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, i [WEEKLY.) i _ ???_????-_____________________________________ i I Vol. III. Abbeville C. H? S. C. Sept. 30, 1846 No. 31. Published every Wednesday Morning, bj A LLEN & KEK11. Sic to tennis. ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENTS per annum, if paid within three months from the time of subscribii^g, or TWO DOLLARS after that time. No n..W ' ouuBcnpiiuu received lor less than six months; and no paper discontinued until all nrr? ara?res nre paid, except ut tlie op? tion of the editor. Subscriptions will be -continued, unless notice be pivn otherwif?P nrnuinna ?r? !..? ?I ? r.i-- ?I r.?..vuo 11# mi- uiusl' ui nit* volume. (FoR THE BANNER ) The Thumb paper?Its Use.?The Bible? its Influence. i Mr. Editor:?I am truly gratified [ that you have hitherto manifested so much liberality and independence as editor of n rmhlir? innrnnl It wie .v?.. _ , J ...... ** .. uc III J fortune (perhaps public opinion might call it my misfortune) to be educated (if at all) at a period when there were very i few newspapers in circulation. My object in making this statement, is by no means to claim for mysel' or cotemporaries, any thing like an equality in point of scientific or literary acquirements, but rather to point out the method or manner by which we made out in rrnt olnnn* iUh/v.%,-1. * I- - 11 * 1 w 6*.. uiuug niiuii^ii me worm wunoui newspapers. Perhaps I may extort a smile when I slate that we had thumb papers. These (like newspapers) weie of different dimensions, but their principal use was to mark or keep the place where we left off reading, and point to where a new lesson began. We had few books to read in families and common schools; 1 believe I may safely say, those who read any, generally read more in their Bibles than any other book. In those days it was the custom for the Puritan Fathers (as they are deservedly called) to call the family together, open the Bible, directed by the thumb paper to the chapter or verse where he left off the morning or evening previous; and I have heard many times, during this exercise, very appropriate and pertinent remarks made by Klin luui icu iuc exercise, wnicn usually closed by a song of praise and prayer. The thumb paper was also used, and useful in other respects, by enlarging it to the size of the page we were reading after we got able to scribble, after ascertaining from our teacher the definition of a word or the purport of a sentence, we could, and frequently did, read it, adding a few remarks of our own. I have examined Walker, but cannot find the word Thumb-paper, and it is probable it mav be renntnd n vnlnmrlem T J -1 ~ ?M. find " Manuscript, note book and is it not probable that as Princes have frequently had their derivation from Peasants, that " manuscripts" or " note books," which I believe are now pretty generally in use by lawyers, statesmen, and now and then by a clergyman in the sacred desk, had their origin in thumb-paper? This being granted, 1 may it not be affirmed that newspapers for the most part, are nothing more than thumb-papers on an enlarged scale. In thp. litp.rarv dpnxrimont nf T? ...w - j ???BVkc JL'I* iKumocii o | history of South Carolina, alluding to the period when thumb-papers were in use, he remarks " Having but little to read, they read that little well. Their Bibles, when carefully studied, and one part made to expound the other, by the help of marginal references, open an extensive view of the origin of the world, and the great revolutions it has under gone?of ancient nations, and particularlv of the real stnt? nf human minim in every clime and age. No history was ever better written than that of the Jews, by their own Moses. And there is j more knowledge respecting the first half j of the whole period that has elapsed, since the creation of man, to be obtained from the Bible, than from any other source. Ou page 333 " There was no Grammar school in South Carolina, prior to 1730, except the Free school in Charleston. from 1730 till 1766 there were not more than four or five, and all in and near Charleston from all of which it is manifest, although we laboured under many and great disadvantages, compared with the present enliflrlftfpnprl 1 mnrntro^ an/1 imni?A??ino? v? vu uiju Hlipil/Vfilg UgC of the world; yet, blessed be God, we hnd the radius, we had the germ, of all that ever was, or now is, or ever will be, great, good or excellent. We had the Bible, and from the very circumstan ces in which we were placed, we who then enjoyed the privilege of such schoo ling, as could then be obtained (it was far from general) had to become acquainted with the Bible at the Anniversary meeting of the Abbeville auxilliary Bible Society. In 1845,1 had the pleasure of hearing the Rev. D. M. Turner, " himself a host," deliver the anniversa2 sermon. His text was " A little one all become a thousand, and a small ohe a strong nation." Ksiah Ix, 22. (I write from mfimnrv \ H? atn?A<i .. ??- J - / ?^ ao an axiom, * that knowledge is power," and maintained that the knowledge de rived and derivable from the Bible, contributed more to individual or national greatness and happiness, th;?n could possibly be acquired from any other source This was illustrated by a retrospect of the progress, the successful, and for the last half a century, the unparalleled progres-s and improvements, made in our own beloved country where eve-< ry citizen had free access to the Bible, lr?u> llntrtim miilio/1 co/*m'n/l VV) UUUKIIIIIIVIIVUj CVV,U|^U IIUIU il I 1 1111hallowed contributions of civil and ecclesiastic domination. (L hope he will pardon this imperfect sketch ) In accordance with the above is the following extract, from Dr. Ting's address before the British and Foreign Bible Society, 29th July, 1842: " As chil Hrpn nnrl cor tr?i r\ r? to rvT VI* vaa UKU luiniic Ul VIII IClj WC 11(1 VU twice conquered the world with that simple sword of the spirit which is the word of God. Apostles went out. unlettered, untitled, unbenificed, unprac tised, oppressed, reviled, calumniated men. But the apostles were conquerors of the earth, bccause they were fai.hful to Heaven. They stood by the bible with weapons of warfare that were not carnal but spiritual, and God, the ascended God, made them mighty through his power, to the destruction of the powers ! nt rinri/nnoo A n/1 * I*? v/i MMI nnvcg* X1.1IU tvn^Uj a^uiil IUC III" flucnce of evil enslaved the world, and the force of man's depravity, once more overwhelmed with darkness, the light of God's truth, then the apostles once more conquered the earth, by the simple instrumentality of the word of God. If th;<- scene is to be acted over again?if p v we are to be brought down to this .-I, : ' ulti rv van; ui L'A|ii:i ICI1CU UIIUU IllOrtJ?1 say, as an humble minister of Jesus Christ, be it so: Give us the single instrument of God, the sword of the spirit, and we will conquer the world a third time. . Allow us but to go out with an unchained, uncovered bible, and we ask for nothing else for man: We have the power, the certain, the living power? the certain and infalliable gift of God? the Saviour who gave his bible, shall conquer by this Bible, through us his in j struments, however wortliless, when priest-craft, reason and man's philosophy, shall have sunk into the darkness they deserve. Oh, give to the nations of the earth the word of God, and by God's co-operating spirit you wili give to God the nations of the earth." Let this suffice for the present; if you deem it worthy of a place in the Banner, I may occasic^^fexlrop you a thumb paper. I havo*^jiiy|jg^)er ready for transcribing, and I ^gjge myself to yourselt and readers, thaTT have no unkind, or unpleasant feelings to gratify. I do not rely upon myself; I rely upon my Bible and reputed orthodox authors, to sustain my views. Iam a native of Abbeville (formerly Ninety-six Distiict,) born the 9th October^s? 7 5. (for this banner.) A CHAPTER ON WAR. Being a Scriptural Review of the War I on the Rio Grande, f rom, the day of r?< !>?//.>? iat~~ if 'i jl i i.ou?;i? m vi ft o rr ll/l IU lilt adjournment of Congress. 1. "And it came to pass, in the second year of the reign of Pol If, whose sir-name was Young Hickory, in the third month and on the eleventh day thereof, 2. u That he sent a message of war to the Great Sanhedrim, of the seven and twenty tribes of Jonathan, assembled in their chief city." 3. And the chief ruler set forth that by the joint action of the two houses of the Great Sanhedrim, the wilderness I country, which is culled Texas, had be come a pari of the land of their inheritance : 4. And in that the chief officers of the tribe of Texas, had declared the Rio del Norte to be their boundary, he had ordered his chief captain to occupy the left bunk thereof, it being an exposed frontier: 5 Also that the barbarians, called Mexicans, a warlike race which inhabi-1 |>J .L. -!J- -! ?L. L-J I icu me ujjpusiiu siue 01 uie river, naa dared to cross over this side thereof, and had slain some of the children of Jonathan : 6. likewise the chief ruler submitted, in that war existed by the net of Mexico, ikat ~I ?? ? u ? ? iuui hie uuiiui a a wcii no iuo pniriUUSin of Jonath&n demanded he should go out to battle, not in the hope of dividing the spoils, but to inflict condign chas tisemeut upon their refractory neigh i J bors. I 7. And it came to pass hereupon, that both houses of the Great Sanhedrim, did unanimously declare war against the ; barbarians of* Mexico. i 8. And voted their chief ten millions s picces of silver, arid fifty thousand of ; heir miyhtest men of war . him to dictate the terms of peace. 9 Meantime Zachary, sir-named Old t Rough and Ready, from his always be- i ing ready to use the enemy rough, was encamped opposite Matamoras, a city of i tho barbarians. i iu. Mow belt Ueneial Scott, a mighty man in valor, desired not that Captain I'olk should make a Joab of hitn, but tarried at the Capitol, the better to gratify his penchant for turtle soup, and his caaithis scribe ndi. 11. Now when the chief captain of the host knew that the barbarians had crossed the river, and had shed Jonathan's blood on his own soil, he became j ...i.... 1 r..:_ ii i' i - -> ?ti y iriuiii uiiu itllli WUUIU Ilgni lilt? I enemy. c 12. Accordingly Zachary sallied forth, found the enemy, and fought i i against him ; and the barbarians lied c from before Zachary. I 13 And Zachary followed hard after the barbarians, and the battle went sore a against Mexico ; and the archers shot at t them, and they were wounded of the t archers, and fell down slain in the prairies. i 14. And Zachary slew, in eight and f forty hours, a thousand and three scorc 1 of the mightiest men of Mexico, with a 1 handful of men ho slew them. 15. He took also eight pieces of artillery, several colors and standards, besides a great number of prisoners, including fourteen ol their chief captains, a large amount of baggage, a great num- ? ber of mules &c. ? 16 So the children of Jonathan tri- ? u in plied greatly over the Mexicans, and ! < followed after them to the river, ; ? when the barbarians, all panic struck, j ; 1 ? * * * - ---I piungeu in ana made the best of their J way over. ? 17. Howbeit many of them attained ? not the opposite shore, by reason of the r roughness of the waves, but like Pha- < roll's host of old, were drowned in the 1 midst of the waters. j 18. Now it came even to pass, whilst r the barbarians were flowndering about ' in the. midst of the river, that one of them I being greatly frightened so that he cried r i i - f ? 1 jui ucij), one 01 ine captains Dade him catch the tail of his horse ; 19. Now he caught hold thereof and was brought safe to land, but being sore j afraid, he essayed not to let go, and \va? dragged many paces, his bt lly making a furrow in the sand, whilst he cried ^ " save me from drowning." c 20. Many such incidents, amusing though melancholy, are said to have K'jni\onn/] ??-? j 21. Now these arethe chief of the mighty men whom Zachary had, who j strengthened themselves with him in the field, arid triumphed at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. ^ 22. And this is the number of the ^ mighty men whom Zacharv had; Col- , onel twiggs who was second in coin- j mand. 23. And after him was Colonel Mc- [ Intosh who repulsud a charge of lancors, | and was twicc wounded. r 24. And Colonel Garland was nlso i one of the mighties; then Colonel, Belknap, who headed a charge which drove the enemy from his guns. 25. Also Childs and Ridgely, and Ringgold ; then captain May who gallantly led a charge of Cavalry on the ^ enemy's batteries, and captured the ^ Mexican general Vega. 26. These things did captain Muy, j and had a name among the mighties. 27. Also captain Walker, who fought * against the fifteen hundred Mexicans, with a very few men, was amon?r the I I mighties; J 28. And Lincoln, who slew with his own hand, two lion-like men of Mexico, and rescued a fellow officer. 29 Also the valiant men of the pri- J vates, were exceeding many, so that ; they could not be reckoned. ! 30. Htfwbeit, the two battles which j ] Zachary won, were the most brilliant ! , achievements of the age. \ 31. And it came to pass after this, j that Zachary eame, he, and all his host, < against Matamoras, and pitchcd against 1 t, and built forts against it round about: i but 1'olU, tl?o chief ruler, tarried at j Washington 32. And Zachary smote Matamoras ind took exceeding much spoil out of he city, and sent to Washington a splendid regimental color, many stand- ; inis and guidons of cavalry, beside | nueh spoil not reckoned. 33. Now it came pass after many nonths, when the chief ruler's heart vas moved within him, 34. That he sent another message, vastly different from the former, prayng tin* Great Sanhedrim to consider the veaktiess and delusion of Mexico, th'itrength and honor of Jonathan, and ;?ptropriate two millions of dollars for the wrpose ol settling the war. 35. I-lowbeit this measure of peace, vorthy the chief of so miiihty a people,; vns defeated by what is culled the peace I vtrty. j 30. And the very men who com-1 l i t uaineu mat the war was costing Jonahan hall a million a day. threw obsti:les in the way of peace. 37. t; Tell it not in Ciath, publish it; lot in the streets of Askelon ; lest the laughters of the Mexicans rejoice, lest hedaughtersof the barbarians triumph.1' 38. And it came to pass that the war ,vas prolonged for tnany^days thereafter, hat it was prosecuted with more vigor ban ever; 39. And the angel of peace that seem;d to hover over the earth, took her light to heaven, and the nation greatly anguished, from reason of the war-dogs icking up the subsistence of the land. Respectfully Tin-: Colom:l. f Wl! 1'ITPXI Pnn TIIP TI . ^ ON GOING TO CHURCH, some go to church, fine clothes to wear, Some go there, the news to hear ; Some go there to sport their curls, some ?o there to see the yirls: o o ? some go there, a ride to take, some <10 there i'or fashion sake ; some go there to take a sleep, some go there, about to peep ; soino go there to have a chat, in - 11 r . i - * i uey iniic 01 mis, and thru ol that; Some go there to seem devout, \nd some go there that they may shout; V few go there with hearts sincere, Po offer up a fervent prayer ; L'hcy all some object have in view, 3ut God's true worshippers are few. P. The Color of Houses.?The folloving article, which we cut from the ?nirie Farmer, contains statements vhich, as '* facts" or " fancied," may be j vor'h attention. If the writer's theory )0 correct, horse Lavalers may at once :onie into vogue, and color will be as mportant to h rses as to other artists vhose profession it is to draw. "There s no one fact that mankind is more iglorant of than this?that the color of a ?orse is a sure indication of his charac- j er. In this article I shall attempt to ( jive a few rules by which a man of. .ommon observation can tell tiie di^posiion of a horse as soon as he sees him. ! L'he first thing to be observed is, the co-' i or of the animal; the second is the J )hrcnologicaI developments. If his co- i or is a light sorrel, his feet, legs, and ace white, these are marks of kindness. rhen, if lie is broad and full between he eyes I will warrant him to be a lorse of good sense, and easily trained , o do anything. Such horses will have! jood treatment; the kinder yon treat I hem the better they will treat you in re- j urn. A horse of the above description 1 ,vill neverstand the whip if he is well fed. Dne thing to be always observed in buyng a horse, if you want a gentle one, s to get one with more or less white ' ? . % * - - - * idoui nun. a spotted one is preferable, j We see many of this color used in cir-i :uses Some have supposed that this j :olor was sought for by the owners of hose establishments because of its oddi- J y ; it is net so ; it is because horses of :his discription are the easiest trained to ; perform the difficult Teats that we see j hem go through at such places. Again, j f you want a safe horse, avoid one that j s dish-faced ; he may be gentle, that is,! le may not scare ; but he may have too j nuch of the go ahead in him to be safe ; i?rr - ?r - ui c?ci^ uuuy, 11 yuu wuni a pcneci fool, buy a horse ol great bottom, get a leep bay, with rot a white hair about lim; if his face - dished, so much the 0 Advertisements WILL be conspicuously inserted at 75 cents per square for trio first insertion, and 37 ? cents lor eacii continuance? longrr ones <:liar?;<'d in proportion. Those not having the desir* d number of inser tions marked upon them will be continued until ordered out, and charged according11? For advertising- Estrnys Tolled, TWO DOLLARS, to be paid by the Magistrate. For announcing a Candidate, TWO DOLLARS, in advance. All letters or communications must be directed to 11??* fed it or, postage paid. worse ; boys or men that have, not good c:ire ol themselves, should never have anything to do with a horse of this kind ; they are always tricky and unsafe. 1 have been denrived of the. nee r?f m\r limbs for twenty-seven years; in this time 1 have travelled over a large portion of the western country by land, in my one horse bugiry. In using the kind of horses that ! have first described. 1 have invariable found them kind and gent It? to manage. Hut in using the dc<;p bays 1 have suffered enough by their treachery to kill forty men." Scrmiion .mooi: or Crnixu Hams.? Agreeable to your request, I herewith scud you the process of curing the hams * ? 1 scut you :n .March, which recently ? ralb-d forth admiration of the American 9 Agricultural Association, and Farmer's Hub Jii Now York. 1 made a pickle of ! two <|u;iris of salt, to which 1 added one i ounce of summer savory, one ounce of sweet marjoram, one ounce allspice, halfounee of saltpetre. an:l one pound of brown sugar : boiled the whole together; and appiird the mixture boiling hot, to one hundred pounds of ham, and kept it in'the pickle three or four weeks. My process of smoking wis not live, most ex pensive, but may not be the less available on that account. I smoked the hams in a seed cask with one h^ad in, with a small h >le for iho sm ike to pass out, hunir my hams to the head, and used about a pock of m dio^any saw-dust for fuel. I smoked them but one week. Aw eric an Agriculturist. Ori?ix of the Word IIuMnuo.? A scotch paper affirms that this word is of Scottish origin. There \v;is ill olden times :a. rnr.p. now r?v_ tincf. called Rogue or Boag of that Ilk, in Berwickshire. A daughter of this family married a son of Ilunie or Hone, also of that Ilk. In process of time, by default of male i&.'Ue, tVic Rogue property devolved on one Goordie Homo or Hulrne, who was properly styled Hume or Home or I he Bog. This worthy was somewhul. inclined to tin- marvellous, and had a vast inclinaiiou to exalt himself, Ins wile, family, brother, and ail his aeeessors on both sides. His tales, however, did not pass curienr, and at last, when anybody made any ve-? ry exi raordinary statement in the Mearns, the bearers would shrug 1111 f 11 111 i* ctinnl liiPL* o nrl i-'t trl/* t # U|/ VKOII .--11WH1 I\.I .1 flli'.l l u ' just, a hum o' ihe Hog." This was soon shortened into humbug, and in a few years the word spread like wildlire over the whole kingdom. Crushed Affections.?I To a- many suffer un returned affection. They are attached sometimes strongly to those who return them cold words, in different looks, and even avoid their presence. A word, that might not otherwise be noticed, often sink deeply in the heart of one whose lile is bound uj> in another. Where an object is cherished, each motion is watched with solicitude, and a smile gives exquisite pleasure, while a frown sends a dagger to the heart. ic n A <rmntor? t ko ? * * ?*V? W .??\/ vikit.! Olll 1 Ki CLIX IU c rush th? warm affect ions gushing freely from a generous heart. 16 dries up the fountain of the soul, radcs the smile on the cheek, and exists a shade over every bright and glorious prospect. Draw near to the heart that loves you. return the favors received, and if you cannot love in return, be careful not to bruise or break it by a careless word, an unkind expression, or an airol indifference. The Spirit of Old Kentucky.? There is something in the very air of Kentucky which makes a mail a soldier. The news of the war is received there in the same spirit in which the sick Irishman rejoiced : " Oh ! doctor, excuse me j here is a fight going on ; the first I have seen since I left the oH coun? try, and 1 must take a hand in it | it will do me good 1"