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Port Royal standard and commercial. [volume] (Beaufort, S.C.) 1874-1876, December 14, 1876, Image 1

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PORT IROY-AXj
Standard and Commercial.
VOL. V. NO. 2. BEAUFORT, S. C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1876. $2.00 DOT Mom. Single Copy 5 Cents.
' ?? _ T If.
Two Kisses.
" And say if I should give a kiss," 11
The maiden said, 44 What good to mo ,
Would ocme from it?" 44Ton would not ^
miss
So email a boon," eaid ho; x
'' And when I sail o'er far off seas.
Its sweetness will a great joy bring ; a]
And every low or ringing breeze 0;
Will of your fciudnese sing."
44 Ah, men oft say snch words, you know, ^
And then go wandering away |
Where sweeter flowers bud and blow,
. And there forever stay. ^
What bond have I that you will not, n
When you are far beyond the sta,
And have my one poor gift forgot, n
Find lips will sweeter be ?" h
His eyes bent down to meet her gaze,
And clasping Arm her small white hands,
He said: 44 Love ne'er the traitor plays
In any seas or lands : f8
And all the bond that I can give,
Is a love strong, and true, and brave ; h
A thai thronsh earth's life will live. w
And page beyond the grave." ti
Then take your kiss," she whisper'd low,
And mingled were brown hair and gold,
And as the minutes swiftly go,
Love's vows as swift were told.
The mo: niog saw his ship's white sails
Sh\no out bejoud the rippling bay, g
And f<ts: before the growi- g gales
8he winged hei trackless way. ai
t<
And in the watches of the night,
And where the tropic isles lay sweet ^
' With Sjiioy breath and waters bright a
The bending boughs would meet, a
He felt her warm lips on his own ;
JJo eyes we^ e bright, no face was fair ii
That did not tell of her alone, t(
All times an i everywhere, d
gi
She watched his ship sail up the bay, g]
She heaid his footsteps at the gate,
And half afraid did hng'ring stay B
Beside the glowing grate. si
The antnmu twilight fiU'd the room si
With shadows vagne, hot his clear eyes la
Shine truthfully in the half gloom,
All donbt from her sonl flies. &
fc(
Dear love," he said, "I bring to yon bj
Lips that still hold love's signet, set vv
There by jour own, sweet. I am true, oi
I oonld not yon forget." Oi
Unasked he* lips were raised to his,
Her little bands clang to bis own, w
?AlAAmA bias
AUU liCl liiiiuuig nv.wiuv Aim
Told ebe was hia alone. a
? Tnomas S. Collier. I ?
: ?
JUDITH'S TEMPTATION. \t
I a.
I ii
i
How bright and cheerful the kitcher : S1
of the olJ Stedhurst farmhouse looked j
to Judith Biack upon the dreary De- i Li
cember evening when she first came .
there to live! How merrily the fire ' "r
flickered on the wails with red, fantastic u'
reflections! How the tins sparkler ! *
against the wall, and what a song of
welcome the old oopper teakettle sung w
upon the hearth ! And Mrs. Stedhurst s j'*
geraniums in the window, with their I
velvet leaves and spikes of vivid scarlet
blossoms?to Judith they seemed fairer j ai
than any conservatory, crowded full of j11
fan palms and camellias and trailing jas- j Wl
mine. |10
Judith Black had been very poor. A
She had been a dressmaker, bnt times
were very hard. She had striven to get ''u
work, buc applicants were many, and
the cup of starvation had been perilously
close to her lips when she crept
into the office where Edward Stedhurst re
saw her, and engaged her to help his : j11
mother about the housework. ; ,
"1 shan't like her, Ned," said Mrs.
Stedhurst, when the "new girl" had ,
gone up to her owa room for the night, j ^
and mother and son were together be-; P1
fore the kitchen firs. j
" Why not, mother?" i
"Siio's too pretty; and she has such
a haughty, queenly sort of a ,way. I ^
shouldn't think of asking a lady to scrub
the floor and feed the pigs."
" That's nonsense, mother," said Ed- j m
ward, half vexed, half laughing. " She i ,
can't help her fa re, can she ? It is some
of the scraggy faced, smallpox marked
orirla whn -on ATftnJinff no tn f.TiA
wages they would receive and the duties , .
they would be called upon to perform, al
that I wouldn't have 'em in the house j
on any terms. Judith was the only one
who was willing to come for any sort of
work, and willing to accept moderate
wages." a'
" She'll suit you," said Mr. Stedhurst,
who had come in while the discussion as
was going on. " Take my word for it, .
mother, she'll suit you." ^
Judith Black stayed for a month, and f1
then Mvs. Stedhurst engaged her for j at
another month.
44 She is neat," said the lady, 44 and she j
is quick to learn, a id I believe her to be j
thoroughly trustworthy."
44 If only Ned don't fall in love with
her," humorously suggested Mr. Sted- M
hurst. * or
44 Why shouldn't he fall in love with ; ;o
her, if he wants to?" said Mrs. Sted- Uy
hurst, valiantly. * | ;n
44 My dear, my dear," remonstrated j ex
Mr. Stedhurst, 44 what do you know | hi
about her?" j 44
44 What do you know about any girl, j w>
for that matter?" said Mrs. Stedhnrot. vi
44 She is certainly very pretty, and very iu
faithful, and ver^ _onest." j dc
44 Honest," put in Mr. Stedhurst, dry- Iall
ly, 44 because she has no temptation to ;
be otherwise." ca
"Now, rhiueis, you aro too bad," go
said Mrs. Stelhurst, impatiently. " Tho ao
current jelly has uevcr been disturbed in "
the okxset, and I have left the sugar bowl ve
twice on tne dresser with thirty-three | ho
lumps of sugar in it, and-tliirt.-three j to,
1 there were, and I counted them after she i h
had gone to bed." !
| "Not very great temptations, those," | to
I said Mr. Stedhursfc, smiling. j La
"No," said his wife, "but straws
show which way the wind blows." I til
About a mouth subsequent to this i r.u
H conversation, Edward ifcedhurst came to j
BR his father.
" Father," said he, "I was twenty-one I gij
yeirs old in October." | va
H " Yes," said Mr. Sfcedhurst. j l.t
H "And you were a year younger than j *1
that when you were untried ?" In
*'I believe so, Ned." \ hi
i
44Have you any objections to my takigawife?"
?
4' None in the world?if it proves that ^
le is the right sort of a wife I" answered ?
i? old gentleman. p
44 Father, I have fallen in love with j
ndith Black," confessed Edward.
44 Just exactly what I have feared all
long," said Mr. Stedhurst, with a shrug rj
t his shoulders.
44 Why do you use the word 4feared,' j
ither?" questioned Edward. e
4 4 Because, my lad, she is almost a L1
ranger to us." g
4 4 Father, I would stake my life on
er truth and honesty," said the young ?
ian. *
44 Because you are in love with her, j
iy son. Edward, have you spoken to _
eryet?" ? p
"Alotyei, sir. c
" Will you do me a favor ?" .
Edward smiled a little. ?
"That depends upon what it is, b
ither." [
" Will you wait a week before you ask E
er to become your wife? Will you j,
ait a week without asking aDy ques- *
one?" i
' If you desire it, sir."
" At the end of that time I will tell j
ou what I think upon the matter." p
And Mr. Stedhurst went out. ?
The next day he brought down an 0
rmful of old coats, vests, etc., from the v
arret. D
"Judith," said he, "these things ^
re getting motheaten. They belonged j,
) an old uncle of mine, who died ten j
ears ago?an odd, miserly old fellow _
ho hoarded everything up, and died in ?
cellar at last. I want them cut into r
irpet rags." 0
" Yes, sir," answered Judith Black, r
l the soft, low voioe which was habitual j
> her. And when her day's routine of s
oty was done, she went to work dili- a
ently with Mrs. Stedhurst's large t
lean. ^
She was all alone in the kitchen the | a
ext afternoon just as the clock was ! s
diking three. And as she worked she j a
jng softly to herself an old Scotch bal- i D
d, " Bonnie Dundee."
Picking up an old waistcoat of ginger { c
jlored cloth, she chipped off the but- a
>ns, and mechanicaliy turned the pock- f(
1:8 inside out to cut them away. There Q
as a piece of folded brownish paper in ,j
ae of them. Judith took it out, withat
thinking much of it, and unfolded it c
To her surprise, she peroeived that it
as a twenty-pound note.
In her first astonishment she uttered
little cry, all alone though she was.
nd then she remembered what Mr.
tedhnrst had said about the miserly 3
Id one who had " hoarded up his little 4
aius and died in a cellar at last" This, ;
oubtless, was one of the old man's hid- ,<
ig places?and he died and made no *
go- 3
And this precious bit of paper?was it g
jt hers by right of disoovery ? ,
Her eyes gleamed and her fingers 1 ;j
embled ooDvulsively as they tightened ' ,
pon it! She needed it so much! She | ^
?? 0^ nAAw OA r\inrtV?n^ rr?Anftr I
AO OU pWi OV j.'UlVUVU AVA UAVUVJ I |J
ud these Stedhursts, to whom it would | ^
iturally revert, were rich and did not i r<
?ed it. They would never know. No- ti
)dy would know. t,]
For a minute the temptation battled a
?roely with her better nature. For j a
inute only; and then she rose up and ! u
But straight to the door of the tool- j
om?wentjwith drooping eyt lids and i tj
scarlet stain on either cheek. j g
"Come in," said Mr. Stedhurst, as j p
lo knocked at the door, and she en- j 3
red. ; o
14Mr. Stedhurst," said she, in a voice i c
at would falter a little in spite of her J Q
solution to oontrol it; 44 Lere is some 1 5
oney?a twenty pound note. I have ! a:
und it in the pocket of one of those j a
d waistcoats." I h
44 Ah," said Mr Stedhurst, putting j &
)wn his plane and taking the crumpled Q
t of paper. 44 And why didn't yon ^
lop it ? Did it not occur to you that I t<
3uld never know anything about it f" j 0]
44Yes," said Judith, slowly, 44 it did i ft
icur to me, sir." * j b
44 Then why didn't you keep it?" tc
44 It was not mine," Judich answered, Y
a low tone. k
44 Judith," said old Phineas, 441 put 1 p
at iu.oney there." \ w
44 You did?" tl
441 did. To test you. To make sure !
iat the girl to whom my boy had given j
3 heart was worthy of him." < j,
Judith's faoe glowed a deep scarlet, i rj
441?I don't understand you, sir," &
id she.
44 No. I snDDose not. But vou will in 1
few days."
And she did when Edward Stedhurst
ked her fco be his wife. S
"My own love," he said, " the house ol
is been like a different place sinoe you cm
me into it. Will you promise to stay i
>re always?" i
And Judith's answer was " Yes." i is
. iii
" Packarapo.w" i
A Gape paper tells the story of a ^
aori who, haviDg been the unfortunate 1 m
editor of a bankrupt, had lost ?40 or 1
, and was determined to master the 1 ' i
stem by which be was deprived of his \
t>ney. Having done so, he was able to { ? j
plain to his friends that ho had lost!',,
s money because the debtor became c
Packarapu." In explanation of this
>rd he said that a white man who ^
ints to become a " Packarapu " goes A,
to business and gets lots of goods and
es not pay for them. He then gets j ^
[ the money he can get together?say j
5,000?and puts it away where no one j
n get it, all except ?5. With this he i
es to the judge of the supreme court, j ^
d tells him he wishes to beoome |
Packarapu. " The judge says he is | 8
ry sorry, but of course it cannot be j
>lped, and he then calls all the lawyers I cj
gether, likewise all the men to whom j ^
e " Packarapu " owes money, and he !
? . nfm,:. ? Knt ! IJ
y3 ; " j.mo uiau is x waiuajyu, um( ^
filing lo give yon all he has got, he
is asked me to divide this among yon *
I." The judge thereupon gives ?4 to
e lawyers and ?1 to the other men, 0j
id the 44 Packarapu " goes home. ^
She?"Now,
Charles, mV dear, do be nj
icere and tell the trnth for onoe in
?ur life ; don't yon love baby jnst a
tie bit?" He?41 Well, Mary, I can't ai
y exactly that I love the little beggar, pi
it I have a sort of sneaking respect for j K
m for his father's sake." j Ic
The Chinese Committee's Work.
The first witnesses examined by the ,
Chinese Congressional committee at its
I ret working session in San Francisco,
ays a local paper, were ex-Governor
jow, formerly United States minister ,
t Peking, and T. H. King, an old ship (
aptoin for many years in China waters. |
?iie witnesses concur that the immi,Tants
to this State are coolies, and
Ling says coolieism is substantial slavry.
Their female importations are ,
learly all prostitutes, and the governor
ays prostitution is one of the most de
jading of crimes in China. Polygamy
3 lawful there, and wives are bought
nd sold like chattels; children also. ,
children are often out to death 1
a rednndants, and the law does not
mliish this as a crime. They do not
ome here to remain, but to scrape together
a certain amount of money and
etnrn. Governor Low says this labor
lere "has bad a had effect on our
oys, crowding them out of employaent,
and it tends to degrade white (
abor." Most of these immigrants come ;
rom Canton, but are embarked at the j
Jritish port of Hong Kong, and our i
government would have to arrange with
England to stop the coolie traffic at that 1
ort. The suspension of it would work
emporarily against the Pacific Mail and
ther steamship oompaniea, but they j
rould get even in the long run by the ,
natural growth of our commerce with i
isia under tin inspiration of white <
abor and white enterprise. Captain
Ling testified that the Pacific Mail Com- j
any has been in the habit of carrying ,
oohes on three decks, while the law (
estricts them to one. He says the ,
aths of the class who come here are not t
eoeived in any consular court in China.
'erjury is a common practice. Their <
anitary condition is horrible?far worse ,
t home than here, though many of ,
heir dens are too filthy for a well-bred ,
iog to live in. The Six Companies are
n outgrowth of the coolie system of j
la very. They enforce the contracts 1
nd protect the oontractcrs from the
atnral perfidy of the coolie, who would
ever keep any part of it if he were not i
ompelled. The Six Companies employ (
class of roughs called Highbinders to
orce the coolies who are refractory, and j
lurder is often done by the Highbinder 1
a the execution of this duty. It can i
ever be reached and punished by our i
ourts, because snbornation and pertiry
always relieve the assassin. ,
A 91imp3e of the Czar. !
I entered oneof the many shady walks |
rhich spread out in all directions, says !
writer, and a few turns brought me to i,
small marble building in Grecian j
tyle, half hidden by foliage, with a ;
mail knot of people lounging about the
-A ? -? X ? I ,
atruiice. ii Buuri* uwwiuuu uwitjr u ]
room was leading a white charger up <
nd dowu. Upon inquiry I found that ,
[jo emperor was in the building, which ,
ontains a bath, and that the people ,
'ere waiting to present to him com ,
luiuts or petitions. Several old women \
ranted to have their conscripted sons ]
situ mod, while others wore suing for
ho pardon of some criminal, and,
hough I had nothing in particular to
;iy to his majesty, I concluded to stay 1
nd have a good look at him. We did !
ot have to wait long. The folding
ioors opened, and with rapid strides a J
ill form passed by and had reached the i1
room with the horse before any of the j i
etitioners could approach him. As he \
lounted E had a full view of his fair j
pen countenance, but his steed was a 1
loro beautiful object to look upon?the !
oblest horse I ever saw; of pure Arab ]
lood, milk white, with rosy nostrils, '
nd gracefulness and strength in every J
love. When his imperial master seated |
imself the gentle animal turned its j'
ead and affectionately attempted to '
ibble the emperor's boots, but a single
ord started him off on a canter, much
) the dismay of the petitioners, who J
ndeavored to keep up with him, hold- !
lg out their papers. The czar shouted j
ack a few words, telling them to come
) the palace, and disappeared from
iew. For the sake of the beautiful i'
orse I was glad to hear that there is a j
ark at Tzarskoio Selo, where all horses j1
ho have ever carried his majesty on '
leir back are kept in idleness and | j
bundance when their time of active ;
wm'iw has PTTkirMl. nnd there is no i t
egradation in store for them to car--!1
age or even cart horses when old age ; [
lines on.
1
"What Onr Churches Cost Us."
The publishers give an article in i
cribner under the above title, which is 1
f interest in relation to the recent dis- 11
ission as to church debts. The thoory ^
pon which largo churches are built is, r
:at the expense for each sitting in a ^
rge church, even with a considerable i
abt, is less per capita than in a small | g
lurch without any debt at all. For in- j j
ance, the expenses of a church in New ! ^
ork city seating 500 people will be ^
xrat $15,000 a year, or $30 per sitting,
he cost of running a church tbat will r
>at 2.000 persons, with a funded debt | c
: $100,000, will be about $22,000 a j
?ar, or only $10 or $12 a sitting, or j r
iout twenty-five cents lor each person j a
r each Sabbath in the year. !
A notice is given that the Presbyte- !
an Memorial church of New York, | a
ev. Dr. Robinson, lias just paid off I ^
100,000 of its debt, and proposes to j f
.rry permanently the remaining $100,- j j,
K), charging up the interest ($7,000 a j
lar) to running expenses. As the ! e
likling Ls designed to seat nearly 2,000 | g
-opl^, if filled to its utmost capacity, j _
te chargo for interest to each person j
ould be less than $4 a year, or about i e
iven cents a Sunday. It is worthy of j E
ito that all the pew owners in this j c
lurch have surrendered their title to ; j.
ifir pews, so that there is now no ^
aivileged class, and that the latest e
>nier enjoys all the privileges and im- j
unities of those who have borne the i c
javiest burdens. The pastor himself | B
w contributed over 825,000 to the i v
mrch building from the prooeeds of
is hjicn and tune books, which have
id wide popularity in ohurches of every
ime. *
? e
Interesting Japan item: ?*The Choy c
lAinoun states that about thirty news- p
iper writers confined in the jail of a
aji'?ashi have been removed to tbo j a
5 hi gay a jail in Tokio." j j
A PRISON IN NORWAY. U
c!
The Methods Employed by Mr. Petersen in t!
the Reformation of Criminals, and the
Results Obtained.
The penitentiary is the latest and best tl
of the Norwegian prisons, having been iE
opened twenty-five years ago (1861). It q
has two hundred and fiftv cells, spacious Q
and well ventilated. I "visited, ex- ti
amined and inspected " it in September Ci
of last year. Mr. Richard Petersen, a p
son of the late prime minister of Nor- e]
way, is the director or warden, a gentle- b
man of excellent natural gifts, of large p
culture, and a heart whose every pulsa- gj
tion is for the reform, the elevation?in h
a word, the salvation of the fallen and n
the unfortunate. In his whole work he
has but one impulse, one desire, one s<
aim; it is, by God's help, to change bad N
men into good ones. His devotion is tl
illustrated in a remark made in evident p
unconsciousness that there was any self- p
praise in it. Referring to the feeble n
* lit. t * *
state oi His neaiw, now ueuummg i p
obronio, he said: " I ought not to re- J o:
main in the penitentiary; bat I cannot C
help it." Devotion so unselfish and so n
tireless would, one would naturally sup- u
pose, be rewarded with many reforma tl
fcions, and such is the fact. o<
On the arrival of the prisoner at the d;
penitentiary Mr. Petersen first takes him tc
into his office, and in a strictly private fr
conversation questions him kindly but
searchingly as to his past life, his
parents, his brothers and sisters, where
und how he had lived, his occupation .
and earnings, what had led him into P
crime, and especially the oause of the 5;
criminal act for which he had now been
committed. In this inquest M. Peter- ai
Ben's manner is so gentle, so kindly, so 8!
winning, so truly paternal, for his heart r<
is in the work, that tho prisoner's confi- 11
dence is gained, he is more often than t,
otherwise melted into tears, and the
secrets of his life are laid bare.
All the facts elicited in this interview ?
are carefully set down in the " character (
book." ?
Next Mr. Petersen explains to the u
prisoner the nature of the punishment S(
to be undergone, what he will be re- ai
quired to do and what not to do while in ,
prison, and why all this has been made l?
necessary by his crime. He gives him *
to understand that it is his duty to see K
the prescribed punishment executed, ?
and at the same time he explains to and j*
impresses upon him that he and the
other officers are the prisoner's best 3
friends, since their great object is to ,
change him by God's blessing into a
better man. P
In the "character book" is after- Jj
ward, from time to time, inserted what- ?
ever is calculated to throw light oil the
moral state of the prisoner, snch as fragments
of his correspondence, how he
works, studies, repents, confesses unde- r
tected crimes (a thing not uncommon); "
or, contrariwise, how he neglects his
opportunities, and grows worse. His ^
disciplinary punishments are also all set j
JowAn the same book ; in a word, an
outline of his entire moral history dur- R
ing his imprisonment is there made
matter of record.
CARE OP DISCHARGED PRISONERS. r(
Before his discharge the prisoner is k
igain called into the director's office, si
md a parting conversation recouuts lc
briefly the incidents of his prison life, is
He tells what advancement he has madj, A
ind in what directions; what are his w
plans and purposes; where he wishes to w
?o, what to do, etc. Then, if his hon e A
ls not in Christiania, the director asks a]
bim to write to him often and freely, w
ind so inform him where he is and how a
lie lives, what he works at, how much he t*
?arns, and what sort of persons he vi
jhooses for his comrades ; in short, to ca
tell him all the particulars of his life, 9
bis successes, his failures, etc. He as- et
mres the prisoner, at the same t me, ft
that he will still continue his interest in
bim, and seek his welfare. The chaplain's
estimate of the prisoner and wbat3ver
suggestions ho has to offer concern- . ,
ing him are inserted in the " character ^
bdok." Lastly, his weight at his en- rr
:rance and at his discharge is recorded
therein.
Mr. Petersen lays great stress on these ^
ecords relating to the prisoner, believ- :
ng it necessary to study the man thor- j?
Highly in order to manage and mold
lim as an individual being. He rejards
individualization as essential to all UJ
eformatory prison discipline. He lays f
>qnal stress on his correspondence with
iberated prisoners, having by this f1
neans, he says, in many cases continued
i good work and carried it forward to .
jorfection.
m
THE MEANS EMPLOYED. ^
Mr. Petersen visits all the inmates of g:
he prison in their cells every three &
veeks, and in special cases cftaner. Hi
Che chaplain also sees and converses is
?ith the whole body of prisoners with e\
squal frequency, without limiting him- cl
;elf, however, to once iu thre^ weeks, ei
h the present incumbent Mr. Petersen ri
;as an able, devoted and faithful co- ut
worker. p
Through these agencies Mr. Petersen w
eaches, with few exceptions, the hearts sc
>f his prisoners, for his own heart works
n and by them. As a consequence he
arely fails to win their confidence and
flection. Thus he governs them by .
jentleness and love rather than by vio- 111
euce and fear, and they are unspeak- ?
bly better governed, are made more pj
locile, orderly and obedient by the ,
IL.J XI XI 1 ^ of
ormer metuuu wmu tuujr wuiuu \jl uui ((
>e by the latter.
A meeting of the prison staff is held
very Saturday for conference and conultation
on all matters and interests P*
>ertaining to the prison and prisoners, p
Among the best reformatory agencies p
mployed Mr. Petersen counts the ser- "c
Qons and personal conversations of the nc
liaplain, the school and the labor. The
abor, he declares, is a "hobby" with
dm. "Ah!" said he, kindling with *n
nthusiasm as he uttered the words, w<
'our prisoners who are employed as a<?
abinet makers, turners, blacksmiths, di
addlers, basket makers, etc., behave P1
rell."
THE LABOR SYSTEM.
ca
The labor system differs greatly in the ba
hree Scandinavian countries. In Den- m
aark the prison labor is let to private m
ontractors; and the director-general of
>risons, Mr. Bruun, defends the system lii
a the best yet devised, being there, he Si
ays, held so firmly in hand by the nc
)rison authorities as to prevent all in- es
jrferenoe with the discipline and exlude
all hurtful influences. In Sweden
le labor is managed on a mixed system, r
lat is, partly on acconnt of the state
ad partly by letting it to contractors, j
aough the latter, it must be confessed, r
i dominant. Nevertheless, Mr. Aim- fi
uiet, director-general of prisons of {
weden, a gentleman of large observa- ^
on and experience, thinks that to se- j
are the best results of prison disciline,
so far as the reformation of prison- x
rs is concerned, all the industries should ?
e under the direction of the authorities. ^
differing in this respect from both her .
sters, Norway manages the labor of ?
? Vi i-nn ?Vi tVloir I ,
OJC pciauuo CAUIUOITCIJ VUXVUQ.* I
sspective administrations. e
Now, what are the results of these j
jveral systems? Financially, that of ]
'orway is the most satisfactory. While j
le net earnings of the Danish prisons (ay
only forty-four centum of their cx- ^
enses, the earnings of the Norwegian .
risoDB meet on an average fifty-four |
er oentum of the total cost, while some f
f them?the house of correction at .
hristiania, for instance?come very c
ear to the point of self-support. I am fi
nable to. give with the same precision j
le proportion between earnings and j
Dst in the Swedish prisons, but from the y
ata in my possession I should incline ^
) the belief that it would not vary much 1
om that of Denmark. e
How a Fortune was Hade.
In 1823, Talma, having only appeared I
1 tragedy since 1796, consented to give i
is support to Mile. Mars in one of ^
assimir Delavigne's comedies. The e
nnouncement created a wonderful sen- f
ition?the best actor and the best act- t
3ss in France to appear together. One 1
torning, about a week previous to the ?
enounced appearance, while Mile, f
[ars was in her private apartments, a i
lanufacturer of Lyons asked for an au- pience.
On entering, he spread out be- 1
>re the actress a shimmering fold of I
Mtly yellow velvet. 44 Will you deign t
) accept this, and make my fortune?" f
lid the visitor. Explanations followed, *
d it was understood to be purely a s
U8iness affair. The sagaoious manu- t
icturer knew very well that the superb c
oman before him set the fashion in fe- fc
lale dress before all Paris. Yellow vel- 1
et was his specialty, but nobody wora, 3
;; and yet he was assured that it womu J
e all the rage if once seen upon the *
ueen of the stage. Mile. Mars did not ^
now. The color was very trying; she c
ad dresses enough; but, at length, the t
leading of the manufacturer overcame e
er scruples, and, in the kindness of her t
eart, she took the velvet and handed it c
> her dressmaker, with instructions for 1
le making up. The eventful evening 1
rrived, and Mile. Mars was arrayed in *
er robes of yellow velvet. On behold- t
lg the reflection of herself in her i
ressing-room mirror, her heart gave t
ay. 44 It is too ridiculous!" she cried, t
Imost shedding tears of vexation. "I a
>ok like an awfully exaggerated canary c
ird. Really, I cannot appear. Tell t
le manager he must postpone the play, t
r, at least, wait for me." Talma heard 1
le word, and hurried from his dressing *
)om. 44Is that all?" he said, when he |
ad surveyecf tho queen and heard her t
my. "Upon my word, you never I
>oked better in your life. The effect <
i superb. I am charmed with it." ^
nd the play want on. In leas than two
eeks thereafter the 8nlon8 of Paris t
ere literally golden with yellow velvet.
. lady could not be in the fashion in c
aytlnng else. Years afterward the c
ealthiest manufacturer of Lyons gave 1
grand fete in honor of Mile. Mars, en- 1
staining her sumptuously. The festi- J
il was held in a spacious and superb s
luntry house on the banks of the c
aone, and the fortune upon which the
state had been reared had grown up ?
om yellow velvet. t
^
Hints Abont Dresses. ?
r
Polonaises that are to be worn both in j
10 house and tho street, Harper's y
>azar says, are provided with an extra c
ning o! flannel that may be basted in
>r street wear. This lining is of white fl
lulled flannel, made separately from fi
le polonaise, but similarly shaped, and a
long enough to reach down over the ;
ips, where the drapery of tho skirt be- j.
Ins. It is : imply pinked on the edges,
at hemmed, and is provided with
eeves. Ladies who havo thin arms
ave flannel linings for all close sleeves,
id others, to give greater roundness, ]
ave a slight wadding in the sleeves, t
rThite silk silesia waist linings or I f
billed stripes are used by the best dress- 1
lakers for handsome dresses. These r
rilled silks are softer than the gros, c
rain linings formerly used, and are t
ore pliable. The long seams of these x
ings are pressed open, and each edge t
bound with narrow white ribbon; t
ren the dress protector of oil silk or of i
lamois placed under the arms is cov- t
ed with white silk and bound with J
bbon. These long seams are most a
raally sewed by machine even by t
rench dressmakers, but in most of the
ell made imported dresses all other
ams are sewed by hand.
A New England Type of Insanity. c
The superintendent of the Taunton J
natic hospital thinks he has discovered T
New England typo of insanity, cer- ?
inly more positive, clearer cut, and
ss easily managed, than the majority ^
cases elsewhere. " It may," he says,
be a trace of the old Pn.itan blood, a
it I think, rather, it is due to the ?
laracter of our climate, as it soon ap- ?
jars iu our foreign population. It is *
laracterized by intensity?used often ^
culminate in Bell's disease, -which I "
ive not seon of late ; it delights in c
>ise?the crash of glass is music to its
,rs; it rends its garments, refuses
od so as often to require the stomach 81
be, settles into despair so deep that it 8
:>ald seem dementia were it cot so ^
tively suicidal, and, in acute cases, 0
es of maniacal exhaustion out of all n
oportion to that recorded elsewhere." 8
W
Every young man in the Sioux nation u
rries a pocket mirror, either of glass n
tcked with quicksilver or some shining c
etal; but an Indian maid is not per- r:
itted to look at a reflection of her face, v
en in the brook, for this is the mason- o
le privilege. Almost everything the s
oux o^ns is " wakan," or sacred ; but fi
(thing that the squaw possesses is so p
teemed. ?
The Sleepy Church Goer.
The other day Mr. Bellamy read in a ]
eligious paper the following paragraph: fin
" Many very good people are annoyed wh
>y sleepiness in church. The following cai
emedy ia recommended : Lift the foot to
even inches from the floor, and hold it to
n suspense without support for the sul
imb, and repeat the remedy if the at- tel
ack returns." on
Now, Mr. Bellamy is a very good so,
nan, and he is subject to that very wb
innoyanoe, which in his case amounts wb
o a positive affliction. So he out that th<
>aragraph .out, in aooordanoe with the ve:
appended instruction, and pasted it in fae
. . _ Li. i ?A T l
118 nai, ana was rejuiueu in uia luiuuot a *
oul to think that he had fonnd a relief we
rom his annoyance. He hoped that Ii
Deacon Ashbury, who had frowned at I a
lim so often and so dreadfully for nod- ha
ling, hadn't seen the paragraph, for the th<
leacon sometimes slept under the be
ireach-ed word, and Mr. Bellamy wanted we
0 get even with him. Snnday morning ar<
bond the good man in his accustomed be
ilace, devout and drowsy as ever. The im
shurch was very comfortably filled with foi
in attentive congregation, and Mr. Bel- cai
amy was soon cornered np in one end of ms
he pew, and the strange yonng lady me
rho sat next him was attended by a a 3
rery small white dog, that looked like a He
oil of cotton batting with red eyes and to
1 black nose. The opening exercises It
>assed off without incident, and the pa
ninister hadn't got to secondly when the
llr. Bellamy suddenly roused himself go
nth a start from a doze into which he g*
raw dropping. His heart fairly stood aff
till as he thought how nearly be had ms
orgotten his recipe. He feared to at- foi
met any attention to himself, lest his dri
rrecious method should be discovered,
nd slowly lifted his left foot from the thi
ootstool and h fid it about seven iuehes at
n the air. As he raised his foot the th>
trango young lady shrunk away from tre
lim in evident alarm. This annoyed m]
dr. Bellamy, and disconcerted him so otl
hat he was on the point of lowering his to
oot and whispering an explanation, ' ai
vhen the dog, whioh had been quietly ha<
leeping by the footstool, opened its oaj
yes, and teeing the uplifted foot slowly nic
lescending in its direction, hastily wa
erambled to its feet and backed away, cf <
larking and yelling terrifically. The bu
roung lady, now thoroughly alarmed, wc
erked her feet from off the footstool, wi
vhich immediately flew up under the wh
reight of Mr. Bellamy's foot, and the liv
log, excited by this additional catas- lie
rophe, fairly barked itself into oonvul- cri
ions. Deacon Ashbury, awakened by pl<
be racket, came tiptoeing and frowning sai
town the aisle, bending his shaggy foi
irows upon Mr. Bellamy, who actually
xfiieved that if he got much hotter ho
vould break out in flames that'not even
" * -_ 1L.1 4. J i
tie beaded perspuauon mat was suuiuDg
out on his scarlet face could exinguish.
The young lady rose to leave t
he pew, Mr. Bellamy rose to. explain, f?1
md, as he did so, she was quite convinced :{"
>f.what she had before been suspicious, r!
hat he was crazy. She baoked out of s
he pew and sought Deaoon Ashbury's
irotection. Mr. Bellamy attempted to j ai
vhisper an explanation to the deacon, .
mt that austere official motioned him m'
iack|into his seat, and, as the minister ",(
mused until the inter:uption should
tease, said in a severe undertone that wa
vas heard all over the church: .
"You've been dreaming again, Bro- I(X
her Bellamy."
Mr. Bellamy sunk into his seat, quite *a
sovered with confusion as with a oouple J
>f garments and a bed quilt, and his un- P*
lappiness was greatly aggravated, when ^
le looked up into the choir, and saw ar'
Driscoll convulsed with merriment,
itnffing his handkerchief into his mouth wc
ind shaking with suppressed laughter. SP
After service Mr. Bellamy, who was, 1'
ill through the service, the center of at- ca
Taction for the entire congregation, wc
vaited for his pastor and made one more v?
sffort to explan his unfortunate esca- .
>ade. Bat the minister, whose seimon W1
iad been quite spoiled by the affair,
valved him to silence and said, quite ee
:oldly: P?
'' Ncer mind, Brother Bellamy; don't 1D*
ipologize ; you meant very well, I dare P"
ay, but if you make so much disturbince
when you are awake, I believe I
rould prefer to have you sleep qnietly
lirough every sermon I preach." z.
Wfi
thi
Seeing the Big Show. g0,
One of our Nevada ranchers, says the ap
Jeno (Nev.) Gazette, sent his wife East he
o see the big show at Philadelphia, and Th
ollowed in abont three months himself, eff
/>nnnln fifflVAH with t,hf il" th
L UO irVAVU^ W u^/iv W*.
elatnes, about ten miles from Phila- otl
ielphia, for six weeks, and upon re- j Ka
timing to the land of the sagebrnsh th<
ras asked for particulars in regard to an<
he Centennial. " Well," said he, "I'll gai
ell you how it was. My wife was visit- th(
n' round afore I went, aud didn't get bu
o the city, and when I got there brother ?tr
rim was jest thrashin' his buckwheat, is
,nd they kep' us so busy helpin' 'em tli?
hat I didn't get to the show at all" saj
tli<
tro
An Advance in Co-Operation.
The Sovereigns of Industry of Maesahusetts,
Vermont, New Hampshire and j
iaine have taaen an important step in
pening a general purchasing agency at
Joston, open to all the stores, boards of
rade and counoils of the order. The ^
gency is under the control of the " New je|
England Co-operative Board of Trade,"
new organization, composed of dele- ^
ates from the co-operative stores, ^
lovereigns' local boards of trade, and 0f
he State councils. The first plan was pja
o establish a wholesale store, bnt this
ras given up as involving too mnch
apital and risk. v
? en<
A Good Wat to Wash Linen.?Dis- ab<
olve two pounds of soap in about three wit
allons of water as hot as the hand can fro
ear, and add to this one tablespoonful for
f turpentine and three of liquid am- old
lonia. The mixture must then be well tio:
tirred and the linen steeped in it for sul
wo or three hours, taking care to cover
p the vessel which contains them as 1
early hermetically as possible. The int
lothes are afterward washed out and A c
insed in the usual way. The soap and the
rater may be reheated and used a sec- sot
nd time, but, in that case, half a table- fin<
poonful of turpentine and a tablespoon- cor
cd of ammonia must be added. The ing
rocess causes a great eoonomy in time, the
ibor and fuel. sm<
"l
A WJPSJ'S LUC.
[ was quite young when I received my
st lesson in fortune telling, says one
10 recently escaped from a gypsy
up. For the first season I was only
tell fortnnes tor young girls. I was
jndge them ar d say most about love
bjects. Afterward I was allowed to
1 anybody. If I could lay my hands
anything worth having I would do
, but it was no business of anybody's
lere I got it. I was never asked
tere I got things. I was pleased at
9 idea of telling fortunes, and I did
ry well at the business. I picked up
it, and before the first season closed
mew how to read human nature very
ill and oould read character tolerably,
nil not say much about stealing, for
im ashamed. Some of our wagons
ve false bottoms, so that whenever
9 camp was searched nothing oould
found. If the officers came they
re given full privilege to search ail
3 wow tVifiw trora ImI to
iUilU) 2VLLU ill HUM nwj j tvwv ^
lieve, many times, that we were really
locent. There is no truth at all in
tune telling. We eaid just what
me into onr minds. One time a young
in in Tennessee came to me and told
> to go to a certain house and induce
roung girl to have her fortune told.
) told me what to say. He was in
re with her and wanted to marry her.
understood him, and carried out my
rt very well. I snng her a song aboat
a young lover, and the beautiful girl
k as white as enow, then red, and then
re me five dollars. She could well
ord it. I got; ten dollars from the
in. He had been discarded, but be e
we left the place I saw the pair ont
iving.
There's any amount of trickery like
s among the gypsies. I liked the life
first, it was free and romantic; but
ally I tired of it, because I was ill
ated. I always wanted to keep np
r appearance, which made some of the
ler women jealous. They commenced
spread evil reports about me, and
d that I was guilty of crime that I
d fought hard to overcome and espe.
Business got bad, and all my
>ney was either loet or stolen from the
gon. It was not easy to make my
?pe, for the men watched me closely;
11 managed it at last. Talk about
men being drudges among decent
lite people, that's nothing! Women
10 are compelled to live wandering
es in this country are compelled to
, cheat, steal and commit almost any
me to obtain money. There are
mty of women who are situated the
lie as I was, and who are but waiting
: a good chance to get off.
Bntchcring Women.
imong the incidents of the Dntch
" f.h? Hnnt.h Africans are the
A cgutuuv %MV - .
lowing. A party of Schiikmann's
ce weLt out from Steel Eoort to scour
3 surrounding mountains, twenty*
ee men with a cannon went on one
[e, and twenty five men on horseback
nt on another. The men with the
unon destroyed a large number of
ts belonging to various Kaffirs residj
among the kloofs and hollows of the
juntains, but they came upon no
iftrs. The party of horse on their
y to a kraal or a Kaffir village met
me women who had been out to gather
xL The first one, a young woman,
s wounded by one of the band. She
s then shot through the head as she
r on the groand by another of the
rty. Both men were Englishmen,
veral more women were killed in the
ml. They were questioned as to
iere the cattle of the kraal were, and
(re promised that their lives would be
Ared on condition that they told,
ley gave the information, but the
ttle were not overtaken. The two
men were then taken back with the
lunteers to Steel Poort, and a council
war held as to what should be done
th them. It was decided, or at least
stenaed to bo so, that they should be
! at liberty^ They were then sent out
der the escort of two Kaffirs belong*
j to Schlickmann's force. When they
rived at the river one of tho chiefs of
3 volunteers is said to have told the
ifflrs : "Now you are to kill these
men, and to know that they are dead
must hear the shots." The women
* ? " J Ana nt
re accordingly iouoweu. vm ?
3m put her hands together, and beaght
the Kaffirs, whose intentions she
pears to hare dinned, not to shoot
r. She had an infant on her back,
le man fired the gun, the ball took
ect in the child's head, and passed
rough the woman's shoulder. The
ler woman was shot by the other
ffir through the back The Kaffirs
m stabbed their victims, and returned
3 showed the blood upon their assets.
There was a great outcry among
3 more decei t men of the volunteers,
t no steps were taken to prevent such
ocities. The leader of the volunteers
alleged to be more anxious to kill
j women than the men, because, he
rs; thev pick and sow, and thus are
) chief instruments in prolonging the *
r. *
Anxious to pie*
iantanta, the celebrated Kiowa chief,
o is under sentence for life in the
ite prison of Texas, made an ineffeoil
attempt to end his life by suicide,
e chief has beeu for some time in a
pressed and melancholy state of mind,
iflng under the restraint of prison
TiVv? onrr a fimA however. he liflfl
3D alldwed to walk within the limits
the yard, up to the picket line, being
oed among the "trusties," who are
wed a certain freedom from restraint,
itching his opportunity he had prored
a small rope, and, fastening one
1 to a scaiitling, tied the other end
)ut his neck, and was caught dangling
ih his feet *.bout twenty-four inches
m the ground, but was cut down bee
life was extinct Thus the brave
[scalper was saved from strangula ,
and the surgeon oheated out of a
)ject.
[Ire Chinese do not seem to have an
uitive idea of the sanctity of an oath,
consular office boy, who bad been in
* service nine years, was looking for
aethiDg which he evidently could not
3, and was asked what it was. " The
urul is going to try a case this mornhe
replied, " and I am looking for
i little book he make* the witneests
&1L"
9

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