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Bristol news. [volume] (Bristol, Va. & Tenn.) 1867-189?, April 07, 1874, Image 1

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Bristol Hews
rini.i.HiirD ix coonsox.
The Virginia portloa f the Towa.
BY
I. C FOWLER.
Xt n?ne l eery TuekUy at fVMO per an
a s. it 14 fur.iisiie 1 to clu)3 of ten at Sl.f'O
per oopv.
The nlitnr of the N -: is not refpotm
for nrJM'iss exprceted lj orret-pend-
ADVERTISING ft
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JOB WORK
FACC'tel with neatue.g autt Uipatcli at
v.w York price.
TUESDAY. APRIL 1, 1874.
EVENT lind COilMENT.
Henri Roehefoite and several of hi.i
ftllow exiicf, lianisbttl from France to
l.e Island of New Caledonia, have
waped. by concealing themselves in
tt vessel leaving the Inland, ".teaching
Australia he telegraphed to France for
money, and of course he comes to
America oh the everlasting lecturing
business.
Kindricli Sartin, recently shot in
Knoxville hy Win. Lewis, diet! on
Sunday the LlMh ulto. Lewis seems to
have killed him in helf defence, and
t he unanimous voice of the Magistrates
t-o proclaimed and he was discharged
The greatest labor strike of the day
lias just occurred upon the Erie It. It.
The military had to te called out to
'di.xperpe the .lrikT8 before the trains
could le run. Then 1300 of the dis
. charged held a public meeting and de
cided that none of them would work
milexH ull were re-employed. JSOOmen
make quite au army out of employ
ment. The great financial panic reached
Loudon on All-Fool's IXiy. With
that and tho return of the army from
the .Vidian tee war, and the marriage of
the l'nnce to the Czar's daughter, and
the late fall of (Gladstone, and the kuc-
. of DisrawIIi, and tho arrival of
Livingston's remains from Ujji,
Loudon has its sensation.
Tlx; Carlists are making tliinirs red-
hot in Spain. Carlos evidently lias
(tie ur'.vutitago of the Republicans and
that advantage consists in the unity of
Tiis lorces and auiicn nn.
. In a Tccent suit nt Knoxville, decl
M by Vpecial Chancellor, A If. Cald
well, it spears that or the $300,000 un
liUiduted indebtedness of the Hank
f Fast Tennessee, the assetta being
only $100,000, the sum of SIIO.OOO weie
illegally hied and the holders thereof
ittnnot share in the distribution. Of
this MittilUoV. 4'rownlow hold J,00( ,
'"Ho gor-liys ?r-aticy Jane" !
Jos. Mayo, Tr., State Treasurer, has
been arrested -for alleged embezzle
ment of 5St,t K'. Ha disappeared dur
ing the Coleman treal, hut returned in
m date of mental aberat ion, which his
friends say ha existed fof some time,
and this it is thought will unhinge the
-inviction of Colennn, for it was on
Muyo's testimony that it was done.
tiii:
o. inVkstiOa-
TION.
Tho two Houses of the
fine have ajiolntel a joint Cum
n iiV.cc to investigate the Van
Atila-n report, which assails flic
management of tho interests wrap-
i. 'Inn in the (Viwli(lition bill
1 I ,n '"""""w" mil. j
A1- Mated last week the friends of
. i .111.1 I
flic road have thanked the mcver
the resolution for the opporhr ,
. j
nity it will nlbinl tliotn to exhibit to ;
,he world the wise and skillful use
thev have made ot the means i
i , , ... . ..i .
j'iit.iil i nit.' kM.in: iiiiiii iiiu
keeping of the (Company. The
Ccm'uittee cuii.-is.ts of Messrs.
Nowkn, Thomas, DutHcM, 1'rMe
inore and Kirkp.itiick, on the part
; the Senate, and Messrs. ilc
J ruder, Dextley, Taliaferro
-Scrnirs, Yager, Alexander Jinrl
'0Ncnl, on the part of the House-
H K JtO.lS.
AVe wish to direct the Attention
of our Sullivan County authorities
to the necessity for some systemal,
ier effort towards the improvements
of our ro:ids. The greatest draw
r;Kk to the :-vss of our efforts to
procure, the iiillux of ea ital and
ki'.led,hilor is the condition of our
roads. A number of northern men
dime desired to secure locations for
manufacturing enterprises in Ihis
vicinity, and this difficulty seems
everywhere present. A new .Eng
land man is ued to good roade.
Wo need a better road to Shady, to
Kngle. Furnace, to Avoru Springs,
nd to lllountviile Kiive ws these,
and give them quickly, nncl -We will
guannto? good results, aurj show j
kem fjoclily.
TiiK Marion Convention of t!w?
merc-hanrs of Virginia, and the ad; j
joining States, is attracting deserv-
d attention, it will be the means
of directing the attention ot the
most enterprising class of eople
to South West Va., and will doubU
icss lead to the development of
fonic of our dormant interests.
"We think we recognize tho hand of
liov. McMullin in the call, and its
nieces will leave us under obliga
tions to thn old wwltorsc for his
Kigacity " getting it tip. Every
daily paper in Va., has favored itf
nd many of the most wealthy iukI
listinguislied merchants of the
Eastern cities, have pledged their
presence.
It teems that Judge Gillcnwa
ters has been interviewed during
his Blountvillo Court. lie e.xprcss
rd himeclf in favor of fewer officcrsf
nnd cheaper uncs and of more
money, and as opposed to permit-
ting the democrats to regain pow
t. But then he wants the repub
lican party n ndvancc backward a
little with him.
VOLUME IX.
"Hi i i i ia nni'i i n in i i ni i
Bald Moutitain still continues 'to
rumble, but as it is 3me 80 miles
away, it lias not shaken any one
here in his purpose or person.
Tiik Southern Security Compa
ny, like a huge tape worm, is be
ing drawn in fragments from the
vitals of our southern system of im
provements. The terrible cathartic
administered by J. Cooke & Co.
and known as the panic cf 1S73-4,
ejected lirst its head, -which was
gnawing away at Texas, its body
trailing away through Tennessee?
Virginia, Maryland, and New Jer
sey, with its tail in the perilous of
New York city. The broken joint
in Virginia was rather a serious
matter, and but for it the merctt"
rials of 1873, might have failed to
dislodge the encepalic sectioij in
Texas. Here is the latest informa
tion on the subject, and it implies
cf course, a dislodgmcnt of the oth
er fragments at no distant day :
The Chattanooga Times learns, that
on Tuesday last, the Hothern Security
Company turned over the Memphis
& Charleston Kail road to the Direc
tors of the old Company, and that the
Directors agreed to relieve the South
ern Security Company from the pay
ment of the SlCO.OOO due for rent of the
road. The road will hereafter be
managed by the old Company.
What Wythevillc Says About the
Cotton Factory.
The "Wythevillc Enterpkise feels
sorely the loss of Messrs. yrd fe
Sparger, who have purchased the
old King Forge site near Bristol for
a Cotton Factor-. - In crder that
our people may see how our action
is viewed at a distance we copy the
article from the ExTEiiriiisE.
Our Loss is Uri.stol s Gain.
We are in former! that a company of
I "enterprising gentlemen in this county
fHve recently determined to establish
a "Cotton factory somewhere in South-
wen a., convenient to the railroad.
In looking fir a suitable location thev
first visited Wytheville and then Ma
rion, at both of which places elligibk-
I wiles weie fuiiiul. lint th m ifcu usked
were so cwrttious as to drive them oil.
Xxt ,ht'' w"nt ' HritoI, and there
tlley lmt Wit li better luck. A tract of
land close to the town, containing SO
acres, and having a fine water power
OH its VBS msTed at the low price
of I'r am- rwn the strength of
this pim-lniM?, or flSttti inducement l
make it, some 'M tiv6 leading citizens
' ribul a h,n(lson,esum ..mounting
to about 1,JM), to he presented to the
come.any to aid it in the erection of its
buildings, tlni.- showing the interest
j which thev feel in tiVe enterpiisi
, And in adJitiou to this suhrdaut lal
eiieourauenient. It H said tlat a gen
tb iiiau ot means in the neighborhood
voluntarily oliered to loan the compa
ny a large amount of capital at the
rate of ( percent t?r annum, in order
to assist it in getting titoter v.y ns
siieedy as possible. Our citifci'tis should
learn a lesson from this. Jf We ever
exiect to liave manufactories cstab
lished here we must show a more liber
al iiiiit towards those inclined tn
make investments of that kind-. Let
us imitate the example of Bristol.
OUR VIRGINIA Di:iVi-.
)14.000. Or Nearly a million
more wanted by the ISOnri
holders.
A few days ago Senator Thom
as, Chairman of the Finance Com
mittee, presented the following ex
hibit of our financial condition,
which he said he had prepared from
materials at his command, and
vouched for its correctness.
Kxpcnhcsor fiovernment $1,000,000
Interest m State debt, including
arrearage to July 1674 2,242,0fS
3,242,083
RKPOl RCKS TO MEET LIABILITIES.
Taxes on lands
Tersonal property
Deduct one-fifth, school tax
21,272,424
392,433
$1,564,M7
332.9CS
$1,33173
33,140
321,03(5
Add income tax
Liccu.se tax
SI,6G,CM
Balance to be raised by tnxatfon 11,536,031
If we pay I percent. :
Expenses of GvTernnieut
Taxis at 4 per cent.
1,200.000
$2,20(006
i,r,?ti,03i
Deduct net revenue as above
$ 31349
Cut as 6 per cent, is really wiH
by coupon, ay tweniy mil
lions, 1 per cent, must be ad
ded 400,000
3 913,949
This amount must be raised by taxation.
liatest From Bald Mountain. ;
A pjiecial to the Raleigh News, from
Bald Mountain, March ZSth-, ftya.-
lU'turuing from Maribu Wednesday
morning, I reached the pinnacle of
Bald Mountain to-day, having thor
oughly explored Stone Mountain yes
terday The last violent shock occur
red ou Tuesday evening, which I find
was more severe on Htone Mountain.
The jjeople are ftill much alarmed and
really more uneasy than fever. Thfe
precipitate flight of rarson lasey, who
was the lirst minister that inaugurated
the prayer meetings, .caused much
consternation with the superstitious.
There is as yet uo outward signs of an
eruption. "Scientist and newjpaper
reportcjs are pouring in the moun
tains from every section, wlmarehorr
ly watched and eagerly folloncd by
the fr ichlcr.ed mountaineer;
BRISTOL, VIRGINIA
rSklBHeBIXZEKRBCEBi
Written For Use Bristol ITcwb.
Tlie following lines are unaccom
panied by the name of the author
but some of the stanzas are not with
out p int. At any rate, they give a
railroad man's views of railroad lite.
Ed News.
The Jtailroatl Men.
Railron'l nien.'like other folks,
PoeseBs the right to crack their jokes.:
but they, like all things have their eeaeon,
When figured down to stubborn reason.
I " - - - - ' . -i ; .
It is not vise, rn Sabbnth days,
For them to walk in wicked ways ;
Nor is it wise to Venture near
Where others drink and curse and swear.
From whiskey they should all abstain ;
Treat evil company with disdain ;
But go to church and try to pray,
Keeping holy the sabbath day.
if habits Kuch as these they'd form,
They'd better feel in time of f-tonn ;
And whle engaged nt daily duty
See the world clad in rcbes of benirly.
Some engineers or.tA;cd the gale.
When downward turned upon the rail ;
And next, behind, they puff and etrdn
With slipping wheel and creaking train.
Vet void of fenr the engineer
Of dangers front the pioneer ,
His brnve heart lies 'tween it and they
He carries o'er his iron w?-y.
The fireman alert and keen
Must forge the sinewy arms of steam,
Which rolls the ponderous era van
Between the marts of toiling man.
The conductor meets the scoff and jeer
Of roughs and dead beats in his sphere ;
And oft without in wind and rain,
Stands Hugging down the coming train.
The brakesman, oblivious to blisg,
Stands out ou danger's precipice;
It sleet or blaze he holds his train,
And lies when wrecks betstrcw the laiu.
Out on the track with iron bar,"
The i-eetion handi) are seenifar :
The treacherous slid and fallen stone,
They heave and smite with mihy a gtoan,
Toiling till dark from early dawn
Toiling, he sings his rustic song ,
All day, all night, iu heat or cold.
He dies while young yet looks he old.
I (ell you, to follow railroad ways,
A man wiil not live half his das ;
i'or men of brains will sec it won't pay,
To toil nil night nnd work all day.
The man w' o leads a railroad life,
":m stay but little with his wife;
His children stietch their hands ar.d cry,
V hen on the tj';iu he thunders lb .
To tiik FinTon.
If you should wish the author's Cf.rd,
You'l tiu 1 it en the brittol yard ;
Where he h;i toiled n lengthy iuie,
And claims a title to this rhyme.
TIIK IJOXOAGI3 OF IUINK,
V"U think I Invo il ? If II, iiorTi(iK l:ai d
iiilil (jiiin iiiiiiiortHl (.tronvli this Imnr
IM kw.m j. t lit- hi-lli.li traflic frm.i il, t:ti.(,
Ai:il ei-nl in ljli;;hi.i-, nnd Jenii-, iugli(niar
V-a, litur, wilh ail my lHtp.if, dyinij brcHth.
I'll fumo tlie thing tf.Ht draan liie ijowu to death.
LareUl I limlli it f Vi-f I drink ant drink,
And liatc my l.idf;H villi a ! allily hut.
And li! mys, If, a tin-.li;li Hit) t nvn 1 slink,
Tho picdKx ? p, mi! Too late too lain '.
So I'ImI.-c ! 1'vp ni d it twio.'-a ira.ii of Lrrath '.
Too : Tliric'ii nu icl.-ue for me but dcatli.
li.nl fiiouli t.i di ink, lint n to drink
Hi to nur.i a ti.iin of (iliastly liorrors wake
t in on' hour would icare me drud, 1 think.
Ah, 1- ci aK-ay, yr ttnd, for I'iiy's take !
The vi-ry I onyl.t nft)in,i all.clM iny brain.
My end ita.Il bu n ben thry shall couie ayain.
Lovi mm ? I'd love to hold my luwl np hii?h
And breathe l.od'x .iir free m:d feailea. man.
And iMk with uiidliiitned eyes nti earth and kyf
With Miady nervo to do "and head to nan ;
l"d love io (;r.tp'le trial as they come
In ni:iu!T f.ihion, brare and utron. J-ore rnm ?
If only I could mine into some land
Win re no drink in, (jod known how willingly
I'd fight those dreadful torments of ho daiu.ied
That elntrli the aonl of him who would be free.
Put marshal Ui tli e grizzly chape of woo
To fall again as lint oelore ? Ho, no .'
Ah, if I might havs known how it would be
In tbofj old college dayn so wild and gay
When first 1 drank in youthful r. velry !
HV easy then to put tha enp away !
A mother's hope and Joy i wan till then ;
5t)w See me trembling ha : Those eyea sgain !
ffti:!.; flrr rye, to hell, where ye belong ?
J II ilritik ye down what, blood? Drink blood?
Hnlji' Help! I'hey come, a hideour, devilish throng;!
t-aek, f.i y back ! Thiy'II toss ine in the flood !
Long, rrookrd bunds re clawing in my hir!
Is liar) the end! Ha, ha! Too late for praver!
1'tLEO ABKWKIGItT.
Fl-oiillno Galaxy for March.
AXEiOTKS OF T03I 31AK
811 ALL.
From lictiifiii.NCCiices of the Great
Hciituckian.
In 1847 Torri ?Iarshall was without
opposition, elected to Congress from
the Ashland district, to which the
county of Woodford belonged. His
career in Congress was short, but
uncommonly brilliant. He spoke
often from his place in the House, and
occassionally other places; but the
art of reporting was then imperfect,
and moreover, stung by a defective
report of his speeches ,' he affronted
the reporters by -isit"mg upon their
hsads the imperfection of the art,
tehing them "not to attempt again
to pi.ss upon the public their infernal
gibberish for his English," so that,
between tbe two, few of his speeches
were picseived.
Tom Marshall left Congress in a
great huff witM Mr Clay, jvho, it ap
pears, had taken offense at some of
of Tom's speeches and votes, which
did not fall within tbe party lines as
drawn by the great Whig leader.
Iitsabordination was an offense Mr.
Clay never overlooked. To aggravate
the offense, Tom repeated It when he
got hoiite-, so that Mr. Clay presently
found like the mm who sowed good
sceJ, that ah enemy had been sowing
tares among hi wheat. Less patient
than he of the parable,
THE WHIG EMBODIMENT
determined not to let bdth grow until
harvest, but to gathtr lip tires forth"
with. One morning accordingly he-
stepped into the office of tbe Lexing
ton Osberver nnd KejwrVcr. and hartd
ing a short notice, written m his own
peculiar nbat hand to Mr. 1. 0.
ickjiffc, tile editor, requested huh
to iuscrt It in the next number of his
paper. "Certainly, Mf.. Clay," re
plied Mr. Wickliffe. "But you have
not read it." said Mr. Clay. "Head
it ; perhaps you will not approve of
it." Mr. Wickliffe, with A courteous
cxpress dn j then read tnc notice;
which he sa ttt a glance, ns he nan
already seen in the eye and port ot
& TENNESSEE
its author, portered mischief to the
knot of young insubordinates beaded
by Marshall, Though' short, it was
very significant, importing that on a
certain day, two or three weeks dis
tant, Mr. Clay would address the
people at the court-bouse in Lexing
ton on the principles and measures of
the Whig party, which of late had
been the subject of animadversion
in various quarters. Such .was the
import, but the words and collation
unmistakably bespoke the hand of
Mr. Clay. Wickliffe till the day of
his deajh could repeat the notice
word for word. It duly appeared in
tho Observer and Reporter, a few
hours after which Toir Marsh 11
entered the office. Wick'.iffe's mid
ble name was Carmichael, from
which his friends nicknamed him
"Mike." -Mike,' said Tom, with the
tossing of the head Yftich betokened
him Wry sure ot ' his scent, "who
wtoto that note at the head of your
colurn this morning?" "Who wrote
it?" answered Wickliffe, evasively,
4 why it appears as editoml." "I
know, it.' replied Tom, "But you
didn't write it. Tell, me didn't Mr;
Clay write that himself? "Well
said Mr. Wickliffe, "to be frank with
you, Mr. Marshall, he did.' 'I knew
it,' exclaimed Tom, with an oath,
"and he means me !' addirg with an
other oath, "and I intend to answer.'
Nothing more was needed to put the
whole community on tiptoe of expecta
tion. THE EXCITEMENT WAS G RE T,
and grew until the appointed day,
which saw the flowers of the papula
tion of the Blue Urass region as
sembled in and around the Lexington
court-house to witness an intellectual
combat Voutmvce between the im
perious leader and his gifted but
refractory yong subaltern. The pub
lic interest was wrought up to a pitch
almost painful. Mr. Clay began his
fipcech. Tom Marshall was present,
stationed upright in a remote win
dow slightly back of .Mr. . Clay's
position, where he thought Mr, Clay
would not Fee him. But he was
mistaken. The '-Great Commoner':
wan in an excellent plight, and spoke
in his happiest veui, with even more
than his usual head of magnetic
power.enchanting and fairly electrif y
nZ the multitude, not excepting
Mar .hall himself, who, dia vu by
i nwitting sympathy with the speaker,
l ad leaned forward frui his "coigne
of vantage" until his tall figure stood
in full view. At thb point M , Ciay,
bavins come to the subject cf the
clique of which Marshall was chief,
closed a withering sentence by turn
ing around suddenly tip n Tom. and
hulfins his look, voice, and gesture
in one electric mis-ile at tbe .p;ll
bound, culprit, who shot back into
the window as if stiuct? with a can
non ball or as if discharged from the
cannon's mouth. His demoralization
was complete. Mr. Clay concluded
amid a tumult of applause. upon
which arose everywhere lottd shouts
of "Marshall." But Marshall did not
appear. Marshall was not to be
found. II:s followers had nothing to
do but retire leaving Mr. Clay un
disputed possession of the fit-Id a
movement which thev executed, we
mav be sure, with ill-concea'.ed dis.
gust at the conduct of their recreant
champion. I he next morning loin
Marshall, according to his custom,
stalked into tbe office of the Observer
awl Reporter.
'Well, Mike,' said he, "I reckon
you trunk Mr. Clay made a iireat
speech yesterday?'
"Yes.' replied Mr. Wickliffe, "I
do don't you?'
'Not as treat as he could have
made said Tom, with a meaning
look. "If I had spoken and rowI.?d
him up as I could have done, and he
had come back at me as he would
have done, then vou would have
heard a great speech.'
" Jut why rlid nt vou speax, Mr.
Marshall?4 asked Wickliffc.
"Became,' cried Tom with bitter.
emphasis, 'I was a coward! I have
lost
ThE Ol'PORT UNI1Y OF MY LIFE
If I had spoken, I should have been
certain to make a fine speech any.
ho.Vj and, whether t got tte Dcst 01
it or not, all the Democrats from
Maine to Louisiana would have sworn
thdt I made mince meat of Mr
Clay.'
J his was a shrewd view, and it
must hdre 6'cctired to Mr Marshall
beforehand, but it unfortunately
required more nerve to act upon it
than he happened to have at the
pinch. The truth is, Tom Marshall1
always felt the moral mastery of Mr;
Clay, and almost always chafed under
it to such a degree .that his well
known estrangement from that leader
of men wr, at bottom, probably
owing as much to this one cause as to
all other cafises united.' It was a
kind of (tnbtitfe' that genius paid to
character. - . , . . f '
Marshall, in rtt lerfst one po'iftt' of
his Congressional ' career, however,
gave sitisfaction to itf r.- Clay, for he
cherished and expressed as great
contempt for the administration of
Tyler asMr. Clay himself felt; de
claring on the floor of the Hose
that when the history of the,..c'o.untrv
was written, the Tyler administration
might be put in parenthesis, which
he dclined from Lindsey Murray" as
"a clause of a sentence inclosed be
tween black lines or brackets, which
should be pronounced in a low tone
of voice,' and might be left out &2
together without injuring the sense.'
For this sally Mr. . Ciay might well
(and probably did) forgive much.
A certain clergyman of Brooklyn,
while at a poultry show, looking at a
hen; exclaimed : - t
1 "Whttt a beautiful cre&tnre !" ?
Thfe lifea hearing thai; " - ' "
LaJcl two -gs In bis hat, ' f
S n '1 1 fins dtif f ten Reward Bfeeber!
TUESDAY APRIL 7,
1JALI) MOUSTAIS.
latest from the North Carolina
Volcano. " ;
Colonel Wooddnu, city editor of the
Raleigh ATetcs, who has been spending
some days in the trembliDg volcanic re
gions of Bald and Stone Mountains,
sums up his conclusion and those of a
distinguished eeoloist in a letter to
his paper as follows:
VOLCANIC DISTURB NCE3
ARE A FIXED FACT.
At Marion, Old Fort and Sugar ITill,
all near the Catawba river, they were
distinctly heard and felt; at Chimney
Rock, -the fact cf the range at Broad
river, the rumbling and trembling was
experienced day after day by every citi
zen of the village, and even as far as
Rutherfordlon, still sixteen nines dis
tant, the shaking of the earth was felt
by a number of -persons, , We saw,
heard and feltjt, as did every man in
our party 1 Therefore, we deem it un
necessary to give the detailed inter
views of other parties to prove that
these disturbances actually exist in
Stone and Bald Mountains.
We will now proceed to detail an
INTERVIEW WITH PROP. DUPRE,
which may give some light as to the
Erobable cause and effect of tho distur
santes . I'rofes' jr Dupre is a native
born arid educated Virginian, though
for several years has tilled with dis
tinguished ability the chair of natural
science of Wollord college, Spartans-
burg, S. C. He is regarded as one of
the most accomplished geologists i li
the Soutn, and as a scientist, has a
reputation second to ho man in this
country. At the first report of the
Bald mountain disturbance he set out
with the senior clas of Wofford col
lege to explore and analyze the new
wonder. We first met his party on
Stone mountain, where we asked for
feii interview' the next day at Chimney
Rock, which was kindly granted.
Professor Dupresaid, when we asked
professionally his opinion in regard to
the nature of the disturbances, that
from his limited observations, and the
short space of time he had been on the
mountains, he was unprepared to ex
press his views fully, especially as the
d'sturbauces were strictly volcanic iu
their actions, and yet to be po, would
overthrow the foundation and princi-
f)Ies of geology. In the first place, t-aid
ic, "Vr-h-anoes, heretofore, have al
ways bordered the sea, and have only
occurred near rice p waters. None has
ever occurred farther than fifty miles
from deep wters on the sea coast, and
there is no theory that would indicate
volcanic action in t he Appalachian
chain, the tiearfst point of which to
tho sea is two hundred and fifty miles,
and at that point the water is shallow.
Moveovcr there lias never been even
any reported 'eruption, east of the
Rocky mountains and none on the
Atlantic coast. These facts have es
tablished the main foundation of geo
logical theory and if tlne disturban
ces are volcanic (which I firmly be
lieve) it creates a new epoc'i in geo
logical science that will doubtless at
tract the attention of scientists of the
Civilized world. I have taken observa
tions and thoughly explored both
Stone and Bald mountains; have frit
and experienced the shocks and heard
the rumbling noises' on both, I have
conversed v it h reliable and intelligent
citizens living on, near and adjacent
to both, and though I am satisfied in
my mind thai, the trembling of the
earth, cntending u distance of twenty
six miles frdm the Broad to the
Cutah'.-t rivers, and the noise Is heard
at sun a greater distance, that it is
ittribufaMe alone to rnftyinic. action,
Iho'Uirh I priir posting myeelf .further
before expressing a professional Opin
ion. In reply to our question as t wheth
er o'F not. I liese rumbling noises or
tremblings were indicative of earth
quakes, he said, '"rumbling noises are
common as premonitory sj thptoiriS of
both earthquakes and volcanoes, hut
the explosive sounds that I nave
heard to-day nnd yesterday are com
mon only to and characteristic of vol
canoes."
Prof; Dupro nho said that "the noise
made in the mountain is of the eract
description of the sounds that pro
ceeded from Mt. btna previous to an
eruption. He adopts Prof. Agassiz's
theory, thrtt the centre of the earth is
a molton niass, that tidal waves of fire
constantly roll through it like waves
of the ocean; t hat the crust of the earth
at its thinnest point is only twelve
miles thick; that these waves of fire
and heat niclt off portions of thiscrust
at its thinnest point until finally the
crust ii broken through and the fire
from below pours out."
Ve will Ktate that the shocks and
tremblings are becoming less frequent
and severe, though the inhabitants
when we left to-day (Friday) werestill
uneasy and undecided what to do,
whether to remain or stay in the vi
cinity. Tuesday evening of thi9 week
was the last shock reported up to Fri
day night. 1 his shock was hardly
felt on Bald but quite severe ou Stone
Mountain.,
A Lively letter Frcm General
Sherman.
Ccneral Sherman has recently writ
ten the following letter to I he agent
of a firm who had applied to him for
the contract to place lightning-rods
upon the fine in ision which it was
rumored, he intended to build upon
Orange Mountain, New Jersey :
Wushiixjton, D. C.
January 20, 187 J .
If you find the house I am erecting
on Orange Mountain, please put any
quanity f lighting rods, to attract
the lightning of heaven to rh;nioiih
it. I don't care whether the rods be
roLtrd, srjeare, or twisted .Anything
io stop this nonsense. Architects,
landscape gardners, builders, &c. ,
keep writing to me about this house,
when, in fact, it is as much as I can
do to make ends" meet - l:6re and
fwalfy, I expect to content myself
with A ln home 6i? the prairies of
Kansas or Ncbraa when Congress
turns me out to grass. Tell Mr.
Lyou .."w ho served under me three
ye-rs, - that - his, experience as a
soldier . should convince him that
t'ncfe fiani is ndt sa generous to old
sold ers as to enable them to have
fancy hotisres on Orange Mountain Of
he where. I have a house here,
but the cfct taxes me for it about as
nVn'ch as Uncle Sam allows me fof
renf;, ffft'w the story got circu'ated
that f was going" to build On Orange
Mountain4 passe.? rnv tmdetstaridiog,
and if you can step it I regard it s
a leal hotter f.an protecting; me
agiirftf lfirhtning. Fours V&e.,
:-'" W. f. SllERMAr.
1874.
Whoie
How Frank Tieree Got the
News of his Nomination.
Sitting one night in the Tremont
House with the late C'olouel Barnes,
lie said tome: "That was a queer
thing aUrit the nomination of Frank."
"Frank who?" I said. "Why. Frank
Pierce General Pierce. You pee. we
intended to run Frank for the Vice
Presidency. We thought the South
would concede that office to the North,
and we pitched upon the Uereral.
lie vaa very social in his habiu, but
very quiei. He spent his evenings
with a set of good fellows, and thw fact
is, he drank a good deal, though it
was not generally known,. The morn
ing of the nomination it was agreed be
tween Frank and myself that he
should spend the day in Mount Au
burn, no one but myself knowing
where his place of resort was. lie was
very nervous and greatly agitated., I
agreed to drive out . in tho . afternoon
and tell hiiu how things looked.
When the news of the General's nom
ination came on, men ' rushed into the
Tremont House by hundreds. They
knew my intimacy with the General.
But I kept my own counsel. I drove
out to Mount Auburn. It was a long
time before I could find Frank He
was solitary and alone, leaning on the
monument over tbe graves of the Web
ster family. As soon as I saw him I
shouted, 'By , Frank, you have got
It!' 'Got what?' 'Got the nomination
for the Presidency !' T'ot the Presi
dency ?' 'Yes, you are nominated for
the Presidency by the great Democrat
ic party of the State.' pale as marble,
Frank turned from me half kneeling
and half standing grouping the sand
stone shaft, 1 :e took a solemn vow that
he would drink no intoxicating lhmors
during the canvass, nor, if elected, du
ring the Presidential term. That vow
those who knew him best knew that
he kept." ' llurleiyh's LetUr to the
JJotton Journal,
The Absorbing Process
The Baltimore and Ohio railroad has
prolonged one of her feeders through
fhe State to the North : Carolina
line seeking the cotton fields
of the Soii'h ; lately ago she moved to
extend another branch through Vir
ginia to Tennessee to reach the pro
duce centres of tbe Gulf States ar d
the lower Mississippi Valley, and now
we are informed by the New York
Tribune, an unusually well ii, formed
paper on railway matters, "that the
"Baltimore and Ohio railroad C'om
"pany will not be averse to berom
"ing proprietors of the Chesapeake
"and Ohio road at r. price that would
"fully protect the holders of the first
"mortgage loan." Little by littie
here a step, there a foot hold and
Virginia will be absorbed by Haiti
more. The Chesapeake and Ohio road is in
trouble possibly in distress yet we
have assurances that with a little pa
tient forbearance on the part of credi
tors, tbe company wiil be enabled lo
emerge from all ils difih-u.ties We
invoke forbearance, and indulge in
the hope that our public spiriud men
who have capitol to invest will lend to
the Chesapeake and Ohio Company
such assistance as will bring it present
relief, and thus insure to it a firm and
substantial status. Otherwise, as the
Tribune sen.iby concludes, ''Balti
more would become the eastern ler
niinus of the. roini."JHchtnond
Whi.
Dutlcr nml Ili.-i Ierw)n;il
Ian-
Kcr.
On the 18ih o' next X vc:!i;er he
wiil be iifty-six cars oiti He lias rev
cr been scU. 1 1 is coiim it n! ion !i is b-' en
like iron. He has worked lor ten
veers as a few men ever work, even
in ihis busiest of lands. His favorite
saying has been that when he rethed
at night, unless lie wasaslcep in five
minutes; he thought something was
the matter. He has enjoyed absolute,
uninterrupted health, a.ui has revel
ed in it. But there must be an end
to all tilings, and e p ciaiiy to over
worked men. IJu.ler has grown
obesej and, infereiiliaUy. apopletic
Ilis political fights begin to tell on
him. Tne contests n t Worcester have
helped pull him down. The Simmons
fight set his nerves into a frenzy.
His head was clear," but his blood
was hot, and his hu-c hvi 1 at times.
He wound Imr .rdf up to a fearful
pitch of excitement. When th
victory was won and the relapse c.ntte,
the blood left his face, he became
quiet, and seemed to- have weakened
perceptibly. His friends on the floor
said he looked fifteen years older.
But with his immense interests on
h:s hands, there is no release from
the tread-mill no I0112 hours of
relaxation. Ilis affairs are as "in
exorable as those of an emperor.
Some diy his life will go out hke the
light of a hastily. snuffed candle.
U'anltni'jton Corresrtnhnce of th
Boston GUi'jz.
Frum tba 5intbin Coliif alor.
svi:i:t potatoes.
Uest and most Successful' 31odc
of Cultivating and l"rtserviijr.
Much is being said in the agricultu
ral papers on every -subject T except
the sweet potato, which I think one of
the most important crop raisei'"South,
and a crop that has been shamefully
neglected. I shall try in a few words
to give Voil my plan of growing them,
which I think will givenny of the read
ers of the Cultivator succesH, if they try
it. in the first place, I seler t for bedding
just such pot;Uo a as suit my taste, viz :
rattier large find long, and of smooth
Bkln, of the pure yellow yam. To
prepare the bed, I spade up stiihcient
space, which should ne of rich yellow
earth, and raised several inches high.
I then put on a irood layer of etaldc
manure, tlle'i rich earth about one
iu.Vh thiclY,' then the potatoes, ab"ut J
inch apart, fhtn iU h earth" again.
fiuishing with , .1 heavy coating of
manure. As oor. as the potato begin
to sprout, tb tap-coating of. manure
shouid he takeu oif, and njiore earth
well pulverised put on.'
In the next place, I select land of a
dark color - where there is hut little or
no, rc'llay. . About the&'Hh c"f March
I tplough .this Jan'i To. inches deep,
breaking it up broadcast. Win 11 the
potato slipt are larire en ugh fdr plant
ing, I .prepare my rows, by lay it g
them otr 4 feet apart, and plowing
from VI to 14 inches deep, and Am dire
ful not to have a hh'h aed. m w
custom be "ore t'le w ; r and ia now wit
many planter.
In .'cultivating them. the first plow
ing is done with a bull-tugue, which
is put in the ground hs deep as a good
mule cau take it ;' thn I hoe out wHl,
and keep the grass out af! the year. Thi
No! 448
No. 32. . :
next plowing is done, with a turning
plow, put in the furrow made, by . the
bull-t ingue, throwing the dirt to the
potatoe, find this plowing continued
till the middles are broken out, and
ever afterward cultivated with sweep
and hoe.
i As to gathering-after the first frost,
if the ground n not wet, 1 gather my
crop haul the potatoes where I ex
pect to bank them, and if the weather
permits -I let them lay out three or
lour days, in piles of about ten bushels
each taking care to cover them at
night, and tearing down the pi'esevery
morning. This process is continued
till the potatoes ccae to sweat, nnd
then propel ly bunked away, where
they will remain good for -0 months.
Many wait till several floats have
fallen. This plan, I think, is a ruinous
one, as I believe all of the sap of tbe
vine makes back to the potato as oon
as the frost touches it; in which case,
you have a watery J'orxto .to eat till
they.all rot, which-they willdo.no
matter how well you put them up.
The low beds retain the rain, while
the high, drawn-up beds become a
dry as povi dt r, nnvf are never v et two
inches deep by the heaviest rains.
therefore plow deep, and low bed will
make your potatoes. I made at the
rate of oil) bi.shels i er acre last year.
BOLTON.
. ToIto:i's Depot, Mar. 12, 1S74.
Tennessee-Finances.
The realty of Tennessee is valued at
$3,CW,O0O, on which a tax of $1,280
OiK) is annually raid. From SOCO.tXXJ to
(500,000 is collected on privileges, so
that tho total revenue derived by tht
State from the sources, taking the lar
gest estimates, amounts to l,7J0,0iX.
The annual interest on the Stile debt,
amounts $,tiiH.(i6j, w that after its
paymeut, a surplm of ifiSO.OlO will be
left with over a million of delinquent
taxes, for the year 1S73, outstanding on
tne l.-,t of January, 1S74, with which to
pay the current expenses of the Sate
government, atnouutirg to about $W0
000. The largest collections are made in
January of every year. In January,
1372, the sum of (fobl.(X)ll was coll.cted.
January, 1873, over $37O.i'-0i) and Jan
uary, 1S74, $377,090. A'astrtfe
nir'
Tho Growth of Memphis.
Nothing can be more encouraging
or gratifinj thail tbe growth of the
city of Memphis, It Las often bc'n
sadly scourged. but it quickly
rebounds from deprcss"u:i. The Ap
j;ritl claims that no .city east of the
Mississippi river can show greater or
healthier progress. It gives figures
as follows : In I SO!). po: illation 8.8-11;
iu 1871, f.o.OOO; in 18")4, value of
town lots, ;;.70o,000; in 1772,
25,OC0.00D. A very good exhibit,
and one justly to be proud of.
A Happy Home.
The family .sljould be a community
To make it truly sj,. there must be
common interest. Alas for that
household where father's business,
mother's social cares, and children's
sports and pleasures are net shared
by each other. Then it will hot be
strani'p if the expenditure is out of i
proportion to the income, and if the
companions and resorts f the chil
dun me evii. Happy that home
where the cares ;md joys s re S)
divided that the former are not op
pressive and l ie latter are multiplied ;
where t'.e heat ts grow c oser as the
ye-i.s roll by, s tint the separations
which must come to eyery launly are
only b-.t.Iily, and iliorefoic tcicprary.
Who would have thought it? It is
not so long njo stride the Hon. Hen
ry S. l'oote ofleretl ilO.tWO for the sculp
of an abolitionist. r'unuy euounb,
however, he didn't Improve the . first
good chance that olfeied, since; be and
Wendell Phillips dined together the
o'.her day at the retuurmi.t of a Wash
ington colored trtarJ. Sashviltc Ban
ner. Mine. Ihiriile is not . installed in the
prison ,cf liir husband in the Isle i f
.Marguerite, . ..bhe ha$ J?eeh, treated
with tonti(feratioh, and the small Ipdg
Ing assigned her is commodious. Put
she has no permission to a;o over the
island; and, being subjected to the
sam refjiinc as tbe Marshal, she can
only take a walk on the terrace of the
building. The oldest kou of the priso
ner has been with him since the arri
val of the latter, while the other pop
nnd the daughter came with tire moth
er. :DE3srxsT:R,Y.
(Graduate of Daliimore College of Dental Surgery )
OFFERS. his prnfciniontl serriees-to th
Citizens of Urietoi nl vicinity.
OFFICE opposite the New York HiCip
Ftore, DritM.
?lrsi Street, Drii!ol,
Dc.
..tf..
3?r islet eBusiness 'Carifo
JI. A.mCKLEY,
MAXUFACTUlEIi'
Of all ICitids of jriitilUurc
AND" '
UXDERTAKEK.
March 8, '72. tf. .
VERSITY- OF 1 VIltGIVIA
. LAW DEPARTBIEHT.
J.B Minor, I L. 1., Prof Com. anil fetal. ' aw ; .
O. Hoathall. LI., 1., Pro!. qaity tutd Lw MareS.
nt, liiterma'l Ijiw, He. ecairn baln Oct. I,
lili, and eootloaoa in months. Iwtruci a ay
trxt-booka and leeiuxaa eoiubind, llla-ikr. led by
Monl-C'oart axafrUt.. For aiJ..f - l (t.
O. luir.mUT olVa.lto . WUTaJiclillK.
8ec'y ftt'j.
m - -
Ai(mat 19
ri'2ii!.a iv . . . -
, t
. ! vAN.MjUXCi:.lfXT.'
rr t;!r.rr(, Lfslartr.S WV.uary?T?- ;
ccH.racli , . 1" "f.."
To-at. r.n.T Tomrslitp olfi- j ' . f
Tic aloCc rn.-i wV. V- rixiti - altered t.'
' - -or- -
Itcfcsriojifl 'Ctr:?rr .
-r-
5"
u. i- Yor.ic,
:''
ATTORNEY AT LAW :
(JOODIOX-tlRtSli)., V. A Tt-tVit.
1 KACTICK ivgular'iy in in ti tht
Courts in Wuihiiigh.n - unly, Vsi.J
and in Washington and SuIMvtu' conn- '
ts. TtiiM. .ind nth nd loth
'eel', n
of all claims in SvMthVt-l t.
:..
Teuuesscv. ... , - .-. ','- "
()lnrr,oa Ci;ia-uluni; i-iiw! Hood
son. Va. . .x 1 '70-1
SI. !.. LMacWJ.jf.
(1. I ! l..tii
A 1 1 or i i c y s-a f -1 .
:v
L. I)-
Solicitors in Chancery, .
ri;ITGr., V,. rt.N.V.
Will practice h
irt'?r, Waislii
111 itu- rem n ; ni l M4
iircr, v HMiiuut; n .imi r.n rii ruunin i-.
Tennei-soP, ant' VVaaliiiijct-'ii, Virsinin.
Also, in tlif DitrtiivM mit ! t L I nitej
State fur the tH;tl -tti n J-i-t . nf V. t
Abiiiion. 2Urvl iMf
A.ttonov' nl. Law;.
KRISTC'U TK.N.V. . i .
rRACTlt'Kf ia t!:C scTor.-.l l,Ct i- ,.f til
(Mmtiiii'linj roniififK. li- m -t btu-n'...",
givrtt i i.he cnllrrtion f.f rliiiirt. " ;
Oflicr, hiiu Street, in I r. I t Mr' hriij
Attorney fit fnwi
Wn.i. prwoiicc in tlie I liupf v itl .1 iryT.i
"'ottrt.- of VTititliint'iii, St- tj i-pvtrf mi J
IhiKxrll. Albointlie Cotitf !" .ipp-u?i aud
U. S. histritt t'ourt.
Speei.-d ntlciition pi. to ruiu in
ruptcr. Ufiice Mai a Sinot, Auii..
!'nntf
... Vf
!. r.isrra.
M biiix-liiu.
ji. i.. r.t. I -
Itri.-tnl, .1.
. Baxter & Blackley,
Vtloriicj at-l aw mid SofirKoir
itl VH:ntktj',
Will prnctii- In all II. '.nri ( 1TMk;ui4i
enmity, Vo.. tin! Court !' 4p-iil il Wyiljtl)l.
anJ tlin t'nitoil St.itm l'iu.i I anj I i tu'.L twciuri t
at A liiiytmi.
) :s, ii;.i tr.
K. A. AYEim.
An)it.i;v AT LAW
PltAfTICKSiii the ( '..nrts of th? n.ljoi--n
t'otintit-rt nii'l in tii Sny rifr Courts
of the !Ht -.tc, rronijt nttrti'.iiiti jiven i
collectinnMin Sotitliwert V:., and Eat Tfti. .
July 30. 1H72. l.v.
D. K. Rui.-r. , , .V l. Mi ( jtmK k t
Bailey & McCioakey;
5 tf "T Ti J ' I ti MY.fr
ilU.i nSi a tin Ww-.at kw I w
uur.sTOL. ti:n:-.; va.
A tier:. .nil the. Cinr!5 'K ShlTlTan 'r.
Wacbijiij.im- .itiii H. Ti mi., . WjtrliingUn
on I Scott, Vn.: nnd Fish r:d 1'i.iii-f nt Knoa
ville nd ALinih.n. Au, 12 -It .
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
ATiisr.box; VA.
PRACTIlT.3 In all the fV.nrft .f tVa,T. ,
ing;ton ul Ii.u."I X"ui.li4;. Circuit
t'tmrts of Scott and Leo, nnd in t eilcrl court
at Abing'loit. . fo 'i6-tf.
r. V..fVaJr!cV. C.L. r.-rk. A, I'ulkrt.'.n
Mmilf Ycfi h fi'fesi.
Aitoi'hoys at faAV.4 -BRISTOL,
TVyXlXSEti.
I J it '. jirflctue hi nil the Courts "or Hid-'
I ' liv:in and Wtwhiot-ni t'innt'pi, iu
the Fuprrme Ccjurt of he .tit, ivl tbite
.vt t'' Court at Knoivillf. AU rlwins col
lected. Jidjr il;3tf.
Attorney at Liw.
AND GENERAL COLM iTlNC AGENT
r--,.- ftj s . '
Will be in rr cular nth ;nf uir-o on th
courtnof Tazewell, the circuit - emirs
of Wa-.l.iiirtoii aixl Kiiffll counties,
and .Federal rourt at Abingdon. Sje
ial nttcntioir-iriveii ! tin- claim f
creditor .nc'"Ht bankrupt )r
Ffdcrui court ot Abinjdoii.
H. M. GRANT, H: D., M.D. S.-
JDS2ri?IBT"Y".'; . ,
Can Le fju'n'd at hid OfSce every S;it
urrl.iy.
"v- OftT'-e on "SUlii Street, opposite
Tipper'ti ifrug .to; .
JIarch 31, 1S74. tf.
V.F FOWLER d7d.
011KK.NVII.LK, TKNK '
J .. Stv . r i't'at r rdl Kits f
Tkkth nci-i nlin--f.i fi r iiiit '? t,ro-.
fl incthixl, arid here j is tii-n r.-mnot
biH)i:ic, will call nil I tir ;'w ro;or ,
Filling nd Extracting .1 mi ami all i
Via au'ecd. No ork aolicitcd except i. p
Ciiih. :
Fvftlt.U
DH. DUNXT,
litititlftit Jientil
-1 - ilUtlSTOL, TBX.V,,-;
OFFirn orer Ki.vm At txiiii T Sf. tef
.3m9 'Ii t.'. ';...!. t.

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