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WOODSTOCK, VIRGINIA, FRIDAY, JUNE 10, 1892. NO. I<>. gltsmandoaft geralii M PUBLISHED WKOtXY BT MRS. H. H. RIDDLEBERGER. -SUBSCRIPTIO.V OIOOPEBYEAR, IVVARIABLE IN ADVA XCF. All eomrnnn?cation? of a private nature will be charged for sa advertising. THE HERALD JOB OFFICE t? complete in every respect. Work done st ?h?rt notice and on the most reasonable tenus. I ADVERTISING RATES. One column; on? year ? $100 Of Half ****** . . 60 Ct Quarter" * M ? 25 00 Eighth ? " *? ? ?15 00 One square, one year 10 00 ?"??^Uriles? the number oi insertions be marked uj>on the manuscript, a?l vertisementtl will be published until forbidden, and charged accordingly. IN A MIST OF OREEN. In a mi?t of green the gai-dens lie; The happy binls go singing bv, The sweet-breathed hyacinth is up;; The tulip lifts a painted cup. The farmer whistles at his plow; The maple shows a tasseled hough ; The swarming elm buds are -incurleJ For God has breathed upon His world. -Mary F. Butt?, in Youth's Companion. ONLY JONES. BY AMELIA E. BABE. > HE officer? of her Majesty'a Twenty fourth and Eighty fourth Infantry were siitting round their mess table, in Castle - town, the capital of the Isle of Man, one evening more than forty years ago?that I?, all of them except one ; but then that one was only Jones. Nobody minded Jones; even his peculiarities had begun to be an old subject for "chaffing;" and, indeed, he had paid such small attention to their "chaffing" that they had come to ?nd it little pleasure; and after some week? of discomfort, Lieutenant Jones had been allowed to choose his own pleasures without much interference. These were not extravagant. A favor? ite book, a long walk in all kinds of wep.ther, and a sail when the weather ,was favorable. He would not drink? he said it hurt hi-* health; he would not ?hoot?he said it hurt his feelings; he would not gamble?he ?aid it hurt his conscience; and he did not care to flirt or visit the belles of the capital?he said it hurt his affections. Once Captain De Rcuzy wondered whether it was possible to "hurt his honor," and Jones calmly answered that "it was not possible for Captain De Rcuzy to <l?i so." Indeed. Jones constantly violated all these gentlemen's idea of proper be? havior, but, for some reason or other, no one brought bim to account for it. It was easier to shrug their shoulders and call him "<]iieer," or say, "it is only Jones," or even to quietly assert his cowardice. One eveniDg, Colonel Undewood was discussing a hunting party for the next day. Jones walked into the room and was immediately accosted. "Something new, Lieutenant. I find there are plenty of hares on the island, and we mean co give puss a run to-mor? row. I have heard you are a good rider. "Wilt you join usi" 1 "You must excuse me. Colonel; such a thing is in neither my way of duty nor my pleasure." i "You forget the honor the Colonel does you, Jones," said young Ensign Powell. "I thank the Colonel for his courtesy, but I can sec no ?ood reason for accept ing it. I am sure my horse will not ap? prove of it; and I am sure the hare will not like it ; and I am not a good rider; therefore I should not enjoy it." "You need not be afraid," said the Colonel, rather sneeringly ; "the country is quite open, and these low Manx walls are eo3ily taken." "Excuse me, Colonel. I am afraid. If I should be hurt, it would cause my mother and sisters very great alarm and anxiety. I am very much afraid of do? ing thi?." What was to be done with a man so obtuse regarding conventionalities, and who boldly asserted his cowardice? The Colonel turned away, half contemptu? ously, and Ensign Powell took Jones'? pl?ce. The morning proved to be a very bad one, with the prospect of a raising storm ; and as the party gathered in the bar racki-vard, Jones said earnestly to his i Colonel : "lam afraid, sir, you will meet with a severe storm." "I think ?o, Lieutenant, but we prom? ised to dine at Owynne Hall, and we shall get that far, at any rate." fie they rode rathei gloomily away in the rain. Jone? attended to the mili? tary duties assigned him, and then, ?bout noon, walked? ?eawar'l. It was hard work by this time to keep his foot? ing on the narrow quay; but amid the blinding spray and mist be saw qiitc a crowd of men going rapidly toward the great shelving Scarlet Paocks, a mile be? yond the town. He stopped an old (nilor and asked.. ( "Is anything wrong!" "A little steamer, sir, off tn Calf of Man, she is driving this way, an*, in tee?, I fear she will be on ta rocks afore ta night." Jones stood ?till for a moment, and then followed the crowd as fast as the storm would lot hin. When he joined them they were gathere I on the summit of a huge cliff, watching the doomed craft. She was now within sight, and it was evident that her seamen had lost almost all control over her. She must, ere long, be flung by the waves upon the jagged and frightful rocks toward which ?he was driving. In the lulls of the wind, not only the boomin ; of the min - ute gun, but also the shouts of the im periled crew ecu Id be heard. "What can be rlooe?" said Joaea to an old man, whose face betrayed th ? strongest emotion. "Nothing, sir, I am afrait. If she had managed to rount ta rocks, she tVouij bare ???tie to Rktou on ta ?sand, and there are plenty of men who wou hare risket life to sayo life. But ht are we to reach them from this height "How far are wc above water?'' "This rock goe*. down like ? wa forty fathoms, sir."' "Whatdepth of water nt the foot?'' "Thirty feet or more." ?'Odo-J. Have you plenty of ligh 3trong rope?" "Much as you want, sir; but let i tell you, sir, you can't live three minuti down there; ta first ware will throw yc on ta rocks, and dash you to pieces Plenty of us would put you down, sii but you can't swim if you get down." "Do you know, olil mau, what 'su swimming' is? I have ?liveI throur* thesurf at Nukuheva." "God bless you, sir! I thought r white man could do that same." While this conversation was going 01 Jones was divesting himself of all supe fluous clothing, and cutting out tl sleeves of his heavy pea-jacket with h pocket-knife. This done, he pass? some light, strong ropo through them. The men wat??hed him with eager i terest, and seeing their inquisitive look he said: ?The thick sleeves will prevent tl rope cutting my body, you see." "Ay, ay, sir, I see now what you ai doing." "Now, men, I have only one request Give me plenty of rope as fast as J dra on you. When 1 get on board, you kno how to make a craddle, 1 suppose?" "Ay, ay, sir; but how are you goin: to reach the water?-' **I am going to plunge down. I hav dived from the main yard of the Aja before this. It was as lii^h a leap.'' He passe I a double coil of the rop round his waist, examine I it thorough!} to see that there was plenty to sturt wit! and saying: "Now, friend?, stand out < the way, and let me have ? clear start, be raised his bare head toward heaven and, taking a short run, leaped, as fron the spring-board of a plunge-bath. Such an anxious crowd as followci that leap! Great numbers, in spite a the dangerous wind, lay flat on tnei breasts and watched him. He strucl the water at least twenty-five feet beyoni the cliff, and disappeared iu its dark foamy depths. When he ro3e to the surface, ho sa. just before htm a gigantic wave, but hi had time to brtathe, and before i1 reached him he dived below its center It broke in passionate fury upon tb rocks, but Jones rose far beyon<? it. i mighty cheer from the men on shor reached him, and he now began in goo> earnest to put his Pacific experience let practice. Drawing continually on the men fo more rope?which they paid out witl deafening cheers?he met wave afte wave in the same manner, diving unde them like an otter, and getting neare the wreck with every wave, reaily ad vancing, however, more below the wate than above it. Suddenly the despairing men on boarc , heard a clear, hopeful voice: "Throw me a buoy!" And in another minute or two Jone; I was on the deck, and the cheers on the little steamer were echoed by the cheers of the crowd ou the land. There wa? j not a. moment to be lost; she was break I ing up last; but it took but a few min ! utes to fasten a strong cable to the .mall rope and draw it on board, and theu a second table, and the communicatiot was complete. "There is a lady here, sir," said the I Captain. "We must rig up a chair for I her. She can never walk that danger , ous road." "But we have not a moment to waste, or we may all be lost. I. she very heavy" "A slight little thing; half a child, sir " sir. ,. "Bring her here." There was no time for ceremony. Without a word, save a few sentences of direction nnd encouragement, he took her under his one arm, and steadying himself by the upper cable, walked on the lower with his burden safely to the shore. The crew rapidly followed, for in such moments of extremity the soul masters the body, and all things become possible. There was plenty of help waiting for the half-iead seamen ; and the lady, her father and the Captain had been put in the carriage of Squire Braddon, of Brad don, and driven rapidly to his hospitable , hull. Jones, amid the confusion, disAp peared. He had picked up an oil-akin | coat and cap, and when every one turned to thank their deliverer, he was gone. No one knew him. In an hour the steamer was driven on the rock, and went to pieces, and, it being by this time quite dark, every one went borne. The next day the hunting-party re? turned from Gwynne Hall, Ihe storm I having compelled them to stop nil night, and at dinner that evening the wreck and the hero of it were the theme of every one's con ver sat iuj. "Such a plucky fellow!" said Ensign I Powell. "I wonder who he was. Gwynne says he was a stronger; perhaps ! one of that crowd staying at the abbey. " "Perhaps," Mid Captain Marks, "it wa. Jone.." "Oh, Jones would bs too afraid of his mother." Jone, made s little satirical bow, sal I Mid. Dlewsotlr : ?'Perhapsit was Powell;" at wh Powell laughed, and said: "Not i knew it." In a week the event had been pre well exhausted, expeciallv as there I to be a great dinner and a ball at Bn don, and all the officers had invitatio This ban hrnl a peculiar interest, for young lady who had been saved from I wreck would bo present, and rumors her riches and beauty had been rife several days. It was said that the lil steamei was her father's private yac and that he was a man of rank and fluence. Jones said he should not go to I dinner, as either he or Raville must main for evening drill, en I that Snvi loved a good dinner, while he care.l vr little about it. Saville could return time to let him ride over about t o'clock and see the dancing. Savi rather wondere 1 why Jones did not tal hi? place all the evening, and felt br injured at his default. But Jones hi a curiosity about the girl he had save To tell the trutb, he was nearer in loi with her than he had ever been with ai woman, and he wished in calm bloo.1 see if she was as beautiful as his fam had painted her during those few awf minutes that he hod liel?! her high abo the waves. She was exceedingly lovely, just tl Iresh, innocent girl he had known si would be. He watched her dancit with his brother-officers, or talking I her father, or leaning on Braddon's an and every time he saw her she looki fairer and sweeter. Yet tic ha 1 n courage to ask for an introduction, at in the busy ballroom no on?: seemed i remember that he needed one. He ke his post against the conservatory ?lo. ! ?piite undisturbed for some ti?ne. Pre ently he saw Squire Braddon with tl beauty on his arm approaching him. .' they pa-Ki'il, the squire remembere?l I j had not been to dinner, and stoppe?! say ? few courteous words, and intr duced hi? companion. "Miss Conyers." "Lieutenant Jonei." But no sooner did Miss Conycn hca Lieutenant Joues's voice thau sue- gave joyful cry, and clapping her h.in.ls to gether, said : "I have found him! Papa' Papa I have found him!" Never was there such an interruptio to a ball. Tbc company gathered i excited groups,and papa knew the Lieu tenant's voice, aud the Captain knew it aud poor Jones, unwillingly enough : bad to acknowledge the dee 1 an?l b) made a hero of. It was wonderful, after this night what a change took place in Jones's quie1 way?. His books and boat seemed t have lost their charm, and as for hi walks, they were all in duc direction aud ended at Braddon Hall, In about - month Miss Conyers went away, anc then Jones began to haunt the postman, j and to get pretty little letters which al j way? seemed to take a great deal of an swering. Before the end of the winter he had ac invitation to Conyers to spend a month, and a furlough being grante<l,he started off in great glee for Kent. Jones neve returned to the Eighty.fourth. Th< month's furlough was indefinitely length? ened? in fact, he sold out, and entered upon a diplomatic career under the cure of Sir Thomas Conyers. Eighteen months after the wreck, Colonel Uuderwood read aloud at the mess a description of the marriage ol Thomas Jones, of Milford Haven, to Mary, only child and heiress of Sir Thomas Conyers, of Conyers Castle, Kent. And a paragraph bekoa that "the Honorable Thomas Jones, with his bride, had (?one to Vienna on diplo? matic service of great importance.'' "Just his hick," said Powell. "Just his pluck," ?arid Underwood; "and for my part, when I co:ne across any of these fellows a,?ain that ar ? afraid of hurting their mothers and sisters, and not ashamed to say so, I ?hall treat them as heroes just waiting for their oppor I tunity. Here is to the Honorable Tli?.:n a Jones an?l his lovely bride! We aro going to India, gentlemen, next mont'j, and I am sorry the Eighty-fourth liai lost Lieutenant Jones; for I have no doubt whatever be would have ttormel a fort as bravely as he boarded a wreck." ?The Ledger. A Msnster Building. The great cathedral in the City of Mexico is the largest in America, and cost nearly $2,000,000. Its foundation was laid by the Spaniards in 157.? on the site of an old Aztec pyramid, and the building was finished in lfif?7. Against it? western wall leans the celebn'? I "Calendar Stone," covered with hiero? glyphic? and weighing twenty-five tons. A cast of this re-narkable work of an tiquity was exhibited at the New Orleans Exposition of 1584-1885. A Ferien* far Gopher Sealps. On January 8, 1890, Poweshiek County, low?, offered a bounty of ten cents a head for gopher scalps. The re? sult was that the incredible number of 140,000 were trapped and paid for In Poweehlek County during eleven months of the year ending December, |H9'?. The gopher pocket? were taken instead of their scalpa, and the price paid for 140, 000 pockets by one county amounted to 114.000. -New York Port. GUN COTTON. ONK OK THIl HTKONGI'ST OK MODUItN KXPlaOSIVata On'v One Place in the United ?tates Where It Is Made-Inlereatiiis l*ri7?c?*???ae* ol Mamitaclure ? Usetl in Naval Warfare. s UN COTTON is common enough, and everybody has some sort of an idea what it is like," said a New York "hcmist to a Sun reporter, "but there isn't one person out of a hundred prob? ably who knows what It is made of or how It is made, to ?ay nothing of a knowledge of the fact that there is only one place in the United States where it is manufactured. That manufactory belongs to the Government, and it is in Newport Harbor, within sight and sound of our great summer world of wealth and fashion when it is the season for that exclusive world to be at Newport. Un? til that factory was started?about eight years ago?all the gun cotton used by our Government and by every one else, came from England. All of our tor? pedoes arc now made from the bome manufacturcd explosive. "The manufacture of gun cotton is an interesting process. The best cotton waste only, combined with the purest and strongest of sulnhuric and nitric acid, is used in making it. The waste is subject to a thorough and careful hand picking.the pickers removing every possible particle of dirt and grit. It is then placed in huge boiling tanks. There it sectliitn for four hours. Then it passes through a cleansing process, being washed thoroughly, when it is reboiled. At this stage of the treatment of the waste there is nota partiel'? of oily mat? ter left in it, and it has become harsh and stiff, almost like wire cloth. Alter the second boiling it is placed in boxes, where it is left until it it perfectly dry. As it dries the cottou is drawn into curly snarls and bunche?, like the ripe seed pods of a touch-tne-uot plant after they have been pinched. "In that condition its contact with the acid could not be even and thorough, and bo tiie disheveled waste is run through a shred lui* nii-liine. which picks and pulls and tear? it into a w.ioly or fluffy condition, when it would bo a perfect absorbent if there werj not still remaining in it a r.rtain amount of moisture, imperceptible to the touch, but quickly tlett*c?ed by the action of the acids. To remove this moisture the waste is placel in an ail -tight box, where it is exposed to a steady he it, the temperature being kept at '?00 de-Trees. This exposure, after five hours, has dis? sipated all the latent moisture, and then the cotton is ready for the acid, ba**iag been made into small bundles for this ; purpose. "The apartment where the cotton and acids are brought together is called the dipping room. Iron troughs are tilled with nitric and sulphuric acids, a rait ture of one part of the former with two parts of the other. Into these troughs of acid the cotton is placed one bundle at a time. Ten minutes in the bath is sufficient to soak the cotton thoroughly with the acid. Then the cotton is put into hand presses and the superfluous acid squeezed out of it. At this stage of the process the acidized waste is put into covered earthen jars. In these jars the cotton undergoes a radical and won? derful chemical reactiou, and the trans? formation of the ?tuff is attended with the evolution of a heat so intense that it is necessary to keep the jars in other ves fcIs, into which cold water is constantly kept running. "After twenty-four hours of this treat? ment the cotton has become nitrated, which is the last stage of its transfor? mation into gun cotton, but it still hold, its acid iniredients, and they must be removed, evcu to the slightest sus pijion of their presence, or their action will ?oon destroy the value of the ex? plosive. "To remove the acid from the nitrated waste the latter ?r first run, a jarful or charge at a time, through a powerful wringer, which separates all of the acid it is possible to separate by pressure. From the wringer it is transferred to a large tub, into which water is constantly flowing. Tho cotton is agitated and tumbled about in the water by a wheel which revolves rapidly in the tub. No more thorough washing could be given to anything than the gun cotton receives there. It n tumbled and beaten about in the turbulent bnth until the water is found to have no suspicion of acid, "This is determined by the taste of the employe in charge of this work, he touching his tongue with samples of the waier every few sec ?nils until he can no longer detect the arid'? presence. When the gun cotton is removed from its bath it has been drawn into long thread? and rolled into many bills an-l mitted into tangled wads by the manipulation of the revolving wheel. It i? then safe to handle and ?tore away for use. But in that form it would take up too mu<-h room and lie inconvenient for military or naval use, an I it is then put through other process? to reduce it bulk. "The shreddy, globular and matted fragment* of cotton that come from the agitated bath ?re made into charges of 800 pou u? Is weight. A tub large enough to roceire that bulk is fitted in its io* (, trri'ir with steel cutteis and grind* Water is mixed with th?- cotton, and is ground an?l rut into an almost imp pable pulp. This process ?oils the c ton, and the pulp is rinsed with li water until it is clean again. The pi is then drawn from the tub into an Jr tank. From the tank it is fed into ir molds,upon which pressure is brought bear, and the water is forced from t pulp, and the latter at the same tii formed into cylinders eight inches loi and something like three inches in < araeter. "The cylinder! of cotton are th placed in a powerful hydraulic pr?s which reduces them under a pressure 1700 pounds to the s?iuare inch. Tl tremendms force flattens the cylindc into thin cakes,and their specific gravil is about that of water?a trifle great? The gun cotton is then rea?Iy for stora; aud use, and owin^ to its conditions greater safety, both in storage and us is far superior to any explosivo for nav warfare yet invented. A torpedo Hi when charged with powdtr will weij nearly 400 pound?, will weiidi b seventy-five pounds when made of gi cotton."?New York Sun. Columbus'? Thrse Ships. The American naval officers sent I Spain to ascertain the details of desig ot the three ?raft which forme?! Coluu bus's fleet on his voyag?' ?>f discover with th?. design ?if having tin: veise built and navig ited for the Chicago E: hibition, have been very successful i their labors and, indeed, many points < dispute have been settle I as to the typ of craft, and i'enerally the famous painl ing by Brugad.t 1.1 the ni?i?? u n at Ma I rid has been found to be correct. I the ?carch the lo^ of th- Admiral of t!i ll"i't was f.iund, is well a? charts an ?ketches made by the pilot, Juan de 1 Corso. Columbus'.? Ii.iv wa? the Baal Maria, and tin- ?swortiog craft wer natneil Nina and Pinta. The fir; named was tin largest, being abot .seventy-live feet over all. Tiie keel wa sixty-two bet, the breadth was twentj feet ionly four feel <?f length to one o beam, whereas now it is niue to one) The hold was about flfteea [eat dem and tin- < i|>i it-, between IW and 13 tons. The crew ? waist? 1 of niuety niei an?l they were a""-<>ni ii" lit.- I in house forwanl and aft. Um latter exteoded to the centre of the ship and consister of two stories, somewhat after the style of the ?tern of oui old two-deckers. There were three ousts, with five sail; in all, including a jib, a foresail oa I i mainsail of enormous area, with a larg? cross painted on it, as was the ruston with the Spaniards and Port?; distinguish their ships from those of the godless. Above the m ?instil was a top? sail, while on tiie miz/.'-'rii ist there was what mi-jht be tcr.ne?! a three-cornered lugsatl?something between a laoeail anda jib. The iniinm ??si had i military top. The speed got was eleven knots per hour. She ha?l very small jjuns. By the way, the main tl ?'?' had foui squares, on two of which was a lion rampant and on the other- a cattle, the arms of Castile. Aragon was excluded from this Innor by order of (?ucen Isabella, as it refuse?! to contribu??: to the c. ?st. The peaaoat had the initials of King Ferdinand and the Chucen, Isabella. The construction of the Santa Maria and the other two vessels is to be commence?! forthwith.?Uuited Servico Gazette (London). Music From Electricity. The public is becoming accustomed to the sound of organs whose mechanism is actuated by electricity; but the idea ol I musical instrument, in which the eler tri? current produces the musi'-al tones by no other means than the conductor itself, is startling as wdl as puzzling. In the experiments of Von Lepel, in (W many, a disk of glaSi ?t paper rubbc-i with parafine, placl within the termin? als of the conductors (small copper wires', from a strong imiuction machine, hav? thrown out with great rapidity tiny ball? ot pale fire, which disappeared with ? faint whistling sound. A more definite ami practical instrument hai been con? structed, consistin-,' chiefly of coil? ol wire of various sizes an?! lengths. Or passing through this electric current ? distinct musical sound of peculiar qualify i? given out.?New York Commercial Ad vert?-er Artesian Wrlls la Seuth Dakota. There arc now more than 108 wells in South Dakota an?! several arc beinj drilled. The deeper the well the greater the flow and pressure. The*- well? art tupp-eil in the sand.ton" at fron 600 to 1000 feet- that is, wells ?if the first ?las? ?the deep well?. Farm wells for indi? vidual use up ofti-i shallow an?! (he pressure and law Hllt?fl, imt beint? sunk deep baoMse saAcioal wotei I tained near the surface. Deep weih capable of furnishing motive pa furnishing cities with water, and ?up plying a vast irrigation system are bored into the samlstone. There are about |0?i of these now flowing and are found in a bell comprising 390 miles north and ?outh ?nd 140 milei east and west in South Dakota, bol most of them are in the Jame? Hiver valley.?Chicago Times. The largest ranch ?levotcd to blooded horses is ?aid to be at Grceloj, Col., where there is a gr??S4 range ?yf >ret 8000 aciss. POPULAR SCIENCE. Caltle ?n Scotland arc to be killed electricity. As a rule, deep sea animal; bava eye?, showing that they have no need them. The bacillus of typhoid has lieen posed to sunlight, when its dcvelopm was stopped in five to ten hours. The humps, spines and horn, of cal pillars are due to the enlargement of hair-bearing warts common to all s worms. The earth, at the equator, moves the rate of a mile in 8.1 seconds, fo tenths of a second slower than the locity of a cannon ball. The banana flour, which came i notoriety through Stanley's "Dark Africa,"' is not made from ripe banan but from the green ones. The nothern limits of thunderstoi are Cape Ogle, northern part of No America, Iceland, Novaja Semelja a the coast of the Siberian ice sea. German railway directors are expc inenting with rails made of paper, whi are said to be as superior to steel rails paper car wheels are to those made iron. Lionel R. Lenox, the Chemist in t Ordnance Department of the Unit States Navy in Washington, has be appointed instructor in the Staafc University, Palo Alto, Cal. A new safety grip for elevators based on the principle of centrifus force, an excess in the number of re? lutions of the guide wheel for the ro throwing the stopping geir into play. Earwig? tliller from all other insects both their origin and structure; they a hatched from eggs, like chickens. N-j uralists often report seeing the materu earwig with her newly hatched bro< crowded uuder her like chickens undei hen. A pneumatic inner sole for boots at shoes has recently appeared iu Londoi It is inflated with air or gas under pre sure. The external protective coveric being canvas, linen, or some other suit ble material that caa witlistuil tl ptBSBUW. Two California inventorshav?; devise a toll-collectiug app irai im for telephoosi It consists of the usual coin in-the-3lc device, with the addition of a clock work apparatus that aotOffl i'killv cal out aha telephone w'ueu the tim ? fir tli talk has expire 1. A Canadian paper states that gre difficulty is found in keeping br.ikeni at work on the trains which ruu throng the St. Clair Tunnel, the discomfor from the accumulation of - ni gai bcin; so great that the men, althou *'i pat high wages, generally give up thei places in a few days. It is said that builders in Christiania Norway, execute masonry contracts whe: the temperatute i? as low as two degree Fahr., aud contend that the work is s;: pcrior to that ?lone in summer. Tb mortar, in small quntities at a time, i mixed with unslackcd lime, and put ii place before it loses the heat due to th( slacking of the lime. The coldest region in the fuite States lies along the northern border o Minnesota, between the Southern poini of the Lake of the Woods and the Soutl Dikota bor?ler. The temperature along that line often falls as low as fifty dc grecs below zero. In 1873 the instru? ments at Pcmbina registered from fifty six degrees to sixty degrees below. Mary's Claim. A little girl is reported to have die-i near the imaginary line in Oklahoma which divided the recently opened reser? vations from the remainder of the Terri tory just as the signal was given for the grand rush for lands. The child and he: father were alone and unknown, but th/ bcauty of the one and tho still, deep grief of the other, moved the strong met of the frontier to acts of admirable sym pathy. A runner on a swift horse located a homestead, ami returning placed th< father of the dead girl in possession oi it. The body of the child was transported to the claim and buried upon it. After? ward, it was tliscovcred the remaining one of the unfortunate couple was abso? lutely penniless, ami a purse of money was given him with the hope that the claim will prove a haven of rest to him, and that the homestead shall alwajs b? known as "Mary's claim."?Dulutl (Minn.) Tribune. Rs.ewssd Is Naturally Black. Many people supp?t* that rosewood takes it? name from its color, but this is a mistake. Rosewood is not red nor yellow,but aluost black. Its nanecjme? fro n the fact thi' when first cut it ex? hales a perfuin? similar to that of the rc-se, and, although the dried rosewood of commerce retains no trace of this eaily perfume, the name lingers as a relic of the early history of the wood.?Bos? ton Transcript. A Lsr|e Chano*! tor the Etrly Bird. Enrth wt rms six leet long are found in Gippsland, Victoria. They live in bur? row, on the sloping side* of creek., and arc the largest variety found in the world. It must be a burly bird whir'i picks up the worm iu Gippalaad,? Di; ?rt-it Free Press. THE NEWS EPITOMIZED. I'-.?tern nii?l Middle Statt--.. The May convention of those New York Democrats who oppose I thu nctioti of tb?> Kfiiiiniv i; 'iivf.ilion, wa? h*?ld in fljIBIBI C'eveland's iiijininitiou wai ytrotiglv ind the delegation ?laetal to Clnrt, B 'fi to rota h? a unit, though left uu ] nstructe 1 as ??> i: mli lut'* | General Horace I'uhteh.announces that h** luntl for the QfBBt rnonumeut in New Vurk Catj is more than complet??. The people of Johnstown, Penn., ob? served the third anniversary of the great ?ood of ISA) in a fitting manner by unvsil I ng a beautiful monument which has been ! ?rected by the citizens of the town to the j loknown dead-.vilo lot* their live? in that :errible catastrophe. At Newport, It. 1.. Governor Brown and he other State officer? elected in April last were indint* I Into office in accordait'?-? wit'i ? <he ancient e-?remony of "Klection Hay.' The weather was fine and crowds witnessed ?he inauguation. The Pope has written to the bishopsof th? 'i-iv.ni-Mjf N.?w York IBBpiBorlBJ Area Bishop Ireland's Faribault scheme. The Prohibitioni?*.? of Pennsylvania met n State Convention at Scranton. Oaeof ?heir first proceedin?;? was to take up a col ectiou of I <:?) ro defray ?-xpeuses. A plat 'orui was atlout ? I, unreservedly denouncing h* niauufactiire and sale of alcoholic jeverages, favoring the issue o'. in , i*, lireetiy to the people instead of through ?orporation-, demanting a ju iieiou? pro ;ective tariff, advocatlag women suffrage ?nd demanding that the Worll's Fair M ;Ios?kI on Su , "Bob" Lewis, a colored man, waslvnchel ?t Port Jervts, N. Y , for e.mmitting a irobably fatal assault upou Mi** Lena >I - tfahon. Lew is wjs naa(sd to a tree ia the j iresenc} of mor.? tn?n a thousand people. I Massachi.sktts Prohibitionists havo ? lomtnatel h State tiret heal ?i by IVol ott Hamlin for Governor, i ho National i'onv.?iitio!i an I Presidential ; tlectors were also ei Two Polish lads brothers, were in a tree -.1. Si-ranton, l'eini., rolling a birl?' nest, . vhen the tree was ?truel, by lightning and wth boys wero killed. j Over S10,(130 damage was done by a forest j Ire at bakersville. N. J. Auca asa Piaoaaaoa Taylor, of ( langely. Me., sister-, aged si.?;ti*?*ii ?nd eight ? n. want batliing m Suidy Kivi*r and were IK ivned. I Tc ?.KHAN-NOCK, Penn., was visited by a lee.vy Itailstor.D and cloulburst. Hail 1 tones large as cuerries fell and did gre.it I l.mage to growing crops. i Jo?; and Cisma i i ?ion, brother?, aged ! ixteen and nine years respectively, wera iil-1 by lightning a' ?Sjianton. Penn., rhllerobbin-; ? bird's ne?r. A serious washout oocurrel on the Feun ) ylvania Railroad nt Retreat, and a i engin** "ni iBraat-f-SBTea fr*igbt earn wero thrown nto the river. Train >'?>. ?"> on the Alle ;heny Valley P.ailroail ran into a washout ' .t Foster Station, IVuu. Three train hand? vere killed. Sont h ami Wc.t. Coster & Martin, grain speculators at *hic?.go. 111., hive nude an a.sigaueut. .'heir lui lure iv i? ?* i:i- ? i by an in -i ??.**?. Bl .tteuiDt to corner May com. Than/ lost s??v ral uiiliiou dollar*--. Ii-e on the railseaaaad a train to plunge Iowa a st ftp grale at Deaiwj?!, South )a'?ota It struck a rocky wall anl two nen were kill? I. Heck .Virus, color*!, was lynched at .?ebanon, K.J., lor a-i assault upon a vhitegirl. Dave Sbi.v, a!? i ejiorel, lias >een rjMhad at Gray Ciurt, S. C, for arceny. I'm: \V*'-i|.in stite Prohibitionist? la ?ouvention noiniiia'?? I T. C. R!chtBO&1 for Jovt-iuor. A j)'ittonn ?a? a lopted favor - ng the points of the Bennett law. Fire de>tn y ?1 tin * *.,ur:.tis of Coquille 3ty, Oregon; Iota, fl'JO.OUO. Rival Hi-ilibinder sooietie? hal a battk ?itb pistols in the streets of Sacrauieut >, *al. Two Ctiinaiii*'u wert killed. j The Illinois Pi-o'-iibition ?State Convention netat Spriiig'H |. R. R. Link, a farmer, i.niuateid for Governor by acclama ! ?on. A resolntio.i wa? adopte! declaim; n favor of doaias th- VV'orl P. Fair ou Suu ! lay and again*t the sale of liquors on the ? ?"air ground?. Ka'-t I'm am;?, Texas, has lx?en corn 1 ?letely ?tracked brr a hmrtcaaa, nota bou=e ?fing left -,t 4M ling. The boti?e of Tom .Vithers ?as crusbel like an egg shell aul lis wife and bis six ehil iren instantly killed. s. baby weaptd unharmed, the only fur rivor. About twenty p&opte ?vere seriously Djured, some fatally. The centennial of the admission of Ken :ucky into the I'nion wa? celebrated at -ville by a puolic meeting in the moru ng, and by a banqu?t la the evening. Th. ^OOth anniversary was also c.-lebrated at ?^exington. A delegation of Philadelphlan? jre?ent?<l picturus of Carpenter's and Con .?,re.*s halls to the State. Robbers "held up" a train at Red Rock, Oklahoma, broke op9n the express car an 1 ?dew open the safe wvth dynamit?. Whits -obbing the safe a pit?;;;? 1 t attle took place ?etweeu the robbs-rs and tram men, but no ?ne was hurt. Texas has been visited by a tornado which MUad .??ver-? people, tleuiolishei many house.?, and esused a pecuniary lois running into huudreti* of thousand? of dol? lar?. Thk Minnesota Prohibitionists have put a complete State ticket iu the field with W. J. Dean for Uovornor at the head. The class of 189* at the Uuitei Stat-a Naval Academy, Anuapoli?-, Md, having rliiiclied the four yetar-.' academic cour?-?, re? ceived their diploma? from the hand? of QlUittry Tracy. The clas? numbered forty. Fir?t Ljeitenant Wilber Lovebidge, of the Third Artillery, Cuito I 8tat?ss Army, shot himself through the heart wbiln in In* quarters at l\rt Sam Houston, San An t?alo, Teia*. He wa* thirty-two years old. Hi* il-ath is directly traceable to the use of intoxicaut?. Tin--. Florida Democratic State Convention at Tampa placed Judge Henry W. Mitchell, t.f Hillsboro, in nomination for Governor The delegates ?o tie? National Conventioo, at Chicago, were sent uninstructed. AT Annonia, Texas, Charles Brittle, in a druiiktn (?Barrel taot and kill-l Ben Yeily and was in ?urn shot ileud by Yelly's ?on. The Tennessee Prohibition State Conven? tion, consisting of about 3-V) deletjat*?, met ?t the Stat? Capitol, Nashville. ?. H. East, a lawyer of Nashville, was nominated for (?oviinor. 'Hi** (onvenfion indorsed St John as a candidate for the Presidency and recommendetl the Rev. I). B. K'lly? ot Nnshville, for the nomination for Vice Presiileut. The steamer John Mathew?, loaded with corn, bound for Fine Bluff, Ark., ran against the pier on the bridge over the Arkansas River and sank, rour boat hand* were drowned. Waahlngton. Prksioevt Harrison and party returned to Washington from Rochester, N. Y. Th?? President-ex pressed hi m ?elf in warm terms over the trip, ?aying it was one of the plaa.anta.tia hisexnerience. Th? House ( 'ommiMee on Elections, by a vote of seven to two, derided the contested election ease of MeDutn? against Turoin, from the Fourth Alaban? DistrieMn favor of Tur pin, Democrat, the sitting memb?r. General Schiticlo issued a gen ral order announcin< the retir?in?nt OB n or age of General I1 miey. who is ronimtn;! of th? Department of Texas with station at San Antonio. i-sel W. P. Rruey, Judge Advocat? General of the Navy, ha? been surveyed an I ctinderane?! l.y a Nav.l Retiiine Boarl un 1er the thirty years' ok ret.ry Tracy has reconnu n lad In* GaiSKRAI. EPPA Hl'NTON, .i;.pi?inl?'l I'uitsd States Senator from Virginia to ?ut-t-setl the latj Senator Barbour. ha? been worn in. Mr. Hunton was ?*??-?.->rte.l to hi? tle?k by hit ?.?olleague, Mr Daniel He O?'? the r-eat to the extreme right of the ?Tiair formerly owupiai by Mr. Mill?, of Texv, who ha? moved lato th? ??at of tb. late Mr. Brurbour. fitCRKTARY Nobl? has directel that that portion of th-j grant to the Houtbern !'. Hallway Company lying between Tres ?P?aos and Alcal?ii, in California, b? restored to tin public domain These lands tret forfeited to tbe Unite 1 Stat*?-, in 1*j ? | ' i acres of land will beopau-*! to pu^li?: settlement at an early ?lat?. The United t?tate-i Census Bur*iu issued a l-ulletiu showiir? tbe assess?-1 valui of prOO ei ty in tbe United State* in 1WJ to be i-'l - Ml.t^eflS. The last Cabinet meetin-; bifora tb*j Min? neapolis Convention wasattend??d bv all the member? except Secretary Xroof. S???-relary Blaiue came m company with Secretary Elkin?, but remained only balf an hour, r-? turning to the ?State Dspai tin-n?. POSTMASTER-!'EXERaL WaXAMAKER Sent tn answer to th - Hou-w COWaillSe? on Post offices and Postroids to the eliarg???? against him in connection with a pneumatic tube company. Foreign. A destri'ctiv* fire at Mosco?*, Rus-ia, threatened tor a time to ?weep through th-? ??bole city. The Fire Dipartment found it Impossible to sub lue tbe llame?, a?.i 1 when the Are bid burn-xi itself oat th containing sixty liouvis, were in nniii. Aoai.n Honolulu, the ?tpital city of the Hawaiian Island.?, is arou-e I, the excii beiog caused by ths arre*tot twenty peraom ?harged with treason. The persons an ?re, from information r-K-eive-l by Marshal Wilson, member: Of the 'Hawaiian ?ft tlve Asyx.-iation'' au?l have tor their object, tbe overthrow of the existing toros of gov? ernment by dt?po,in? (?ueen l.iliuokalani and establishing a Hawaiian K ?public. Emperor Wilma?- of Germany re? viewed the Berlin girrison; his Empren ui l th? tjueen anl Queeu-Ke^ent of Hollaul were -anas' I Iowa's gift of flour, provisions, etc., to 1 Russia bas arrive 1 safely at Riga. .Sir Hro'i. with oils at forty tooue against him, won the Eaglish Derby;" La favorite, seoond, and Buceutaure third Crop prospect? in Russia ara peaeoMag An important battle ha? been fou? the prairitis of Venezuela. The (foverment. force? were utterly ?lefeatei by tn-? revolu? tionists and retreated toward Valencia. Herr Bebel, th?? noted ?Socialist anl leader, of Bciiin Garmauv, is iosane. Dcrino naval pfaetfooot Wilbelmshaven, Oeruiany, a shell exploded.killiug three men and wounding several Othsra Three tiioissno peiple havedi-sd of t'i? cholera in BsrlaagV, Ca-shuier.'. Mi it o* tne boJie? have be?u cremated, and it is ?aid that victims of the cholera, while yet alive, bavj been cast mi the luueral oile?. THE LAB.JR WORLD. The boot an ! ?'i irospei ous. A ?..."?i lesria! machine issappw-jl t-> I > ? men. KlETV-EIOHT ritcM he traiie ntons ?>f Kurland. Raii.himi balMsas m Cabe proooos to wild their?.?i a ran hsroo?t r Tut loa* O'ltinuel Uu-'ia n iK'i*linl) airier- strike ha-- en : ' i lost. 'I HKKE is an loan ? uanyot the i?itt?jn mills m ta-'Julf St,, I ajjif i* ti - i . " for uutiou of an Interna* o i il Daioa of th-ir rade. Tn Arn, ricin Ki ?I ..i- at 11- scut MW nssaibsfO; Mo**" of n .re euiji TilKOrd-r of Railroad Telej-rip'i ?rs hi lecided not to odrail coaiuieroin oaerekot* o uicmbership. The builder? of locomotives are ??uite. meyazala, an! t?vo ?-.rtLn-?-- ?if ths i-ir?er rorks have a simmer's work ?ecu. TBE Broth?.lliood of I. i-_-om?jt?v. ' I -eer.ba? granted Chiel P. M. Arthur six uoiith-.' Ieivoo(abs3u:e. wit'j tuU i??\ The National Agricultural Boctety of i dungary has arrauj-.xl a trial for re?p?rs . nl inn i? is, t?. t.? ti-IJon July .'.h and 10th. If. a prominent 1I?SW York City ?iry goo Is Inn. where 1." i c1- rks ais regular';*- era toyed, the] rofsr to one au itber es "-aies persons." TnE I ??'?II ?u ?tain nen employ? I lo hotels also refuse ti ss l ice their iiiu.-t-i'-iies in compiiau"e withthi hotel propre Itiane ol ths .Sehuyikill (Petin.i I >er cent, in the rate of wd'evlui to thi al .??Dce in the market prie ? ? TiiEstrnw pleiter? of Meso**, Pratoanl ! leghorn, in Italy, mike irom ?ix BO ten ' ?ents a ?lay. Their po ? ? .pllH? Ml1 lat0 *' j light. The general labor and employment bu? I *eau created in l'an* in a ??? r mums ? is* Use i resoluM-n ? " " Iut'-ririt;ouii faabor ?OBtree? or l-'J\ pr.x-urel i-niploy? ' mint for li'i.."?': i'-'-''i*-in ? U was ? 1 lisbeii. The le.vipts .iur.n:: the la?L months wer ".:i were ex? pended. The strike nun in April contaiuel ! about ?lO.U??;. __mm^m___ NEWSY GLEANINGS. Ch?.; : in IV-r-ii Tnn is a wal ? fanun.? in Main? Tas uiapi?' ?agor eoaasa ? in j Bap I in many Ri. ?iiiti ? i ? 1'llK " ? ' . I'eiiu Km it and other croix in Spain have been i rahsed by hoUatarao . | There isa ile<v.-t faillir.: off in th.? cot I ton aerease in South Carolina Tu new British coinage will beer the Q.n- bee I ?rrUsool her crown. A company has been forra?*d for th3 busi .' insuring In. -n?M. Maplk mcor linkers mu.t file their boni? for m laty befor< July l. I With:.s: th ? pist few woelM seals hav* j lieen i?.. ? OIIH-.H ti?:ut <*00?t. The Texas ??rop report ?hows an increase j in corn an?I a ?Iecrease into- cotton acr a rr.i-.TKsTANTintive* in AlHeS are ?rs;in< a ?ar??i > xt- ?iniiiation on Catholic mis? sionaries. s. ? . i, th hettmg ??i-sii ha- beooose io s*uir tie ha- I. ? i?. '? iiii-iii". ? 11 ) an asyium and. ?niHi sjUer in Havana has caused a j treat depreciatH^i in She white m*tal thri'ii-h? ut Cuba. ??MiCIKM'i ?tl,?'ken Cltiz'll of Bllti? , | to th? city treasury I tr**?? for unpaid taxe?. I 1 ?vsNTV-riVK ftcaudinaviau girls have ar? rived in tin- ti.unUy en route to Minnesita. i ?int the liakotas on a bunt for hu I The Briggs heresy ci??* was reman?!?*I by i he I'resbytcrian (Jjner.il Assam ?ly, in ?e? ?i?in a* I'ortland, O?gOB, to the new Yorat Pre?byterv for trial. I The t'nitel state.? ha? ten war ?hip? un ? 1er construction, and eleven which have jeen launched aud are receiving th?ir en ! (in???, armor or Haish It appears that on the Grand Jury in Phi! iilelphia two men have bee,i sitting S ?Hing men ?'leiten for the | liny who have themselves ??cap*! ?erv I of wild li ?r-M ?iff th* ?ange? of Eastern Or-von have just Nsa i to low? Hie hor?<^ were all in fv ? n and i?old at an average ot *9) per 1-nd Chippe". s Indian- m Mnneso | ?bey the i. ?v rnnn i ,be -allotment of eighty ?\cres of Un : ?I ?ere anportionmeut to eacJi tnaa. roesn and child. Th? smokin? rc-osis in hotal?. elul?? .m I itr.er i.ii?.i ?? p?a?-? s in l/)n?lou are di?t?;*yin< ?rd* ??k.ng ' ,,.| ol i .|.'e ?.! Tl.- I..n?is'liie di-U-iet, ira actuilly _ OVOB t.SSO.fW was i-aift>d in M.-w Yor',: City for the Grant Monument funl withm sixty ilava, Gtmeral Horace PorS-W hi la nou?iced, makin-; tho bait millwu neo 1*1 to compkt?? it. Tim ? ?ai-1 to b? the Iort;**t ?urn ever r?i*-?d for such a, purp?^ in *? short? tima AU tut S?.'JOJ o it <uiai frota reswleuU of Hew York; City.