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Vol. III. Abbeville C. H., S. C. August 19, 1846. No. 25.j
Published every Wednesday Morning, by
ilcto Serins.
nn tvtrr?n __ 1C * _l . i .?
id per annum, n puiu wumn tliree
months trom th?? time of subscribing, or
TWO DOLLARS after that tun-. No
subscription received for h-ss than six
months; and no paper discontinued until
all arr< arai/es are paid, <*xcepi at the option
of the editor. Subscriptions ivill be
continued, unless notice b?* ?jiv n other- ,
wis" previous to thn close of the volume. j
(fob the banner )
True Temperance Principles?Tlie Law?
The Church?The Aiken Conventon.
Mr Editor:?I have no conjecture
who penned " Tempera ce Notionsit)
your l:isi Banner, but viewing him as
a friend to the cause, laboring under a (
deep mistake as to some of his notions,
and a misapplication of others, I give '
him credit for rectitude of intention.
He surveys one half the fi .'Id, and '
makes his plat accordingly. Let us ,
survey the other, and see if we can not :
reach " that propriety of measures,"
which our friend, and all true friends to *
the cause are " consulting."
1st. 1 dissent from some of the " notions"
of u Amo Tiieos," on civil govern- ,
ment. His position is^ " that this great i
monster of enmity and destruction, (
should (not) be permitted to range un1
3 -l *(
cnecKea over inc peaceiui uominions oi j
a civilized people," and " that greater in- j
fluence can be exerted over an enlighte- |
lied people by the gentle art of persua- '
sion as a method of reformation, than 1
by any resort to forced restrictions."
The great error of this position is conveyed
in the two last words. It is a false
notion of civil liberty to call government
" forced restrictions!! "
The idea of force and restraint in civil
government, should never enter the
O I 1
ihead of a good citizen, or a law abiding <
man ; it is rather the language of disaf- >
feclion and licentiousness. Who makes !
tthe law, but the people themselves? j
What is law, but the public sentiment, .
and the public wish and will? Does a <
good man view government as forcing <
him to what is right? Certainly not; '
he obeys because it is his choice, and he j
1 1 AT
is one 01 me law maKing power. i\or ;
does he view it as a " restriction," but a 1
great blessing, a privilege, and his highest
liberty to cease from evil. But fur- s
ther; this position is untenable in the I
premise ; it is not the jact that all the J
people of this dominion are ?;enlighte- (
ned*' or virtuous, as sad experience and 1
the hisiory of the world too abundantly s
This, and all good governments, have j
upheld and supported public morals. It j
is just as legitimate an object of its guardian
care, as life, property, or character.
The law of this State supports by legislation
the preservation of the Sabbath
day. The laws of this State aid and
support public rnorsds, in suppressing t
gambling and gambling houses, and I
wny not retailing ana tippling houses,
as a more prolific source of crime and
social disorder, than both the others put
together. Are there not innumerable
other evils and disorders connected with
retealing, over and beyond drunkenness!
From whence arises more idl -riess, p->nury
and heavy taxation? and where
are greater facilities to corrupt the purity
of elections, your slave population (and
of course your property) by inducing
ihem to steal, and making them insubordinate,
than are to be found in these <
sinks of iniquity?grogshops.
Now have not Temperance men as 1
deep an interest in these things (apart
from all considerations peculiar to temperance,)
as other citizens have ? Every
relation in life carries with it corresponding
duties and obligations", which harmonise,
but never conflict or dispense
with those of another. For instance,
ray relation to the temperance society re- ?
quires but one duty, and but one obligation?not
to drink.?That is its precept
and example; that is its beginning, its
middle, aud its end ; and as it gives no
nower, right, or privilege on the one
hand, it should deprive of none on the
other; it is a mere point in the compass.
Thera is also the relation of husband
$nd wife, which carries with it a wide
circle of duties and obligations. But
the highest of all temporal relations we
bear on earth, is our social relation, as
a citiz- n of the country. Here our duties,
as vv^ll as our privileges, n?e alike
innumerable, indispensabl \ and as endless
as the compass of human lite itsell
We have yet another and highest of all,
our relation to God as our maker and to
His church. I repeat then, that all
these, with other memberships, harmoniously
move in their proper spheres,
concentrating in the grand, and paramount,
social relation that of citizen of
ihe country. And yet the policy and
argument of ' Amo Theos," is to divest
me of some of the highest duties and
dearest privileges of citizenship.
Why then, as a citizen, have I not a
right, and is it not equally my duly and
privilege, to indict violators of the law,
although 1 might happen to be a Commissioner
of roads, a member of'a Town
Council oi a temperance man ?
Ah! how false the delicacy! how
senseless the prejudice! and how manifestly
unjust this must appear, when we
have the reason assigned, viz : " It is impolitic
and will prejudice the cause ! I "
This is the unmeaning cry of multi:udes,
not knowing what they say or
ivhereot they affirm?' Honesty is the best
volicy" and the path of duly is always
politic, but it is short sighted policy, and
1 great sin to make duty bend to policy,
>r swerve from the path of rectitude for
ear of prejudice. Impolitic !! it is the
watch word of the weary politician and
;he wily Jesuit, a Strang , word, not
known in the vocabulary of the honest
%nd the brave. The laws delay by fine
?na imprisonment is quite mild in my
tumble opinion. I feel more disposed
in honest indignation, directly to annihilate
the whole line in an instant, without
my circumlocution about it, as the very
ivomen in Michigan, recently demolish
sd a Bowling ally, which their husbands
had not the manliness or the courage to
lo. But this would be force! and per
laps the opposite extreme from tthat
1 genll^art of persuasion" suggested in
1 Temperance notions."
? ?mn \A O C1.' if it V?A tl r% i
m. it vuiu uon^ ii iv uv opflliail^ (X 11(111
iouth and south west," to distinguish
public and private wrongs, public and
private offences, public and private morils?
If so, then the able commentaries
)f Blaclcstone, and the wisdom of legisation.
both civil and ecclesiastical are
llike unmeaning?labor lost. There is
i difference wide as east and west, in jurisprudence,
between the legislative, the
udicial and executive departments of
government; and the same sensible dislinction
exist between public and private
iiui?ii5, uctwiAi ir/nj/r ranee ant* social orLer.
I have pointed out many widely
different evils affecting social order, as
ivell as temperance, in the traffic of liquor
This is the grand conspicuous distinction.
The law is cmphiitic;illy the
Tiiardian of public morals, as being indispensably
necessary to social order, without
which property and life itself would
not be worth possessing; could not be
possessed. The gospel on the other
liand reaches individual or private mo
rality, by changing the heart, and is
the. only sovereign remedy for maladies
of the mind, and the only remedy that
is permanent and abiding in all mural
reformations The third division, is
temperance societies, whose peculiar
office it is, to enlighten and direct
public opinion, addressing its?lf to
the understanding, the reason and the.
interest of men ; arguing that the flood
of drunkenness, c m alone be arrested
htr ct?n 1 innr 11 r? iho fnimt-iin nl ~^?
~ j |? ?-"v ivuuiuni \j IIIUUVIUIC
drinking; persuading men, that individual
happiness is founded on social
happiness, that the temperance enterprise
?s hut an effort to change the drinking
wages of the community to sober
usages ; that it is but a habil% and that habit
unnatural, not proceeding from the
natural evil propensities of the human
heart, as do others, but altogether contracted,
and popular by habit, and by
fashion alone. These motives are ad
{? 1 1 c I
uimo&uiu iiicu iui iiitiir if ui|)ur>ii wciiiire,
But more?in its distinct! ve characteristic
as the cause of humanity, it attaches itself
inseparably to the religious or devotional
principle, calling on the people
of God, to remove the stumbling block
out of the way of others. Where is a
greater stumbling block of temptation,
and offence, to be found, than example?
I answer in grogshops and still houses!!
But still more; wc arc commanded to
add it to our faith, and think of it a
amonc the things, that are honest, love
ly and of good report, all of which con
nect it with the great christian duty o
s"lf-'lenial. True it is not grace, hut a:
true, it is one of the graces or fruits o
the spirit.
H nee, this matter, addresses itself U
the favorable regard of the patriot citi
zen on the score of social order, to tin
philanthropist, on the ground of humani
ly. and to the < h/istian as one ol chris
tian duty and self-denial, and of course
"furthering other principles besidej
*' The duties of life (Mr. Editor.) ar<
more than life." Taking this libera!
and elevated view of this subject, ano
looking at it as founded on the princi
pies of eternal truth and righteousness
I have no fears or apprehensions of it:
final destiny, I care not what gales 01
storms beset its way; what vicisitude;
of alternate success or defeat await it:
course, or what miss steps its friend:
may take, if the reasoning of the Alios
tie on temperance, righteousness and v
judgement to come abide, so will l/ii
causc ! !
" Far more, the treacherous calm I dread.'
The Greenville resolutions are good
but the Aiken resolutions are far better
The former have accomplished abou
their ultimatum. I never had faith it
fViom fn i'tV? ai? lUrviw I- ?
wv ... lu.iuui tuuii Ultll WIUIILU Up|MlCU
tion to the third division o1 this subjec
already stated. Truth cannot be divi
ded, and which of the two, viz: the
Greenville or the Aiken resolutions
hold the true position, time will prove.
These are my'views of true tempe
ranee principles and of law..
Finally, I dissent from another posi
tion in connection with these, and bearing
on the subject, as I shall endeavoi
to show. The exposition of " Amc
Theos," of the divine law, that love tc
God is the only principle taugfit and
addressed to sinners in the bible to re
form them. The fear of the Lord is as
constantly addressed for a motive, ai
that of love ; either of these isolated, is
selfish. Justice and holiness are alilcf
sacred attributes with love and mercy,
It is a great mistake to suppose that thf
salvation of man was the highest and
only consideration in the scheme of redemption.
The glory of God and the
nrunDP'J rrnn/1 r* f* U?o ~ ?
are higher, and the vindication ofshi:
justice and holiness in the punishmcni
of sin lor the violation of His law, as
displayed on the Cross, prove it. In a
word, the sanction of eternal punish
merit upon sin, proves that the law i?
not destroyed, but established by thf
gospel, and this is the course of admini
stratiori in the divine government, viz:
" Behold therefore the goodness and se
verily of God !! " The same of human
government in its administration ; it is
not all " persuasion" nor democracy eith
er, bu?. mixed and representative, carry
ing with it certain punishment for trans
pressors, or it is worthless and unjust.
Now, " moral suasion" had no more to
do with the reformation of Luther, than
midnight has with noon. It is not or
thodox ; it is a dcfctrine as odious in theology
as it is unsound in morals. The
dispensation under which we live, is the
dispensation of the Spirit. It was noi
the work of Lutuer, nor ol ' moral suasion,"
nor of knowledge, nor of preach
ing, but wholly and entirely, the work
of the holy spirit ?lt is his to guide into;
all truth, to illuminate eff-ctually to call
and to reform In conclusion, let the
people of Abbeville consider well before
they pronotince on this question. Bui
Abbeville has spoken again and again
by action, on the license question; she
has no licensed grogshops ; her opinion
is in unison with Aiken ; neither ha:
she any treating candidates
Preconceived notions, and the pride
of opinion expressed are hard to alter
when once the demon of party spirit has
fastened its foul work in taking sides
Who has not experienced the strife, th<
heart burnings and disquietude it has
cast into village and country, by look
ing to men and not to measures; b^
asking, is W. politic, instead of doing whai
is just and proper. The Aiken resolu
tlAnQ aro untilla/l tn ? ??4
ivuv M?w vntivivu J^irai ICd|IUClf IIUII
great experience on the topics they ex
press. But if it has come to this, tha
the freedom of debate, the liberty o
speech, and the right of the people t<
petition are questioned or denied to tha
body or its members, becauso of iempe
i> ranee; if their lips are to bi: scaled up, J
that they cannot on all occasions speak .
out, and act out, as other citizens on all i
f questions aflvcuug the general welfare,
? what they wish, and what they think,
f without disguise, concealment or deceit,
why, better disband at once ! '
) We deny the /reI that we violated at
- Aiken, what was pledged at Greenville,
i or that one convention has tho right,
- or power, to pledge or bind ano
ther. And whenever truth is to be s:ii
crificed to policy, moral courage to pre3
judice, and faithfulness to deceit; then,
1 ....
anu noi mi men, will the Aiken rcso 5
lutions" be ''repealed" or abandoned.
I Her's is a "brilliant charge" let who
1 will desert her. Give them time and
trial, and see if they will come to na'uglit,
, this is all we nsk. But, Mr. Editor, is it
s not well to consider, whether the tenden
r of the times, is not to a sickh/, inn.c/irifi/,
5 and to radicalism, rather than to energy,
..-uuuuu guvtrnmrni ; to eons
suit natural, in preference to civil liberty. !
- and to throw off" all government anil
i discipline, as''forced restraint." Even
s in the church, there is a growing disposition
to look more to her yacc tha n her
' purif //, to self-indulgence. and to do *' whatever
is right in their own eyes." Talk
j of discipline, for the violation of her rules,
t and the reply is, 11 lake aire, you must not
j lorcc men, it will break up the church ! /"
. if. is unconstitutional! ! !
t Comment on the unreasonableness.
- and folly of this is unnecessary; this
one thing is certain ; peace cannot duell
n.Dii/J. //'jc/ir/Zfl* t t
j """ . .
* " The fbol hath said in his heart there
is no God that is, he wishes (in his
heart,) no God to call him to accout.
Is this the wish of any? No God! no
law ! ! no discipline ! ! ! D. L.
r Abbeville C H., Aug. 1846.'
, Eloquent Extract.?The follow|
ing eloquent extract is from a speech
delivered in the House of Representa5
tives, on the tariff question, by Mr
n - r * i 1
5 irayne 01 Aiaoama,
s " It was free trade and unrestricted
?. industry that roared the splendors of
Tyre upon a miserable isletit added
; to the glory ajid renown of Palmyra upI
on an arid desert; erected the mausoleums,
churches, and trembles of Venice
upon the shores of the Adriatic: and so
i crowded the marshes of Holland with
? wealth and population . that they
t bu it their cities upon piles and encroa!
ched upon the dominion of thejsea. But
upon the other hand, it was the resiric
lions upon trade and commerce which
; reduced Spain from her once powerful,
! to her present imbecile condition. It
retains Mexico in a stale of semi barba
rism, and locks up from themselves, and
from Christendom, the now boundless
i resources ol the Chinese empire.
5 ???
Almost a Battle.?The New Or
leans Delta furnishes the following account
obtained from Capt. Desha, of a
scene at the Barracks in that city. The
i Alabama Captain and his command
wore evidently unwilling to sleep
abroad again:
u Capt. Dtsha, on his arrival at the
1 Birracks, demanded quarters for his
! company, which were refused by the of;
ficer in command in no very courteous
tern s. Capt. D. told the subaltern 'lint he
was his superior in command, and il not I
permitted to enter, he woulJ take forci- '
1 ble possession and plnce him under arrest?on
which the officer shut and se*
! cured the gates. Capt. D., having ordered
his mm to Jo;id and fix bayonets,
^ drew his men up in line of battle, on the
1 road a few naces from the irate?invimr
r .. . o o n
5 the subaltern distinctly to understand,
1 that ns he could not get in the garrison,
5 they should not get out?he should in
fact starve him to a surrender The offis
cer in the inside drew up his men in linn
, of battle, and thus the contending hosts
i remained at bay, until a surgeon of the
United States Army, who was present,
i persuaded Capt Desha to retire, as.sui
ring him thai the United States Quarter
master, Col. Hunt, who had been inr
formed of his position, would have the
t matter arranged shortly to his .satisfac
tion. That officer immediately sent
l Capt. Berger, of the Quartermaster's
- department, with a staemboat, and had
t Capt. Desha and his command removed
f to comfortable quarters.
11 Good nature is more to be prized than
I the greatest beauty or the keenest wit.
WILL be conspicuously inserted at To
corns per square for ttic* first insertion,
unci cents Cor each continuance?
longer ones charged in proportion. Those
not having the desired number of insertions
marked upon them will be continued
until ordered out, and charged uccording
i<or advertising JWstrays Tolled, TWO
DOLLARS, to bo paid by tin? Magietrnte.
For announcing a Candidate, TWO
DOLLARS, in advance.
0^7" All letters or communication* must
bo directed to th?? Lditor, postage paid.
E-'iif.i.ino and Patriotic.?The llev.
Joseph liurke, the founder and pastor of
the Church of St. Columbia, in New
^ oi k, in resigning his pastoral charge,
previous to his return to Ireland, has
itls.t tfl'illMtl > ...11 I --
j--- "... .. .-m-wcii teiicr 10 his congregation,
in which he feelingly and
patriotically says:?
' To the scenes of early life do I now
repair?io my own, my ever loved persecuted
Erin. Once morel hope to see,
her smiling through her sorrows, ancf
whilst my short stay in the United
States has taught me the value of dear
bought liberty, I trust it will strengthen
me to struggle for the long-sought independence
of the land of iny fathers. I
will t? 11 my countrymen the story of the
i,. -1..
uu\a mai iiuiVj una i nope ever
will, dawn upon this glorious republic.
1 will speak to them of the prudent valor
of a Washington, of the profound
judgment of a Franklin, the learned
and untainted political science of a Jefferson,
whilst I strive to show them that
the examples of such men as the. truly
Hiberno Americans?Montgomery,Jackson,
McDon'ough, and Barry?should
inspire them to do for Ireland, their fartherland,
what these heroes did lor the
l..rwl nr.K?:. ?*??~ ? *
ji.uw ui niuii anus uuupnun. Anu wnen
I sit beside the hearth of the pour though
hospitable peasant, and tell him this, in
the strong-, nervous sententiousness of
his vernaeular tongue, I fancy as I write
how his generous heart will beat within
him, whilst he heaves the long and heavy
sigh that at the sight of his country's
wrongs, beats melancholy response to
the natural enthusiasm, which the mere
recital of the tale of Freedom necessarily
called forth."
IV T n?_ _
were yesterday shown one of the medals
to be presented to ihe ^rave non-commissioned
officers who*so nobly distinguished
themselves in the battle of the
8th and 9th. They are made of solid
gold, about the size and somewhat over?
the thickncss of a doubloon. On the inverse
side is seen the coat of arms of
America, surrounded by twenty-nine
stars, representing the different States,
Texas included. At the foot of the eagle
is inscribed?" Palo Alio and Resacp,
dela Pa/ma." On the reverse is enOrrnUPrl
^ Prncnntn/1 ?a
VM m. iv/ovuitu i \J> ^
zens of New Orleans, for gallant services
in the battles of the 8th and 9th ol
May, 1946,"?the whole surrounded by
a handsome wreath. These medals are
pronounced by competent judges to be
the most beautiful ever made in New
Orleans, and much credit is due Messrs
Hyde & Goodrich, under whose superintendence
they wore manufactured, for
the splendid manner in which they are
WAW14V? u* i uty will uu lUi WillUUU IU
the seat o( war ai the caliest opportunity.
/V. O. Delta.
Singular Malfoujiation?.1 Heart
Outside the Ckcsl.?The Baltimore Sun
contains the followimr account of the.
birth of a living cliilii, with its heart
outside the chest. Tiui ho:irt is ontirrhr
outside the body; and destitute of any
pericardium; thus even without this
natural protection it is protruded from
the external surface of the chest, which
at that point bears a mark resembling a
circatrice, as if the flesh had been opened,
the heart pulled out and the wound
suffered to grow up again. Each pulsation,
of course, can be distincly obserirn
A ari/l ilia ti'Urvl a r% I ^
wuf ii iiu iiiu ?? iiuic uaiuiiu ui'liUIl Ui
this delicate organ is made visible to
the immediate investigation of the eye.
This remarkable phenomenon in the
history of human nature is an absolute
and indisputable fact, however unlikely
it is to meet with credibility on the part
of the public.
We learn from Giilifrnani. that iht*
suit issued by Count Leon, the natural
son of Napoleon, ngainst the Countess
of Luxembourg, has been decided by
the Court Royale. which declared that
thf? HpfpnHnrit rone ilia mntkon ?c #U/?
?? -? ?? mv uiuuiCi VI 1119
plaintiff, and adjudged her to mnke him
o provision of 4,000f. pnvl*nte lite, reserving
the question of 6,000f. per annum
demanded by the Court.
The Emperor of China is said to bfc
the oldest monarch in the world. Mehemet
Ali, King of Egypt, is next to
him ; Ernest Augustus, king of Hanover,
born June 5, 1771, is the third in
age, and Louis Phillipe, born Oct, 5>
iff of me iuuiui.

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