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The Abbeville banner. (Abbeville, S.C.) 1847-1869, May 12, 1859, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85026945/1859-05-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM.1 '
* Tma ^111033 ?r I.HJEHTT I? ETHnMAt. VX011,Alffo? ?" ' " ^ J1
BY DAVIS & CREWS. ' ? IPAYABLE IN ADVANCE
ABBEVILLE. S. C., THURSDAY MORNING MAY 1-> toy) ~ 1 1 .
THEBimsOFARHODR " ^ . V| ,,, ' VOI XVI IV "
A HKICTIt OF nATOU HIUDUtl.
Tlio events I nm going to relato happened
wlicn I was a mere boy, scarcoly out of
my tcctiij hut 1 have known the heroine,
and, you too have known lior, but much
Inter. Wliero tlio unseemly heap of
broken bricks and mortar I have shown
yon lay, arose once a stately mansion, from
Xvlioso bright windows tlio sound of music
and merriment nightly told of tlio life of
pleasure its happy inmates led. It was
Ylboul tho timo that Spain retroceoded
"this colony (Lourisana) to the French, who
sold it to tho United States. Don Ni\3cnt0
de Ahnedo was one of tlio richest
Kpanish gentlemen to bo found in the
'colony ; there was his villa, and here ho
icqit his most precious treasure, his daughter
Maria, or ATariquita la [hula, as sho
was commonly named by her numerous
admirers. Maria was the life of her old
father, his love for hor amounted to
Adoration; Iho old hidalgo thought and
drompt only of his daughter; to satisfy
all hor wishes, all her whims, was his continual
6tudy. She was motherless, and she
was his only child. Maria at sixteen was
justly termed a beauty; of jtclilc stature,
her hands and feet were thoso of a child ;
hor raven tresses would havo touched her
foet, if froed from tho gold comb tliat kept
Ihoin twisted.like a crown over her well
shaped head, ller largo black eyes, that
told of her Castilian bluod, shone with a
light divine, and whilst they revealed all
tho sweet gentleness of her soul, a sparklinnr
frlntmn wnnlil toll lmiu il./?
----o o ? ? ??
passion which slept in her rjtiiet heart.?
Hor facc was charming; an arch smile
played around her red lips, and her voice
had a musical sweetness that wont to
tho heart. No wonder then that kIio
was tho admired of all admirers. Hundreds
of young men sighed for her.?
Several duels had been fought by despairing
lovers. Don Viccntc had roceived
overtures from many aristocratic
and wealthy families, but his invariable
answer was that Maria would not be
controlled by liitn, but niako lior own
choice.
That choice was made at last. Charles
l)u Mosnil, a gay young Frenchman, was
llie happy mortal, lie was young, rich
And braro ; ho lored truly anil sued with
nil tho oloquenco of love. Maria's .heart
was his. Tho old father felt at first a kind
of jealouoy, when he saw that his daughter
shared with another that affection which
had been his alone; besides, there were
many gallant young Spaniards, in all tho
oijuals of I>u Mesuil. Why should his
daughter choose a foreigner, and that, too,
when he ?aw that Louisana returned to the
French, and ho had resolved on returning
to Spain. Hut when ho saw how happy
bin child was; when he Raw that radiant
face, mado more beautiful still by the light
of lovo; when ho learned to appreciate
luuy mo nouic nature 01 tlio young frenchman
; lio would put no obstacle to their
happiness, and fixed the day for their nuptials.
How quick tho few months' delay
passed fur the old man, and jret how
kIow time seomed *to*run for tho young
lovers. Tho cvo of tho groat day at last
nrrived ; numerous guests had been invited
to tho rejoicing!*, after the roturn
of tho happy pair from tho church ; Maria
wiu) to be married iu tho old Cathedral
whero her mother had bccomc the
happy bride of Don Vicente. On that
cvo, Don Vicente was seized with a violent
fever, and the doctor pronounced his state
dangerous. Maria wished to put oil' her
nuptials, hut the old man would not con
sent to it; he blessed his darling child,and
an old friend and cousin undertook to lead
her to the altar.
Tho ceremony is over ; tho happy ])u
Mesnil clasps his beautiful bride to his
arms, they are in tho family carriage, and
the proud coachman on tho soat starts his
horses to a sharp trot, followed by the numerous
equipages of tho invited guests.?
They will soon arrive ; but what lurid glare
in that, beyond that turn in tho road
"NVhat noise? Onward, onward! Alasj
tho mansion is on fire! lied flames
thrust their curved tongues through the
windows of tho lower floor, and Don Vi.cento's
room is in tho story above.
Father! whero is my father?' crics the
young bride, springing out of tho carriac").
An ominous silenco reigns among
tho horrifiod bystanders, as one of them
points to tho closed window above.?
'Charles! my husband ! Oli ! save iny
frtllier!' l>u Mosnil lias not hesitated.?
Willi presenco of mind and coolness of ac
tion, ho runs to an out house yet untouched
by the flames, and ro appears with a ladder
and an ax. In an instant he is at the
window, and attacks it with repeated
blows. It is open, and a dense smoke is.
suing from it tells the painful fact that the
fire lias gained inwardly. l)u Mesnil disappears
ill the aperturo and Maria falls on
her knees, broathloss, her eyes fixed on that
window, her whole soul in the look with
which she watches it; looking, in her brid*l
dress, with her snowy veil floating
around her head, like the Angel of Mercy
nravinrr for sorno suffering soul. Horror!
1 / "O "
H loud noise is heard and a column of
flame and binokv ascends from llio burning
Louse?tUc roof has fallou iu J What a
?
jjiurcmgcry oi uuguisti rends the air? T
transfixed crowd are nwnkonod from tin
stupor. Marin lias faliou sonseless on t
damp soil. Tliey run to licr ; the doct
who was in tho cortcgo gives her his cart
she rovives, her eyes open, si"; looks arou
with a fixed gaze, and an unearth
wild laugh breaks Irom her lips. Maria
in ad !
You remember having seen, not mai
years ago, for she died, I think, in 18r?0,
poor, decrepit old mad woman, whose pri
cipal resort was tho porch of tho old cat!
dial. You have seen tho littlo urchins ru
ning aftor her, crying ' Ha ! MariqniU
Jfari/juilu la culcnturu /' and if you cv
spoke to the poor old creature, you nu
have noticed that ' J'upn' and ' Carlos' wo
tho only two words you over heard h
speak. J hat decrepit old hag, tlio pla
tiling of vagabond littlo boys, depende
upuii public charity fur her daily brca
and who was found dead ono cold mor
ing under the porch of the old Cathcdr
was Maria do Almodo, tho rich hoiross, t
far-famed beauty, tho brido of au hour.jYcw
Orleans Ptcuyunc.
The Frcnth Improved System of A,
tilb ry?It is affirmed that tho new syste
of artillery which has boon under exai
nation for more than two years past is no
completed, and the last experiments ha
decided its adoption. The various calibr
that before existed arc according to tl
plan, reduced to two?Impounders
siege guns, aul i pounders field guns. Tl
pieces aru rilled; the projectiles are hollo'
and produce a double effect?that of sol
shot and shell. Their form is conical, at
leaden aikites give to tlie bull .1 precisit
never obtained before. Tbc informant
the correspondent in Paris say,
' In order to give an idea of tbc teriib
effect of these new pieces it swUioes to s;
j lliat a 12-pounder (new model) will wil
one-half tho number of shots of the o
pieces of 24, produce tho same clTect; at
the now pattoru 12-pounder produces ;
seventy metres, tho tamo result as tho ol
24 at tlnrty-livo, and requires no inoro thsi
one-sixth of the charge. The projeclili
penetrate into a block of stone of the hai
est cement to an extent of eighty ce
timctres, (more than two feel) and a
enormous breacli is made by the explosioi
Tlie advantges of tho 4-pounder are *ti
more remarkable. It requires but 50
grammes of powder to throw a ball
distance of ono kilomctrical leaguo. T1
precision is such that at the distance i
3100 metres it strikes a single man o
horseback, and at that distance would c
stray a body of cavalry or infantry. A
tho pieces constructed on tlio now systei
are loaded at tho muzzlo, the loading :
the breach being givon up, as many exp<
iments have shown it to bo inconvcnien
and oven dangerous, so much as t
counterbalance tho advantages. Scientifi
men aftirm that these improvements ha\
raised tho art of destruction by artillery t
all but perfection.'
Early History of Gas.?It appears lb;
the first ideas upon tho subject of lightin
streets and buildings with gas, was throw
out by a German chemist named Lain pi
dius, in a work on tho art of mining, put
lished in Germany in 1801. It was follov
.^.i ?i~ : ? > '
m\m. uim miprovcu uy JjcDon, i
Franco,tlic inventor of the thcrmo lam]
The gas for the supply of this lamp was pr<
duocd from the combustion of wood, but :
a great quantity of wojd was required I
keep the lamp burning, this experiment It
to no important results. In 1810 and 181
the English began to supply the gas obtaii
ed from tho burning of coal for this purpos
and brought the lighting of the streets an
manufactories, l>y means of this gas, to pe
taction. The great superiority of the Hn<
lish process over that of Lampuditis and L
bun consisted in this, that the gas was a<
cumulated in large vosscls before it ws
burnt, and thus could be preserved in tti
gasometers till it was needed, while the
were obliged to consume theirs as fast as
was produced. This mode of lighting cai
not bo inado profitable excopt where biti
tninous coal can be obtained at a modern)
! _ Ti -
jmcu. it, was uoi unui J815 that sonto c
the streets of London, and other Knglisl
towns and cities were lighted in this mantle
In 1817, it was mado use of in the polj
technic institute at Vienna; and in 1818, e)
perimeuts were mado preparatory to th
lighting of thai city. Coal will soon L
superseded by water, which makes a pure
and stronger light, and has been mado wit
perfect success.
Not in a Bussing JIamor?.As tho p
lite omnibus agent of tho Injxington an
IiOiiisville Kailroad was going through tli
adios' car, chocking baggage, ho askod
vo.rv nrftllv crmnrr l?J? if ?' ? ' ?
?J , J J 1, ?u? mm lllljf Uil
gage sho wished taken to a Iiolel. Sho 1
plied ' No, sir.' The agent then asked 1i<
if sho would take a ''bus. Sho instant!
gave him a vory sweet smile, and i
plied, '.?lo, sir, I am not in a bussing li
mor this evening.' Tho agent dropped h
memorandum book and returning to ll
baggage car, said he felt unwell.
In Mexico, everybody is supposed to I
an ex-President who woriiftj a cloaii ehi
and keops his hands washed." And iii th
country, overy politician expects to bo Pr<
ident, whether ho has a shirt or uot.
ho tliK OAM K OF SCANDAL. fru
L'lr OT ANNA COUA HITCII1H. If
lio Ilavo you evor played at " 8cftndnl)M not
or friend ? Puro must tlio heart bo that focl.s for
is; no sudden pang of conscionce at that i
nd bomb-liko question. Hut tho startling blij
I)', query, in this instaneo, mildly refers to a aev
is game called ' SoandHl,' tho delight of brc
juveniles ,l loo joyous to bo very wise, dai
ny Vet id thero wisdom and warning enough dal
r in the gaino itself to forco tho conclun
sion that its origin was in tho brain of hoiuo h.n
ic- sago satirist who hid n sober moral with a has
n- sportive mask. wsi
tf The playeis sit in a row; tho ono at tho md
er head whispers to his neighbor a coininuni- <"i
ly, cation concerning some absent friend ; the I?'a
re neighbor whispers tho news, as he hears bul
er it, to the ono next to him, who conveys om
y- mo intelligence, still in a whisper, to the al
t ono nearest; thus it is imparted again 51,1
I, and again until it reaches the end of
- tho line. As tho sentcnco is transmit- ro^
1 ted from mouth to mouth, it U uniutenIto
tionally, unavoidably altered, tlio words gra
? have Leon incorrectly caught by tho lis- ^lo
tening ear?with each repetition they un- l'1''
dergo a change?by tho time tho fien- l'0'1
r~ tenco has traveled to its journey's close 100
m it has passed through so many strnnge
n? mutations that it bears not the slight- ''es
,w est rcseinblauco to tho original phrase.? cru
v0 Every ono is requested, beginning at tho 1101
03 last hearer, to dccluro what information '"u
1IS concerning Mr. or Mis. or Miss P',(
ul was confided to him, and lot through ' sc
,e theso singular transitions, tho harmless as- mc
sertion has become a monstrous slander! ^
This'scandal'was obviously tho oll'spring ^ ^
of inadvertent, unconscious misroprosenta>n
tion. As the story is traced through all back 1U"
its crookcd paths, tho most hilarious incr- '
, * t eve
5 rimcuL is excited by its odd metamor'c
piloses. j
ly The young play this game in jest for
the sake of the mirth it awakens ; their
seniors are playing it in sober, fatal earnest^ t ,c.
,u all the world over, and like them, fur the 1,1,1
:it sake of mere amusemont. Ayo, playing it
^ daily without self reproach?playing it
1,1 without dreaming that they are 1 coitiors 'ltl
"8 of scandal and clippers of reputation1? J^C
^ playing it without reflecting that their
" game can produco nioro dangerous con1,1
sequences thau tho 6port of tho chil- 1
dren. l'S!,;
" Let us not confound these comparatively ^
0 innocent scandal-mongers with that vcn- 'lH"
a oinous class whose adder lilco filings are
10 aimed witli malicious purpose?whose poi- 0,1
sonous tongues hlackcu the fairest fame for ^'U 1
11 the sheer delight of traducing?whose
1 . spir
Upas breath withers tho freshest llowers of j
" innocenco with ils invisible touch?whose *"
11 defiled hands stir up tho mud in purest ^ ^
streams of lifo?whoso jaundiced eyes sea
ir all creation through a distorted medium
t, ?whose splenetic natures aro constantly ^
? goaded by envv and armed with (ho deadly
IC weapons of liatred. Against thoso, tho ' c
0 sagest poet that the sun ever shown upon, r
10 tells us that there is no regis that can pro* '
toct oven the immaculate.
. , . apn
^ " 2\o might, no greatness in morality
Cnn censure 'scape?bark-wounding calumny
? Tlio whitest virtue strikes. Whulking so ntrong ''o'1
11 C<\n tie the gall up in iho slanderous toniruc? to J
Since the world has no social .Persons
J" who can lift an invincible sword to slay Obi
7 these gorgons, tTiey arc not our theme. lion
n To them tho players in tho world's great nav
P" gamo of scandal' bear little resemblance. as l
J' Tho latter are vivacious, courteous, agreea- >n t
ble, respectable members of society. If Sl,n
? the whole truth must bo spoken, we 001,1
:(^ arc bound to admit that these graceful
* babblers arc chielly of tho gentler ^ss
1 sox. ,l'iJ
G' Since the world besran women must have
<1 "/
had an especial gift of speech, for the very ^
r" namo of ' live,' according to Buxtort's IIo- tc|p
?" brew Lexicon, is derived from a root which jjsj
signifies ' to talk;' thus her temptations to ^)a|.
c* indulge in idle strictures must be great- j,
13 cr than thoso of her moro taciturn broth- r
or.
wcr
J lint the amiable newsmongers. who am
, ... ? ' ? ? ijlll
1 playing this 'game of scandal' with honied '
l" lips and 6iniling eyes, mean no harm.? " r>(
1 Theirs are random arrows shot in sport? rj"
0 yet the shaft scathes, be.the linnd l>y which jjj
^ it was aimed ever so white ! Some charm- jyoi
ing, giddy-pated creature, with unbridled j|)fr
r' levity of tonguo, gives breath to a good QJ?
story (not particularly good natured) about lcr
c" a certain poor dear friend of her^?tho j
c news is whispered in the car of tho noxt t
e neighbor, kind 1 Mrs. Clackitt,' and being jiea
r mpcrfoclly heard or not thoroughly under- r
stood undergoes an unintentional change
(as in tho famous gamo wo havo cited.)? j)0r
1 Mrs. Clackitt,' with eager volubility conj
fides tho secret to the first person she meets. ^
q Good Mrs. Grim chances to be of a sarcas- '*
tic turn of mind, and tho tale assumes a
?i ' uii a
satirical countenance?it is wafted onward WJM
k until it reaches Miss lJulm, a very humane j
and tender-hearted crossip?in her svmna- irt ?
31" w# * ( * *
thetic bosom it is woighcd down wilh sucli tlia
^ a pressure of pity, that tho features of the ',av
? travojing story arc smoothod into ft now ^
ja shape. A fow more stops onward?a few J
more pleasant touches from rosy lips anjl 0j> j
snowy hands?and the original lineaments ]10
aro wholly obliterate). '
,e But is this all? What becomea of the and
rt heroine of tho game? How shall she aro
19 break loose from the tangled web woven ? Sfl
?s by mere i<JIo talk! Whijho.r shall slro fly gjv
111 tho subbing of inconsequent tongues ?
her lacerated reputation ever heal, will
^ those wounds leavo a disfiguring Hear
life ? ' 1
Fairest prospocts havo been hopelessly 1
jilted?strongest tics of friendship disercd?lovo
transformed to liato?hearts i
ikon?lioines ina<lo desolato through tlie
ly playing of this merry gamo of ' scan- I
' al onr firesides?in our walks?in our i
ial gatherings. The most zealous player t 1
ring no evil end in view, if told that ho 1
i dealt a blow to a friend or dono a I
glibor a wrong, would meet tho charge 1
igiiant and aghast. Vet the game goes
bravely, from day to day I Wo wil' i
y it, quite innocent of malice?givo a i
let to tho (lying tale to send it i
ivard?half expiring with laughter
the quaint, fantastic shapes it as- i
nes. I
Without presuming to don tho Rolomn <
ics of tho social reformer, which might i
it from uuregal shoulders with as little t
,oc as tho usurped lion's skin in tho fa,
may wo not venture to suggest an an- ;
Jte to the bane of this popular death- <
ding game ? W e fear it is one almost i
simplo to strike?\"et simplest herbs 1
to counteracted deadliest poisons. Il 1
iu resolutely setting our faces against !
iliting any injurious rumor by the relluc i
i that the story is, iu all probability, an ;
stration of the marvelous melainor- I
JSC* wrougiii oy mat magical game of j
andal' which wo, and all the world, aro ?.
i lily playing. t
)r. Dull said recently at a inocting at <
cutta, 1 Caste has, like a cedar, struck its (
Is doep into every crevico of t!ie Hindu
lire, wound itself, like the ivy, round
ry stem and branch of Hindu intellect >|
md tinged, as with a scarlet dye, every r
ing and eiuolioii of tho Hindu heart.
reaches to the tinhorn child?it directs j
nursing of the infant. It shapes llio s
niiig of j*outh?it regulates the actions
manhood?it settles the attributes of old
It enters into and modifies every re- |
onship of life?it moulds and gives com (
icion to every department of society. j"
>d, and raiment, and tho very functions
naturo must obey its sovereign voice, j,
ill overy porson.il habit, every domestic
go, every social custom, it is insepara- t
interwoven. From tho cradle to tho
s
2ral nail, it sils lil-n
4 , ? | ....MX.g bu,,<u<1 j.
tlic helm, guiding, directing and do- ^
muing every movement of tho inner and a
?r man. I'eyoud tlio ashes of the j
sr.il pile, it follows tlio disembodied
.1)
it to the world of shades, and fixes its
Liny there.'
'ho relation between the Scandinavian
tho Hindu faiths: 'This remarkable
it,' (the belief that ' the gods' created
Hraliam would como to an end at the o
10 time that tlio earth does,) ' is unpar t
led, wo boliovc, in tho religions of the r
Id, savo in that of the old Norsemon of j
ope, who beliovcd that Odin and his _
on eohonlidate crods ruled on!v fnr An .1
?J u
ointod timo and would bo overtaken 0
ast by that dread day called 1 tko twi- ??
it of gods,' when all things were to coino p
m end. Is not this ' twilight of the a
s'the Ihalnnan'a ' night of Brahma?'
serve, also, as another striking indica J
i of tho relationship between the Scandi tl
inns and the Indian Aryans, that, just e
he latter had their sacred Mount Merit o
ho middle of the earth, with the sea |,
ounding all and other worlds lying con \
Lrie around it, so tho Xorse had their ?
>nt Asgard, (tlio abode of < >din a> d tlio [
ii\) in llie midst of Midgard 01; the .]
die earth,' ifcc.?Iilttckwood. t|
I Print ivy Tc/r>/r(tj>h I'cal.?As an evi- !l
co of tlio success of illc printing 1
graph, a statement has been pub- I
cd from which wo take tho following
ticulars: t
ivcry day for threo consccutivo weeks 'J
n livo to six columns of SickloB' trial
0 sont to Now York from "Washington >
f, over the wires of tlio Ainorican Tele I
ph Company, at an average j>f 2,000 to A
30 words per hour, and with an accu 1
f almost miraculous. I11 order to come
liiti the mark, we will put tho average at "
II 12,000 to 15,000 words per day, inak ^
tho aggregato for the twenty days about c
hundred columns, and furnishing mat *
enough for an octavo volumo of six n
idred closely printed pages, and thi?f e
, without serious detriment to a very
vy business to the regular private pat 'I
3 ci me imo . il is ocncvei) Hint such a }'
, in telegraphing lias never before been a
formed. p
V printer at a diiinor table, being asked ^
0 would take some pudding, replied :
ing to a crowd of other matter I am
kblo to make room for it. His 'inside' j
1 already full.
V captain of a privatcor, who had been
in engagement, wrote to his owners 0
t he had received but littlo damage? "
ing only ono of hia hands wounded in 1
nose. I
Hie (alitor of a well known magazine t
ars a goatee. A wag noticing his habit '
liandhng it while writing, suggested that
wm? milking his bruins I, , r
I
Dioru are around us thousands and thoua I
Is of hoincs, all tlio chambers of which M
made <laf1c or "chcetlons for lack of j
nail, sweet coiM tosios* yf life, so ejiceply %
en. and 30 musical iu-their effect. t
J
DANIEL WKBSTER ON SUNDAY SCHOOLS. E
M.vusiiuki.d, Juno 10, 1802.
Pkok, I'easi:?JDtar Sir: 1 httvo received
your very ablo and interesting Annual
Report of tlie Condition of tlio Now c
York Sabbath-School Association, nr.d 13
read it with great pleasure aud instruction. 11
it is gratifying, very gratifying, to loam '
dial "in a city where vieo and immortality
run riot with impunity," a few humblo
Christians liavo devoted their timo and
? c
anergics to tho cause of religion, and I ^
fervently pray tint your labors may bo
crowned with success.
Tho Sabbath-School is one of tho great
institutions of the day. It leads our youth 11
in tlio path of truth and morality, and 1
makers them giod men and useful citizens.
A -1 1 C . f- - - n
* stiiuui ui icuyious instruction, it, is ul I n
inestimable value ; as a civil institution, it j
If
Is priceless, and lias done inoro to preservo i
[>ur liberties than crnvo statesmen and i c
f
umcd soldiers. Let it then bo fuslcred
until the end of Tiino! 1
I onco defended a man charged with tlio ^
iwful crime of murder. At the conclusion c
>f the trial, I asked him what could liavo *
lid need him to stain his hands with the ^
toou of his fellow being. Turning his 11
jlood shot oyos full upon me, ho replied in ?
i voico of utter despair: "Mr. Wobslor, in E
nv youth i spent the holy Sabbath in evil 11
unuscrnenls, instead of frequenting the "
iouso of prayer and praiso." Could wo "
jo back to the earlv days of all hardened a
t I i: ? ? ...i ?
..........i.-., i ui'iicvu, jus, 11 riniy ocnevc,
hat llicir first departuro from the path of
norality was when they abandoned tho
^ahbuth-school, and their subsequent crimes ^
nijjht thus be traced back to neglect of
... o
,-ouihfuI religious instruction.
. ri
Many years ngo, I spent n Sabbatli with
riiomas Jefferson, at his residence, in Virginia.
It was in tho month of Juno, and c'
lie weather was delightful. While engaged w
11 discusing the beauties of the Bible, tlio a
mind of a bell broko in upon our ears, ^
rlien turning to the Sago of Mouticollo, I
emarked, "How sweetly, how very sweot- a1
v sounds tho Sabbath bell !" Tho distin- ?'
pushed statesman for a moment Bcemed ^
jst in thought, and then replied : "Yes
r . 9 SI
ny dear ^Vebstor; yes, it molts tho heart
I ! ?"
u uiimis wnu |?;?s3iuiis, ami makes us boys ^
.gain." llore I observed that man was
C(
lio only animal formed for religious wor- ^
hip, and that notwithstanding all llio sojihstry
of Epicurus, Lucretius, and Yoltairo
lie Scriptures ntood upon a rock as firm,
s immovable as truth itsolf: that man. in
bj
lis purer, loftier, breathings, turned tho
ueutal eyes towards immortality, and that
lio poet only echoed the general Eentimont lc
f our nature in saying that? it,
The RonI Hoourc in her cxislcnco, Bnii!e3 ]
At the drawn dagger, nitd defies its point " ^
Mr. .Jcilerson fully concurred in this
pinion, and observod that tbo tondoncy of |r
lie American mind was in a different di- *'
oction ; and that Sunday schools?( he ,n,]
id not use our more correct term Sabbath) *
?nrnnnnliiil !>? ntiln 1 i T - i - ----
j.. ?.. ?v. buu umj. lu^iviuiiut) iiioitiis uncr
tho Constitution, of avoiding tlio rock 91
n whiob tho Fronch republic was wrecked. ?'
Burke," be said, "never uttered a more im- ?'
ortant truth than when he exclaimed that 111
'religious education was tho cheap de- 01
nice of nations.'" "Raikes," said Mr. /
eftersen, "has done more for our country 111
linn the present generation will acknowl
dge: perhaps, when I ain cold, ho will ^
btain his reward; I liopo so, earnestly 1:1
opc so : T am considered by many, Mr.
Vcbster, to have little religion, but now is
ot tho tiino to correct errors of this sort. ai
have always said, and always will say, 111
liat the studious perusal of tho eacrcd vol e'
me will inako better citizens, better fathers
nd butter husbands. Of the distinguished
tuiket;, he was clarum el venerable uomcn." <U
re
took tho liberty of saying that I found
nore pleiisure in llebrow poetry than in ju
ho best productions of Greece and Kouio. ^
.'hat tho "harp upon the willows by Baby .
on" had charuis for mo beyond anything
n the numbers of the blind man of Smyrna.
then turned to Jeremiah (tlicro was a
ino folio of tho Scriptures before me of .
158.) and read aloud some of those sub ^
imo passages that used to delight me on
uy father's knee. But I fear, my dear ^
rianrl T atiall lira i-nii ...III.
........ - ....... ...v jvii xiiu iiijr jirunx iic
ount of what was a pleasant Sabbath, '
pent in the company of ono who has fillfcli ^
. very largo spaco in our political and lit '
rnry annals.
Thanking you for your report and heart
ly concurring with you in tlio truth of
our quotation, that ".Righteousness ex ^
Iteth a nation-, but sin is a reproach to any te
icople," I remain, with a high regard, tli
our friend, hi
D. "Wkustku.
A. celebrated physician said to Lord ^
Sldon's brother, Sir William Scott, rather ^
nore flippantly than bocaine the-gravity m
T his profession, "You know, after forty a fa
nan is altfaysolther h fool or a physician." m
ii.-i - .i.?? - 1,1
ug uaronei arcniy repned, in <W irisiuuaing
voice, "Perhaps he-may be botb-, doc j
or."?Lord IJrdugbab/s Stat?sfnen,' 0f
* ** **' ^ >'?7?7,
A gelitletrianl bearingtt?at a literature ^
?rc(ender with a 'plentiful jack of witf' bad c]
wien. seized wilk lyuin fever,.dryly observed, tfe
D,-tl.e thing' is P - ''VVby impos ?t
ibie'T > tl?r i'nforinaut.'Because,' ^
?a*tlre*epty, 'tbofe^ no feundatioii'ftft !
% * J .? ? fftf4'\r .?* *v: - ; ? ?
lig foyctoi the rcjioi t/ V?i
i
??
XCAVATI0N9 ON THE SITE OF THE ANCIENT
CITY OF UKICONIUIt.
"Wo havo previously noticed tlie cxcnva ']
ions oil llio site of tho ltoinim city of L'r- ,JOt
onium, now the vilhtgo of Wroxoter,on the n|
>evern, and on tho ancient Walling street. f0ss
boat six miles from Shrewsbury. One mu
articular object of antiquity, a portion of a QU
rail of] Ionian architecture, about 20 feet
igli, and 100 feet long, still remains. On str(
be 3d of January last, tho excavations were wj,
ominenced, und ?r tho direction of Afr. ]
Mioinar Wright, F. S. A., of London, and <!!?-:
>r. IT. Johnson, of Shrewsbury; since cle,
diich time several hundred feet of the orig- is i
nal walls havo been traced. The por- mo
ion of the si to excavated is in the immcdi- the
lo vincinity of the old wall standing above hoi
;round, and the trench was dug fourteen tint
L'et deep to the foundations. Tho walls wit
jllowed fur a considerable length, and the po(
xcava'ions formed a parallelogram 22G mo
jet by 27. In this portion, some very beau- rici
iful specimens of tessclated pavement have am
ceil found, besides several silver and other the
oinn ot liio leignsot Nero, Trajan, Dotniti liai
inn, Antoninus, Pius, Valens, Constantino fru
'hoodosius, tfcc. Numerous chaslo spoci me
lens ofSamian waro havo been picked up, gie
n one of which may bo traced tho letters str<
lsi, being evidently tho work of tho Ho mi<
jail potter, Cel.si," bronze i ings, fibula?, mil
xe beads, roofing slates, with tho original sue
ails still attached, an iron tripod, horns to
nd tusks of tlio red deer and wild boar, up<
jgetlier with numerous other relics, have nia
omo to light. On tho 9th instant, how- {),;<
vcr, tlio most important dieovery yet mado fiU.,
laddencd the eyes of the explorers.? 1
ibout forty feet from the West end of the eiei
Id wall a trench was oponcd, running at flol
gbt angles thero with, in cutting which lie |y <
ccavators discovered n nnnimi ?.f i'
-- i n,viffi:
uist, or furnncc chamber, whence hea arti
as convcycd through pipes in the wall his
> all parts of tho building, and especially ho
) the baths. This hypocaust is not yet jud
illy traced ; it is semi-circular in appear bos
ico ; the exterior wall is two feet thick, the ouj
ntsidc being plastered with concrete, col- rea
red red; in tho interior aro threo pillars, am
irmed of squaro quarries, which probably ion
ipportcd a floor. Portions of tho ashes of tur
10 fuol used, and some soot, wore found in sioi
io interior. Thoro is amplo evidonco dis- bet
>vered to show that tho anciontcity of tho tiot
ornavi wasdostroyod by (ire. Mr. Wright he
:id othor antiquarians doscribo tho exca- mo
Uions at Wroxcter as tho most important ply
udertaking of tho kind yet coinmencod in snil
ngland.?European Times, 19 th March, and
Fan Not Confined to Man.?Tho fol wing
interesting paragraph is takon from |(
worn entitled "Passions of Animals." >
Small birds chase each other about in play, ^ <
lit perhaps tho conduct of tho crano and
1 1 nici
umpcter is tho most oxlraordina.-y. The
tter stands on 0110 leg, hops about iii the odg
tost ccccnlric uiannor, throws somersets, boo
he Americans call it the mad-bird 011 ac- wrii
nint of those singularities. Water bird*, tho
ich as ducks and geese, div? after each oso]
.her and clear the surface of the water with f0UI
ilstretchod neck and flapping wings, throw tlie
g abundant spray around. Deer often ml,<
tgago in sham battle, or trial of strength as t
y twisting their horns togother, and push- mft|
g for the mastery. tico
All animals preteuding violerico in their wor
ay, slop short of exorcising it; tho dog mut
kes tho greatest precaution not to injure nesf
Y his bite; and thooiirang outang, in wre^l and
i?T with his keener, pretends to throw him. II.i
id make* feints of biting him. Someani- Boo
als carry out in their play tlio semblance of his
itching their prey; young cats, for in. tice
mice, leap after every small and moving his
>jects, even to tho leaves strewed by the or I
iliim wind ; thoy crouch and steal forward witl
ady for tho spring, tho body quivering* tip';
id tho tail vibrating with emotion, they w'f<
nind on the moving leaf, and again ppi ing his
rward to another. Hengger saw young ors
rvnn i-o An/1 %?o . .1.? . I.. ? ? ' * '
mm wugnia Willi 1'ouilu urO
bstances, like kittens. Birds of the mair- c
e kind aro tho aualogues of monkeys? .
11 of mischief, play and mimicry. There illlr
a story of a lamo magpie, that was seen our
lisily employed in a garden, gathering ami
sbhles, and with much solemnity and a l^ei
udied air hurried them in a hole made to
ceive a post. After dropping each stone, sl;l(
cried "currack '." triumphantly, and set suir
1' for auother. On examining the spot, a bilii
>or toad was found in this hole, which the ,no!
agpio was atoning for his amusement. * 'j
?lori
Ajt Editor's Defense of a Fiuknd.? Ben
n editor, vindicating tho private charac hav
ir of a friend, who has buon nailed for JL.or
ic critno of sheep stealing, thus defends liko
im 1 * ' llio
We have known Mr. Thomas for twelve law;
jam. Our acquaintance commenced with bad
ie great equinoxial storm, wlii^h blew f?
>wn our grandfathers harn. "At that caie
ine ho was * young man, in the p'rinlo of trim
"e, and, wo think, raised the host marrow will
t peas that we over ate. Ho was a good but
athematiciuu, kind to tho poor, ami (rou the#
etl with lila. in all the relations of-lure l>rol
father, uncle, and Uutiteo of com moo
nds, ho has followcd-the direct standard Ii
duty. Mr. Thpfitad UUt this tipie foffcy- w}8|
tee yeartr of Wk, ??W|ly niarkwf t with
a small pox; ifn' cauinrtbTo citizen, a ^
lurch fndmtJer, and k man of jkh'Otvrtty an"
gfrity for ten ftitffc . Arid & to sfic^ejpk ^io^fl
easing, Out he'would hate'dotte Tfif ouU
mid get ah opportunity, *ls V?Tth6trt fo'tin ne*t?On
irVpoiriVCf fait. - Mr.Thtfflias could
ivo stolen tnir'Icad pfeficihscVdfal tlriffte', '
it he didn;fc do it. : " *' * ~ 1 B'n
/'mm tht Vallry /'irw?tr?
RE&DINO AND UNRKADINO FARMERS.
I'liero i> a largo clftti of formers who do
appreciate iho advantages of intullectu?
culturo in its relation to their proion
; who do not seem to icnlizc how
ch mind hns to do with funning. They
nt muscle, bono, sinew, as tho grand out*
or a farmer. If he is largo enough, and
)ng enough, lie will do for tho farm,
ether ho has brains or not.
Vow, from all such views we beg leave to
sent. Much as we value bone and mus,
wo prize brain more. Much as strength
1 Coded in the farmer, mind is needed
I.. 1 i- --
in. ? miiituiu a? arc me i????l?1y lorces,
mental forces are still muro so. Tho
iy is but the tool, the mind is the hand
t works it. Mind h :is all-important
h tliu farmer as with tho statesman, tlm
;t, or divine. Tndoed, nowhere is mind
re omnipotent than in tho domain of agullure.
Give the farmer mind enough,
I ho will mako tho "desert blossom as
! rose," and the very rocks yield him
vests. The barren country becomes
itful under tho tillage of intelligent farrs,
while tho richest soil wastes its oners
under tho hand of ignorance, however
)tig it may be. Mind is the farmer's
;ht. As everywhere else, so on tho farm,
id is tho moving force. Farming is
cessful and profitable just in proportion
tho amount of munlal force expended
>n it. "Tlio mind is tho measure of the
n," and farmers must be measured by
3 standard, l'ut that down as a fact?
t number one.
<Vt number two is this: Mind is cflint
in proportion to its culture. In every
J of mental labor, success depends !arg?lan
culture. The best musician is bo
f) cultivates most bis power. The best
i:it is be who gives tho besL culture to
"faculty diviiio." The best navigator is
who studies most, and with tho best
gment, the science of tho sea. Tho
t engineer is tho man who most tborjhly
prepares his mind with tho requisito
dincBs and skill for scaling mountains
1 bridging valleys. The best profess*
nl man is ho who gives tho largest cti\B
to the mind ho employs in his piofcs:.
Just so it is witli the fartrtor. Tho
ter bis mind is cultivated in the diroo
i of his calling, the moro successful will
be'. The moro bo knows the
r? /Ioaq MV ?1 !
... uw iiiacmiiary, 10 Apscioiicc,
to evolve pr'nciples in his pu<r.s,
requiros a cultivated mind. Tbttddl't
[ ignoramus cannot do it. At a gianc'e,
body can see that mind works succesay
just in proportion to iU dogroo of
,uro.
Tow wo have a third fact for the roAdor
is this: Heading is one of the bent
ins of mental enlightenment And cut*
lion. Tho reader is the man of knowlo
and cultiirc. Tho artist studies tho
ks of the Masters. The poet roads tho
Ltoh words offiro aglow on iho pagos of
great or.os gono befdre liittl. The philpher
roads the productions of all proid
thinkers. The professional man read*
books of profession. To be greai, oh6
it roail. Heading dovolops tlio strength
rell ns tiic quality of tho mind. Every
) must road in tho direction of his prucTlie
farmer does not want to read
ks on philosophy, poetry or music, sd
ih ns on farming. Farming is his busii;
his profession. In it ho must iivo,
vise and shines, if he shines at all.?
should have and read a farmer's library:
>ks and papers on farming should bb
study. He should study it and pracit
as a science. So will ho cultivate
mind ; so will he givo a wondrous powLo
his hand ; so will his fields whiteii
1 an abundant harvest; his flocka miiiy
and improve; his home beaulify *, his
> snlih- ; his children crrow un to frlmlilnri
q I O " *
heart and improve tho world, ami hodgnlher
thiek and frtst on hi9 intelligent
w.
/real Lawyers.?The London Jveics thus
ins a biographic sketch of Lord Lyridf>1
: It is a fact to be remarked that alt
greatest lawyers are long lived. On ex
nation it will, however, be found tllrlt
re is nothing extiaordinary Iri the matin
order to enable a man to go through'
amount of work which can alone collate
a successful barrister, you must prele
a physical constitution of iron, a fcap!<:y
of adapting his habits to the requite>t?
of his calling, and organization in'
eh the nervous system is not too pro
linant. The demands on one who un
akes to reach the Woolsack or tho
ch are perfectly well understood, an<1
o been {educed to pithy phrases, such a?
d Eldun's, that "a barrister must livo
,a hermit, and work like a horseor
cynical nmphoriain. that tr> ho n
per or a good judge, you mast liavo r
heart ami a good digestion. Tlieroaro
w instances in which successful advr*
is at the Knglish It ir have for a period
mphqd by tiro mere force of energy and
over difnenltics of bodily organization ;
it has been almost invariably found in
0 eases that they one day unexpected!/
to down and never recovered11
beginning tlio world, if jou don't
1 to. got?hafod at every tarn, fold you#
!o cnrefully, put it under lock afid key^
only let it out to air ofi grand occaI'ride
is a garment, all Stiff brooado
ii<lo, all g rati tig sack-dibt.fi on the sidK
1 to the skin; Even kings doh'i wear
dalmalicutn eicopt at a co^oimtibni?1
uccr.

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