;t I.IRKKTY AM) MY NATIVE SOU. "
<;ilAlt jtiS 11. AL jL:N, HjUitor. \
Alilin iilr II.. S. r.:
WKDNKSDAV, SEPT. 1810.1
'/'//<; Cotton Crop.?Tin; paper* are;?I - >
most tilled with accountsofthe ravages ol !
the Caterpillar ami hole worm throughout
the country, and if those account j
bo true. the cotton crop must nc- j
ccssarily be short this season. The |
accounts particularly from the West are
disheartening. From a letter dated
Ilichlantl. lldhnes County. Mississippi. i
c,..,. >.! .. r?: \ r...-. i !
on, wniLii ?i 11 itim Jitia u'/uii Jvuiu
enough to allow us the perusal of. we
learn that in that county the brightest
prospects are blasted. The writer states
that one of his neighbors, who has 105
acres in cotton, will not make 30 bales;
another is offering his crop of 140 acres,
for 30 bales; and a third who has 100
acres planted, will take 20 bales for the
whole. In Louisiana. Alabama and
some parts of Licorgia, the prospects are
equally gloomy, nor have the crops in
our own State escaped the ravages of
the destroyers, but in nearly all the cotton
o-rmvin'r ri'<nniK Imvn n\-nlr.
o-~ o "O J
their appearance in greater or less numbers.
Mexico.?It appears by the latest advices
from Mexico, that a new Ministry
has been formed ; Al.mo.\tk Secretary
of War, and Uejon of Foreign Affairs.
Santa Anna is still at his country seat
near Jalapa indisposed, but will start for
the capital as soon as his health will permit.
Thorn Rooms to l>r? littln nr nr? ni-n.
paration going 011 to prosccute the war.
It is said that a brigade was formed and
equipped complete to march against
Gen. Taylor, but the commander cannot
be prevailed upon to leave the capital.
The squadrons are blockading
Vera Cruz and Alvarado, literally doi
111T nothing. "If vnil <rn tnn milnc "
o o- ? j? "? """ "J
says a letter writer," to the North of Vera
Cruz, they send you bullocks, and the
country women desire to come on board
to look at the ship. Eight miles South,
they actually come in their boats and
send invitations off for a fandango.
From these demonstrations we should
conclude that but iittle will bo left for
our army now to do in Mexico, and that
Mexican valor had expired upon the
battle fields of Palo Alto and Rcsaca
de la Pahna.
The Mormons,?These misguided
and deluded people still continue to excite
the hatred and anger of their neighbors.
The latest accounts from them
informs us, great excitcment prevailed
in Hancock County, and ;i body of men
consisting of some twelve hundred in
number, an armed posse with five sixpound
cannon, and one twenty-four
pounder, and on their inarch to Nauvoo.
The officers, it is said, have one bun
<lrcd writs on so many Mormons, and
they were determined to serve them, if it
was necessary to enter the town forcibly
to do it. Some five or six hundred
Mormons it is said arc also under arms.
They have fortified the Temple ; have
several pieces of cannon and are
resolved upon resistance.
The New York Herald says:?
The amount of monev in Wnll
j * * WVIVV/V
seeking employment is daily increasing,
and at this rate the money market must,
in a few weeks, be much easier lhan it
has been at any time during the past
two years The banks are discounting
every piece of first rate paper offered,
and loans on stock collateral are freely
made at 5 and G per cent. In the midst
of this abundance, there is no upward
movement in the stock market, and there
appears to be no particular demand for
money from the commercial classes, j
Unless something soon turns up to give \
employment to the idle capital, it must '
go about the stiin.-t begging lor custo- i
>Xj.-' I >uedield, an insulated village j
between Portsmouth and Concord has j
experienced during the last twelve
years occasional reports or explosions in
the ground, apparently of a volcanic or
gaseous nature. 11 itliiti a week there
have been .'JO, so severe as to tluow
tlowu stone walls, jar the buildings, ami
alarm t!i?- people.
Tin: Cotton Chop.?The St. Landry
Whig, of the 11th inst., says it continues
to receive the most disheartening
counts from the eontry in relation to
utou crop. We copy the following
i. le \\ hiur :
back warduess of the season has
j..u?Je the crops a month later than usual, I
i .i i .i o i ;
>11111 III*.: .ijJjlU.II ililCL" Ol Hie Ciliei pilUM IJL-;
fore the bulls had fairly begun to open,
has destroyed every hope of being able 1
to make seed. Many large plantations j
will not realize enough froin the nett
proceeds of their crops to pay their over- '
seers. W e met a lew days since a gen- j
tleman who has twelve hundred acres !
in cotton on Rayon 12<uuff, who assures j
us that he will not make oil" the twelve i
hundred acres more than ten bales.
The following is from the lied River
Republican, published at Alexandria,
of the 5th instant:
As we expected, the caterpillars have
done the business lor the crop in this
parish. Some of our oldest and most
r.v.,nrw.?,..wl ~ I
jULllllUlC. UlUil (I J.'UlSUIltll
examination, have expressed their opinion
that a fourth of a crop will not be
made in this parish. There were, according
to their calculation upwards of
40,00l> bales raised in the parish last
season, and this year, according to their
estimate, there will not be 10,000 bales
The Western Democrat, of the 0th
instant, confirms the above, and gives as
bad a picture of the crops on the Ouachita.
The Natchitoches Chronicle of the
5th inst.,says the crop of tlmt parish has
been almost wholly destroyed.
The Caddo Gazette of the 28th ult.
says the destruction had not then been
general in that parish, but in some casesentire
destruction had taken place.
N. O. Picayune, 13th inst.
From the Sumter Pilot.
THE COTTON WORM.
These destructive little vermin are
makingsad havoc throughout the length,
and breadth, and depth of all cotton
fields in this section of the country.
They come in myriads, as though by
magic, so sudden and universal is their
simultaneous appearance. A cloudy,
damp state of atmosphere, accompanied
by a rapid and sappy growth of the cot
ton plant, seems to favor the procreation
of these ail-moutheil little gluttons.
They are deposited by a butter-fly, in
the twilight of evening, on the tender
bud at the end of a branch of the cotton
plant. By mornincr the e^irs are hatch
ed, and immediately the work of destruction
commences. They are then not
larger than a common sewing needle.
They start down the branch of the planl,
perforate the first square or form, which,
in a few hours, spread wide open.
Their growth is very rapid and according
to their age and size, so they attack
the bolls of different ages and sizes. One
worm will destroy about twenty squares
and bolls if they are convenient to the
worm's access. If the weather#irns off
very hot and dry, they leaver the cotton
and go into the ground, like tfffe colewort
worm, and come out and cat in
the night and return again when the
sun shines hotly. They cannot survive
hot and dry weather. In the space of
two weeks they can destroy one third
or more of the most promising crops of
of cotton. And the richer the land and
the more luxuriant the crop, the more
complete is the destruction they produce.
And I have never heard of any remedy
for the prevention of this Egyption
plague. The destruction of the vermin,
after they are engcred, seems to be the
only feasible manner of getting rid of it.
To do tins, I have given to each of my
field hands a bottle, which they suspend
around the neck with a string. The
bottle is filled one third full of water.
Each hand then take3 his row, as at
other work, and examines each stalk?
finds the worm at his destructive meal
?gathers it and drops it in the bottle,
and the worm soon drowns. For the
first few hours, it seems to be a slow bu
o.nuoa, uui uiey soon oecome as expert j
as turkeys, and will gather from five to
fifteen hundred worms a day. At night I
each one brings up his bottle?we I
strike a wring, all the worms are coun-1
ted out, so that the day's work of each
one may be judged of. This day with
>."> hands, we have caught, counted, kil
led, and offered up on the shrine of
wondering poultry, over twelve thousand
cotton worms, and tomorrow we
expect to double this amount. We can
catch at" least 20,000 woiws in a day.
Each worm in the course of his life will
destroy twenty squares anil bolls- This,
men. is a net savin? of <100,000 bolls of
co'.ton per day; and field hands have
but liltlo now to do, as eotton is not
opened suHicicntly to commence pick'no*
A great many people, in the plentitude
of southern dignity and chimney
corner wisdom, elPoct to laugh at this
simple and primeval method of routing
these ruinous vermin; because they
say it looks so ridiculous, to see a grown
np man picking up worms like a turkey
cock ! lint it must look equally ridiculous
to the proprietor and the overseer
too, to see a large field of cotton stalks,
i 11 r PTinilfh to mntrn M l?nlr> nf to
the aero, and that garnished without
three hundred pounds of blue, half
opened, worm eaten cotton.
Try it, and if you do not J ike the moil
us operandi, you can quit it in a half
It is now too late to theorize or book
farm the worm out of your cotton fields.
Sutiller Co., Al.: Aug. 13, 1840.
From /Im New 0:/cans lie-:.
LATER FROM THE ARMY.
The steamer Sen, arrived last evening
from Brazos Santiago, by way of
Port Lavacea and Galveston.
Ca.maucjo, August 31st, 1840.
(Jrnllcmcn.:?<;Thus far into the
bowels of the latyl have we marched
without impediment." The First Brigade,
under General Worth, is now well
c?u to Monterey, and the Second, under
Colonel P. F. Smith, and Third, under
Colonel Garland, are expected soon to
follow. Captain May. with the Second
Dragoons, and Major Monroe, with the
Light Artillery, arc to move forward in
the same direction. These, with the
Texans, Ohio, and Kentucky volunteers,
all under the command of Old
Rough and Ready, will constitute an
effective force of 7500. But a portion
of these, however, will proceed to Monterey,
the remainder will be stationed
at different posts in the rear, to guard
them and preserve a communication
with the supplies. This is not a pleasant
service for those who are " earger
jAr tlin frotr " i ? if o *-* V??-?
""J J WllMUh UC UU1JJCU.
The want of proper means of land
transportation is severely felt, although
general Taylor has an effective force of
nearly 15,000 men, not a single addition
of wagon has arrived, and the conveyance
of baggage and acoutrements
is effected exclusively by mules, of
which, 1,500 or 2,000 have been hired
or purchased from the Mexicans.
You have learned ere this that on the
24 th general Worth arrived at the town
of Salado, some 70 miles distant, and
there awaits the arrival of the main
body of the Army. Lieut. Kane, is
here with 150 men to guard the public
stores. Gen. Taylor is confident of
reaching Monterey by the 15th September,
and by the 1st of October, will probably
be at Saltillo, sixty miles from
Monterey. He anticipates no resistance
to his progress to the former place. We
hear that there are some three or four
thousand Mexican soldiers at Monterey,
the command of Mejia,but they are wholly
inefficient, and scarcely kept together
by force. They will disperse at the first
rumor of our approach, or or I am seriously
mistaken. Yours, F. F. C.
From Die. N.w O. Delta.
THREE AMERICANS KILLED.
San Antonio, de Bexar, Sept. 5.
Lieut, llogers, of the 2d Dragoons,
(who was left by Colonel Harney with
three companies of Texan troops, under
command of Capt. Cady, at Presidio de
Rio Grande,) and Mr. Callahan, arri
veil this morning, and reported the remainder
of the command near at hand:
the provisions being damaged and condemned,
it became necessary to procure
more?and the inhabitants at Presidio
professed to be very friendly, they sent
a small boat with nine men, over the river,
to bring the articles purchased. After
the men had pushed off their boat
they were attacked by a body of Mexi
cans, secreted in Ihe chapparal on the
bank of the river. Three of our party
were killed; the remainder jumped
overboard, and reached the bank on this
side. During the afternoon, the Mexicans
kept up a fire from their musketry,
and succeeded in killing one mule and
sliahtlv wounrlincr nnnthor Tim irnnnu
0 _ J D
having no means of crossing over the river,
took up their line of march for this
place, being already under orders to that
effect. Undoubtedly by this time, this
signal victory is herald through Mexico,
as giving additional lustre to the arms ol
the magnanimous and exalted people.
Before leaving, the provisions and other
stores, together with a stock of goods belonging
to Mr. Callahan, were burned,
being unable to transport them to this
A Revival.?The Nashville Whig
of the 31st ult. says :?
"The Methodist Camp-meeting
which was held near this city not Ion":
since, resulted (we arc informed on good
authority) in the conversion of ninetylive
persons. The revival spirit spread
into the city, and at all the Methodist
churches large congregations have been
in constant attendance. Of the whole |
number of conversions, including those
at the camp-ground 213 have joined the
Methodist Kpiscopal Church South.
The work is still going on, and deepening
and spreading?no signs of an inI
clination to stop, we arc told, have yet
j been manifested."
Kaxdummi's "John."?Wo arc told
by the I jynchburg Virginian, that John,
the well known and faithful servant ol
the late John Randolph, who, with the
emancipated slaves of his master, went
to Ohio, and were there treated by the
citizens in a manner of which our readers
have been apprized, has returned to
Charlotte with the intention of petitioning
the legislature to allow him to remain
in the commonwealth. lie says,
they have no feeling for colored people
in Uluo, and il the legislature refuse to j
grant his petition, he will submit to the
penalty of remaining and he sold as a
slave?prefering this to enjoying freedom
in a free State.
A 11 oval Love Letter.?It is said,
that during Prince Albert's visit to Liverpool.
last month, his affectionate wife,
Victoria, wrote him every day. On the
first day after he reached Liverpool,
while present at some interesting public
ceremony, surrounded by the public
dignitaries of the city, a messenger arrived
by the express train, and made his.,
way to the Prince, with a letter from
her Majesty. A Liverpool nanersavs:
- w > a *- J - - J - "
It was enclosed in an envelope, and
sealed with the royal arms. His lloyal
Highness opened and read it with
marked attention; it was written on
note paper, and comprised eight pages;
on each sheet, at the top, was an embellished
impression of the royal arms. After
perusing it, the Prince placed it in
the breast pocket of his coat, and immediately
afterwards rose from his seat and
retired, the whole company standing as.
the Prince left the room."
Boston Times. \
Mr. Calhoun.?Mr. Calhoun, on
ins route home, passed through
Wythe county, in Virginia, where
his ancestors onced resided. Upon
arriving at Wytheville, he was
formally welcomed by the citizens
?as their address says?" without
distinction of party,"?and requested
to prolong his stay amongthem.
nc complied with tne request so
far as to remain in Wytheville for
four days. On the 31st ult. an
impromtu public dinner was got
up, and lo which there were more
subscribers than could be accommodated
at the table. This was
obviated by an arrangement, so
that as fast as those who first sat
down got through eating, they
irave nlace to those who waitnd.
until .'ill were feasted.
After eating was over, Col. B. It,
Floyd, after a brief speech, gave
the following toast:
John C. Caliioun?the distinguished
senator from South Carolina
: the patriot statesman?the
able advocate of free and unre
stricted commerce among the nations
of the earth, whose pure and
unsullied name will ever be prominent
in the history of his country,
as the friend of peace and civilization
throughout the world.
Mr. Calhoun said he did not
rise to make a speech: a hoarseness
under which he was laboring
from a cold, as well as other considerations,
forbade it, and he must
therefore be excused.
lie merely rose to express his
high and unfeigned gratification
at the hearty welcome with which
he had been received, and the
kind terms expressed by the sentiment
just offered, and to propose
one in return. He then offered :
Virginia?Next to my native
State, the highest in my esteem
The company then dispersed.
Tuesday, 1st inst., Mr. Calhoun
departed on his homeward journey.
Santa Anna and tiie War.?
The subjoined extract ol* a letter
from an intelligent correspondent
on board a United States vessel-ofwar,
dated oil' Vera Cruz, the 28th
August, cannot fail to attract
much attention. It fully confirms
the suspicions for some time enter:
tained in regard to the existence
I of an understanding or bargain between
Mr. Polk and the " exiled
" 'J he ex President (Santa Anna,)
arrived oil' here 011 the l(?th ult.,
and entered Vera Cruz 011 the
same day ; he was accompanied
by his lady and daughter, and Gen,
Almonte; the steamer thn.i.hmntrl?f
him was boarded by an olHeer
from the ?S't. Mary's, and his Excellency,
a little disturbed by the
visit, apprehending he might possibly
be detained, but the eom>
mander of t he ?S7. Mary's, /)variously
instructed by the Commodore.t, /tcrmitlcd
him to pans! Judging from
the reports that have reached us,
and the royal salute given him,
his arrival was hailed with great
This settles the (question in regard
to the existence of a bargain
between the high contracting parties,
which is further confirmed by
the news contained in the letter
from the Gulf Squadron, of a probable
armistice of three months!
We have been much pleased to
learn that the health of Chancellor
Harper has been greatly improved
I ot late by ills sojourn at Glenn's
| Springs, and that his friends now
conlidenlly enter!ain the hope that
an extended earner of usefulness
is again open to him. We sincerely
trust that their hopes may
not prove fallacious, for there are
but lew of the public servants of
tllfl wlirk fMII 1/1 nr?f Kn
V..W ?? V/VWIVI livu liU UUUICI
spared than Judge Harper, in
whom are combined the highest
qualities both ol' head and heart.
Long may he occupy the seat he
so ai)ly and honorably fills, lor it
would be diliieult indeed to supply
his place with another in all
respects his equal.
Columbia Chronicle, 10th inst.
Pumpinu the Water out of Lake
Michigan.?It is well known tr?
our readers that by an arrangement
with the English Bond holder,
the State of Illinois has given
over to them the unfinished canal,
from the waters of Lake Michigan,
at Chicago to the Illinois River.
Thev are about, comnlctinir it. hut
/ J O ? '
the principal difficulty now is to
supply it with water, owing to the
level of the Lake being eight l'cet
below the bottom of the canal.
To overcome this the present
company, after vaiious propositions,
finally bethought themselves
of raising the water of the Lake
so as to supply me canal.
The wrote to Messrs. lvnapp &
Totton of this city and furnished
them with data to calculate whether
it could be done, and what
force And what machinery would
accomplish it. These gentlemen
snrm fiirnivlw. I an nr?/l
other <lay received in return an
order to build some powerful machinery
for that purpose, a steam
engine and eight pumps of lour
and a half bore and six l'cet stroke.
We are glad to hear that this eminently
scientific firm have been
selected to execute this order.
Their shop and Mechanical force
? 11 ?1 K? 1. I!-!
uic nut uauuiiuh uy tiny usLtiUHSIlmcnt
in tlic United States.
Lyncii Law in Indiana.?We
learn by a letter from EvansvllJe,
Ia? that the most aggravated case
of Lynching occurred within ten
miles of that place, a few weeks
HTV*n Yottnt* CiiVC
OlllA lit/ JVH-Vi ? ?
" A merchant finding five hundred
dollars less in his safe than
he left there, suspected the money
was stolen by a man who deposited
that amount with him somo
months before. He then proposed
to his clerk to take him to an island
in the Ohio, and give him as
manv lashfiK a? it rnfmir??#1 to nrn.
(luce a confession. The old man
was tied by the neck to a tree, and
then received, as some thought,
five hundred (probable three or
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