rfc-pcctfully in, M. form tiie public, that on and after the Mon day next, (June 14.) they will rurt a DAILY" EXPRESS FROM DETROIT TO KALAMAZOO, AMD RETURN, Tney will take charge of, and deliver at the different Stations, any -packages of Money, Spe cie or er"ebund:se entrusted to their care, and at reasonable cli urges. Ofders sent to us from the coinitry will be executed if possible, the same evenrng tney are receded, and returns made bf next (fay's Ejfyress.-. Every exertion on the part ot themselves, and messengers, will tend to make this x safe and expeditious route, It will com. nectai Dtrou wuh ibeir Eastern Represses for Cleveland. Buffalo, Albany. New York, Boston, and nil the intermediate cities and tnwns, and at Kalamazoo with their Western Express for Chi cago, Milwaukie, ORDERS, addressed to them or their Agents, will be forwarded FREE, but in no other ease will letters or any Ulrilten communication be U ken under any circumstances, PACKAGES. &c, will be called for, and de. livered-at Detroit, wiihout extra charge. LIVINGSTON &. FARGO. Ypsilanti June 12. 147. B.POLLETT. "!-