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Shenandoah herald. [volume] (Woodstock, Va.) 1865-1974, February 14, 1867, Image 1

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FEBRUARY 14, 1867.
NO. 18.
THE •
SHENANDOAH HERALD
Is published iceeldy, by
GATEWOOD & TROUT,
A.t $2.50 per annum, in advance.
Advertisements will be inserted Ht the rate
of SI per square often lines or less for the first in
sertion v and 50 eeiits for each insertion thereafter.
All notices or communication of a personal or pri
vate character, or which are intended or calcula
ted to promote private interests, will be charged
as advertisements.
YEARLY RATES.
t sqiiafe one rear. S12
? “ “ ' “ ... 20
column ‘‘ “ .. 30
U “ “ . 50
\ f* oo
Agents will add their commissions to these rates
^SSf'No paper will be discontinued, except at
tho option of the editors, untill all arrearages
have been settled. •
Tre Shenandoah. Helald having a large and
Vapidly increasing circulation, it is confidently ree
bdimended as a medium for advertising surpassed
by fid either. U numbers among its patrons those
who are able td buy liberally and pav promptly,
and who rely, principally, ripOh the HeuALD fis a
Business Directori(.
Business Cards.
ITTALTOJi & WALTON,
YY ATTORNEY'S at law,
WOODSTOCK, SHENANDOAH CO., VA.
MOSES WALTON. DAVID TI. WALTON.
MOSES WALTON also practises in Warrenand
Page Counties.
P; S. Land Warrants wanted, if furnished by
10th of August. I860, at a fair price.
Any arrangements made with A. O. Walker in
relation to such warrants will be satisfactory.
July 20th, 18GG.
rC. McKAY,
- ATTORNEY AT LAW,
WOODSTOCK. VTRG IN I A,
PRACTICES in the courts of Shenandoah and
Warren counties.
January 12. 180(>-tf
DR J. L. CAMPBELL,
WOODSTOCK, VA.
Having resumed the practice of Medicine, re
spectfully offers his professional scrvines to ihe pub
lic. Office at his residence, opposite the Female
•Seminary. Oct. i.
I)
R. J. H. JOKES,
MOUNT JACKSON. YA.
Offers his professional services to the citizens (
Mount Jackson and vicinity. [Oct. 11—3inp.
T7TRGINIA HOTEL,
v WOODSTOCK, YA.
'This popular Hotel has been newly Sited up. and
the proprietor is now prepared for the entertain
ment of the traveling public. This is the only
•Hotel in the town that was kept open during the
war ; all others were closed, to tine exclusion of
trav elers. The proprietor feels that he has some
claim, from this tact, upon those wiio visit or pass
through our beautiful Valley. He has an abundance
of GRAIN & HAY for horses, having a large and
commodious stable, and experienced ostler. His
table is always furnished with everything desir
able to the most fastidious. In short, his best ef
forts wi'li be used to make his house always a
PLEASANT HOME to all who may be pleas'd to
stop with him. Me feels it unnecessary to say a
word to iris old patrons. Tile treat meat they have
heretofore received at his house is a suifieient
guarrantee t>f a cadi nuance ot their custom.
Oct. 4, 18(15. H. S. G. ALBERT.
J. C, McKay,
Attorney at Jahe.
J. S . Trout,
Ast'r Ld. “ Herald.
McKAY & TROUT,
RIAL ISTATI
FOR THE
VALLEY OF THE SHENAKDOAll,
LOCATED AT
WOODSTOCK, SHENANDOAH, CO., V1RG. j
Office, in Court-yard, or Herald Office.
Pcruon* dexirou* of Pureriaxiug, Gelling. or Ren
ting Real Gitate ici II do ircll by <ij>ply
intj to our Jicai G-lafe Aeucy.
Our System of Advertising is very comprehen
sive, and we have effected such advertising ar- I
rangements throughout the States of Virginia, j
Maryland, Pennsylvania, Delaware. Now Jersey, \
New York, and the West, and by this means we j
expect to find purchasers for all property placed !
upon our Hooks.
We will keep full Descriptive Circulars for
Free 1)Lxtribntinu, which will also contain care- j
fully prepared Essays on the Quality of the land. I
Mineral resources, &c, of the Valiev of Virginia. 1
Dec. 27. 186ti—tf.
NATIONAL HOTEL.
XliH T11E COURT HOUSE, MAIN STREETS
WOOD STOCK, VA
rr^LHS well known Hotel lias been remodeled,
| repainted and papered in handsome style,
and is now open for the reception of visitors and
'boarders; its healthy location, and nearness to
Burner’s White Sulphur and Orkney Spring’s,
will make it a pleasant and healthy summer re
treat in the Valley. During the late war it was
one of the most popular Hotels in Virginia, on ac
count of being always plentiful provided. Charg
es moderate. The subscriber will spare no pains to
make it a pleasant.home to all who may favor him
with their patronage. Terms moderate.
F. SCHEFFER, Proprietor.
June 7, 1SG6—6m.
jyj^A RQUIS & KELLEY’S
Valley Marble Works,
AT STAUNTON, HARRISONBURG, CHAR
LOTTESVILLE AND LEXINGTON.
Jan. 10, 1867—tf.
OLD AMERICAN HOTEL,
Corner Market and Water Streets,
WINCHESTER, VIRGINIA.
The above House has been re-opened, and tlie
lolicits a share of the public patronage.
to
proprietor solicits a share of the public patron:
.Stages and Omnibusses will convey passenger
and from the House. LEY I T. GRIM,
and
.Sept. 27—ly
Proprietor.
SIBERT HOUSE,
Neyt Market, Shenandoah County, Ya.
JOHN MCQUAIDE, - - Proprietor.
g|THIS House having recently been re-lumhhed
I is now open for the accomodation of the public i
THE OFFICE OF THE VALLEY STAGE LINE
IS AT THIS HOUSE. • ;
Dec. 4,1866—tf. |
HO THE L.ADIES!
J Cloaking cloth just received by
Campbell, Danner A Co.
A lot of new cassimers, and goods generally
‘just received by C. D. Jit Co.
AV
ANTED to trade for 500 bush’s corn bv
C. D. & Co.
m
$90
LS. For sale byC. D. & CO.
1 Oct. " r
A MONTH!—AttENTS waited for
*ix entirely neic article*, just out. Ad
dress 0. T. GARF.Y, Citv Building, Biddeford, Me.
Hay 31, 1865— Iv.
Baltimore Advertisements.
Pianos.
Pianos.
CIIAI1L.ES M. STIEFF,
manufacturer of
ist Premium Grand and Square
Ii ' ’ .-Sp and *f' Ciimden Street, and 45
- , v } \n'y St,'eeO Warerooms-No.
7 A. Liberty St., above Balto. St.,
v Baltimore, Maryland.
Ti" !«^'r,Ca ‘ 1 ,an°s? " ith ‘be Patent. Agraffe
’ bo ’ r*C n°": PJ-°n««nced by the best Amateurs
n n.d IT U) hL: U!e best Vi*™* now mnnufac
e v.’-n - 'T'.r th°!V freo of every fault, for
• • ,lhe Pr,v,fe?e of exchanging with
SepSa^thS’ U U,,t entire,.v ^tkeiry to
PtA!!0* •*■*» - »“«
1,1)d Parlor Organs from the best
ref«r.to the following parties who have
our i lanes now in use :
<jen. K. E. Lee, Washington College. Lexington;
O’U. Kobert hansom. W ilunhjrton. N. Carolina
Samuel Moore, ('has. Moore. C. W. rtoscuherger
(has. K dice, Mrs. M. J. Memo. l>r. P Beiow
JOtin Wissler, and .'as. L. Miller. Shenandoah. ’
terms lioeraL A call is solicited.
December t>’ ’66—ly.
COAKLEY BROTHERS, •
^ lilI-ni;T..HS AND DEAI.EltS in
v & Shoe Findings,
10 S- Calvert Street. Baltimore, Maryland
\rrEHAVF. oil hand a good selection ofSHOE
„n .HMHNOS and LEATHEB, such as
Spanish, Sbuightcr and Hemlock Sole,
Skirting. French and American Calf-Skins,
Kips. S BufiPatent-Leather, Morocco.
Sheep Skins. Kid Skins, Enamelled
Leather. Lasting*. Galloons, Webbs. Laces; also
Shoe tools, Lasts, Sewing Machines. Ac.,
which we will seii at die lowest, market prifes.
A.l orders from the Country proimuiv attended to
COAKLEY BKOTKKHS.
—ly l(i .S. Calvert St.. Balto.
MM’S E. BASTXSNl
LADIES’ HAIR DRESSER,
AND
CHILD if-T1 X ’ S I T AIL C L T TEL
JNo. 74 LEXINGTOA STREET,
B e t w o e n C h a r 1 e s a u d L 1 b e r t y Streets
B A L T 1 M 0 It K .
Hair Braids. Band, auxs, Curls. Wigs, Ac. *
1 o!i--t Articles, l-ancy Goods, Pcifumeries, Combs.
Brushes, Ac,
May 17, 1866—]y.
J lie Monumental Book Store.
rWRfl. Fn RICHSTSEN,
A 0.178 IF. Baltimore St., Baltimore, 'Md.
HOLLb ALL mid Retail dealer in
. HOOKS. STATIONERY,
AND FANCY ARTICLES.
Photograph Album* (£- Cards.
•^a-fcend tor ««r wfcoL'sftlc price -circular.
Ail ii'.n Otinis and Large Pliidogntphs of
all Prominent Southerners. Whofe«aic and
f'.'rtail.
^^Sead for a ii&t. [May 3. IRGG-y
A RS’CAFFERTyT
WiiOI.tCSAI.K AND RETAIL
BONNET FRAM
lAHDyAB'i'USSS,
.N o fG. Hr.Xi N(. i ON S'] i! i I T. imar Charles
BALTIMORE, Sid.
May. 17, ISUG—ly.
8"S1
St.
"Vf BARE
iS . WITlBTHEOOOTlE S. HANTZ,
1VHCH.E8AI.-B OKA Ll-!it IN
Loots, Shoes, Hats, (Caps, d’- St ran: Goods,
So. 322 West Baltimore Street. Baltimore.
■ \< ARE wil give special attention to the pin
chase of goods, wares, merchandise. Ac.. for coun
iry mei-chartr and others, for u small commission
i!e respectfully solicits their o; tiers. [Oct 11*05
GEO. S. OLOGG
One Door fcoiiih of Baltimore Street.
ospc-ctfully invites the citizens of Woodstock,
_LL:U1<1 the \ ailey to call and examine his large
and extensive assortment of
F I X E HOOTS . SH 0 E S & G A 1 T E It S,
For gentlemen, ladies and children, all of the best
quality ami si lling at reduced prices.
Wholesale and Ilotaii.
-GEO. S CEO GO.
No. 2. S. Calvert St.
June. 7- ly._ Haiti more, J/d
S. SUTHERLAND, ~
yLATij OF RICHMOND, VIRGINIA,)
IMPORTER AND MANUFACTURER. Of
Guns. Pistoles, Fowling and Fishing Tackle,
Pocket Cutlery. Ac.
230 Baltimore St., Baltimore, Md.
nor 18 186(>—!v
*2rt**mtes? *m^u**x**jx ng-.-.wy
Empire Shuttle Sewing Machines
Are superior to all others for
FAMILY AND MANUFACTU
RING PURPOSES.
Contains all the latest improvements : are spee
dy : noiseless: ourable; and easy to work.
Illustrated Circulars free. Agents wanted. Lib
era! discount allowed, No consignments made.
Address, EMPIRE S. M. CO., Broadway, X. Y
jly 19, ’(>6—ly.
Cb 1 Kfi A PER Y EAR! we want Agents
|i) i every \vh -re to sell our improved
S20 Sewing Machines. Three new kinds. Under
and upper feed. S tit on trial. Warranted five
years. Above salary or large commissions paid,
l'iie ON LI machine sold in United States for less
than SB). which ar a fully 'icened bi/ fftnv-e. IF/iec
ler <f- Wilton, Grarer <P Baker, Simjer <£: Co,,
and Baeheider. Ail other cheapmachines are in
frinyemeutu and the seller or user are liable to ar
rest, fine anil imprisonment. Illustrated circulars
aent free. Address, or call upon Shaw & Clark,
at Biddcford. Main, or Chicago, 111.
May 31, I860—ly.
wTtTsha fffr.
Boot and Shoe-Maker,
WOODSTOCK, Va.,
Y170ULD inform th.e public that he is now 1
?V prepared to execute all descriptions of work
in his lino with despatch and neatness. The
cash, or its equivalent in trade, mlist be delivered,
in all eases, before the work leaves the shop.
His shop is at his father’s at west end of town.
Dec. 6, 1866—lm
A. F. Mering & J. T. Grayson,
DEALERS IN
Fruit and Ornamental Trees,
SHRUBBED y, CTAPE VINES <fcc.
A GENTS WANTED!
Address, with good reference.(no others need
apply.) A. F. MERINO A CO,
Winchester, Va.,
Or call upon us at our Ofiice, on Water, St.
Dec. 13. 1866— ly.
AX extra lotofCLusi mer s For sale br
Oct. 16. C. D.' & CO.
POETICAL.
[From the Oirl {Fmird.]
TIIE CHARGE BY THE FORD.
BY THOMAS DUNK ENGLISH.
Eitrhty and nine, with their Captain,
Rode in the enemy’s track.
Rode in the prey of the morning—
Nine of the ninety came back.
Slow rose the mist from the river,
Lighter each moment the way ;
Careless and tearless and fearless,
Galloped they on to the fray.
Singing in tune how the scabbards
Loud on the stirrup-irons rang,
Clinked as the men rose in saddle,
Fell, as they sank, with a clang.
V hat. is it mores by the rirer,
Jatiod and weary and weak ?
Grey-backs—a cross on their banner—
\ onder the foe whom they seek.
Silence ! they see not. they hear not,
Tarrying there by the marge ;
Forward ! draw sabre! Trot ! Gallop !
Charge ! like a hurricane, charge 3
Ah ! 'tvvas a man-trap infernal !
Fire like the deep pit of hell ;
Volley on volley to meet them.
Mixed with the grey rebel’s yell.
Ninety had ridden to battle,
'Tracing the enemy’s track—
Mm; ty had ridden to battle :
Nine ofthe ninety Came back.
Honor uio nine ot the ninety,
Honor the Heroes who came
Scatheless from live hundred muskets,
Safe from the lead-bearing flame.
Eighty and one of the troopers •
Eicon the field of the slain—
Lie on the red field of honor—
Honor the nine who remain.
Cold arc the dead there and gory.
There where the life-blood was spilt;
Back come the nine- with each sabre
Red from the point to the hilt.
Out \\ ith three cheers and a tiger t
L"t the flags wave as they come !
Hive them the blare of the trumpet !
Hive them the roll of the drum 1
[h rom ‘‘Last \ ear of the War for Independence.”]
BY GEN. JDBAL A. EAiyW.
Battle of Winchester*
At. light on the morning of the 19th,
our cavalry pickets at the crossing of the
Opequon on the Berryville road were-dri
ven in, and information having been scut
me of that fact, T immediately "ordered all
the troops at Stephenson’s depot to be in j
readiness to move, directions being given |
for Gordon, who bad arrived at Bunker j
Hill, to move at once, but, by some mis- i
take on the part of my staff officer, the !
latter order was not delivered to General |
Breckinridge or Gordon. I rode at once j
to B'amseur’s pos tion. and found his troops |
in line across the Berryville road skirmish- j
mg with the enemy. Before reaching this '
point, T had ascertained that Gordon was j
not moving, and sent back for him, and
now discoving that the enemy’s advance
was a veal one and in heavy force, I sent
orders for Breckinridge and Bodes to
move up as rapidly as possible. The po
sition occupied by Hamseur, was about
one mile and a half out from Winchester,
uu au eievaie<i piateau netween ADranain s
Creek and lied Bud Run. Abraham’s
Creek crosses the Valley Pike one mile
south of Winchester, and then crosses the
hront Royal road about the same distance :
south-east of the town, and, running east- |
wardly, on the southern side of the Berry- j
ville road, to the Opequou. Ramseur was
therefore in the obtuse angle formed by
the Martinsburg and Front Royal roads.
In front and to the right of him, for some
distance, the country was open Abra
ham’s Creek runs through a deep valley,
and be}'ond it, on the right, is high open j
ground, at the intersection of the Front i
Royal and Millwood roads. To Ramseur’s ■
left the country sloped off to the Red Bud, j
and there were some’ patches of woods j
which afforded cover for troops. To the j
north of the lied Bud, the country is very j
open, affording facilities for the movement j
of any kind of troops. Towards the Ope- j
quon, on the front, the Berry ville road j
through a ravine with hills and woods on
each side, which enabled the enemy to
move his troops under cover, and mask
them out of range of artillery. Nelson’s |
artillery was posted on Ratnseur’s line, j
covering the approaches as far as practica- !
hie, and Lomax with Jackson’s cavalry j
and part of Johnson’s was on the right j
watching the valley of Abraham’s Creek
and the Front Royal road beyond, while !
1' hz Lee was on the left, across the lied
Bud with his cavalry and a battery of j
horse artillery, and a detachment of John
son’s cavalry watched the interval between
Ramseur’s left and the Red Bud. These
troops held the enemy’s main force in
check until Gordon’s and Rodes’ divisions
arrived from Stephenson’s depot. Gor
don’s division arrived first, a little after
ten o’clock, A. M, and was placed under
cover in rear of a piece of wood behind the
interval between Rauiseur’o line and the
Red Bud, the detachment of Johnson’s
cavalry having been removed to the right.
Knowing that it would not do for us to a
wait the shock of the enemy’s attack,
Gordon was directed to examine the
groutid on the left, with a view to attack
ing a force of the enemy which had taken
position in a piece of wood in front of him,
and while he was soeugagel, Rodesarriv
ed with three of his brigades, and was di
rected to form ou Gordon’s right in rear
of another piece of woxls. . While this
wovement was being executed, we discov
ered a heavy column of the enemy, which
had been massed under cover between the
Red Bud and the Berry ville road, moving
to attack Rain sour on iiis left flank, while
another force pressed him in front It
was a moment of imminent and thrilling
danger, as it was impossible for Ramseur’s
diyisian, which numbered only about
1,700 Rinjkpts, to withstand the immense
force advancing against it. The only
chance for us was to hurl Rodes and.
Gordon upon the flank of the advancing
columns, and they were ordered forward
at once to the attack. They advanced in
most gallant style through the woods into
the open ground, and attacked with great
vigor, while Nelson’s artillery stationed on
the right, and Braxton’s on the left, open
ed a destructive fire. But Evans’ brigade
of Gordon’s division, which was on the
extreme left, of oitr infantry, received a
check from- a column of the enemy, and.
was forced back through the woods from
behind which it had advanced, the enemy
following to the very rear of the woods,
and to within musket range of seven pieces
of Braxton’s artillery, which wore without
support. This caused a pause iri our ad
vance and the position was most critical,
for it was apparent that, unless this force
was driven back the day was lost. Brax
ton’s guns, in which now was our only hope,
resolutely stood their ground, and under
the personal superintendence of Lt. Col.
Braxton and Col. T. H. Carter, my then
Chief of Artillery, opened with canister
on the enemy. This fire was so rapid and
well directed that the .enemy staggerer],
halted, and commenced falling hack, leav
ing a battle flag on the ground, whose
hearer was cut down by a canister shot.—
Just then, Battle’s brigade of Bodes’ divis
ion, which, had arrived and been formed in
line for the purpose of advancing to the
support of the rest of the division, moved
forward and swept through the woods,
driving the enemy before it, while Evans’
brigade was rallied ami brought back to
the charge. Our advance, which had been
suspended for a moment, was resumed,
and the enemy’s attacking column were
thrown into great confusion and driven
from the field. This attacking force of
the enemy proved to be the 6th and 19th
corps, and it was a grand sight to see this
immense body hurled back in utter disor
der before my two divisions, numbering a
very little over 5,000 muskets. Ramseur’s
division had received the shock of the ene
my’s attack, and been forced back a little,
but soon recovered itself. Lomax, on the.
right, had held the enemy’s cavalry in
check, and. with part of his force, had
made a gallant charge against a body of
infantry, when Ramseur’s line was being
forced back, thus aiding the latter in reco
vering from the momentary disorder.—
Fitz Lee on the left, from across the Red
Bud, had poured a galling fire into the
enemy’s columns with his sharps!’.outers
and horse artillery, while Nelson's and
Braxton’s batteries performed wonders.1—
This affair occurred about 11 o’clock, A.
M., and a splendid victory had been gain
ed. The ground in front was strewn with
the enemy’s dead and wounded, and some
prisoners had been taken. But on our
side Maj. Gen. Rodes had been killed, in
the very moment of triumph, while con
ducting the attack of his division with
great gallantry and skill, and this was a
heavy blow on me. Brigadier Gen. God
win of Ramseur’s division had been killed,
and Brig. Gen. Godwin, of Gordon’s di
vision had lost an arm. Other 1 rave men and
officers had fallen, and we c* nhl illy bear
the loss of any of them. Had I then had
a body of fresh troops to push our victory,
the day would have been ours, but in this
action, in the early j_art of the 3ay, I had
present, only about 7,000 muskets, about
2,000 civalry, and two battalions of artil
lery with about 30 guns; and they had all
been engaged. Wharton’s division anil i
king’s artillery bad not arrived, and Ini- \
boden’s cavalry under Col. Smith, and
MeCausland’s under Col. Ferguson, were
watching the enemy’s cavalry on the left,
on the Martinsburg roa^md the Opequon.
The enemy had a fros^^trps which had
not been engaged, and there remained his
heavy torce or cavalry. Uur lines were
formed ncross from Abraham’s Creek to
Red Bud and were very attenuated. The
enemy was still to be seen in front in for
midable force, and, away to our right,
across Abraham’s Creek, at the junction I
of the Front Royal and Millwood roads,
he had massed a division of cavalry with
some artillery, overlapping us at least a
mile, while the country was open between
tliis force and the Valley Pike, and the j
Cedar Creek Pike back of the latter; I
which roads furnished my only means of :
retreat in the event of disaster. My line i
did not reach the front Royal, road on the
right, or the Martinsburg road on the left.
When the order was sent for the troops
to move from Stephenson’s depot. General
Breckinridge had moved to the front, with
Wharton’s division and King’s artillery, to
.meet a cavalry force which had driveu our
pickets from the Opequon on the Charles
town road, and that division had become
.heavily engaged with the enemy, and sus
tained and repulsed several determined
charges of his cavalry, while its own flanks
j were in great danger from the enemy’s
main force on the right, and a column of
, his cavalry moving up the Martinsburg
road on the left. After much difficulty and
some hard fighting, Gen. Breckinridge suc
ceeded in extricating his force, and mov
ling up the Martinsburg road to joiu uie,
but be did not reach the field until about
two o’clock in the afternoon.
In the meantime there had been heavy
skirmishing along the line, and the re
ports from the front were that the enemy
was massing for another attack, but it was
impossible to tell where it would fall. As
the danger from the enemy’s cavalry on
the light was very great and Lomax’s
force very weak, Wickham’s brigade of
Fitz Lee’s cavalry bad been sent from the
left to Lomax’s assistance. When Whar
ton’s division arrived, Patton’s brigade of
that division was left to aid Fitz Lee in
guarding the Martinsburg road, against the
force of cavalry which was advancing on
that road watched by Lomax’s two small
brigades; and the rest of the division was
formed in rear of Rode«’ division in the
centre, in order to be moved to any point
that might be attacked. Late in the af
ternoon, two divisions of the enemy’s cav
alry drove in the small force which had
been watching it on the Martinsburg road,
and Crook’s corps, which had not been en
gaged, advanced at the same time on that
Hank, on the north side of lied Bud, and,
before this overwhelming force, f^itton’s
brigade of infantry and Payne’s brigade of
cavalry under Fitz Lee were forced back.
A considerable -force of the enemy’s cav
alry then sTveyt along the Martinsburg road
to the very skirts of Winchester, thus get
ting in the rear of our left flank. Whar
ton’s,two brigades were moved in double
quick time to the left and rear, and, mak
ing a gallant charge on the enemy’s cav
alry, with the aid of King’s artillery, and
some of Braxton’s guns which were turned
to the rear, succeeded in driving it back.
The division was then thrown into line by
Gen. Breckinridge, in rear of our left and
at right angles with the Martinsburg road,
and another charge of the enemy’s cavalry
was handsomely repulsed. But many of
the men on our front line, hearing the fire
m tno rear, and thinking they wore Hank
ed and about to be cut off, commenced fal
ling back, thus producing great confusion.
At the same time, Crook advanced against
our left, and Gordon threw Evans’ brigade
into line to meet him, but the disorder in
the front line became so great, that, after
an obstinate resistance, that brigade was
compelled to retire also. The whole front
line had now given way, but a large por
tion of t oe men were rallied and formed be
hind an indifferent line of breastworks,
which had been made just outside of Win
chester during the first year of the war,
and, with the aid of the artillery which
was brought back to this position, the pro
gress of the enemy’s infantry was arrested.
Wharton’s division maintained its organi
zation on the left, and llamauer fell back
in good order on the right Wickham’s
brigade of cavalry had been brought from
the right, and was in position on Fort Hill
just outside of Winchester on the west.
Just after the advance of the enemy’s in
fantry was checked by our artillery, it was
reported to me that the enemy had got a
round, our right fiank, and as I knew this
was perfectly practicable and was expec
ting such a movement from the cavalry on
the Front Royal road, I gave the orde^ to
retire, but instantly discovering that the
supposed force of the enemy was Ramsuor’s
division, which had merely moved back to
keep in line with the other troops, I gave
the order for the latter to return to the
Works before they had moved twenty paces.
This order was obeyed by Wharton’s divis
ion, but not so well by the others. The
enemy’s cavalry force however was two
large for us, and having the advantage of
open ground, it again succeeded in getting
around our left, producing great confusion,
for which there was no remedy. Nothing
was now left for us but. to - retire through
Winchester, and Ramsuer’s division, which
maintained its organization, was moved on
the east of town to the south side of it, and
put in position forming the basis for a new
iiU'J, YVlillU UlU Ul'Uer l IvHM )3 IliUVl’U U<ICil
thvougli the town. Wickham’s brigade,
with some pieces of horse artillery on Fort
IT ill r covered this movement and checked
the pursuit of the enemy’s cavalry. When
the new line was formed, the enemy’s ad
vance was checked until nightfall, and we
then retired to New'own without serious
molestation Lomax had held the enemy’s
cavalry on the Front Royal road in check,
and a feeble attempt at pursuit was repuls
ed by Ramsuer near Kernstown.
As soon as our reverse began, orders had
been sent for the removal of the trains,
stores, and sick aud wounded in the hos
pitals, to Fisher’s Hill, over the Cedar
Creek Pike and the Back Road. This was
done with safety, and all the wounded, ex
cept such as were not in a condition to be
moved, and those which had not been
brought from the field, were carried to the
rear.
This battle, beginning with the skirmish
ing in Rnmscuv's front, had lasted from
daylight until dark, and, at the close of it,
we had been forced back two miles, after
having repulsed the enemy’s first attack
with great slaughter to him, and subse
quently contested every inch of ground
with unsurpassed obstinacy. We deserved
the victory, and would have had it, but
for the enemy’s immense superiority in cav
alry which alone gave it to him.
Three pieces of King’s artillery, from
i which the horses were shot, and which
: therefore could not be brought off, were
j lost, but the enemy claimed five, and, if
I he captured that number, two were lost by
j the cavalry and not reported to mo. My
l loss in killed, wounded and prisoners, was
severe for the size of my force, but it was
only a fraction of that claimed by the ene
my Owing to its obedience to orders in
j returning to 1 he works, the heaviest loss
of prisoners was in Wharton’s division.
Among the hilled, were Major General
Bodes and Brigadier General Godwin.
Colonel G. W. Patton, commanding a
brigade, was mortally wounded and fell in
to the hands of the enemy. Major Gener
al Fitz Lee was severely wounded, and
Brigadier General York lost an arm. In
Major General Bodes, I had to regret the
loss, not only of a most accomplished,
shillful, and gallant officer, uppn whom I
placed great reliance, but also of a per
sonal friend, whose counsels had been of
great service to me in the trying circum
stances with which I had found myself sur- -
rounded. He fell at his post, doiug a sol
dier’s and patriot’s duty to his country, and
his memory will long be cherished by his
comrades. General Godwin and Colonel
Patton were both most gallant and efficient
officers, and their loss was deeply felt, as
was that of all the brave officers and men f
who fell in this battle. The enemy’s loss,
in killed and wounded was very heavy,
and some prisoners fell into our bands.
A shillful and energetic commander of
the enemy’s forces would have crushed,
Bamseur before any assistance could have
reached him, and thus ensured the destruc
tion of my whole force ; and, later in the '-,
day, when the battle bad turned against us,
with the immense superiority in cavalry
which Sheridan had, and the advantage of
the open country, would have destroyed
my whole force and captured everything
1 had. As it was, considering the im
mense disparity in numbers and equipment,- ,
the enemy had very little to boast .of. I
had lost a few pieces of artillery arid some
very valuable officers a id men, hut the
main part of my force, and all my trains
had been saved, and the enemy’s loss in*
killed and wounded was far greater than
mine. When I look back to this battle, I
can hut attribute my escape from utter an
inhibition—to the incapacity of my oppgj**
nent.* rv'>
*The enemy has called this ba.tile.‘‘The Bat
tle of the Opequon,” but I know no claim it has to
that title, unless it be in the tact that, alter his re
! pulse in the fore part of the day, some ol his troops
| ran back across that stream. 1 ha ve always thought
i that instead ol being promoted, Sheridan ought to
have been cashiered for this battle. He seems to
! be a sort of a pet of Grant’s, and 1 give the fol-_
j lowing extracts from the report ol the latter, to
I show the strange inconsistency ol which he. is
guiLty to magnify Sheridan’s services. In liiS
Monocaev letter to Hunter, Grant, says : “1froi%
Harper’s Ferry it is found that the enemy has ni°v
j ed north of the Potomac in large force, push
! following him attacking him wherever found; job.
| low him if driven south of the Potomac as long as
it is safe to do so. If it is ascertained that the ene
uiv has but a small force north of the Potomac,
then push south with the main force, detadhing uu
■ der a competent commander, a sufficient force to
! look after the raiders and drive them' to their
| homes.” And further on in the same letter, he
| says : ‘‘Bear in mind the object is to drive the ene
1 my south, ur, 1 to do this, von want to-keep hitu
' a lira vs in sight. Be guided in your course hr the
[ course he takes.” Wh n Sheridan relieved Hut*,
tor, this letter of instructions was ordered to be
turned over to him, and two divisions of car airy
subsequently joined him ; yet Grant says In regard
to Sheridan’s operations : ‘Tits operations dui>
mg ihe month of August and the fore pai t of Sep
tember, were both of an offensive and defensive
character, resulting in many severe skirmishes,
principally by the cavalry, in which we Wore •gen
eral! v successful, but no general engagement took
place. The two armies lay in such a position, tire
enemy on the west bank ot the Opequon Creek cov
ering' Winchester, and on ■ forces m front of Ber
rv viiie— that either could bring on a battle at any
time. Defeat to us would open to the encajvqjhe
States of Maryland and Pennsylvania for long dis
tances before another army could be interposed to
| check him. Under these circumstances, 1 hesita
ted about allowing the initiative to be taken, ti
1 nail v the use of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
and the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, which were
both obstructed by the enemy, became so iudis
i pensablv necessary to us. ar.d the importance ot re
! lieving Pennsylvania and Maryland from coutinu
i ouslv threatened invasion so great that I deter*
l mined the risk should be taken. But fearing'to
telegraph the order for an attack without know
ing more than I did of General Sheridan’s feelings
as to wha t would be the probable result, I left City
Point on the 15th of September to visit him at.his
head-quarters, to decide after conference with him
what should be done. 1 met him at Charlestown,
and he pointed out so directly how each army lay,
tchat he would do the moment he irtm authorized,
and expressed such confidence ot success that I saw
there were but two words of instruction neeossary
—go in.” In the lett r to Hunter there is no hesi
tation about the inilative, and yet notwithstand
ing this letter was turned over to Sheridan lor his
guidance, and two divisions of cavalry subsequent
ly sent «o him. and the further fact that he hail been
operating' both on the ollensive and delensive, dur
ing August and the fore part of September, the
impression is sought to be made, that his ardour
was restrained bv some sort ot orders, ol which
no mention is made in Grant’s report. Really this
's verv curious, and Grant’s admission ol his hesi
tation in allowing the initiative to be taketa, and
the statement that the Baltimore and Ohio Rail
road and the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal were ob
structed. and the invasion ot Pennsylvania and
Maryland so constantly threatened, as to .compel
him to throw oil that hesitation, convey a great
compliment to the efficiency ot a small force. The
railroad is twenty-two miles from Winchester at
the nearest point, and the canal over thirty and
north of the Potomac, while Sheridan was much
nearer to both. That Grant did find it necessary
to sav to Sheridan : "Go in !” I can well believe,
but that the latter was panting for the utterance of
that classic phrase, 1 must be allowed to regar d us
apocryphal.
A Child's Appeal.
An afflicted mother came to Rev. Mr.
Guinness, as an anxious inquirer .after the
way of life. lie asked her what made the
first impression upon her mind ? when she
related the following affecting story :
Her little girl of only five years was dy
ing. The mother was weeping with the
little one folded to her heart. She looked
upward, and fixing her gazaj right on that
dear mother’s eye, said with the lispitng
simplicity of her little heart, “Mamma,
don’t cry for me. Ise going to heaven.”
And then the little darling paused for a
moment, and refixing her eye upon the
dear face said :
“Mamma, will you go wis me there?”
O, what an appeal ? What mother’s heart
would it not touch ?
An intelligent colored man, who wants
to take a trip East, wishes to know if there
is any danger that he will he picked upon
the road and sent to some Legislature
amongst rascally white trash. He saw*
he has a pretty good reputation anu 'dw& i
want to keep bad company.

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