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The advocate. [volume] (Meriden, Kan.) 1889-1892, September 07, 1889, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85029079/1889-09-07/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOL. i.
NO. 5.
j-rotit Hid K.ullit'ni MtTfiiry.
Tho following from tho published
proceedings of tho Texas State Alh
. unco contains solid food for roilonon
for tho people of this and every
other state in thoUuioa:
The oouimittee on industrial do
..r.imi made tho followiug report,
which' was atC'l nd ordered print
ed in tho Southern Mercury and mi
papers friendly uro roqueted to copy
To tho President, Officers and Mem
bers of tho Farmers' Alliance of
"Wo hiiro made inquiry as ftir as
wo havo boon, ablo, into tho general
condition of tho working poopK Tho
! v questions that wo havo kept steadily
, p in view are: Do thoHO who lalor and
produce receive u just portion of tho
profit or surplus wealth they create?
Has tho vast incroaHO of productivo
lower, which in tho result of advance
ment in science and tho multiplica
tion of inventions to lesson labor and
increase production, and to facilitate
and cheapen transportation and tho
transmission of intelligence, reHulted
in correnponding benefit to tho pro
ducer, by giving him better opportu
nity in lifo to enjoy its comforts and
improve Inn financial condition.
Wo find tho answer to these quories
in tho present conditions everywhere
apparent throughout tho length and
breadth of our country. Tho extremes
of wealth and poverty aro becoming
more marked.
Organized charitable institutions in
tho largo cities confess they aro utter
ly unable to relievo tho rapidly in
creasing mass of pauperism, while tho
cry of starving men, women and chil
dren comes from mining valleys and
Ostentatious, vulgar wealth on the
one hand and squalid, disgusting
poverty on tho other; tho unfailing
characteristics of decaying civilization
meet us on every side.
In tho empire state of tho Union
monopoly has made millionaires by
tho hundred, but it has also madoom
out of every seven of its population
either a janier, a criminal or a lunatic
One corporation, tho Standard Oil
company, by monopolizing a single
natural iroduct- -a free gift of nature
to all -has divided four hundred mill
ions of dollars in profits among its few
stockholders, while thousands of sew
ing women in tho city aro slowly
starving. A few scores of individuals
havo amassed hundreds of millions of
dollars by manipulating and wrecking
railroads whilo producers are robbed
by high freights and laboring men
degraded by low wages.
Of the 9M,000,000 of acres of pub
lic lands held at different times by tho
national government in trust for tho
people, and which should have boon
disposed Jof to willing lalxr for hon
tHt, productive purposes, only about
one-third has boon given to real and
"nominal settlers; tho other two thirds millions of debtors; for their intercut
cepting comparatively small areas
still held, havo been squandered in
different ways, with httlo thought or
the public good and less of tho pres
ent and prospective needs of landless
labor. Tho result is that millions of
workers are now homeless, the helpless
dependents upon precarious daily
wages, whilo laud inonoioly, founded
and fosterwl by national legislation
lias assumed serious and mercenary
proportions. Alien landlords already
own largo areas of American soil and
aro increasing tho extent of their do
mains, day by day, through purchase
or mortgage foreclosure. Our Amer
ican sovereignty is thus fast fading
into a vassalago to alien landlords
and foreign money-lenders, whilo our
toiling producers look on with ox-eyed
meekness or fatal apathy. Indeed
some of them seem to rejoico at their
passage into tho service of foreign
masters, and point with prido to every
sale of our life-sustaining natural re
sources to foreigners as an indication
if Milt nrnKiHr!tv. TllOV fail to
that they and their offspring pass
with those natural resources into for-
im ownership and control.
'Those who own tho land will rule
tho country' said John Adams. An-
nfl.i.i Iwih said moro forcibly that
Those who own tho land own tho peo
ple who live upon tho land.'
Tho founders ana minors 01 mis re
public resisted Britain's right to tax
flumi. nn in rebellion and secured
their independence after untold hard
ships and innumerable sacrifice,
Tim AmonwiriDconlo to-day nave
... . - - j & -
to pay every six months to imus
capitalists nnd landlords more than
Great Britain exacted from American
colonists in tho one hundred and six
from tho founding of
Jamestown to tho Declaration of In
dependence. Wo still havo politica
liberty, but it is moro of shadow than
(A substance, as long as producers re
main in industrial and financial do
iwirwimifMt ni inn foreigners. And at
jn-n.n 1
tho present rate of acquisition, it wil
bo but a comparatively short time uu
til tho complete financial and indus
trial subjection of our producers to
fm-mVii domination is effectual; not
only are foreign monopolists acquir
inir our lands, but our railroad, man
ufacturing and other industries an
also passing into thoir hands. This
however, is only the natural result of
cur national legislation for tho past
ouarter of n century. Ours is, in the-
orva representative government; in
practico, however, only certain classes
havo been of late years, represented
in tho national congress and legisla
tion has been shaped in tho interests
and to the aggrandizement of those
vine or u lift in nftpr how disastrous to
the masses. For the interest of thoso
classes the currency was contracts
at the close of tho late war, although
it brought crushing disaster upon
silver was demonetized, although it
brought on tho panio of T made
hundreds of thousands of business
men bankrupt and millions of work
ers homeless wanderers, for their in
terest contracts were arbitrarily chang
ed, currency funded into bonds and
tho bonds refunded, specie payment
rosumod regardl.-- - L wlcr juc,,H UIU1
lusses to tho ptiblio, and debt, degra
dation and misery inflicted on tho
. 1 1 1
people. Many 01 tno ovoruuruoumi
producers and debtors have for years
protested against this cruel mjustico
of class legislutian and asked for ro-
ief, but in vain; tho spirit of shylock
was at tho helm and relentless.
Tho money in circulation has been
kept at a minimum, usury at a maxi
mum and humanity sacrificed to mo
nopoly. In tho purposely created
money famine and consequent low
prices the country has been mortgaged
and, to a largo extent, sold outright to
iomo and foreign monopolists. v The
means by which this monopoly has
Iw.i.n MHMirod to a class and all that
misery to tho man suggests tho reme
dies. Equal opportunities, as far as
poHsiblemust bo secured to every in
dividual; efficient measures must t)o
taken to prevent land monopoly and
every means availablo used to secure
in 11 m workers access to tlur natural
A medium of exchange must bo pro
vided that will effect tho exchango of
products at cost, instead of, as at pres
et, confiscating a largo part of their
value through usury.
The public highways must be con
trolled and used so that the transpor
tation may bo effected at equitable
rates, approximating as nearly as
liHK-ticnble to actual cost. If this
cannot bo secured under private own-
rship of thoso highways then it must
bo secured under public control.
Private corporations should not bo
any longer permitted to levy arbitra
ry tolls on labor, mdustry and enter
It is unnecessary hero to enter into
details as to practical measures to so
, i .i
euro thoso mucn neeuou uuumm
This state Alliance at former sessions
has already mado specific legislative
demands embodied in tho resolutions
adopted at Cleburno in 188G, and in
tho report of this committeo adopter
at its last annual session. Ihosodo
mauds should bo kept before tho pul
1;,. nn,i urnumtd for legislative an
11V J. u
congressional action.
Unless organized mwr addresses it
self to this practically, persistently
1 ml snrw iKfonllv it is useless to or-
iranizo. These are questions that la
Winir neonlo must study, not as ques
w. mvnlvo tho success of this
or that political party, but as vital js
sues, involving tho welfare, tho socia
ration and the intellectual andmor
id advancement of themselves and
t m: Tl.o vntm of labor is ttt
iauuuuo. v
prenrnt seldom heard in legislative
halls and still more seldom hooded.
It is railway kings, and land grabbers
and tho mo. -v monoiK)lista whose
words aro wolgi. .1 and whoso de
mands aro acted upon.
It is moro than twenty centuries
since Aristotle said, "Itia almotit en
1 1 1 1
irresisT.ni.M--(iU(,y Qt tl(imocrRCit,
to merge into plutocracies." This ten
dency in our government is too pain
fully plain.
It is the mission of organizod labor
to arrest this tendency and makQ our
republic a really representative ono
in which tho people will make laws
'or tho equal protection and benefit
of all, instead of wealth dictating them
in tho interest of monopoly as at pres
We warn tho laboring people agoinbt
tho baneful influence of demagogues
and blighting effects of blind parti
san prejudice. Wo desiro to empha
size tho recommendation to tho poo-
do of the Alliance to study economic
questions, for this is tho groat object , ;
of our order as sot forth in tho first
claiiKo of the declaration of purposes
of tho Farmers' Allianco"To laW
for tho education of tho agricultural
classed, in tho scionco of oconomlcid
government, in n strictly non-parti- Ar
san spirit." Cast your suffrage for ipt
those who aro in sympathy with you i
beware of thoso whoso itwte and , u
inclinations aro in antagonism to tho
vital interests of labor.
In conclusion let it bo romomlored
that wo cannot oxpoct to obtain or ,
maintain equal justice until wo have a
real representative government. Wo
cannot havo u roid representative ,'
government until tho voters aro indo-
pendent thinkers, who study and un-
derstand tho practical, economic and !
olitical questions as they exist or j
may ariso for solution or Bottlerm-nt.
It is impossible to havo a roprcfenta- .
tivo government or to socuro eubstafi- ,
tial justice whilo masses of voters are ; ...
the mere echo or puppets of others. ' , ,
Respectfully submitted.
It. J. Sr.EDOK,
I). M. Humph,
T. M. Smixh,
C. A. McMeans
Tho Mitchell county (Ga ) Ailing
:ias arranged for an imposing jiitf j
lagging funeral some time this month.
The pull bearers havo been selected
and all the details arranged. Rev.
Mr. Hoggar will preach tho funeral.
Progressive Farmer.
A bhower of raw beef hos fullen in ;
Illinois. It is supposod that a ro.uh!,
had some trouble with a moat cart j '
one of the northern counties. Awt
ican Liveryman.
There aro nineteen hundred
fortythree Alliances in North Cu
up to date. Progrmi ve Farmei

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