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" liberty and my native soil." . YOL. 4. " ABBEVILLE C. H, S. C., MAY 19, 1847. NO. 12. Published every Wednesday, by CHARLES H. ALLEN, Editob and Proprietqk. Terms. ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENTS if paid within three months from the time of subscribing, or TWO DOLLARS if paid within six months, and TWO DOLLARS AND FIFTY CENTS if not paid until tho end of tho year. No subscription rccoived for Ices than six months; and no paper discontinued until all arrearages aro paid. Sub* scriptions will be continued unless notice bo given otherwise, previous to the closo of volume. No paper will bo sent out of tho Stato unless payment is mado in advance. ADVJfcKTISKIVlUIN IS, inserted at To cts. per squaro of twelve lines for tho first insertion ; and, 37 1-2 cts. for each continuance. Those not having the desired number of insertions mnrked upon thoin, will bo continued until ordered out and charged accordingly. ESTRAYS, Tolled TWO DOLLARS, to be paid by tho Magistrate. For announcing a Candidate TWO DOLLARS, in advance. The Postage must bo paid upon all letters and communications to sccuro attention. From the New Orleans Delia, 6th inst. Highly Important from Mexico. Continued triumphant progress of American Arms?Jalapa taken without a struggle,? JPcrote delivered up to General YVorlh, with all its armament, without a shot f>om the ememy,?Reported removal of Santa. Anna from the command of the Mexican Army,?Particulars of the taking ofTuspan?Probable junction contemplated between Scoff and Taylor. The U. S. transport steamship New Orleans, Captain Wright, from VeraCruz, arrived last evening. She left on the evening of the 20th uIt., and brought us our correspondence and the latest papers to the day of her sailing'. We procecil to .ay their interesting content before our readers. We would, in the meantime, state that we have conversed with an intelligent passenger, who came over in the N. Orleans. He says that he understood Gen Taylor had succeeded in communicating with Gen. Scott, and that the object of 1:is despatch was a formation of a mutual understanding between them, with u view ol joining their forces prepartory to a descent upon the city of Mexico. Santa Anna boasts that there is still another Thermonvlai on the road between 1 *. Puebla and Mexico. Scott pushes on without stop or falter; the destructive storm of" Cerro Gordo delays not a day or an hour his onward march; with a boldness, an energy, and masterly activity beyond all parallel, he has passed through the considerable town of.Talapa, traversed the dangerous and difficult road thirty miles beyond, and appears with the old vanguard army, under the gallant Worth, before the far-famed castle of Perote. CHI. ?_* * 1 M i i nis isasuie, so renowneu in Mexican inslory as the gloomy asylum of disgraced and unfortunate Revolutionists, of the hnhappy victims of anarchy and of rabble rage, but still more familiar to all Americans as the dungeon of those brave men whose cruel wrongs gave the first impulse to the spirit whence this war sprung?thisstrong prisoncaitle, with its battery of enormous guns and powerful defcnccs, surrenders to our arms without a blow. If one stone still stands upon another of this gloomy monument of Mexican servility and imbecility, the flag of the " stars and stripes" waves over it, and American cannon and American bayonets bristles around its now invincibles walls. Not here does Scott's army rest its wearied limbs. A three days' march will precipitate our victorious columns into the warlike town of the the ancient Tlascalans. Puebla? Whence marched the valiant warriors with nihnoa Knrlinc cliiin tn hnnrl.tn-linnrl nn r>i V\o t wuwovs ... ~ ??"? <-v?wi uui, Cortez made his famous "Bridge of Corpses" ?with its 60,000 inhabitants, will yield to our little army. And then?but let us look no farther?let us await until the event will justify it, before we raise the cry of exolUttioiby and rejoice over the last great tefr^ackievemont left to American valor?the the city of the Montezumas! w^^JLArA' Mexico, April 21, 1847. ?1 arrived at this lovelv nlace ??pPjK|Hnnorning, and found that General ~wT'*?ad hoisted the American flag in "" friftafl?6 day before. He followed the ' > heroes of Ccrro Gordo to within of Jalapa, when all traces of body disappeared, and he enoiu&ped for the night within three miles of town evening, and entered and took possession of it early next morning. Snntn Annn rlirl not nn?s? ihrnntrh Tnlrmn "but, in company with Ampudia and Torrejon, turned off to the left at his hucienda, ?fot the nigbt at the " nine mile :h was being fortified, but which consideration, it was deemed pruracuate. This evacuation took rday morning, and in the eveHarney's dragoons took posses> Pass?Gen. Worth following tsteps. A number of small arms i. at the Pass, but they are of litalue. ^HH^^AVorth, it is said, will move on to which place many think he will ^kHmb. '' * i? B8to66BB9BHMBHSHBSHH8BHH8H have a fight, as it is reported here that additional defences are being made. All along the road between Perote and Puebla, the Mexicans here say we will be opposed, and contrary to general belief, it is said the Commander-in-Chief will shortly move in that direction. The list of killed and wounded, on our side, is much larger than was first reported ?it is over 350. I Col. Childs is the mailtary Governor of Jalapa. I send you a Mexican paper. There are tvvodays later dates here, but this contains all the important information. Chaparral. Jalap a, April 22, 1847. JEds. Delta.?General Worth approached last evening within four or five leagues of Perote, and entered the city to-day. We had accounts last night that it had been evacuated by the soldiery, who spiked all the guns before leaving. I am extremely glad to have it in my power to state to you that General Shields has improved much since my last, and Lieutenant Hammond, who came from him this evening, thinks there is a probability of his recovery. r .1 i mi i r._ itiusi ui uir> wagons iiuiu \> in luiivu lur Vera Cruz in the morning, and if it Is the intention to remove early, will retard it for ten or twelve days. The number ol killed and wounded, on our side, will not fall far short of 400. I have collected about two-thirds of the names, and will send you a copy when it is complete. The alteration in some of the reports plays the devil with what I have, but in two days all will be right. Chaparral. Jalapa, April 23, 10 A. M. Eds. Delta?An express has just got in ? n i x*r__.u ' -i i .i. Hum x uiuiu. uuncitii uriit ruiiunuu mui town yesterday, at 11 o'clock A. M. He found it completely evacuated by the soldiers of the enemy, and a Colonel Vasquez left behind to surrender it with decency. An immense number of small arms, the big guns of the castle and city, and ammunition, were taken possession of. It was unfounded, the report that the guns had been spiked in the castle; they were found in excellent order. General Ampudia.with about 3000 caval ry, in a wreicneu condition, was near tne town when our troops entered, when lie put off. Santa Anna luid not been in Perote,sinee the fight at Cerro Gordo, and he is supposed to be somewhere in the mountains. In haste, ClIAl'arkal. From the able and intelligent correspondent of the Vera Cruz Eagle, we copy the following:? Jalapa, April '20, 1847. Yesterday, at noon, I left the encamp: inent near Ccri'o (jrordo simultaneously with the thousands of Mexican prisoners who had been released on parole, and who were wending their way to their different homes, or to some place from whence they may again lie Jorcr.fl to take up arms against ns. I believe their line, extended as it was along the road, was full live miles in length. The Guarda Nacionale was the only corps that maintained any order in their march?the residue trudging along as best they could and in most admirable disorder. We rode the road on which they marched with much difficulty, turning our horses heads twenty different ways in the space of half an hour, to avoid riding them down. They were less sad than men under similar circumstances would generally he, and cracked many a joke at their own expense. This was in the early part of the march. But towards sunset, when they had measured 18 or 20 miles of their journey?most of them in their bare feet?they became quite silent and sad, and the effects of the fatigue of the day, combined with previous privations, told sensibly upon them. I felt much interested in the numerous camp women?those devoted women who follow them through good and " * * J 1- Al evil?ana u gricvea me 10 seo mum, worn down with fatigue, moving at a snail's pace, their heavy burthens almost weighing them to the earth. The women of sixty or more years?the mother with her infant wrapped in her robosa?the wife, far advanced in that state that " woman wish to be who love their lords"?the youthful Senorita frisking along with her lover's sombrero on her head ; even to the pratling girl who had followed padre and mad re to the wars?could all be seen at one view moving along?and bareing the har4?|Bp3 of the tramp, unconscious of the existcnco of misery in this world. mi 1!1._ T 3: iL - x ne?c wuiiieu, iiivo mc iiiuiuhb, are mo slaves of the men; a slavery they submit to under the all-powerful influence of affection. In addition tib^.lheir bedding and wearing apparel, they pack upon their tacks the food and the utensils to cook it in,"and worn oat as they are by the toils of the day, whilst their husb^rttf^kj^pr sleeps, they prepare his repast. When the Mexicans fir?* surrendered, it W was about their dinner hour. In one of their forts the camp kettles were taken from the fire, and the rations were being proportioned out, when the order ef surrender came from the second in command?so they had to march out without their dinners. That evening, although largo quantities of food had been served out to them by our commissaries, they were picking up old bones, stale pieces of bread, and every thing that could be eaten. Yesterday, on the march, they would run up to a beef, killed the da- before by our advance, and cut off every piece that could be obtained, as eagerly as though they were half famished. From the foot of Cerro Gordo to Santa Anna's hacienda, the road side was lined with dead Mexicans and horses. At and near the ranchero where General Twiggs overtook the retreating enemy, they lay i i _ i i . iniciv uruuuu, ana a. inore noma sccne u would be difficult to picture. Mexicans lay dead in every direction; some resting up against trees, others with legs and arms extended, and occasionally a laucei laying with his arm upon the charger that received his death-wound from the same volley that ended the career of his rider. Some of the prisoners passing through would occasionally halt to view the features of the deceased, and then, mending their gate, regain their place by the side of those who were iV A 4^ * *1 il _1_ A. uiun; luruumiu in mo "gni. At the place above cited was to be seen all the property, other than munitions of war, taken from the enemy. In one place, arranged in good order, were all the packsaddles?then the pen containing mules? the provisions next, comprising rice, beans, bread, pepper, pilonceos, garlic, &c., piles of shoes, knapsacks, and all the paraphernalia of a Mexican camp. Captain Robt. Allen, A. Q,. M., stopped for a moment, and gave oiders as to the removal of these things. The muskets taken from the enemy were broken on stones as I passed the spot where they were. They were of no earthly use to us, and hence the summary mode of disposing ol them. Correspondence of the New O. Picayune. Jat-apa, April 25,1847?Afternoon. I have borrowed three copies of the EI Republicano for an hour. They arc dated at the city of Mexico, April 21 and 22. and the latter gives a full account of the battle of Cerro Gordo. The Mexican particulars of the combat, as usual, arc peculiarly rich. They say that Santa Anna sustained the combat with 6000 ' men against 14,000, and fought valiantly to : the very last. When, finally, he found himself entirely surrounded by enemies, he 1 forced a wassafre through ".loss Ynnkpns" ( 1 O D \vi h a column of the 4th Regiment of the line! The fact, as every one knows, is 1 that Santa Anna left early?all the cutting ( he did was to cut the saddle mule from his Coach, and then cut and run. The Mexicans admit that they had two generals killed, but give no name save that of VasqucZi Cols. Coslo and Calatayud are also named as among the killed. Gen. Scott's loss, on the i7th and 18th, is put down at over 400, while the loss of the Mexicans is admitted to be '2,000 men in 1 killed and wounded. They say that the Americans tonght like hordes of savages, killed all that presented themselves, whether wagoners, old men, or women. General Canalizo is openly accused of bad conduct at Cerro Gordo. They say that when he should have made a charge,which would have been decissiv *, he withdrew with his cavalry?-in plain terms that lie run. Yours, &. G. W. K. Jalapa, April 26, 1847. We have intelligence, this morning, to the effect that Gen. Worth has advanced one of the brigades, with a battery and a troop of dragoons, to a place called Tepe Aguaica, twelve leaguesbeyoud Perote, tocn1 u* * i: -%.r __ large ins circuii 01 supplies. x ou may hear that a party of dragoons has been cut off by the enemy at the other side of Perote, but there is no truth in the rumor. We already hear of depredations committed by the Mexicans on the roads. Even Santa Anna's son-in-law, who has the appearance of an American, was set upon, robbed, and maltreated most shamefully by his own countrymen the other night. The stage driver, who brings this news, says that all the young man's protestations that he was a true Mexican were of no effect .?he had light hair, blue eyes, and must needs be a Yankee. We also have a report that a number of recruits for the army, coming up under charge of Capt. Winder, have been killed by the rancheros or guerillas between this place and Cerro Gordo? IF the alcades and principal men were held fully accountable and responsible for the acts of the people in the vicinity of the roads, we should soon hear an end of these outrages, Yours, &c. G. W. K. Action of the Mexican Congress. Immediately on the receipt of the news of Santa Anna's defeat at Cerrtf'Gordo, the Mexican Congress held an extraordinary session. The following account of its proceedings is translated from Ei Republican? ; of the 21st April. It comes in the shape of a preamble and eight articles, and we give it entire: The sovereign constituent Mexican Congress, in use of the full powers with which the inhabitants of the Republic have invested it for the sacred object of saving its | nationality ; and as a faithful interpreter of the firm determination with which its constituents aro decided to carry on the war which the United State are now making on the nation, without desisting on account of any kind of reverses; and considering that under these circumstances the first public necessity is that of preserving a centre of union to direct the national defence with all the energy that circumstances demand, and to avoid even the danger of a revolutionary power arising which might dissolve the National Union, destroy its institu'.ions, or consent to the dismemberment of its territory, has determined to decree as follows: Art. 1.?The Supreme Government of the Union is authorized to dictate all necessary measures for the purpose of carrying on the war, defending the nationality of the Kepublic, and saving the federal republican form of government under which the nation is constituted. Art. 2.?The preceding article does not authorize the Executive to make a neace with the United States, conclude a negotiation with foreign powers, nor dispose, in whole or in part, of the territory of the Republic. Art. 3.?Neither does it authorize him to make contracts ol colonization, impose punishments, nor confer any civil or military employments others than those whose appointmentsare expressly entrusted to him by the constitution. Art. 4.?Every agreement or treaty shall be null and void which inav bp. marls bp. tvvcen the Government of the United States and any authority whatever, which) subverting the actual order of affairs should set aside or take the place of the legally established supreme powers of the Union. Art. 5?Every individual is declared a traitort let him be a private a person or public functionary, who, either in his private capacity or invested with any authority, incompetent or of revolutionary origin, may enter into treaties with the United States of American. Art. 6.?In the event- that the actual Congress fined it impossible to continue its sessions, a permanent committee shall be immediately installed, to be composed of the oldest individuals then found nresentof r each deputation. Art. 7. This committee, in tile abscenCe of Congress, shall perform the duties of a Government Council; shall appoint, in Case of vacancy, the person who is to take charge temporarily of the Republic; shall regulate the counting and taking of the votes in the election of a lie\V President; shall give possession to the elected person, and shall call together the national representation. Art. ft. The nownrs whirli tbo nri?en?it decree confer on the Government shall cease as soon as the war is concluded. Such is about the amount of the proceedings of the meeting of the Mexican Congress, held immediately after the news had reached the capital of the disastrous defeat of Cerro Gordo. The editor of El Republicano, in speaking of tlii3 extraordinary session, in his paper of the 21st April, says that " to the honor of the legislative body it ought to be observed, that yesterday more than eighty members assembled, and that no other than sentiments of patriotism were heard expressed. May the common danger thus unite all the Mexicans, and cause to disannear even the names nf nnr snrl Hi?. sensions." Chapter of Yonng Men. Alexander, of Macedon, extended his power over Greece, conquered Egypt, rebuilt Alexandria, overrun all Asia, and died at 38 years of age. Hannibal was but 26, when after the fall of his father Hamilcar, and Asdrubal, his successor, he was chosen commander-inchief of the Carthagenian Army. At 27, he captured Saguntum from the Romans. Before he was 34, he carried his arms from Africa into Italy, conquered Publitfs Scipio on the banks of the Ticinus, routed Semprontus near the Trebia, defeated Flaminius it- a . *i_ ? a i I.M uu ins tippruucu 10 ine appermits, nuu waste the whole country, defeated Fabius Maximus and Varro, marched into Capua ; and at the age of 33 was thundering at the gates of Rome. Scipio Africanus, was scarcely 16 when he took an active part in the battle of Canns, had saved the life of his father. The wreck of the Roman cavalry chose him thm for their leader, and he conducted theni back to the capitol. Soon after he was 90, he was appointed r.rocdnsul 6f Spain,, vyheijp he took NeW Carthage by stornk Soon after he defeated; S?cd?sfv6fy, A^drubal, (HannibaV* VotherJ Magd, aftd Hafcn,. .75 * % - / * crossed over into Africa, negotiating- with Syphax, the Massasylian king, returned to Spain, quelled the insurrection there, drove the Carthagenians wholly from the penia* sula, returned to Rome, devised the diversion against the Carthagenians by carrying the war into Africa, crossed thither,destroyed the army of Syphax, compelled the return of Hannibal, and defeated Asdrubul a second time. Charlemagne was crowned king of the Franks before he was 26. At the age of 28, he had conquered Aquitana, at the ago of 29 he had made himself master of the whole German and French Empires. Charles XII, of Sweeden, was declared of age by the States, and succeeded his father at the age of 15. At 18 he headed ; the expedition against the Danes, whom he chebked; and with a fourth of their numbers, he cut to pieces the Russian army, commanded by the Czar Peter,, at Narva? crossed the Dwina, gained a victory over the Saxons and carried his arms into Poland. At 21. he had conquered Poland, and dictated to them a new sovereign. At 24, he had subdued Saxony, and at 27 ho was conducting his victorious troops into the heart of Russia, when a severe wound prevented his taking command in person, and resulted in his overthrow and subse* quent treacherous captivity in Turkey. Lafayette was Major General in tho American army at the age of 18; was but 20 when he was wounded at Brandvwine : but 22 when he raised supplies for his army, on his own credit, at Baltimore ; and but 23 when raised to the office of commander-inchief of the National Guards of France. Napoleon Bonaparte commenced his military career as an officer of artillery at the age of 17. At 24 he successfully com* manded the Artillery at a seige of Toulon. His splendid campaign in Italy was performed at the age of 27. During the next year, when he was about 28. he gained battle after battle over the Austrians. in Italy, conquered Mantua, carried the war into Austria, ravaged the Tyrol, concluded an ad vantageous peace, took possession of M iian and the Venitian republic, revolutionized Genoa, and formed the Cisalpine Republic. At the age of 29 he received the command of the army against Egypt; scattered the clouds of Mameluke cavalry* mastered Al* exandriaj Aboukir^ and Cairo, and wrested the land of the Pharoahs and Ptolemies from the proud descendants of the prophets; At the age of 30 he fell among the Parisians, like a thunderbolt; overthrew the directoral government; dispersed the council of five hundred and was proclaimed first consul. At the age of 31, he crossed the Alps with an army and destroyed the Austrians b^ a blow at Marengo. At the age nf 50 ha ndtn Kl ioll Hnilo nT TManAlnAw in the same year he was elected consul for life by the people, and at the age of 33 he was declared emperor of the French nation. William Pitt, the first earl of Chatham, was but 27 years of age when, as a Member of Parliament, he waged the war of a giant against the corruption of Sir Robert Walpolei The younger Pitt was scarcely 20 years of age when, with masterly powerj he grappled with the veterans of Parliament, in favor ot America. At 22 he was called to the high and responsible trust of chancellor of the exchequer. It Was at that age when lip f~. m r* fiMrfh in Kia murlit nil tVio oflfniro n f IW? ?! ill tliw III " IIV V/ II bUV UUlllig Vi the East Indies. At 29, during the first insanity of George III., he rallied around the Prince of Wales. Edmund Burkej at the age of 19. planned a refutation of the metaphysical theories of Burketey and Hume. At 20 he was in the temple, the admiration of its inmates for the brilliancy of his genius and the variety of his acquisitions, At 26 he published his celebrated satire, entitled "A vindication of Natural Society." The same year he published his Essay on the Sublime and Beautiful?so much admired for its spirit of philosophical investigation and the elegance of its language. At 25 he was first lord of the treasury. George Washington was only 27 years of age when he covered the retreat of the British troops at Braddock's defeat, and the- . same yeaf was appointed comm9nder-in. chief of all the Virginia forces. ? ' General Joseph Warren was only 29^' years <.f age, when in defiance of the British soldiers stationed at the door of the Church, he pronounced the celebrated oi^rtion which aroused the spirit of liberty and patriotism that terminated in the achieve* mcnt of indenendence. At 34 he&lnrintiftlu'> ----------- - i t # ; r~ 0"T"w"7r-^ fell, gallantly fighting in the cause of freedom on Bunker Hill. Alexander Hamilton was colonel in the army of the Ahiei^^^tihr^ lution and aid de camp to Wa[^ln^'(>n dt the age of 20. a?e of r^v member of CoogresAfr^m. New Ybrflj SO, he was one of the ablest tnerob^wSKx'' Convention that formed tH6 |he S^,. 1 ' ^ " "l