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The banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1844-1847, September 02, 1846, Image 1

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'cET^Ts\)^r annum, if paid wit hhi ilirov ^ ^ ^ ~ ^ -^?9 not hav UiV ^'-s^"re11"' ?"i"ii)i?l?r;r of inscrtuoiitIi:j
from tlio time of subscrihinir. or _ _ lions market! upon tliem, wi!i be continued
TWO DOLLARS after that linn*. No ' """"" " * M ~ ordered out, and charged accordingsubscription
received lor less than six , i* ! , r a- . '>'* . . .
months; and no paper discontinued until ' j or advertising hstrays lolled, 1 WO
all nrrcurutrcH uru paid, excepc at llio op* | I)OLI,Alift, to be paid by the Magistrate.
lion of the editor. Subscriptions will hi' j 'announcing si (candidate, 1 \Y O
rrir,Sevoimlir" Vol. III. Abbeville O. H., 8. O. Sept. 2, 134?. m
Masonic ^Lcidress
i)rlH't'i'i l before (7./A '/ OA l.()l)(l /J A o. o, on 21/// Junr. I8-1G,
B Y .M A J . .M A T. J. WILLI A M S.
I HKiu-: are. perhaps. tew subjects, which require more prudemv
and circumspection. tor theii proper public discussion. than
Speculative Masonry, lis antiquity. nature ami design. have been
unsparingly assailed, by every species ol weapon whieh ingenuity
could invent or malignity point?while the aetit>n> and words of
Masons have been subjected to the most ri^id scrutiny?the severest
criticism. 1 i>*. then, who may be ealled upon to deliver, publicly,
a Masonic address, should emphatically be "wise as a serDent?harmless
as a dove." It w.-is u eli n ln.e
lore, that 1 accepted this unmerited honor; and without the least
affectation of mode.*! v. I assure you, iny 1?i -11 t> and lellmv eiti/i :is.
that I am treat!, oppre>>ed with the ?1 i 1 fi? 111ie = :ii><I embarrassments
ol my position, and a deep sense of my unlitness lur .so responsible
a dutv
M l... / < >..'I..r .i;,... ..r < ! . : ? ' m-- 1 1
, ... IMUVMI ^'1 ?.-}M . MUIUVI . Ul JL I ? tl .*!?!?< >11 I \ . Ill II \' ?." HI"
vided into two ycii'-ral leads: That ot which it has alwavs Ii??i-n
lawful to write and speak ; and itii mysteries?it? mysticsiyns and
tynd'ols. '!"!? first is int?-n hd for the h'-mfit ?_?i tin* world?tlxinter*
>ts i:l humanity: tin- second is designed exclusively for the
$?reat fatnilv of .Masons.
The nliiihteii' d adV'.t-Mto ot" Masonry, do not c<?nt? n.l tlc.it. it is
a religious insiitu ion. It claims no iliviuc power to elevate man
from his fallen condition?to wipe from his soul tin; pollutions of
?uilt. it seeks no rivalry with the peculiar prerogatives of the
christian rcliyiou. It asks only to he regarded in its true lit*lit, as
a benevolent institution, S"< Um-j ,J>' liuinun means and human instrumentalities.
10 render rational man wiser and better?to pros
upon him, by t i?i almost resi>iless force of afliliated association, his
social, moral, civil, and religious duties. In the words of (?en<*ral
W.\sh!\ot??v?who.v pre-eminent patriotism and spotless purity of
life cast such a fadeless lustre upon his immortal name?"it is a
society who>e liberal principles an; founded ujon the immutable
laws oi truth and justice." Masonry, my friends, is not religion,
and vet il sum'-thiny less, it inculcates, as essential and lundament:il
nrinciiiles. sonic o! the rnosl hc:ii:li!nl ;nnl lm-i-li- .-.I'
j- i- ; - - ? - V J"' v* I"'- v'
Christianity. It can nut redeem, regenerate. ami disenthrall iVoin
sin ; bin it /tun soothed the bitterness ul grief?* plucked from the
memory a rooted sorrow1'?stilled the fierceness and turbulence of
human passion?wiped the orphan's tear?and presented a hand
generous and open as day to melting charity. Tin* christian learns
his duty and path to Heaven liom the "great li^ht" of truth?the
Bible. The teachings of .Masonry hind that duly upon the heart,
and press, with unfailing and habitual earnestness, those essential
and unchanging principles anil virtues which give elevation and
dignity to man's character, ami wipe from his nature some of the
foulest blots which degrade humanity. The Gospel of Peace has
shed its benignant influences upon the world Ibr more than eighteen
centuries, and yet. it is an undeniable fact, that " man's inhumanity
to man" still " makes countless millions mourn." The
advancement of civilization, the progress of the Arts and Sciences.
however gratifying to human pride and the hopes of the
philanthropist, have still much to accomplish before savage ferocity,
the rudeness of barbarism and the pall of ignorance shall
cease to throw their dark shadows upon the face of society.
The genius and spirit ol our free instiiutii.ns?the awakening
reason of man, thiowin^ oil' the letters which would circnmscribc
its action and bind it to cvcrlustinir rotation in the same cir
cle?have ione far tu demonstrate man's natural <<pialitv;?ami
yet the tendency to social and civil distinctions?to the ovation o!
favored and privileged classes, and the formation of unyii Idin^ly
exclusive circles of society, is every where- apparent even in this
country, whose independence was asserted with the preliminary
declaration, rjs a self-evident truth, that all men are horn free and
?l?ov?? / >?? Kf-k f.Minfl ???? .1. . i?
wpui. ti. vii* i i ^ iiu.iv I.XIJ V *. IWUIIU tin ill.^UliiU'MI \ Uliri .iur.: Mil US
antiquity, which, like Mount Alias, resting upon its broad, drop
foundations, lifts its lolly head in calm grandeur and simplicity
amid storm and tempest?an institution which teaches, as fundamental
principles, ro\erence to <.?od and luve to man?an institution
in which all ranks meet upon a "level." Such an institution must
commend itself t*> the respect and affections?aye. and the admiration
loo, of every {rood an I virtuous citizen, capable of riuhtlv au
preeiatinpr the elevated in sentiment, the I>0:1 titifuI ;;n=I excellent in
virtue. We believe that our Society of Ancient Five ami Accepted
Alasons is such an institution. The entrance into this ancient and
beautiful temple, extending in its jjraml finished and harmonious
proportions from the Kast to the West, and from "lii^h meridian
South" totlio North, is open to every man of sound mind, free born
and of good report.
rIMi<. 1 ... r .. i: i . .1 1 rr
1 1IU |iin\<ia uaru IIIU iiillliuiuil Ul il Wl lilt' (1111? TO 111
degrees of Masonry?the solemn and afiectinjr passages of Scripture
read, and the impressive charges ?:m*? on such occasions?the
beautiful arid striking mottoes you have this <!:?y seen float upon
our banners?the unfeiirned veneration and respect we pay the sacred
oracles of truth?the very description of our working tools as
applied to speculative Masonry?all laid down, without disguise or
mystery, in our standard and authorized works?confirm, if they
do not conclusively demonstrate, that the spirit anil tendency ol
Masonry, are such as L have asserted them to be. I..et tlrs spirit
arid tendency, he honestly and impartially examined in tin* liyht ol
truth?let the institution he judged hy its fruits?its fair and legitimate
influences upon man's moral and social condition, wherever
and whenever allowed fairly to operate. Let its avowed object and
design be subjected to the closest scrutiny,?let the whole moral fabric
be measured by the square, and the eternal and immutable
principles of justice and truth, will award to it, that tribute of praise,
which nothing but inveterate prejudice, willul ignorance, or deter
mined hostility, could withhold. It is admitted, that iri its origin.
Masonry was an association of operative mechanics. Such a body
of men, united for mutual aid and protection?solicitous to guani
their rights and privileges,- to advance their interests and clevatf
their calling, would in any ago of the world command respect. A
mere fool whom charm or accident has thrown into the world abov?
hip proper level, may estimate human excellenceor human pretention
by the cut of a coat, or the softness of a hand. Such a sptig of aristo
! or;toy iii:iv shrink from tin- personal contact of a man t<? \vli
1 is indebted pt-rhaps lor his onlvclami to re>pee.Jabilitv? 111?* pa!t< rn
I ol his dri-ss?thi' bpli-ii l'>r i>i Ins mansion, or 11 j? exquisite lini-di of
; his boot or his j;love?-may curl his lip, litt Ijis brow and twist his
| imprria/, if perchance an hon< st meehanic " rone between tin;
! wind and liis nobility."' It is nut thus with ivul elevatlon <1 mind
i and character. A trnlv wise man knows how to :i| ?r? ?*i;sl? me
I rhanifal >kill and industry I! justly regards the individual w:i >
: impresses bis genius upon wood, ston . hra.-s, iron, or :my oth?r mat
ri;11, and diffuses it through tin- ramifications oi ty. eoniriletititiL;
essentially to i'.s amelioration as one ol na'un's nobi<men. i
! (J.-nins in whatever exhibited. ;ind however dir< ' d. will be iveo<_;:
nized by kindred spirits. .Men of lei: lire and taient thu> inibi< nct ii I
j have sought admission into these earlv Irati rnitii s "I .\lasou>.
Th.-v were received at lirst as honorary members. .Soeh men
; Would dolllillfSN lii'inir u'il!i 111..m i.im.1.' ?< ..! I /! I I 1 - ' -
- . - . .. ^ ...... v .. in 11 j 11111 o \? ? II ui.^v i j; i 1111 * \ I I? \ M iiUliJMil' |
training ? wrli stored with tIk* results ol scicntiiic rcM-aieh?lei '
I sure and ability to | in trat<* succe.^sluily !< jr theon tut >pecu!alions.
! aided !>y the liyhtol practical ol?ervatiou and \p< ii< i.e.-an 1 active j
. operative skill. hi this way1 he Masonic II.ill was converted into a
temple ol the muses?a calm and sale retreat from ilie in ive and :
j turbulent passions of the world?win re charity in its wide and com!
pr?*hensive sweep cat) encircle ail the shade* of character ?all the j
i grades of intellect?where the purest and nohli-l sentiments ol the .
: soul, reverence to t.?od. |.>vr; to man. a relish for science. a relined K
I iaste !??v the arts, and admiration lor the. ever varying heauties ol |
j the vi.-ihle creation are cherished and cultivated as primary and es- ;
j senlial duties ol the initiated.
j I am no levelcr. Society will divide it?c!f into classes airan_r> d j
! hv Hu ll' habits an?t tastes. Kvrrv attempt to root out this tendency j
! hy legirdation is as unwise and iueflVetual as arbitrary anil oppres- j
j sive. *i*h?? liort be to restrain this ten lency to j-.r?jp?*r liini-.s. ;
! It is therefore a great desideratum in a well regulated community to !
j lind some common platform whero forgetting all dili- renees ol re. |
i ligious ereeils?ail distinctions ol party politics?all the lines which j
j mark and bound tiu various subdivisions ol society?man may
I meet his lcllow man on a perfect " level''?may come into close peri
sonal contact with him?study the cast of his mind, the habitual
channel of his thoughts, the promiurnt points of dissimilarity, ami |
those strong, hold, well-defined outlines in which human nature j
I.*very where agrees. The .Masonic institution supplies that desideratum.
Ii-.it if such he the tendency and healthful influences <i Masonry,
why veil so much of its proceedings in mystery ? Where the necessity,
whaf the propriety of hiding from puhlic scrutiny?the
i>a/.eol the world, that which is essentially ?o<"?d t Virtue studies
! no disguise. seeks no concealment, hut shows its hroud bright honest
face to the I i _? l?t of day. erect ami stead last in conscious puritv. It
I bi-IoiiLTs to vice to lurlc in secret places?to shrink from the calm
| peni'trnling sjaze of honesty and to crawl and sneak through life
; I,owed and bent witii the weight ot its jjuiit ami inlamy. When
| sentiments like these are uttered with the proud mien and lofty bearing
of nmiuestiuned integrity?in scorn and derision of the claims
of Masonry?sentiments tou universally approved and admired?
what is our reply ? Do we retreat in silence? llave we no defence
for our time-honored usages? Do we admit the truth of any
or all such imputations, assuming shapes more varying than Proteus,
"Thick as the autumnal leaves that etrew the brooks"
i\-..n i >>?
| J 11 i uiiumiMusu?
On all prope r occasions our answer is ready. It is true, honesty
I'mrs no investigation. lie who carries in his bosom a clean heart
is armed against the world. Detraction, may assail him?slander
j may breathe its foul and blighting breath upon bis name?"The
j slow and moving finger of scorn may point, at him"?dark shadows
i may rest upon his lame?yet, amidst it all. there is a self-sustaining
j power io conscious innocence which lifts him above the turbid an ! '
, pointed waters of >hin<h r and vituperation, and opens into his lie -i t 1
till' ni>rp.n ?i ill I Slfivi IIIC fil ciinvnlriliiui nn.l # !-.. I > I. tl.I
j j- . W..W.W..V v-/t*s.v?Ati.?wii HUM p i.i-tiuc.:, i vCj ui? ^ruir
: n."lit is us true us beautiful, and as beautiful as true, an horn et
i man fears no scrutiny. The lieart which lies naked and pure to the
S omniscient eye of its Maker, need not fear the gaze of man. But
I is it therefore inevitably inferred that honesty has no secrets? Is it
' necessary for the vindication of innocence, that every secret of the
' heart should be disclosed?all the holy and hidden chambers of the|
soul should be thrown open to vulgar and idle curiosity? Is that man
; less elevated who jealously guards the door of his bosom, and refu- !
! ses to lling broad-cast upon the world his secrets and his confidence? j
No?no! A fool con lis the unenviable notoriety of making the
public. 11is confident, and in the forcible and emphatic language of
! inspiration t; his mouth is his destruction, ami his lips are the snare |
| of liis soul." In the organization of enlightened and civil!/.-J soci- j
' ety. man's relation to his fe.low man, is more and more complex in j
proportion to the importance and influence of his position. Of the j
various duties springing from the relations of life, some arc nee.es- 1
sarily public, and therefore the proper subject of public iuvestiga-'
lion?others are essentially private. " I ?et thy light so shine before {
men that thev inav see your trood works." is a divine nrecent. :
s* Hul \v!i< n tliou doest thine alms let not thy left hand know what j
tliy rijflit hand doeth," is an obligation imposed by the same hi^li j
antliorily. Who does not perceive tlu: legitimate deduction from
those remarks? There mux/, there ought to be, public duties ami
public opinions?there must, there ought to be, private duties and pri- j
vale conlidences. Do you point to the man elevated by his virtues :
and b\* his position ? That man's bosom is the faithful repository ol :
more than one secret. There is not a respectable family in all the \
land which does not bar from the impertinent jjaze of the idle and
i curious, the. incidents, the though 15, the plans, the cliaritio.s, the mys-1
tic signs which constitute the sanctity, and give charm to social and ;
i domestic life. The great family of Free and Accepted Masons, that
I ancient brotherhood permeating all the ramifications of society, and
yet united by the cement of love and friendship, into a beautiful
' and harmonious whole, have likewise their mysteries?their infallible
tokens of recognition. Taught in this mystic language, ecjual,
ly understood by the rude Cossac of the Don and the finished cour'
tier of St. James, or St. Cloud, or Washington City?the instructed
i Mason (lies with uncalculating devotion to the relief of a distressed
i: brother. lie hears the family call, and is restrained by no selfish
l considerations?he sees the family sign, and immediately unlocks
> tllf? KinnnolUJno -f 1.1. 1 A ? ?,l 1 " I - -1 -
- |/utuito ui ins suui. s\. wormy uroiner is ciosciy ciaspou
i ; in the fraternal embrace?his wants supplied, and his wounded
- ; spirit soothed by the healing influences of brotherly kindness. An
maxiimi u> 111" junior, |in.si:i?0 paitl.
:?Im??>t i:iIi11it<* numl.M-r ?-f \v? II :iti:lic-uti?*:: <I fa<*ls and incidents illu-traV
tin- tnitli o| l!;<remarks. Tlii-:-o J-i^ii>". tokens and mysf'Tii
j? arc tli" vi1: 1 jiri11?-i|?I id .Masonrv. 'i'ln y have imparted to
;t that livin-r em-ruy which has l il i:!!??u?*li the lapse of uges,
uudiuiun-d in it^ ;rlory, umdioru of it .-{reui'th.
I * if it is ohji'ci. il I lint \! : C 'lilniiiiiif ?::s- d iinini.^li the stroams
i.l I i! I it y which ?n I ! !?- dinned to other objects. 1 1 o wlio asH-rt.s
and Iii'lievi s ?]sij.?o? ?.-it <?i:, has studit d human nature to hut
I'11 > ].?irpi > ,\:i?.*. n. I." has ni v> r opi-ii: <1 tin.' book. and is
\v;?i 111 itj h:s ; 'H"r. < !* an i j < i well understood law of
111:111'.- n,it n: ;:-- -that rv 1 1. :v.l >< ut: 11 s* 1?1 i -? ,\}?and. ?l and strcngtll
n?d Ity ? .. "i",..- ili.j. v/i..u t'i :.rou.s by indulgence.
I in;-, charily mav b<- :in at 1.? :!t? . hut will n->t .-lay there. Me who
>!>( iii's 11 !< - 111:-::j- ? ( !i:aitiiiv' hi< librriliti. s. will ><>nn find the exciisi
< |.?r ?!i?i>?"- '!'!;< i 1 >: 11 wlifi Ljiv s ! ? but ('in* object, will soon
abandon that and revolve v. 1 in ;!. ,-ane narrow circle himsclt
she cm; re. < Mi this sib} < !. i-. ' i ? in a i.-roud and honest ox
\v!ui;!i :in 11;;-i ni i! ! !. 1 v.'jirralits. 1 elialleil?f?J
l!i.* \vo||,| t<> sii-iw :: > <::;i?t r liis l'i bilion to SOci 'y
-i!.) 111:11? r \vii:?t t??? . r:?sj? *?:" 1 iis miini- -who, by bis initiation
into ,\!:??'>!ii v. I.Mji iiuiitcd t'i<- < ! ;? < v oil:*u:n-;cril?c*?.l the range ot
bi> iictivi ii'-m volcn'M'.
I ?,, :, : ..: i i -
i mi it i.t .-.H i mm :s i11 1 .i i.<m uiir ir;it?Ttiiti*and
this is assumed as an ?!.j? !: to i;- iipt::! character. I will not
say that vny ol" tJi ohj <*ii?-ns ! > .Ma-onrv m:;\* ii"t sctui to he ircll
liii-inlr i ;iii'i forcible: hut a.-.-mvdlv this is not ouo of them. It is
(iil!:cMilt in rrj-ritin- u>j>tt,i in. that it is made merely to array
auain.st us the p? ?? nt iuilueuco of woman. Is she found in our Ic
_!i.viawvi: it:>11s Is .vise tii' l in i:r u * ' Why not ! Is it because,
upon >11c 11 lisc.itn :s >!i<: wmjl.l .-ti p from 1 < r appropriate
spln rc Why may not Ai;i.-nus nr?Ue the sa:?;; svply with etjual
truth. The |.oi><>!i \l j>r?-st-i?? of \vt>m:tn, i or Mi!ii<*i< tit reasons, is
nnt permitted i>i our Lodges; hut her claims are always there. She
is lin-re in her resistless power an 1 influence upon man. Her
rights. privileges, ami proper position, are neither forgotten nor neglected.
JO very initiated brother will understand me when L assert
wiin deliberate emphasis, that the family of a Master Mason, anil
especially lii.s wile and daughter, arc sheltered an 1 defended by an
overshadowing power which. although secret and invisible in its influence,
could not. be otherwise, exerted
1 brethren of the Clinton Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons:
I pon us devolves a high, a responsible duty, 'i'o us and to our
brethren is committed the sacred charge of guarding and defending
the character ot ?,Iasonry. .Not bv fierce and clamorous controversy
?not by severe and bitter recriminations?but by an upright walk and
conversation. Wo may pointtothe venerated names ol Washington,
L-'kankux, and Jkitkii.sox?to the immortal nameso( the revolution
?tv cvitii; ui UK.- ni iyiucsi names which nave since illustrated tlie genius
and spirit ol our institution?, and proudly say,of such is masonry.
Hut the glory of our ancient Temple should not rest upon individual
names. Let every Mason he a perfect ashler in our grand building.
I ,ct ii be our sedulous duty to contiol and circumscribe our passions
by the compass of temperance and moderation?to apply with
scrupulous care the IMumb of moral rectitude to our conduct?to
deal with all mankind, but especially with the brethren upon the
Srpiare of truth?so shall the world exclaim, " Heboid how good
and pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity." So mote
it be.
]Ji:\v.\iiK or tiii: T iAsso.?The Mat a- Wayward Fortune.?
moms <?f the 3rd iust. says?11 Two It* one of the mirkots in
volunteers, belong inu to the Tennessee 'Js ^1C ^s'*
' 7 - bun. may be seen a miui?
gmieut, wo believe, who had ojl.uned tHo-nged woman, wliose
j.crmi-.iiort to visit this city, wove on history i; lull of interest.
their way up from Iktrila, and when Siio :s a younger daugh
within live miles of the city were over- *c'r a Lngli&han,
, - , . stoorat, wliose estate is
tii.vcli by a coapli; ol Mexicans on horse v.tl,|cd'ot *, >-,.,,00 per anback,
who, under the pretence of asking ml!n g]l0 wa,. brought
them some questions, made a survey of up in luxury, fell in Jove
their persons to see if they carried any with and mau\e.l her fa
pistols, perceiving none, they rode a tiler's grooms man, was
short distance in advance, arranged turned out of house and
their hisus, wheeled short round and home. and obliged to fly
came rushing on the two unsuspectinir from her country to avoid
volunteers, designing to rope them round her father's vengeance.
the neclf, and strangle as they < I ragged She passed through many
them into the chaparrcl close by. The trials which rend the heart
neck of both were caught by the ropes, in her career, from wealth
but belbro the noose could be drawn they to poverty. S/ir is now sclextricated
their heads and made for the li/iy j'ruil in a Netv } or/c
chaparrcl, worse frightened than was market. Kor obvious rea
i? ? i . - -i 1 1
? vii hi km Kim w in *ii c.iugiu ill a similar sons, wo uo 1101 go inio uemanner.
The Mexicans did not make tail. A strange commena
second attempt but made their way off tnry in English customs,
as fast as possible. The voluntatis re- Verily "truth is stranger
mained bill during the night, and came than fiction."
into the city next morning. When they
meet a .Mexican on the road again, say Taking him at ins word.
they, he will be requested to keep his ?A young Methodist condistance
or abide the consequence. A vert in the country, revery
prudent resolve. The greater the ccntly got up in a prayer
distance between an American and meeting, and was making
Mexican the more safety." * a confession somewhat ai
ter lliis sort, viz:?:i I have
Ahsuuditihs.?To make your been very wicked, indeed
j servants tell lies for you, and at'- ^ have; I have cheated
| l or wards be angry because they many persons, very many,
! tell thorn lor themselves* hut I will restore fbur-fold
I Tnir.ll vMnpmvii?.i.../.i? Ko. ?when he was interrupt
j ? ? C(] by an old lady thus
hove otners will keep them. u lVej^ / s/l0Uld think beTo
laney a thing cheap because jorey0u confess much more,
a low price is asked for it, you had better marry NanTo
say a man is charitable be- Cy Slebbins, as you agreed
cause he subscribes to a hospital, to!"
To vote lor a candidate at an
election, because he shakes hands Attend to your
| with your wife and child and ad- ov)"" business, and you
I mires the baby. mil be contented.

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