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?lie SKMaeMIIt ^gammer* V
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" LIBERTY AND MY NATIVE SOIL."
VOLUME IY. _ NUMBER ' 47.
ABBEVILLE C. IL, S. C, JANUARY 26, 1848.
Published every Wednesday Morning by
CHARLES H. ALLEN,
EDITOR AND FKOl'IlIETOll.
One X>ollar and Fifty Cents,
Invariably in Advance.
ADVERTISEMENTS, inserted at 75 cts. per
square of twelve lines for the first insertion, and
37 1 -2 cts. for each continuance. Those not having
the desired number of insertions marked
upon them, will be continued until ordered out
and charged accordingly.
< ?T-4 - m .ll- J rftiO 4Ut i 1 ? 1 ? ?r
hj jc.au <*yn i uiiou, 10 uo paid Dy llio Magistrate.
O* For announcing a Candidate, $2.00, in advance.
O" TKo Postage rauRt bo paid npon all letters
and communications to necure attention.
(written for the addevillu banner.)
Lieut. JTotin ' B. Morague.
Another brilliant star has set!
John 13. Moragne is no more !
H is patriotic blood has wet
The ioil of a sullen foe.
We mourn his death?yet we are proud,
His country's flag has been his shroud.
When the loud call was nrnmnflir
^ -- I l'"J
For Volunteers to quickly come,
Our youthful Warrior drew his blade
And stood beside the martial drum,
Willing to die in freedom's cause,
Regardless of the world's applause.
The stars and stripes 'neath which he gave
His heart's biuod on the battle field,
Shall float forever o'er his grave,
With this inscription?"never yield?
Defend your land, her rights maintain,"
If you are like our hero slain.
Columbia's sword will cease to sleep, j
When e'er her honor is at stake,
A r>/1 ....it: i "
^uiiiuuiis 01 iici suns win icap
To make the foes of freedom quake.
Men of all parties should unite,
And firm maintain their country's right
Did wc submit to every wrong,
Freedom would be an empty name ;
Our fathers' deeds might live in song,
But where, alas ! would be the flame ?
The}r kindled in cach faithful son
To guard the land of Washington.
Thft llllfflp's U'ilrl nn/1 llii-illin
v W ?? It<4 UUU Hi I 111 I 11^ UiaSL
The cannon's loud and deafning roar;
Our gallant hero's heard the last
Sad notes of war?he'il hear no more.
We mourn his death, yet we rejoice
That he obey'd his country's voice.
On memory's page his deeds shall live
Brighton the scroll of deathless fame;
Base is that heart that will not give
Due honor to his spotless name.
Now for the good and truly brave,
We rear this tribute o'er his grave.
(WRITTEN FOR TUE ABBEVILLE BANNER.)
Suggested by the reception of the following words,
beautifully embosomed in uccdlo-work?
"GOD IS LOVE."
An ancient poet well has said,
That God transformed Himself in love,
"When first He made this beauteous world i
And smiled ipon it from above.
Creation, then, His image wore ;
Bright mirror, where Himself was seen ;
And naught but bliss and joy appeared?
I 1~ U-1- I J.i ?
viis iuvujy uuiu rounu mis sneen.
But not to Eden's flow'ry walks
Where Eve and Adam lov'd to rove,
Does Inspiration point the thoughts
When man is told, that God is Love ;
Nor to the bliss that angels share.
Or, seraphs burning 'round the Throne ;
Nor to that which They enjoy,
Whose equal essence form but one.
God is Love?Calv'ry tells 'tis so!
Love I that come from Heaven on high ;
Love! that moved toward guilty man ;
Love 1 God was flesh to bleed?to Hif?.
'Tistrue : hero brightly does it shine
From first to last, that God is Love.
May I, and her who gave these words.
Be led by them to God above !
January 13 th. Clericus.
Mr. Butler, of South Carolina, in the
United States Senate, on the ,10th inst. pre
ented a memorial from the Chamber of
Charleston, praying the establishment of a
Branch Mint in that city.
Beak* have been killed in greater number*
in Michigan the past season than any
previous one. In Ionia County alone, up wards
of two hundred have been laid to the
laud, ? One Indian killed twelve in ono
From the National Whig.
ORIGIN OF "HALL COLUMBIA."
This, the most popular of all the national
songs of America, was written by the late
Judge Joseph Hopkinson, under the circumstances
related in the notice given below.
Joseph Hopkinson, son of Francis Hopkinson,
one of the signers of the Declaration
ol Independence, was born in Phil uklphia,
November 12, 1770. Ho was educated at
the University of Pennsylvania; studied
law with Judge Wilson and Mr. llawle;
and practiced with brilliant success in his
native city ; was twice elected to Congress
from Philadelphia, (1815 and 1817.) In
lo^o ne was appointed Juugcot tne Uistnct
Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania?this
beinar the same office which his
father held by Washington's appointment.
Judge Joseph Hopkinson remained in office
till Iiis decease, which took place June 15,
1842. He was the delight of the circle of
society in which he moved. ' His accomplished
mind," says Mr. Walsh, "observant
ofallthe events, chaiaclers, and opinions
of the day was- peculiarly qualified to delight,
besides instructing, in convivial intercourse,
by a strong relish for refined so.
ciety, a cheerful and vivacious spirit, and a
peculiar poignancy of remark and raciness
The following is Judge Hopkinson's own
account of ihc origin of ' Hail Columbia,"
written August 24, 1840. for the Wyoming
Band, at Wilkesbarre, at their desire.
This song was written in the summer
of 1798, when a war with France was
thought to be inevitable?Congress then
being in session in Philadelphia, deliberating
upon that important subject, and acts
of hostility having actually occured. The
contest between England and France was
raging, and the people of the United States
were divided into parties tor the one side or
4 I 4 t - I- ' I ' ? I ? 1 ' I
uie omer , some umiKing mui policy anu
duty required us to take part with republican
France, as she was called ; others were
for eonnccting ourselves with England, under
the belief that she was the great perservative
power of good principles and safe
government. The violation of our rights ;
by both belligerents was forcing us from
the just and wise poiicy of the President
Washington, which was to do equal justice j
to both; to take p ut with nei-her. but to
keep a strict and honest neutrality between
them. The prospect of a rupture with ,
France was exceedingly offensive to the
por.ion of people which espoused her cause, j
and the violence of the spirit of party has j
never risen higher, I think not so high, as
it did at that time, on that uuestion. The
theatre was then open in our city. A
voting mail belonging to it, whose talent
was as a singer, was about to take Ins ben
efit. I had known him when he was at
school. On this acquaintance, he called on
me on Saturday afternoon?his benefit b;;ing
announced for the following Monday.
He said he had no boxes taken, and his
prospect was, that he should sufler a loss instead
of receiving a benefit from the perf_
t .? .1 . .VI . _ I J .
lorrnance; oui mai u ne couiu get a patriotic
song adapted to the tunc of the President's
March, (then the popular air,) he
did not doubt of a full hou*e ; that the poets
of the theatrical corps had been trying to
accomplish it, but were satisfied that no
words could be composed to suit the march.
I told him 1 would try for him. He came
the next afternoon, and the song, such as it
was, was ready for him.
"It was announced on Monday morning,
and the theatre was crowded to excess, and
so continued night after night, for the rest
of the season?the somr bein<? encored and
repeated many times each night, the audience
joining in the chorus. It was also
sung at night in the streets by large assemblies
of citizens, including members of Congress.
The enthusiasm was general, and
the song was heard, I may say, in every
part of the United States.
"The object of the author was to get np
an American, spirit which should be independent
of and above the interest of passions,
and policy of both b:?ligerent.H, and look and
feel exclusively for our honor and our rights.
Not an allusion is made either to France or
England, or the quarrel between them, or
to which was the most in fault, in their
treatment of us. Of course the song found
favor with both parties; at lenst neither
could disavow the sentiment it inculcated.
It was truly American, and nothing else ,
and the patriotic feelings of every Ameri.
can heart responded to it. Such is the history
of this song, which has endured infinitely
beyond any expectation of the author
and beyond any merit it can boast of except
that of being truly and exclusively patriotic
in its sentiment and spirit."
An Odd Fellow.?"Oh, dear," exclaimed
an urchin who was chewing a green
" I've 8wallowed an odd-fellow !"
"Yes, be ia giring me the grip."
Standing Army.?The time was when
our countrymen seemed to have a whole
some horror of a standing army. But a
change has come over the spirit of their
dream. Their talk is now of war?and its
rlorics must be had at any pricc. The
President has called for additional troops !
Do the people know how much force the
President has already in the Held, and how
much more he has authority by law to call
into service ? Wc learn from the debates
on the Ten Regiment bill, that General
Scott has now in Mexico ovi r 30,000 men;
under the existing law, S,000 regulars ami
7,000 volunteers may be recruited to fill up
regiments now in the service;?and besides
these, there are troops from Michigan,
Arkansas and Alabama that have not yet
leached the scene of action, and are therefore
not included in the estimates. In a
word, there is power by law for over
GO 000 men. Bui the President asks for
80,000 more 20,000 volunteers and
10,000 regulars?making an aggregate of
over 90,000 men for our "Army of Occupation.1'
A word as to the costs and charges.
Mr. Crittenden says that the average cost
of officers and men is $10,000 each per
annum! The sum lotnl might be easily
figured up, if wc could only know how
long the war was to last! And all this is
wanted as Mr. Oass says, "to produce a
moral effect in Mexico!'' If all the whip,
ping the Mexicans have received has produced
no moral eflect on them, we fear
they will prove incorrigible by any other
We observe by the orders of the Generalin-Chief
received this morning that ' the
army is about to spread itself over and about
to occupy the Republic of Mexico, until the
latter shall sue for peace in terms acceptable
to the government of the United States!"
' m i . r . i_ . i _ i . . *
i mis luea 01 uie army ueing aooui 10 spread
itself over the Republic of Mexico m* ,
for aught we know, be very beautiful in the
expression ; but however the conception or
the phraseology may gracc a general onler,
we may rest assured that the act will not
cut a very respectable figure in the annals
of our hisiory. The plan proposed will result
in the utter extinction of the nationality
of Mexico, and will throw her. a dead carcass,
upon our hands. This may be a fine
game lor the President who dispenses the
patronage, and for the Generals who gain
the glory and hold the power; but it is lor
the country to reflect how much of damage
this standing army of nearly one hendred
.i i -ii ..I.: . i _ . n! - L.I
muusiiiKi men, win ummaieiy iniuci DOin
upon its resource and its liberties. The
beginning we may see, but the end?where
is it.?Charleston Evening News.
Tiie Public Domain.?The report of
the commissioners of the General Land
Office, submitted to Congress, shows that
(luring the year I84G, 2/273,730 acres of
the public lands were gold, amounting to
$2,004,037 ; and in the first, secondhand
third quarters of the present year, 1.830.024
acres have been sold, producing $2,336,342.
General Scott's next Movement.?
The Washington Union says:?4 It is be
lieved that General Scott was, at the last
advices, about to dispatch two columns to
the mining districts, to occupy two of the
richest mines witnin reach of the city?to
be supported by a common column."
TrorntES of the War.?The Washington
Union says:?"The War office has
received by the officers who have recently
arrived from Mexico, various trophies of the
war. Among them, are two small beautiful
brass wall pieces of ordnance, sent by Gen.
Scott, and brought to this city by Colonel
Andrews. The most curious of these tro
phies is the black flag of the guerrilleros.
The material is bombazette. The ornaments
and letters in the centre nnon the rp.d
ground, are worked with green silk upon
black cloth pieces, except the squares which
are worked with white. But the most remarkable
is a small penanton the top, made
of black, 21 inches by 11 3-4 with various
military ornaments. On the lop and bottom
arc a death's head and cross bones.
In the centre, these ominous words,?
44 No doi cuarlel P* Give no Q,uartek.
Thisstaflfand flag was taken at La Mira
Floros, on the 13th of August, 1847 from
the Guerrilleros who attacked Lieutenant
"Avowed Traitors."?A Whig paper,
the New-Bedford Mercury, uttered the fol
lowing truthful sentiment at the commence- (
ment of the war:
"A citizen who in war time seeks to depress
the spirits of his countrymen, and refuses
to lend a helping hand (o his country
because the government has done wrong, is
in our opinion little better that an avowed
There is a proposition before Congress
to restore the law allowing newspapers to
go free of portage within thirty milo*. j
Tun American Standaud.?In the London
Chronicle cf July, 1774, the then American
standard was thus described :
The colors of the American fleet have a
snake with thirteen rattles, the fourteenth
budding, described in the attitude of going
10 strike, with his tnotto, "Don't tread on
me." It is a rule in heraldry that the worthy
properties ol the animal in the crest
borne shall be considered, and the base ones
cannotbe intended. The ancients account
a snake or serpent as an emblem of wisdom
and, in certain uttitu les. of endless duration. I
The rattlesnake is properly a representative
of America, as this animal is found in no
other part of the world. The eye of this
creature excels in brightness that of any other
animal. She has no eyelids and is
therefore an emblem of vigilance. She nevpr
begins an attak nor ever surrenders; she
is therefore an emblem of magnanimity and
true courage. When injured or in danger
of being injured, she never wounds til I she
has given notice to her enemies of their dani,r*r
. - |
No other ot her kind shows so much generosity.
When undisturbed and in peace
she does not appear to be furnished with
weapons of any kind. They are latent in
the roof of her mouth; and even when extended
for her defence appear, to those unacquainted
with her, to be weak and contemptible;
yet her wounds, however small, are
decisive and fatal. She is solitary, and associates
with her kind only when it is necessary
for their preservation. Her poison is
at once the necessary means of digesting
her food and certain destruction to her enemies.
The power of fascination, attributed
to her by a generous construction, resembles
America. Those who lo ;ks steadily on her
are dilightcd and involuntarily advance towards
her, and having once approached never
leave her. She is frequently found with
thirteen rattles and they increase yearly. She
j is beantiful in youth and in age. Iler tongue
is blue, and forked as the li<rhtenin<r.
How Pat taught his brother soldiku
Spanish.?4 Now you see, my honey, this
spiking o' Spanish is jist the aisest thing intirely,
especially if you have a good knowledge
of your a in mither's tongue. We see
yer only 10 stick on the tail of each word an
O, to make the illignatest Spanish in the
world. Fast, it bothered mfsel, until I got
to know the like, and now I've no trouble
at all at ail. Now jist step in here wid me,
an' see how aisy it is."
Stepping into a hat shop, Pat gave the at
iriiuuiit iUU lllliiiai jr aaiuic? IIIJ
snrvice to yer honor'
' Baeuosdias, senor,' replied the shopman
u Have you any hallos," mildly inquired
u No eniiendo, senor." waa the answer.
" Divil a bit does the man understand
his own tongue?I say sir, hablas Espagnoi
" Si scnor."
u Will, thin have you any of these hallos
"No entiendo inglis, senor.'
"Ah,you don't understand English,is it?
O, the poor ignorant craihur, I must try him
again. I say, misther, hablas Espagnoi!
" Si senor."
"Si and be d d till ye. Have you
any of these hottosl'and taking off his weatherbeaten
palm leaf, shuolc it in the face of
"Ah, si, senor?somebrero !"
" I ax your pardon?sombrero, is it ?
| It's me that didn't understand my ain
inither's tongue?and the more ?hamc for
Average length of human life in Mexico
is onlv fifteen vears. which r.ircnmctnnr*#?
alone is sufficient tn show the vast difference
existing between the moral and physical
condition of that people and our own.
Tiif. Difficulties in tug Army?The
Washington correspondent of the Baltimore
Sun maks the following statements, in the
truth of which he says the ipost iinplicit'rcliance
may be placed :
" 1st. That all the difficulties between
Gens. Scott and Worth will be submitted to
a Court ol Inquiry, to be held in Mexico.?
Both officers will be relieved Irom command
and duty for this purpose.
14 2d Gen Pillow nnd Col Dtjncan will be
brought before a Court Martial. Thpan nr#?
" It may be that Gen. Taylor will bo put
over Mexico, as Commnnder-in-Chief of the
Army, and having civil powers confided to
Plating cards are so much sought after
in Russia, that the Imperial Factory of Su
Petersburgh finds sale for 14,400 packs
which it produces daily, or 5,266,000 a
A letter before us from an intelligent
gentleman, who has resided a great length
of time in Mexico, dated Vera Cruz, December
27, 1347. contains the following
That the intelligent nnd onulent nnrt of
the people want and are anxious for peace,
there cannot be a doubt; but even thesa
would prefer remaining under the institutions
of the United States. Very naturally,
do they wish it, for they would lose no country,
but exchange that which cannot be
called a government for one of law and
Such is the tenor of almost every letter
written from Mexico, that we have seen,
and such is the substance of what almost
every one returned from Mexico says about :
the better classes of people of that ill ordered
country. So uniform are our advices, oral
and written, in this regard, that ive are led
to believe, that there is a growing party in
Mexico who bfgin to seethe light of better
days breaking through the smoke of battle.
?And this party is composed of white peonlt?
of tnpii r?f MmvMYHrl tilnnrl wlin
gro.ined beneath thr oppression of hybrid
governors and the rapacity of negro generals.
That persons who have felt the existence
of a government only through its exaction?,
and a military organization only
by its extortions, should welcome the rule
of a people who show mercy in the midst
of carnage, is to be wondered at; nnd it is
only a dread of the cousequ ?nces of a return
to power of the horde of vultures who have
preyed upon the vitals of the State, that deters
them lrntn an open avowal of their
opinions.?N. O. Dtlla.
Have Courage.?Have the courage io
confess ignorance whenever, or in regard to
whatever subject, you really are uninformed.
Have the courage to treat difficulties as
you would noxious weeds?attack them as
suon as seen. Nothing grows near so
Hnvo the course to meet creditors. You
must be a gainer by the interview, even if
you learn the worst. We are our own deceivers.
Have the couriire to own that vou are
poor, and, if you can, laugh at your poverty,
bvsodoing you disarm enemies, and deceive
noboJy. You avoid many dilliculties, bitterness,
and besides there are a people who
make the same acknowledgement as a pretext
for meannf ss.
Have the courage to be silent when a fool
prates; he will cea;e the sooner; besides,
what can he or you gain by prolonging the
Have the courage to receive a poor relalion
openly and kindly. His shabby appearance,
even his ignorance, will appear to
your advantage; for the mind is prone to
draw comparisons. We have nothing to bo
ashamed of but our own errors.
Have ihe courage to carry a cheap umbrella
; you will discover why when you
Have the courage to subscribe for a newspaper,
and not depend upon borrowing your
neighbor's?but, above all, have the courage
to PAY for it.
Tiie Hindoo Girl.?The f illowing interesting
fact 'vas stated in a recent lecture by
" At the present day, the uneducated Hin?
doo girl, by the usp of her hands simply,
could surpass the delicacy and fineness of texture,
of productions of the most perfect machinery,
in the manufacture of cotton and
muslin cloths. In England, cotton has been
spun so fine that it would require a thread
490 miles in length to weigh a pound?but
the Hindoo girl and by her hands, constructed
a thread which would require to be extended
1,000 miles to weigh a pound; and
the Deccale muslins of her manufacture,
when spread on the ground and covered
with dew, are no longer visible."
"O-yes! O-yes! O-yes?Wanted Foua
Wives !"?The following curious circum*
stance occurred at Cherbourg a few days a*
go. The town crier, bentinghis drum,went
through the town, proclaiming the follotfing
notice:?Notice to the girls! Four
young carpenters, who have arrived from
Havre, ami are employed at the military
port, here their names and ages were given,
being tired of living a single life, wisfe to get
married. To sue them, apj5ly at M: Siori^
inkeeper, Rue de Chantier." Two of.ihp
would-be bu*bands accompanied the dram*
me'ywno, in snowing mem 10 me crowd,
cried, " H?*re, yuung ladies, 1*3 a specimen
of the young men who want to get* n&iried
Nashville Whig says?" We go for
keeping,tl,e wh?le tfwper. California^
New Mexico, nt all hazirds. WtiniBwK
think' the people of the United
ever consentrhor dojwe believe they ought
to consent, tocestora these province#;
- ' H Uy