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lab u lUkilhah "THH PH.IOE O P IiIBKHTT IS BTBHKAX. VIGU.AWOB." [PAYABLE IN ADVANCE ABBEVILLE, S. C., THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 2?, 1859. VOL. XVI ,NO 5. 1 b<> a married two years, and lie bad found tn Flora a true and faUliful companion ; ? fond and affectionate wife; and a source of much pure joy and blessedness. In her daily life aho was mild and gentle, performing her various house duties with quiet and orderly despatch, and presiding with so*-eno dignity in the presence of company. And yet she had this one fault. Her husband sought to had her into a field of higher intellect, that she might bear him company in some of his richer feasts of reaaon ; but she did not readily follow him. "Flora, to please me, will you not read this essay ? You will find it very beautiful and very valuable." "I can't !" was her reply, half poutingly, ? J l.-ir i ? ? iiu ii?ii lauguingiy 5 "liut, my sweet wife " "There?now don't ! You know T can't bear such things," Flora cried breaking in upon her husband. lie cast a sad, reproachful glance upon tier, and, when she saw it, she laid her Jinnd upon his shoulder and looked imploringly up into his face. "Now, Charles, you shouldn't feel so. Don't I try to please you, and to make you linppy, by every means within my power?" "All but ibis, Flora?all but this. If you would only please me in this?if you would only please mo here " "You would have me able to converse with your old cottage friends, I suppose ?' "I would have you able to converse understandingly upon ali topics befitting your | station, my love." "Well?it's no use, Charles. I can't study those dry themes. I am just as you look me. I love you very much, and I want to make you happy ; and if you love me as I think you do, you can overlook this one little fault. Have I any other fault you would wish to cure I "No,Flora?only this one." ' Then,1' cried the young wife, slipping Iter arm about her husband's neck, "only think how foolish it is hut. you make yourself unhappy fur so slight a cause. Perhaps it is a fault of mine, but I can't help it. Indeed, you ought to feel very thank, ful that I 1 lave no worse ones." "I do, Flora?I do, most assuredly." "Then kiss me, and say no more about it. There?now I must go and eee to baby. Be a good Charley, and como home early to supper." IIow could lie be offended with such a joyous, loving creature ? lie could not. And yet he wished she was different in that one thing. Iler unwillingness to learn annoyed him more than ho was willing to own, and still he could not work the change he sought. lie could not reach her reason. She would nol listen long enough. She would fly off in a tangent whenever he approached the subject. It washer only fault, and she looked upon it as a very light affair. She did her best to please him in everything else, and surely he ought to bear with her in this. Charles Temple sat in the parlor for some time after his wife had gone, and he pondered deeply upon the subject. ' -If 1 could only make her see this in its true light," he said to himself, *'I am sure she would strive to overcome her repugnance to reading and study. She can learn most rapidly when she is once interested. See what she is in music ? She is the finest singer and player within the wholo circle of my acquaintance. Oh, if she would only try to improve her mind in ftnnlhor inYmrn If olin ivaiiI/I rvnlt* niinllftf ^M.v.v, .. ?VU.? vr..V ^-""V herself to entortnin iny friends in intellectual converse. She could do it if she would ; and I think if she could only thoroughly Understand the case she would try." As Charles aroee from his chair liis eyes rested upon the piano-forte. It was a superb instrument?one which he had purchased only a few months before, and which had been pronounced by good judges to be of the first order in the quality and quantity of its tone. The young man stopped, and pressed his finger upon his brow. He had an idea. It was a curious thought, but he determined to carry it out. He slipped quietly up stairs and got a pair of pincere, and then he returned and opened the piano-forte, and having selected one of the shortest, smallest strings, clear away up in the sixth octave'he let it down just about half it tone. When he had done this he hut up the instrument, and went away to his store. Jn tlie evening i^iiane* cnuw uuniu?Htiy, *s bis wife bad bidden bim, and after tea they repaired to the parlor. For an hour or mora they conversed upon various topics and then the young man asked bis companion to si#g to him one of the tongs he Wed so wcU. She gave bim a kiss, and when he had opened the piano, she seated herself at the instrument. She played a simple prelude, and then commenced the wng. U ita&a sweet, plaiutive thing, full 1 rfsout and feeling, and she sang it with tentar, touching pathos. But she was not to finish it. Right in the middle of one of the most delicate passages she suddenly stopped, and a quick shudder, as though something had grated harshly aud painfully upod her feelings, shook her frame. "What is the matter ?" asked Charles, professing much surprise. ''Mercy !" cried Flora," with another shudder. "What a horrible discord ! Did'nt you hear it?" "I noticed that you stopped. But where was the discord 1" "Why?something must bo tho matter with tho piano. Just wait a moment." Thus sneakies' Flora rail her fincrfirs ovr?r the keys, and in a very few momenta she found the discordant note. Iler ear was very sensitive and the jar of the faulty member really torlured her. "Only hear that V she said. "Are there any more notes out of the way ?" asked Charles. She rau the rest of the keys over, and pronounced them all perfect. "Let us look in and find the string," pursued the husband, at the same time lifting the top of tho instrument back. ' There it is," said Flora, touching the key very lightly, and pointing to the vibrating wire. "What!" exclaimed Charles, "and must vou stop your sweet soncr for so licrbt a thing as that I Come?go on and finish it." ''Finish it! Arc you crazy V' "Not quite, my love. Only I want you to sing to me the rest of the song." "But how can I sing and play with such an abominable discord 1" "Why," urged the husband, soberly and earnestly, "you do not mean to tell me that the simple stretch of that one little string can make such trouble. Just look in here. See how many other strings there are?how many larger, and longer, and heavier. It cannot be that this one poor little thing can be of 60 much account." "Mercy on me, Charles ! I thought you knew more of music than tlmf," returned Flora, almost indignantly. "But do you mean to say that the simple flattening of that one little string throws the whole instrument out of tune ?" tu-ked the young m.'.n, snapping the offending wire with his finger. "Most certainly it does," tho wife answered. "The whole harp might just as well be shattered so fur as the tuneful harmony is concerned." "It is very wonderful," said Charles. "What is wonderful !" asked Flora, looking up into his face. "That one little fault should create such palpable result of eril." "I don't see anything so very wonderful about it," pursued the wife. "A discord is a discord, let it be great or small ; and when the harmony is once broken it is harmony no more." "It is very wonderful," repeated Charles. "But I hope you understand it now." "Yes, Flora,?I think I do. I see that tho piano must depend, for perfect harmony, upon very small things. I understand that even one little fault can destroy all its tuneful power, and throw it into jarring discord. Ifoxo very like the human heart it is ! What ft type this instrument is of Domestic Life. Upon what slight affairs may perfect harmony depend 1" Flora st-irted as theso words fell upon her ear, and as she met her husband's steady earnest gaiie, aha read the full mean-* ;n~ 1.;. i~ g \ji uio nviua? "Charles, sho said, in a hushed, hesitating tone, "you lowered that string ?" "Yes love, I did. I wished to see if you could produce pure, sweet music from your piano while even one of the smallest of its many strings was at fault." "I understand you now," she whispered lying herhead upon his bosom. "What do you understand I" ho asted, winding his arm about her. "You mean," she replied, "that even one slight fault may destroy domestic harmony just as surely as this simple thing has destroyed the harmony oi my piano." "Aye, sweet Flora. Must it not be so f A few moments the young wife remain* ed with her face hidden upon ber husband's bosom ; then she looked up, and while a hopeful, joyous light broke through the tears that had gathered in her eyes, she said? "Tune that siring again, Charles, and we'll havA no mora <li?r.nr<?nnt nntM in nnr home." Ho quickly restored the wire to its form* er tuneful tension, and when Flora triod the intlrumeot again she f und it true and perfect. She sang her sweet song, and then she went and sat down upon her husband's knee, and promised bim that she would strive to overcome the onk fault that bad troubled bim. And she did overcoae it; And she was amply repaid for ail her trouble. K broagHt joy to herself as watt aa to W haabaad. She overcame the foalt, ud the domestic harmoay waa perfect a ad eke never forget tbe lesson. she bad tbua received. She bad learned bow aligbt a thing could throw the muajc of the fireside into jarring discoid, and eves aflLee sho waa watchful that not even, the very small fat of all the domestia burp-strings should, get out of tune.. HOW TO KEEP THE BABY QUIET* Soo tlio mother lias a contented mind? that's the best recipe I know of. Always meet her with that smile which the immortal " CJuidc to "Wives" recommends tliein, under mountain loads of perplexity and nrovociuion, to keep on hand for their hus* j bands. Don't imagine because h<>:ne looks | cosy and comfortable when you return to j it at night, that it is well either lor the ba- j by's sake, or its inolhei's, that you should never take the latter out of it for relaxa I tion and fresh air. Oh, if you but knew j linvv n U'nnHin n ???> ? Im?* n/w.'iuiAM.JlM I W. ? ? %" V ? .'".II VIIHIUHUM) | thinking of these littUs things?little to you, but great to us. I know it is less trouble, j if your purse is well lined, to stop into a . milliner's and order home a new honm-t, I which so many wives have wanted to throw i out the window, for very bitterness of spi- j rit, had they dared. A bonnet which your ostrich husband fancies will cover all his conjugal selfishness, and sins of omission and commission. Jle had rather give her this than draw the boots on his slippered feet after tea, and take the weary wile and j mother out for the froli air : and then lie j wonders why " the 1 ?:*!?v worries," nml keeps both awake all knight, and why i'.s j motlier's eyes look so r:iyk>s, and why she j heaves that little sigh when he sits down to j read his newspapers ; and then he settles ' down to the comfortable conclusion that, | "after all, tlioe is no umlei^laudiug wo- j men," and reads on. Sometimes he s:iys j or "un," or " ty .love, I-ill n<>l>o-ly but himself knows whether :i steamboat is burned up, or fifty people* haw 1 11 made mincemeat of by a Hail l oad accident ; or Bonner has got another " illustrious coiitri butor," or the tail of the comet bar. swished through the milk\* way. Jlo is too lazy even to talk about it. Now, "bonnets" don't euro tli<r heartache ; and all the rings and braeelcis you toss into a woman's lap. (I speak of a true woman,) arc not worth one clasp of your arms round her neck, when you come home from your place of bu-iness. H'e don't ', mint forever In tulc i! / >> f/ranh'd thut yon J love its. We are demonstrative, we women, j There is no heed of your breaking your , backs to pick up our handkerchief us yon i used, in the old courting times ; (heavens! j how you stopped roui.d tle n !) neither do | we want you, after hanging up your coat! ami uai in tue liaii, to sit <lov.ii m tlio par- I lor and cross 3-our loo;-, uiih'-ut <ver coin- j ing up stairs to give us the ?<Uini kiss, which is potent lo make us forget nil the little musqnito stinging household annoyances, which an: hut a feather's weight when our hearts arc light aid happy ; for it is not work, which make leaden hearts ' I and footsteps. I'ansv I'kux. ; Inexcusublc 1;/>tor<inrc.?The Xorlh I?rit ' ish Review, in an aiticle of considerable ! ' length on Slaveiy and tin; Slave States, 1 commits the following gross blunder. It says: One peculiarity of the American laws is not to bo overlooked, as it forms the characteristic feature of the American sys ' tem. The slaves are nut entitled, by law, j 1.-1:1 1 iv iuij iiomiiiy jutiimi <ji rc>i. nor even 10 a Sabbath. This peculiarity is one of the greatest hardships that possibly couhl be imposed on tlie atllirtcd race?one of the greatest cbstieles to the slave's improve mcnt, and an effectual barrier to sclf-cmaii cipation.' The truth is, that tin; slaves arc ' en titled by law,' to a weekly Sabbath in every Slave State in the Union, and they enjoy it too, most amazingly. If this British scribler would visit Petersburg, we could j very soon convince him that he has com mittcd A most egregious blunder. Let him go to any of our churches, if lie desires to see Virgin'yi slaves observe the 'Sabbath day to keep it holy.' \Vu believe tho larg est church in the world, (numerically',) is the First African Church, at Richmond.? Ten years ago, it numbered some 3700 com rounicanls. It would nut surprise us to ' hear that it now embraces some live or six ; thousand.?Pctcrshum A'rDress. Singular Oerurrmrr.?On t'ridaj* last, ?cv?- ! ral persons were engaged in raising a bell bj* mentis of n windless to t ho tower ?>f tlic Catholic Church, at Wheeling, Virginia. The boll had been raised almost up I" the ?|>en space in the cupola. A man named Thomas Newton was below, engaged in guiding the Mil# of the rope aa it wound round the cylinder, when one of the coga in the wheels of the windlass fixture gave way. Another revolution of the wheel lipped off all the cogs ; the beil fell to the ground and Newton, who had hold of thn lower end of the rope, was carried up with fright fill velocity a distance of one hundred feel, and nliont four feet above the apeiture where the bell wns to have been taken in ; und before those engaged in the work Could comprehend what had happened, Newton, with hid hands all lacerated and bleeding, worked himself down opposite the aperture and called for help to those within. Bishop Whelen, who was on the platform in the cupola, reached out, at the risk of his own life, and soizing Newton by the waist, pulled him in. The (Unit was all torn from the palms of his hand, even to the bone. a ? ...... o....u ? t> . llll ii iriiiiwuij oin J uiu i. j Udl, working on tlio canal, lately walked into the water, and coining across a large turtle, with bead and logs extended, retreated tin tier great excitement, hollaing to liis com pauion that h>o had found a box full oS snakes. Did you not toll me, sir, you could koid tbo plow V' said tho master. "Be easy now," said Pat, "bow the drvrl . could 1 hold it, and two horses adrawin' of i ii away from me 1 But give ii to m? in the tarn, mid. be jabers I'll hold it wid g<?81 aoy.bwdyJ' THERE'S BUT ONE PAIR OF 8T0CEINQS T MEND TO-NIGHT. An nM wife sat by her bright fireside, Swaying thoughtfully to ami fro, In mi ancient chair wlio.se creaky ciaw ToM a tale of long ago; While down 1?y her side oil the kitchen tloor, Stood a basket of worsted halls?a score. The good man dozed o'er the latest news, Till the light, of his i<ipe went out ; And unheeded, 'he kitten wilh cunning [?nwt llolled out and tangled the hnlls about ; Vet. still sat (he wife in the ancient chair, Swaying to and fro in the lire-light glare. Hut anon, a milly tear-drop canto I.. ?.... ..f <>?.!?.I 1.1.... Then trickled down in a furrow deep, Like a single ?lr?p of ?lcw ; So ?loop whs the channel?so silent (lie stream The good 111:111 saw naught hut the dinim'd ey beam. Vet marvele'l he much that Il>c cliccrftil light. Of lier eye. had weary grown, And marveled lie more at the tangled ImlN?So he said in a gentle tone : ' I have shared thy joys since our marriage vows Conceal not from me thy sorrows now.-' Then she spoke of the time when the bashe there Was tilled to the very brim, And now lhere remained of ilic goodly pile Itut a single pair?for him ; Tlivn wonder not at the dimmed eye-light : There is but one pair of stockings to mem to-night. 1 cannot but think of the busy feel, Whose wraplings were wont to lay Intlie basket, awaiting the needle's linsc? Now wandered so far away : How tin? sprightly steps to a mother dear I'liheedcd fell on the careless car. For cadi empty nook in the basket old, l?y tin: hearth there's an empty seat ; Ati'l I miss the shallows front oil' the wall, And the patter of many feet ; Tis for this that a tear gat hercd over my sight At the one pair of stockings to mend to night. "l'was said that far through the forest wild ' And over the mountains hold. Was a hind whose rivers ami darkening enve? Were gemmed with the fairest gold ; Then mv first-l>orn turned from the oaken d?>oi And I knew the shadows were only four. Another went forth on the foaming wave And diminished the basket's store? I'm hi* feet grew cold?so weary and cold? They'll never be warm any more? And this nook in its emptiness, sccmeih to m To give forth no voice but the moan of the sen Two others have gone toward ilie rotting sun, And in:ell- them a Imnic in its light, And fiiiry fingers have taken tlieir slinre, To mend l>y I lie fireside bright ; Sumo oilier baskets tlieir garments fill? But mine ! Oli ! mine is emptier still. Another ?tlie dearest?the fairest?the bestWas ta"en l?y the angels away. And clad in a garment that waxethnot old, Iii a land of continual day. O ! wonder no more atthe dimmed eye-light, While I mend the one pair of.stockings to-niglil A I hippy Man.?The following parti Me delineates tlint condition of mind an heatt which makes God the object an< source of love and happiness. Tt present the Christian standard?'(!od all, and i all.' A zealous divine who had prayed eai tie&llv that Clod would leach him til perfect way of truth, was directed, i a dream, to go to a certain place, wher ho would find an instructor. When h came to the place, he found a in an i ordinary aitire, to whom ho wished a goo morning. ' I never had a bad morning,' replied ill man. ' That is very singular; 1 wish you ma always bo so fortunate.' 4 I was never unfortunate,1 said he. 4 I hope you ^Vill always bo a3 happy said the divine. 4 t am never unhappy,'said he. 'I wish,' said the divine,' J,hat you woiil explain yourself a little.' That I will cheerfully do,' said he. I said that I had never had a ba morning; for every morning, if I ar pinched v.-ith hunger, I praise God. 1 :t rains, or snows, or liails, whether th weather is serene or tempestuous, I an still thankful to God, and therefore,! neve have a joyluss morning. If I am misef.i bio in outward circumstance*, and despiser I still praise God. You wish that T migli always be fortunate; bull cannot bo tin fortunate, because uothirttf befalls mo bn according to the will of God ; and t be lieve that Ilia will is always good, in whal ever tie does, or permiU to bo done. Vo wished mo always happy;' but t cannc be unhappy, because iny will is alwaj resigned to the will of God/ 4 TJut wliat jf God Bhould thrust yo down to hell V 4 1 have two arms?faith and fove?wit which I would hold on to mv God an Saviour, and will not let him go ; and would rather be in hell with God, than i heaven without him.' The divine, astonished at the man's ai swers, askod him whence he came. 41 came from God,' ho replied. 4 Where did you leavo him 1' . * With the poor in heart.' 4 What aro vou?' 41 .-\m a king.' 4 Where w your kingdom I" Jt is withm my own bosom. T hat learned to rnfe my appetites and passion; and that m better than torwfe i*?y kingdoi in the world.*-* How were yon brought into this liapp condition/ ' By secret prayer, spiritual meditatio nnd union with God. Nothing below Gt qpuld satisfy mv desires. I hare foui Him, and in Him I bavo peace at s*L? THE WAR IN EUROPE f Loun John Uusski.i. on tiik Position j, q ok Kngund.?At a meeting of the liberal [ electors of Loudon, at tlio Albion llall, on f the '25tli of April. Lord John Wnssell thus \ > spoke as t:> Knglaiul'ii present relations | | with foreign powers: There is a question L whieh has alarmed sumo miiuls, hut the ] | gravity of which has greatly increased with" j in the last few days. I mean the prospect ; y of a war on the Continent. Now, we are ? . 1 in a position which enables us to judge ' fairly and to act fairly among all these j parties anu uib conclusion ni winch i ar i live is, that the great powers that have | been concerned in this matter?Fiance and j Austria?have Iwtli been very inucli in the wrong. That there was a real grievance? * that sonic settlement was required as to the 1 state of Italy, which had for some years ' c been occupied by foreign forces, no man ( ' can deny. Hut, in my opinion, instead of j arming and then demanding a Congress, j and proposing, after large forces had been ; collected, and after the yonng men of Italy | ! had been summoned to the standard of one \ ! of the contending States, that the several , ! powers should disarm, the proper course : t ! would have been to have had a Congress and conferences in tiie first place; to have j had the subject fairly talked over and de ! liberated upon by the different powers of Europe ; and to have ascertained what were , the grievances of Italy, and whether her : ' complaints could not be peacefully oonsid- t ered and peacefully redressed. I think, un til such efforts had failed, that armies ought noi to nave neon t?rou?_jiit into the tieUI. It ^ ' was hoped when, in 1S5G, onr Minister was j 1 at the l'aris Conference, that some iin - j s proveineut would have taken place in the j 1 mode which quarrels of this kind would in ; future be considered, and that, instead of;'1 rushing precipitately to arms, the different | 1 powers, remembering their own rcsponsi- j ' bility, recollecting the evils that follow up- j ' on war?the fields that are devastated, the \ 1 families that arc reduced to poverty, the 1 blood that is shed, and ruin that often en- f sues to a whole country?would agree to ' meet in lli?? first instance lo consider the 1 views of all the powers which were not * immediately interested in the quarrel, and ' that in this manner the evils of war might 1 1 ? * nave oeen prevenie?i. i am sorry to sav | * that, however, these powers appeared to j 1 agree at Paris in 1R38, when there was * . ... c no question of this kind immediately before j 1 ' them ; in the present instance they have : 1 not followed the course then suggested, and ' that only a fortnight or three weeks ago, a question was raised of the meeting of Con- ' gress, after large armies had been collec- ' ted. Gentlemen, it is very diHicult to say 1 who is in the right in the quarrel to which 1 _ I am referring. ? . According to all the accounts that we have received Austria has, however, de- c clared herself determined to strike the first * i blow. In so far, Austria is, undoubtedly, 1 in the wrong not to have exhausted every i- means of procuring peace before she had ( i1 recourse to arms. But, unfortuncately, alrl though the cause of the Italian people? s their wish to obtain good government, and ? . s " to exchange servitude for freedom?is wor- ^ thy of all approbation, there have been r mixed with that cause views of ambition? . e views of territorial aggrandisement on the ii part of oilier powers?which would prevent ^ c our giving our entire sympathy to those o who 6tand in their camp. I cannot believe n mystdf that there was any necessity,as things? ( ^ stood, for cither France or Sardinia arming . ' 3 | \ e to the extent they have done. Well, then, t if such be the case, what is the part which t y vre ought to pursue? The only opinion ( that has been expressed upon that subject j , has been given by, I must say, a very high ' authority?tho present First Lord of the ( Treasury. I have here tho words which he ^ il is reported to have u^eJ. They arc words of great gravity and importance, and it be- j j hooves all the people of the United King- ^ n dom to ponder them when they are clioos [f ing representatives for the now Parliament, c On the 18th of the present month, Lord n Derby is reported to have Used these words ( tr in the House of Lords: = J" England is deeply interested in the niainte ' ? nance of peace. She is prepared to make s almost any sacrifice for that object, but in c it the interest of peace she crtnhot assume a ( portion which would place her in a help- c less and defenceless condition and if war ' ! l?ponL-i mil tulintmiif.1' I? 'I - uu uiu cuusequence, s our neutrality, as long as it may last, mint 1 to a cm lain extent be an armed neutrality, ( u enabling us to take onr part on that side, ' ^ whatever it rtiay be, which the hor.of, the A ^ interests and the dignity of the country ' I may indieato as best deserving otrr sup- ' n port. 1 Now, I must tell you bow far I agree and ' l" how far I disagree wrth this declaration of ' the policy of the Government. I entirely j acquiesce in the opinion that England ortght ' not to be in "a helpless and defenceless ? comlition." I should sav that past (rov- ' erninents, as well as the present government ^ re are to blame if, at this moment, she is in | ? a Irelpless and defenceless state. I do ' ^ not believe myself that sl*e is in such n condition. There are some parts of >y her defensive force?her navy and militia? which are not in as good a state a-s I should i n.' wish to see them ; but tlint this countrv is i K1 * Mj rjuite bide at the present moment to defend ,d Herself agaisnt any fcnerny- who may appear < to attack her, I entire ly believe. 1 bclievo urllier, that is well known, ami that tli s no enemy prepared to attack lier. YY nit then Lord I V-rliy goes on to say cur j ion must be one of "armed neutrality. Cow, that is ipiite a different tiling fi ioin<j in a position of defence. It is < liing to be in a positioin in wbicli you lefend yourself, and another tiling to be i position of ' armed neutrality," by wl 'on signify, tliougli you do not directly I a re, that you mean to take part witli ide or tlie other. The "armed neulrnli idoplt'd half ;i century ago by Russia omc other powers, was an armed neulr V intended to be oll'oiisive to this count md so offensive to this country was it. I he sent Lord Nelson, her best naval c< iiamler, to put an end to it. Now, it ears to me that onr position ought t< me of fair and honest neutrality, ready lc mid ourselves if we are attacked, l>nt nteiidiiig to take part with either of tl wo great powers, if they should go to \ ?Vhy, I may ask, am we to take sue ail? What questions of the honor, ulerest or dignity of this country arc I y to induce us to take a part i J.et us * lose that wo were to take a part in i'avo vliat may, to enthusiastic minds, appeal >e the cause of the liberties of Italy. S losing wo were to say, "We will take j vith France and Sardinia, and will di Vustria, as far as in our power, out. of talian possessions." Well, in the I dace, we have 110 just cause of quarrel v Vustria. We have 110 right to say to A us hat she has done any injury to us. 1 11 the next place, are we quite sure that ihonld be helping the liberties of Italy aking this part' When a country is over-run with g limit's, whichever party conquers the ] de are likely to sutler. Italy has felt t fshe fought with thesword of another ion, whether conquering or conquered vas equally in servitude ; ami is it to be hat lieved when lite armies of France o .prowl (lie North of Italy?supposing 'lentil tobe successful, ami their vimliea >f Italian independence to be complete? jovernineut of France would not say, " ire entitled to some compensation?to s< ndemuity?for the efforts we have m:i uid that indemni'y must bo afforded he territorial aggrandisement of Fran Srow, that might be a fair and a nati hing for France to say ; hut is it an oh or whirh Great Ihitain should strugj 1 .should say certainly not.Then let us take the oilier side of question. It is impossible noL to perei ruin what lias been said for scino years lie leaders of what is called the consei ive party, in the Itouse of Lords am he House of Commons, that their al ions are on the side of Austria?that w :ver they hare spoken on this subject, t alliated and praised the conduct of Ausl hat they have excused the Governmen he Neapolitan dominions, if they have teemed it almost an object of ndmirati tnd that the^ hrtve disapproved the eff >f the Italian people. You may be fj urcj tlicrelore, that if they propose houM take part in this war, the part wl hey will say the bono?-, the intefwte he dignity of this country indicate wil 11 favor of Austria and'agaifist those 1 ire opposed to that power. For cipwj >f forty years Austria has exercised >ower not merely by governing those liinions which slio has aaquired by c piest or by treaty, according to her i 'ie\v8 of government?for I sun not dif ing that she may do that; I.lit she lias ended her influence?(ho influence n lespotic government and a benighted igion?as far as she could, to every ] >f Italy. Sow there aire upwards of' )00,000 of Italians not included in 1/ >ardy or Venice or the dominions wl ippertain to Austria ; and would it bi it course for this free cotfntry?a coi hat any Englishman could approve?I ve should send our fleets afrd armies to ist in the oppression of those 20,000,1 >f people ? I say therefore?and I jlad to eee yoa agree with me in the se TJeftt?that we are not bound by any e idcration for the honor or for the inter< >f this corintry?afid our dignify foil* >'ur honor and our interests?or by i lousideration whatever, to take part in ipproaching struggle. Undoubtedly uive treaties; but the only treaty wl t seems to me may possibly l?e brough juestion, though I think it is not likclj >e brought in question, is one into wl ire have entered with othef powers of 'ope for the dofcrtce of the nentr*lih Belgium, if the neutrality of Ihrtt Si >voro infringed. If thei'e should be any X . . empt to conquer Helgium, we nro t?oi >y treat}', wo are bound l?y ^ood faith protect ilie independence of tliwt conn Slow gentlemen, there is no obligatioi ;ood fnrtli that we ought not to bo read; pnlftl ; but I am persuaded if wo signifj Biirope that tfe feel ourselves bo&nd lhat obligation?that the honor nud interests of this country will not perrtii to see an invasion of lielgium lake p witliout our %i?g to her defence?tl will be no attack upon Belgium, and Ute will be left in the enjoyment of her dependence. I cannot but thinfc, then, that instea declaring that we should have an ari neutrality?a position which of itself < ere, l!es Mlii r powers to ask what our ultimata VII, intentions are ?we should bo satisfied witli >om keeping ourselves hi ;\ su'te of il<rfer?ce, am! "? | with improving any part of our defensivo oiu armaments which are at present irrcomiiio | plete. There shotiUl bo a decided de'ercan j initiation that we will take no part rn thin i? j Kurojwan conflict, but we should declaro del. ; that when the powers are disposed again to <le- J make peace the influence of Kngland shall one ; at all limes he ready to be used to promoto ity i peace anil to promote the welfare of Euund ; rope, and I may say the welfare of manall ' kind. I trust my sentiments are sufficiently ; j ly clear. They differ from those of lira hat i present government both upon the qnes>111 , tion of reform ami the position we should a* ap ' suine with reference to foreign affairs, but I i be lelicve thev ar^ much more conductive to I * ) de ! the welfare and liberty c*f the country. I not ; believe that while we maintain pcaco wo icse not only promote our own commerce and var. j the well being of our people, but that iho li a i influence o( England will be for greater the j fhmi if she were in a hurry to declare her ik?r- ; -sclf on otic si?Ie or the other, fit every up- | point of view, therefore, I think we should r of attend to our own internal concern?, that r to : we should jirotn to the amendment of the up- | lkefwim act, and that in the approaching KirL contest in Murope \ie shonfd ftwiMnin, not live i an "armed neutrality," hut a fair, opon, her honest and peaceful neutrality. lir.st j ? - * ? k.;,|, THE AUSTRIAN COMMANDERS Translated t'rvm the l'uris l'Htric, April 28.> ' I'ield Liefttfejiant General Outlay is an ' Hungarian, born in 1'estli. He is sixfy ?L vcars of aijc*, yet has had but little nctivo sci v tee. In 1818, at the outbreak of I bo ffuugumn war, the government, baring I IIO eotllidi'ltrc ill him nil n<'i<ni.nf <->f l.fc H0 | Hungarian birth, loft liim at Trieste, 'with I lie rank-of military commander of 11,1 that important place. He placed the city in :i state of defence, as also I'ola, whero the dock yard of tlio Austrian navy is sitti*ei sited. He thus saved to Austria that navy which, however, is not powerful now, and l|u" was far less so at that tirrte. This was his >nost remarkable, if not his only exploit. Since then ha has been employed in the )me public nflices ami on diplomatic service ; ,l'e' in the latter his father, Count Igitan Oiu^ lay, who died mi 1 S31, had more military Cc' experience than him, but did not meet with Ln,i groat success during his career. In 180&. j'after having left the important position of ' Ban of Crotisi for the command of tho ninth corps, he bad charge of covering tho |'10 retreat of 1 'rir.ee Charles after his defent at :Uot Krnf.lorf, but did it tofy unsncce3sftflly( ^ and his appointment of field marshal was in consequence thereof dehiyed till 1S1 of. ' 111 Imion Henry do Hess, who commands ^tC~ as Quartermaster General, has liad, pef',en haps, to ? much service. Ho was born in ''fJ 17SS, and is consequently sevcnty-twa r1,1' years old. Being a Viennese he is a gen* ()' uino Austrian, which is quite fare in lira ,,ot high but very difficult position which he 1,111 now occupies. From Juuej J 849, to July "rls | IS'iO. he was Secretary of War, and duuite ! r .. * ring i iiu years i ao.j ami I Bc/U lie was Cinployed as negotiator at tlie Court of Itus,K'' sia. His mission related to tlie Eastern !?ni' question, which lie confused as much as ho ' ^,c was al>lo for the benefit of Austria. IIo ? obtained as a reward for this semeo the in's command of the Fifth corps d'artnee ift ^'cr Italy of tliu Austrian army, and has the ('?* merit of being life artisan oT Tiis own mili* tary fortune. Since }805, when be entef>W" cd the army as ensign, he lias successively ' " passed through all the grades. It was as ^'X late as 1842 that ho was appointed field marshal. He is looked Upon as ft good .strati-gist, llatlelsky, whose principal adviser he was for a long time, held him iu 20 ' tiro greatest esteem, and be shared in tlitf . j greater part of the old marshal's successes ; ,IC ' and as the old general is dead, it rs on lifts a run do ILss that the Pietlmonteso armr "S(-' , . - . I win mtvu it) i.iko h? tureci revenge I or ID^ loss of the batlle of Xovarre. as000 Kindnesses are stowcil away in tlio heart, nin like rose leaves iy a drawer, to sweater* ,l11* every object around them. :on?sts A boot-jack, liko a sore finger, lrnra to b? )\\s heeled any tj According to tlio articles of War, ft fs death to stop a cannon ball, we ' "'l'1 Tlio early hi I'd picks rtp (ho worm bftC 1 1,1 tlio worm soon picks np tho Iifte bird. Mo lich If all the fools and knaves were Macfe,* imi- w11:it h very somner-iooking world this , 0f would be. ',Il'C An Album, pryllier, wbat it it* at- A book 1 n I \r*y? nlvun j 1 "Kept to be fHleil with other's wif,? By p? ople who lmve none. I, to tff. A country editor having received two1 i? or dollars in advance for Iiis paper, says* jo that lie allows bis child to play with th* ' other children aisf usual. ir to I- by A punning youngster \Vlio asked bis fnthe ther at the theater, if that wasn't a "bandt ?B bo* where the inusiciutis are f" was cot off lace ^rom g'^ger-snsps. bete Why should all girls a wit exclaimed,. Surpassing farniers be f Because they're alwnya studying in1- ^ The arl of hittbandru. W * J , A pr?Uy girl and a wild" horte ar? liabl? to do i?aclt?i?i?oliieffor tho ono n?n? ,nC(* away wffU u fellow's* body, and thft oHt*f :nti- runs away with hia heart..