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The Abbeville banner. (Abbeville, S.C.) 1847-1869, January 14, 1858, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85026945/1858-01-14/ed-1/seq-4/

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-ARLT COINS Of AMX1U0A.
j an intoroalinfjf pnpcr rcH'l by J. II
.ckcox, K?q., beforw the Albntiy Institut
Iitnl week, upon " Tho Early Coins of Amer
en," we mnko the following extracts :
In 1748, Sir Alex. Gumming presented
inemorial to Parliament, in which ho pre
posed, that in order to preserve tlio deper
dcney of the British plantations in Aineric
on Great Britain, the current specie of Grca
Britain should be raado the curreut lawfi
money of the said plantations, and tlu
?200,000 sterling be coined in the Tower fc
that purpose, which sum was to be made th
foundation of a provincial bank for th
British plantations in America, in order t
abolish the paper currency of Now Englan
and Carolina. The proposition was nc
adopted.
A coin which it is believed was never i
circulation, and of which copies in whit
meini are occasionally tunnel, was issued 1
1770. Description : An inch anil a half i
diameter. Obverse : a rising nun, shiniti
on a dial, and the motto, " Mind your busi
ne?s" beneath. In a ring near tho edge?
Continental Currency, 1770?and in anotl
?r ring within this, the word "Kngio." lit
verse :-thirteen small rings, with the name
of tho Slates; on a ring within thcs<
"American Congress," and in tho cenlrt
" We arc one."
During the Confederation, from 1778 t
1787, the law intrusted tlie right ofcoinin
money to the individual States as to th
General Government. The right was exei
cisod to a considerable exti:nl by the
and a variety of coins was the result. Ne\
York, New Jersy, Connecticut, Vermoii
and Massachusetts issued coins. Most c
them were of the cent denomination. 1
Doubloon (gold) was coined in New Yorl
in 1787, which is of great rarity?only on
copy, I think, in existence, and that in th
United States Mint. I have impressions c
this coin in wax and plaster, kindly give
ine by the late George Newton. The coin
of Massachusetts and Vermont bore a variet
of devices. TIib " Vnvn nnnclallpitn" r\f 1
stars, and another piece with the same num
bcr of rings, were coined in Massachusetts
Frobably many of the cents bearing th
bust of Washington and the date of 178J
as well as those of the same device, but wit!
out a date, were put forth at the tiino
Another coinage was made during thi
period. It consisted of the shilling, sixpcnc
and threepence of "J. Chalmers, Annapolis,
1783. They are now rare.
The Coustitution of 1787 put an end t
all these State issuer, and the authorities sc
about to devise a national coinage, W|i!l
they were deliberating, Mr. John Harper, c
non,l /1!ao ' <-? ?
V(?U3VU v* IV/O u\j UC Cil^l rt V UL
These dies are said to have been execute
by a Gorman, except the lettering, whic
Mr. II. probably performed himself. Judg
DeSausstire, of South Carolina, is claime
to have suggested the head of Washingto
as a device. I have seen an extract of a lc
ter from L. Vanuxen to Dr. Lswis C. Becl
dated Sept. 28, 1846, in which he says"Judge
DeSaussure, of S. C., told me ho ws
Ihe first director of the mint, and had th
' head of Washington put upon the first cent
that were coined." From these dies all th
Washington cents were struck; and wer
manufactured in the cellar of Mr. Ilurper
bouse, in Chestnut-street Fbiladelpbia.Those
of 1702 were struck on a press in a
old coach house in the same street.
The following is a description of th
cent:?Obverse?A bust of Washingloi
with the circular inscrintion. Washino-to
I ? o
President, and below 1791: on the reven
it the American Eagle, with arrows in on
claw, a leafy'branch in the other and a scro
isaticing from his mouth, and supported o
the shoulders with the inscription, "Unui
E Pluribua"?"United States of America
on the edge, and "one cent" on the reverst
This is a likeness of one of the dtsigvfyThere
are three varieties which were ui
questionably coined at the period indicate
by their dates, and hence one and two yeai
previous to the issue of the first adopted co[
per coinage.
The second issuoof 1791 has the samool
erse, except the date is wanting. On tli
reverse the mode! of the eaglu is changec
Stars are substituted for the motto?a scro
and the year, which, in tho lirst specrmei
is placed below tha bust, is transferred t
the opposite side.
The Cent of 1792 is distinguished by ii
increased diauieter. The bust is enlarge
and under it 1792. The inscription is, (
Washington, President I. The eagle o
the reverse is much larger but of a simih
model. The words " One Cent" do not aj
pear on this specimen. A few of tbes
were struck in silver and are known as tli
Washington Half Dollar. More than t\v
- r' hundred copies of these three issues wei
stamped. The dies were disapproved of an
rejected by both Washington and Congres
?they were destroyed aud the pieces will
drawn. ,
PnniiiAa ?'? ?- - '
* uitio uwiii irgumrijr coinca I
the United States Mint from the year .1701
exeept in the year 1815. In proof of- th
' rl;**9 Heybert't Statisical Annals, p. 549,. an
. 4 the American Almanac, 1838;'p. 186. Tl;
value of copper coinage of 181 3jm$^1 81
T*as quite small, amounting in 1813 to $4
>tft and in 1814 to :;If thei
were no half cents in these, their nijratx
^Mld stand 418,000?857,000.880. I
etWr years, the issqe, reached a million an
sometimea two millions. Soybert wrol
' from official[ documents and must be relie
-^pon; hence if Wrinc th
Talbot, Allen ?k Lee, proruied n hirgequan^
tity of coppcr coin# to be struck it^ Winningc
hnm, England, which they imported and
'* attempted to put into circulation, but were
prevented before they had succeeded to any
R great extent, by tho interference of the municipal
authorities. These tokens are of
'* considerable rarity.
a It may not be out of place here to spoak
l* of the coins of tho mint of Mr. C. Bechtler.
'' This mint is located at Rutherford ton, N. C.,
and commenced operations in 1831. The
>r i_._ i. .t ?
| v;uiiia uirvuiniu ijiuuu ueiy III IIIC *>OUtU and
? I West. There are two scries : the first bear?
ing 110 date, but issued earlier than 1834?
? of the denomination of $5, $2 1-2, and $1.
^ These are scarce. The second series bears
^ the date of 1834. The standards were then
reduced. The twenty carat pieces were
n stamped North Carolina gold, tho twenty
e one carat Carolina gold, and the twenty two
n carat Georgia guld. The goldwas probably
n all raised in North Carolina. Tho amount
5 of Mr. Beclitier's coinage in 1840 was
stated at 82,241,840.
Docs One's Style of \\ritlkin(/ Indicate his
Character ??Fowler says that those whose
motions aro awkward yet easy posse-s
, much efficiency and positiveness of charac,
ter, yet lack polish; and just in proportion as
tlicy become refined in mind will their
Q mode of carriage correspondingly improve.
? A short and cinick step indicates a brisk '
3 ami active, out lather contracted in: J.
e '
whereas those who take long steps, generally
have long heads; yet if their steps be
v slow, they will make comparatively little
progress, while those whose step is long
r and ijtiick, will accomplish proportionately
^ much, and pass most of tlicir compettors
l_ on the highway of life. Their heads and j
plans, too, will partake of tiie same far
reaching character evinced in their carriage
^ Those who sluf or draw their heels, drag |
(i and drawl in everything; while those who j
walk with a springing, bounding frtcp,
abound in a mental snap and spring. Those
. whose walk is minemjr, effected and
3 .
artificial, rarely, if ever, accomplish much;
whereas those who walk carelessly, that is,
naturally, arc juBt what they appear to bc?
t and put on nothing for outside show.
Those who in walking, roll from sido to
side, lack directness of character, and side
every way, according to circumstances;
whereas those who take a bee lino?that is,
e
? whose body moves neither to the right nor
left, but strait forward?have a corresponding
directness of purpose, and oneness of
^ ch;?n?cter, those also who teeter up and
down when they walk, rising an inch or
" two every step, will have many corresponding
ups and downs in life, because of the
' ilw.:.. : r . . ....
j men nrvguiariiy 01 cnaractcr and teelmg.
^ Those, too, who make a great ado in walking,
will make much needless parade in
^ everything else, and hence spend a great
amount of usclcssncss steam in all they
undertake, yet accomplish little; whereas
those who walk easily, or expend little
' strength walking, will accomplish great
results with a little strength, both mentally
and physically, in short, every individual has
his own peculiar mode of moving, which
exactly accords witli his mental character;
so that, so far as you can see such modes*
, you can decipher such outline of character"
- Integrity of Character.?Who ever
u possessed it that did not derive untold advantage
from it? It is better than the gold
l8 of Ophir; it in of more value than diamonds
r, and all nrecious storms. Anrl
I i "" * /vv
n man may possess it. Tbe poorest may have
?e it, and no power can wrest it from them.?
iO To young men, we say with earnestness and
]| emphasis, look at integrity of character
n with the blessings it confers, and imbibe
i) such principles, and pursue such a course,
that its benefits may be yours. It i6 a prize
j, so rich that it repays every sacrifice and
_ every toil necessary to secure it. Suppose
a mercantile community could be found
d whoso every individual was known and ac 9
knowledged to possess strict and uncompro
y mising integrity; the representation of each
other were in strict accordance with truth ;
t "his word as good as a bond!" Such a
e community would have a monopoly of the
I trade, so far as they had the means of supII
plying tho demand. "The tricks of the
i trade," whatever may be their apparent
o advantages, impair confidence, and in the
end injure those who practice them far more
Lr than they benefit them. It is a sliortsighted,
asTwell as a guilty policy, to swerve
under any^eircumstances, from those great
principles which are of universal and everlasting
obligation. Let a man maintain
his integrity at all times, and he will bo satisfied
there is a blessing in it, and a blessing
all around it.?Philadelphia Bulletin.
? The Negro Jtaee.?Bayard Taylor, wrl
" t;ng Irom Nubia, in Upper Egypt, says: >
^ " Those frieuds of the African rpce^wlio
9? point to Egypt'as progf of what that race
J* has accomplish^, acp whollyraiatal^en.'?
The j only Negrp features represented* ii]P
4t Egwt sculpture, ajre those of sla^es.and
captives taken in Eithiopian wart of-the
' PbarOShs. : The ^temples -and^. pyramids
d throughout Nubia, as far as.tbe\l5aref and
10 Abysinia,-*!] bear;tbe hkroglypby of mon*
archs, and '-tbere if no evidence in all the
?' valley of tj^Nild tHfeit the Negro race ever
* attuned a/ajgber d^ree, of civjii^ation
w than is at^pseent exHIbit^iir Congo and
" Ashantee. I m?ntion thi?, not frohaanj,.
d feeling hostile to .that nM?,,but simpiy to.
* oontrovert an opinion Tery\pr$Vjalent in
d some parts of the United States.'* "
6 ty- m ? ?>?' ?
^ "You^ftro gei^l 1 e mansai<^^
A KVMDRSO YKARI AGO
Although thu hundredth year is an era in
tho life of man which few are favored to see, p.
a century is but n short period in tho lifo- tr
time of nations. Yet whitt wondeiful and U
political changes have been crowded within o
the Inst hundred years 1 ti
Just one hundred years ago, Clivo laid in n
India tho colossal foundations of English a
power and began that career of conquest r<
which has mado England to India, what n
Spain was to Mexico and Peru. J
Just one hundred years ago, tho Seven p
Years War which began in tho wilderness of n
| America, was beginning to rage in Europe, y
It ended in tho year 1763, after ono of tho It
most desperate struggles recorded in history, g
with the recognition of the rights of Prussia 1
as a first class European power, and the J
transfer of the empire of Ncrth America \
from France to England?a change prelu- t
ding a yet greater chango soon to come. c]
A hundred years ago Spain was still a t
great power, though then in her decline.? c
Till* Pinnirn nf flin *l?rv ~\T~ ?
w Wk bUV git/iiiva I'll! I VI 11IU A1UVT
World was hers. Its galleons still filled the r
i royal treasury at Madrid with gold from its ,
mines.
A hundred years ago, a Bourbon still sat fl
on the throne of France. The reign of feu- i
dalism and the degradation of tho masses, v
seemed established forever. A profligate
court, emulating the wickedness of a profligate
Icing, (Louis XV,) knew not that it was
merry-making on ground which would soon a
open and swallow it up. It saw not the
hand-writing on the walls of its chambers of
1 t
revelry.
A hundred years ago, America was a wil- c
derness, peopled beyond tho central lino of n
longitude of the States of New York and ^
Pennsylvania, only by"traders and trappers. 1
Pittsburg was a French trading point. Lake "
Erie was :i French inland sea. The Indian v
aiul the bnlTalo roamed along the Mississippi I
whose lakes and rivers sometimes reflected *
for a moment the wandering faces of the *'
Jesuit missionary and the French trader.? s
Much less than a hundred years ago?in s
1708 we believe?Lord Hillsborough, the 1
English colonial secretary, issued an order 1
prohibiting the extension of l^nglish settle- 0
ments beyond the Alleghanies ! F
"What revolutions has the last century wit. v
nessed ! It has seen the most magnificent n
conquest made in India tho world ever saw, *
and it now sees the power of the conquerors
trembling in tho balance. It lias seen *
America peoj led, England reformed of many 11
ancient abuses, the Bourbons expelled from r
France, France revolutionized, and greatest '
of all, coming of a New World into being. ^
It has seen great empires overturned. It has I
seen an obscure Corsican rising to the virtual s
dictatorship of Kurope, humbling in the dust ^
the crowned heads of dynasties of a thousand e
years, and taking to wife a daughter of the I
Caisars. It has seen the rise of a great re- r
publican empire, founded on the principles t
of eternal justicc, more glorious than Rome
in the palmiest days of her vast dominion,
whose founding struck the knell of aristo- (
i
ratic rule, and preluded tho triumph of
democratic principles the world over. Last
and best of ail the changes it has witnessed, ^
it has seen tho masses everywhere awaking 11
to a sense of their rights and becoming a n
great power whose good will even despots r
court. Bayonets ruled the world a hundred 8
years ago. Public openion rules it now. c
That is tho difference between 1757 and
1857 Rock Island Argus. c
. r
7T?7^ ur.-i. TIT. ? -
wig rr curt. YVO COmmCIKl 1110 IOI- (]
lowing from the Chicago Alliance, to the ii
attention of our readers. Wo owe some- a
thing besides scorn, something more than d
piety even, to the drunkard. We may hate d
his vice?we must often be repelled by his n
beastliness?but he is our brother man, after ii
all, and if through any instrumentality he h
can be redeemed from his bondage to np- t
petite and restored to society, in the name ^
of sweet charity let it be done: .. v
"It is ofteu said among the liquor 8
fraternity, that if men drink they ought to ?
suffer the consequences; but this is a most tl
wicked conclusion. The love for strong a
drink is the result of habit, which it is diffi- 8
cult to control when it once gets the i,
mastery. To aid men in resisting temptation
and in governing their appetites, there
is more efficient instrumentality than tem- J
perance. Take from men temptation ; close n
UO tllft ?nnrf?on nf mmnU I? : : LI - '
t w. , uin&c Ik lllipUBDIUiO \j
or difficult for drinking men to obtain tbe j<
means of self-distruction, and they are in- J
duced to stop and think* When they once C
see themselves as they are; inflamed, brutal- a
ized and enslaved by the monster curse which
seeks to crush thom, they wisely con- g
elude, that delivet&nce and salvation for d
them lies in the direction of-avoiding the tl
use of the poison which destroy* them." . o
'B> ?
Justice by Miatafa,Philadelphia, q
on Td^day ey?nin^T a^theifv*stepp6a
into ^ tv.
.abj% a s^tidei^t V
with yHich'te ^jjartea witftout detec- .
-tiogc. whoa#^iaWFli ad':
been'inaulted W'the aforesaid Taw stud<&t,^wfurlyinj^&
wa t to floer the of- 0
fender,"'an<5 seeing the thief come out, 1
with theoyercoat on,supposed him to p
^the^y.iotim hej-waa in aeroh ofj and ?
%aVe him .a^terriWei whipping before p
tte.pOlioOT^BSto^d him, or the mis- ?
take-in the person was made known,
by the on^' w!mei^y of3^ thief, who
supposed the puiiiahmeritwas lor his ,
{oriScTThe yowt&ta wait very *
.much iwprtif\ed,when fie found that E
LAKUK TUKKS.
A late English periodical says that in
iiint of silo ami antiquity, tlio great ohosnut
ca nt Tortworth, in Gloucestershire, seems
> rival, if not to surpass, any existing oak
r yew tree in Great Britnin. This is tlic
ee under which King John held a parlialent,
and it has been deemed tho largest
ad oldest tree in tho country. As it was
eferred to as a boundary mark of tho manor
i the reign of Stephen, and was famous in
Ling John's time for its magnitude, it was
robably a tree in tho time of Egbert, and il
nay be much older than even a thousand
ears. The circumference of its trunk is uol
2ss than fifty feet at five feet from tlx
;round. This magnitude, however, is great
y surpassed by that of the famous trco or
lount Etna, 'The Castngno de Cento Ca
alii,'which is probably the largest clicsnu
ree in the world, and the trunk of which i:
[escribed by Brydon as resembling five larg<
rees growing together, and having a liolluv
avity more than sixty feet in diameter.
But the riane trees of Greece seem to boa
iway the palm for magnitude. One of tin
nost magnificent specimens of this species
3 the 'Palm Tree of Godfrey do Buillon,
it Buyuk-dcre, on the European side o
he Bosphorus?a trco that was flourishing
vhen first
Byzantium's native sign
Of Cross or Crescent wns iinfmlrwl
ind is conjectured by M. do Condolle t<
ic more than two thousand years old
iVIicti measured in 1831, it was fount
0 bo a hundred and forty feet in circumfer
nee at the base, and it has been dcscribec
,s resembling atower of clustered trunks.?
Is branches arc said to be more like a fores
ban a single tree. Its sides are cavernous
nd shelter the herdsman as in a Grotto
k lio make their fires in these hollows. l?i
ticturesque and majestic in their aspect, a
1 tree should be over whose masses of foi
iigo centuries have glided, and which ha:
hadowed the tents of heroes that Tassi
ling. Whether it was Godfrey himself o
lis fellow crusaders who encamped bcneatl
his millennial tree there it stands, ever ful
if nests and sunbeams, seeing tho years de
art like leaves that fall at its feet, and th<
vinds of the desert scatter the dust ofthosi
ntique warriors, remaining itself, from ag<
o age, only more firm and colloss^l.
Another enormous Plane, growing upoi
he banks of the Sulinus, near Nostizza, i
nentioned in Ilobhousc's 'Travels in Alba
iia,' and is described as being forty five fee
n circumference at the base, and a hundred
eet high, covered with luxuriant foliage.?
n the Turkish Empire these ancient tree
ccin to bo held in reverence, as they wen
lefore the days of the Prophet. The Maliom
dans retire to pray and meditate undo
hem, selecting those beneath whose shrub
eligious men in former days aro believec
o have meditated and prayed.
A Cooil One.?A Green Mountain Boy
so called because the mountains?not tin
toys?are green,) tells the following spic]
necdote. which WO Ho nnf r/?mnmV?nr
lave seen in print. Roswell F , a Vcr
aont lawyer of distinguished ability, ii
iow residing in St. Louis, and in the firs
ank of the bar of Missouri, had brought :
uit in court which was really so plain r
ase for the plaintiff, that, having submitcd
the papers, and other proofs to th<
ourt, he felt that his client's interest realty
equired no more, ami he accordingly sal
lown without making the customary open
tig address to the jury. But the defendnt's
counsel more ambitious of rhetorical
isplay, and probably conscious that the
lefence required the best abilities, rose and
uade a long harangue, characterized by an
mmense flood of pompous words, as was
is custom, but destitute of even an atempt
at loeric or reasoning of nnv l-i'nrl ?
Vben he bad done, the plaintiffs counsel,
?ho was expected to make an elaborate
peech in reply, rose and merely said:?
May it please the court and gentlemen of
bo jury?in this case I shall follow the extnple
of the counsel for the defence, and
ubmit the case without argument."?Bosm
Pout. ,(
Pistol Match.?Wo are informed that
obn Travis, the celebrated mstol-shot, is
ow in Louisville, occupying looms at the
Salt House. It is understood that he has
jurneyed there to accept the challenge of
ames W. Wales, for a pistol-match. Tbo
Jourier says : "The terms of the match are
greed upon, and the money, bet?$1,000
?is nut UD. Wales betB TrawJn tlinf. ho nan
, * / '-* # ' ,r"'V
plit five balls out of ton On n knife; - at'?
islnnco of thirty yards, to whe6l and fire at
lie words one, two, tlireo. Travis is to.sp'it
ne'raore ball than WaUcf; The whole
; v* * - J .. . * i ' ^
umber pf abols are tojgt twenlyr?Sjtirii
f ihe xjuaefy; '* v/
/ ' h' i ' -It & " ' ?
c ' .-?*?-1 > ,vjr 1"
JFAa* Hindoos a /mh.'A * Ae Bibles.-*1
^TSToriqrtyj'in' a^le^a/e delivered taBosj
)ti upon - the troubles in India, spolce^f the
fly thousand pbuiids aterling'<expetided in
ne year by the Lojjdob 8otiietyifor?ibles.
he natives rooeived theCij..Jf^adjy, Tfojtpaer
was-sea roe there, And. the leav&w/re
>on made available as~jwrapping paper for
epper, Ac., and jthe board in tt^e Covers
^appeared in thfe frame work^pf sandals.
jr "6?"T"'* i *'*-*
The first boni^i worn -in England was
rought from July in the reign "of Queen
lizabetli, and Ju form was a-compromise
itween thep Riant liat and the .French
' ''.V '#? -r " ' ""ft" ' **
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ T;
I
J_
!il)c Abbeville Banner,
Publlihed Krerjr Thursday Morning, by
davib db nmwjB.
W. O. DAVI8 Editor
T. B. OREWS fublldher.
T 3D XI 3VX S t
, Two Poi.i.Ans per milium, if paid in advance;
Two Doi.i.ars iiiiiI Fifty Okntb if not paid witliin
pi* month*, and Turkic I)om.arh if not paid bo- r
fore the eii<l of tlie yeor. All fiubjrriptionn not
1 limited at tlie time of Mihscnl?iiip, will be con?
j sidered n? indefinite, and will be continued until '
, ! arrearages urc paid, or at the option of tlie Pro* j
I ' ,,ri.iv..,.. ,.11.-.. ?
, . j-.v.".... w.?vio iiui.i vnivi ouuw iiiusi invar? i
ably bo accompnuicd with the Cti*h. .
NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS. J
Though wo liuvo n peiuilty for nonpayment t
of subscriptions tu our paper when due, it lias ?
not been rigidly exacted by our predecessors; c
and we, to some extent, have followed their ex- t
ample. Reasons satisfactory to ourselves have
led ns to the conviction that we should, in all j
eases, iuforco the penalty. We therefore give i
notice that on and after the 1st of April next, ^
we shall charge for all" subscriptions not paid I
within six months, and ?:<.((() if not paid ^
within one year. Thuso who come,forward and i
mUtle before that time may cuvu sofnething, but
those who neglect until altei" our pile goes into ]
eirect, may rely upon paying l??r tliflir negligcncc
the full amount of the penalty. <
Experience, too, has taught us tlijt (here should <
be some charge made forObiturfry Notices ex- i
ceediug a certain length. We shall, in future, t
charge the excess over otio ssqutuK', at advertis- (
f ng rates, to he charged to the puTty w ho orders (
r it in the paper. f i
' The above terms linve been hgreed to by the j
Proprietors of tlio Abbeville Manner and hide- t
pentlrtil /'res*. J
RATES OF ADVERTISING. !
The Proprietors of it in Abbeville Jimiucr and j
) fmlfprinlfDl /'rrxs, li.-tVo established the followinjr
rates of Advei'tis<>H( to bo charged in both
papers: * .
1 Kvcry Advertisement inserted for a less time ,
tlian throe months, \/ill bo charged by the inser- j
lion at Ono Dollar per Square inch?the
1 Hpac? of 12 solid lint* or lees.) f<ir the first insertion,
and Fifty CefrtB for each subsequent insertion.
3
t WT The Commifroner's, Sheriffs, Clerk's and
Ordinary's Advertisements will be inserted in
'? both papers, oaeh Jharging half price.
Sheriff's iJpvics, One Dollar eaeh.
(E3T Aniioiiucifir n Candidate, Five Dollars.
s Advertising auf Kstray, Two Dollars, to be
s paid by the M hast rate. .
AdvertisemriHJ inserted f?r three months, or ]
longer, at the fofloivinir rales:
5 1 square 3 moniiis ft 5.00
j i square C months 8.00 ,
1 square 0 inopihs lO.tlo i
r 1 square 12 months 1-M(0
1 2 squares 3 months 8.0o
. 2 squares 6 months ' 14.011 i
' 2 squares 9 months 18.00 i
. 2 squares 12 months 20.00 ;
3 squares 3 Months 10.00
? 3 squares 6 months 10.00 j
2 3 squares 9 months 21.00
3 squares 12 months 25.00
0 4 squares 3 months 12.00
4 squares 6 months 20.00
4 squares 0 mouths 2*>.00
t 4 squares 12 months 30.00
s 5 squares 3 mouths 15.00
5 squarqal) months 25.00
5 squares 9 months 31.00
^ 5 square.* 12 months 35.1)0
6 squares 3 mouths 20.00
1 G squares fi months 30.00
_ 6 squares # months 3fi.00 |
fi squares 12 months 40.00 ,
5 7 squares 3 months 25.00 ,
j 7 squares (> months 35.00
7 squares !) months 41.00
i m|iiur?:a i-?s mull 1113 -15.110 I
C 8 squares months 30.00
8 squares 6 moinhs 40.(10
3 8 squares 9 mouths 4fi.0l)
I 8 squares 12 months. 60.00
Fractions of Squares will be charged in proportion
to the above rates.
55?" Business Cards Tor the term of one year, '
' will be charged in proportion to the space they j>
3. occupy, at One Dollar per line space, \
f F?r all.advertisements set in double col- I
) umn, h Fifty per Cent, extra will be added to the '
. above rates. I
DAVIS <fc CREWS, ,
' / }ir Manner; i ?
t : LEE ?fc WILSON, > ,
For Prexx. (
i PRINTING. |
THE Proprietors of the Anni:viLi.E Bannp.k. (
would respectfully inform the public that ,
( they are prepared to executc all kinds of Job
Work, with neatness and dispatch. Having ,
' incurred considerable expense for printing mate
rinls, tlicy huvcno hesitancy in saying that tliey
are as well prepared, and can do as neat work .
as any other estublitihineiiL in the up-country ol? '
South Carolina. t
They will also keep on liand a complete assortment
of
RT .AKTJBLS,
of which we have now 011 hand the following
List, to which we shall contimio to add until
wo get a complete assortment:
Sum. Pro.; Fi. Fa. on Sum. 1'ro.; Cn. Sa. on
' Sum. Pro.; Sub. Writs; Sub. TickeU in Law; J
Sub. Tickets if) Equity ; Fi. Fn.; Cn. Sa.; Ca. Sn. .
in Case ; Copy Writ in Case ; Deeds of Conveyance
; Declaration on Note; Commission to Ex
amine Witnesses; Judgment l?y Confession in T
Assumpsit.; Judg. on Writ of Euquiry, Damages 0
Assessed by Clerk?Debt or Assumpsit, Judg.
by Confession in Debt, on Single Dill; Judgment
on Writ of Enquiry, Damages Assessed by Jury ;
Judgment' in Assumpsit at Issue. Plea Withdrawn
; Post? Judgment on Issue Tried, Verdict ^
for Plaintiff; Mortgage for Personu! Property;
Mortgage of Real Estuie; Magistrates'Suuiuioub;
Do. Executions ; Dg. Jlecogniuunca; Summons to r
Defaulting Juror* ? '
To Mechanics, Inventors, and ]
Manufacturers.
TN ANNOUNCING "the THIRTEENTH An1
nuul Volume of the SCIENTIFIC AMERI- 0
CAN, tlio Publishers respectfully inform the pub- 8
lie thut in order to increase and stimulate tlie
formation of clubs, .> they propose to offer One
Thousand Five Hundred.Dollar* in Cash Prcmi- 2
!.? C.Ct i .1!?_ -? ? " a
iuiv?"o uiwcii laigtnv llbis <)l BUUSCriOCrS
sent in by the 1st of January, 1?58; said prcnii
ums to bo dislributed-as follows;? . v, < r
For the largest list, $300; 2d, $2f>0; 3d, $200; '
i4th, S150; 5th, $100; 6th, #90; 7th, $80; 11
8th, $70; 9th, $60; l0th,$.r>0; Uth, $i0;'12tb, .
$3J> ; 18th; $30;\14th, $25"; I5th,*20.- \
Namea o? subscribers can l>o Aent" in at different
times and frdm different,l'o'st Officca, Tho
on?h will bo paid to tho order* of the suooesafull
i 'competitors; immediately alter the 1st of January '
; .1868.
r8Q,nthern,nWc8tcrn, and^ Canada moneywill be
taVen folr subscriptions'.^' Canadian subscribers
willipJeiUA to remit Ttfenty-jjwP cents eHra on r
.each year's.subscription to ^re'ip^postaKo.
jj?, Tcttnt of tiubicrption ?Two Dollars a YCar* .-.j
or Ono'Db11nr?foi\8ix Months. L'jiTf- * ?n
i . Olnb Jla/e*.~five Copie8,*forj3ix'Monthjp, *4} :
FivVCopie8,' f<jrTwclve Monlh8,/$8 ; T$n Oop^.
ies/JflrvSix Months;*$8: T6n,Conie8 foh Twelve \
Month*, $16; Twenty Oopie^far Twelve Mouths,
#28, * - .- '\. '[ ? n
i r-For.*H Clubs of IVpSSfty anil over,' the'yoarly-"
subscription in only $1.40. ; ... ; ,
>THe new ffclumowtll, bo printed upon fitiep^-, ,
: per \rith new type; ?? / ?/4 f,
' The general eharaoter of'the Sctv^ijHo. Am W- *"
oan Unwell known, and,.*?heretofore, it will be
chiefly devoted to pjy/nulgfition .of' information
jewuptf to tha virion* MeoAamccl and.Ohamiedhii
Manufactures, ^icitlt^re,Pa(?nlt /ntfln-,
tionti Engineering, Mill -Work, and all-jytereslft1 >v
which the light of Practical Scienci i&calaulat&r *V
to advanoe. It is iaaued weekly, inform ;'f6r'. Ti
binding ; it contains annually fromi 500^lo^600 m
V
8. D. A H. W. SMITH,
MnmifnrturorA ?f Bl
Molodoons, Organ Molodeons,
a x n
Pedal Sub-Bass
XZA.XllVEON'lUM ,
511 Washington treet,
BOSTON.
I"MIK attention of Clergymen, Committee*, ?
. Schools, Lodges, ?to., in invited to the now
Pedal Sub-Baas Harmoniums, j
rtaile and Sold l>y the Manufacturers. ]{.
It is arranged with two manual* or hunks of Iti
toys, the lowest net running an octave higher
iiuii mu^uicr, una may lie used separately, and
lius get ill one cnso two distinct. instruments; W
ir, liy the use of llic coupler, the two hanks of
toys may bo played ut the same time by line of
he front set only. connected with the ?
Sub-Bans, will product 'the effect of u largo
rgan, and w eufliciently heavy to lill a house _
hat scuta from I(J0H to Ifxit) persona. I
TIIE ORGAN MEU)I>EON is designed for |
mrlor and private use. The construction issini- "J*lur
to the Church Instrument, being arranged J"'
villi two bankHof Keys, and when used together,
?y means of tho coupler, is capable of as great
rolume of power as the Church Instrument, when
iscd without the Pedals.
AIbo, every t variety of MELODEONS for t"
Parlor use.
Purchasers may rely upon instruments from A|
>ur Manufuctory, being made in in tho most
romplete and thorough manner. Having re- _
noved to the spneious Building*, 51 I Washing.on"Street,
we have every facility for manufaettrinir
DurnospH. imil umnlnu !.. n... ..?-?
c. . . I?-J "?? |
:xporienccd and skillful workmen In short, we J
a*ill promise our cusioincra nn Instrument equal
f not superior to any Manufacturer, and guarantee
entire and pcrfccl *ali*facltOH. J
Music Teachers, Leaders of Choirs, nnd others vi
Interested in musical mutters, are respectfully in- of
vited to visit our ltooms at any time, ami exam- cr
nn or test the instruments on exhibition for salo al
it their pleasure.
Ah a still further guarantee to the public as dr
to the excellence of llio MeloJronx nnd J/imnouiinnx,
from our Manufactory, we ben leave to
refer, l>y permission, to tlu^folluwiii^ l'iano Forte
Manufacturers of Uoston," who have examined ;
Dur Instruments, and will give their opinion
when ealled upon: j
Chickering it Sour; Win. P. Emerson ; Geo.
Hews; llnllett &. CuniRlon ; Ilrown it Allen;
Woodward it Brown; T. (Jilliert ?fc Co. ; A. \V.
Ladd it Co.: Newhall it Co.
Melodcons and Harmoniums Rented. ?
Persons who wish to hire Melodcuns and Harmoniums
with a view of purchasing ;?t the end $5:
i>f the year, can have tho rent credited as part
payment of the purchase money. This matter
is worthy of special note, as it enablti* those who
ilesirc u fair test of the instruments before purchasing,
to obtain it at the expense of tho manufucliirers,
to the extent atleast'of a year's rent.
Orders from any part of tlft country or world,
sent direct to tho manufilctory in Boston, with cash
or satisfactory reference, will lie promptly
iiiienaeu n?, anu as laittifully executed as if the j
parties were present, or employed an agent to J
select., and*on as resonable terms. .
Price List. j>
Scroll leg, 4 J octave, $ CO jj
Scroll leg, 5 octave, 7fi _
Piano style, 5 octave, 100 Ji
Piano style, extra finish, 5 octave, 115 n
Piano style, carved leg, 125
Piano style, 2 sets of reeds, 150 w
Piano stylo, 15 octavo, .... 155 ft|
Organ Moled eon, 200 8ll
Organ Melodeon, extra finish 250 p
Pedal Snb-Uass Harmonium, 275
letters, Certificrt.es anil notices from the prees,
from all parts of the world, may he seen at our 0{
salesroom. Descriptive circulars sent freo to c;i
luiy address. ie
S. D. it II. W. SMITH,
511 Washington St., (near Boyi.ston) Hoslon.
July U, lb57 11 ly
Chicli. Springs, ~
Greenville District.
m THE Subscribers having purchased
that well-known and long-established bAIUL ^
Summer Resort, Chicks Springs,
A'llliin 10 miles of Greenville, have put the "B
premises in the most thorough repair. They nre T
lelcrmined to spare no efforts to make the '
SPRINGS nil that enn he desired, whether to se
:he invalid seeking health, or those in quest of wl
pleasure. 1"
The salubrious and invigorating qualities of at
lliese waters having been well known to tho eo
:rave1ing public for the last twenty years, it is
iccmed unnecessary to enter into detail; but da
my further information or reference will be on
carefully furnished upon application to either of In:
lie proprietors. so
The HOTKL will ho open for the reception of ay
visitors oil the 1st of June. n?d will be kept
jpeu during the season.
It >i\ves us pleasure to add that the former
>ropri -rs, the Messis. CHICK, will spend their
itimni it the Springs, and will be glad to sec yr
heir v friends there.
J. T. IIKNF.RY.
f. TALBIIiD,
J. BURSEY.
si^for Chick Springs!! th
J. P. TOOL <fc CO., will be nt the Green- VV
'illo Dej>ot with pood Conveyances and careful 40
)rivere, to carry Passengers and their Baggage foi
0 me oprings. They will also run re
A DAILY LINE OF STAGES
1o nnd from the Springs, leaving Greenville at 1
1 o'clock, A. M. Fare $1. r
May 14, 1857 6 tf
PLUMB & LEITNER, A
LV liolosalo X3ru.seista,
AUGUSTA, GEORGIA.
rllE attontion of the Public is invited to our hi*
Stock of choice, unadulterated i
)rugs, Medicines, Chemicals, Oils ~~
Paints, Glass, Porfumery, Brushes, js
nd nil other articles in our line. We feel ubured
that no House in the South can offer a
tock superior to ours in genuineness and purity. (-^
111 oui^flicinnl preparations are made in strict
ecordlfflce with tho formularies of the United
itates Pharmacopoeia. '
Our Stock of Dental ancTSurgical Instruments
; full, and we have unequalled arrangements
or procuring additional supplies at the shortest .
lotice. , i
rrFoelinff confident that wo can furnish mir ena. u
Diners with tlio best article*, on. reauonablo 1.9
ormo, wo respectfully solicit orders and pledge yff
uraclves to nil them with fidelity nnd dispatch Jtr
PLUMB A LEITNER,.. JBTtfi
J Uto D, B. Plwmb <X? Connect
Augusta, Ga., April 18, '57- 51 8m2vflR*irjc
Diosolution.#^?:
rllE Firm of WIER A MILLER wM
day dissolved by mutual oonieht.^HF at tha #
Cation of tho partnership having expir^V < '
,nVne ofHlie tfirni will be"used in Jhi irj?ST
T^he-^usiness, by either ono of us. ^HF kr?""
AJfporaoim indebted to .us by Note } !?. ri
rilLpfeajSe.camo forward and pay uAL: ' .*Pr^9^?r
oiivenient. as it ii verv deairahla id t'Ori.1* ^
ess akould be olotod tut early^a^^^ h
Mi
\
w ??k
w. m. wood!
rokfr, Aurtlonrrr nnd ('oniilsm
Agont, J
For the Purr lime nrnl Sale of Jf j
!al Estate, Bonds, Slocks, Ncgroesjfl I
OKKICK HKAH OK 18B HtCUAUDSON ? ,\l J
COLUMBIA, S. O. Kill
it k f k 11 i: i;7ks. Wv f
tl. H. II. (Joodwyn, 1'icn't Branch HnnkB\\
S. Scott, I'rcs't Ex. Hunk Columbii? \
I), lllnmlinn, Esq., Sumicr B ' ??
II. Hoy Is ton, Winnsbora^ '
>\>t, Lebby, M. D., Z ll.Onke*, ) 3
( en. Win. R Martin, Wurd* > Charleston
law fc Walker, ) M
in. Johnston,President Char- ) B
lotto & S. C. Ilnil Koad, \
Nov. '20?57 31 tB
Land for Sale.
U1K Subscriber in the authorized Apeqt,
. parlies interested, to sell the real estat%
)SE1'II AIKKN, deceased. The tract^
ind is valuahlo, adjoins lands of Dr. Warn,
iv, Dr. Livingston, and others, on Calhoun's
'cck, and contains about j
720 Acres.
Froperty?negroes?us well as cash 'will b? jl
ken in payment.
Ap|?l ieations for purchase can he made to th*
gent, who lives ut Cokeshtiry. M
JOHN \V. SUBER. M.
June *2. 18.ri7 C tf J*
riiuitui TOUR PROPERTY!! J
[WAVING NOUGHT the Wight, for this!
ML District of R. II. Mounce, for putting u^Ki^
Otis' Patent Lightning Conductor,
would respectfully inform I lie citizens of Abbelie
District, tlint 1 uni now the sole proprietor
this indispensable protection of life and propty,
iiiiiI :tm prepared to execute, at short notice,
1 orders for the same.
Those wishing work in my line will please td ess
ine at Ninety-Six.
J. \V. CALIIOUN, Jr.,
Niuety-Six.
August 13, 1857. If. tf
rATIONAL POLICE GAZETTE.
^11 IS (treat Journal of Crime and Criminals
OL is in its Twelfth Year, and is widely cirilated
throughout the country. " It contains all
ie Great Trials, Criminal Cases, and opproprie
Kdiorials on the same, together with inforntion
on Criminal Matters, not to be found in
ly other newspaper.
(JIT Sul*criptions, $2 per Annum; ?1 for
ix Months, to ho remitted by Subscribers, (who ,
lould write their names and the town, county |
id State where they reside plainly,) j I
To GEO. W. MATS KM. rn '*
Editor and Proprietor of tho !
National Police Gazette, 1
Kew York City. I
April SO. IP57 1 'If
Valuable Farm for Sale.
rllE Subscribers being desirous to rernore,
ufior for Sale their highly i'ertile Lands,
injr in Pickens District, S. 0., on the waters of '
ighteen Mile Creek, containing 531 acres.?
poii said farm are 100 acrcs of
'.xceedingly Rich Bottom Land,
reasonable portion of Wood Land, and the reainder
good fertile Upland. Pure wholesome
ater can be found in ubundance on the farm,
id the healthfulness of the country cannot br
irpassed. Good lluildings are also upon tkr
arm.
Any person wishing to purchase n Farm, th
il of which is peculiarly adapted to the growt
" Cotton, Wheat, Corn, ?tc., would do well t
ill early, as it will be sold on accommodate
rms.
Address, MRS. C. M. ALEXANDER,
or EDGAR W. CLYDE,
Piekensville, S.J
April 0, 1857 49 tf
Tho Stat? of South Carolina,
ABBEVILLE DISTRICT. .
In the Common Picas.
'illiani Willaoil, ^ ' t_*
o. >. rorcign Attachment,
is. A. Liddell. ) Thomson &. Fair, Attorney*
XTHEREAS the Plaintiff did, on the eleventh
V day of April, eighteen hundred and fiftyven,
file His declaration against the Defendant,
lio, it is said, is absent fr<ini anil without the
nits of this State, and lias neither wife nor
torney known within the same, upon whom a
|?y of the said declaration might be served?
It is therefore ordered, that the said Defrfniiit
do appearand plead to the snid declaration,
i or before the twelfth day of April, eighteen
indrcd and iifty-eight, otherwise final and ablute
judgment will then be given and awarded
ainsl him. j
MATTHEW McDONALD, c.c.p.
Clerk's Office, April 11, 1857 51?ly I
A. XX. MILLS, I
IWA, WISCONSIN AND MINNESOTA I
LAND OFFICE, I
AT DUBUftUE, IOWA. I,
IB ARTICULAR attention paid to the locating ||
of LaiurWarrants for persons South, oa,
e finest selected Timber, and Prairie Landfc Si
arrnnts loaned to settlers on one year's time at \f
per cent. Interest, charging $1.25 per Acre-w
r Warrant. Taxes naid. 1
. ..o ...mum mill y<
milted for in Sight Exchange. Money loaned^
high rutea of Interest. Investments made.*t"i
current money bought, ?tc. ff
IO* Refers to VVm. C. Davis, Esq., AbberiS .
II., S. C. ?, i
Sept. 3. 1856. 20 tt^lvguf
W. C. Davis, J? m
ttorney at Law and Solictor in UqjS.
Addbvillk, s. c. yjwm'
Will promptly attend to all business entrufU C
i care. He can bo found at the office il
LbbevilleliannerJuly 28 O
fezffor ^ W EaJ J
itor, at the ongoing elucljgn.i M
The friends of J ATM E8sA
>lly, announce .him n Cmyli^
The' ', i/ijP\
Uy anintunc^faiiP ft'CondfuR ^
> t
*' \
4
" i

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