tuc DAMMED I
M IL umiiikm
"liberty and my native son-."
CHARLES H. ALLEN,""Editor.
. Abbeville I1. II., S. (!.:
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 17, 184G.
VVe are requested to say that the Anniversary
Meeting of the Sabbath School
at this place, will take place on Friday
evening next, at the Methodist Church,
upon which occasion addresses may be 1
ex octed from Tiics. Thomson and H. !
A. Jonrs, Esqs. The citizens areinvi- <
ted to attend. ?
And on Saturday evening, there will i
be a meeting of the Temperance Society <
at thfi snmp nlarn nnd ttfldrossps mnv Vip
J , ? J ""
expected from Dr. F. G. Thomas and
S. L. Heller, Esq.
Wc regret to learn that the
wheat has been very materially injured ,
in many parts of our District.
It is said Gen. De La Vega pas- >
sed through Augusta, Ga., on Oth inst., '
on his way to Washington.
Among the items of news re
ccived from Washington, we find it rumored
that a proposition has been submitted
by the British Minister to settle
the Oregon question, and that it will be
recieved. We trust this may be true,
and this long pending question, which
has been kept up at an expense of thou- J
sanus 01 uouars 10 our government, may
be forever disposed of; such a result '
would be highly gratifying to the country
in general at this particular time.
P |I^* The McDujfie Guards met at ,
/ their regular parade ground on Satur/
day last, for the purpose of organizing ,
/ and electing officers, when J. F. Mar- (
/ shall was elected Captain, J. B. Mo- ,
j ragne 1st Lieutenant, and J. N. Coon- ,
^^^^an 2d Lieutenant. (
J We learn by the Charleston papers,
J\ that thirteen companies have now tenX
dered their services ; eight have already (
been received by the Adjutant and In\
spector General?two more will be ta- (
ken from those offered, and who they
l will be is yet to be decided. Although
our State has been a little tardy in voI
lunteering, from the spirit which is now
I manifested, we believe another regiment
could be raised with ease in a short
ICjr* General Scott, by his awkardness
and selfishness, has rendered himself
ridiculous in the eyes of the world,
as well as offensive to the President, by
his recent movements. The command
of the army in Mexico, was offered to
him by the President, which he seemed
pleased to accept, but by frivolous excuses
delayed marching to his post until
his tardiness excited the surprise of the
President, and upon inquiry, he states
that he has no security in marching
against the Mexicans, leaving an enemy
in the rear. The matter is too clear that
the Gen. would prefer remaining behind
to lay his plans for the Presidential
campaign, but in this if we are not mistaken
the enemy will defeat him totally.
If there ever was a chance for him for
the Presidency, his recent course of all
others is the best adapted to blast and
ruin his expectations in that quarter.
We believe that relieving him of the
command and giving it to Gen. Taylor,'
will meet with the approbation of the,
? - ' whole country, for he certainly since the!
commencement of hostilities, has proved
L! I C ..,1 ?I1 .V- 1
Iliiuseu wvimy ui mi me nonors gOVem*ment
can confer upon him, and the
name of Taylor, is destined to be brighit
upon the page of history.
Jdr* We have received nothing by
the late mails 4rom the army that would
interest our readers. The blockade of
Vera Cruz is still going on. General
Taylor, bv the latest datfis. whs ahmit
to pursue the Mexican forces to Montery,
a town some 108 miles from Matamoras,
and attack them there. It is sta
ted that the remnant of their .miserable
army have taken refuge in that place.
There seems to bo but little prospect ol
much more hard fighting at this time
in Mexico ; the troops are too dispirited
by their recent losses to desire a conflict
with the Americans again. The gallantry
of the Americans in the late battles
have thrown new glories around the
name, and proved them worthy sons of
noble sires, who lived and moved in the
scenes of the revolution.
Southern and Western Literary Messenger
and Review : B. B. Minor, Editor,
Richmond, Va.?Terms, $5.00 per
tiiuiuiij) in auvancc*
The June No. of this interesting journal
is before us, fully as entertaining as
any of its predecessors. We have so
aften testified to the merit of the Messenger,
that it would be unnecessary for us
now to say any thing further in commendation
(for the banner.)
TO THE CITIZENS OF ABBEVILLE
The McDuJfie Guards having tendered
their services to the Governor, to
meet the requisition for troops upon this
State, and having been accepted as one
nf tVif? rnmnnnioe tr? nr???lra lin T?Dm
"T v" "1' ""w
ment of Volunteers, we take this occasion,
as the officers of the .company, to
invite our fellow-citizens, and especially
Ihose of the Savannah Regiment, to
come forward and join our ranks. We
have now the requisite number of men
to constitute a company ; but the privilege
is extended to increase our number
to a hundred men. We are induced to
believe that the gallantry and public
spirit of our citizens will not leave us
long without that number on our list.
Most of those who now belong to the
company are from the Saluda Regiment,
and are taken from one section of the
District. We think that our fellow-citizens
who compose the other portion ol
our District will not be surpassed in du
ty and patriotism, and will be unwilling
to remain silent and inactive whilst
others are moving in our country's
The McDuffie Guards will be the
company which is to represent Abbeville
District among the volunteers wIk are
called upon to engage in the present
war: and we deem it sufficient to say to
her citizens, that an opportunity is now
afforded them to sustain their well
known character foi* courage and patriotism.
Those who wish to join the company,
can do so by application to any of the
officers. J. F. Marshall, Captain.
J. B. Moragne, 1st Lieut.
I J. N. Cochran, 2d Lieut.
Annivp.rsnrv nf St TMTltf th? V.vaniroliot
j VI Mil VVJUU1J IUU UVIUlgVUOII
The Masonic Brethren of CLINTON
LODGE of free and accepted Masons,
will celebrate the Nativity of their Patron,
at Abbeville C. H., on the 24tb inst. A
Procession will be formed at Masonic Hal]
at eleven i'block, A. M., and thus walktc
the Methodist Church [the use of whicli
having been kindly granted for this occa?
sion] where, after reading a portion of the
Scriptures, the Throne of Grace will be
addressed, and a suitable Ode sung, aftei
which, an Address will be delivered bj
brother Mat. J. Williams.
The Order of Procession will then be
resumed towards the residence of brothei
James Mojre, at which place dinner wil!
It is hoped the Masonic brethren
throughout the District and also their fa.
miiies will attend, as they are hereby fra-i
ternally invited to dine with the members
of Clinton Lodge on this occasion. The
Band of Music from Greenwood are engaged
for the day.
By order of Committee of Arrangements.
June 15 E. S. BAILEY, Ch'n.
It is stated that the Whigs ol
Virginia alone, have subscribed
the very handsome sum of $10,000
for the relief and support of the
mother, and family of the late John
Hampden Pleasants, Numerous
donations have been received, also,
from citizens of other States.
gdP" We extract the following from
the Correspondence of the New Orleans
MATAMORAS, May 26.
Lieut. Wells, of the spies, informed
inp vAstnrrlnv tlint frnn A rictn lisul
ted at the distance of 80 miles from this
place, and is receiving reinforcements
quite briskly. Lieut. W. with a few
men, followed them 60 miles. The
Mexicans say he (Arista) will certainly
return and attack us at this place, but
the best informed Americans entertain
no such idea.
If things are left to Taylor's discretion
he will march from this place to Monterey?on
this river?and if he does, the
Mexicans will give him a hard fight?
men will turn out to defend their homes
and property in that section that we
have never had to cope with yet?men,
who, when called on heretofore to put
down rebellion or to invade Texas, have
paid two or three dollars for a miserable
substitute, will now take their rifles,
! and march to the field of fight; and
these Rio Grande llancheros know how
to use the rifle too. From the manner
in which they fought on the 9th, you
may safely infer that the next fight will
be a hard one. They will always manage
to have two or three to one when
they fight us, and we look upon it as an
equalizing thing, (you think this boast
ing but is an absolute fact.)
An express was sent from this place
I* to Washington six days ago, and the
general belief is, that we will not move
from here until advised by the Govern!
ment to that effect. In such a case, we
i will drill in the interim, and make prc.
parations for any contingency.
The U. S. Dragoons left yesterday for
Point Isabel, to get their horses shod ;
' they area fine looking set of men, and
did much good service in the field,
i Capt Walker, (believe now a Major,)
i is here with his men. tie rode by our
quarters yesterday on Tornado, the
horse sent him from New- Orleans.
Tornado seems as fond of his backer as
the backer does of him, and they were
the observed of all observers. Walker's
: men say he has but one fault, and that
. is too brave for his discretion. Captain
Price, also of the Texan Rangers,
is here with a fine set of men, and is a
1 rough customer for a Mexican to run
, against. Major Hoys is occupying the
, post at San Antonio by Taylor's orders
and will remain there until we
. march. We were about issuing an Army
Chronicle here, but before we could
get possession of the Office, somo one
took it, ana paid or agreed to pay the
original owner for the use oi it.
Our troops are in excellent spirits and
1 long for the moment which will place
them face to face with the enemy. The
i two volunteer regiments from your city,
t are in particularly bouyant spirits, not,
withstanding their late heavy march.
They have too much pride to complain.
P. S.?Since the commencement oi
1 my letter I have conversed with a gen'
tleman of much intelligence, who in[
formed me, that Gen. Taylor would
positively cease offensive operations, until
he heard from Washington. He says
that Matamoras was ta^ui without or>
ders, as the commandei^vere emphati!
cally to act upon the defensive, and not
cross the river under any pretence. He
will not be blamed admitting he has
overstepped his orders, for he has done
some good service on the frontier. Un
less Arista returns to Matamoras, there
will be no further hostilities until Uncle
Sam tells his sons to go ahead.
NEW ORLEANS, June 5.
From Tobasco?Very Late.?The
barque Texidor, Capt. Major, from Tobasco,
bound to Marseilles, came to anchor
off the Southwest Pass on Monday
last. She sailed from that port on the
28th ult., having a passage of only four
days to the Balize.
From Capt. Major, who came up to
the city to procure provisions, &c., we
learn that great excitement existed in
Tabasco against the Americans. An
order of embargo on American vessels
was received from the general government
as he was about leaving.
The order came by express from the
city of Mexico: and Capt. Major, on re1
ceiving the earliest intimation of his ar'
rival in the city, succeeded, by the as'
sistance of several friends, in reaching
1 his vessel. The Governor having failed
t to prevent Capt. Major's departure, order.
ed said,the Mexican steamer Ventura, to
go out and capture his vessel. The
, commander of the steamer, however,
knew the Texidor was furnished with
one gun, and therefore considered it the
. better part of discretion not to be in too
great a hurry firing up.
The policy of this course was further
1 onrrrroof^ U U-. r* 1
^M56wt,l,wu mill uy iti. IltSclYIUg
to, off the bar, and cutting up bis chain
sheets into small lengths for shot, loading
his six pounder, and intending,
as he expressed it, to "smash the
Ventura's coffee mill," if she ventured
out. The Governor placed about fifty
soldiers in charge of the New Orleans
schooner. Tobasco is represented as
entirely destitute of fortifications or other
defence, except the presence of about
400 Mexican soldiers.
/r . ? ?
Vvapi. may was ai nis consignees' in
the city when the order came, and was
guarded to his boat oil the beach by
about twenty of his friends, well armed,
so that the soldiers were afraid to attempt
to make him prisoner.
The schr. , Capt. Cox, of New
Orleans, was seized, and the master detained
in the capitol. The Texidor left
several English vessels in port loading.
No American man-of-war had as yet
been seen off the port.
From a gentleman who arrived in
the steam ship Alabama, from Matamoros,
we learn that it is the least of Gen.
Taylor's intentions to rest on his arms
for any length of time. At a period not
more distant than ten days he means to
take up the lino of march for Monterey,
and Nuevo Leon, the present camp of
the enemy. He takes Camargo, lleinoso
and Mier in his route. There are
laurels yet to be plucked bv our soldiers
from the tree of Fame.?Delta.
From the Mobile Herald Tribune,5,inst.
LATER FROM MEXICO.
The U. S. steamship Mississippi, Captain
Fitzhight, arrived at Pensacola on
Friday last, the 4th inst., having sailed
from Vera Cruz on the 31st ult. She
brought as passengers, J. Parrott, Esq.,
late American Consul at Mazatlan, F.
M. Dimond Esq., late Consul at the city
of Mexco, and 13. Wood of the U. S.
Navy, bearer of important despatches to
our government, Irom Com. Sloat, commanding
the Pacific squadron. Seven
other Americans from Mexico also arrived.in
Mr. Parrott, Mr. Dirnon and Dr.
Wood arrived here on Sunday?the latter
named gentleman hastened on .to
Washington with the despatches.
The only political news of impor
i laiitc which we gamer irotn tnese gentlemen
is thai Mazatlan and Tepee had
declared for Santa Anna, and it was
generally thought that he would be recalled.
The cause of the revolutionary
movement was understood not to be connected
with the Texas question, as was
the case in former revolutions.
From Mr. Parrott, we learn that he
met the news of the capture of Capt.
Thornton and the commencement of
hostilities, at Gaudalaxara. Upon inquiring
at the Post Office he learned
that the Government had not expressed
the news. Mr. P. immediately employed
a trusty person to carry, despatches
containing all the particulars possible to
be obtained, to Commodore Sloat, lying
at Mazatlan with his squadron. This
express would reach Com. S. five days
in advance of all other communications,
and there can be no doubt that ere this
our flag is waving over the walls of Mazatlan,
as well as Menterey in California.
Our readers may recollect that some
time since it was announced that Capt.
, Fremont had been ordered out of California
by the Mexican authorities.
When this news reached Com. Sloat,
he immediately despatched the sloop-oiwar
Portsmouth to St. Francisco Bay to
| act as circumstances might require.
The American squadron at Mazatlan,
on the 1st of May, consisted of the
frigate Savannah, Com. Sloat, 50 guns ;
sloops Jbavant, fage,24 guns; Warren,
Hull, 24 guns; Cyene, Marvin, 24
guns ; store ship Erie, and hourly expected
frigate Congress, and sloop Ports
The British force at the same date,
consisted of the Callingwood, 80 guns;
Talbot, 26; Juno, 26; brig Spy, tender,
3; and the brig Frolic at Guayamas,
taking in treasure for England.
It was reported that other British
ships of war were to rendezvous at Mazatlan,
but none othefs- had arrived.
But little doubt exists at Mazatlan and
among the officers of the squadron, that
the British admiral has instructions not
to allow the American squadron to take
Dossession of anv nnrts nn thn
If this supposition should prove correct,
the next news from the Pacific will
be of the most highly exciting character
?as there cannot exist a doubt that
Com. Sloat will take possession at all
hazards. It is supposed that for some
time past Com. S has had instructions
10 seize all Mexican ports on that coast,
whenever he should receive reliable
news of the commencement of hostilities
between the two countries.
There are 15 daily newspapers
published in Cincinnati, eleven of
which are in English and four in
the German language. Seventeen
weeklies, unconnected with daily
issues: two semi-monthlies, and
Iturbide?Emperor of the limited
monarchy established after the separation
of Spain?exiled, returned and shot,
Gen. Victoria, the first President,
elected 1824, with Gen. Bravo as Vice
President, who denounced Victoria, but
was beaten, surrendered and banished.
Gen. Pedraza, was elected April,
1828, over his opponent, Gen. Guerrero,
who used violence to displace him; he
was aided by a force with Santa Anna at
its head, who was defeated, and made
his escape. In 1818 (October) a mob
headed by ex-Marquis Cadena seized
the Government, Pedraza fled, and
Guerrero was declared elected, with
Bustamente for Vice Prpsldpnt
? ? . MWli
after that, Bustamente revolted, civil
war ensued, which ended in the execution
of Guerrero in February, 1831, at
Bustamente in the President's chair.
In 1823 Santa Anna marched from Vera
Cruz to the capital, made Bustamente
resign in favor of Pedrazer, then
in exile in Philadelphia, who returned
and served out the remainder of his time
of the 1828 election ; and then
Santa Anna was elected in May, 1833
?taken prisoner at the battle of San
Jacinto in 1836; Bustamente was then
in exile in France, but returned on hearing
of the capture of Santa Anna; and
Bustamente was elected. Santa Anna
on retaining his liberty, was in retirement
some time on his estate, then
took the field against Bustamente in
1841, and drove him from power; and
Santa Anna became President in
1841 ; and being deposed by
Gen. Herrp.ra. who sp.nt him tn Hnvn.
na in exile; and then Herreru was deposed
Paredes, who usurped the Presidency,
and is now, 1846, the military
despot?N. Y. Globe,
Plan op Mexican Campaign.?The
New Orleans Picayune of the 5th inst.
contains a plan of the Mexican campaign
under Gen. Taylor, in which his course
of operations will be, 1st, the capture of
the town of Camargo, situated on the
Rio Grande 250 miles by water above
Matamoras, so soon as transports can be
procured for the troops, for which purpose
Gen. Taylor has dispatched Capt.
Saunders of the army to New Orleans.
Before reaching Camargo, the army will
' have to take the town of Reynosa, which
is between Matamoras and Camargo.
This latter town will be the basis of operations
upon Monterey as the depot of
supplies. From Camargo to Monterey
1_Q n hnnt 1QO rr*ilac? on/4
w MwwMk auiitvuj unu (iii/ V/Uu.iiii y
more fertile lhan that between Matamoras
and Monterey. Gen. Taylor
designs to be at Monterey in all July,
where it is supposed the Mexicans will
make a stubborn stand, if at all, during
It is added that if the troops under Gen.
Taylor occupy Monterey, the*whole of
Mexico this side the Sierra Madre will
be in the possesion of the United States,
including the mining districts of New
Leon, New Mexico, Santa Fe, Chihuahua,
&c. &c. This calculation is based
somewhat upon the idea that the United
States will order an expedition from the
, Missouri river upon the northern provinces.
If this be done the whole of
North Mexico will be in our possession.
Such a disposition of the forces of the
U. States would end the war at once.
Rut if it'did not. our armv would hold
the key to the whole of South Mexico,
and the gates of the capital would, speak'
ing in a military sense, be in the possession
of Gen. Taylor.
PPay of Volunteers.?The following
statement of the pay of officers and privates
in actual service may not prove
uninteresting to our readers:?
Major General $376 per month. Aid
to do. $38 ad. pay; Brigadier General
$246 A. D. C. to do. $28 pay; a Colonel
of Infantry $166 per month, Lieutenant
do. $145: Major $129; Captain
? * . /s i t A/*r .
&?u, ist. Lieutenant v/u, zna ao. *oa ;
Adjutant $83; Sergeant $13; Corporal
$10; Privates $8.
A Colonel of Cavalry $183 per
month; Lieutenant do. $162: Major
$141; Captain $106; 1st Lieutanant
$90; 2nd do $90; Adjutant $100;
Privates, (self and horse) $20.
The cost of 50,000 Volunteers of due
proportion of Infantry and Cavalry for
twelve months, would be $13,230,420.
.The volunteers will be required to
rlothft themselves, for which they will
receive the following allowances from
the government:?Sergeant for one
year $38; Musician do., $38; Corporal
and Private do., $36.
At St. Louis on the "80th u!t.,
four companies of ijiountei volunteers
for the expedition to Santa
Pe, under Co I. Kearney, were
mustered into service.
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