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The Abbeville banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1847-1869, June 16, 1859, Image 1

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TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM.] f 44 tii33 pnicu op lixi Jimtt" ije? BTmriKr a.x, vici-lu anob." [PAYABLE IN ADVANCE
_ _ _ _ ll " _ _ ???????^aii.1?From
the iWie York ObtcrviY. ? ? ... . I ???* i ?? ?
I IVAI'A Ant i.r. . ? l-.i.-..? ? ? ?* *' 1
ntTAT wna
vnAi/inr>iu)i w luiflhLU, WESLEY'**TH
I was present in tlie General Assc
of Ireland in the year 1851, and wlici
deputation from Scotland, headed l>\
I)?ft', addressed that venerable body,
by the side of a member of the depnl
when one of his brethren made an ad
in a manner the most excited. He 1
very large man ; and when he let ou
'voice to its full pitch, suited tho acti<
''.lie word by a heavy stamp with his
upon the platform, it would seem as i
rbuilding and audience trembled togi
^Ylien, dripping with perspiration, he
eluded, I asked my neighbor whether
was a fair specimen of the manner of
Scottish ministers. lie replied thai
'Chalmers went often, as far beyond as
went beyond ordinary taincness; and
gave me an account of a speech deli
by hi in in the (ieucral Assembly of
land, during the heated controversies v
led to tho disruption. It is doubtles
same speech to which his eloquent si
law and biographer, l>r. Hannah, al
in the ll*tlh page of the 4th volm
his life. Tlic decision of tlie courts u
Ticre pronounced against the party hi
by Chalmers, and the ablest men of
Moderate party were there to sustain I
Scotland, from tlie Tweed to the Oil
was excited. A'! eyes were lu rned
Uio coining Assembly. It met, and tho
for the great discussion tviis lived. It
ved. and the hi?r lif?:i?l of Senthiiul vv;it 1|<
its strongest pulsations. Tlie deltaic oj
at 11 at noon, to a house densely pa
The Moderates, clerical and lay , pit*
their case logically and powerfully. A
they concluded, who was to reply i 1'
eye turned to Chalmers. As if in p
for divine aid, lie bowed for a few imui
in his seat, during which the vast and
was breathless, lie rose and tlie die
which greeted him was as tlie som
many waters. And the in agnifiecnt
tion in which lie met the courts of
and questioned their decisions?in w
lie met his opponents, and gave their ;
nionts to tbe winds?in which he n
turned the independence of the Church,
tlie doctrine of lion intrusion?in whic
asserted if there re a Queen in the S
there in a King in the Church?oceu
.1 i I i:
inn**: nours in Mciivciv.
Tim crisis was a great on<\ and he n
met it. N'evor was Demosthenes more
qiK'iit?l\iul more fearless? never
"Whitfield more successful. U nder hi
but inspired periods the vast asscml
swayed like a field of grain before
wind* of summer. When ho cotielu
lie was wrapt up in cloaks and shawls
taken to an adjoining lion se, so oxhat
as to render the attention of friends ti<
narv for several hours. The vo le was I;
and Chalmers carried whith him the
eembly. And the Free Church sprang
being?and Scotland felt that a new
powerful impulse was given to our C
tianity, which will be felt for a thou
ages. O, when the mind of a great
fully bathed iu the light of heaven,
the heart of a great man filled with
lovo of Christ, are thoroughly ronsed,
/'mi nlinrmt turn tlifi world tinsiih; ilnw
And any ordinary man, fully in oarnc
iiis work, may accomplish wonders.
Since iny mind has beet! able to foi
true estimate of tho character of Whit
and Wesley they have commanded
highest admiration. Were I a hero
shipper they would be of those b
whose altars I would bow down with
found homage, and upon which I w
offer my costly incense.
Intellectually, they were not the gre
men of their day ; but as simple preat
of the gospel, they h.'id 110 superiors in
age of the Church, since the days of I
"With their great powers of mind?1
large hearts?with the most expansive
nevulence?with tho highest eatimat
tho value of the soul, and the eternal
portanco of its salvation through J
Christ, they 60ught to preach the gosp
every creature. This was their own ob
There were no efforts to catch appliiui
cone to be popular with the fashioi
and frivolous?thero was no Uowery die
nor gaudy metaphor, mixed up with fi
ful descriptions and pretty pictures?t
was no taking of a text for a pretext,
Lhea running away from it among
ibings actual and possible, for material I
up a discourse. They were not of
clrtss of preachers who tell men that
must be' saved 1 on general principle
who talk wisely of ' volition,'when
' will*?who expand ' duty' into 4 moral
ligation,' and ' thinking and doing' into
teilectunl processes and moral powers'
whoso hands Mieat' becomes 'caloric,'
' plants and animals" organized substai
?and 4 a certain man of the l'harif
a gentleman <Jf the Pharisees'?and
<Ar> utrrriitb' ' tan vnuiicr hidius ' Oil
The law of their life was to preach G
and him crucified. And to do this,
sacrificed all domestic enjoyment and
fioual ease?they crossed the ocean i
time#?-tliey endured, joyfully, all mr
of-persecution, from those who sat in
tefa seat, down to the lowest rabble?
rose from the bed of sickness to ad
multitudes, when it was feared they ir
CXchnnge the pulpit for the bier?
y I "v/?v \juv mv; in liiuurs su uiceiSiUK, II
DR. looked ns if they were in haate to brii
' (o ii close.' Ami if not possessing the
ml'ly sic purity of Hull, nor the deep tho<
11 tlio ; fulness of Edwards, nor the grand Rtil
' l;r- i ity of Howe, ncrtlvc siiverv lijjht of
I sftt ; nor the vast knowledge of Owen, nor
ation wonderful imagination of Taylor?
Idress I combined some of the noblest characl
tvas a j tics of these, with others peculiarly
t his j o\Vn. Like John the ISaptist, they
>n t<> i burning and shinning lights; and whei
foot j I hey went, however opposed bv forma
if the : the heart of the Church opened for I
L'ther ! reception, cities and communities
con. moved by their presence i and they
that tilled the nations with the fame and
their fruit of their evangelical labors. 1
L Dr- i have written their naiuo upon the rock
i tha ever. Their fame as well as the frui
then j their great labors, belonging to the ei
vered ! Church of Cud : and whil.-t wo would
Scot- i in mere intellectual power, place t
vhich | 'amongst the three first,' we would, as
s the | ble preachers of the Gospel, place thet
>n-in- the very rank of the ministers of Chri
lludes ! any atje. Their names will live with t
no of i of Luther, and Calvin and Knox, as
f law ' as tliii sun or moon endure.
sided ; Aim! yet tlieir great leading charact
ilie tics mul which elevated thorn heaven
lliein j above other men, was their intense can
novs, moss. Tliev rose at a time when
vaids Church of Kngland had sadly backsli<
day ! from the faith?when infidelity had
arri. tained among the higher classes?v
aliiinr l>*> 1)ops and rectors lost all authority' as
.ened ligioiis teachers, when spiiituality in reli
eked- Ii;((l hot'ii supplanted by the heartless ft
entid , ality. The picturo drawn of the 111
^ hen state of the Knglish Church, at that t
'Very i l,v the elegant pen of i)r. Stevens,
raver learned author of 4 The Life of Wesley
leuts tmly aU'eoting, ainl shows how little a n
ieiue | liturgv, however truthful, can do to I
eriug alive tlie spirit, of the gospel. In thiss
"d of (Jf thing-:, W hit field and Wesley appeal
ora. <rother. The elfect was like the lisii
law ; the sun <>t summer in midsummer, w
bich | the earth, the streams, all are f-ozeii, w
I the trees and forests arc leafless. S
. i . . .
1:11,1 - j preaching, ihe then living,
ami j n<>ver heard. Tim cumin hi people Ik
'1(J j them gladly. J Me palaces of bishops,
tate. ! rectories of f>x hunting priests, soon
pied ; their inilnviieo. It went up lo the com
i the sovereign. It ik-ivadud lbitain
ohly ; er>>?se'l lo the American colonies. Il
do- i at this Ijinir, felt at t'ue ends of the ea
was | It will never die oat. Ami all, underG
s all j before they were earnest preachers of
ilagc; I (jospcl.
Jed ' 11 'uiks it Up??The Kvansvillc Kiw
and rer works up the Sickles murder c
isted alter the following fashion : ' Toot
jees- rushes up to Sickles and weeps, so t!
ikon, Muggins, and so Hrown. Snob No.
As- kisses Sickles coat-tail 5 Snub No. I
r into brushes his boots with his handkerci
and and No. three is so overcome he don't
uris- anything. Sickles is sei/.ed by the I
sand and attempted to be borne out; the j
inan rushed out to shake hands with itiin.
anil reaches the street; Washington city br
the loose to see him ; the reporleis got on
they' top of hacks, (very interesting;) the
n.? who sends us the silly messages clhnbcc
st in telegraph pole and sat astride the wire
get a good view and report to the asso
rm a ted press, (highly important;) another
field ran down to brown's tavern, and got
1 my drink, (thrilling circumstance ;) Sickles
wor- hibited signs of fainting ; a copy of 11
efore per's Weekly was held before liiin cont;
pro- ing the stereotyped fac-siniilc of his wi
ould confession, at sight of which lie reviv
(no wonder;) he was lifted into a <
atoRt riage ; Toodles got in beside him, so
:hers Sniggers, so did Damphool, and the Sn
any No. I, 2 and 3 ; some of Damphool's
'aul. lations in the crowd wanted to unhitch
w'ili intelligent horses and make themsel
5 be- beasts in their places, and drag the <
e of
riage- through town ; tho driver decii
f iin- they would injure the harness; and
esus (ti,e reporters say) they were 'detur
e' l<> Sketches of tho carriage, and the hoi
ject, witb the crowd trying to get into the 1
se"~~ ness, were taken on the spot, and will
labia pCur jH Harper, Leslio, the Ledger, i
iTuii) Venus Miscellany.
*liCI" Sickles was dumped out nt the hou?
^cro Spilljan McCracken vEsq. Addle-Load i
and <]owr, froni the telegraph pole', the
l"? maids and virtuous wives of Washing
to fill
drew tlieir heads back( from tiie wind*
^,0 morally impressed with tho scene, and
tliey adultery (in eLherp) punishing husband:
es went and bought pistols ready to bIi
somebody the first chance they had, (rt
' ?k* of them expecting one daily).'
' ini
In A Dublin paper contains the follow
H" paragraph :?"Yesterday, Mr. Kenny
ncea* turned to town, fell down and broke
'ee8' neck, but fortuuatclj^receive no iurt
' the.
injury v
, no^ ' .
Urist ywq centurieft ag0 not one in n li
l''e*V dred wore stpckings. Fifty year# ago
P6r one boy in a thousand was allowed to
"Hny at large at night. Fifty years ago nol
mUer g""l n thousand made a waiting maid
^?" her mother. Wonderful improvement
l'10y this wonderful world.
)igh Prosperity is a stronger trial than at!
they eity.
I ill It imrttUYlUltWl U? OUK UUINAUK
ng it There are at present circulating in tlio | 1
clas Islands four distinct kind of!
lght pence, with the satellite half pence and
>li,n l>"things. In the first place, there nro the i
iates heavy pieces popularly known from the
the hroad band surrounding both obverse
(|u>v and reverse as ' ring' pence. Of these,
leris- which were struck at the old Solio Mint by 1 |
their Messrs. 15.Milton and Watt between the I
were yca,s 1*97? 1799; 1G go to tlio pound j C
ever avoirdupoise, and they have certainly worn
lists, remarkably well, although they must have j ,j
their w?rn oul' a vast number of pockets in thu ;
were I years of their existence. At the clo*e J I
have I 1799 pence, half pence, and farthings of
the | respectively 18,-TO, and 72 to the pound | '
L'liev were struck by the same linn ; and llu-se j
Cor. circulated alone with their weighter breth- j .i
ts of rcn untl' 1 S05, when a further impiovcmctit j
ntire as '* was deemed, took place. In that year ! ^
not, l)(-'"^<?? IS half j ence OG farthings to the I
hem I,ou"'l weight were considered fair propor- !
I10. lions for the copper coinage, and, new dies
[n {,, having been got up for the purpose, Uoulst
of lon aiu^ Watt again sit to work in produc- i ^
hose i ,nS ll1C!SC comparatively lijjut coins. j
]on,r | It wiil be seen tluis that within ai
space of eight years three kinds of inferior | -|
,eris- c'-?i"3 were stamped into vitality and became !
1,;,,], current. This was not however, consid- !
nest- crui' sl,nioiuiit, and :iti Irish coinage of great 1
the and hi which the one pound weight ^
hlen was ^lVK'L"^ '"to 20,;>i!, ami 104 penco
oh- halfpence, ami farthings respectively, look T
,|, place in 1SUG ami continued to go on siin.
r<}. ultaneously with the last named English
"inn vari??y UP 1823. In that year the Irish
3|.m coinage was ahamloned, ami, although there
oral ',ilvc hecn distinctive copper tokens struck
ime s'nce l',u 's'u ?f Man ami for the Slates
tj , of Jersey, of like proportions to those for
? j_. Ireland, yet it may ho said that the arratige(
ment of 24 pence, and f?C farthings to the M
pound weight lias prevailed throughout : ''
keep ' n 1 e<
l;lle Ureal P?ritain ever since 182-'5, and is that 1 *
* to- l'10 present day. It will ho admitted j j'
f f j from this record of facts in connection with ?
jieII j the copper coinage that there is a sulHoient u
,j Ml I medley of recognised legal pieces of money .),
;uch i in circulation among i.s; hut there is, I"
Ij,l(j in addition to these as most know to i?
>-ud l-',c'r cost, a very large per centage of 1,1
non recognised and illegal dices of copper j,,
*1 of which the puhhc can ' make neither head 111
^ nor tail,'and which are altogether disc red.
. j ilahlc to an enlightened community. Is it | lr
, js not high time then, we ask that whether j
I ! the decimal system he adopted or not, the | "I
I j whole confused Jiimplo of copper coin*, c
tj ^ j nearly G,000 tons in weight should be sent (
once more into tlu foundry there to be in
united with some more spiritual, or at least j!1
uj. more valuable metal, and then re issued in a f?
ase u,|i'?rm and handsome shape? J>y jiuli *V
lies cous combinations of metals lightness j?
[oes beaulv, and value may be obtained I"
on and these are the desiderata for a new )!jj
two coinas?- _ [; ;
(jef In the United States' Mint experimen- (l(l
do *a' P'uees have been issued of nickle and In
C(rs copper. Jtow tliese will stand wear time 1 Jjj,
U?^T will reveal, but their dull gray color is not J su
pleasing to the eye, and they are of a j
dumpy form?too thick for their small ' cil
jjie diameters. Tlio bronze coins of the Napo- j
leon lir. and those of the Victoria Canada I co
^ j
j mintages are, indeed, models in this last ; j"
espect. For ourselves, we believe that the ! f..i
din. now el ay metal aluminum, which promised 1,1
one 10 revo'ul''ol"zo other respects the world .
. of metals, will he found a most excellent ?
' * t t # lit?
ex_ material for admixture with copper for the ii
tar- Pu,'Posc'll question. It is true that its !
(in- Prol)erl,es nrc 11ot }'et folly developed, but [,'j,
fu's c,,0l1gh is known toriugur for aluminum a ? "
,ej brilliant and useful future. Melted with ^
in uiuujuui |?n?|iurnuns, any snane %>
jjj of color between thoso of zinc and fine
ol>s g?Kl may be obtained, and we look forward (?
r(J. to tbe day when \)r. Graham, of tho Mint, ^
tjie fand somes of his scientific confreres shall ni
iVPS arrive, by experiment or otherwise, at an
;A,.. amalgamation of alumiiuiin and copper 10
jej from which may be cast a new coinage?
RO decimal or duodecimal?that with tho Aid M
ej ? of the engraver's art and the skill of the
rS(JS machinist, shall surpass in proportions r,
mr. color, and practical utility, the coinage o' >?'
ap. every other country. This matter has been ^
md dwell upon at some length, because it is *i<
right that tho public should comprehend
j Qf it thoroughly, and be thus enabled to bring ?fi
5|jj the force of their opinion to bear upon the jjf,
old government in effecting a wholesome and bc
lon necessary reform. Mr. Disraeli professes ^
)ws 10 k?w lo public opinion, and declares Lit
t],0 that it la the most potent of all agencies
, aU If we can eulist it, therefore, in behalf of ?a
loot decimal coinage, the good work in inlost
Inducing it may Ikj said lo be begun.? to
Mechanic's Magazine.
Wendell Phillips on the mode of Ma l,e
iug Kux9 JiunKcrs.? wenueir I'lnmps, in n re W(
ro * cent address, described the mode of making
a hunker in politics, lie linkened it to nn
*118 operation -he had once witnessed in an ze
her acrjuariufn. Tlie confirmed hnnkor is at
first tender and suscoptible to light, liko
the jelly fish, sporting on the surface of tho nn
wateiyand enjoying the liquid beams of yo
the sun. Tlie fish floats about till it ad yo
no* heres to.something, a rock, or a vessel's
run side, and .then it begins to discharge its
one members, a leg, an eye-, an J finally its head.
| 0f The last stage of the metamorphosis which 8tj
jn tho fish undergoes, is its hardening into a re<
barnacle. 'In that form it cling* through So
life to the substance to whu h it lias^attnch tar
ed itself. The hunkerized individual in n
similar manner, never lets go his hold>-of
tlie copper bottom of tho ship of State. ew
low happy was the uwntiJc,
In the good old <lays now past n:;d gor.c,
ls round tlx: farmer's* fimi'le,
Wo gathered when the "lay waa done,
'lie tire light Nickering on (lie wall,
Sweet voices sounded in the hall.
"lie songs ami mirth and tales went round,
And many a .shout of laughter clear,
tang out with joyous pealing sound ;
Which loving hearts grew warm to hear;
lay shadows danced upon the wall,
hike city belle tit the city hall.
'he ruddy Maze of the groat pine fire,
danced ou the good dame, happy and mild
hirnislied the locks of the gray-haired sire,
Tainted the cheeks of the (rollicking eliilt
irighlcncd with lustre the long hroad hall ;
Cast many shadows 011 the wall.
tnd when the merry Christmas came,
Stockings were hung on the Christmas tree
,nd the simple gift, anil the good old game,
Made the old feel young, and the young fill
of glee !
'lie shadows lingered long on the wall,
And light feet lingered long in the hull.
Iany Chrisnuises came and went;
The old folks stood 011 the brink of the grave
'heir forms were withered and feeble and belli
And the youth grew up to manhood, brave
'hen theshs?dnws trembled on the wail,
I 1 ?? -
1/ini: ||-*VW 'II .VIIHIIII1I, 010 llll'V lull,
'hose days arc gone, lime swiftly lied,
Aii'' grteit mounds where tlie willows weep
,iimn^ 1J10 nations of the dead.
Show where ili??oulJ folks calmly sleep !
lien silence roijrned within the hull.
And darkness shadowed all the wall !
'he little ones thai sported iheve,
Scaiicrod o'er earth fur ami wi?le ;
,ss;iile'l l?y wordily grief and care,
Weep as they think of the oM firesiile !
u ilivums they sport again in the hall,
Ami dance to the shadows on the wall.
f.aml S/>rcnltitio)ts at the lIY*f.?A native ?:
[asniioliu.-ott.s thiilecn years ai>o .sold a lot, in Si
iiiitii", .Mo., lor $1 .full). Today, it having lie.
unit a business centre, it cammt he lionght fn
liiii.iiiii). Another gentleman wont lo Kttnsii
i 1KYI, Inking with him ?7,tM|0. The proper!
> tias acquired thorn from this nucleus is not
?iiih ?"2"<l,0it(i. Property in I.eavonworl
hich sold in 1?54 for ?v)UO or !?li)0, is nut
oith yI.-.,0IHi. The same is tho ease in Si
isi.ph Kansas City, Lawrence, and a few othe
roniiiient points. Men in thoun places have lie
mo wealthy, not from any superior sagacity
it having invested a little money in the carl
istnry uf the Territory. In ldiiti, nn Ohio gon
i-iiieii paid flu" per acre for a tract of land ad
ining l.cavenworth, and within six months go
ii ndvaiic** t>f $?l,<Hlt) per acre. lint a chain*
is taken place. In lh.ri7 paper citiesspriing ir
great abundance. Snares in them sold rcadil
diii Ik . *> 1 ,MIO. in oiiv of tIii-iii ii lot ~J.') :
id nulil tlicn fur SI,D?n?. They would i>ot mr
ilifin now biing n lu per lot. A grout, den
KisUrn cu|iitul was bunk in these cinbry
India Rubber?hi Manu/tu'ture.?India Hub
r, in the condition in which it is wlii'll firs
ported. has much ii regularity of texture
ill is also contaminated with much <1 i and re
sc. To scperato these the India rubber i
Ft cut into very small fragments, and thci
coped in wnriu water, by which the dirt is pre
pilaied. Tin* fragments are dried and throwi
to a kind of kneuuiii|r machine, where immciisi
cssurc employed to bring them to one bom
jeueous mass. There is in this kneading pro
ss evidence n Hurtled of u very remarkable dif
rence between guit.it pureha anil India rubber
e former requires to lio healed lo o sofi stmt
fore being placed in the kneuding mill, hut thr
din rubber, though put in cold, been rues b<
>1 bv the agitation that it cuunol be safely
iiehod by ilic baud?ii being necessary tn
pply the mnchiiie with told water, which i>
idle nearly to boil with caloric driven out ol
e elastic mass. So thoroughly is the inns press
, rolled, picked, cut and kneaded "by this opelion,
that all dirt, nir water and Kteain arc exlied
nnil it presents llio appearance 6f a 'dark
lured, it n i lor in and .smooth mass, ll is thou
it in casiiron moulds of great strength, and
ought by hydraulic or screw pressure to ilie
in of blocks, slabs or cylinders, according to
c purpose to which it is to be applied.
in American Engineer in thr Austrian Service.
It is well known that Austria has of late years
en strengthening her fortifications in her
uliaii possessions, and in doing this has shown
proper appreciation of native talent. One of
e most important of her Italian fortifications
m been constructed finder the superintendence
?? ?-? -I'--- 1* "
mi . ?i ll III 111 u II IV. IIIWIP, Wild
;idunte<l til tlio La wren co Scientific School,
uncctcd with the Ilnrvnt.l University, und
ns snbSMjuently employed oil the government
urkB itt Uousr's Point. Some three years age
went with his young and accomplished wife
graduate of the Cambridge iIijgli School) tc
nsirin, for tlio purpose of erecting extensive
rliticulious at I'ola, on the Adriatic, about
nety mileft ponth of Trieste. The works wero
arly completed nt tlic last accounts from Mr.
ritvlc, nn<i he hoped soon to be able to return
his native country, though he expressed sonic
lira that the French would blockade I'ola ami
us his return be prevented.?Uotlon Journal,
ay 30.
Mf. Harry.?Mr. Rarcy, perforri'.ing before th<
>yal family, at lierlin, has gone on to St. I'eter#
irg, where his hands been kept quite full. Oi:
e 10th he gave a performance before the F<m<
ror an<l his funiily and two of his brothers, beles
several princesses. The flrHl subject was a
r.ie w"io ha<l just kicked hifc box to pieces nut
lied his groom, and Mr. liarey exhibited hiir
ler a few days training us obedient bs a circtti
'rse, And ready to obey orders, which wer<
i'eii to hint from the other end of the riding
liool. The second waft a wild, unbroken, eno
horse, from the steppes of Ilussia ; and lie,
>, was completely subdued in so short a time
at*the Emperor not only publicly expressed hit
utification, but ordered a report to be published
tlio papers. The Illustrated London Newt
ys tliut Mr. Uarey has finally concluded ar<
ii^ementa with the llor.?e Guards to teach tlx
itish Cavalry, and he returns fur that purpose
Loudon on the 1st of June.
No life can be well ended that has not
en well spent; and what life lian been
all Bpent that has bad no purpose, that
|U QOAAIT1t\li<ilta/1 r? A /\K?aaJ !?** I**"
??v?/wui|/M*u*.u i(v vujo^ij umb una ruttir
d no hope t
^i ? m
You exhibit a groat deal o( vanity, mad
i, in alwnya telling wh?t others thihk ol
u." "It would cettainljr bo 00 vanity in
u, sir, to teli whit the world thinks of you.
Contlilutional Convention EltetloH in Kan tat
:AV?NwoRTn. K.T,, June 8.?An etcirinj; elee
n took place lo-dsy fffr membvra qf th? con^
tutinnnl convention^ Piut i?tue? wore igno
1 and both partieg utood on a free state btbia
me dhya miiHt cl?p?e before the te?ult in the
fitory ct?o be known: *'
Tho sanaBioo of life is made up of veirj
beams that ar? bright all the time.
Alessandria, 6r Alexandria, the cap
of the province in Piedmont of the s*
name, and one of tlic strongest fortrci
in Europe, is situated in a rich And Fer
plain declining towards tlie East, 05 in
l>y road, 40 miles dircct diatanco, E. S.
of Turin ; GO miles by road, and 48 ni
direct distance, S. S. W. of Milan ; :
40 miles direct N. by W. of Genoa ;
lat. 4 1 fit N., long. 8 38 E.; on the r;
bank of the Tanaro. It extends across
narrow marshy tract formed by the c
; ; tlueiicu of the Boruiida with that river,
I has an altitude of 203 feet above sea le
l? ! This city?which has been styled tho 1
! levard o( Piedmont?was, until recen
enclosed on tlireo sides by a strongly t
lied wall, wliilo extensive outworks
; ' nlouir ilie cast side of tlio Taimro ; 011
; opposite or west sido of that river is
11 i citadel, a sexngonal work, which is
' iiccted with the eily by means of covt
.stone bridge of fifteen arches.
Oil the opposite side of the river il
i sheltered by a chain of small hills ext
' ing from Monte-Calieri eastwards to a I
' and beautiful height n little to tho lit
east of the city, which is crowned will
! fine castle and tower. Tho buildings v
i which Alessandria is adorned, are the U
I and government houses, which are sitm
| in a bnndsoine square decorated with
i the l'alazzo-Ghilini, thu civil and milil
| hospitals, the cathedral, six parish churc
I four convents, fourteen hospitals and
lums, an academy of arts, several schc
and a royal College and gymnasium.
In 180G its population was estimate"
'{.">,210; in 1805, its population was
520, exclusive of the garrison, amount
to 4,500, But, taking in the sixteen
(). urban villages lying without the walls
i. aggregate population in 1855 was 39,'.
It has some spinning mills, and maui
,s tones of silk, linen, cotton and wax
dies. The central position of this city v
' respect to Milan, Genoa and Turin
command of the Tanaro ami Bormida,
r of several of the most important route
communication with the surrounding
y trials, render il one of considerable c
. nierci.il influence and resort. Its fairs, 1
1 in the end uf April and beginning of
I, tuber, are among the most import.au
y In November, 18."?7, a railway i
opened from Alessadria to Voghara, whe
it is expected it will be carried on to ?
della, in the Duchy of Parma, and so ui
1 the Piedmonteae lines wiih the great (
' tral Italian line, Alessandria will thus fu
s the cei.tral point of the great trunk or p
| cipal railway lines of Sardinia, one of wh
i passes, by way of Genoa, across the
5 penilies ; the second, by way of Turin,
Asii and to Parma; and the third, by
. lenza and Novara, to the Lago r.iago M
! giore.
A Ipssniulri.l wsw tntr#>n l.v Rtrtr^-i TVi
' of Milan, in 1522; sustained an unsncc
, ful siege by the French in 1G57, and af
an obslinato resistance, fell V1H6 th
hands in 1707. The present citadel V
i begun in 17.10 and finished in 1743.
179G it made a conditional surrender
I Bonaparte. I11 179$ it fell before the c(
, bined armies of Austria and Russia, a
after the battles of Marengo, in 1800, v
regained by the French, who expend
nearly f>0,000,000f. upon its fortificatic
and retained it tin Li I 1814, when the pr
inco became a portion of the Sard
1 ian dominion, and the fortifications were
, a great extent razed.?Fuller toil's Guz
ecrt of the World.
S. S. Prentiss.?When this gentlenl
1 was in his glory, in the State of Misaissip
during a season of high political exci
1 ment, there was a convention atllernanc
Prentiss was there, and set avetythi
) ablaze with his burning eloquence and
' imitablu wit. As was uaiol liiini}rn<*o
ladies crowded the groilnd to hear hi
and when ho had concluded the well
rang with shouts oF applause. Now ih<
i was present dno Didymus Brief, Esq.,
opponent, who, like the gnat in the fat
i i* er suffered to pass Unimproved an c
[ portilnity to inflict his bite on tlie ox's lej
i lie arose to reply to some of Mr. Prentis
? arguments. When Didymus han go
! through his "piece," and had given it I
; last finishing touch of gesticulation, pec
? lintly his owil.he sat down apparently c
hausled, Prentiss, meanwhile, 8At looki
\ ...?
. on, with a peculiar twinkle ill his eye, I
! joying the thing hugely. At the cone
sion he slowly arose, advanced to the Fro
oF the stand, intending, no doubt to dr<
an Admonitory bint to such thick head<
1 zealots, when at thAt moment a.neighbc
' ing jackass, quartered hard by, "open
his mouth and spoke" long and loiid. M
Prentiss turned bis eyes ill the direction
I bis Hew assailant, and fairly gasped wi
astonishment, Without uttering a word fot
l. moment, and then ere the revorberati
' tonos of the aM had died away, lie tarn
. to the audience; ftnd throwing up ltis ha
deprecatingly to his first opponent) <
' claimed, "Ah I ladies and gentlemen, ti
. other competitor! 1 can't fciand it! a
1 sat down amidst the deafening shout*
* the multitude. Didymua Brief, Ksq.,1
came thoroughly disguated with tbe."v<
g?r Whig meeting," and withdrew.
ital In every direction, in the Eastern and
imo Middle Stales, tro at present hear of physisses
cal education. There lias been a revival
tile in favor of health and of rational educailes
tion, and it is bearing good fruits. Even
E. one or two universities are having gymnailes
sia put up nnd teachers provided for the
nnd bodily education of their students. Excel;
in lent works, by such writers as Sedgwick,
iver Trail, Jacques, Miss lieeeher. Walker, and
the others, are being extensively read, while
:on- cricket, base-ball, swimming and other exand
ercises aro enjoying unwonted popularity,
vel. The fact that the young must bo trained
ion mid taught to be healthy is becoming a
tly, matter of common discussion, and here
bit' and there some writer, bolder than the
ran rest, ventures to hint that at boarding
the schools the system is deficient which keeps
the youth for eight or nine hours at books, and
nnn !c>?* ovori'un cotwla #1.? ?
W.. .ivnua VI1UIIJ 4111 UUIIJ U!1 i\ 1UI1U:rod
ral-like walk, or permitn them to be idle in
the house.
t is It is principally for the otronnons itirtucnd
cncc which it exerts on the intellect, health
>old mid happiness of woman, that such physi
>rih cal culture should bu a matter of sacred ohii
ns ligation on parents as regards their daughvilli
ters. There is a degree of ignorance and
jwn carelessness extant on this subject which,
?ted when examined, appears absolutely terrifytree
i?g aiul amazing, lly far the greater maLary
jority even of American girls in the healthlies,
icst period of life are semi-invalids, while a
asy still greater proportion are constant suflfer?ols,
crs when a little advanced in life. All of
this is the direct consequence of neglect.
J at There is not one woman in a thousand
21, who exercises as she ought while young,
Ling or who is educated with a view to health,
sub Of late years this neglect of physical de,
its volopinent has been fearfully increased by
>94- the increased elegance of dress. Little
ifac K'r'3 are c'olhed in silks and crinoline to a
can degree and to cost which was never dreainvitli
Ul' twenty years ago. The result of all
_jls this is "Children behave yourselves and
and fct-'T 'l"'et Exercise is wanting, and dis3
0f ease follows languor.
dis One of the worst results of eontiminllv
:oin debarring women from proper exorcise?
ield fi?d this lias been done for thousands of
Oc years in all civilized countries?lias been
t in 11 reduction of mental force. Sedentary
lives liavo given women nervous power,
was equivalent to occasional violent exertions,
j?e but have deprived then* of the capacity
;tra for long continued effort. We do not con,jle
tend, as unreasonable people wofcld, of
en course, at once assert, that wotUart is natrfJ1
urally as strong as man. But we do believo,
irjn and experience hafc abtanda'rttly proved it,
jcl, that nothing would be easier than to make
all women stronger than tho average of
to men in our Atlantic ciltes noto aVe. This
Va degree of strength was possessed by Greek
ra? women and lionftan ladies, and it involved
with tlieito 110 sacrifice of graco. We consequently
believe that the following extract
from Charles fcieade, is an absurdity,
if wo regard it as setting forth a radical
/as "Nothing Is so hard to woman as ft long
In steady struggle. In matters physical, this
to 's the thing the muscles of fair cannot
>m stand. In matters intellectual and moral,
nd the long strain it is that boats thciU dead,
ras Do not look for a Bacon a, a Newtona, a
ed Ilundella, a Victoria Hnga. Some Ainer>iis
ican ladies tell 113 education has stopped
6v the gVowth 0? these. No J irtesdames.
I in These are not in nature. They can bubto
ble letters in ten minutes that you could no
ct- more delive* to order in ten days than a
river can play like a fountain. They can
sparkle gems of stories; they can flash
an like diamonds of poertis. The entire troupe
,pjt has never produced one opel-a, iior one epic
te- that man could tolerate a ittir.llte ; and
lo. why ??these come by long, high strung
ng labor. Hut weak as they aVe in the long
in. run of everything but affections, (and there
of they are giants,) they are all overpowering
white tlieir gallop lasts. Fragecla shall
tjtl dance Any two of you flat oil tbo floor be)ro
fore four o'clock, and then dance on till
an peep of day. You trundle off to your bu
,|Ct inekB as Usual, and coUhl daiic'e again the
>p. next night, and 80 on through countless
g9. ages. She ^hd danced you into nothing
,s?s is ill bed, a unman jelly crowned with a
,ne headache."
llo ISven Under the present rieglect, ladies
hi- often show the falsehood of Reade'a arguix
ment. Mary Cowden Clarke's sixteen
ng years of labor on her Bhabspet-eHta Concor
iti- dance was a ptotty long *tr?1h. Ruskin
lu as a logical, steady rational writer on art,
nt i:j far inferior to Mrs. Jatiiibson?he, in
Dp fact, is tlie rhapsodical woman, and she
id the reasoning man. Thti instance of a wo<r
man's -receiving a high toned, substantial
ed education, such Ha most literary men who
[r. are scholars hav&' enjoyedj is a4 rare au
of event as a youth's being brought up In
itli petticoats, and yet Master Superficial
I" a Reade, who never bad an ideft above a light
ng comedy, undertakes to My tbdi tfenitls is
ed rtot in woman** ftfett>re< When Woman is
nd educated with a Joint tie# to physical
>*- strength^ permanent healthy and mental
in- vigor and earmfcttdtt, We shall sew genius
nd developed rapidly enotigh. It is Only one
of man in many tbousaud, among tin edu>o
cated, who shows genius; while it ia only
ul- one woman in many thousand who gets an
edaaalion.?Pkila. Bulletin
Death lights.
On Sunday morning^ May 29th, in jSTcVr
York, a young married woman, who bad
been nursing her reBtless babo through llio
night, rose at three o'clock in the tnorning
for a light. While filling the lamp the
burning fluid took fire?covered her dress
?in short, after lingering in ftgony twelve
hours, she died.
Camphene! Cam phenol There is no
paper which does not contain accounts like
the above; no mail in which we do not
read of them yes, and thoro is no family
in which c.tmphene is used in which-, In tho
long rUn, soonor or later, tho disaster does
not como. Wo can rocall an instance in
which we were triumphantly told "Well,
weVa Vised burning fluid these seven years
and no accident yet." The only Answer
fur such a remark is, "then yon are all tho
uearor to one." For tho fact is, wherever
there is a chance of calamity allowod to remain,
depondent upon the simple safeguard
of precaution, it is sure to como at Home
time. Tho lady who was murdered in Now
York by the diabolical, two penny saving
invention, Was, Wo d'ottbt not, very careful
indeed. But when one has-been beWildet
ed and wearied \snlil tlireo o'clock in tho
morning by a trying babe x>r an invalid,
and then attempts, white "tipsy with sleep"
to fill a fluid lartip, nothing is moro likely
than that mistakes may occur.
And there is something 60 terribly lifelike,
so demoniacally mysterious in tho action,
not ovdy of grtnpOwdeY and fire, but
of these fluids. Who 1u\b not been awed
at seeing flames run, apparently like serpents
endowed with intelligence, over surfaces
which gave them no nYltriment, foV
the purpose of destroying distant objects?
Who has not trembled to sec gunpowder
apparently explode of itself, as if mad to
fulfil ft missions ? So it is with all these
destructive materials. It is a poor economy
to ligh t Op a bouse with death fires ahd
corpse candles. Think of this, as you carry
a camphene light arotul With you itt
lonely places at midnight!?P'hictdcljrhid
A Bishop on the Carriage Abiisc.?The
Catholic Sentinel contains a letter from
Bishop Timon of ftuflfalo, in relation to a
rule recently promulgated by hin\ respecting
tho YiYlittbe'r of carriages to be allowed
in attendance tipon^ fiiaerals among
Catholics lrt tho diocese OVer wbith b? tarn.
? J-- ?
sides, ite says*
"The abuses ot faneVAls, oftch making
them become A pastime-, ft pleaaatit dtiVe
tho frequent desc'cratton of m BatTed Hte
and duty; the unchristian scenes-, at tirtioi,
occurring even in tbe grAVeyard; the outraged
feelings of frenl inoUVheVft', the widows
and the orphans, who neictday, hAd ho
' food but what chatfty allied, yet seldom
the charity of the ftiends who-, tho day busfore,
so freely tyeht their m'Oney to hire
twenty Or thirty carriages for the almost
frolrc of a funeral; the tyranny 'Of A WOV&te
than pagan crtstottt, forcing the poo* toan-,
on pain of being called rtlfcntt, lo give hii
last dollar a carriage, nVid leave lite fain ily
neXt dfty Without bVdrtd, the tiVihdWoVod
grave oF the (hind, unriaVked for ttVOhtha
or yeftVs eveh by A cross-, after Alt'thift
friendly display*, thte t'ltrniilt ih the "gfcaVe.
yard', the riotoiis cOrtduet, which frtlitt titttd
to time, deeply grieved the pious attd Haspec
table-, desecrated the cemeter.y-, deprived
il olf its preslige fofr guo'd, Ahd Wfteh
took aw Ay the wish of AgAirt revisftittg it?
ali this, aiid more, occasionally scandalizing
the faithful, nnd exciting the scoffs And rid*
icule of others, have long called f<>V 6h effectual
A remnrkiiblo instance of affection be
tween animals of opposite nat'dre, was
shoWn a few days sirice oVer the riVer.?Mr;
j. ifcasling, dVer there, had twtt fine
horSefl, and a sheep, a nldthetfy old ewe?
who had long grazed together; the sheep
showing always A particular prdfeKjtlce for
one of the hdteesi The other day the iheep
followed her equine friend c5rt an errand
down the coast, seven miles and back. On
the following morning, Mr. itaslilig found
both his horses lying sick, atid the ftlieep
watching sadly dvei- the otio she bad adopted.
Both horses died ; and wlien they
were chragged away fot- skihtoibg and intef
mant, the Aheep followed bet- dead friend
with as riiucU solemnity as If abe bad been
a huitiah mother followibg a child to thef
grave. liie horses bad been poisened by
some malicioua villlab. Our informant
who is a mab of Veracity, as&uaes ti?, at
the most singular circumstance of All, id
this drama among beasts, that since the
death of the horses, the poOfr did sheep hat
lost all her *M>hi
A great many persdtis uti dor take td
build fortunes ad Pat tried to build hie
chimney?tlifej begin at tho top and build
Employnlent, #hich Galon calls *nature'a
physician,' iiid etSCbtial fo human happiness,
that indUl&Ate it justjj considered ?
the Mother of tiihttf.
ftaltirg has sometimes mad* a foo\4
but a coiaorftb is always of man's owti
making.. '
Observed duties maintain our credit bft
secret duties maintain cWf Bfc;

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