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THE BANNER. I
l | WEEKLY. | Vol. III. Abbeville C. H., S. C. July 1, 1846. E?o. 18.; ! f Published every Wednesday Morning, bv ALLEN & KEKR. 2T c f m n. ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENTS per mmum, if paid within three months from the time of subscribing, or TWO DOLLARS after that time. No subscription received for less than six months; and no paper discontinued until an arrearages are paid, except at the option of the editor. Subscriptions will he continued, unless, notice be ?iv?-n otherwise previous to the close of the volume. Fiom the South- Western Mechanic. A HELIC OF '70. There was recently discovered anions the papers of the late M ijor Shoel'inyer, ail ardent patriot of the Revolution, the following interesting document. It is a j discourse delivered by the Rev. Jacob j 1 rout, on the evening before tlie battle of Brundywine i. e. on tlit: 11th of September, 1777. It was pronounced be fore the main body ol the American army, in presence of Gen. Wayne, and other distinguished officers of the. army. R EVOLUTION A R Y SE RMO.W ' They that tuku the sword, shall perish by the sword." Soldiers ami countryman :? We have met this evening perhaps | for the last time. W e have shared the | toil of the march, the peril of the fight, ! and the dismay of the retreat alike ; we have endured the cold and. hunger, the contumely of internal foe, and the courage of the foreign oppressor. We have sat night after night, beside the camp fire ; we have together heard the roll of the revellie, which called us to duty, or the beat of tatto, which gave the signal i for hardy sleep of the soldier, with the earth for his bed and knap sack for his pillow. And now soldiers and brethren, we rally on the eve of battle while the sunlight is dying away, beyond yonder heights, and the sunlight that to-mor row morn will gliuitner on scenes of blood. We have met amid the whitening tents of our encampment; in time of terror and gloom have we gathered together?God grant it may not be for the last time. It is a solemn moment. Brethren docs not the solemn voicc of nature, seem I echo the sympathies of the hour 1 The flag of our country droops heavily from yonder stafT?the breeze has died away along the green plain of Chadd's Ford?the nlnin that snromU before-, us glittering in sunlight?the heights of Liie Brandy wine arc gloomy and grand beyond the waters of yonder stream?all nature holds a pause of solemn silence, on the eve of uproar and bloodshed to-morrow. 41 They that take the sword, shall periah by the sword." And have they not taken up the sword ? Let the desolated plain, the blooilden vallies. the burned farm-house blackening in the sun, the sacked village, and the ravaged town, answer?let the whitening bones of the butchered farmer strewn along the fields of his homestead, j answer?let the starving mother, with! her babe clinging to the withered breast j that can afford no susiaincnce, let her an swer with the death rattle minf/linir < C? O | with ihe murmuring tones that marked ! the last struggle of her life : let the ily- i ing mother and her babe answer. It was but a day past and our land | slept in the quiet peace. War was I not here. Fraud and woe, and misery | and want, dwelt not among us. From i the eternal solitude of the greenwoods,! arose the smolce of the settler's cabin, 1 gloden fields of corn looked forth amid l the waste of the wilderness, and glad music of human voices awoke the silence of the forest. Now, God, of mercy, behold the phange! Under the shadow of a pretext, utidi-r V?p siinrtitv nf th?? n:irr?A < ?! ("iivl inirn. king thr Redeemer to heir aid, do those foreign hirelings slay our people ! They throng our towns ?they darken our plains, and now they encompass our posts on the lonely ple.in ol Cliadu's Ford. " Tliey that take the sword, slist!l p.-ritsli by the 8word." Brethren think me not unworthy of belief when I tell you that the doom of the British is near. Think me. not vain .when I tell you that beyond the cloud now enshrouds us, I see gathering thick ajid last, the darker the blackest storm of divine retribution ! The may ponquer us to-morrow. Minht nr?H wrnntr mav Drevail. and we ?"* o J r 9 may be driven from this field but the honor of God's own vengeance will come! ~:..Ay, if in the vast solitude of eternal space, if in the heart of the boundless universe, there throbs the being of an awful God. quick to avenge and sure to punish guilt, then will the man George Brunswick, called King, feci in his br.iin nnil heart, the vengeance of the eternal Jehovah! A blight will be upon liis life?a withered brain of ae- i cursed intellect; a blight will be upon his children and on his people. Great God how dread the punishment! A crowded populace, peopling tin* dense town? where the man of money I thrives while tin- laborer starves ; want | striding among them in ail its lorms of) temr; an ignorant and God-defying priestl.ood chuckling over the miseries ol millions; a proud and merciless nobility adding wiong to wrong, and heapinsr insult upon robbery and fraud; royalty corrupt to the very heart, and aristocracy rotten to the very core; crime and want j linked hand in hand, and tempting men ! to deeds of woe and death?these are a I part of doom and retribution that is to come upon the English people. Soldiers?1 look around upon your familiar faces with a strange interest! To-morrow morning we will go forth to the battle?for need I tull you that your unworthy minister will march forth to battle! Need I exhort you to fight the good fight, to fight tor your wives and children 'I My Iriends, 1 might urge you to fight by tho gulling memories of the British wrongs. Walton?I might tell you of your father butchered on the plains of Trenton ; I might picture his grey hairs dabbled in blood; I might ring his death shriek in your cars Shelmirc? I might tell you of a butchcd mother, and a sister outraged ; the lonely farmhouse, the night assault, the roof in flames, the shouts of the troopers as they despatched their victims, the cries for mercy and the pleadings of innocence for pity, I might paint this all again, in 1 the vivid colors of the terrible reality, if I thought your courage needed such wild excitement. But I know you are strong in the might of the Lord. You will march lortli to battle on the morrow with light 1 hearts and determined spirit, though the 1 solemn?the duty of avenging the dead ?may rest heavy on your souls. And in the hour of battle, when all ( around is darkness, lit by the lurid cannon glare, and the piercing musket flash, when the wounded strew the ground, ( and the dead litter your path, then remember soldiers, that God is with you. The eternal God figiits for you?he rides 011 the battle cloud, he sweeps onward with the march of the hurricane charge?"God the awful and infinite lights for you, and you will triumph. * They thai take the sword, shall perish j by the sword." j You have taken the sword, bnt not in the spirit of wrong or revenge. You have taken the sword for your home?, for your wives, for your little ones. You have taken the sword for truth and justice and right, and to you the promise is ?be of good eheer for your foes have taken the sword in defiance to all that men hold dear, in blasphemy of God? they shall perish by the sword. And brethren and soldiers, 1 bid you ; all farewell. Many of us may fall in i the battle of to-morrow. God rest the souls of the fallen?many of us may live to tell the story of the fight to-morrow, and in the memory of all will ever test and linger the quiet scene of this autumnal night. I solemn twi.igiu advances over mc ; ! valley; the woods on the opposite heights fling their long shadows over j ; tin- green of the meadows ; around us i ! aio the tents of the continental host, the j ; suppressed bustle, of I he camp, the hur- J , ried tramp of the soliiers to and fro j | among the the tents, the stillness and j j awe that marks the eve of battle, j When we meet a?;ain may the sha- j : dow of twilight be flung over a peaceful : land?God in heaven grunt it. Moral principle is the citadel of! the heart. All education, therefore. which is conducted irrespective of this, is hut. I he erecti< n of out-works to besiege the strongholds ol virtue. | ! The expenses of the Empress of | Russia, during her sojourn in Italy, arc estimated at ?,40,000 per month. Gen. Gaines, it is said, is about sixty-nine years of age ; Gen Scott about sixty-four, and Gen. Taylor fifr.y-aix. i From the Baltimore Sun. Five Days Litter from Europe. ARRIVAL OK THIS ST E A MS! Ill' C A L E DO NIA. The steamship Calcitonin, Capt. E G. Lott, arrive) at Boston on tlio 18t!i instant. The cotton market has been reduced | 4 . ~r - ? 1 uijum iu u ui comparative quiciuue Prince Louis Napolron has arrived in England incog., and is about t<? leave for Florence, there to join his invalid father. It would appear from what O'Connel ; stated on Monday, that Sir Robert Perl j is determined to press forward the Irish j Coercion bill when Parliament re-as- I semblcd, alter the Whitsuntide holy- ! days. j The Oregon question has now ceased j to give any uneasinrss. England lias offered Ucr mediation between the United States and Mexico. Mr. Pakcnham lias received instructions to that eflbet from the British (Jovernmcntby the Caledonia. The second reading of the Irish Coercion bill is take place on Monday next. Respecting the fate of the Ministry the impression is, that Sir Robert Peel is far in advance of his colleagues, and that he is anxious to apply to sugar the free trade principles which he has extended to corn. The annual statement of the Exchequer is given, comparing the income with expenditure for current year?anticipated surplus of two millions two hundred pounds. But the increased expenditure in Navy and Ordnance de parimenis mis year, oniy leit a surplus of seven hundred seventy-six thousand of which seven hundred thousand was received from China. The Paris paper La Presse, of Monday, reached our oflice last night, which announces that orders had been sent by the Minister of Marine to Urest, and the other military harbors, to despatch a number of ships to the Gulf of Mexico, lu reinforce the squadron stationed there, in cousequcnce of the war between the United States and Mexico. The Overland mail of May 1st reached London yesterday. It possesses no political, anil little commercial interest The seeds of another contest in the Sikh country were sown at the termination of the late war. Portugal has been the scene of another attempt at revolution, consequent ; upon a change of the ministry It ap- I pears that for the Portuguese it would ' have been a more than ordinary euergo- j *!/? n I Freights at Livetpool?The warlike tidings per Cambria, have tended to check shipments in some degree, and a ! few houses having determined not to | ship in American bottoms, has caused j some little enquiry for British vessels. j There is not, however, a single Aine- j rican ship in the port, unfreighted. The j amount of freight going forward is still limited. In the absence of much demand for passengeis, ship business must be considered dull, notwithstanding the unusual scarcity of tonnage. OREGON TERRITORY. British Parliament?Mr. Hume asked whether the government had been officially informed that the President of the United States had received direc tions from Congress to give notice to this country of their intention to terminate the joint occupancy of the Oregon territory, and whether that noticc had been given. Sir Robert Peel?I can have no objection to answer the question the honorable gentleman has put to me, by stating that the American President has given to their Majesty's Government the formal notice necessary for the termination of the existing convention, at the termination of the year. And in doing so, the President has adopted, the terms which were assented to by both, Houses of the Legislature of the United States That the notice was given with the view of leading to an amicable adjust ment of the differences between the two countries on this subject. [Hear, hear.] The opposition Paris journals all side with the United States, and predict an early con'|nest of Mexico. The apprehensions caused by the Mexican wor weighed 011 the Paris money market. The losing scenc in the French Chamber oi Deputies showed that M. Thiers I had lost none of hjs pujrnuciousness. I le j ?? 1?lt 'I I It .71111111 LI I I Willi II IC I l ilt UUVfl^ill Vj M. (ju.zo!, in which the culm philosophy of the lirst .Minister was more than a match lor the fiery little historian of the Consulate. j The commercial treaty between Prus- ! sia and Turkey, which has been so j long >n preparation, was signed on the; :JUth of April. Tiie Ghoi.kha.?We have already i stated that the Cholera had made its ap- | pearance in some of tiio provinces of! Persia, carrying deatli into the principal j towns. It has spread from Bukhara to i I lerat and Mesliio. and has now taken) the direction from the Caspian Sea to Teheran and Ispahan. Late accounts from Odessa state that it had crossed the Russian territory and iipj^fcjed sudden- ' ly at Till is, taking a nortl^^ly direction iwtt ?lw\ i.m.?-.%! ~ ' 1?? \.v^n iiiu vsti2*i/iuii aim ui?iv. iw ouiis, j On the other side the Ceolera broke out ! unexpectedly at Orenburg, in the mines | of the Ural mountains; it crossed the Volga, and set its loot in Kurope. at Casan, only 2,001) kilometers from rft. Petersburg. Li' the accounts wo have received arc exact, it has taken a most irregular direction. It has advanced from west to north, and does not seem to have followed the banks of the river, as in 1828 and 1832. From the Rio Grande, June 1 si. The editor has not room for much either of preface or apology for his prosent enterprise. To chroniclc Camp anecdotes and ribald jests or fill his little sheet with odd advertisements ior pecuniary profit, would be an uncongenial task. He had a higher aim, which speaks for itself in his leading article of to-day's paper. The avocation is new to him, and was prompted only by a desire to promote the mutual interests of the two countries, now so needlessly warring in unequal combat. His first nKlirrnt!Ano ??ro /Ino t/\ lnc n?if I Ul V MUU IV/ XI IO I1UH ? IKIIU^ but he would also contribute, if he could, to shield a neighboring and undoubtedly the most intelligent portion of the ! Mexican people, from the devastations of war of which their territory is made the theatre, and which they must be the victims if they oppose, and the beneficiaries if they unite, with a race which seems destined by Providence ?.o shed over this Continent the light of a higher j civilization and a purer mortality?a i race that bases freedom upon knowledge j ?that breaks down the barriers of rank i and privilege, and elevates the whole mass of its pe?>j>le in the moral and physical scale, with the lever of universal intelligence. It is a rare spectacle in the world's long history, to a nation, forced into war by continued aggressions, by repeated and systematic spoliation upon the pro perty and rights of her citizens, and in contemptuous disregard of national cour! tesy, 'every species of insult publicly, j heaped upon her Minister; and at the! | same time the actual hostilities preceded ! by tiie brutal murder of peaceable fanii- j [ lies?their wives and daughters first vio- j latcd before their eyes, and then butch- : ered in one common pile?it is rare, we repeat, to find examples in history, i \vhpvr> ni\'?vr?<rntums so nirruMmia hsur#* ' slumbered unavenged m the victors ! memory. Where is the campaign re- j corded in which rapine did not follow i rapine with willing hand and deadly ! will? Yet the American Army has paid this lofty tribute to its country's character. Kven in the hour of battle, in the deadly conflict and the clash of sieel, not one vindictive blow was given ?not an enemy was struck after he ceased to resist; while on the other side, [ the only two corpses that fell into the hands of the Mexicans, were, stripped ! and mutilated with savage ferocity. Since the occupation of Matamoros, j the. mumcip.il authorities of the city I have been in the peaceful exercise ol'i their functions, nor has a citizen been molested in person or property by the American forces. The printing prtS3 from which this sheet appears, being claimed as private property by a citizen, is respected as such by the commanding General, although it was used for government purposes under Arista and Ampudia. It is rented by its present 1 AdvtTlistiurniu WILL be conspicuously inso. d a cents per t-quarc for tin; lir.*-1 ins<?rtio<? and M7J, cents lor each continuance? longer out's charged iti proportion. Those not having the desired number of insertions marked upon thorn will be continued, until ordered out, and charged accordingFor advertising Estrnys Tolled", TWO DOLL A IIS, to be paid by the* Magistrate. For announcing a: Candidate, TWO DOLLARS, in advance. 0^7' All letters or communications must b?* directed to th?* fcditor, postage paid. Editor from il> Mexican proprietor, and the payment guaranteed to his own satisfaction. Let these fuels convince the people of this valley, that we arc not the lawless robbers, wliich their base rulers have described us to be. Let them inquire of their own neighbors, who daily come among us to sell their produce and who receive the market price for all they bring us. Let them be prepared for our onward march, and, remember, in the words of a great Spanish Captain, of her ehivnlrie days : i; fear ye not, the brave at.il generous soldier is only co be dreaded in the field of battle." n,n. rv. .-v,...,- \vu.,? - ? v^mw WV.>1U1. II lull ?l 31JUI1IUU spectacle does this ??rent Union present ;it the present crisis! What a glorious tableau for the eyes of our brother patriots in the old world! A nation of merchants, of artisans, of agriculturists, of men of peace and industrial habits, has been transformed into a nation of warriors at the signal of war. The heart of the American leaps at the sight. The soul expands with high and holy aspirations at the thought. The sneers and menaces of kings full alike before the uprising of a free and determined people. Wherever we turn, the most gratifying assurances of patriotic love of country meet our view. From the Rio Grande to the waters of the Aroostook we behold the same exhibition of devotion to our country. Cannon answers cannon 'rom one extreme of the Union to the other?the shouts of victory that went up from our little army on tha9th of May, have been responded to in every valley, on every mountain top in the ocean-bound Republic. Millions of voices have echoed the electric word, and millions of strong arms are uplifted to perpetuate it. Are there croakers among us who would detract i rom our joy and hush, our voices by pointing towards the white cliffs of Albion the trembling finger of tear??let them rise up from out the ignominy of coward selfishness, and take a bird:s eye view of the scene which is before them. Look abroad over the land! Look at Louisiana, at Alabama, at Missouri, and at Kentucky, Mississippi, Texas, Georgia, Virginia, the Carolinas. Ohio, Maryland, New York, and to the far eastern border. Look at our own old Keystone! and behold city. ...n i i ,i?. ?i: :*!, viiaujju aim iici ill ici aiivu wiui jji trjiu I iitiou. Can this people ever be subdued by a foreign power? Millions ol hearts uniting in one great America, respond ?millions of hands point to the stars and stripes and proclaim with more power than words, " they shall float there forever!" America stands alone upon the Globe, the greatest, the most liberal, the most magnanimous of nations? Her noble institutions are the pride and the glory of her people?her strength is in the sinews of freeman whose allegiance is love. Whatever of discontent, whatever of local discord or political strife arise in times of peace, the first footfali of the invader is the signal fur general and indivisible union. The native born and the exile, the believers in all creeds, the members of all parties, forgetting alike birth, prejudice and preference, fly to the standard oi the btates; a host ot brothers, assembled upon the general hearthstone. That there arc isolated exceptions, we must admit, though it be with the generous pity with which one beholds the. prostitution of beloved kindred; but these are so lew as to hardly mar the glory of the groat whole. Many humane but misguided minds revolt at the idea of war, and shrink from its horrors even when the nation's honor is at stake; and there may be a very small class who, though nurtured on our soil, have given up their birth-right to the common 1'. ...1 . L. _ I eut-iuy. 1 ti wiicii mu gicai comes these will be as chaff before the breath of patriotic public sentiment: in a moment tliey will be swept from the stage of existence, remembered only as examples to future generations. Philadelphia Weekly 'limes. The moro vou know. flip, more modest you should be. Even where you are sure, seem rather doubtful; represent, but do not pronounce; and if you would convince others, seem open to convici tion yourself.