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The Abbeville banner. (Abbeville, S.C.) 1847-1869, February 11, 1858, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85026945/1858-02-11/ed-1/seq-1/

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TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM] "the priioB op f.mEiiTV is 33 t n xi kt a. iu -c-xghx* aktou." [PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
the loss of life during war.
Perhaps but few persons haw. any definite
i?lca of the loss of life incurred during of
a war. From lite accounts of the killed in gi
battle, one is l?'d to believe that tliis loss is j I'o
less than what it really is, since the mini- | te
ber of deaths from wounds and sickness is ik
generally hist sight of. The statistics in re- i ar
gard to these losses are made up sometimes , in
after the war has terminated, and never re- b>
ceive he publicity to which they are cnti- ' ^t;
tied. I !('
An article in the last number of the wi
Atrer:'">M Journal ol Medical Sciences, writ" hi
ten bv Dr. (joldridgc, of the United States <?l
Army, contains some very interesting sla- sl<
tistics. As the Crimean and Mexican wars '
lasted for about the same licriod. the hoc- \ ut
tor lliitiks that the statistics of each admit <p
^ of comparison, and that from (lie gem-nil M
results there is offered material for s?-ri??u^ ca
consideration to those interested ami eon- , 00
cerned in tlic formation, discipline and eOon- <]'
omy of armies. Though the torces of ilm ?-r
Allies far outnumbered those of our own M
in M xico, yet no one will deny that in mil- f'-'i
itarv skill and in the achievment of hiillian*- | :|'
vents, the hitter fully equalled the former, m
We therefore think the o.ompa' -ons drawn
by the Doctor are juslilmd by the circuin- 1,1
stances. j v<'
The advances which have been made in ' I
military science and the impn>vi-meiit in at- ' lb
tack and defunct*, have, it appear-, Ie?eiicd
the loss of life arising from the actual con- ce
3 !
flict of arms; and while the progress made j hi
in medicine and surgery has diminished (lie j tli
proportion of deaths to tlx- number of sick Ui
*nd wounded, yet the loss of life iii?*ul?*nt 0
to larjje armies from tlie vat ions diseas'.-.-; , '"3
lias not been materially lessened. j ^
The Allied army landed in the Crimea, J"
on the 1 illi of September, 1S.11. ()n the ; Si
1Vtit of Oetober tliey Commenced tin; bom- j hi
bardment of SebaMopol, ami duiinj; the i
next eleven months, in addition to the ex- i
posure and necessary losses consequent to a i ni
iegc, they fought five battles. <>ur own !
** army advanced from Cm pus Christi to the en
Kio Grande on the St It of Mat ch. 18-10. and m
during the campaign fought upwards of '
thirteen battles, some of which lasted sev- ( ui
eral days. The actual duration of the two , p:|
wars was nearly the same, as was also the I he
period which elapsed between the first '
movement of the troops towards their re- I C
pective theatres of war, and the crowning ' gi
vents of the contests. While the Allh-d g1'
army wore exposed to the severity of a Cri- i
mean winter, and while they also suffered 1 hi
from the ravages of the cholera, our troops ] an
encountered the intense heat and fevers i
of the llio Grande and Vera Cruz, and snf- gi
fered severely from the Mexican diarrluea* *'v
The total number of officers and men in the f?>i
British army in the Crimea, was 111,313, j du
deaths from all causes, 21,OUT ; invalided, el<
16,308?total 37,400. Our army in Mexi- Yi
co numbered 100,404 ; tlie deaths from all c<1
causes were 12,800; dUehaiircd fur disabil- en
ity 12,252 ; total loss, 23,148. Taking the : th
British force of regulars at 97.8G4, and our ' th
. !
regular army at 15,7.10, or about one sixth , eli
of the former, we find that during about a!
- the same period of service, twenty live in
month, tlie British loss in officers was 157 ; I o\
V # I
~ in men 2,598; men and officers who died H
of wounds 2,010. Our loss in officers was s|i
41; in men 422 ; men and officers died of j
wounds, 329. The total British loss was iM
4,774; ours 792. This multiplied by 0, si'
our force being one-sixth of the British, |i:
would give 4,752, or 22 less than that of;
the British. In the British annv the loss |
per cent, in the whole service was 4.S7 ; : ai
ours 5.03. Their proportion of deaths to 1 si
the number of wounded was 1 in 5.SS : ours : tli
1 in 5.48. Their proportion of killed and j w
wounded to total strength of oflicers and | tv
nien was 1 in G.C8; ours 1 in G.94. The . di
Iobb per cent from ordinary and accidental j
deaths iu the British army was 1G.15 ; ours j in
17.55. Of invalided and disabled, the Brit- m
ish loss was 10.40 ; ours 13.09. The total b
loss percent, of British, 32.55 ; ours, 31.24. <],
^ In the Peninsular army the annual ratio ! ei
of mortality was ten per cent, of then ofli- ! cii
cers, and sixteen per cent, of the men. On ; w
the basis assumed iu these tables the annual j i?
mortality of officers is 9.48 per cent, and |,i
A1- i* /W - .
iuai 01 men au.54 per ceyt. I n}
In coinp- ring tlie losses of tlie volunteer j
forces, and those of the regulars in Mexico, j tli
we find that what has so often been said of | ?
the neglect by the former of the laws of \ tl
health, and of their improvidences in many in
renpects, is here repeated. While ihc an- 0|
, mini loss per cent. of killed and wounded. c,
\ in the army is stated at 4.30, that of the i fL
M volunteers was but 1.49 ; the per centage of u
deaths in the former, ordinary and accidental,
was 16.20, in the latter 21.12; in the ci
i army the loss of invalided and disabled j m
M wm 12.60 ; among the volunteers it was j o:
30.02. The total annual loss of the French s;
in tlie Crimea was 19.80; that of tho Kng- b;
Itiilt man 1 A AQ Tiiol t.( An i? i'<i/?nl??nn ?
IIVU n n? 1 v.vu. mab v* vui iv^uKiia III m
Mexico was 16.68 ; that of tlio volunteers,! c<
26.57.?N. Y. Courier. . e:
V. * ' '* * >
, * ? ir
^2?ooi Reviewing.?Tlio whole secret of c,
fL^art is condensed into the following n,
Bern mode of book reviewing: 8l
I You've sent me your book, ,
.H And I'va tried to review it, .
' ? Though Ut tell the real truth,
0 I hayeu't looked through iL w
&S/L But loottng or not, P
y'flk TU sorely enough,
For Tve got the book,
And you've got the puff. II
Ho careful wlioin you travel with. Two
our national follies arc a carelcssucss in
viiijr let lets of introduction to anybody
r anybody, and an amiability in "hitching
suns" with any individual during a jour>y.
Sharp and shrewd as we are, there
< twenty instances in this country to one
Kngland, of a gcutleiuaus being robbed
his traveling companion. Take an inutiee.
Mr. Keen Cute, from Arkansas, is
ling to tlie North?he is one of your
ide awake sort?nobody can get around
in?anybody that can '"make shucks*' oil'
11i111 is welcome to the proceeds. Finds
. amboat dull?gentlemanly hotel-thief?
>h, so tvry gentlemanly," of course, branw
hat, black clothes from head to foot?
lite a desirable man to chat with. lint.
r. Cute is wide awake all the while ? don't
tcli him gambling with stniy ucquaiutati.
s, or making a traue with them. Ac*
laiiitaiic progresses?gentlemanly traveltalks
ahoiil his friends?knows lots of
r. Cute.'s?is found by Cute talking at difrent
times to congressmen, legislators, and
I that. 'let to city?room together?
xt day gentlemanly friend missing, and
ill) him Cure's ready money. Cute very
ueli astoiiis..^ ., ins chance friend was "so
rv mueh the gentleman."
lalf a do7.e?. times within as many months,
e ]>ul>lie has been eiitertainnd with acmils
of unprincipled wretches who were
inputted, on board of Mississippi steam ats,
to many young ladies with whom
ey had el"pcd. It is all.of a price with
e Cute business. Unthinking gentleman
Ir. Creen) has lady put under his eharjrc
anybody, perh-.ps, by gentlemanly str.uir,
who, in the confidence Myle, asks liini
st tu see her a-hore when they arrive a1
lagville. Mr. <?icon rather fascinated l?y
s voting protege?more or less. Very
ill oti board sieamboat, passengcis tired to
alh. Mr. * ueen prosecutes intimacy and
ccts with bewildering succcss. I'assen
>rs continue to ho very dull. Mr. <' rcen
ntiuue.s to advance, i'assen go rs wouldn't
ind a liltlo scandal to pa?s the time.?
reen's young lady is observed by other la
i-s to cry a great deal in very conspicuous
iris of the cabin, and suddenly mulle itp
rr face and sob, or else run. Lady pass?01
s full of pity, conclude at once that
recti is a "wretch"'?ask irirl if he isn't?
rl boo-hoos. Grand indignation scene?
ntleiiien passengers hold meeting?noble
ipuinivc hearts li t out (heir line feelings?
gh tuned moral captain looks virtuously
id grimly sagacious, winks to passengers,
kes Mr. Green aside and bullies him about
rl. Greel: turns blue. Captain calls him
illaiu" before folks, ami orders a marriage
ithwith, Green declines. Captain proices
Scwo revolvers, a bowie-knife and a
rgy^iau. Green "caves" and consents.
Litnig ladv overwhcuivd, ladies overwhelm,
everybody overwhelmed?especially the
plain's clerk, who exchanges winks with
e bride when unobserved by the rest of
e party. All cheerful?captain stands
ampagne?gentlemen joke Green?ladies
I, sympathy to bride?dinner and report
ni-Hsii.'iticis CiciMi Im-iiu mi .
ver three daj's alter among the l'ulican.s.
ride has run away with porte monie and
Of a truth, this is a great world we live
, and abounding in true sympathy, cxcesic
wurmdH-arUidncss and chivalry, which
cet with their reward.
Arlificbtl Ear J)rums are now made
id used 10 a very considerable extent, to
ipplv the place of the natural one when
lat is deficient or broken. They arc made
itli a fine silver wire, attached to one of
k-o small silver plates, between which the
sk ofiudia rubber orgntla percha is held.
The latter is about three-quarters of an
eh in d'aineter, which leaves sufiicient
argin for the surgeon to cut out a memraneof
any shape that may seem to him
jsirable, and to leave the silver plate,
tlier in the centre or towards the ciriinference
at his discretion. The silver
ire is of sufficient length to admit of the
embrane being introduced or withdrawn
/ the patient, but it is not perceived exterdly,
except uj on special observation.
*ri.? . rr .~ t ~ 1 ..
J. lit; l-lllJUl IIIUUUCUU Ull SUIHC JHMSOllS l>y
lis apparatus is said to be almost magical
-they not only hearing sounds close to
icin, but also those far of}'. Some fine no
convenience whatever from the new drum;
liars can only wear it an hour or two
,'ery day, until by use they lose the uncoinrtuble
feeling caused at first.
The Afarricd Man.?IIow is it llmt girls
in always tell a married from a single
,.1.1? Tl.n *?i._ _i.;i
X..V Ul\/b ?0 1IIUI>1|>UI(IUIC 11113 JJII1Iiopliy
of it is beyond our ken. . Blackwood
iys that "llio fact of matrimony or
nchulorship is written so legibly in n
inn's appearance, that no ingenuity can
>nceal it. ?JSvory where there is some incplicable
instinct that tells us whether no
idividual (whose name, fortune and cirjmslances
arc entirely'unknown) be or bo
ot a married man. Whether it is a certain
lbducd look, such as .that which fetrarac
. /v
:rizes the lions in a menagerie^ and ditf
nguishes them from tlie lords of the desert,
e cannot tell; buUtliat the truth is so, we
ositively affirm."
"Which travels fastest, heat or cold ??
[cat floes, beeauso you can catch cold.
#? ? - .a ? - . ... ,
No gift which a father can liestow upon
a soil will cxcit so lasting an influence as a
good education. lie may lavish immense c
sums ujion ilie youth, Iftit unless there is a
\ knowledge of right and wrong previously t a
inculcated, tlie latter may eventually prove ^
: a in?'re cypher in the world of wisdom.? j ?
j 111ci c arc mi melons casus where men op- i *
; pressed l>y j??wrty and wanting commuti ^
j advantages have become prodigies ol learn- ^
; iug. In most cases, we find this thirst for
I education oiigiiialing in the perusal of his- ;
lory, ll is but natural that, when wo read .
of those remarkable individuals who stand j
as great lights in the wo I'M of science, and |
who have inle<l nations with a resistless aim, |
we should wish to know something of those I
I . . '
; sciences in which 111? y shine preeminent. ';
A perusal of the life of Napoleon, that em- <
I incut chief, at once the glory and the shame ;
of France, leads us to wish to know some- !
thing of military science. When we
find that our own Washington first attract- j
cd importance as a surveyor, wc wonder !
why such a science, could engross hisatteu- I
. .
lion, and almost mechanically, we proceed i
to its investigation. J lie elici ts of Franklin j ''
to gain a knowledge of the divots of lighten- j
ir.g, lead us to impure what there is in that j "
ini-teiiuus power so strange and so towering ' ''
c as to attract the attention of 'America's j
talented son. " Impiiry is the entering j ''
wedge to knowledge," and as soon as it is "
: awak? ne<l, lfi<- result is certain. To slimu- ?
, late iinpiiry thye is no force so powerful, l1
no study so sure, as that of pure history.? :l
I We say pure history, for we mean not that ''
| less useful,thought more interesting, branch 5
known as historical romance. The latter' !l
| on account of its attractive from, generally ^
! leads to such an ardent love for its reading, ''
; . I .
, that the more useful branches of natuial j s
seielies aretotallv ne'duetod. Tine lii*!orv ! ?
I ~ ~ J ! ]
, however, awakens in tis a spirit of einula!
Lion, and ai^ii-cs all our ambition. ''
When we find an Aristides, patriotic R
i ami 1.1 tlii* sculls of an ungrateful country? ^
' a Jiomulus, lising ftoin the position of a ?
1 poor rustic to a scat with kings?a (Jiuciu!
nalus, throwing aside the implements ol !l
' husbandry and vainjuishing his country's
: Iocs?wo wish to imitate them. Every r
| spark of ambition which we possess is call- (J
. ed into action, atul we resolve to win a J
j deathless name or die in tlie attempt.? v
! Ilis'ory, as Mr. AMtott truthfully says, is ^
I our heaven appointed guide. J?y the ex- '
; pcrience of tho>e who have gone before us s
! nnist we steer our course, and if we are 1
j wise, we will avoid the rucks upon which v
they were shipwrecked. History tells us ^
1 ill? - -- r
, in<.hi urn <11 i.?u ui?j uj'|?'?iu?il
j of poverty; that the cause c?f justice lias al- 1
! ways prevailed over thai of tyranny ; that ''
; those nations who adore idols iti preference s
to the one true <?od eventually totter; and 1
that, though had rulers exercise their v
sway for a limited period, llie cause of the '
I people will finally flourish. History, there- c
i fore, occupies a rank second in importancc e
i only to the revealed Word. While the lat- 1
ter guides us to an eternal home above, the s
former serves to render our progress through ''
life free fiom the snares which have entan-i 8
| y'ed so many of our predecessors.
History, then, is more imporant than all i
other studies, and lie who spends a lift-time ! 1
iu bringing from obscurity the deeds of ages i ^
long since passed away, performs a service 1
I uneipialled by any other man. lie who "
would consign the historian to an obscure 1
I 1 11
| grave, ami limit him to tlic petty bomul
j arses of a lonely garret, larks the spirit
j which animates a patriot. Let the faithful ,
i historian who stoops not to party, and who 1
j is unprejudiced by opinion, be raised to that '
! station which ho eminently merits as a bene- 1
I 'J
factor of mankind. Let his name be honored
as long as his work remains in exis* 11
tcncc. Let his bones.be sacred when death
removes him from earth. May his name bo
set 1 efore our children as one who has served v
his country and blessed his age.?ll'ujh a
School Journal. ''
A Fortune Chasing a Pretty Woman n
by Tclct/raj)h.?Some two weeks ago there ti
in n ? - 1 ~
I ... VIM a uuauuiui y Ullllg VVH1UW ^
of l\v< nly five, (;i Hungarian by l/irth,) on 6
her way to New Orleans, rn route to Havana a
where she intended to engine in her pro- s
Cession as a female physician. She was a
alone?an exile from Hungary, vhcro her t
husband had lived and died a patriot. On o
Friday last an agent from the .house of I
Rothschilds, the great bankers, also reached a
onr city in chase of the beautiful young self ^
reliant widow, who is intent upon her ?
journey to Havana. He had been dis- L
patched from Europe to seek out the wan- c
dcrer and bear to her the "glad tidings"
that she has recently come into immense ^
possessions at home, and to invito her to
retrace her trip. With the aid of tho tela- ^
grapn, no learned mat sno nad arrived safely ~
in New Orleans, and was stopping at tlio ^
St. Louis Hotel. A second dispatch, urging
her to await hi9 arrival, was forwarded* n
and lie has hastened on to bear to her tho >
information that she has a fortune of eleven e
millions at home awaiting her disposal.? ?
Louisville Democrat. m
i m w , c
Word Twisting.?A New York punster
challenged a sick man's vote, at the r?cent v
election, ou the ground that he was an ill *
? . - I
legal voter. ' Probably it .was tlie same -person
who challenged a equint-eyed^voter/be- c
cause he was not natural eyes-etf, * ?
V 4* ':> *' '/
Wo were on the side of n tine greon rnl v,
studded here and there with trees, and c,
ut l?y numerous rivulets. I hud retired ^
0111 the noise to take an observation [
mong some rocks laminated grit, when 1 ,,
ehold an elephant and her calf at the end
f the valley, about two miles distant. The )
all* was lolling in (he mud, and the dam (|
as standing fanning herself with her great z
ars. As I looked a?. them through my
lass, I saw a long slung of my own men ^
ppearing on the other side of them.? v
then went higher up the side of the, valley, tj
i order to have a direct view of their mode s
f hunting. The goodly beast, totally nil- ,,
onscious of the approach of an eiiemyi \
lood for some time suckling her young one, ,j
rbich seemed about two years old; they i,
hen went into a pit contaning mud, and J
meared themselves all over with it, the |,
tile otic frisking about his dam, flapping > ],
is ears and tossing his trunk incessantly, in Jj
lephantine fashion. She kept (hipping her ^
ars and wagging her tail, as if in the height \
f her enjoyment. Then began the piping t
f Iter enemies, which was performed by j ?]
ili?\vi/ior mf<\ ? fillip *-?? #!.#? - '
?..vw ?? \J I CUV llilliun C lite 12 UJ" |
other, as boys do into ;? key. ]{.ith :?ni- s
lals expended their ears and listened, then (
.-it their path as the crowd rushed towards ! f
licin. The little one ran forwards towards v
lie end of valley, but seeing the men there, c
I'turned to his dam. Slie placed herself ^
11 the danger side of her calf, and pass her t
iroboeis over it. again and again, as if to ^
ssure it of safety. She frequently looked j
aek at the men, who kept up an incessant t
l-.ooting, singing, and pipping; then looked tj
I lior young one, and ran after it, some- c
iines sideways, as if her feelings were t
ivi.lod between anxiety to protect her oft- |
pring, and desire to revenge the temerity ^
f her persecutors. The men kept about a
mulled yards in her rear, and that distance i
roin Iter flank.;, ami continued thus until ,
lie was obliged to cross :i rivulet. The j
iine spout in descending and getting to the
pposite bank, allowed of their coining up
r? the edge, and discharging their spears at
limit twenty yards distance. Alter the
rst discharge, she appeared with her sides
ed with blood, and beginning to llee for her
wn life, seemed to think no more of her
oung. I had previously sent off .Sekwebu
i ith orders to spare the calf. It went v?-ry
ist, but neither young or old. ever enter in0
a gallop; (heir quickest pace is only a
harp walk. Ueforo Sekwcbw could reach
hem the calf songnt refuge in the water and
fas killed. The pace of I he dAm gradually
iccaine slower. She tinned with a shriek oj
age, and made a furious charge hack among
lie men. They vanished at right angles to
icr course, or sideways, and, ns she run
1 rnight on', she went through the whole pary.
but came near no one except a man who
vore a piece of cloth on his shoulders.?
iright clothing is always dangerous in those
ases. She charg d three or four times, and
xcept in the first instance, never went far
tier than one litiiirJred yards. S!ie often J
tood sifter she had crossed n rivulet, anil
need the men, though she received fresh .
. , . 1
pears. It was by this process of spearing
lid loss of Motd that slic was killed; for
t last, making a short charge, slie staggered ,
ound, and sank down dead in a kneeling
lost are. I-did not sco tlic whole limit, ^
i.aving heen tempted away hy both sua and
noon appearing liiiclouded. I turned from
lie spectacle of the destruction of noble ani- '
uals, which might he made so useful in
U'riea, with a feeling of sickness, and it was
lot relieved by ilic recollection that tlio
vory was mine, though that was the case. '
'lie elephants of this region were smaller 1
han those in a more southern latitude.? f
'he one first killed on this occasion was a '
nalc, not full grown, measuring eight feet s
t the withers. The otlier was a full grown L
uinale, eight feet eight Inches in height, c
rhicli was about one foot less than the I
verago. They are dainty feeders, and ?
uave great relish for certain sweet tasted 1
rees and fruits. They clmose the moliono- '
o, the mimiosa, and other trees which con* I
kin much sachariuo matter, mucilage, and C
;um. Aii experienced elephant may be i
een putting his head to n lofty palmyra ii
no swaying it to and fro to shake oft" the <
ecds j lie then picks them up one by one r
nd eats them. Or he plants himself under 3
ho tnasuna and other fruit trees, ami picks t
ff tlio sweet fruits till Lis appetite is cloyed, t
Io also digs up bulbs and tubers, but tliey u
re loo coarse for his delicate digestion.? u
Vith his exclusive taste for food which w
bounds in mucilage and gum, lie produces t
>ut small cflfect on the vegeta'ipn of a v
ountry.?Livingston's Africa.
Prpffj/ f4l\rul A 1
_ - J v. .1. Twrjr viiniM'll'g Ut\U?W S
er of one of the "solid mdn of Boston," being \]
t a ball a few evenings since, was solicited s
>y a combination of moustacho starch and ?
roadcloth, for the honor of her hrtnd in a ii
lanco, to which solicitation she returned-an s
ffirmative answer. In* It subsequent con- t
ersation,tho aforesaid combination inquir- il
d her( father's business. "lie is a wood- n
awj'er," she replied. The fellow - sloped, t
eeling that he had let himself dowu a foot.
ir two by the association. The lady's 8
ntlier was a weaUhy. dealer in mahogany, '
vhich occasiqiifilly-hnd 'Xo bo sawed; by ?
limself. or under his <twh jfttaryUion. -, '
% >' |; L ' , f
Why is'> kiss ftl^'sorfrfc keT^ons t . Be- t
:auso there arc two heads and OTO^pljcfl- .i
? ????BUBO?1? Ml ? ?! II
There are, in iny note hook, many facts
innoeted witlj "New Year's l.)ay" in times
one hy, which it may interest yon to sec.
c;ive nil 1 know, ami of llio "sort" 1 know,
ml my doing so may indm-c others to go
ml do likewise. It was on :i New Year's
)ay jnst five hundred and fifty vears :?co
lint W illiam Toll, lli<5 patriot hero of SwilL-rlan
!, stood foremost in the cause of freeoin
against oppression; ami, on that New
car's day live ami a half centuries since,
*as set a rolling llto little stone of lievolnion
which gathered aronnditin forty years
Huh a force as swept the strength of lyrany
clean from Tcll's country. It. was a
lew Year's Day, just four centuries and a
nailer ago, that the fiimlihj of fighting,
etwoen the British houses of ^ ork ami
iancasler lx-gan, although sonic hostilities
ad already taken place. Warwick "The
iinjr Maker," had taken no decided part;
nit on 1110 battle of Wakefield (hotween
lt? soldiers of Margaret, t>ueeii of Henry
1. ami tin; l)uke of York) proving likel>
o cvn-ili the chances ??f the Yorkists, 1 ?v tlie
leath of their Duke on the lust day of 1-1 (io,
lie fJrcaf Karl throw himself, hoily ami
ovil into the Karl of March's rauso, ami from
hat day until the year 148G, all Kuj^lamJ
>:lt the worst iiitlueucc of a despotic civil
var. It was on a New Year's Day, twe
en tin ies ami seven years ajjo, we helieve
hat Charles 1 I. was crowned at Some (ovei
he Irish l!oyal Stone of destiny) King ol
he Scots, who were sick of Cromwell's j?ie
y. Il was oil a New Year's I >av just sev>
mly years ago tliat lliu (Quakers of l'hila
lolphia emancipated their slaves, anil sol at
sample in that respect lo whoever chosi
o follow. It was on N'.jw Vi-ai's Day
illy seven years ago (ISO!,) that the niiioi
etwoen Hritaiii ami Ireland took efl'ecl
nitl on that ilav the event (>o sad lo Ire
ami) was celebrated by the hoisting of r
lew tangled national llag?the. Union
facie?from the Tower of London. It was
m this same Now Year's Day, lifiy-sovei
ears ago, that the astronomer Piazza, o
\alerino, discovered the gloret, which h?
ailed Ceres. < hi Njjw Year's Day, forty
wo years ago, the people of Strabane in
ruland, found reason lo fancy that the
vol Id was going again to be drowned ; foi
hat whole tract of country was covered
?y a llood of a mosl destructive character
iccasioned by llie inciting ?jf all the snow
m the mountains adjacent. It was on ;i
S'cw Year's Day thirty-two years ago, thai
he currency of Kttglaud and Ireland were
issiinilated. Oil New Year's Day ton years
igo, the ship IMoyer, set sail in the fruitless
eareh for Sir John Franklin. It is only
line years ago this New Year's Day, thai
he cold in Norway w;is so intense, as U
reeze quicksilver, and take the breath from
my one venturing inlu the outer air. Il
va>i on this day eight years, that I'linee A1
>ert (lUelolt (IJueen Yictmia's husband^
announced the great project of a (ircat Kx
libition. On New Year's d:iy six years ago
lie. ?i?f...I I?.. 1 .
ui.c<i j. mux j n-.sKK'in
if the French Hepublic," was solcmul)
uslallcd at the Cathedral, ami oti thai
'aris turned out in lull holiday trim tc
anctiun Louis Napoleon's occupancy of the
Tuilerics. On New Year's Day four year.*
igo, the chief streets of Koine, were for the
irst time lighted with gas. On New VearV
)ay, three years ago, the grand trunk lint
if I lllll :l II l'l.M.lfi.. 'I' l-~ '
1%, xvicjjiii|iu whs opeiieu i'
Aristocratic Wraith, in Jjuf/funil.?The
klanpiis of Breadalbanu rides otil of hi.*
iuusc a hundred miles in a straight line U
lie sea, on his own properly. The Dukt
>f Sutherland owns llie county of Slither
and, stretching across Scotland from sea t<
ea. The Duke of Devonshire, besides hi.>
dlier estates, owns OG.OlfD acrtfs in tin
ounty of Derby. The Duke of Uiehmouil
ins 40,000 acres at Goodwood, and 300,00c
t Gordon Casile. The Duke of Norfolk'*
Y.ik, in Sussex, is fifteen miles in circuit
In agriculturist lately bought the Island ol
iCwis, in the Hebrides; it contains 500,"
100 acres. Their large estates are growng
larger. The great estates are absorb
ng the small freeholds. In 1TSG, the soil
>f England was owned by 200,000 corno.
nlioiis mid proprietors; and in 1822 bj
12,000. These broad estates find room on
his narrow island. All over England, scatcred
at sliort intervals among ship-yard*,
nines and forges, are tho paradises of the
obles, where the live-long repose and refinenent
arc heightened by tho contrast with
ho roar of industry and necessity out o'
fhich you have stepped.?English Trails
The Spheres of the Saxes.?All circumtances
well examined, there can be no
loubt Providence has willed that man
Imillil !?<> lll? lioofl /\f ll.o I'..'"""
? ...v mv..m v. nuuKiii irtuu, evuu
a woman is its heart*, that lie "should be
ts strength, as alio is its solace; that he
hould be its wisdom, as she is its grace ;
hat he should bp its mind, its impetus, and
Is courage, asshe is its sentiment, its charm
nd its consolation.?Sir T. Fowtll Huron.
. . ,
That woman deserves not a husband's
^H&rous love, who willjftat greet him with
l smile when ho returns from the hibora of
he day?and. will not chain liim to hiB
?*? **? '
yiuv uj OTTUUtUIIUIIItllllUUIUOl ft.CllOOrii
1 hc^rt. Th> ro is not one in a thousand
hat i.? so unfeelingyaa to withstand wcll^an
n.fluence aqjT break . frprtr roch a
I Tho following selection is peculiarly applicable
to the present condition of affairs
ui this country, ami \v? commend its attentive
perusal to all persons.
Melancholy, despair, indulgence in grief,
cowardicc ami weakness beneath allliction
or misfortune, are nearly allied to sins; ami,
indeed, if severely ami accurately examined,
will he found to bear some iclatiouship to
I blasphemy, as implying a censure of 1'iovidenee,
and a denial of the wisdom and mercy
ol (,!od. \\ e ale not here for otirowti sakes
alone, not to promote our comfort and indulge.
our own feelings, alone ; but, in our
course, of probation, to render allegiance in
j our power to the grand attributes of our
| faith ; to offer duo homage to the Creatoi
j and SavioM- by a worthy and useful ordei!
c i ....
I iujj vi our lives, ami i>y Moing our u'lno-t
I ! ? save our fellow-crcattires. I have <>1?
I served thai, the happiest people in tin* world
; arc generally those who aio most useful in
their sphere, ami who are always ready
; 1 J
to do a neighbor a good turn ; ami also
I that such people invaiiahly evince as iiiiirh
sagacity of mind as kindness of heart.
Antony tin- many coble contributions ol
' | Addison to ihe Spectator, there is a papei
i oil " (.'heel fulness," in which the subject b
1 . . . .
, so beautifully, so loftilv treated, that one'.*
I 1 .. "
; uiiinl is more refreshed, elevated ami en
' j uoiiraged by reading it than by listening t(j
1 j a score of sermons :
j " An inward cheeiI'lilncss,1' says the great
' : essayist, "is an implicit praise ami thanks
" giving to providence umler all iU dispensa
' j lions. It is a kind of ncipiiseence, in tin
j state wherein we are placed, and a scored
1 ; approbation of the 1'ivinc will in his con
duct towards man. A man who iim>s hi'
? best endeavors to live according to the die
1 tales of virturc and light reason, has tvv?
i DCrnetnal sonre.es i f elm ?'f' ,1
( - VMV.( 4 tv?0 111 III*
consideration of his own nature and of thai
lifting on which Ik; has dependence. I
he looks into himself, ho cannot but ivjoict
in that existence which is so lately bestowei
upon hiin, ami which, after millions of ages
will lift still new, and still in its beginning
I low many self eimgratuhilioiis tiaturalh
rise in the mind when it reflects on this
jts entrance into eternity ; when it takes ;
view of those improvable faculties whicl
in a lew years and even at its first settini
out, have made so considerable :i progress
and which will he still receiving an increasi
of perfection, and conseipietitly an incr?as<
of happiness. The coticiousncss of such :
being spreads a perpetual dill'iiMon of joj
! through the soul of a virtu us man, aui
> mnicus lnni look 11 j>ou himself every inomoii
> as more happy thai lie knows how to coti
eeive. Wo li?<l ourselves everywhere tip
t held by his goutiness, and surrounded will
> an immensity of love ami mercy. In short
i we depend upon a Heing whose power iinali
i ties Him to make us all happy l>y an intiii
itv of moans; whose goodness ami trutl
I '"iigage Ilim to make tho^e happy who de
. .>ire il of lliin, ami whose unchangeablenos!
will secure us in tliis happiness to all eter
t. nilv. Such considerations, which even
one should perpetually cherish in hi
I thoughts, will banish from us all that so
i crct heaviness of heart which unlhiukiii'
. men are subject to when they lie under n<
i real affliction ; all that anguish wbich w<
may feci from an)' evil that actually op
( iMt.-oi;* IIS- ,'IIMI L'SlaltllSll III US SIK'll fill 0V01
. cheerful temper as makes us pleasing t<
, ourselves, to those with whom we con
verso, and lo Him whom we were made t?
, please."
Let the timorous and despondent rea<
those line and vividly expressed thoughts
and take heart again. They form hut ;
fragment of the essay; and though tliej
are hy no means the host?there being i
rare equality of merit throughout the wlioh
performance?they are good specimens
I and, we trust will tempt the reader to stud)
the composition in its entire form for hi;
own pleasure and profit. All ihe composi
lion of Addison teem with this bright ant
niiuivAUIIIC |MIIIUSO|>liy. \> e rt'JOICO II) tll<
surely of their immortality in llio curtain!}
that otir posterity, generation after genera
lion, will profit l.y them ; ami they aro cul
I ciliated so expressively to strengthen, enno
Lie and sweeten th<? nature of every reader
and they aro written so pleasantly, and yel
with so much force, that few who read can
fail to lay them to heart. Addison himsell
was one of the most beautiful characters
' that ever trod this earth?a true Christian
1 gentleman genial and elevated, through
every phase of his life, in every lino his
. genius prompted. And be it remembered
that ho?this cheerful and placid one?no
more escaped his trials and sorows than his
fellow creatures : but amidst them all, however
KAVfifft nwl lrtffor l?r> ulivntra liipnn.l o
serene and hopeful fac? to tho world. His
cn^er was one of constant vicissitude of
fortune up to the few last years of it; but
the self-respect ar.d dignity of the Christian
gentleman hover failed him.
Dr. Johnson on Teaching ?The master
was severe, ant^ wrong-headedly severe.?
Qe used to beat us unmercifully ; 1ind he
did not distinguish between ignorancc and
negligence ; for ho would beat a boy equally
for not knowing a thing aft for neglecting to
know it. For .instance, lie would call a
I boy up, anJ ask him Latin.fo^ candlestick,
Which the boy could notoxftectto I>e asked.
jfr^, 8'r' A cou^ an>wer VV6X* qi??
Since wo published the article on hair
lotions, ;t few weeks since, we nave received
several Icllers from correspondent*,
thanking lis fur tlie information ; and in
some of t lieso, re<|iiesls liave l>e?n made for
j matter as relialile regarding liatr dye%
| which are generally sold at high prices.
The hair dyes principally composed of ni'
tr.ite of silver are the most convenient ami
be>(. 'J'his salt of silver, when applied in
Mlllltioil lo 11 nil- mill nvnnwiil
^ - Vv n^H'i wir
! verts it either into :i dark brown br black,
according to tin; strength of tliu solution ;
l>ut il possesses tin: tl?-f?-ct of s'.ailiiiig tlio
1 skin while it colors the hair; litis result,
j however, can l>e avoided if moderate caro
i is exercised, as wc shall describe!
| Take twenty grains of gallic acid, and
dissolve them in an ounce of water in an
| ounco vi.il ; then take twenty* grains of n><
trali: of silver, and dissolve thoiu III half
an ounce of soft water, to which should lio
added a weak solution of gwin arabiu or
starc-h, and forty drops of ammonia, so as
, to liil ati outlet* vial. The gallic acid is
; now applied to the hair with a sponge, and
allowed to dry ; the nitrate of silver solu
lion is iIm-ii applied in tlx: same maimer,
and allowed to dry under exposure to blight
liirht. In about ten minutes let tin; hair
1 lu! washed, am! it is found to lie colored
' i from "lev to a dark brown. This is a ijood
I i i .
lye; ami although il colors the linger nails
and the hair, it scarcely stains the skin?
the gum arabie and gallic aciil preventing it
i from doing this, ('onsiderahlit of the. coloring
mailer is washed "ll'looselv. but enough
t . - ?
, is taken up bv tin* capillary lubes to dyo
i tiic liair. Tim ammonia may be omitted,
i ami a weak .solution of ihe hydto-sulphuroc
^ of ammonia used as a wash upon lliu lop
. of tlie silver, afl<T tlie laller has been on
, about live minutes. This is called iho
i ? i...:.. .1. ? i : <
I ii is so rapiu ill
its action. Kiihcr ammonia or hvdro-sulj
' phuict of ammonia is necessary to color
I gr?'V hair Mack ; a strong solution of gall*
or sumac mav be suhsiitut? <1 f??r tin; irallio
I ac'ul. The sulphuict of potassium (in solu!
tion) may be substituted for thu gallic acid,
1 [ the ammonia and lire sulplmretof ammonia,
hv :ippl> ing il to the. hair first, and then
allowing it to dry before the silver solution
r .
| is put on. It has a disagreeable odor, how'
! ever; but this may be counteracted by a perfume,
such as oil of bi.-rgamot, lavender, or
rose water. In applying any nitrate of silver
solution to the hair, some care should
j be exercised to prevent it touching the skin.
?Scimli/ic American.
A Royal Tjtitli/.?Our lady readers will
- be interested in the following description of
k flip KtHriull *.1.1 ?
, ! est daughter, from tlie pen of n correspondent
of an Ahctdecii journal :
"With the rcinemhranoo, ;is if had been
i yesterday, of I lie boom (if the guns which
- j announced her birth, I was scarcely prcs
pared lo find her a full grown woman, taller
by a couple of inches than her mother, and
' carrying herself with the. ease and grace of
s womanhood ! It is no stretch of loyalty or
- courtesy to call the Princess ltoyal pretty.
X Slio is perfectly lovely. The regularity of
> her features is perfect. IIcr eyes are large
a and full of intelligence, imparling tro her f*ca
- that sort of merry aspect which indicate*
1 I
i jjouij iiiiinor.
> The nose and nioutli ar? delicately ancl
- exquisitely formed, the latter giving an
> effect of great sweetness. The l'rinecss in
more like her father than her mother. She
1 is like the (jueeti in nothing hut her noso.
? In all other respefts she is a female imiigo
1 of her father. I should add, as interesting
* to your ladv readers, that she wears her
1 Imir slightly off her forehead ; not pushed
' hack in ilie Kugenie fashion, but brushed
> latitudinally from tli#e temples, and raised
at the sides ahove the ear iu bandeau*
s (really the ladies must excuse me if I am
- ...ii.:? - r i * ? ?--*
i.iiivmi" iiuuwini', iui 1 iliivu nui yiVUII IIIHI
' hostage to fashion which would enable mo
! to speak en cut ha Ira.) Well, at any rale,
the 1'riucc.ss is fair enough to bo the heroine
of a fairy tale, a-;d the Prince Frederick
should consider himself a lucky fellow, for
he is to we! this pretty girl on Tuesday
' next, January 25.
t A Word nf Advice 10 looting Men.?Tho
I* Ohio Farmer, in some sensible remarks on
( women's rights, has the following psira,
gup'" =' '
Wo would beg to suggest another right
which we think a woman is entitled to, and
that if, to have something else besides flat'
tery and nonsense talked to her. Wo would
venture to remark to our young mon, that
a sensible young lady is at least as sensible
as a foci of a young man; perhaps, in some
cases, even more so. Don't think
yourself disagreeable, if your face is not al- ? .
ways spoiled wiih a smirk, a moustache or .v'
a simper. Tho laughing hyena is not beauideal
of every young lady. Take our ad- ' *
vico, and venture to talk gnodr&unso; in
good grammar, and with a., natural Voice
and countenance, to tho first ydung lad/
you meet; it is her right to be addressed in-. o
this way, an# it is your right and duty, to
doit. " < J
Lord Chesterfield heard?itTemarkedl1bfcfc
tpnn is the only creature that is endbWowd^
witli tbdjpo^er^l laugliter, "True," said

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