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. * lauuNiinl cv.'r\i Silurday Morning by
CHARLES II. ALLEN,
BDITOR AND PUOI'KtETQgfe-^
I One : Dollar and Fifty cent**1
g&.': Invariably in Advance, |
ADVERTlSKlMliNTiS, inserted at 75 els. por
square of twelvo lilies for the first insertion, and
37 1-2 els. for cuch continuance. Tlioso not ha.i.
viug tlie desired number of insertions marked
upon tlicm, will bo coiitiuucd until ordered out
r-%1 ? and charged accordingly.
iHP E-Urays Tolled, 5$2.UU, to be paid by tho Ma
SL/* For announcing a Candidate, ?2.00, iu advance.
J: (E?" Tho Postage must bo paid upon uU'loltcrs
?. and communications to securo attention.
p|<. - ^ " gis ag'gaffi.
The circumstanccs which induced the writing
of. the following most touching and thrilling lilies
\ . ujo u.? follows:?A young lady of Now York was
in the hub'.t of'writing for the Philadelphia Ledger
j}'. '? "on the subject of Temperance. Her writing was;
so full of pathos, uudeViaccdiiidi Jcik *mrtiinn of I
Aud (he^l woild'n |tioiui norn?
jCjtj* 'i'ilfH ct fFr on from year to year?
Thy svitil r.-lk-f t!?o scorch'.njj tear.
1"a. <?oh.npi l where I have knelt,
*' bea?cccli uuU pray?
|p Strive the besotted heart to melt,
FJgr *-???!.-v. iu riu; ,
g>?' I)o clushml Willi bitter curse aside,
YLeaver bsirlcwjnoc!- vcjir tears defied.
?o weep where I have wept
jjo&? O'er a Iiiveil father's fall,
Sue every promised blessing swept?
m.' Yoiuh'a sweetness turned to gal!? j
Lite's rM-'V'/ff flowers stre wed all ilio way?
That bruiig!:i. wojimus day.
Go pcc what I have at'cil, .
_ Behold the stron'g'man bowed?'
' Willi guasjimg Ucth?<ip. bathed iri bl^lj~^^..
i. ; ?r? ry?ritr-urcw"; "
Go catch hirt witheringglance, and sort ' |
' Thore minor-d, his soma misery. . ' '
. lJu;ir'my-riUhorV^?dej - '
r And her crush'd bosom cheer, '
IfeV^- Thine own deep anguish hide;
kSSi'..'*' Wipe from hor cheek the hitter tear;
Murk her worm frame and withered brow? '
Tho gray that htreaks her dark hair now?
\ Willi fading frame and trembling limb ;
And tracc tho ruin hack to him
v Whoso plighted faith, in early youth
PI'roini.sod eternal lovo, and truth,
K.'v; Hut who forsworn, hath yielded up
'i'hat promise to tho cursed cup;
And led her down through love and light ,
And all that made her prospects bright;
B?v c',am ^ ',er there, 'in.d want and strife?
Mr'.; That lowly thing a drunkard's wife?
And stmnp'd on childhoods brow so mild,
That withering blight the druukard'tichild.
Go hear, and feel, and .see, and know,
All tliat Mr houi* hath felt and known ;
fT\ Then look upon the wiuc cup's glow,
See if its beauty can alone?
I Think if its flavor you will try !
?, . When all proclaim, 'lis drink atid die!
gp.-? Tell me I HATE the bowl?
Hate is a feeble word,
I loathe?ABHOR?mv verv boi-l
With btho.no disgust is htjrr'jj
When e'er I sfco, or hear, or tell,
Of the dark BEVERAGE of HELL
B, 1 'iTl/st FItXMI EUROBE.
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP EUROPA
Fj om the Ball. Sun, 1 si insl.
Pv "ft ELECTION OP
K' ""i?/ loiiiia Napoleon*-Flight of
^ TI1E PQPE. . . , .
r' The Steamer Europa arrived at her wliarJ
tS:, yes-ttfrdiiy afternoon, after a passage of fif.
j|b tcun duys, from Liverpool, whence she sailjk
ed on the 10th ult. We received the fo!lowing
dispatch lust evening from our correspondent
at New York:
dent ot Fraice, ami Paris is tranquil on tli'i
Tho returns from the ejection continue to
^Ome'Up favorable to fti?^ectiou o.f Prinm?
Leais Napoleon to the Presidency. lie
proposes to raise Gen. Gavnignac to tho position
of Marshal of Franco. -,i,
A general amnesty is spoken of as likely i
to be pr?3gcnted to the Assembly' either bv
(Javaignac or the ministry of President Bonaparte.
It seems to he undestood thlit it
will not include the prisoners of Yincennes.
The intention ol promoting the election
of M. Dufauvre to the Presidency of the
National Assembly, is revived, Tand will
probably be carried into cfloct
Marshal Bugeaud made his first appearance
in the Assembly to-day, and was received
in the Salto des Pasperdushy by Mr
Thiers and M. Mole. A great number of
members of the Assembly have to-day left
their cards at the Hotel of Prince Loui?.
The Proclamation of the election of President
will be issued about the SOth,^ The
^incompletereturns of the yote.stoVd )n the
following proportionLonis Nopolein 66
THE^t EVOLUTION IN' BOME. *
The Revolution in Rome has terminated
in the Ilighlol the Pope and t ho heads* of
the Roman Catholic Church. Ono of (he
most popular princes that has ever ascended
the l'apal throne is now an exile and
The Pope appears after the. scenes last
described, to have remained a prisoner in
Ins palace, protected from personal violence
by the French Ambassador.
The Pojie, in fleeing from Rome, look refuge
at Naples refusing to co to France,
f ie has signed a protest, declaring all the
late acts void.
This country continues in a state of tranquility.
Lord Clare<Jon has been familiarly received
on his return to the Vice Regtl
r 'I'kV i -r?c.i.---.
WWUL'?T# J usual UUUU'33 Ul LUIlliUl.ltCK
wa- voicq/'iiccoinnanied with u recommendation
ofr?m6v;Vl of ihe grievances under
wiw'^ the country Inborn. 'He utterly disr?..
riesjnrn nn jhn nail nl'lliw tl:i- .
rernmciit t<? eiirotn siT:ing
Alarming riots took place Mert'?c* 9"
ihe 4th of Dec., and the town was 'n ,
bands of the populace on the 5th For ??
hours great excesses took place.
The Emperor of Austria h:is abdicated
in favor of his nephew, with a new minis- 1
The President has published an adilress
declaring the policy of (he new President, <
and pledges to maintain the liberty of tin;
The military exec llions for political of- i
The Cholera is raging fearfully at Fresbuagh.
THE REMNANT OF INDIANS IN
There vet remain, it seems, a small num
ber of Cherokee Indian? in North Carolina,
settled in Haywood county," among the
Alleghany mountains, in n r^istricr caflTe3^'"
Qualla Town, full' of large forests abounding
in game, with fertile slopes and valleys,
and numerous streams abounding in fish.
There were eight 'hundred of them, and
with them also reside a hundred Catawba
Indians. A letter published in thtj National
Intelligence says that since the removal of
the.Cherokee tribe to the west of the Mississippi
it has gradually decreased in num
bers, while those who remained behind in
North Carolina have grown more numerous,
at thu rate of four per cent annuaHy.
The Indians at Qualla Town, according to
this writer, are divided into seven clans,
each of whom has its separate town and
over each a chief presides. There is a
custom which prevents the members of any
clan from marrying among themselves, so
that they are obliged to take lh.eir wires
from some other clan. The author of the
Jj?U$r,'$ayj^of their state of civilization :?
? ^J^t^jrep;fouths, of the entire popularttfjbrfty';
of them u infer.stand
Jgttajwb, a very lew can speatc the jungungc.
iTn?jf practice to itfonslderabfe-extent, the
^ctynfee of agriculture, and have acqtttftfff"
8Qch a knowledge of .the mechnic arts as
^answers them for all ordinary purposes,
iWT'they manufacture their own clothing,
theifown plows, and other fanning utenfils,
their own axe* and eveo their own guns.
'I'heir women nfo'^o^ Jong^'slaves
but a8 eqvmig<^"Q menN*?0r in'tln^
field, audtb^flrwi ves are domed entirely
to^Jidiiisehold employments/ '/'bey' Icccp
the same domestic animu? tlint aro kept
by their white neighbors, ynd cultivate all
the common grains of til/country. They
are probably as tempo/ate as any oilier
class of people on they faco of the earth,
honest in their busiiv/s intercourse, moral
in their thoughts, wot/Is and deeds, and distinguished
lor their ftuihfuhicss in performing
the duties of religion.
They are chiefly Methodists and Baptists,
and have regularly ordained ministers, who
n I'd ?* r? ll Ia ?. < rt 1
; |/|VUUM IV ttlWill Ull UVUI ^ UU UUiHIIj UIIU llli'.y
have also abandoned many of tlieirmoro
senseless superstitions. They huve their
own courts, and try their crinrjinuls by a
regular-jury. Their judges anji lawyers/
nro chosen from among themselvjsg. They
keep ib order the public roads leading
through tti'eir settlement. By h law of tM>
State theyHhrivethe right to vot<i, bat seldo^i
exercise that righl, as they, do! notj^ike tee
idea of being induntified. wit^ a xifcqjdc
cttndid* ' ^a^ ^
u I ways acted upon the opinioff\wlue mrj i
man could.not bo educated inter I r<5asortable
being." + ' 7 ;
The writer attended their re igioua worshipon
Sunday, of which ho f. V'estliefollowing
account:? ' vi,
" Wr reached the rude but sM.cious log
.meeting house about eleven o'clock. The
first hour was devoted to instricting the
children from a Cherokre Catt fiisin, an;l
the Chiefs of the several clans w< re the officiating
teachers- At twelve o'cfeck, a congregation
of -some one Imndrw and fifty
souls was collected, a large pi (portion of
whom were women, who were as neatly
dressed as could ho desired, wilt ;idy calico
gowns, and fancy handkerchief tied over
their heads. The deportment <f all present
was as circumspect and solemn^as I havo
ever witnessed in any New Kn'gland relig^oTiKT5scTnrmy7^-?Trfnn^i^ri;*?Wtoi^-nuL:.
lad they all (ell upon their knee's, and in
singing all but the concluding hymn they
retained their seats. Th' ir form of worship
was according to tho Methodist custom,
in their singing their was a wild and
pl?iu!rtvc jweemess wnicn was very impressive.
'jTho Women rind children, as
well as the men, p,:.'UC!.u:,tcd l'lis portion
of the ceremony, and soi."}e '?roale
voices reminded me ofthe cdrn?Jhi? ?1 ^irds.
They sung four hymns, throe praye.".? w".*-ro
offered byscvejal individuals, and two set'.- '
inous or exhortations were delivered. The
prayers were short and pointed, and as the
shot (est might be considered a lair specimen
of the other?, I will transcribe it for
the edification of my readers.:;^-^. t
"Almighty Lord, whp art the ^jviher of
the world look down from .*b^v^^pii this
congregation. Bless thVlndifins, and supply
them with alt tho'Hfbo'd a tVd^totlun# thev
may want; bless also tfw'menj'ftfid.
give them every thing ihe^maWneedfc/ Aid
all, O I^rd, |n^ a}t
this young white^hwi V^o h^^J^f^ Jhir
Indian meeting. Protect; his
travels, and go wtih himftoi hisi^ifer^onje
for we know by hi8^kida%^ttl?dir^
friend to the poor, ignofani^^tl^ln^uted
Indians. Amen 1'?
Prom the Petersburg^d.yjS^t^^an. .
EXECUTION OF Wm.^15;-^'PES.
On Friday Iajt, December 22nd, in pursuance
of the sentence passed by the Hon.
Judge Nasii, William Danbridga Epes
suffered the penalty of the Iaw? for the
crime of murder, perpetrated on the body
of Francis Adolphus Muir, Esq, on the 2d
day of February, 1846. <>'
At about 2(J minutes to 1 o'clock, the
prisoner accompanied by the Rev. Messrs.
Hargrave and Withers, left the ja)l. The
prisoner *vaa dressed in his gray? clothes,
(all white,) and with the exc^iopof pa Jewess
produced by eonficen^^^^^ reand-efep
firm. Arri ved. ait
lected, closing with a 'piriaj^^^Wi'iatelo
The prisoner then mounU^^t^i)fl and
in a clear, audible voice/sajmiwating no
signs of emotion, marie the following ie eiurks:?
GcatlemWli&\i was not my object to
have any thing to any on the present okcfa:
sion, but as it limy rio good I have determined
to say something. I have been
charged with the murdtir ofa hog-drover?
I have been charged with the murder of
my mother-in.law?I have been charged
with the murder of my son?and L have
been charged with the"*iflurder of my own
Sfirv.uit Lilt rrnnl1n?n.?n ?ll
_ , Q>...>iuui?ii| mi uicau cirirgus
arc false?all false. Would to God that I
could say as much of that other charge.
But of that 1 am guiliy. I murdered
Francis Adolphus Muir, I murdered him.
He fell by my hand. 1 have regretted the
oct over since it was committed?it has
been before my eyes ever since. I have
the gratifipation to state that I believe he is
in heaven, and I trust I may meet him there.
In his dying moments he said hn hrmnil tr?
meet me ihcre. I hopo I shall meet him
there, for 1 trust in God's promises.
"Gemleuien-7?I have eeen; bettor days,
and many of you knovv it. Bui when ihe
iung by ihe vast assembly in adYstifcle
ha!in6?y- TI?*' b ? n ? d i c t io n e was
. pronounced; and the'faiiewefls were spoken
by the Rev. gentlemen, and many othera
Collected around, to nil of whom the,criminal
gave' aa audible ttgobd bye." He then
"turned tethe crowed, "good-bya-to,-you all, L
hope to meet you ail in heaven " .
The .Sheriff then. proceeded in the perfortnafice.of
tlie duties of his office. While
tho preliminaries'were arranging, the criminal
displayed the name fortitude that he
had shown throughout the trial, and at the
pronunciatidtt-of the sentence. While the
bandage was being tied over'-his^eyes he
" Ashes to ashes, dust to dust,"
and all things being ready, .the carl was
moved, and immediately the soul of William
Datidridge Epes wjm in the "presence of?itsv
Creator an^it?"Judge. He died almost
w ithout A struggle.
Aiier uio expTratiot) oi an near ins crony
was cut dopm, when the neck was found to
have been broken. The body was laid in
a cotlin, furnished by the relatives of the de*A
ceased, and deposited in the jail of Dinwiddie,
to be the next day removed to the residence
of his brother in Nottoway county.
Wonderful Discovery.?The Boston
Atlas contains an interesting cofnmunica
lion from a corre?ponndent in the copper
mine region of Lake. Superior, ll details
sjme remarkable discoveries which have
bec?? recently made a few milcsinterior Irom
the mouihei'lho Ontonagon river:
" A large jwss of native copper, the
weight estimated at spverf ton?, was found
in the loose ground. A vast amount ot labor
hud been expended upon it. J3*ery
inch of it had been battered and hammei'pd
over, and attempts had been made to prize
it up, and place it on a platform. All this
Was} the labor of a generation of beings
long' since passed away. There is too
inucb skill.manifested' for the- present race
of Indians?, and yet the wordings are too anto.
be - those of white, mon.' Many
loa^s bf rude stone hammera are found burjetTa
few feet betow the surface.- Theyar*
ao.dWndant, that: in stoning up a cellar it
wd'?- found more convenient to use them
tbart to throw them out. Hemlock trees,
two feet in diameter, and upon examination
two and three hundred years old, are growing
over the workings, and have to be felled,
to enable the miners to excavate the
earth. Remains of charred wedges, and
levers and copper gads,are found under these
trees and under the principal mass. These
ancient workings cnn be traced for more
than half a mile through the forest, and an
expenditure of $50,000 at this tune would
not pay for the accomplishment of a like amount
of labor. Their great antiquity
would seem to carry us back to other tribes.
\7 ? ' 4 !. _ A. ! _!L 1. <UM4 tkn rtfttan*! VM
x tu ii is nui lTnpnssiiHe mm mc jiicaiici. ahdians
may be the descendants of those who
The Mother . 1
copy from Mi|f*?ilfel'9 Memoirs of the Womenofjh^iFPevolution,
tbe following sketch
jtgg^p&cpuntry effort abundant "examples
(br.iflda^whb hav^'ottained its bigfrpst eminence,
ascribing aU.to cuvly maternal in7fluence
and training. For the mother of
rftSlrW^^Ifrv. that great man?the pride
and holror of his country, has ever professed
feelingte^Lorofpund affection and *ene
* ' > I ^ >" '
I was what expresses tho perfection of a fcI
male character, an excellent mother. ?|3h?
was llio youngest of two daughtors, who
wore.the only children of Gieofge and Elizabeth
Hudson, Iler name Was also Eiiznbcrh;
she was born in the courit^ of Hanover,in
Virginia. 17C0. ' Her education was
such as attainable at that period in the colony.
In her fifteenth year she was married
to John Clay, a preacher of the Baptist
denomination, and became tho mother of
eight children. Mr. Clay died during tho
war ? ( the I Involution.
"""Sifine years nfutnvards Mrs. Clay contracted
a second marriage with Henry Watkins,
and in coursc of time eight children
more were added to her family. The cures
devolving upon her in the charge ofsomany
children, and the superintendence of domestic
concerns, of course occupied her time
to the exclusion of participation in matters
of public interest.
Her son Harry was separated from her
when only thirteen years of age, having .
before that period been occasionally absent
from home for months iu going to school. .
In 179:2 his stepfather removed with his
mnthnr nrtrl familfr PrAin U 1 ?
"""iir"\ : ""i" iiiniuiti tuuniy
j?fi'-^0 jj'^C.Tn^? ^jV-ng
of whom thi're are bui four remaining, two !by
the first and two by the last marriage.
/signatutte of the Cross.?The mark
which persons who are unable to write are
required to make instead of their signature
is the form of a cross ; and this practice
having formerly been followed by king and
nobles, is constantly referred to as an in- ' i
stance of the deplorable ignorance and
superstition of ancient times. This
signature ia not. however, invariably a
proof of such ignorance. Anciently, the
use of this mark was not conlined to illiterate
persons, for amongst the Saxons, tho
mark of the cross, as an attestation of the
good faun ol tne person signing, was required
to be attached to the signature of
those who could write. In those times, if
a nian could write, or even read, his knowledge
was considered proof presumptive
that he .was in holy orders. The clericus,
oi^jelerk, wa8 $ynoniraous with penman ;
and tlie laity, or peojtfo Who w'crenct clerks*
not feel any urgent necessity.To/the use
ofleiterw?-Thuwuiwi < .? > -iiyArj.-. r ^
therefore, universal!, alike by those who
,cou!d and those who could not write; it
was, indeed, the symbol of an oath, from its
holy associations, and, generally, the mark.
On thisaccount the ingenious cditorof"The
Pictorial Shakespeare" explains the expres- sion
of" God save the mark !" as a form of
ejaculation approaching tno charnclcr of an
oath. This phrase occurs three or more
times in the plays of Shakspcare, hut hitherto
it had been left by the commentators in
its original obscurity.
Greece.?Many of our readers rcmem
ber the great excitcment in this country,
fnr lhi> indi'ncrwlence of Orenec. what monc.i'
was raised, by) Is and dinners given; vessels
sent with arms, grain, and provisions?
every man who had read Xenophon at
school, went for the liberty of Greece, presuming
that other Xenophons and Epamenondasi's
would ngain arise. Well,
Greece became free, but it was not Greece
of old, and the court! ry settled down under
a Bavarian King, not quite as respectable
ttnd powerful as the n?w Republic ot Liberia.
The last news is that a Ministry had
been formed, with Canaris at its hcaif, said
to be the creatures of the court. A fire toolc
place recently at Athens, in a small grogshop,
and to prevent its spreading the people
tore down the adjoining honses^ as there
welre but two fire engines iu Athens! Think
of the glo.iy of Athens?its Parthenon, its
Temple of Jupiter," ita Areopagus, its orators
warriors, ueets ana navies?onjy iwo engines
in thepluce! There are changes in*
deed in the old world.'?N. Y. Sldr.
Recovered Lake.?A singular accident:
occurred on the Michigan Railway. -Itbef
came necessary to carry a grading or emliankmpnl
nffitlcftn f?i?l hiirll uCroSS a low
peice of ground, containing about 100 acres,
neailv dry enough for plow land. When
they had poogressed with the. grading for
distance, it became too heavy for the soil to