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WDOffSl-LKAN AND TIIK WAR.
The following letter says the Ci.icinnatti Gazette,) uab written to a gentlemen in this v late, and has heen furnished M fur publication. The opinions of our distinguished men, upon the war and the mean.- nf ending it should be known Judge Mclean occupies a high official position and has been named and lias main friends in the several states for the Presidency, Bis opinions and suggcstii ns will be h'ghiy ap preciated, nd tend to diuct the public atten tion to the ruinous consequences of this war. 1 h I. Adv. Washington, Jan. 7, 143. My Dear Sir To all human appearances the termination of this miserable war with Mexico, is more remote than whrn the first Wow was struck. In my judgment it was un necessarily an 1 unconstitutionally commenceil, by marclumr our army into disputed territory in possession of Mexico. And, 1 think, that Con press, who unpiestionablv have the power, should put an end to the war on just and hon orable principles. After agreeing upon the terms on which a treaty should be made, they should call upon ihe Executive to offer a peace to Mexico upon that basis:an,d during the negotiations hostili ties should be suspended. If the President re fuse to do this in the military appropriation bills, the army should be required to take 6uch positions as shalls carry out the views of Con gress. These bills the President could not ve to, and he would be bound by their requirements. This may be done bv the House. I hope Congress will refuse to issue any more treasury notes. The notes dem&nded, in addi tion to those already in circulation, would Rood the country with that description of a paper. Such an omission wo-ild constitute a govern ment bank,-controlled and managed by a party administration. We have now fifteen millions of treasury notes in circulation, and authority to issge five millions more. I would not in crease the circulation one dollar, but reduce it he fast as posib'e. Such a system would be incomparably more dangerous to the public morals and the public liberty, than any other system of hanking that could be devised. ,To meet any deficiency of the revenue to pay the current expenses of the war, I would au thorize loans at par, paying not more thmi six per cent interest, and if loans cannot be made at this rate, let the Administration tesort to a system of taxation, which shall cause the peo ple to feel the expense of the war. All wars should be accompanied by a system of direct and internal taxation. Nothing short of this can show,' in addition to the sacrifice of life, what we pay for military glory. This was the policy in. the better days of the republic. The late war with England was nobly sus tained by the people, not only in the field but by the payment of taxes. And they will sus tain every just war, in which our country shall be involved. But I risk nothing in saying that an attempt to adopt such a system of taxation would wind up the Mexican war in sixty davs. And this shows that the war should bo put to an end. This may be done by Congress in 90 davs, and I prav God that thev may do it. Very trnly yours. JOHN McLEAN. ' . New York, Jan. 297 B. M. WHIG CONGRESSIONAL CAUCUS. A correspondent of the N. Y. Express gives the following recount of the Whig Congres sional Caucus. Washington, Jan. 28. The caucus was well attended : about 100 members were present. Mr-Mangum presided. The question to be considered was: "Shall the whig party go in to a National Lonqention. Some of the Taylor men urged the postpone ment of the questien, and Mr. Gentry of Ten- nesse spoke for an hour and a half against any decision now in tavor of a convention. H urjfed the claims of Gen. Taylor with great force upon the meeting and advocating to run him independent of a Convention, and by the simple and primary organization of the people. The whigs generally however were for a ccn--ventismand noth in g short of a convention would in no event unite upon Gen. Taylor unless he comes out as a whig. The result of the ca cus was a vote 10 to 1 in favor of a convention. (The Commercial Advertiser of this eve ning makes the following announcement in re gard to the treaty of peace. "We are enabled to sa that there are letters in the city from members of Congress of bt i parties declare in the most unequho al fro- thattne outline of a Treaty or arrangement has been received at Washington, eorresron ling generally with the prooositions originai'y made by Mr. Trist to the Mexican Commissioners, snd that it will be aceeeded to by the adminis tration.." Mr. Clay in Texas. The Clarksvitle ( Fex as) Star publishes Mr.Clay's Lexington speech and thus comments upon it: We commend to our readers this last effort of thai distinguished statesman. We ask for it a xalm and unbiased reading, and we would ad vise all to ponder well, before they make up their minds to disregard the warning voice of one who loves his country, its constitution and Liberty;' whose life for fifty years, whose great mind and patriotic heart have been devoted to ihe promotion and pemanency of constitutional liberty, whose -fearless patriotism has ever led him to seek the right, regardless of consequen ces to himself. We are'particularly pleased with that part of Mr. Clay's speech which treats of the power of Congress to declare the objects for which a war shall be commenced, or prosecuted, and we do believe (with him) that a declaration byCon gress, dictated in a spirit of magnanimous lib erality, " Would secure a peace with Mexico, highly honorable to th6 United States, and ac ceptable to the enjiny. Such a declaration we think is doe to ourselves as a nation: it is due to the people of the Uni t d State'that they may know for what object their blood is to be poured out and treasure ex pended. It is due to Mexico as a recognized family of Civilized nations. To ourselves that we may occupy an honorable position in the eyes of the world. To the people, that they may know the object and aim of the govern ment and their own representative?, that they "may have something definite and certain t. de cide upon, and to euable them to correct abuse ' 1 mal-administration, if it exists. To Mex i , that she may know for what she is invaded, n I decide on the question of war or peace. lr. Clay has again and again, -in the mo .riPiu of impending ruin, saved his country, and v look to this, his last effort, as anther pl''ge i f his high and devoted patriotism, and as offer i i the only permanent foundation on whirh its i parity, prosperity and happiness may be se r red and perpetuated. 'irkeydom. It is sari by the St. Ionis Ro .fMih ican, that the Island between the mouth thp Missouri, and St. Charles are litteraKy ew4rmin? 'vith wild turkeys. Upwards of a tii 'iaud have been sen on one roost at a time. THE SENTINEL, YPSIIjAMTlt WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1818. To the Whigs of Michigan. The time for the opening of another Presi dential campaign is rapidly approaching. So soon as the fourth of May next our opponents will enter the field with their candidates; it will no- be long afterwards when the Whigs will throw their banner to the breeze and rush to the onset. Perhaps in June, the Whig National Convention will meet to present to the party some name which shall embody its principles and concentrate all its strength. But it is high time that devoted, sincere Whigs at home, should be buckling on their armour and prepar ing for action. The contest will be violent, from the first moment of its commencement, and when names are once announced, there will be little time enough to act even if all due prep aration is made before hand. The necessary Documents must be on hand. We need not, perhaps, tell our readers that the Whigs of this State are lamentably desti tute of copies of Congressional Speeches, Re ports,Correspondence,&.c. kc. Not that prom inent men are not supplied, but there are alto gether too few in the State for the use of the mass of the People, and for active circulation. This must be remedied. The WHIG PRESS TOO! Need we say again that the WHIG PRESS MUST BE STRENGTHENED. In the virulence of the next campaign, that instrument, whose power is yet but little appreciated, the Telegraph will be freely used. Mails will be hindered and re tarded, and false statements, Roorbacks, mis representations of every kind will be spread through the country and scattered thick as leaves in Autumn, by the pensioned presses of our op ponents, while if our dependence continues to he on Eastern papers, these falsehoods must first retrace their way td where they originated, ere they can be effectually contradicted; and then the contradiction must come by mail in the papers, and have at last but a limited circu lation. Let every who desires his efforts to avail in the coming contest, at once subscribe for the paper printed most convenient to his place of residence, and induce his neighbors to do likewise. When read keep them, or, at least preserve every article that may have a bearing on the coming Presidential question. Every thing relating to the origin, expense, causes, consequences &c. of the war. Every thing showing the incapacity and ambition of the President; everything (and such will be many,) showing the recreancy of the self-styled Dem ocratic party, to Democratic principles. We entreat men who have heretofore been zealous workers in the Whig cause to think of these things, to arise and help us to "start the ball." Is our cause not worth fighting for? Is our country not worth saving? Newspaper Change. The last Number of the Signal of Liberty, contains the valedictory of its former Editor end Publisher, Mr. Foster. Its publication will be rerumed after a few weeks, under the auspicee of the State Anti Slavery Society. That is has been conducted with ability, in the hands of the retiring Editor none can deny : That it has been an efficient worker in the cause it espoused it is unnecessa ry to assert : But that its efforts have always been directed to the best possible means of se curing its object, the amelioration nf the condi tion of the slaves ; or that it has always shown perfect fairness in its representations of those who differed from it, is, perhaps, a little too much. Nevertheless we part with the Signal with regret, and cordialy wish Mr. Foster suc cess in future life. fXThe slowness of the mail, or some oth er cause, has deprived ns of our customary Let ter from the Capital, this week. We cannot learn, however, that anything of importance has transpired. G:N. Scott. The Administration has commen ced a warfare on General Scott, of most uncqualed and atrocious virulence. For this the General may yet have occasion to thank his enemies. His is a character which requires opposition and examination to develope all its sterling qualities. Time will nev er fail to vindicate his cause, and the envenomed shafts aimed at him will assuredly recoil on the head of their author. The following, from the Washing, ton Corrcspodcnt of the Pittsburgh Gazette, shows the feeling on the subject, at the Capital. 1 he treatment of General Scott by the Admin istration, is a rankling sore in the bosom of each of his friends, and with even-generous and just-mind-(1 man of the opposition, with whom I haveconyer sed. It is not alone that he is to be tried by order of the President, nor that Gen. Worth has been dis missed from trial by order of the President, but that he is to be tried in the enemy's country, in the face of the very enemy he has conquered, and amid scenes he has rendered illustrious by his skill, his wisdom and his courage. Nor is this all, for the Court has been constituted contrary to the usages of the coun try, and of gentlemen docidedly prejudiced against the General who is to be subjected to their scrutiny. The praetice'of the country has been from time im memorial to require officers of a superior grade to sit pi judgment upon the alleged offender, and where that was impossible, to have him tried by his equals; But in this case every officer is of an inferior grade, and some of them many grades below him. The design of the Executive appears to have been to de grade this brave man, and by the power of his supe rior authority, as President of the United States, to subject him to every sort of insult which the pride of place and th insolonce of office could suggest. Mr Polk, and his advisers, iu thus matter, have shown themselves destitute of all respect for pre-eminent public service, and the filing instruments for the a buse of the power placed in their hands. The judg ment of the Nation will, I am sure, cry shame ! upon such a proceeding. IXTThe Cleveland Herald says, that the Hon. Win. II. Sawyer has been apppointed bv the President, Minister to Bolojrna ! To the ditor of the Ypsilanti Sentinel, December 14, 1847. The following is a statement of the amount chairman of the Com- ' paid into my hands as mittee to receive Subscriptions for tbe relief , of the suffering Irish. SUBSCRIPTIONS RECEIVED IN CASH. Wyandotte Lodge, No. 10, I.O.O.F. $100 00 P. W. Sage, 3 00 E. W. Pitkin, 2 00 A. A. Copeland. 1 00 W. Stafford, 3 00 John Minnis, 4 00 E. M. Skinner, 2 00 Richard J. Martin, 1 00 A. L. Larue, 1 2 00 Thomas Smith, 1 00 Samuel D. Hill, 1 00 Simeon Willson 1 00 W. Jarvis, 1 00 James Lyon, 1 00 James L. Louden, 1 00 J. MCeffertv, 50 Francis Davis, 1 00 Chas. W. Glover, 50 George Davis 1 00 Wm. Brown, 1 09 John Elton, 50 F. K. Rexford, 5 00 C. Lovder, 2 50 A. L. Chase, 1 00 J. W. Fields, 1 00 The amount reed. 137 69 The whole of the above amount was expended by me in the purchase of Fine Flour, at 2 50 per bbl. Which procured 65 bbls. fine flour. The following subscriptions were received in flour, viz: Mark Norris, 10 bbls Flour Rev. I. M. Weed, 1 " " John Phillips, 4 Grove Spencer, 2 G. N. Skinner, 3 H. E. DeGarmo, 1 Rev. J. M. Crippin, 1 Wm. Cross, 2 L. Winters, 1 Patrick Kelley, 1 W. R. Martin, 1 G. R. King, 2 Chas. Moore, 2 Ario Pardee, 2 T. O. Hill, 1 4 James Monaghan, 2 A. Collins, 2 W. Watts, 1 Peter Etchel, 1 J. Starkweather, & T. R Brown 1 T. Showerman 8 G. M'Dougall 1 J. MTJefferty &. W.A Buekbee 1 Ross, Nichols Is Sargeson, 1 Havens, Morgan k Burnes, 1 A. Burgoyne, 1 Making the total amount 104 bbls flour. Which were delivered into my hands and were by mc sent to Chas. C. Trowbridge, Chairman of the State committee, raised for the purpose of procuring relief of the suffering poor of Ire land. TheState committee have acknowledged the receipt of the above in their repot t, publish ed in the Detroit Daily Advertiser. MARK NORRIS, Chairman of Committee. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP ACADIA! The Steamer Acadia was Telegraphed at Boston at 11 o'clock A. M. on Wednesday, the 2d inst. She brings dates to the 14th Jan. The general news is unimportant. Several additional failures are reported, although the general 6tate of commercial affairs are consid ered more favorable. The produce market is represented as rather heavy and without material change since for mer advices. Look out, every Body. Two dollar bills on the Farmers' andMechan ics' Bank of this City, altered to tens, are in circulation in Wisconsin. The alteration is made by pasting the figure 10 over the 2, and although clumsily done might deceive many. It will be detected by holding the biil to the light. Adv Probable Whig U. S. Senator from Louisia na Later from Jamaca and Bolivia .Mur der, dj-c. New York, Jan 31 7 P. M. Attempts have been made in the Legislature of Louisiana to elect a Senator to Congress, but the vote resulted every time in a tie,between Mr. Bennar, Whig, and John Slidel,Demcrat. The name of the whig candidate for U.S. Sen ator in La., is Venner. not Bennar, as reported above. The N. Orleans Bee says it looks for the election of a whig, inasmuch as there is a clear and ascertained majority on joint ballot. Accounts from Jamacia state that the plan ters in all parts of the Island have abandoned their crops, on account of the scarcity of la borers and want of funds. The difficulty between Hon. Reverdy John son and Mr. Brent has been honorably adjusted. The Poughkeepsie Journal states that a col ored man named John Yates, and his wife, resi ding in Pleasant Valley, took their child, 19 months old, and placed it in a hot stove, burn ing it to death. A letter from Valparaiso, dated Nov. 30,says that a Revolution has broken out in Bolivia, which promises to be successful in displacing the existing government. Peace with Mexico. We are indebted, says the Courier and En quirer, to a gentleman of high character in N. Orleans, who has every means of hearing what is being done in Mexico, for the following let ter. By this It would appear, that although "Mr. Trial has actually signed a Treaty," the messenger to whom it has been entrusted en trusted, or rather to whom it was to be entrus ted, had not reached New Orleans. This, we presume, is the true state of the case. That Mr. Trist has communicated to the administra tion the fact of having brought the negotiation to a close, admits of no question; and if it was deemed advisable or necessary to have the Mex ican authorities approve the treaty before trans mitting it, of course some delay was necessary and it could not be forwarded with his despatch apprizing the government of what he hati done. That Mexico has agreed to terms fer more onerous than the people of the United States will insist upon, ice have not a doubt; nor do we doubt, that within sixty days all our difficul ties with Mexico will be satifactorily adjusted: "New Or lb a. vs, Jan. 16, 1848. Dear Snt I have information from a source on which full reliance may be placed, that Mr. Trist has actually signed treaty, and that a messenger with it may be expected by tne next arrival from Vera Cruz. Congressional. Society in Washington. The metropolis is Washington, Jan. 26. J in the very midst of its winter gaiety and ex t.. tt., ,,,r,i Mr Vinton rrnm citement, and there is variety enough to grat- the committee of Ways and Means reported a ! I ill .nJn rlnKs. wiii.i. in ika onnmnrtn tZ year, making in addition to previous aopropria tion, between 12 and 13 millions chiefly for the expenses of the army, and marine corps, light houses kc., also for charges to Naples, the Papal States, Bolivia, Guatamala.and Eqnador; saleries, contingent expense in keeping trans fer and disbursment of the public monies, and expenses on loaus tnd treasury notes. Washington, Feb. 1. In the House a resolution was passed reques ting the President to furnish a letter of Gener al Taylor's of the 27th of Jan. 1847, to the Se cretary of War, if not incompatable with the interests of the country, Stc. f Mr. Turner, of 111., offered a resolution for an nexing New Mexico and Upper California to the United States, which was laid on the tnble, jns some members expressed a desire to discuss it. Mr. Clingman offered a resolution requiring the Secretary of War to communicate the plan of the campaign as recommended by General Scott, with copies of the charges on which the court of inquiry has recently been ordered, and all correspondence from Gen. hcott since tne capture of Vera Cruz. The House refused by a vote of 98 to 82 to suspend the rules and the resolution was laid on over. Buffalo, Feb. 23 P. M. It is rumored that Gov. Young has pardoned Midshipman Pollock, recently convicted for an attempt on the life of Mr. Jewett of the Com mercial Advertiser. From Messina. New York, Jan 27. Through Capt. Ward, of the Btig Detroit, from Messina, we learn that the whole of Fer dinand 2drs Kingdom of Naples and Sicily is in an unsettled state, and apparently on the verge of a political revolution. The day pre vious to Capt. W's sailing, (Dec. 5th,) a ru mor reached Messina, that the populace had risen against the governmental officers, at both Palermo and Naples. The popular feeling is, and has been for some time past, in a highly excited state. We had dates of 28th Dec, from Naples, by the Cambria a fortnight later than the above date of Capt. Ward's departure and then no distarbence had occurred in Sicily. Important from the South Fighting among the Indians. New York, Feb. 13 P. M. The steamer Globe arrived at New Orleans from Galveston, Jan. 22d, bringing intelligence that war had broken out between the Delawares and Camanches. One desperate battle had been fought, in which the Delawares were de feated with a loss of 22 warriors. The alleged cause of the war. was an inc rsior of the Del aware upon the hunting grounds of the Caman ches, and also favoring the whites in the war between the Indian tribes and Texas. The loss of the warriors had excited t he Dei aware nation to revenge, and they would proba bly have considerable force to engage in future conflicts. A general Indian war is apprehended and it was rumored that several tribes had vol unteered to carry the war to the City of Mexi co. A party of Camanches state that 12 horses were stolen from camp, from Capt. Little, on the Scio. Lt. Cozzens and 12 men followed them, and, in 3 days, overtook and routed the Indians killing 7. They recaptured the hor ses, and took several others belonging to the Indians. The ff'ildrrness of Tanuiulipas. The ter ritory between the river Nueces and Rio Grande (or Del Norte) is still the same "stupendous desert" as when proclaimed by Mr. C. J. Ing ersoll to be a neutral ground which neither the United States nor Mexico would ever attempt to appropriate until there to moved and instiga ted by the Spirit of Evil. The American Flag, published at Matamo ras, contains, under date of 3d of this month, a araught of a memorial to the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Texas from the few persons who have settled on the Rio Grande, from which we extract the following statement: "From the settlement on the Rio Grande to the county seat at Corpus Christi it is full five days journey, through a country, almost desti tute of water, not a habitation in the whole dis tance, and dangerous to travellers on account of the Indians and bands of lawless Mexicans. When persons residing on the Rio Grande bor der of the county are cited to appear at Corpus Christi, it takes at least two weeks to comply with the citation, besides subjecting them to the difficulties and dangers of the road." Michigan Volunteers. Official intelligence has been received from the 1st Battalion at If. Orleans. They arrived at that post on the 10th and 1 Ith of January, having been but 15 days en route from this place. This, in the depth of winter, is rapid transition from the extreme north-west to the southernmost city of the U nion. Companies B (Capt. Buel) and C (Capt. Hanscom,) embarked for Vera Cruz on Sunday, the 16th Jan., and the other 4 companies on the 18th. The Battalion were encamped on the battle ground below New Orleans. The health of the men remarkably good. All the men who left Detroit (540) but, were embarked for Vera Cruz. Most of the 10 were left unwell on the route to the Ohio River. The Regiment, when it left New Orleans, was under orders "to pro ceed immediately from Vera Cruz to the Head quarters of Gen. Scotts Army." Lt. Roberts and Cummins were left at the hos pital, though it is expected they will 6oon be a ble to join their regiment. Adv. Volunteers. Three companies of the 2d Bat talion under Lt. Col. A. S. Williams, march this morning for the mad River Railroad en route for Mexico, via Cincinnati. The com panies under orders, are H., Capt. Dean, J., Capt, Van Annan, and K, Capt. Williams. Capt. D. Hicks is ordered to recruit a full company in this State, and then join his regi ment. The officers under orders to remain with him are Lts. Kingsley, Goetchins and Van Bu ren. There are 270 men in the three compa nies that march. Lts. Whipple acting assis tant Commissary Deurl, Snyder, Luce acting ajutant Comotock, Pierce, Wright, Taylor Brownell accompanying the command. Adv. Great Fire in Toronto. On the morning of the 1st a fire broke out in the block hounded on the North by Colborne, on the west by Church and on the South by Colborn and front streets. The whole block, with the exception of the S. E. angle was destreyed. We note the destruc tion of 23 houses, of which some 16 or 17 were taverns! The loss is heavy with but few in stances of insurance. (L7The Democratic State Convention unan iuiously nominated Gen. Cass for President. ,fV 51,1 xXc- rhe President keeps open house ted. There is music, dancing, and, verv nron- erly, no expensive entertainment. There are smaller parties often, and in turn the Execu tive invites all of the Judges, Senators, and Re presentatives to dine with him. All, however, do not go. and the excuses for non-attendance relieve the Executive of one-half of his invita tions. Ex-President Adams and family receive their friends every Satin day evening. Large num bers go without invitation, and are most agrc ably entertained intellectually, and without trouble and expense. The expensive suppers, which nre usually the attraction of great par ties, are dispensed with, much to the gratifica tion of those who would avoid that terrible next day, incident to a night's dissipat'on. I met Mr. Clay at a party given to the jud ges, Senators, and Representatives, but main ly to himself, last evening. He was the charm of the social circle, as he always is, and with seventy years, won the hearts ol all the young and beautiful, as when half his present years were upon him. Among the guests wasCrig. Gen. Kearney with whdff you will see Col. Benton again (in his defence of Col. Fremont) labors to provoke a quarrel. The Senator from Missouri, who often forgets himself as a man, and his position as a Senator, would prove, it" he could, that this officer, one of the bravest and best in the Army, was guilty, not only of an untruth, but that lie had deliberately sworn to such. Midshipman Rogers was also amon" the guests, and gave me an interesting account of his adventures. He spoke of the Mexican wo men in that spirit of kindness due to their gen erosity. They were as mothers and sisters to him in his greatest adversity. If the Mexican men are devils, the women have the kindness of angels, and learn the highest of christian pre cepts. "to love their enemies." While admin istering all these personal kindnesses to the distressed, they bear an uncompromising hos tility to us as a nation, and ever will, so long as we occupy their soil. An agent of the Yucatanese is in the city, 1 learn, ready to seil and aunex Yucatan to the United States for an equivalent. His govern ment has hardly outhorised him to do this. Wash. Cor. Pitts. Gaz. Whaling Extraordinary. Great excitement was created at the Sandwich Islands, says the Boston Journal, by the report that several wha lers had been captured on the coast of Calafor nia by privateers. The report was brought by Capt. Fisher of the California, who spoke on the line, the America, Nash of Stonington. The latter reported that he put into Margarita Bay, Lower California, a few weeks before, to whale. Upon nearing the place, he found whales in abundance, and saw over a projecting point of land, the masts of eight whaleships, but no smoke from boiling and no boats in chase of the whales in sight. Soon after, two schoon ers stood out from shore, with sweeps towards hirn. Alarmed at their appearance, he called in his boats, which were in pursuit of whales, and stood off. The denourncnt of this ftory is thus stated in the Polynesian, of April 3d. By late arrivals, it would seem that the cap tured slavers in Margarita Bay, Lower Califor nia, were actually hard at work in the mines, though altogether on their own hook. The crews of the ships Hibernia and Brookline, both of New London, having discovered ashore a vein of something that glittered like gold, they for sook the harpoon, took to the pickaxe, and toil away most manfully in pursuit of the wealth which their imaginations depicted as lying each moment but a few shovels full deep in the earth. After it they dug, some fifty men with all the tools they could raise : a hill one hun dred feet deep, was soon demolished, 700 tons of earth were removed, and about sjjtoOO expen ded. Mining stock rose faster than the South Sea, Mississippi, or Eastern land shares -.slOOO. we hear was offered for one sailor's chance Jack tugged harder in carrying otf'armsfull of the glittering ruck than he had ever strained an oar after a two hundred and titty barrel whale All the spare room in the s.hips was soon filled up. Instead of oil barrels were crammed with solid gold. There it lay in shining heaps, as in a geni's cave. Each man had but to help himself to a fortune which would put Croesus to the blush. The Brookline brought some thirty barrels of the ore here, and very gener ously gave it away, some knowing one having had the audacity to dispell the golden dream by declaring the whole to be a heap of that very common and valueless mineral, iron pyrites, or sulphnret of iron. However, they are not the first sailors whose imaginations have been cap tivated by its glitter. Soon after the discovery of Hudson's Bay, several ships returned to Eng land from that quarter laden with the same min eral, which had been mistaken for gold ore. Four-score and Ti n. Died, at the residence of his son, Mr. David Hilderbrand, near this place, on the 20th inst., Mr. John Ilihlerbrand one of the oldest men in the Nation. Mr. Hil derbrand wss a native of Pennsylvania, of Ger man extraction, and was born on the 12th of Feb. 1775, and was consequently aged 92 years 10 months, and 8 days. He came among the Cherokees east of the Mississippi more than 50 years ago, among whom he intermarried. He retained a remarkable degree of activity up to within a short time of his death. He has left more than one hundred lineal oescendaats, a majority of whom are now residing among the Cherokees. Cherokee Advocate War. The Newark Daily Advcrfiser of yes terday says : "A sviall company of battered soldiers passed through with the railroad train yesterday, on their way home f.om the battle fields of Mexico, having had quite enough of gore and glery. One of them, a modest sensible-looking man, mentioned that he was the on ly survivor of twenty-one men who left Water bury (Conn) about a year ago a sad messen ger to twenty heart-stricken families," More Romance. The Charleston Patriot mentions a circumstance which is related in a etter from Key West, that may be classed a mong the romantic. A short time since a ves sel, bound to Mexico, ran ashore on the reef. Among the crew was a beautiful young lady disguised ag a boy. The crew supposing her to be what her garments represented her, she was requested to take her regular spell at the pumps. She revealed her situation and sex to the captain, who, of course, relieved her at once from a position so unsuitable to the previous habits of her life. She is of a vory respectable family at the Noith, and has an attachment for one who had gone forth to fight his country's battles in Mexico. Hearing that her lover had been wounded, she had assumed a boy's attire, and eloped from the paternal roof for the pur pose of joining her sweetheart, and nursing him on his bed of sickness and pain. She has been treated with great kindness by the hospitable people of Key West, and is to be sent home, doubtless much against her inclination. College Difficulty. A difficulty is said to have occured at the Ala. State University, re sulting in the suspension of some forty or more studeiits. The cause is not stated. Further News by the Acadia. Thomas G. Gilpin, U. S. Counsel at Belfast ib ueau. The health of the Lord Chancellor of Ireland is improving. The repeal party are much at variance. Mr. J. O'Connel made an attempt at Limer ick to arrange the difficulties between the young and old Irishmen, which signally failed. The Pope has addressed the German Diet, complaining of the sacriligious acts which were committed in the federal expedition, and of the dismissal of several religious orders, the exist ence of which in Switzerland, has,he says, gen erated by compact. Tho hostile feeling existing in Italy towards the Austrians seems to be undiminished. Demonstrations in favor of the Pope are still taking place. An arrangement has been entered into be tween the Roman and Sardinian governments to proceed co-incidentally with their reforms. The Plover, fitted at Sheertiess to proceed in search of Sir John Franklin's expedition, sailed on the 1st ulf. Accounts from Naples confirms the report that the Swiss in the service of the King have declared they will never consent to act against the people. Several shocks of earthquaks were felt at Lisbon on the 16th and 19th. Portugal remains in an apparently quiet state. The Cortes were opened on the 2d of Jan. Tne Hibernia which left New York on the 2 1 ult., had not arrived when the Acadia sailer. Bishop Hampden was confirmed in his new dignity as Bishop of Herdford, London, on the 13th amidst a great crowd of people, by whom he was loudly cheered. The Emperor of Russia is said to be serious ly ill. Also the King of Sardinia. The difficulty between Turkey and Greece has been amicably settled the Calmut at Athens having made the apologies and repara tion demanded by the Porte. The intelligence from Syria indicates that the natives are not yet entirely brought under the British yoke. In the Gomsoor Jungles, some disturbances had taken place but not of a serious character. The intelligence from China is of a most pa cific character. Accounts are given of a much better state of feelitg at Canton: the factory residents having in a number of instances perambulated,and even gone outside of the walls without molestation. Trade has also somewhat improved. There was but little diminution in the extent and nature of crime in Ireland. The distress in the south and west are becoming daily more se vere. Abel Kader has surrendered to the Due Dau mala at Algeria. TheQueen of Spain is in a most critical state expected to be fatal. A farther reduction of the army of occupa tion of Switzerland has been ordered. Austria Prussia and France have determined to demand the withdrawal of the troaps from the different Cantons, and to restore their independency. Pius IX progresses with his constitutional reforms to the great satisfaction of his subjects. An immediate revolt was expected at Naples. Reports of a collision between the military and the people of Milan are confirmed. A sangu nary massacre has taken place. The prices of stocks had advanced. Consuls rose from 85g to 85$. The Bank of England held over 12,000,000 ir. coin and bullion, and the market was easier. The Princess Adelaide, sister of the King of France is dead . The ship Hellen McXab, of and from Dun dee, to New York, went on shore on the 15th December, near north Ronaldshy. Six persons reported drowned. Her Majesty's steam frigate A venger lost off the northern coast of Africa. There were 260 persons on board, all of whom it is feared are drowned, excepting a Lieutenat and four men. Vessel commanded by a son of Admiral Napier. Specie continues to arrive in London from various parts of the world. Correspondence of tho Pittsburgh Gazette. CO-VURESS. Washington Jan 31, 1848. Skxatf In executive session the appoint ment of Kit Carson as a lieutenant in the army A as rejected as it would onslaugh other meri torious and old officers. Bkhatr. After the organization and the usual presentation of petitions and resolutions, the bill to extend the patent of .Tethro Woods' plough was called up and passed. The Senate then laid aside the morning busi ness and nroeeeded to the discussion of ten re giment bill, and a long speech was made by Mr Downs in its favor. Mr Douglass having obtained the floor the Senate adjourned. Washington, Jan. 29, 1848. Housk, Mr. Vinton chairman of the com mittee of Ways and Means reported the bill providing for the annual appropriations, alsoon making the usual appropriations for the Indian department, also one to provide for the defi ciencies of the previous fiscal year, amounting in all to $13,000,000 exclusively of $5,000,000 previously appropriated. Mr. Vinton in making this demand said he had supposed the discovery of the error of $7, 000,000 in the figures of the Secretary of the Treasury would obviate the neceseity of imme diate action, such was not the case. He had reeeived a letter from the Secretary of the Treasury in which that official had stated that the increased expenses of the war and the de mands upon the Treasury were such that im mediate action was necessary to enable him to meet the expenditures. Mr Ashman called the attention of the House, to this fact and observed that while the Secre-. tary was thus urging action upon his demand far money, his annual Report remained imprinted, though it had been presented to Congress two months.- He would also stato that the Secreta ry of the Treasury had taken the manuscript away from the printer several times for the pur pose of making, as the Secretary said, altera tions. Mr. McKay came to the rescue of tlie Sec retary of the Treasury, saying the House had sufficient information before.it without the Re-? port ef the Secretary, and urged immediate acT tion. The bill was then referred to the Com mittee of the whole upon the state of the Union, The House then went into committee of the whole and proceeded to the settlement of pri vate claims. The bill for the relief of Mary Brown, the mother of Maj. Brown, and the wife, of an officer of that name, was then taken up, and the monthly pension of twenty dollars re duced to eight, and the House adjourned. Spring JYavigation. An extract from apri vate letter to the Chicago Journal, from Mack inac, under date of the fourth of January, says that a warm rain had melted the snow that had hitherto fallen, ond that the Straits were then entirely lrce from ice. This indicates an ear-: ly Spring Navigation, as it can hardly be anti cipated that any future inclemency, before the approach of warm weather will block up this Strait with ice. A New York paper inserts the following: "Wanted a boy to take care of horse relU giouslv inclined.