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rini.i.HiirD ix coonsox. The Virginia portloa f the Towa. BY I. C FOWLER. Xt n?ne l eery TuekUy at fVMO per an a s. it 14 fur.iisiie 1 to clu)3 of ten at Sl.f'O per oopv. The nlitnr of the N -: is not refpotm for nrJM'iss exprceted lj orret-pend- ADVERTISING ft . - J. - K t r if.- . .V -4 Y I Firt i:ii?wi rV i r : t 3t i- L'..ct; .'HI i .,7'o find t:e r'i;- l-r '.. ;. - the r:ire lor eiii cr, i'r-t fin! t l tvl ;i i4 i it K(I1 lnliii-eit;JT t tr rrt .- llilM' ! t tt ? r ; -w . 1,5 -af "wx i i ". v t Ii uiul;t h m ' - . j une muni' . . Uilf f Ik Yt..!.-;.-:'. ' ci at r"r "- t vv ill ' .'f Lcu atci t.fi'n.fjJ: JOB WORK FACC'tel with neatue.g autt Uipatcli at v.w York price. TUESDAY. APRIL 1, 1874. EVENT lind COilMENT. Henri Roehefoite and several of hi.i ftllow exiicf, lianisbttl from France to l.e Island of New Caledonia, have waped. by concealing themselves in tt vessel leaving the Inland, ".teaching Australia he telegraphed to France for money, and of course he comes to America oh the everlasting lecturing business. Kindricli Sartin, recently shot in Knoxville hy Win. Lewis, diet! on Sunday the LlMh ulto. Lewis seems to have killed him in helf defence, and t he unanimous voice of the Magistrates t-o proclaimed and he was discharged The greatest labor strike of the day lias just occurred upon the Erie It. It. The military had to te called out to 'di.xperpe the .lrikT8 before the trains could le run. Then 1300 of the dis . charged held a public meeting and de cided that none of them would work milexH ull were re-employed. JSOOmen make quite au army out of employ ment. The great financial panic reached Loudon on All-Fool's IXiy. With that and tho return of the army from the .Vidian tee war, and the marriage of the l'nnce to the Czar's daughter, and the late fall of (Gladstone, and the kuc- . of DisrawIIi, and tho arrival of Livingston's remains from Ujji, Loudon has its sensation. Tlx; Carlists are making tliinirs red- hot in Spain. Carlos evidently lias (tie ur'.vutitago of the Republicans and that advantage consists in the unity of Tiis lorces and auiicn nn. . In a Tccent suit nt Knoxville, decl M by Vpecial Chancellor, A If. Cald well, it spears that or the $300,000 un liUiduted indebtedness of the Hank f Fast Tennessee, the assetta being only $100,000, the sum of SIIO.OOO weie illegally hied and the holders thereof ittnnot share in the distribution. Of this MittilUoV. 4'rownlow hold J,00( , '"Ho gor-liys ?r-aticy Jane" ! Jos. Mayo, Tr., State Treasurer, has been arrested -for alleged embezzle ment of 5St,t K'. Ha disappeared dur ing the Coleman treal, hut returned in m date of mental aberat ion, which his friends say ha existed fof some time, and this it is thought will unhinge the -inviction of Colennn, for it was on Muyo's testimony that it was done. tiii: o. inVkstiOa- TION. Tho two Houses of the fine have ajiolntel a joint Cum n iiV.cc to investigate the Van Atila-n report, which assails flic management of tho interests wrap- i. 'Inn in the (Viwli(lition bill 1 I ,n '"""""w" mil. j A1- Mated last week the friends of . i .111.1 I flic road have thanked the mcver the resolution for the opporhr , . j nity it will nlbinl tliotn to exhibit to ; ,he world the wise and skillful use thev have made ot the means i i , , ... . ..i . j'iit.iil i nit.' kM.in: iiiiiii iiiu keeping of the (Company. The Ccm'uittee cuii.-is.ts of Messrs. Nowkn, Thomas, DutHcM, 1'rMe inore and Kirkp.itiick, on the part ; the Senate, and Messrs. ilc J ruder, Dextley, Taliaferro -Scrnirs, Yager, Alexander Jinrl '0Ncnl, on the part of the House- H K JtO.lS. AVe wish to direct the Attention of our Sullivan County authorities to the necessity for some systemal, ier effort towards the improvements of our ro:ids. The greatest draw r;Kk to the :-vss of our efforts to procure, the iiillux of ea ital and ki'.led,hilor is the condition of our roads. A number of northern men dime desired to secure locations for manufacturing enterprises in Ihis vicinity, and this difficulty seems everywhere present. A new .Eng land man is ued to good roade. Wo need a better road to Shady, to Kngle. Furnace, to Avoru Springs, nd to lllountviile Kiive ws these, and give them quickly, nncl -We will guannto? good results, aurj show j kem fjoclily. TiiK Marion Convention of t!w? merc-hanrs of Virginia, and the ad; j joining States, is attracting deserv- d attention, it will be the means of directing the attention ot the most enterprising class of eople to South West Va., and will doubU icss lead to the development of fonic of our dormant interests. "We think we recognize tho hand of liov. McMullin in the call, and its nieces will leave us under obliga tions to thn old wwltorsc for his Kigacity " getting it tip. Every daily paper in Va., has favored itf nd many of the most wealthy iukI listinguislied merchants of the Eastern cities, have pledged their presence. It teems that Judge Gillcnwa ters has been interviewed during his Blountvillo Court. lie e.xprcss rd himeclf in favor of fewer officcrsf nnd cheaper uncs and of more money, and as opposed to permit- ting the democrats to regain pow t. But then he wants the repub lican party n ndvancc backward a little with him. VOLUME IX. "Hi i i i ia nni'i i n in i i ni i Bald Moutitain still continues 'to rumble, but as it is 3me 80 miles away, it lias not shaken any one here in his purpose or person. Tiik Southern Security Compa ny, like a huge tape worm, is be ing drawn in fragments from the vitals of our southern system of im provements. The terrible cathartic administered by J. Cooke & Co. and known as the panic cf 1S73-4, ejected lirst its head, -which was gnawing away at Texas, its body trailing away through Tennessee? Virginia, Maryland, and New Jer sey, with its tail in the perilous of New York city. The broken joint in Virginia was rather a serious matter, and but for it the merctt" rials of 1873, might have failed to dislodge the encepalic sectioij in Texas. Here is the latest informa tion on the subject, and it implies cf course, a dislodgmcnt of the oth er fragments at no distant day : The Chattanooga Times learns, that on Tuesday last, the Hothern Security Company turned over the Memphis & Charleston Kail road to the Direc tors of the old Company, and that the Directors agreed to relieve the South ern Security Company from the pay ment of the SlCO.OOO due for rent of the road. The road will hereafter be managed by the old Company. What Wythevillc Says About the Cotton Factory. The "Wythevillc Enterpkise feels sorely the loss of Messrs. yrd fe Sparger, who have purchased the old King Forge site near Bristol for a Cotton Factor-. - In crder that our people may see how our action is viewed at a distance we copy the article from the ExTEiiriiisE. Our Loss is Uri.stol s Gain. We are in former! that a company of I "enterprising gentlemen in this county fHve recently determined to establish a "Cotton factory somewhere in South- wen a., convenient to the railroad. In looking fir a suitable location thev first visited Wytheville and then Ma rion, at both of which places elligibk- I wiles weie fuiiiul. lint th m ifcu usked were so cwrttious as to drive them oil. Xxt ,ht'' w"nt ' HritoI, and there tlley lmt Wit li better luck. A tract of land close to the town, containing SO acres, and having a fine water power OH its VBS msTed at the low price of I'r am- rwn the strength of this pim-lniM?, or flSttti inducement l make it, some 'M tiv6 leading citizens ' ribul a h,n(lson,esum ..mounting to about 1,JM), to he presented to the come.any to aid it in the erection of its buildings, tlni.- showing the interest j which thev feel in tiVe enterpiisi , And in adJitiou to this suhrdaut lal eiieourauenient. It H said tlat a gen tb iiiau ot means in the neighborhood voluntarily oliered to loan the compa ny a large amount of capital at the rate of ( percent t?r annum, in order to assist it in getting titoter v.y ns siieedy as possible. Our citifci'tis should learn a lesson from this. Jf We ever exiect to liave manufactories cstab lished here we must show a more liber al iiiiit towards those inclined tn make investments of that kind-. Let us imitate the example of Bristol. OUR VIRGINIA Di:iVi-. )14.000. Or Nearly a million more wanted by the ISOnri holders. A few days ago Senator Thom as, Chairman of the Finance Com mittee, presented the following ex hibit of our financial condition, which he said he had prepared from materials at his command, and vouched for its correctness. Kxpcnhcsor fiovernment $1,000,000 Interest m State debt, including arrearage to July 1674 2,242,0fS 3,242,083 RKPOl RCKS TO MEET LIABILITIES. Taxes on lands Tersonal property Deduct one-fifth, school tax 21,272,424 392,433 $1,564,M7 332.9CS $1,33173 33,140 321,03(5 Add income tax Liccu.se tax SI,6G,CM Balance to be raised by tnxatfon 11,536,031 If we pay I percent. : Expenses of GvTernnieut Taxis at 4 per cent. 1,200.000 $2,20(006 i,r,?ti,03i Deduct net revenue as above $ 31349 Cut as 6 per cent, is really wiH by coupon, ay tweniy mil lions, 1 per cent, must be ad ded 400,000 3 913,949 This amount must be raised by taxation. liatest From Bald Mountain. ; A pjiecial to the Raleigh News, from Bald Mountain, March ZSth-, ftya.- lU'turuing from Maribu Wednesday morning, I reached the pinnacle of Bald Mountain to-day, having thor oughly explored Stone Mountain yes terday The last violent shock occur red ou Tuesday evening, which I find was more severe on Htone Mountain. The jjeople are ftill much alarmed and really more uneasy than fever. Thfe precipitate flight of rarson lasey, who was the lirst minister that inaugurated the prayer meetings, .caused much consternation with the superstitious. There is as yet uo outward signs of an eruption. "Scientist and newjpaper reportcjs are pouring in the moun tains from every section, wlmarehorr ly watched and eagerly folloncd by the fr ichlcr.ed mountaineer; BRISTOL, VIRGINIA rSklBHeBIXZEKRBCEBi Written For Use Bristol ITcwb. Tlie following lines are unaccom panied by the name of the author but some of the stanzas are not with out p int. At any rate, they give a railroad man's views of railroad lite. Ed News. The Jtailroatl Men. Railron'l nien.'like other folks, PoeseBs the right to crack their jokes.: but they, like all things have their eeaeon, When figured down to stubborn reason. I " - - - - ' . -i ; . It is not vise, rn Sabbnth days, For them to walk in wicked ways ; Nor is it wise to Venture near Where others drink and curse and swear. From whiskey they should all abstain ; Treat evil company with disdain ; But go to church and try to pray, Keeping holy the sabbath day. if habits Kuch as these they'd form, They'd better feel in time of f-tonn ; And whle engaged nt daily duty See the world clad in rcbes of benirly. Some engineers or.tA;cd the gale. When downward turned upon the rail ; And next, behind, they puff and etrdn With slipping wheel and creaking train. Vet void of fenr the engineer Of dangers front the pioneer , His brnve heart lies 'tween it and they He carries o'er his iron w?-y. The fireman alert and keen Must forge the sinewy arms of steam, Which rolls the ponderous era van Between the marts of toiling man. The conductor meets the scoff and jeer Of roughs and dead beats in his sphere ; And oft without in wind and rain, Stands Hugging down the coming train. The brakesman, oblivious to blisg, Stands out ou danger's precipice; It sleet or blaze he holds his train, And lies when wrecks betstrcw the laiu. Out on the track with iron bar," The i-eetion handi) are seenifar : The treacherous slid and fallen stone, They heave and smite with mihy a gtoan, Toiling till dark from early dawn Toiling, he sings his rustic song , All day, all night, iu heat or cold. He dies while young yet looks he old. I (ell you, to follow railroad ways, A man wiil not live half his das ; i'or men of brains will sec it won't pay, To toil nil night nnd work all day. The man w' o leads a railroad life, ":m stay but little with his wife; His children stietch their hands ar.d cry, V hen on the tj';iu he thunders lb . To tiik FinTon. If you should wish the author's Cf.rd, You'l tiu 1 it en the brittol yard ; Where he h;i toiled n lengthy iuie, And claims a title to this rhyme. TIIK IJOXOAGI3 OF IUINK, V"U think I Invo il ? If II, iiorTi(iK l:ai d iiilil (jiiin iiiiiiiortHl (.tronvli this Imnr IM kw.m j. t lit- hi-lli.li traflic frm.i il, t:ti.(, Ai:il ei-nl in ljli;;hi.i-, nnd Jenii-, iugli(niar V-a, litur, wilh ail my lHtp.if, dyinij brcHth. I'll fumo tlie thing tf.Ht draan liie ijowu to death. LareUl I limlli it f Vi-f I drink ant drink, And liatc my l.idf;H villi a ! allily hut. And li! mys, If, a tin-.li;li Hit) t nvn 1 slink, Tho picdKx ? p, mi! Too late too lain '. So I'ImI.-c ! 1'vp ni d it twio.'-a ira.ii of Lrrath '. Too : Tliric'ii nu icl.-ue for me but dcatli. li.nl fiiouli t.i di ink, lint n to drink Hi to nur.i a ti.iin of (iliastly liorrors wake t in on' hour would icare me drud, 1 think. Ah, 1- ci aK-ay, yr ttnd, for I'iiy's take ! The vi-ry I onyl.t nft)in,i all.clM iny brain. My end ita.Il bu n ben thry shall couie ayain. Lovi mm ? I'd love to hold my luwl np hii?h And breathe l.od'x .iir free m:d feailea. man. And iMk with uiidliiitned eyes nti earth and kyf With Miady nervo to do "and head to nan ; l"d love io (;r.tp'le trial as they come In ni:iu!T f.ihion, brare and utron. J-ore rnm ? If only I could mine into some land Win re no drink in, (jod known how willingly I'd fight those dreadful torments of ho daiu.ied That elntrli the aonl of him who would be free. Put marshal Ui tli e grizzly chape of woo To fall again as lint oelore ? Ho, no .' Ah, if I might havs known how it would be In tbofj old college dayn so wild and gay When first 1 drank in youthful r. velry ! HV easy then to put tha enp away ! A mother's hope and Joy i wan till then ; 5t)w See me trembling ha : Those eyea sgain ! ffti:!.; flrr rye, to hell, where ye belong ? J II ilritik ye down what, blood? Drink blood? Hnlji' Help! I'hey come, a hideour, devilish throng;! t-aek, f.i y back ! Thiy'II toss ine in the flood ! Long, rrookrd bunds re clawing in my hir! Is liar) the end! Ha, ha! Too late for praver! 1'tLEO ABKWKIGItT. Fl-oiillno Galaxy for March. AXEiOTKS OF T03I 31AK 811 ALL. From lictiifiii.NCCiices of the Great Hciituckian. In 1847 Torri ?Iarshall was without opposition, elected to Congress from the Ashland district, to which the county of Woodford belonged. His career in Congress was short, but uncommonly brilliant. He spoke often from his place in the House, and occassionally other places; but the art of reporting was then imperfect, and moreover, stung by a defective report of his speeches ,' he affronted the reporters by -isit"mg upon their hsads the imperfection of the art, tehing them "not to attempt again to pi.ss upon the public their infernal gibberish for his English," so that, between tbe two, few of his speeches were picseived. Tom Marshall left Congress in a great huff witM Mr Clay, jvho, it ap pears, had taken offense at some of of Tom's speeches and votes, which did not fall within tbe party lines as drawn by the great Whig leader. Iitsabordination was an offense Mr. Clay never overlooked. To aggravate the offense, Tom repeated It when he got hoiite-, so that Mr. Clay presently found like the mm who sowed good sceJ, that ah enemy had been sowing tares among hi wheat. Less patient than he of the parable, THE WHIG EMBODIMENT determined not to let bdth grow until harvest, but to gathtr lip tires forth" with. One morning accordingly he- stepped into the office of tbe Lexing ton Osberver nnd KejwrVcr. and hartd ing a short notice, written m his own peculiar nbat hand to Mr. 1. 0. ickjiffc, tile editor, requested huh to iuscrt It in the next number of his paper. "Certainly, Mf.. Clay," re plied Mr. Wickliffe. "But you have not read it." said Mr. Clay. "Head it ; perhaps you will not approve of it." Mr. Wickliffe, with A courteous cxpress dn j then read tnc notice; which he sa ttt a glance, ns he nan already seen in the eye and port ot & TENNESSEE its author, portered mischief to the knot of young insubordinates beaded by Marshall, Though' short, it was very significant, importing that on a certain day, two or three weeks dis tant, Mr. Clay would address the people at the court-bouse in Lexing ton on the principles and measures of the Whig party, which of late had been the subject of animadversion in various quarters. Such .was the import, but the words and collation unmistakably bespoke the hand of Mr. Clay. Wickliffe till the day of his deajh could repeat the notice word for word. It duly appeared in tho Observer and Reporter, a few hours after which Toir Marsh 11 entered the office. Wick'.iffe's mid ble name was Carmichael, from which his friends nicknamed him "Mike." -Mike,' said Tom, with the tossing of the head Yftich betokened him Wry sure ot ' his scent, "who wtoto that note at the head of your colurn this morning?" "Who wrote it?" answered Wickliffe, evasively, 4 why it appears as editoml." "I know, it.' replied Tom, "But you didn't write it. Tell, me didn't Mr; Clay write that himself? "Well said Mr. Wickliffe, "to be frank with you, Mr. Marshall, he did.' 'I knew it,' exclaimed Tom, with an oath, "and he means me !' addirg with an other oath, "and I intend to answer.' Nothing more was needed to put the whole community on tiptoe of expecta tion. THE EXCITEMENT WAS G RE T, and grew until the appointed day, which saw the flowers of the papula tion of the Blue Urass region as sembled in and around the Lexington court-house to witness an intellectual combat Voutmvce between the im perious leader and his gifted but refractory yong subaltern. The pub lic interest was wrought up to a pitch almost painful. Mr. Clay began his fipcech. Tom Marshall was present, stationed upright in a remote win dow slightly back of .Mr. . Clay's position, where he thought Mr, Clay would not Fee him. But he was mistaken. The '-Great Commoner': wan in an excellent plight, and spoke in his happiest veui, with even more than his usual head of magnetic power.enchanting and fairly electrif y nZ the multitude, not excepting Mar .hall himself, who, dia vu by i nwitting sympathy with the speaker, l ad leaned forward frui his "coigne of vantage" until his tall figure stood in full view. At thb point M , Ciay, bavins come to the subject cf the clique of which Marshall was chief, closed a withering sentence by turn ing around suddenly tip n Tom. and hulfins his look, voice, and gesture in one electric mis-ile at tbe .p;ll bound, culprit, who shot back into the window as if stiuct? with a can non ball or as if discharged from the cannon's mouth. His demoralization was complete. Mr. Clay concluded amid a tumult of applause. upon which arose everywhere lottd shouts of "Marshall." But Marshall did not appear. Marshall was not to be found. II:s followers had nothing to do but retire leaving Mr. Clay un disputed possession of the fit-Id a movement which thev executed, we mav be sure, with ill-concea'.ed dis. gust at the conduct of their recreant champion. I he next morning loin Marshall, according to his custom, stalked into tbe office of the Observer awl Reporter. 'Well, Mike,' said he, "I reckon you trunk Mr. Clay made a iireat speech yesterday?' "Yes.' replied Mr. Wickliffe, "I do don't you?' 'Not as treat as he could have made said Tom, with a meaning look. "If I had spoken and rowI.?d him up as I could have done, and he had come back at me as he would have done, then vou would have heard a great speech.' " Jut why rlid nt vou speax, Mr. Marshall?4 asked Wickliffc. "Became,' cried Tom with bitter. emphasis, 'I was a coward! I have lost ThE Ol'PORT UNI1Y OF MY LIFE If I had spoken, I should have been certain to make a fine speech any. ho.Vj and, whether t got tte Dcst 01 it or not, all the Democrats from Maine to Louisiana would have sworn thdt I made mince meat of Mr Clay.' J his was a shrewd view, and it must hdre 6'cctired to Mr Marshall beforehand, but it unfortunately required more nerve to act upon it than he happened to have at the pinch. The truth is, Tom Marshall1 always felt the moral mastery of Mr; Clay, and almost always chafed under it to such a degree .that his well known estrangement from that leader of men wr, at bottom, probably owing as much to this one cause as to all other cafises united.' It was a kind of (tnbtitfe' that genius paid to character. - . , . . f ' Marshall, in rtt lerfst one po'iftt' of his Congressional ' career, however, gave sitisfaction to itf r.- Clay, for he cherished and expressed as great contempt for the administration of Tyler asMr. Clay himself felt; de claring on the floor of the Hose that when the history of the,..c'o.untrv was written, the Tyler administration might be put in parenthesis, which he dclined from Lindsey Murray" as "a clause of a sentence inclosed be tween black lines or brackets, which should be pronounced in a low tone of voice,' and might be left out &2 together without injuring the sense.' For this sally Mr. . Ciay might well (and probably did) forgive much. A certain clergyman of Brooklyn, while at a poultry show, looking at a hen; exclaimed : - t 1 "Whttt a beautiful cre&tnre !" ? Thfe lifea hearing thai; " - ' " LaJcl two -gs In bis hat, ' f S n '1 1 fins dtif f ten Reward Bfeeber! TUESDAY APRIL 7, 1JALI) MOUSTAIS. latest from the North Carolina Volcano. " ; Colonel Wooddnu, city editor of the Raleigh ATetcs, who has been spending some days in the trembliDg volcanic re gions of Bald and Stone Mountains, sums up his conclusion and those of a distinguished eeoloist in a letter to his paper as follows: VOLCANIC DISTURB NCE3 ARE A FIXED FACT. At Marion, Old Fort and Sugar ITill, all near the Catawba river, they were distinctly heard and felt; at Chimney Rock, -the fact cf the range at Broad river, the rumbling and trembling was experienced day after day by every citi zen of the village, and even as far as Rutherfordlon, still sixteen nines dis tant, the shaking of the earth was felt by a number of -persons, , We saw, heard and feltjt, as did every man in our party 1 Therefore, we deem it un necessary to give the detailed inter views of other parties to prove that these disturbances actually exist in Stone and Bald Mountains. We will now proceed to detail an INTERVIEW WITH PROP. DUPRE, which may give some light as to the Erobable cause and effect of tho distur santes . I'rofes' jr Dupre is a native born arid educated Virginian, though for several years has tilled with dis tinguished ability the chair of natural science of Wollord college, Spartans- burg, S. C. He is regarded as one of the most accomplished geologists i li the Soutn, and as a scientist, has a reputation second to ho man in this country. At the first report of the Bald mountain disturbance he set out with the senior clas of Wofford col lege to explore and analyze the new wonder. We first met his party on Stone mountain, where we asked for feii interview' the next day at Chimney Rock, which was kindly granted. Professor Dupresaid, when we asked professionally his opinion in regard to the nature of the disturbances, that from his limited observations, and the short space of time he had been on the mountains, he was unprepared to ex press his views fully, especially as the d'sturbauces were strictly volcanic iu their actions, and yet to be po, would overthrow the foundation and princi- f)Ies of geology. In the first place, t-aid ic, "Vr-h-anoes, heretofore, have al ways bordered the sea, and have only occurred near rice p waters. None has ever occurred farther than fifty miles from deep wters on the sea coast, and there is no theory that would indicate volcanic action in t he Appalachian chain, the tiearfst point of which to tho sea is two hundred and fifty miles, and at that point the water is shallow. Moveovcr there lias never been even any reported 'eruption, east of the Rocky mountains and none on the Atlantic coast. These facts have es tablished the main foundation of geo logical theory and if tlne disturban ces are volcanic (which I firmly be lieve) it creates a new epoc'i in geo logical science that will doubtless at tract the attention of scientists of the Civilized world. I have taken observa tions and thoughly explored both Stone and Bald mountains; have frit and experienced the shocks and heard the rumbling noises' on both, I have conversed v it h reliable and intelligent citizens living on, near and adjacent to both, and though I am satisfied in my mind thai, the trembling of the earth, cntending u distance of twenty six miles frdm the Broad to the Cutah'.-t rivers, and the noise Is heard at sun a greater distance, that it is ittribufaMe alone to rnftyinic. action, Iho'Uirh I priir posting myeelf .further before expressing a professional Opin ion. In reply to our question as t wheth er o'F not. I liese rumbling noises or tremblings were indicative of earth quakes, he said, '"rumbling noises are common as premonitory sj thptoiriS of both earthquakes and volcanoes, hut the explosive sounds that I nave heard to-day nnd yesterday are com mon only to and characteristic of vol canoes." Prof; Dupro nho said that "the noise made in the mountain is of the eract description of the sounds that pro ceeded from Mt. btna previous to an eruption. He adopts Prof. Agassiz's theory, thrtt the centre of the earth is a molton niass, that tidal waves of fire constantly roll through it like waves of the ocean; t hat the crust of the earth at its thinnest point is only twelve miles thick; that these waves of fire and heat niclt off portions of thiscrust at its thinnest point until finally the crust ii broken through and the fire from below pours out." Ve will Ktate that the shocks and tremblings are becoming less frequent and severe, though the inhabitants when we left to-day (Friday) werestill uneasy and undecided what to do, whether to remain or stay in the vi cinity. Tuesday evening of thi9 week was the last shock reported up to Fri day night. 1 his shock was hardly felt on Bald but quite severe ou Stone Mountain., A Lively letter Frcm General Sherman. Ccneral Sherman has recently writ ten the following letter to I he agent of a firm who had applied to him for the contract to place lightning-rods upon the fine in ision which it was rumored, he intended to build upon Orange Mountain, New Jersey : Wushiixjton, D. C. January 20, 187 J . If you find the house I am erecting on Orange Mountain, please put any quanity f lighting rods, to attract the lightning of heaven to rh;nioiih it. I don't care whether the rods be roLtrd, srjeare, or twisted .Anything io stop this nonsense. Architects, landscape gardners, builders, &c. , keep writing to me about this house, when, in fact, it is as much as I can do to make ends" meet - l:6re and fwalfy, I expect to content myself with A ln home 6i? the prairies of Kansas or Ncbraa when Congress turns me out to grass. Tell Mr. Lyou .."w ho served under me three ye-rs, - that - his, experience as a soldier . should convince him that t'ncfe fiani is ndt sa generous to old sold ers as to enable them to have fancy hotisres on Orange Mountain Of he where. I have a house here, but the cfct taxes me for it about as nVn'ch as Uncle Sam allows me fof renf;, ffft'w the story got circu'ated that f was going" to build On Orange Mountain4 passe.? rnv tmdetstaridiog, and if you can step it I regard it s a leal hotter f.an protecting; me agiirftf lfirhtning. Fours V&e., :-'" W. f. SllERMAr. 1874. Whoie How Frank Tieree Got the News of his Nomination. Sitting one night in the Tremont House with the late C'olouel Barnes, lie said tome: "That was a queer thing aUrit the nomination of Frank." "Frank who?" I said. "Why. Frank Pierce General Pierce. You pee. we intended to run Frank for the Vice Presidency. We thought the South would concede that office to the North, and we pitched upon the Uereral. lie vaa very social in his habiu, but very quiei. He spent his evenings with a set of good fellows, and thw fact is, he drank a good deal, though it was not generally known,. The morn ing of the nomination it was agreed be tween Frank and myself that he should spend the day in Mount Au burn, no one but myself knowing where his place of resort was. lie was very nervous and greatly agitated., I agreed to drive out . in tho . afternoon and tell hiiu how things looked. When the news of the General's nom ination came on, men ' rushed into the Tremont House by hundreds. They knew my intimacy with the General. But I kept my own counsel. I drove out to Mount Auburn. It was a long time before I could find Frank He was solitary and alone, leaning on the monument over tbe graves of the Web ster family. As soon as I saw him I shouted, 'By , Frank, you have got It!' 'Got what?' 'Got the nomination for the Presidency !' T'ot the Presi dency ?' 'Yes, you are nominated for the Presidency by the great Democrat ic party of the State.' pale as marble, Frank turned from me half kneeling and half standing grouping the sand stone shaft, 1 :e took a solemn vow that he would drink no intoxicating lhmors during the canvass, nor, if elected, du ring the Presidential term. That vow those who knew him best knew that he kept." ' llurleiyh's LetUr to the JJotton Journal, The Absorbing Process The Baltimore and Ohio railroad has prolonged one of her feeders through fhe State to the North : Carolina line seeking the cotton fields of the Soii'h ; lately ago she moved to extend another branch through Vir ginia to Tennessee to reach the pro duce centres of tbe Gulf States ar d the lower Mississippi Valley, and now we are informed by the New York Tribune, an unusually well ii, formed paper on railway matters, "that the "Baltimore and Ohio railroad C'om "pany will not be averse to berom "ing proprietors of the Chesapeake "and Ohio road at r. price that would "fully protect the holders of the first "mortgage loan." Little by littie here a step, there a foot hold and Virginia will be absorbed by Haiti more. The Chesapeake and Ohio road is in trouble possibly in distress yet we have assurances that with a little pa tient forbearance on the part of credi tors, tbe company wiil be enabled lo emerge from all ils difih-u.ties We invoke forbearance, and indulge in the hope that our public spiriud men who have capitol to invest will lend to the Chesapeake and Ohio Company such assistance as will bring it present relief, and thus insure to it a firm and substantial status. Otherwise, as the Tribune sen.iby concludes, ''Balti more would become the eastern ler niinus of the. roini."JHchtnond Whi. Dutlcr nml Ili.-i Ierw)n;il Ian- Kcr. On the 18ih o' next X vc:!i;er he wiil be iifty-six cars oiti He lias rev cr been scU. 1 1 is coiim it n! ion !i is b-' en like iron. He has worked lor ten veers as a few men ever work, even in ihis busiest of lands. His favorite saying has been that when he rethed at night, unless lie wasaslcep in five minutes; he thought something was the matter. He has enjoyed absolute, uninterrupted health, a.ui has revel ed in it. But there must be an end to all tilings, and e p ciaiiy to over worked men. IJu.ler has grown obesej and, infereiiliaUy. apopletic Ilis political fights begin to tell on him. Tne contests n t Worcester have helped pull him down. The Simmons fight set his nerves into a frenzy. His head was clear," but his blood was hot, and his hu-c hvi 1 at times. He wound Imr .rdf up to a fearful pitch of excitement. When th victory was won and the relapse c.ntte, the blood left his face, he became quiet, and seemed to- have weakened perceptibly. His friends on the floor said he looked fifteen years older. But with his immense interests on h:s hands, there is no release from the tread-mill no I0112 hours of relaxation. Ilis affairs are as "in exorable as those of an emperor. Some diy his life will go out hke the light of a hastily. snuffed candle. U'anltni'jton Corresrtnhnce of th Boston GUi'jz. Frum tba 5intbin Coliif alor. svi:i:t potatoes. Uest and most Successful' 31odc of Cultivating and l"rtserviijr. Much is being said in the agricultu ral papers on every -subject T except the sweet potato, which I think one of the most important crop raisei'"South, and a crop that has been shamefully neglected. I shall try in a few words to give Voil my plan of growing them, which I think will givenny of the read ers of the Cultivator succesH, if they try it. in the first place, I seler t for bedding just such pot;Uo a as suit my taste, viz : rattier large find long, and of smooth Bkln, of the pure yellow yam. To prepare the bed, I spade up stiihcient space, which should ne of rich yellow earth, and raised several inches high. I then put on a irood layer of etaldc manure, tlle'i rich earth about one iu.Vh thiclY,' then the potatoes, ab"ut J inch apart, fhtn iU h earth" again. fiuishing with , .1 heavy coating of manure. As oor. as the potato begin to sprout, tb tap-coating of. manure shouid he takeu oif, and njiore earth well pulverised put on.' In the next place, I select land of a dark color - where there is hut little or no, rc'llay. . About the&'Hh c"f March I tplough .this Jan'i To. inches deep, breaking it up broadcast. Win 11 the potato slipt are larire en ugh fdr plant ing, I .prepare my rows, by lay it g them otr 4 feet apart, and plowing from VI to 14 inches deep, and Am dire ful not to have a hh'h aed. m w custom be "ore t'le w ; r and ia now wit many planter. In .'cultivating them. the first plow ing is done with a bull-tugue, which is put in the ground hs deep as a good mule cau take it ;' thn I hoe out wHl, and keep the grass out af! the year. Thi No! 448 No. 32. . : next plowing is done, with a turning plow, put in the furrow made, by . the bull-t ingue, throwing the dirt to the potatoe, find this plowing continued till the middles are broken out, and ever afterward cultivated with sweep and hoe. i As to gathering-after the first frost, if the ground n not wet, 1 gather my crop haul the potatoes where I ex pect to bank them, and if the weather permits -I let them lay out three or lour days, in piles of about ten bushels each taking care to cover them at night, and tearing down the pi'esevery morning. This process is continued till the potatoes ccae to sweat, nnd then propel ly bunked away, where they will remain good for -0 months. Many wait till several floats have fallen. This plan, I think, is a ruinous one, as I believe all of the sap of tbe vine makes back to the potato as oon as the frost touches it; in which case, you have a watery J'orxto .to eat till they.all rot, which-they willdo.no matter how well you put them up. The low beds retain the rain, while the high, drawn-up beds become a dry as povi dt r, nnvf are never v et two inches deep by the heaviest rains. therefore plow deep, and low bed will make your potatoes. I made at the rate of oil) bi.shels i er acre last year. BOLTON. . ToIto:i's Depot, Mar. 12, 1S74. Tennessee-Finances. The realty of Tennessee is valued at $3,CW,O0O, on which a tax of $1,280 OiK) is annually raid. From SOCO.tXXJ to (500,000 is collected on privileges, so that tho total revenue derived by tht State from the sources, taking the lar gest estimates, amounts to l,7J0,0iX. The annual interest on the Stile debt, amounts $,tiiH.(i6j, w that after its paymeut, a surplm of ifiSO.OlO will be left with over a million of delinquent taxes, for the year 1S73, outstanding on tne l.-,t of January, 1S74, with which to pay the current expenses of the Sate government, atnouutirg to about $W0 000. The largest collections are made in January of every year. In January, 1372, the sum of (fobl.(X)ll was coll.cted. January, 1873, over $37O.i'-0i) and Jan uary, 1S74, $377,090. A'astrtfe nir' Tho Growth of Memphis. Nothing can be more encouraging or gratifinj thail tbe growth of the city of Memphis, It Las often bc'n sadly scourged. but it quickly rebounds from deprcss"u:i. The Ap j;ritl claims that no .city east of the Mississippi river can show greater or healthier progress. It gives figures as follows : In I SO!). po: illation 8.8-11; iu 1871, f.o.OOO; in 18")4, value of town lots, ;;.70o,000; in 1772, 25,OC0.00D. A very good exhibit, and one justly to be proud of. A Happy Home. The family .sljould be a community To make it truly sj,. there must be common interest. Alas for that household where father's business, mother's social cares, and children's sports and pleasures are net shared by each other. Then it will hot be strani'p if the expenditure is out of i proportion to the income, and if the companions and resorts f the chil dun me evii. Happy that home where the cares ;md joys s re S) divided that the former are not op pressive and l ie latter are multiplied ; where t'.e heat ts grow c oser as the ye-i.s roll by, s tint the separations which must come to eyery launly are only b-.t.Iily, and iliorefoic tcicprary. Who would have thought it? It is not so long njo stride the Hon. Hen ry S. l'oote ofleretl ilO.tWO for the sculp of an abolitionist. r'unuy euounb, however, he didn't Improve the . first good chance that olfeied, since; be and Wendell Phillips dined together the o'.her day at the retuurmi.t of a Wash ington colored trtarJ. Sashviltc Ban ner. Mine. Ihiriile is not . installed in the prison ,cf liir husband in the Isle i f .Marguerite, . ..bhe ha$ J?eeh, treated with tonti(feratioh, and the small Ipdg Ing assigned her is commodious. Put she has no permission to a;o over the island; and, being subjected to the sam refjiinc as tbe Marshal, she can only take a walk on the terrace of the building. The oldest kou of the priso ner has been with him since the arri val of the latter, while the other pop nnd the daughter came with tire moth er. :DE3srxsT:R,Y. (Graduate of Daliimore College of Dental Surgery ) OFFERS. his prnfciniontl serriees-to th Citizens of Urietoi nl vicinity. OFFICE opposite the New York HiCip Ftore, DritM. ?lrsi Street, Drii!ol, Dc. ..tf.. 3?r islet eBusiness 'Carifo JI. A.mCKLEY, MAXUFACTUlEIi' Of all ICitids of jriitilUurc AND" ' UXDERTAKEK. March 8, '72. tf. . VERSITY- OF 1 VIltGIVIA . LAW DEPARTBIEHT. J.B Minor, I L. 1., Prof Com. anil fetal. ' aw ; . O. Hoathall. LI., 1., Pro!. qaity tutd Lw MareS. nt, liiterma'l Ijiw, He. ecairn baln Oct. I, lili, and eootloaoa in months. Iwtruci a ay trxt-booka and leeiuxaa eoiubind, llla-ikr. led by Monl-C'oart axafrUt.. For aiJ..f - l (t. O. luir.mUT olVa.lto . WUTaJiclillK. 8ec'y ftt'j. m - - Ai(mat 19 ri'2ii!.a iv . . . - , t . ! vAN.MjUXCi:.lfXT.' rr t;!r.rr(, Lfslartr.S WV.uary?T?- ; ccH.racli , . 1" "f.." To-at. r.n.T Tomrslitp olfi- j ' . f Tic aloCc rn.-i wV. V- rixiti - altered t.' ' - -or- - Itcfcsriojifl 'Ctr:?rr . -r- 5" u. i- Yor.ic, :'' ATTORNEY AT LAW : (JOODIOX-tlRtSli)., V. A Tt-tVit. 1 KACTICK ivgular'iy in in ti tht Courts in Wuihiiigh.n - unly, Vsi.J and in Washington and SuIMvtu' conn- ' ts. TtiiM. .ind nth nd loth 'eel', n of all claims in SvMthVt-l t. :.. Teuuesscv. ... , - .-. ','- " ()lnrr,oa Ci;ia-uluni; i-iiw! Hood son. Va. . .x 1 '70-1 SI. !.. LMacWJ.jf. (1. I ! l..tii A 1 1 or i i c y s-a f -1 . :v L. I)- Solicitors in Chancery, . ri;ITGr., V,. rt.N.V. Will practice h irt'?r, Waislii 111 itu- rem n ; ni l M4 iircr, v HMiiuut; n .imi r.n rii ruunin i-. Tennei-soP, ant' VVaaliiiijct-'ii, Virsinin. Also, in tlif DitrtiivM mit ! t L I nitej State fur the tH;tl -tti n J-i-t . nf V. t Abiiiion. 2Urvl iMf A.ttonov' nl. Law;. KRISTC'U TK.N.V. . i . rRACTlt'Kf ia t!:C scTor.-.l l,Ct i- ,.f til (Mmtiiii'linj roniififK. li- m -t btu-n'...", givrtt i i.he cnllrrtion f.f rliiiirt. " ; Oflicr, hiiu Street, in I r. I t Mr' hriij Attorney fit fnwi Wn.i. prwoiicc in tlie I liupf v itl .1 iryT.i "'ottrt.- of VTititliint'iii, St- tj i-pvtrf mi J IhiKxrll. Albointlie Cotitf !" .ipp-u?i aud U. S. histritt t'ourt. Speei.-d ntlciition pi. to ruiu in ruptcr. Ufiice Mai a Sinot, Auii.. !'nntf ... Vf !. r.isrra. M biiix-liiu. ji. i.. r.t. I - Itri.-tnl, .1. . Baxter & Blackley, Vtloriicj at-l aw mid SofirKoir itl VH:ntktj', Will prnctii- In all II. '.nri ( 1TMk;ui4i enmity, Vo.. tin! Court !' 4p-iil il Wyiljtl)l. anJ tlin t'nitoil St.itm l'iu.i I anj I i tu'.L twciuri t at A liiiytmi. ) :s, ii;.i tr. K. A. AYEim. An)it.i;v AT LAW PltAfTICKSiii the ( '..nrts of th? n.ljoi--n t'otintit-rt nii'l in tii Sny rifr Courts of the !Ht -.tc, rronijt nttrti'.iiiti jiven i collectinnMin Sotitliwert V:., and Eat Tfti. . July 30. 1H72. l.v. D. K. Rui.-r. , , .V l. Mi ( jtmK k t Bailey & McCioakey; 5 tf "T Ti J ' I ti MY.fr ilU.i nSi a tin Ww-.at kw I w uur.sTOL. ti:n:-.; va. A tier:. .nil the. Cinr!5 'K ShlTlTan 'r. Wacbijiij.im- .itiii H. Ti mi., . WjtrliingUn on I Scott, Vn.: nnd Fish r:d 1'i.iii-f nt Knoa ville nd ALinih.n. Au, 12 -It . ATTORNEY AT LAW. ATiisr.box; VA. PRACTIlT.3 In all the fV.nrft .f tVa,T. , ing;ton ul Ii.u."I X"ui.li4;. Circuit t'tmrts of Scott and Leo, nnd in t eilcrl court at Abing'loit. . fo 'i6-tf. r. V..fVaJr!cV. C.L. r.-rk. A, I'ulkrt.'.n Mmilf Ycfi h fi'fesi. Aitoi'hoys at faAV.4 -BRISTOL, TVyXlXSEti. I J it '. jirflctue hi nil the Courts "or Hid-' I ' liv:in and Wtwhiot-ni t'innt'pi, iu the Fuprrme Ccjurt of he .tit, ivl tbite .vt t'' Court at Knoivillf. AU rlwins col lected. Jidjr il;3tf. Attorney at Liw. AND GENERAL COLM iTlNC AGENT r--,.- ftj s . ' Will be in rr cular nth ;nf uir-o on th courtnof Tazewell, the circuit - emirs of Wa-.l.iiirtoii aixl Kiiffll counties, and .Federal rourt at Abingdon. Sje ial nttcntioir-iriveii ! tin- claim f creditor .nc'"Ht bankrupt )r Ffdcrui court ot Abinjdoii. H. M. GRANT, H: D., M.D. S.- JDS2ri?IBT"Y".'; . , Can Le fju'n'd at hid OfSce every S;it urrl.iy. "v- OftT'-e on "SUlii Street, opposite Tipper'ti ifrug .to; . JIarch 31, 1S74. tf. V.F FOWLER d7d. 011KK.NVII.LK, TKNK ' J .. Stv . r i't'at r rdl Kits f Tkkth nci-i nlin--f.i fi r iiiit '? t,ro-. fl incthixl, arid here j is tii-n r.-mnot biH)i:ic, will call nil I tir ;'w ro;or , Filling nd Extracting .1 mi ami all i Via au'ecd. No ork aolicitcd except i. p Ciiih. : Fvftlt.U DH. DUNXT, litititlftit Jientil -1 - ilUtlSTOL, TBX.V,,-; OFFirn orer Ki.vm At txiiii T Sf. tef .3m9 'Ii t.'. ';...!. t.