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M IL umiiikm "liberty and my native son-." CHARLES H. ALLEN,""Editor. . Abbeville I1. II., S. (!.: WEDNESDAY, JUNE 17, 184G. VVe are requested to say that the Anniversary Meeting of the Sabbath School at this place, will take place on Friday evening next, at the Methodist Church, upon which occasion addresses may be 1 ex octed from Tiics. Thomson and H. ! A. Jonrs, Esqs. The citizens areinvi- < ted to attend. ? And on Saturday evening, there will i be a meeting of the Temperance Society < at thfi snmp nlarn nnd ttfldrossps mnv Vip J , ? J "" expected from Dr. F. G. Thomas and S. L. Heller, Esq. Wc regret to learn that the wheat has been very materially injured , in many parts of our District. It is said Gen. De La Vega pas- > sed through Augusta, Ga., on Oth inst., ' on his way to Washington. Among the items of news re ccived from Washington, we find it rumored that a proposition has been submitted by the British Minister to settle the Oregon question, and that it will be recieved. We trust this may be true, and this long pending question, which has been kept up at an expense of thou- J i fin sanus 01 uouars 10 our government, may be forever disposed of; such a result ' would be highly gratifying to the country in general at this particular time. P |I^* The McDujfie Guards met at , / their regular parade ground on Satur/ day last, for the purpose of organizing , / and electing officers, when J. F. Mar- ( / shall was elected Captain, J. B. Mo- , j ragne 1st Lieutenant, and J. N. Coon- , ^^^^an 2d Lieutenant. ( J We learn by the Charleston papers, J\ that thirteen companies have now tenX dered their services ; eight have already ( been received by the Adjutant and In\ spector General?two more will be ta- ( ken from those offered, and who they l will be is yet to be decided. Although our State has been a little tardy in voI lunteering, from the spirit which is now I manifested, we believe another regiment could be raised with ease in a short ICjr* General Scott, by his awkardness and selfishness, has rendered himself ridiculous in the eyes of the world, as well as offensive to the President, by his recent movements. The command of the army in Mexico, was offered to him by the President, which he seemed pleased to accept, but by frivolous excuses delayed marching to his post until his tardiness excited the surprise of the President, and upon inquiry, he states that he has no security in marching against the Mexicans, leaving an enemy in the rear. The matter is too clear that the Gen. would prefer remaining behind to lay his plans for the Presidential campaign, but in this if we are not mistaken the enemy will defeat him totally. If there ever was a chance for him for the Presidency, his recent course of all others is the best adapted to blast and ruin his expectations in that quarter. We believe that relieving him of the command and giving it to Gen. Taylor,' will meet with the approbation of the, ? - ' whole country, for he certainly since the! commencement of hostilities, has proved L! I C ..,1 ?I1 .V- 1 Iliiuseu wvimy ui mi me nonors gOVem*ment can confer upon him, and the name of Taylor, is destined to be brighit upon the page of history. Jdr* We have received nothing by the late mails 4rom the army that would interest our readers. The blockade of Vera Cruz is still going on. General Taylor, bv the latest datfis. whs ahmit to pursue the Mexican forces to Montery, a town some 108 miles from Matamoras, and attack them there. It is sta ted that the remnant of their .miserable army have taken refuge in that place. There seems to bo but little prospect ol much more hard fighting at this time in Mexico ; the troops are too dispirited by their recent losses to desire a conflict with the Americans again. The gallantry of the Americans in the late battles have thrown new glories around the name, and proved them worthy sons of noble sires, who lived and moved in the scenes of the revolution. editor's table. Southern and Western Literary Messenger and Review : B. B. Minor, Editor, Richmond, Va.?Terms, $5.00 per tiiuiuiij) in auvancc* The June No. of this interesting journal is before us, fully as entertaining as any of its predecessors. We have so aften testified to the merit of the Messenger, that it would be unnecessary for us now to say any thing further in commendation of it. (for the banner.) TO THE CITIZENS OF ABBEVILLE DISTRICT. The McDuJfie Guards having tendered their services to the Governor, to meet the requisition for troops upon this State, and having been accepted as one nf tVif? rnmnnnioe tr? nr???lra lin T?Dm "T v" "1' ""w ment of Volunteers, we take this occasion, as the officers of the .company, to invite our fellow-citizens, and especially Ihose of the Savannah Regiment, to come forward and join our ranks. We have now the requisite number of men to constitute a company ; but the privilege is extended to increase our number to a hundred men. We are induced to believe that the gallantry and public spirit of our citizens will not leave us long without that number on our list. Most of those who now belong to the company are from the Saluda Regiment, and are taken from one section of the District. We think that our fellow-citizens who compose the other portion ol our District will not be surpassed in du ty and patriotism, and will be unwilling to remain silent and inactive whilst others are moving in our country's cause. The McDuffie Guards will be the company which is to represent Abbeville District among the volunteers wIk are called upon to engage in the present war: and we deem it sufficient to say to her citizens, that an opportunity is now afforded them to sustain their well known character foi* courage and patriotism. Those who wish to join the company, can do so by application to any of the officers. J. F. Marshall, Captain. J. B. Moragne, 1st Lieut. I J. N. Cochran, 2d Lieut. ^ Annivp.rsnrv nf St TMTltf th? V.vaniroliot j VI Mil VVJUU1J IUU UVIUlgVUOII The Masonic Brethren of CLINTON LODGE of free and accepted Masons, will celebrate the Nativity of their Patron, at Abbeville C. H., on the 24tb inst. A Procession will be formed at Masonic Hal] at eleven i'block, A. M., and thus walktc the Methodist Church [the use of whicli having been kindly granted for this occa? sion] where, after reading a portion of the Scriptures, the Throne of Grace will be addressed, and a suitable Ode sung, aftei which, an Address will be delivered bj brother Mat. J. Williams. The Order of Procession will then be resumed towards the residence of brothei James Mojre, at which place dinner wil! be prepared. It is hoped the Masonic brethren throughout the District and also their fa. miiies will attend, as they are hereby fra-i ternally invited to dine with the members of Clinton Lodge on this occasion. The Band of Music from Greenwood are engaged for the day. By order of Committee of Arrangements. June 15 E. S. BAILEY, Ch'n. It is stated that the Whigs ol Virginia alone, have subscribed the very handsome sum of $10,000 for the relief and support of the mother, and family of the late John Hampden Pleasants, Numerous donations have been received, also, from citizens of other States. gdP" We extract the following from the Correspondence of the New Orleans Bee. MATAMORAS, May 26. Lieut. Wells, of the spies, informed inp vAstnrrlnv tlint frnn A rictn lisul ted at the distance of 80 miles from this place, and is receiving reinforcements quite briskly. Lieut. W. with a few men, followed them 60 miles. The Mexicans say he (Arista) will certainly return and attack us at this place, but the best informed Americans entertain no such idea. If things are left to Taylor's discretion he will march from this place to Monterey?on this river?and if he does, the Mexicans will give him a hard fight? men will turn out to defend their homes and property in that section that we have never had to cope with yet?men, who, when called on heretofore to put down rebellion or to invade Texas, have paid two or three dollars for a miserable substitute, will now take their rifles, ! and march to the field of fight; and these Rio Grande llancheros know how to use the rifle too. From the manner in which they fought on the 9th, you may safely infer that the next fight will be a hard one. They will always manage to have two or three to one when they fight us, and we look upon it as an equalizing thing, (you think this boast ing but is an absolute fact.) An express was sent from this place I* to Washington six days ago, and the general belief is, that we will not move from here until advised by the Govern! ment to that effect. In such a case, we i will drill in the interim, and make prc. parations for any contingency. The U. S. Dragoons left yesterday for Point Isabel, to get their horses shod ; ' they area fine looking set of men, and did much good service in the field, i Capt Walker, (believe now a Major,) i is here with his men. tie rode by our quarters yesterday on Tornado, the horse sent him from New- Orleans. Tornado seems as fond of his backer as the backer does of him, and they were the observed of all observers. Walker's : men say he has but one fault, and that . is too brave for his discretion. Captain Price, also of the Texan Rangers, is here with a fine set of men, and is a 1 rough customer for a Mexican to run , against. Major Hoys is occupying the , post at San Antonio by Taylor's orders and will remain there until we . march. We were about issuing an Army Chronicle here, but before we could get possession of the Office, somo one took it, ana paid or agreed to pay the original owner for the use oi it. Our troops are in excellent spirits and 1 long for the moment which will place them face to face with the enemy. The i two volunteer regiments from your city, t are in particularly bouyant spirits, not, withstanding their late heavy march. They have too much pride to complain. P. S.?Since the commencement oi 1 my letter I have conversed with a gen' tleman of much intelligence, who in[ formed me, that Gen. Taylor would positively cease offensive operations, until he heard from Washington. He says that Matamoras was ta^ui without or> ders, as the commandei^vere emphati! cally to act upon the defensive, and not cross the river under any pretence. He will not be blamed admitting he has overstepped his orders, for he has done some good service on the frontier. Un less Arista returns to Matamoras, there will be no further hostilities until Uncle Sam tells his sons to go ahead. NEW ORLEANS, June 5. From Tobasco?Very Late.?The barque Texidor, Capt. Major, from Tobasco, bound to Marseilles, came to anchor off the Southwest Pass on Monday last. She sailed from that port on the 28th ult., having a passage of only four days to the Balize. From Capt. Major, who came up to the city to procure provisions, &c., we learn that great excitement existed in Tabasco against the Americans. An order of embargo on American vessels was received from the general government as he was about leaving. 1 o The order came by express from the city of Mexico: and Capt. Major, on re1 ceiving the earliest intimation of his ar' rival in the city, succeeded, by the as' sistance of several friends, in reaching 1 his vessel. The Governor having failed t to prevent Capt. Major's departure, order. ed said,the Mexican steamer Ventura, to go out and capture his vessel. The , commander of the steamer, however, knew the Texidor was furnished with one gun, and therefore considered it the . better part of discretion not to be in too great a hurry firing up. The policy of this course was further 1 onrrrroof^ U U-. r* 1 ^M56wt,l,wu mill uy iti. IltSclYIUg to, off the bar, and cutting up bis chain sheets into small lengths for shot, loading his six pounder, and intending, as he expressed it, to "smash the Ventura's coffee mill," if she ventured out. The Governor placed about fifty soldiers in charge of the New Orleans schooner. Tobasco is represented as entirely destitute of fortifications or other defence, except the presence of about 400 Mexican soldiers. /r . ? ? Vvapi. may was ai nis consignees' in the city when the order came, and was guarded to his boat oil the beach by about twenty of his friends, well armed, so that the soldiers were afraid to attempt to make him prisoner. The schr. , Capt. Cox, of New Orleans, was seized, and the master detained in the capitol. The Texidor left several English vessels in port loading. No American man-of-war had as yet been seen off the port. From a gentleman who arrived in the steam ship Alabama, from Matamoros, we learn that it is the least of Gen. Taylor's intentions to rest on his arms for any length of time. At a period not more distant than ten days he means to take up the lino of march for Monterey, and Nuevo Leon, the present camp of the enemy. He takes Camargo, lleinoso and Mier in his route. There are laurels yet to be plucked bv our soldiers from the tree of Fame.?Delta. From the Mobile Herald Tribune,5,inst. LATER FROM MEXICO. The U. S. steamship Mississippi, Captain Fitzhight, arrived at Pensacola on Friday last, the 4th inst., having sailed from Vera Cruz on the 31st ult. She brought as passengers, J. Parrott, Esq., late American Consul at Mazatlan, F. M. Dimond Esq., late Consul at the city of Mexco, and 13. Wood of the U. S. Navy, bearer of important despatches to our government, Irom Com. Sloat, commanding the Pacific squadron. Seven other Americans from Mexico also arrived.in the Mississippi. Mr. Parrott, Mr. Dirnon and Dr. Wood arrived here on Sunday?the latter named gentleman hastened on .to Washington with the despatches. The only political news of impor .1 - i laiitc which we gamer irotn tnese gentlemen is thai Mazatlan and Tepee had declared for Santa Anna, and it was generally thought that he would be recalled. The cause of the revolutionary movement was understood not to be connected with the Texas question, as was the case in former revolutions. From Mr. Parrott, we learn that he met the news of the capture of Capt. Thornton and the commencement of hostilities, at Gaudalaxara. Upon inquiring at the Post Office he learned that the Government had not expressed the news. Mr. P. immediately employed a trusty person to carry, despatches containing all the particulars possible to be obtained, to Commodore Sloat, lying at Mazatlan with his squadron. This express would reach Com. S. five days in advance of all other communications, and there can be no doubt that ere this our flag is waving over the walls of Mazatlan, as well as Menterey in California. Our readers may recollect that some time since it was announced that Capt. , Fremont had been ordered out of California by the Mexican authorities. When this news reached Com. Sloat, he immediately despatched the sloop-oiwar Portsmouth to St. Francisco Bay to | act as circumstances might require. The American squadron at Mazatlan, on the 1st of May, consisted of the frigate Savannah, Com. Sloat, 50 guns ; sloops Jbavant, fage,24 guns; Warren, Hull, 24 guns; Cyene, Marvin, 24 guns ; store ship Erie, and hourly expected frigate Congress, and sloop Ports mouth. The British force at the same date, consisted of the Callingwood, 80 guns; Talbot, 26; Juno, 26; brig Spy, tender, 3; and the brig Frolic at Guayamas, taking in treasure for England. It was reported that other British ships of war were to rendezvous at Mazatlan, but none othefs- had arrived. But little doubt exists at Mazatlan and among the officers of the squadron, that the British admiral has instructions not to allow the American squadron to take Dossession of anv nnrts nn thn Pacific. If this supposition should prove correct, the next news from the Pacific will be of the most highly exciting character ?as there cannot exist a doubt that Com. Sloat will take possession at all hazards. It is supposed that for some time past Com. S has had instructions 10 seize all Mexican ports on that coast, whenever he should receive reliable news of the commencement of hostilities between the two countries. There are 15 daily newspapers published in Cincinnati, eleven of which are in English and four in the German language. Seventeen weeklies, unconnected with daily issues: two semi-monthlies, and twelye monthlies. MEXICAN PRESIDENTS. Iturbide?Emperor of the limited monarchy established after the separation of Spain?exiled, returned and shot, 1822. Gen. Victoria, the first President, elected 1824, with Gen. Bravo as Vice President, who denounced Victoria, but was beaten, surrendered and banished. Gen. Pedraza, was elected April, 1828, over his opponent, Gen. Guerrero, who used violence to displace him; he was aided by a force with Santa Anna at its head, who was defeated, and made his escape. In 1818 (October) a mob headed by ex-Marquis Cadena seized the Government, Pedraza fled, and Guerrero was declared elected, with Bustamente for Vice Prpsldpnt ? ? . MWli after that, Bustamente revolted, civil war ensued, which ended in the execution of Guerrero in February, 1831, at Oajaca, leaving Bustamente in the President's chair. In 1823 Santa Anna marched from Vera Cruz to the capital, made Bustamente resign in favor of Pedrazer, then in exile in Philadelphia, who returned and served out the remainder of his time of the 1828 election ; and then Santa Anna was elected in May, 1833 ?taken prisoner at the battle of San Jacinto in 1836; Bustamente was then in exile in France, but returned on hearing of the capture of Santa Anna; and Bustamente was elected. Santa Anna on retaining his liberty, was in retirement some time on his estate, then took the field against Bustamente in 1841, and drove him from power; and Santa Anna became President in 1841 ; and being deposed by Gen. Herrp.ra. who sp.nt him tn Hnvn. na in exile; and then Herreru was deposed by Paredes, who usurped the Presidency, and is now, 1846, the military despot?N. Y. Globe, Plan op Mexican Campaign.?The New Orleans Picayune of the 5th inst. contains a plan of the Mexican campaign under Gen. Taylor, in which his course of operations will be, 1st, the capture of the town of Camargo, situated on the Rio Grande 250 miles by water above Matamoras, so soon as transports can be procured for the troops, for which purpose Gen. Taylor has dispatched Capt. Saunders of the army to New Orleans. Before reaching Camargo, the army will ' have to take the town of Reynosa, which is between Matamoras and Camargo. This latter town will be the basis of operations upon Monterey as the depot of supplies. From Camargo to Monterey 1_Q n hnnt 1QO rr*ilac? on/4 w MwwMk auiitvuj unu (iii/ V/Uu.iiii y more fertile lhan that between Matamoras and Monterey. Gen. Taylor designs to be at Monterey in all July, where it is supposed the Mexicans will make a stubborn stand, if at all, during the war. It is added that if the troops under Gen. Taylor occupy Monterey, the*whole of Mexico this side the Sierra Madre will be in the possesion of the United States, including the mining districts of New Leon, New Mexico, Santa Fe, Chihuahua, &c. &c. This calculation is based somewhat upon the idea that the United States will order an expedition from the , Missouri river upon the northern provinces. If this be done the whole of North Mexico will be in our possession. Such a disposition of the forces of the U. States would end the war at once. Rut if it'did not. our armv would hold the key to the whole of South Mexico, and the gates of the capital would, speak' ing in a military sense, be in the possession of Gen. Taylor. i PPay of Volunteers.?The following statement of the pay of officers and privates in actual service may not prove uninteresting to our readers:? Major General $376 per month. Aid to do. $38 ad. pay; Brigadier General $246 A. D. C. to do. $28 pay; a Colonel of Infantry $166 per month, Lieutenant do. $145: Major $129; Captain ? * . /s i t A/*r . &?u, ist. Lieutenant v/u, zna ao. *oa ; Adjutant $83; Sergeant $13; Corporal $10; Privates $8. A Colonel of Cavalry $183 per month; Lieutenant do. $162: Major $141; Captain $106; 1st Lieutanant $90; 2nd do $90; Adjutant $100; Privates, (self and horse) $20. The cost of 50,000 Volunteers of due proportion of Infantry and Cavalry for twelve months, would be $13,230,420. .The volunteers will be required to rlothft themselves, for which they will receive the following allowances from the government:?Sergeant for one year $38; Musician do., $38; Corporal and Private do., $36. At St. Louis on the "80th u!t., four companies of ijiountei volunteers for the expedition to Santa Pe, under Co I. Kearney, were mustered into service.